Топ-100 ⓘ December 29. 875 – Charles the Bald, King of the Franks, is
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ⓘ December 29. 875 – Charles the Bald, King of the Franks, is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor Charles II. 1851 – The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachuse ..



December 29
                                     

ⓘ December 29

  • 875 – Charles the Bald, King of the Franks, is crowned as Holy Roman Emperor Charles II.
  • 1851 – The first American YMCA opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 2013 – A suicide bomb attack at the Volgograd-1 railway station in the southern Russian city of Volgograd kills at least 18 people and wounds 40 others.
  • 1940 – World War II: In the Second Great Fire of London, the Luftwaffe fire-bombs London, England, killing almost 200 civilians.
  • 2012 – A Tupolev Tu-204 airliner crashes in a ditch between the airport fence and the M3 highway after overshooting a runway at Vnukovo International Airport in Moscow, Russia, killing five people and leaving three others critically injured.
  • 1949 – KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency UHF television station to operate a daily schedule.
  • 1835 – The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
  • 1876 – The Ashtabula River railroad disaster occurs, leaving 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.
  • 1998 – Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over one million lives.
  • 1427 – The Ming army begins its withdrawal from Hanoi, ending the Chinese domination of Dai Viet.
  • 1989 – The Nikkei 225 for the Tokyo Stock Exchange hits its all-time intra-day high of 38.957.44 and closing high at 38.915.87, serving as the apex of the Japanese asset price bubble.
  • 2006 – The UK settles its Anglo-American loan, post-WWII loan debt.
  • 1996 – Guatemala and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity sign a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war.
  • 1874 – The military coup of Gen. Martinez Campos in Sagunto ends the failed First Spanish Republic and the monarchy is restored as Prince Alfonso is proclaimed King of Spain.
  • 2003 – The last known speaker of Akkala Sami dies, rendering the language extinct.
  • 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Three thousand British soldiers under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell capture Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1934 – Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
  • 1503 – The Battle of Garigliano 1503 was fought between a Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba and a French army commanded by Ludovico II, Marquess of Saluzzo.
  • 1911 – Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty, enthroning 8th Jebtsundamba Khutughtu as Khagan of Mongolia.
  • 1916 – A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, was first published as a book by an American publishing house B. W. Huebschis after it had been serialized in The Egoist 1914–15.
  • 1972 – Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar crashes in the Florida Everglades on approach to Miami International Airport, Florida, killing 101 of the 176 people on board.
  • 1975 – A bomb explodes at LaGuardia Airport in New York City, killing 11 people and injuring 74.
  • 1989 – Czech writer, philosopher and dissident Vaclav Havel is elected the first post-communist President of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1812 – USS Constitution, under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three-hour battle.
  • 1937 – The Irish Free State is replaced by a new state called Ireland with the adoption of a new constitution.
  • 1508 – Portuguese forces under the command of Francisco de Almeida attack Khambhat at the Battle of Dabul.
  • 1860 – The launch of HMS Warrior, with her combination of screw propeller, iron hull and iron armour, renders all previous warships obsolete.
  • 1994 – Turkish Airlines Flight 278 a Boeing 737-400 crashes on approach to Van Ferit Melen Airport in Van, Turkey, killing 57 of the 76 people on board.
  • 1890 – Wounded Knee Massacre on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 300 Lakota are killed by the United States 7th Cavalry Regiment.
  • 1930 – Sir Muhammad Iqbals presidential address in Allahabad introduces the two-nation theory and outlines a vision for the creation of Pakistan.
  • 1911 – Sun Yat-sen becomes the provisional President of the Republic of China; he formally takes office on January 1, 1912.
  • 1845 – In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, the United States annexes the Republic of Texas, following the manifest destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state.
  • 1170 – Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Communion and the Catholic Church.
  • 1992 – Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil, tries to resign amidst corruption charges, but is then impeached.
  • 1997 – Hong Kong begins to kill all the citys 1.25 million chickens to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1920 – Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-American actress, singer and poet d. 1995
  • 1968 – Ri Pun-hui, North Korean table tennis player
  • 1800 – Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer d. 1860
  • 1959 – Milton Ottey, Jamaican-Canadian high jumper and coach
  • 1989 – Kei Nishikori, Japanese tennis player
  • 1929 – Matt Murphy, American guitarist d. 2018
  • 1914 – Zainul Abedin, Bangladeshi painter and academic d. 1976
  • 1982 – Alison Brie, American actress and singer
  • 1919 – Alfred de Grazia, American political scientist and author d. 2014
  • 1919 – Roman Vlad, Italian pianist and composer d. 2013
  • 1856 – Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch-French mathematician and academic d. 1894
  • 1943 – Bill Aucoin, American talent manager d. 2010
  • 1911 – Klaus Fuchs, German physicist and spy d. 1988
  • 1947 – Leonhard Lapin, Estonian architect and poet
  • 1923 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian author and Holocaust survivor d. 2012
  • 1019 – Munjong, Korean ruler d. 1083
  • 1962 – Devon White, Jamaican-American baseball player
  • 1933 – Samuel Brittan, English journalist and author
  • 1978 – Kieron Dyer, English footballer and coach
  • 1886 – Norman Hallows, English runner and captain d. 1968
  • 1983 – Jessica Andrews, American singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Nancy J. Currie, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1885 – Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Austrian-Russian general d. 1921
  • 1953 – Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips d. 2005
  • 1978 – Jake Berry, English lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Katy Munger, American writer
  • 1936 – Ray Nitschke, American football player d. 1998
  • 1946 – Laffit Pincay, Jr., Panamanian jockey
  • 1876 – Pablo Casals, Catalan cellist and conductor d. 1973
  • 1975 – Jaret Wright, American baseball player
  • 1796 – Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist and journalist d. 1877
  • 1942 – Oscar Andres Rodriguez Maradiaga, Honduran cardinal
  • 1953 – Kate Schmidt, American javelin thrower and coach
  • 1957 – Oliver Hirschbiegel, German actor, director, and producer
  • 1996 – Sana Minatozaki, Japanese singer Twice
  • 1923 – Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian, anthropologist, and physicist d. 1986
  • 1979 – Diego Luna, Mexican actor, director and producer
  • 1943 – Molly Bang, American author and illustrator
  • 1953 – Alan Rusbridger, Zambia-born English journalist and academic
  • 1953 – Thomas Bach, German fencer, lawyer and sports administrator; 9th President of the International Olympic Committee
  • 1952 – Gelsey Kirkland, American ballerina and choreographer
  • 1922 – Little Joe Cook, American singer-songwriter d. 2014
  • 1954 – Roger Voudouris, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2003
  • 1947 – Vincent Winter, Scottish actor, director, and production manager d. 1998
  • 1986 – Joe Anyon, English footballer
  • 1976 – Danny McBride, American actor, producer and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Dave McKean, English illustrator, photographer, director, and pianist
  • 1961 – Jim Reid, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1961 – Kevin Granata, American engineer and academic d. 2007
  • 1959 – Paula Poundstone, American comedian and author
  • 1985 – Alexa Ray Joel, American singer-songwriter
  • 1961 – Richard Horton, English physician and journalist
  • 1937 – Wayne Huizenga, American businessman, founded AutoNation d. 2018
  • 1808 – Andrew Johnson, American general and politician, 17th President of the United States d. 1875
  • 1988 – Christen Press, American footballer
  • 1976 – Filip Kuba, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1959 – Keith Crossan, Irish rugby player
  • 1978 – Steve Kemp, English drummer
  • 1979 – George Parros, American ice hockey player
  • 1844 – Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee, Indian barrister and was the first president of Indian National Congress. d. 1906
  • 1987 – Iain De Caestecker, Scottish actor
  • 1960 – Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, Congolese militia leader, founded the Union of Congolese Patriots
  • 1984 – Brenton Lawrence, Australian rugby league player
  • 1962 – Wynton Rufer, New Zealand footballer
  • 1964 – Michael Cudlitz, American actor
  • 1951 – Yvonne Elliman, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1981 – Vjatseslav Zahovaiko, Estonian footballer
  • 1995 – Ross Lynch, American singer and actor
  • 1915 – Robert Ruark, American hunter and author d. 1965
  • 1946 – Marianne Faithfull, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1965 – Danilo Perez, Panamanian pianist and composer
  • 1942 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor d. 2012
  • 1967 – Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian-American journalist
  • 1923 – Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat, French mathematician and physicist
  • 1977 – Jimmy Journell, American baseball player
  • 2000 – Eliot Vassamillet, Belgian singer
  • 1957 – Brad Grey, American screenwriter and producer d. 2017
  • 1938 – Harvey Smith, English horse rider and sportscaster
  • 1809 – William Ewart Gladstone, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 1898
  • 1959 – Patricia Clarkson, American actress
  • 1766 – Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and the inventor of waterproof fabric d. 1843
  • 1965 – Laurent Boudouani, French boxer
  • 1974 – Ryan Shore, Canadian composer and producer
  • 1944 – Rodney Redmond, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1988 – Eric Berry, American football player
  • 1965 – Dexter Holland, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Besnik Hasi, Kosovo Albanian football manager and former player
  • 1874 – François Brandt, Dutch rower and bishop d. 1949
  • 1975 – Shawn Hatosy, American actor
  • 1943 – Rick Danko, Canadian singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer d. 1999
  • 1859 – Venustiano Carranza, Mexican soldier and politician, 37th President of Mexico d. 1920
  • 765 – Ali al-Ridha, Arab scholar and imam d. 818
  • 1947 – Ted Danson, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Stefano Eranio, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1922 – William Gaddis, American author and academic d. 1998
  • 1939 – Ed Bruce, American country music singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Mitsuhiro Ishida, Japanese mixed martial artist
  • 1903 – Candido Portinari, Brazilian painter d. 1962
  • 1962 – Carles Puigdemont, Catalan politician and former president
  • 1960 – David Gilbert, Australian cricketer
  • 1917 – Ramanand Sagar, Indian director and producer d. 2005
  • 1970 – Enrico Chiesa, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1947 – Richard Crandall, American physicist and computer scientist d. 2012
  • 1963 – Sean Payton, American football player and coach
  • 1921 – Dobrica Cosic, Serbian politician, 1st President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia d. 2014
  • 1881 – Jess Willard, American boxer d. 1968
  • 1902 – Nels Stewart, Canadian ice hockey player d. 1957
  • 1910 – Ronald Coase, English-American economist, author, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2013
  • 1974 – Twinkle Khanna, Indian actress and writer
  • 1947 – David Tanner, English rower and coach
  • 1957 – Iain Paxton, Scottish rugby player and coach
  • 1978 – Matthew Carr, Australian footballer
  • 1914 – Albert Tucker, Australian painter and illustrator d. 1999
  • 1932 – Inga Swenson, American actress and singer
  • 1963 – Liisa Savijarvi, Canadian skier
  • 1550 – Garcia de Silva Figueroa, Spanish diplomat and traveller d. 1624
  • 1987 – Juliana Huxtable, American artist
  • 1934 – Ed Flanders, American actor d. 1995
  • 1973 – Theo Epstein, American businessman
  • 1895 – Oswald Freisler, German lawyer and author d. 1939
  • 1908 – Magnus Pyke, English scientist and author d. 1992
  • 1923 – Morton Estrin, American pianist and educator d. 2017
  • 1967 – Lilly Wachowski, American director, screenwriter and producer
  • 1855 – August Kitzberg, Estonian author and poet d. 1927
  • 1969 – Jennifer Ehle, American actress
  • 1924 – Kim Song-ae, Korean politician d.2014
  • 1941 – Ray Thomas, English singer-songwriter and flute player d. 2018
  • 1633 – Johannes Zollikofer, Swiss vicar d. 1692
  • 1816 – Carl Ludwig, German physician and physiologist d. 1895
  • 1957 – Paul Rudnick, American author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Danny Higginbotham, English footballer and journalist
  • 1934 – Forough Farrokhzad, Iranian poet and filmmaker d. 1967
  • 1983 – James Kelly, Australian footballer
  • 1987 – Yuhi Sekiguchi, Japanese race car driver
  • 1915 – Bill Osmanski, American football player and coach d. 1996
  • 1966 – Jeff Luhnow, American businessman
  • 1967 – Evan Seinfeld, American bass player, actor, and director
  • 1953 – Charlayne Woodard, American actress and playwright
  • 1972 – Jude Law, English actor
  • 1904 – Kuvempu, Indian author and poet d. 1994
  • 1982 – Brian Hill, Canadian swimmer
  • 1923 – Dina Merrill, American actress, game show panelist, socialite, heiress, and businesswoman d. 2017
  • 1963 – Des Foy, English rugby player
  • 1982 – Dale Morris, Australian footballer
  • 1966 – Martin Offiah, English rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1908 – Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologian and author d. 1993
  • 1925 – Pete Dye, American golfer and architect
  • 1955 – Donald D. Hoffman, American quantitative psychologist and popular science writer
  • 1746 – Saverio Cassar, Maltese priest and rebel leader d. 1805
  • 1954 – Albrecht Bottcher, German mathematician and author
  • 1970 – Glen Phillips, American singer-songwriter and guitarist Toad the Wet Sprocket
  • 1947 – Cozy Powell, English drummer, songwriter, and producer d. 1998
  • 1981 – Shaun Suisham, American football player
  • 1709 – Elizabeth Petrovna, Russian empress d. 1762
  • 1936 – Mary Tyler Moore, American actress and producer d. 2017
  • 1896 – David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter d. 1974
  • 1981 – Shizuka Arakawa, Japanese figure skater and sportscaster
  • 1949 – David Topliss, English rugby league player and coach d. 2008
  • 1974 – Richie Sexson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1917 – Tom Bradley, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 38th Mayor of Los Angeles d. 1998
  • 1984 – Reimo Tamm, Estonian basketball player
  • 1927 – Andy Stanfield, American sprinter d. 1985
  • 1960 – David Boon, Australian cricketer
  • 1982 – Norbert Siedler, Austrian race car driver
  • 1899 – Nie Rongzhen, Chinese general and politician, Mayor of Beijing d. 1992
  • 1945 – Birendra of Nepal, King of Nepal from 1972 to 2001 d. 2001
  • 1948 – Peter Robinson, Northern Irish politician, 3rd First Minister of Northern Ireland
  • 1979 – Moe Oshikiri, Japanese model and actress
  • 1938 – Jon Voight, American actor and producer
  • 1978 – Angelo Taylor, American athlete
  • 1931 – Stasys Stonkus, Lithuanian basketball player and coach d. 2012
  • 1988 – Agnes Szavay, Hungarian tennis player
  • 1536 – Henry VI, German nobleman d. 1572
  • 1993 – Travis Head, Australian cricketer
  • 1915 – Jo Van Fleet, American actress d. 1996
  • 1914 – Billy Tipton, American pianist and saxophonist d. 1989
  • 1924 – Joe Allbritton, American businessman and publisher, founded the Allbritton Communications Company d. 2012
  • 1974 – Mekhi Phifer, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Ann Demeulemeester, Belgian fashion designer
  • 1970 – Aled Jones, Welsh singer and television host
  • 1969 – Allan McNish, Scottish race car driver and journalist
  • 1879 – Billy Mitchell, American general and pilot d. 1936
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1565 – Queen Munjeong of Korea b. 1501
  • 1949 – Tyler Dennett, American historian and author b. 1883
  • 1125 – Agnes I, Abbess of Quedlinburg b.c. 1090
  • 1731 – Brook Taylor, English mathematician and theorist b. 1685
  • 1959 – Robin Milford, English soldier and composer b. 1903
  • 2007 – Phil ODonnell, Scottish footballer b. 1972
  • 1998 – Jean-Claude Forest, French author and illustrator b. 1930
  • 1890 – Spotted Elk, American tribal leader b. 1826
  • 2013 – Eero Mantyranta, Finnish skier b. 1937
  • 2012 – Bruce Stark, American cartoonist b. 1933
  • 1968 – Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher b. 1904
  • 2010 – Avi Cohen, Israeli footballer and manager b. 1956
  • 2000 – Adele Stimmel Chase, American sculptor and painter b. 1917
  • 1720 – Maria Margarethe Kirch, German astronomer and educator b. 1670
  • 1925 – Felix Vallotton, Swiss/French painter b. 1865
  • 721 – Empress Genmei of Japan b. 660
  • 1976 – Ivo Van Damme, Belgian runner b. 1954
  • 1887 – Ferdinand Johann Wiedemann, Estonian-Russian linguist and botanist b. 1805
  • 1550 – Bhuvanaikabahu VII, King of Kotte b. 1468
  • 1960 – Eden Phillpotts, English author and poet b. 1862
  • 1980 – Nadezhda Mandelstam, Russian author and educator b. 1899
  • 2013 – C. T. Hsia, Chinese-American critic and scholar b. 1921
  • 1634 – John Albert Vasa, Polish cardinal b. 1612
  • 1807 – Diogo de Carvalho e Sampayo, Portuguese diplomat and scientist b. 1750
  • 1563 – Sebastian Castellio, French preacher and theologian b. 1515
  • 1972 – Chrysostomos Papasarantopoulos, Greek priest and missionary b. 1903
  • 2012 – Paulo Rocha, Portuguese director and screenwriter b. 1935
  • 1737 – Joseph Saurin, French minister and mathematician b. 1659
  • 2015 – Om Prakash Malhotra, Indian general and politician, 25th Governor of Punjab b. 1922
  • 1416 – Mathew Swetenham, bow bearer of Henry IV
  • 2012 – Tony Greig, South African-Australian cricketer and sportscaster b. 1946
  • 1926 – Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet and author b. 1875
  • 2014 – Juanito Remulla, Sr., Filipino lawyer and politician, Governor of Cavite b. 1933
  • 2004 – Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1912
  • 2013 – Benjamin Curtis, American guitarist, drummer, and songwriter b. 1978
  • 2001 – Takashi Asahina, Japanese conductor b. 1908
  • 1996 – Mireille Hartuch, French singer-songwriter and actress b. 1906
  • 1815 – Sarah Baartman, Khoikhoi woman b. 1789
  • 1929 – Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer and businessman, founded Maybach b. 1846
  • 1952 – Fletcher Henderson, American pianist, composer, and bandleader b. 1897
  • 1986 – Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian director and screenwriter b. 1932
  • 2008 – Freddie Hubbard, American trumpet player and composer b. 1938
  • 1944 – Khasan Israilov, Chechen rebel b. 1910
  • 1170 – Thomas Becket, English archbishop and saint b. 1118
  • 1999 – Leon Radzinowicz, Polish-English criminologist and academic b. 1906
  • 1891 – Leopold Kronecker, Polish-German mathematician and academic b. 1823
  • 1785 – Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian-Danish poet and playwright b. 1742
  • 1689 – Thomas Sydenham, English physician and author b. 1624
  • 1937 – Don Marquis, American journalist, author, and playwright b. 1878
  • 1897 – William James Linton, English-American painter, author, and activist b. 1812
  • 1894 – Christina Rossetti, English poet and hymn-writer b. 1830
  • 2003 – Bob Monkhouse, English comedian, actor, and game show host b. 1928
  • 2012 – Roland Griffiths-Marsh, Australian soldier and author b. 1923
  • 1967 – Paul Whiteman, American violinist, composer, and conductor b. 1890
  • 2013 – Connie Dierking, American basketball player b. 1936
  • 1986 – Harold Macmillan, English captain and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom b. 1894
  • 1208 – Emperor Zhangzong of Jin, b. 1168
  • 1941 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician and scholar b. 1873
  • 2015 – Pavel Srnicek, Czech footballer and coach b. 1968
  • 1988 – Mike Beuttler, Egyptian race car driver b. 1940
  • 1910 – Reginald Doherty, English tennis player b. 1872
  • 2013 – Wojciech Kilar, Polish classical and film music composer b. 1932
  • 2016 – Keion Carpenter, American football defensive back b. 1977
  • 2004 – Ken Burkhart, American baseball player and umpire b. 1915
  • 1380 – Elizabeth of Poland, queen consort of Hungary b. 1305
  • 1900 – John Henry Leech, English entomologist b. 1862
  • 2016 – LaVell Edwards, American football head coach b. 1930
  • 1970 – Marie Menken, American director and painter b. 1909
  • 1661 – Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant, French poet b. 1594
  • 1825 – Jacques-Louis David, French painter and illustrator b. 1748
  • 1981 – Miroslav Krleza, Croatian author, poet, and playwright b. 1893
  • 2012 – Edward Meneeley, American painter and sculptor b. 1927
  • 2013 – Jagadish Mohanty, Indian author and translator b. 1951
  • 2014 – Hari Harilela, Indian-Hong Kong businessman and philanthropist b. 1922
  • 1924 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1845
  • 1972 – Joseph Cornell, American sculptor and director b. 1903
  • 2009 – Steven Williams, American professional wrestler b. 1960
  • 1606 – Stephen Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania b. 1557
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • David, King and prophet Catholic, Lutheran
  • Trophimus of Arles
  • December 29 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Christian feast day
  • Thomas Becket
  • Independence Day Mongolia
  • The fourth day of Kwanzaa United States
  • Constitution Day Ireland
  • The fifth day of Christmas Western Christianity

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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