Топ-100 ⓘ December 2. 1942 – World War II: During the Manhattan Projec
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ⓘ December 2. 1942 – World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. ..



December 2
                                     

ⓘ December 2

  • 1942 – World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first artificial self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1867 – At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
  • 1899 – Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • 1962 – Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the wars progress.
  • 1957 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 126 relating to Kashmir conflict is adopted.
  • 1845 – Manifest destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
  • 1244 – Pope Innocent IV arrives at Lyon for the First Council of Lyon.
  • 1930 – Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a $150 million equivalent to $2.296.000.000 in 2019 public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
  • 1991 – Canada and Poland become the first nations to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.
  • 1993 – Space Shuttle program: STS-61: NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
  • 1697 – St Pauls Cathedral is consecrated in London.
  • 1971 – Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm al-Quwain form the United Arab Emirates.
  • 1954 – The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1763 – Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.
  • 1956 – The Granma reaches the shores of Cubas Oriente Province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Battle of the Chongchon River ended, with decisive Chinese victory, UN forces were completely expelled from North Korea.
  • 1851 – French President Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic.
  • 1947 – Jerusalem Riots of 1947: Riots break out in Jerusalem in response to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
  • 1943 – World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
  • 1805 – War of the Third Coalition: Battle of Austerlitz: French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.
  • 1859 – Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
  • 1804 – At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French.
  • 1865 – Alabama ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed by North Carolina then Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks
  • 1409 – The University of Leipzig opens.
  • 1970 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
  • 1939 – New York Citys LaGuardia Airport opens.
  • 1993 – Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellin.
  • 1982 – At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
  • 1975 – Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic.
  • 1852 – Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.
  • 1823 – Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.
  • 2016 – Thirty-six people die in a fire at a converted Oakland, California, warehouse serving as an artist collective.
  • 1848 – Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria.
  • 1954 – Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".
  • 1961 – In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.
  • 2015 – San Bernardino attack: Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 people and wound 22 at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.
  • 1766 – Swedish parliament approved the Swedish Freedom of the Press Act and implemented it as a ground law, thus being first in the world with freedom of speech.
  • 2001 – Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • 1927 – Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile.
  • 1949 – Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others is adopted.
  • 1980 – Salvadoran Civil War: Four American missionaries are raped and murdered by a death squad.
  • 1999 – The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive following the Good Friday Agreement.
  • 1989 – The Peace Agreement of Hat Yai is signed and ratified by the Malayan Communist Party MCP and the governments of Malaysia and Thailand, ending the over two-decade-long communist insurgency in Malaysia.
  • 1976 – Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado.
  • 1917 – World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.
  • 1908 – Puyi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two.
  • 1988 – Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1995 – Uladzislau Hancharou, Belarusian trampolinist
  • 1825 – Pedro II of Brazil d. 1891
  • 1977 – Siyabonga Nomvethe, South African footballer
  • 1970 – Maksim Tarasov, Russian pole vaulter
  • 1909 – Walenty Klyszejko, Estonian–Polish basketball player and coach d. 1987
  • 1945 – Penelope Spheeris, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian political scientist and academic
  • 503 – Emperor Jianwen of Liang, emperor of the Chinese Liang dynasty d. 551
  • 1960 – Rick Savage, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1924 – Jonathan Frid, Canadian actor d. 2012
  • 1957 – Dagfinn Hoybråten, Norwegian political scientist and politician, Norwegian Minister of Health
  • 1924 – Vilgot Sjoman, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2006
  • 1946 – John Banks, New Zealand businessman and politician, 38th Mayor of Auckland City
  • 1941 – Mike England, Welsh footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Sergejs Zoltoks, Latvian ice hockey player d. 2004
  • 1979 – Michael McIndoe, Scottish footballer
  • 1947 – Tommy Jenkins, English footballer and manager
  • 1906 – Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer d. 1977
  • 1811 – Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian farmer and politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Agriculture d. 1885
  • 1924 – Alexander Haig, American general and politician, 59th United States Secretary of State d. 2010
  • 1958 – George Saunders, American short story writer and essayist
  • 1946 – David Macaulay, English-American author and illustrator
  • 1929 – Dan Jenkins, American journalist and author d. 2019
  • 1922 – Iakovos Kambanelis, Greek author, poet, and screenwriter d. 2011
  • 1939 – Harry Reid, American lawyer and politician, 25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
  • 1948 – T. Coraghessan Boyle, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1980 – Darryn Randall, South African cricketer d. 2013
  • 1983 – Aaron Rodgers, American football player
  • 1960 – Razzle, English rock drummer d. 1984
  • 1898 – Indra Lal Roy, Indian lieutenant and first Indian fighter aircraft pilot d. 1918
  • 1916 – Howard Finster, American minister and painter d. 2001
  • 1935 – David Hackett Fischer, American historian, author, and academic
  • 1969 – Ulrika Bergquist, Swedish journalist
  • 1846 – Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French lawyer and politician, 68th Prime Minister of France d. 1904
  • 1939 – Yael Dayan, Israeli journalist, author, and politician
  • 1994 – Cauley Woodrow, English footballer
  • 1986 – Adam le Fondre, English footballer
  • 1952 – Carol Shea-Porter, American social worker, academic, and politician
  • 1988 – Fuse ODG, English recording artist
  • 1863 – Charles Edward Ringling, American businessman, co-founded the Ringling Brothers Circus d. 1926
  • 1995 – Inori Minase, Japanese actress, voice actress and singer
  • 1703 – Ferdinand Konscak, Croatian missionary and explorer d. 1759
  • 1980 – Adam Kreek, Canadian rower
  • 1891 – Otto Dix, German painter and illustrator d. 1969
  • 1937 – Manohar Joshi, Indian lawyer and politician, 15th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
  • 1986 – Claudiu Keșeru, Romanian footballer
  • 1986 – Edson Decimo Alves Araujo, Brazilian footballer d. 2014
  • 1990 – Hikaru Yaotome, Japanese idol, singer, model and actor
  • 1985 – Dorell Wright, American basketball player
  • 1930 – Gary Becker, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2014
  • 1991 – Charlie Puth, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1914 – Bill Erwin, American actor d. 2010
  • 1694 – William Shirley, English-American lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay d. 1771
  • 1978 – Andrew Ryan, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1990 – Fausto Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Gary Sanchez, Dominican baseball player
  • 1738 – Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general d. 1775
  • 1967 – Mary Creagh, English scholar and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Transport
  • 1981 – Eric Jungmann, American actor
  • 1885 – George Minot, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1950
  • 1931 – Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese martial artist and educator, founded Bujinkan
  • 1979 – Abdul Razzaq, Pakistani cricketer
  • 1948 – Toninho Horta, Brazilian guitarist and composer
  • 1982 – Matt Ware, American football player
  • 1894 – Warren William, American actor d. 1948
  • 1817 – Heinrich von Sybel, German historian, academic, and politician d. 1895
  • 1884 – Yahya Kemal Beyatlı, Turkish poet and author d. 1958
  • 1847 – Deacon White, American baseball player and manager d. 1939
  • 1971 – Mine Yoshizaki, Japanese illustrator
  • 1866 – Harry Burleigh, American singer-songwriter d. 1949
  • 1968 – Lucy Liu, American actress and producer
  • 1940 – Willie Brown, American football player, coach, and manager d. 2019
  • 1923 – Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano and actress d. 1977
  • 1976 – Eddy Garabito, Dominican baseball player
  • 1947 – Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist and author
  • 1501 – Queen Munjeong, Korean queen d. 1565
  • 1989 – Cassie Steele, Canadian singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1993 – Kostas Stafylidis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Veronika Kapshay, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1989 – Etta Bond, English singer-songwriter
  • 1909 – Arvo Askola, Finnish runner d. 1975
  • 1934 – Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player d. 2004
  • 1973 – Jan Ullrich, German cyclist
  • 1994 – Fumika Shimizu, Japanese actress and model
  • 1963 – Ron Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Rachel McQuillan, Australian tennis player
  • 1946 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer, founded Versace d. 1997
  • 1900 – Herta Hammerbacher, German landscape architect and professor d. 1985
  • 1928 – Guy Bourdin, French photographer d. 1991
  • 1944 – Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovan journalist and politician, 1st President of Kosovo d. 2006
  • 1860 – Charles Studd, England cricketer and missionary d. 1931
  • 1989 – Matteo Darmian, Italian footballer
  • 1983 – Jana Kramer, American actress and singer
  • 1990 – Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu, Ghanaian footballer
  • 1930 – David Piper, English race car driver
  • 1988 – Stephen McGinn, Scottish footballer
  • 1944 – Botho StrauS, German author and playwright
  • 1629 – William Egon of Furstenberg, Catholic cardinal d. 1704
  • 1981 – Danijel Pranjic, Croatian footballer
  • 1754 – William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York d. 1809
  • 1966 – Jinsei Shinzaki, Japanese wrestler and promoter, co-founded Sendai Girls Pro Wrestling
  • 1986 – Tal Wilkenfeld, Australian bass player and composer
  • 1969 – Pavel Loskutov, Estonian runner
  • 1983 – Bibiana Candelas, Mexican volleyball player
  • 1944 – Dionysis Savvopoulos, Greek singer-songwriter
  • 1984 – Peter Mate, Hungarian footballer
  • 1994 – Tomokaze Yūta, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1945 – Alan Thomson, Australian cricketer
  • 1931 – Edwin Meese, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 75th United States Attorney General
  • 1899 – John Cobb, English race car driver and pilot d. 1952
  • 1929 – Leon Litwack, American historian and author
  • 1978 – David Rivas, Spanish footballer
  • 1895 – Harriet Cohen, English pianist d. 1967
  • 1973 – Monica Seles, Serbian-American tennis player
  • 1968 – Darryl Kile, American baseball player d. 2002
  • 1968 – Rena Sofer, American actress
  • 1933 – Mike Larrabee, American sprinter and educator d. 2003
  • 1910 – Taisto Maki, Finnish runner d. 1979
  • 1993 – Haruka Ishida, Japanese singer and actress
  • 1958 – Andrew George, English politician
  • 1948 – Patricia Hewitt, Australian-English educator and politician, English Secretary of State for Health
  • 1901 – Raimundo Orsi, Argentinian-Italian footballer d. 1986
  • 1884 – Erima Harvey Northcroft, New Zealand soldier, lawyer, and judge d. 1953
  • 1991 – Chloe Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian skier
  • 1941 – Tom McGuinness, English guitarist, songwriter, author, and producer
  • 1897 – Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer and political activist d. 1987
  • 1976 – Masafumi Gotoh, Japanese singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1982 – Christos Karipidis, Greek footballer
  • 1986 – Song Ha-yoon, South Korean actress
  • 1948 – Antonin Panenka, Czech footballer
  • 1963 – Ann Patchett, American author
  • 1971 – Wilson Jermaine Heredia, American actor and singer
  • 1990 – Jamille Matt, Jamaican footballer
  • 1959 – Kelefa Diallo, Guinean general d. 2013
  • 1983 – Chris Burke, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Jarron Collins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1934 – Tarcisio Bertone, Italian cardinal
  • 1988 – Alfred Enoch, English actor
  • 1915 – Takahito, Prince Mikasa of Japan d. 2016
  • 1983 – Jaime Duran, Mexican footballer
  • 1978 – Luigi Malafronte, Italian footballer
  • 1599 – Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin, Scottish nobleman d. 1663
  • 1958 – Vladimir Parfenovich, Belarusian canoe racer and politician
  • 1912 – George Emmett, English cricketer and coach d. 1976
  • 1948 – Elizabeth Berg, American nurse and author
  • 1891 – Charles H. Wesley, American historian and author d. 1987
  • 1983 – Daniela Ruah, Portuguese-American actress
  • 1995 – Joe Stimson, Australian rugby league player
  • 1931 – Nigel Calder, English journalist, author, and screenwriter d. 2014
  • 1909 – Joseph P. Lash, American activist and author d. 1987
  • 1969 – Tanya Plibersek, Australian journalist and politician, 45th Australian Minister of Health
  • 1975 – Mark Kotsay, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Christopher Wolstenholme, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1876 – Yusuf Akçura, Tatar-Turkish activist and ideologue of Turanism d. 1935
  • 1943 – Wayne Allard, American veterinarian and politician
  • 1981 – Maria Ferekidi, Greek canoe racer
  • 1981 – Britney Spears, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
  • 1760 – Joseph Graetz, German organist, composer, and educator d. 1826
  • 1960 – Peter Blakeley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1973 – Graham Kavanagh, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Jason Collins, American basketball player
  • 1899 – John Barbirolli, English cellist and conductor d. 1970
  • 1933 – Peter Robin Harding, English marshal and pilot
  • 1950 – Benjamin Stora, Algerian-French historian and author
  • 1859 – Georges Seurat, French painter d. 1891
  • 1956 – Steven Bauer, Cuban-American actor and producer
  • 1917 – Sylvia Syms, American singer d. 1992
  • 1578 – Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer and theorist d. 1641
  • 1963 – Rich Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player and scout
  • 1968 – David Batty, English footballer
  • 1913 – Marc Platt, American actor, singer, and dancer d. 2014
  • 1969 – Chris Kiwomya, English footballer
  • 1899 – Ray Morehart, American baseball player d. 1989
  • 1968 – Nate Mendel, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1971 – Francesco Toldo, Italian footballer
  • 1954 – Dan Butler, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Treach, American rapper and actor
  • 1910 – Russell Lynes, American photographer, historian, and author d. 1991
  • 1921 – Carlo Furno, Italian cardinal d. 2015
  • 1962 – John Dyegh, Nigerian businessman and politician
  • 1990 – Gaston Ramirez, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1971 – Juri Reinvere, Estonian-German composer and poet
  • 1969 – Yang Hyun-suk, South Korean singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1985 – Amaury Leveaux, French swimmer
  • 1827 – William Burges, English architect and designer d. 1881
  • 1897 – Ivan Bagramyan, Russian general d. 1982
  • 1946 – Pedro Borbon, Dominican-American baseball player d. 2012
  • 1978 – Nelly Furtado, Canadian singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1950 – John Wesley Ryles, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1924 – Else Marie Pade, Danish composer d. 2016
  • 1914 – Adolph Green, American playwright and composer d. 2002
  • 1963 – Brendan Coyle, English actor
  • 1965 – Shane Flanagan, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1998 – Juice Wrld, American rapper d. 2019
  • 1966 – Philippe Etchebest, French chef and television host
  • 1900 – Elisa Godinez Gomez de Batista, First Lady of Cuba from 1940 to 1944 d. 1993
  • 1973 – Lee Steele, English footballer
  • 1760 – John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General d. 1806
  • 1979 – Yvonne Catterfeld, German singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1931 – Wynton Kelly, American pianist and composer d. 1971
  • 1925 – Julie Harris, American actress d. 2013
  • 1950 – Paul Watson, Canadian activist, founded the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
  • 1759 – James Edward Smith, English botanist and mycologist, founded the Linnean Society d. 1828
  • 1810 – Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle d. 1892
  • 1978 – Maelle Ricker, Canadian snowboarder
  • 1978 – Peter Moylan, Australian baseball player
  • 1942 – Anna G. Jonasdottir, Icelandic political scientist and academic
  • 1939 – Francis Fox, Canadian lawyer and politician, 48th Secretary of State for Canada
  • 1947 – Isaac Bitton, Moroccan-French drummer and songwriter
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2009 – Eric Woolfson, Scottish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer b. 1945
  • 2005 – Van Tuong Nguyen, Australian convicted drug trafficker b. 1980
  • 2008 – Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress b. 1930
  • 1022 – Elvira Menendez, queen of Alfonso V of Castile b. 996
  • 2008 – Edward Samuel Rogers, Canadian lawyer and businessman b. 1933
  • 1966 – L. E. J. Brouwer, Dutch mathematician and philosopher b. 1881
  • 2008 – Henry Molaison, American memory disorder patient b. 1926
  • 1748 – Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, Lord President of the Council b. 1662
  • 1990 – Robert Cummings, American actor, director, and producer b. 1908
  • 1924 – Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian linguist and philologist b. 1879
  • 1999 – Charlie Byrd, American guitarist b. 1925
  • 1881 – Jenny von Westphalen, German author b. 1814
  • 1997 – Shirley Crabtree, English wrestler b. 1930
  • 2013 – William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi b. 1928
  • 2007 – Jennifer Alexander, Canadian-American ballerina and actress b. 1972
  • 1980 – Chaudhry Muhammad Ali, Indian-Pakistani lawyer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Pakistan b. 1905
  • 1892 – Jay Gould, American businessman and financier b. 1836
  • 1981 – Wallace Harrison, American architect, co-founded Harrison & Abramovitz b. 1895
  • 1982 – Marty Feldman, English actor and comedian b. 1933
  • 1943 – Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian journalist and author b. 1902
  • 1990 – Aaron Copland, American composer and conductor b. 1900
  • 1985 – Philip Larkin, English poet, author, and librarian b. 1922
  • 2013 – Marcelo Deda, Brazilian lawyer and politician b. 1960
  • 1694 – Pierre Puget, French painter, sculptor, and architect b. 1622
  • 1747 – Vincent Bourne, English poet and scholar b. 1695
  • 1944 – Josef Lhevinne, Russian pianist and educator b. 1874
  • 1859 – John Brown, American abolitionist b. 1800
  • 1987 – Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich, Belarusian physicist, astronomer, and cosmologist b. 1914
  • 2014 – Josie Cichockyj, English basketball player and coach b. 1964
  • 2015 – Will McMillan, American actor, director, and producer b. 1944
  • 1995 – Maria Telkes, Hungarian–American biophysicist and chemist b. 1900
  • 1455 – Isabel of Coimbra, queen of Portugal b. 1432
  • 2005 – William P. Lawrence, American admiral and pilot b. 1930
  • 1995 – Roxie Roker, American actress b. 1929
  • 1885 – Allen Wright, Principal chief of the Choctaw Nation 1866-1870; proposed the name "Oklahoma", from Choctaw words okra and umma, meaning "Territory of the Red People." b. 1826
  • 1931 – Vincent dIndy, French composer and educator b. 1851
  • 1976 – Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager b. 1917
  • 2015 – George T. Sakato, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient b. 1921
  • 1957 – Manfred Sakel, Ukrainian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist b. 1902
  • 2003 – Alan Davidson, British soldier, historian, and author b. 1924
  • 1986 – Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor, singer, businessman, and television producer b. 1917
  • 1918 – Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright b. 1868
  • 1993 – Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord b. 1949
  • 1966 – Giles Cooper, Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter b. 1918
  • 1936 – John Ringling, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus b. 1866
  • 1726 – Samuel Penhallow, English-American historian and author b. 1665
  • 1665 – Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French author b. 1588
  • 2014 – Bobby Keys, American saxophonist b. 1943
  • 1719 – Pasquier Quesnel, French theologian and author b. 1634
  • 1615 – Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general b. 1541
  • 1957 – Harrison Ford, American actor b. 1884
  • 1510 – Muhammad Shaybani, Khan of Bukhara b. 1451
  • 2014 – Jean Beliveau, Canadian ice hockey player b. 1931
  • 1849 – Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen b. 1792
  • 2015 – Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor b. 1945
  • 2004 – Mona Van Duyn, American poet and academic b. 1921
  • 2009 – Foge Fazio, American football player and coach b. 1938
  • 1381 – John of Ruusbroec, Flemish priest and mystic b. 1293
  • 1463 – Albert VI, Archduke of Austria b. 1418
  • 1844 – Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician b. 1768
  • 2002 – Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher b. 1926
  • 537 – Pope Silverius
  • 2006 – Mariska Veres, Dutch singer b. 1947
  • 2008 – Renato de Grandis, Italian composer, musicologist, and writer b. 1927
  • 1547 – Hernan Cortes, Spanish general and explorer b. 1485
  • 1974 – Max Weber, Swiss lawyer and politician b. 1897
  • 1953 – Reginald Baker, Australian rugby player b. 1884
  • 1899 – Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general and politician, 1st Governor of Bulacan b. 1875
  • 930 – Ma Yin, Chinese warlord, king of Chu Ten Kingdoms b. 853
  • 1348 – Emperor Hanazono of Japan b. 1297
  • 1982 – Giovanni Ferrari, Italian footballer and manager b. 1907
  • 1944 – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Egyptian-Italian poet and composer b. 1876
  • 1340 – Geoffrey le Scrope, Chief Justice of King Edward III of England
  • 1983 – Fifi DOrsay, Canadian-American actress and singer b. 1904
  • 2012 – Ehsan Naraghi, Iranian sociologist and author b. 1926
  • 2012 – Tom Hendry, Canadian playwright, co-founded the Manitoba Theatre Centre b. 1929
  • 1995 – Robertson Davies, Canadian author, playwright, and critic b. 1913
  • 1988 – Tata Giacobetti, Italian singer-songwriter b. 1922
  • 1515 – Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, Spanish general b. 1453
  • 1950 – Dinu Lipatti, Romanian pianist and composer b. 1917
  • 1814 – Marquis de Sade, French philosopher, author, and politician b. 1740
  • 2000 – Gail Fisher, American actress b. 1935
  • 1980 – Romain Gary, Lithuanian-French author, director, and screenwriter b. 1914
  • 2013 – Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-French engineer and businessman, founded Orangina b. 1925
  • 1774 – Johann Friedrich Agricola, German organist and composer b. 1720
  • 1969 – Kliment Voroshilov, Ukrainian-Russian marshal and politician, 3rd Head of State of The Soviet Union b. 1881
  • 1888 – Namık Kemal, Turkish journalist, poet, and playwright b. 1840
  • 1953 – Trần Trong Kim, Vietnamese historian, scholar, and politician, Prime Minister of Vietnam b. 1883
  • 2004 – Alicia Markova, English ballerina and choreographer b. 1910
  • 1594 – Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher b. 1512
  • 2014 – A. R. Antulay, Indian lawyer and politician, 8th Chief Minister of Maharashtra b. 1929
  • 1997 – Michael Hedges, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1953
  • 2002 – Arno Peters, German cartographer and historian b. 1916
  • 1986 – John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist and academic b. 1912
  • 1969 – Jose Maria Arguedas, Peruvian anthropologist, author, and poet b. 1911
  • 2014 – Don Laws, American figure skater and coach b. 1929
  • 1927 – Paul Heinrich von Groth, German scientist who systematically classified minerals and founded the journal Zeitschrift fur Krystallographie und Mineralogie b. 1843
  • 949 – Odo of Wetterau, German nobleman
  • 1988 – Karl-Heinz Burger, German colonel b. 1904
  • 1944 – Eiji Sawamura, Japanese baseball player and soldier b. 1917
  • 1723 – Philippe II, Duke of Orleans b. 1674
  • 2013 – Junior Murvin, Jamaican singer-songwriter b. 1946
  • 1469 – Piero di Cosimo de Medici, Italian banker and politician b. 1416
  • 2007 – Elizabeth Hardwick, American literary critic, novelist, and short story writer b. 1916
  • 1987 – Luis Federico Leloir, French-Argentinian physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1906
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Armed Forces Day Cuba
  • Avitus of Rouen
  • Christian feast day
  • Habakkuk Eastern Orthodox
  • Bibiana
  • Nonnus
  • Chromatius
  • December 2 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Channing Moore Williams Anglicanism
  • National Day Laos
  • National Day United Arab Emirates
  • International Day for the Abolition of Slavery United Nations

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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