Топ-100 ⓘ December 19. 1995 – The United States Government restores fe
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ⓘ December 19. 1995 – The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Native American tribe. 1941 – World W ..



December 19
                                     

ⓘ December 19

  • 1995 – The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Native American tribe.
  • 1941 – World War II: Adolf Hitler appoints himself as head of the Oberkommando des Heeres.
  • 1929 – The Indian National Congress promulgates the Purna Swaraj the Declaration of the Independence of India.
  • 1828 – Nullification crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
  • 2001 – A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa 32.06 inHg is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khovsgol, Mongolia.
  • 1946 – Start of the First Indochina War.
  • 1675 – The Great Swamp Fight, a pivotal battle in King Philips War, gives the English settlers a bitterly won victory.
  • 1932 – BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
  • 1945 – John Amery, British Fascist, is executed at the age of 33 by the British Government for treason.
  • 1154 – Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1981 – Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
  • 1927 – Three Indian revolutionaries, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh and Ashfaqulla Khan, are executed by the British Raj for participation in the Kakori conspiracy.
  • 1187 – Pope Clement III is elected.
  • 1776 – Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled "The American Crisis".
  • 1986 – Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the Soviet Union, releases Andrei Sakharov and his wife from exile in Gorky.
  • 1907 – Two hundred thirty-nine coal miners die in the Darr Mine Disaster in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania.
  • 1900 – Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appoints Sir William Lyne premier of the new state of New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign.
  • 2013 – Spacecraft Gaia is launched by European Space Agency.
  • 1997 – SilkAir Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104.
  • 1562 – The Battle of Dreux takes place during the French Wars of Religion.
  • 2000 – The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, Turkey, killing one person and injuring three.
  • 1956 – Irish-born physician John Bodkin Adams is arrested in connection with the suspicious deaths of more than 160 patients. Eventually he is convicted only of minor charges.
  • 1983 – The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 1606 – The ships Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery depart England carrying settlers who founded, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
  • 2016 – Russian ambassador to Turkey Andrei Karlov is assassinated while at an art exhibition in Ankara. The assassin, Mevlut Mert Altıntas, is shot and killed by a Turkish guard.
  • 1984 – The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997 is signed in Beijing, China by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
  • 1972 – Apollo program: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
  • 1920 – King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: George Washingtons Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
  • 1961 – India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
  • 2016 – A vehicular attack in Berlin, Germany, kills and injures multiple people at a Christmas market.
  • 1796 – French Revolutionary Wars: Two British frigates under Commodore Horatio Nelson and two Spanish frigates under Commodore Don Jacobo Stuart engage in battle off the coast of Murcia.
  • 2012 – Park Geun-hye is elected the first female president of South Korea.
  • 1967 – Harold Holt, the Prime Minister of Australia, is officially presumed dead.
  • 1490 – Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy.
  • 1974 – Nelson Rockefeller is sworn in as Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford under the provisions of the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 1912 – William Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over one thousand people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after ​ 3 1 ⁄ 2 years in Sing prison.
  • 1924 – German serial killer Fritz Haarmann is sentenced to death for a series of murders.
  • 1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 2001 – Argentine economic crisis: December riots: Riots erupt in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • 1941 – World War II: Limpet mines placed by Italian divers heavily damage HMS Valiant and HMS Queen Elizabeth in Alexandria harbour.
  • 1998 – President Bill Clinton is impeached by the United States House of Representatives, becoming the second President of the United States to be impeached.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1961 – Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949 – Sebastian, Danish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Calvin Andrew, English footballer
  • 1910 – Jean Genet, French novelist, playwright, and poet d. 1986
  • 1985 – Neil Kilkenny, English-Australian footballer
  • 1926 – Fikret Otyam, Turkish painter and journalist d. 2015
  • 1968 – Ken Marino, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1817 – James J. Archer, American lawyer and general d. 1864
  • 1587 – Dorothea Sophia, Abbess of Quedlinburg d. 1645
  • 1945 – Elaine Joyce, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1969 – Michael Bates, American sprinter and football player
  • 1957 – Cyril Collard, French actor, director, and composer d. 1993
  • 1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor and producer
  • 1955 – Lincoln Hall, Australian mountaineer and author d. 2012
  • 1940 – Phil Ochs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 1976
  • 1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress and television personality
  • 1930 – Knut Helle, Norwegian historian and professor d. 2015
  • 1924 – Edmund Purdom, British-Italian actor d. 2009
  • 1961 – Matthew Waterhouse, English actor and author
  • 1966 – Rajesh Chauhan, Indian cricketer
  • 1977 – LaTasha Jenkins, American sprinter
  • 1980 – Marla Sokoloff, American actress and musician
  • 1969 – Aziza Mustafa Zadeh, Azerbaijani composer, pianist, and singer
  • 1967 – Criss Angel, American magician
  • 1915 – Claudia Testoni, Italian hurdler, sprinter, and long jumper d. 1998
  • 1987 – Cedric Baseya, French-Congolese footballer
  • 1929 – Howard Sackler, American playwright and screenwriter d. 1982
  • 1986 – Miguel Lopes, Portuguese footballer
  • 1922 – Eamonn Andrews, Irish radio and television host d. 1987
  • 1924 – Doug Harvey, Canadian ice hockey player and coach d. 1989
  • 1918 – Professor Longhair, American singer-songwriter and pianist d. 1980
  • 1932 – Wayne Tippit, American actor d. 2009
  • 1966 – Eric Weinrich, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1963 – Jennifer Beals, American model and actress
  • 1923 – Robert V. Bruce, American historian and author d. 2008
  • 1944 – Steve Tyrell, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1946 – Rosemary Conley, English businesswoman, author, and broadcaster
  • 1873 – Alphonse Kirchhoffer, French fencer d. 1913
  • 1960 – Michelangelo Signorile, American journalist and author
  • 1931 – Ginger Stanley, American model, actress and stunt woman
  • 1994 – MBaye Niang, French footballer
  • 1969 – Richard Hammond, English journalist and producer
  • 1993 – Isiah Koech, Kenyan runner
  • 1991 – Declan Galbraith, English singer-songwriter
  • 1796 – Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Spanish poet, playwright, and critic d. 1873
  • 1935 – Joanne Weaver, American baseball player d. 2000
  • 1909 – W. A. Criswell, American pastor and author d. 2002
  • 1956 – Shane McEntee, Irish farmer and politician, Minister of State for Food, Horticulture and Food Safety d. 2012
  • 1903 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1996
  • 1899 – Martin Luther King Sr., American pastor, missionary, and activist d. 1984
  • 1935 – Bobby Timmons, American pianist and composer d. 1974
  • 1992 – Iker Muniain, Spanish footballer
  • 1989 – Hamza Riazuddin, English cricketer
  • 1907 – Jimmy McLarnin, Irish-American boxer, actor, and golfer d. 2004
  • 1797 – Antoine Louis Duges, French obstetrician and naturalist d. 1838
  • 1956 – Phil Harris, American captain and fisherman d. 2010
  • 1923 – Gordon Jackson, Scottish-English actor and singer d. 1990
  • 1985 – Lady Sovereign, English rapper
  • 1901 – Oliver La Farge, American anthropologist and author d. 1963
  • 1932 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican author, poet, playwright, and critic d. 2006
  • 1927 – James Booth, English actor and screenwriter d. 2005
  • 1498 – Andreas Osiander, German Protestant theologian d. 1552
  • 1985 – Sally Kipyego, Kenyan runner
  • 1916 – Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann, German political scientist, journalist, and academic d. 2010
  • 1971 – Karen Pickering, English swimmer
  • 1973 – Zulfiya Zabirova, Russian cyclist
  • 1888 – Fritz Reiner, Hungarian-American conductor d. 1963
  • 1974 – Ricky Ponting, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1975 – Dean Treister, Australian rugby league player
  • 1954 – Tim Parks, English author and translator
  • 1929 – Gregory Carroll, American singer-songwriter and producer d. 2013
  • 1928 – Eve Bunting, Irish-American author and academic
  • 1987 – Karim Benzema, French footballer
  • 1920 – Little Jimmy Dickens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2015
  • 1901 – Rudolf Hell, German engineer, invented the Hellschreiber d. 2002
  • 1966 – Chuckii Booker, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1891 – Edward Bernard Raczynski, Polish politician and diplomat, 4th President-in-exile of Poland d. 1993
  • 1947 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish bass player and songwriter d. 2016
  • 1926 – Bobby Layne, American football player and coach d. 1986
  • 1983 – Matt Stajan, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1699 – William Bowyer, English printer d. 1777
  • 1853 – Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec d. 1942
  • 1941 – Maurice White, American singer-songwriter and producer d. 2016
  • 1956 – Tom Lawless, American baseball player and manager
  • 1894 – Ford Frick, American journalist and businessman d. 1978
  • 1991 – Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1957 – Kevin McHale, American basketball player, coach, and manager
  • 1942 – Cornell Dupree, American guitarist d. 2011
  • 1990 – Torrey Craig, American basketball player
  • 1820 – Mary Livermore, American journalist and activist d. 1905
  • 1964 – Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1944 – Martin Hume Johnson, English physiologist and academic
  • 1958 – Steven Isserlis, English cellist and author
  • 1941 – Lee Myung-bak, South Korean businessman and politician, 10th President of South Korea
  • 1934 – Pratibha Patil, Indian lawyer and politician, 12th President of India
  • 1925 – William Schutz, American psychologist and academic d. 2002
  • 1970 – Tyson Beckford, American model and actor
  • 1983 – Laura Pomeroy, Canadian swimmer
  • 1987 – Ronan Farrow, American activist, journalist, and lawyer
  • 1983 – Bridget Phillipson, English politician
  • 1993 – Young K, South Korean singer-songwriter
  • 1895 – Ingeborg Refling Hagen, Norwegian author and educator d. 1989
  • 1974 – Joe Jurevicius, American football player
  • 1989 – Kousei Miura, Japanese jockey
  • 1986 – Ryan Babel, Dutch footballer
  • 1951 – Alan Rouse, English mountaineer and author d. 1986
  • 1944 – Zal Yanovsky, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2002
  • 1959 – Ivan Vallejo, Ecuadorian mountaineer
  • 1973 – Erick Wainaina, Kenyan runner
  • 1954 – Jeff Allam, English race car driver
  • 1992 – Raphael Spiegel, Swiss footballer
  • 1920 – David Susskind, American talk show host and producer d. 1987
  • 1973 – Michalis Grigoriou, Greek footballer and coach
  • 1975 – Jeremy Soule, Canadian composer
  • 1930 – Wally Olins, English businessman and academic d. 2014
  • 1986 – Zuzana Hejnova, Czech hurdler
  • 1981 – Gregory Dufer, Belgian footballer
  • 1984 – Ian Kennedy, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Nektarios Alexandrou, Cypriot footballer
  • 1933 – Kevan Gosper, Australian runner and politician
  • 1914 – Mel Shaw, American animator and screenwriter d. 2012
  • 1977 – Jorge Garbajosa, Spanish basketball player
  • 1988 – Peter Winn, English footballer
  • 1861 – Italo Svevo, Italian author and playwright d. 1928
  • 1876 – Bernard Friedberg, Austrian-Israeli scholar and author d. 1961
  • 1962 – Gary Fleder, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1989 – Yong Jun-hyung, South Korean singer-songwriter, rapper and producer
  • 1994 – Maudy Ayunda, Indonesian actress and singer-songwriter
  • 1989 – Michal Maslowski, Polish footballer
  • 1985 – Dan Logan, English bass player
  • 1978 – Patrick Casey, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Charles Austin, American high jumper
  • 1944 – Mitchell Feigenbaum, American physicist and mathematician d. 2019
  • 1825 – George Frederick Bristow, American violinist and composer d. 1898
  • 1943 – James L. Jones, American general and politician, 22nd United States National Security Advisor
  • 1683 – Philip V of Spain d. 1746
  • 1985 – Gary Cahill, English footballer
  • 1944 – Alvin Lee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2013
  • 1849 – Henry Clay Frick, American businessman and financier d. 1919
  • 1884 – Antonin Zapotocky, Czech politician, President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic d. 1957
  • 1966 – Alberto Tomba, Italian skier
  • 1965 – Chito Martinez, Belizean-American baseball player
  • 1944 – Tim Reid, American actor and director
  • 1915 – Edith Piaf, French singer-songwriter and actress d. 1963
  • 1918 – Lee Rich, American producer and production manager d. 2012
  • 1916 – Roy Ward Baker, English director and producer d. 2010
  • 1932 – Lola Hendricks, African American civil rights activist d. 2013
  • 1982 – Mo Williams, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Brandon Sanderson, American author and academic
  • 1831 – Bernice Pauahi Bishop, American philanthropist d. 1884
  • 1951 – Mohammad Reza Aref, Iranian engineer and politician, 2nd Vice President of Iran
  • 1990 – Greg Bretz, American snowboarder
  • 1929 – Bob Brookmeyer, American trombonist, pianist, and composer d. 2011
  • 1863 – Wallace Bryant, American archer d. 1953
  • 1949 – Orna Berry, Israeli computer scientist and businesswoman
  • 1952 – Walter Murphy, American pianist and composer
  • 1554 – Philip William, Prince of Orange d. 1618
  • 1924 – Michel Tournier, French journalist and author d. 2016
  • 1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-American physicist, chemist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1931
  • 1974 – Jake Plummer, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1924 – Cicely Tyson, American actress
  • 1865 – Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress and playwright d. 1932
  • 1906 – Leonid Brezhnev, Ukrainian-Russian marshal, engineer, and politician, 4th Head of State of the Soviet Union d. 1982
  • 1964 – Beatrice Dalle, French actress
  • 1974 – Eduard Ivakdalam, Indonesian footballer
  • 1925 – Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter and screenwriter d. 2012
  • 1944 – William Christie, American-French harpsichord player and conductor
  • 1974 – Felipe Lopez, Dominican-American basketball player
  • 1948 – Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1902 – Ralph Richardson, English actor d. 1983
  • 1996 – Franck Kessie, Ivorian footballer
  • 1714 – John Winthrop, American astronomer and educator d. 1779
  • 1983 – Casey Crescenzo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1925 – Tankred Dorst, German author and playwright d. 2017
  • 1901 – Fritz Mauruschat, German footballer and manager d. 1974
  • 1979 – Rafael Soriano, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975 – Makis Belevonis, Greek footballer
  • 1929 – David Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish potter
  • 1969 – Nayan Mongia, Indian cricketer
  • 1988 – Alexis Sanchez, Chilean footballer
  • 1343 – William I, Margrave of Meissen d. 1407
  • 1977 – Irina Voronina, Russian model
  • 1986 – Ingrid Burley, American rapper and songwriter
  • 1943 – Ross M. Lence, American political scientist and academic d. 2006
  • 1945 – John McEuen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1950 – Eleanor J. Hill, American lawyer and diplomat
  • 1933 – Christopher Smout, Scottish historian and academic
  • 1778 – Marie Therese of France d. 1851
  • 1944 – Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist and politician
  • 1946 – Robert Urich, American actor and producer d. 2002
  • 1960 – Derrick Jensen, American author and activist
  • 1924 – Carlo Chiti, Italian engineer d. 1994
  • 1963 – Til Schweiger, German actor, director, and producer
  • 1986 – Lazaros Christodoulopoulos, Greek footballer
  • 1958 – Limahl, English pop singer
  • 1875 – Mileva Maric, Serbian physicist d. 1948
  • 1905 – Giovanni Lurani, Italian race car driver, engineer, and journalist d. 1995
  • 1942 – "Mean Gene" Okerlund, American sports announcer d. 2019
  • 1961 – Reggie White, American football player and wrestler d. 2004
  • 1985 – Andrea Baldini, Italian fencer
  • 1928 – Nathan Oliveira, American painter and sculptor d. 2010
  • 1905 – Irving Kahn, American businessman d. 2015
  • 1975 – Olivier Tebily, Ivorian-French footballer
  • 1875 – Carter G. Woodson, American historian and author, founded Black History Month d. 1950
  • 1968 – Kristina Keneally, American-Australian politician, 42nd Premier of New South Wales
  • 1949 – Claudia Kolb, American swimmer
  • 1979 – Kevin Devine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1934 – Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American lawyer and politician
  • 1924 – Gary Morton, American comedian and producer d. 1999
  • 1955 – Rob Portman, American lawyer and politician
  • 1875 – Grace Marie Bareis, American mathematician d. 1962
  • 1964 – Lorie Kane, Canadian golfer
  • 1959 – Lisa Wilkinson, Australian television host and journalist
  • 1969 – Tom Gugliotta, American basketball player
  • 1934 – Al Kaline, American baseball player and sportscaster
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2009 – Kim Peek, American megasavant b. 1951
  • 1851 – Joseph Mallord William Turner, English painter b. 1775
  • 1997 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony b. 1908
  • 1442 – Elizabeth of Luxembourg b. 1409
  • 2003 – Hope Lange, American actress b. 1933
  • 1111 – Al-Ghazali, Iranian jurist, philosopher, and mystic b. 1058
  • 1749 – Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer b. 1672
  • 1558 – Cornelius Grapheus, Flemish writer b. 1482
  • 1986 – Werner Dankwort, Russian-German colonel and diplomat b. 1895
  • 2012 – Robert Bork, American lawyer, judge, and scholar, United States Attorney General b. 1927
  • 2014 – Philip Bradbourn, English lawyer and politician b. 1951
  • 2014 – Dick Thornton, American-Canadian football player and coach b. 1939
  • 1972 – Ahmet Emin Yalman, Turkish journalist, author, and academic b. 1888
  • 2000 – Milt Hinton, American bassist and photographer b. 1910
  • 1938 – Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American lawyer and politician b. 1873
  • 2008 – Dock Ellis, American baseball player and coach b. 1945
  • 2012 – Larry Morris, American football player b. 1933
  • 1982 – Dwight Macdonald, American philosopher, author, and critic b. 1906
  • 1933 – George Jackson Churchward, English engineer and businessman b. 1857
  • 2008 – Carol Chomsky, American linguist and educator b. 1930
  • 1327 – Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy b. 1260
  • 1899 – Henry Ware Lawton, American general b. 1843
  • 1984 – Joy Ridderhof, American missionary b. 1903
  • 1988 – Robert Bernstein, American author and playwright b. 1919
  • 1986 – V. C. Andrews, American author b. 1923
  • 1927 – Ashfaqulla Khan, Indian activist b. 1900
  • 2015 – Karin Soder, Swedish educator and politician, 33rd Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs b. 1928
  • 1741 – Vitus Bering, Danish-Russian hydrographer and explorer b. 1681
  • 2013 – Ned Vizzini, American author and screenwriter b. 1981
  • 2005 – Vincent Gigante, American mobster b. 1927
  • 1745 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter b. 1684
  • 2015 – Jimmy Hill, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster b. 1928
  • 2004 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano and actress b. 1922
  • 2002 – Arthur Rowley, English footballer and manager b. 1926
  • 2012 – Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli general and politician, 22nd Transportation Minister of Israel b. 1944
  • 1927 – Ram Prasad Bismil, Indian poet and activist b. 1897
  • 1385 – Bernabo Visconti, Lord of Milan b. 1319
  • 1997 – Jimmy Rogers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1924
  • 401 – Pope Anastasius I
  • 1946 – Paul Langevin, French physicist and academic b. 1872
  • 1997 – Sara Northrup Hollister, American occultist b. 1924
  • 1932 – Yun Bong-gil, South Korean activist b. 1908
  • 1976 – Giuseppe Caselli, Italian painter b. 1893
  • 2015 – Greville Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone, Welsh-English lawyer and politician b. 1928
  • 1953 – Robert Andrews Millikan, American physicist and eugenicist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1868
  • 2013 – Al Goldstein, American publisher and pornographer b. 1936
  • 1991 – Joe Cole, American roadie and author b. 1961
  • 1848 – Emily Bronte, English novelist and poet b. 1818
  • 1999 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh soldier and actor b. 1914
  • 1123 – Saint Berardo, Italian bishop and saint
  • 1915 – Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist b. 1864
  • 1944 – Abbas II of Egypt b. 1874
  • 2013 – Winton Dean, English musicologist and author b. 1916
  • 1916 – Thibaw Min, Burmese king b. 1859
  • 2016 – Andrei Karlov, Russian diplomat, Ambassador to Turkey b. 1954
  • 1807 – Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, German-French author and playwright b. 1723
  • 1944 – Rudolph Karstadt, German businessman b. 1856
  • 2008 – James Bevel, American minister and activist b. 1936
  • 1968 – Norman Thomas, American minister and politician b. 1884
  • 2004 – Herbert C. Brown, English-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1912
  • 1819 – Thomas Fremantle, English admiral and politician b. 1765
  • 1813 – James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded McGill University b. 1744
  • 2003 – Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer, founded Carter-Ruck b. 1914
  • 1989 – Kirill Mazurov, Belarusian Soviet politician b. 1914
  • 1989 – Stella Gibbons, English journalist, author, and poet b. 1902
  • 2014 – S. Balasubramanian, Indian journalist and director b. 1936
  • 1091 – Adelaide of Susa, margravine of Turin
  • 2002 – George Weller, American author, playwright, and journalist b. 1907
  • 2000 – John Lindsay, American lawyer and politician, 103rd Mayor of New York City b. 1921
  • 1878 – Bayard Taylor, American author and poet b. 1825
  • 1370 – Pope Urban V b. 1310
  • 2014 – Arthur Gardner, American actor and producer b. 1910
  • 2014 – Roberta Leigh Rita Shulman Lewin, British writer, artist and TV producer b. 1926.
  • 2002 – Will Hoy, English race car driver b. 1952
  • 2000 – Rob Buck, American guitarist and songwriter b. 1958
  • 1996 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian-French actor and singer b. 1924
  • 966 – Sancho I, king of Leon
  • 1987 – August Malk, Estonian author, playwright, and politician b. 1900
  • 1637 – Christina of Lorraine, Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany b. 1565
  • 2008 – Michael Connell, American political consultant b. 1963
  • 1993 – Michael Clarke, American drummer b. 1946
  • 2012 – Peter Struck, German lawyer and politician, 13th German Federal Minister of Defence b. 1943
  • 2014 – Igor Rodionov, Russian general and politician, 3rd Russian Minister of Defence b. 1936
  • 2010 – Anthony Howard, English journalist and author b. 1934
  • 1998 – Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter b. 1922
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Saint Nicholas Day
  • Lillian Trasher Episcopal Church
  • Pope Anastasius I
  • Christian feast day
  • Pope Urban V
  • December 19 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • O Radix
  • Goa Liberation Day Goa, India
  • National Heroes and Heroines Day Anguilla

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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