Топ-100 ⓘ December 17. 1812 – War of 1812: U.S. forces attack a Lenape
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ⓘ December 17. 1812 – War of 1812: U.S. forces attack a Lenape village in the Battle of the Mississinewa. 1896 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Schenley Park Casino, w ..



December 17
                                     

ⓘ December 17

  • 1812 – War of 1812: U.S. forces attack a Lenape village in the Battle of the Mississinewa.
  • 1896 – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Schenley Park Casino, which was the first multi-purpose arena with the technology to create an artificial ice surface in North America, is destroyed in a fire.
  • 1950 – The F-86 Sabres first mission over Korea.
  • 1967 – Harold Holt, Prime Minister of Australia, disappears while swimming near Portsea, Victoria, and is presumed drowned.
  • 1970 – Polish protests: In Gdynia, soldiers fire at workers emerging from trains, killing dozens.
  • 1946 – Kurdistan flag day, the flag of Kurdistan was raised for the first time in Mahabad in eastern Kurdistan Iran.
  • 1913 – A spur of the Shaker Heights streetcar line opens, the first line of the eventual Cleveland RTA Rapid Transit system.
  • 1538 – Pope Paul III excommunicates Henry VIII of England.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of the Bulge: Malmedy massacre: American 285th Field Artillery Observation Battalion POWs are shot by Waffen-SS Kampfgruppe Joachim Peiper.
  • 2003 – SpaceShipOne, piloted by Brian Binnie, makes its first powered and first supersonic flight.
  • 1718 – War of the Quadruple Alliance: Great Britain declares war on Spain.
  • 1969 – Project Blue Book: The United States Air Force closes its study of UFOs.
  • 546 – Siege of Rome: The Ostrogoths under king Totila plunder the city, by bribing the Byzantine garrison.
  • 1586 – Go-Yōzei becomes Emperor of Japan.
  • 1918 – Darwin Rebellion: Up to 1.000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
  • 1919 – Uruguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1961 – Niteroi circus fire: Fire breaks out during a performance by the Gran Circus Norte-Americano in the city of Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, killing more than 500.
  • 1807 – Napoleonic Wars: France issues the Milan Decree, which confirms the Continental System.
  • 1989 – Fernando Collor de Mello defeats Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in the second round of the Brazilian presidential election, becoming the first democratically elected President in almost 30 years.
  • 1398 – Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmuds armies in Delhi are defeated by Timur.
  • 1819 – Simon Bolivar declares the independence of Gran Colombia in Angostura now Ciudad Bolivar in Venezuela.
  • 942 – Assassination of William I of Normandy.
  • 2002 – Second Congo War: The Congolese parties of the Inter Congolese Dialogue sign a peace accord which makes provision for transitional governance and legislative and presidential elections within two years.
  • 1927 – Indian revolutionary Rajendra Lahiri is hanged in Gonda jail, Uttar Pradesh, India, two days before the scheduled date.
  • 1960 – Munich C-131 crash: Twenty passengers and crew on board as well as 32 people on the ground are killed.
  • 2010 – Mohamed Bouazizi sets himself on fire. This act became the catalyst for the Tunisian Revolution and the wider Arab Spring.
  • 1973 – Thirty passengers are killed in an attack by Palestinian terrorists on Romes Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport.
  • 1907 – Ugyen Wangchuck is crowned first King of Bhutan.
  • 1960 – Troops loyal to Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia crush the coup that began December 13, returning power to their leader upon his return from Brazil. Haile Selassie absolves his son of any guilt.
  • 1989 – Romanian Revolution: Protests continue in Timișoara, Romania, with rioters breaking into the Romanian Communist Partys District Committee building and attempting to set it on fire.
  • 1835 – The second Great Fire of New York destroys 50 acres 200.000 square meters of New York Citys Financial District.
  • 1777 – American Revolution: France formally recognizes the United States.
  • 1790 – The Aztec calendar stone is discovered at El Zocalo, Mexico City.
  • 1983 – Provisional IRA members detonate a car bomb at Harrods Department Store in London. Three police officers and three civilians are killed.
  • 1933 – The first NFL Championship Game is played. The game was at Wrigley Field between the New York Giants and Chicago Bears. The Bears won 23–21.
  • 1981 – American Brigadier General James L. Dozier is abducted by the Red Brigades in Verona, Italy.
  • 1583 – Cologne War: Forces under Ernest of Bavaria defeat troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the Siege of Godesberg.
  • 1865 – First performance of the Unfinished Symphony by Franz Schubert.
  • 2003 – The Soham murder trial ends at the Old Bailey in London, with Ian Huntley found guilty of two counts of murder. His girlfriend, Maxine Carr, is found guilty of perverting the course of justice.
  • 1935 – First flight of the Douglas DC-3.
  • 1947 – First flight of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber.
  • 1939 – World War II: Battle of the River Plate: The Admiral Graf Spee is scuttled by Captain Hans Langsdorff outside Montevideo.
  • 1941 – World War II: Japanese forces land in Northern Borneo.
  • 2014 – The United States and Cuba re-establish diplomatic relations after severing them in 1961.
  • 1948 – The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police.
  • 1903 – The Wright brothers make the first controlled powered, heavier-than-air flight in the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
  • 1957 – The United States successfully launches the first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • 497 BC – The first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome.
  • 2005 – Anti-World Trade Organization protesters riot in Wan Chai, Hong Kong.
  • 920 – Romanos I Lekapenos is crowned co-emperor of the underage Constantine VII.
  • 2009 – MV Danny F II sinks off the coast of Lebanon, resulting in the deaths of 44 people and over 28.000 animals.
  • 1943 – All Chinese are again permitted to become citizens of the United States upon the repeal of the Act of 1882 and the introduction of the Magnuson Act.
  • 1951 – The American Civil Rights Congress delivers "We Charge Genocide" to the United Nations.
  • 1938 – Otto Hahn discovers the nuclear fission of the heavy element uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear energy.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant issues General Order No. 11, expelling Jews from parts of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.
  • 1892 – First issue of Vogue is published.
  • 1926 – Antanas Smetona assumes power in Lithuania as the 1926 coup detat is successful.
  • 1928 – Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru assassinate British police officer James Saunders in Lahore, Punjab, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police. The three were executed in 1931.
  • 1837 – A fire in the Winter Palace of Saint Petersburg kills 30 guards.
  • 2005 – Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicates the throne as King of Bhutan.
  • 1989 – The Simpsons premieres on television with the episode "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire".
                                     

1. Births

  • 1840 – Nozu Michitsura, Japanese field marshal d. 1908
  • 1988 – David Rudisha, Kenyan runner
  • 1939 – Eddie Kendricks, American R&B singer-songwriter d. 1992
  • 1937 – Calvin Waller, American general d. 1996
  • 1972 – Ivan Pedroso, Cuban long jumper and coach
  • 1969 – Laurie Holden, American actress and model
  • 1706 – Emilie du Chatelet, French mathematician and physicist d. 1749
  • 1977 – Maria Brink, American singer and songwriter
  • 1996 – Elizaveta Tuktamysheva, Russian figure skater
  • 1984 – Mikky Ekko, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1905 – Mohammad Hidayatullah, 11th Chief Justice of India, and politician, 6th Vice President of India d. 1992
  • 1934 – Irving Petlin, American painter and academic d. 2018
  • 1797 – Joseph Henry, American physicist and engineer d. 1878
  • 1986 – Frank Winterstein, Australian-Samoan rugby league player
  • 1937 – Kerry Packer, Australian businessman, founded World Series Cricket d. 2005
  • 1974 – Charl Langeveldt, South African cricketer
  • 1968 – Paul Tracy, Canadian race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1931 – James McGaugh, American neurobiologist and psychologist
  • 1931 – Gerald Finnerman, American director and cinematographer d. 2011
  • 1973 – Rian Johnson, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1966 – Kristiina Ojuland, Estonian politician, 23rd Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1953 – Bill Pullman, American actor
  • 1973 – Paula Radcliffe, English runner
  • 1988 – Liisa Ehrberg, Estonian cyclist
  • 1982 – Craig Kielburger, Canadian activist and author
  • 1827 – Alexander Wassilko von Serecki, Austrian lawyer and politician d. 1893
  • 1940 – Kåre Valebrokk, Norwegian journalist d. 2013
  • 1976 – Andrew Simpson, English sailor d. 2013
  • 1987 – Chelsea Manning, American soldier and intelligence analyst
  • 1632 – Anthony Wood, English historian and author d. 1695
  • 1980 – Ryan Hunter-Reay, American race car driver
  • 1905 – Erico Verissimo, Brazilian author and translator d. 1975
  • 1619 – Prince Rupert of the Rhine d. 1682
  • 1998 – Martin Odegaard, Norwegian footballer
  • 1950 – Laurence F. Johnson, American educator and author
  • 1986 – Emma Bell, American actress
  • 1988 – Grethe Grunberg, Estonian ice dancer
  • 1982 – Lorenzo Cittadini, Italian rugby player
  • 1699 – Charles-Louis Mion, French composer and educator d. 1775
  • 1945 – Ernie Hudson, American actor
  • 1981 – Jerry Hsu, American skateboarder and photographer
  • 1951 – Ken Hitchcock, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1906 – Russell C. Newhouse, American pilot and engineer d. 1998
  • 1930 – Armin Mueller-Stahl, German actor and painter
  • 1991 – Jordan Rankin, Australian rugby league player
  • 1926 – Stephen Lewis, English actor, director, screenwriter, and playwright d. 2015
  • 1984 – Shannon Woodward, American actress
  • 1900 – Mary Cartwright, English mathematician and academic, one of the first people to analyze a dynamical system with chaos d. 1998
  • 1984 – Andrew Davies, English footballer
  • 1975 – Milla Jovovich, Ukrainian-American actress
  • 1900 – Katina Paxinou, Greek actress d. 1973
  • 1977 – Samuel Påhlsson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1937 – Art Neville, American singer and keyboard player d. 2019
  • 1917 – Kenneth Dike, Nigerian historian, author, and academic d. 1983
  • 1994 – Lloyd Perrett, New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1964 – Frank Musil, Czech ice hockey player and coach
  • 1977 – Katheryn Winnick, Canadian actress
  • 1982 – Josh Barfield, American baseball player
  • 1898 – Loren Murchison, American sprinter d. 1979
  • 1893 – Charles C. Banks, English captain and pilot d. 1971
  • 1942 – Paul Butterfield, American singer and harmonica player d. 1987
  • 1932 – John Bond, English footballer and manager d. 2012
  • 1987 – Bo Guagua, Chinese businessman
  • 1842 – Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician and academic d. 1899
  • 1944 – Carlo M. Croce, Italian-American oncologist and academic
  • 1859 – Paul Cesar Helleu, French painter and illustrator d. 1927
  • 1951 – Tatyana Kazankina, Russian runner
  • 1835 – Alexander Emanuel Agassiz, Swiss-American ichthyologist and engineer d. 1910
  • 1904 – Paul Cadmus, American painter and illustrator d. 1999
  • 1992 – Quinton de Kock, South African cricketer
  • 1944 – Jack L. Chalker, American author and educator d. 2005
  • 1967 – Vincent Damphousse, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1997 – Shoma Uno, Japanese figure skater
  • 1926 – John Hans Krebs, American lawyer and politician d. 2014
  • 1920 – Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist, developed the APL programming language d. 2004
  • 1985 – Greg James, English radio presenter and comedian
  • 1956 – Peter Farrelly, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1926 – Ray Jablonski, American baseball player d. 1985
  • 1979 – Paul Smith, English footballer
  • 1685 – Thomas Tickell, English poet d. 1740
  • 1923 – Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian and scholar d. 2006
  • 1971 – Antoine Rigaudeau, French basketball player
  • 1942 – Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian general and politician, 7th Head of State of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • 1922 – Alan Voorhees, American engineer and academic d. 2005
  • 1964 – Joe Wolf, American basketball player and coach
  • 1910 – Eknath Easwaran, Indian-American educator and author d. 1999
  • 1992 – Joshua Ingram, Canadian drummer and percussionist
  • 1937 – John Kennedy Toole, American novelist d. 1969
  • 1921 – Lore Berger, German-Swiss author and translator d. 1943
  • 1935 – Brian Langford, English cricketer d. 2013
  • 1778 – Humphry Davy, English chemist and physicist d. 1829
  • 1940 – Maria Elena Velasco, Mexican actress, singer, director, and screenwriter d. 2015
  • 1894 – Patrick Flynn, Irish-American runner and soldier d. 1969
  • 1948 – Valery Belousov, Russian ice hockey player and coach d. 2015
  • 1983 – Erik Christensen, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1971 – Alan Khan, South African radio and TV presenter
  • 1948 – Jim Bonfanti, American rock drummer
  • 1984 – Luis Maria Alfageme, Argentinian footballer
  • 1950 – Maurice Peoples, American sprinter and coach
  • 1908 – Willard Libby, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1980
  • 1941 – Dave Dee, English singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2009
  • 1796 – Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian judge and politician d. 1865
  • 1956 – Totka Petrova, Bulgarian runner
  • 1977 – Arnaud Clement, French tennis player
  • 1945 – David Mallet, British director
  • 1974 – Sarah Paulson, American actress
  • 1962 – Rocco Mediate, American golfer and journalist
  • 1982 – Onur Ozsu, Turkish singer-songwriter
  • 1912 – Edward Short, Baron Glenamara, English captain and politician, Lord President of the Council d. 2012
  • 1957 – Wendy Hoyte, English sprinter
  • 1734 – Maria I of Portugal d. 1816
  • 1962 – Paul Dobson, English footballer
  • 1936 – Pope Francis
  • 1938 – Peter Snell, New Zealand runner d. 2019
  • 1946 – Eugene Levy, Canadian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1962 – Galina Malchugina, Russian sprinter
  • 1978 – Alex Cintron, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Takeo Spikes, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1985 – Lukasz Broz, Polish footballer
  • 1881 – Aubrey Faulkner, South African-English cricketer and coach d. 1930
  • 1936 – Tommy Steele, English singer, guitarist, and actor
  • 1944 – Bernard Hill, English actor
  • 1749 – Domenico Cimarosa, Italian composer and educator d. 1801
  • 1991 – James Hurst, American football player
  • 1892 – Sam Barry, American basketball player and coach d. 1950
  • 1945 – Juri Talvet, Estonian poet and critic
  • 1847 – Emile Faguet, French author and critic d. 1916
  • 1978 – Chase Utley, American baseball player
  • 1947 – Wes Studi, American actor and producer
  • 1905 – Simo Hayha, Finnish soldier and sniper d. 2002
  • 1976 – Patrick Muller, Swiss footballer
  • 1988 – Kris Joseph, Canadian basketball player
  • 1884 – Alison Uttley, English childrens book writer d. 1976
  • 1943 – Ron Geesin, Scottish pianist and composer
  • 1978 – Manny Pacquiao, Filipino boxer and politician
  • 1913 – Burt Baskin, American businessman, co-founded Baskin-Robbins d. 1967
  • 1895 – Gerald Patterson, Australian tennis player d. 1967
  • 1914 – Fernando Alonso, Cuban ballet dancer, co-founded the Cuban National Ballet d. 2013
  • 1981 – Tim Wiese, German footballer
  • 1927 – Edward Meneeley, American painter and sculptor d. 2012
  • 1985 – Craig Reid, English footballer
  • 1954 – Sergejus Jovaisa, Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1937 – Brian Hayes, Australian-English radio host
  • 1974 – Giovanni Ribisi, American actor
  • 1955 – Brad Davis, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Eddie Fisher, American drummer
  • 1946 – Simon Bates, English radio host
  • 1812 – Vilhelm Petersen, Danish painter d. 1880
  • 1928 – Eli Beeding, American captain and pilot d. 2013
  • 1994 – Nat Wolff, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player and actor
  • 1949 – Paul Rodgers, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1866 – Kazys Grinius, Lithuanian physician and politician, 3rd President of Lithuania d. 1950
  • 1903 – Ray Noble, English bandleader, composer, and actor d. 1978
  • 1969 – Inna Lasovskaya, Russian triple jumper
  • 1930 – Dorothy Rowe, Australian psychologist and author d. 2019
  • 1973 – Hasan Vural, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1969 – Mick Quinn, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and producer
  • 1928 – Marilyn Beck, American journalist d. 2014
  • 1935 – Cal Ripken Sr., American baseball player, coach, and manager d. 1999
  • 1949 – Sotiris Kaiafas, Cypriot footballer
  • 1887 – Josef Lada, Czech painter and illustrator d. 1957
  • 1975 – Susanthika Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan sprinter
  • 1956 – Dominic Lawson, English journalist and author
  • 1894 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor d. 1979
  • 1929 – William Safire, American journalist and author d. 2009
  • 1945 – Chris Matthews, American journalist and author
  • 1978 – Riteish Deshmukh, Indian film actor, producer and architect
  • 1982 – Stephane Lasme, Gabonese basketball player
  • 1807 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and activist d. 1892
  • 1853 – Pierre Paul Emile Roux, French physician and immunologist, co-founded the Pasteur Institute d. 1933
  • 1930 – Bob Guccione, American photographer and publisher, founded Penthouse d. 2010
  • 1951 – Pat Hill, American football player and coach
  • 1928 – Doyle Conner, American farmer and politician, 7th Florida Commissioner of Agriculture d. 2012
  • 1966 – Tracy Byrd, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1982 – Ryan Moats, American football player
  • 1934 – Ray Wilson, English footballer and manager d. 2018
  • 1969 – Chuck Liddell, American mixed martial artist and kick-boxer
  • 1906 – Fernando Lopes-Graça, Portuguese composer and conductor d. 1994
  • 1916 – Penelope Fitzgerald, English author and poet d. 2000
  • 1830 – Jules de Goncourt, French author and critic d. 1870
  • 1267 – Emperor Go-Uda of Japan d. 1324
  • 1914 – Mushtaq Ali, Indian cricketer d. 2005
  • 1554 – Ernest of Bavaria, Roman Catholic bishop d. 1612
  • 1968 – Claudio Suarez, Mexican footballer
  • 1939 – James Booker, American pianist d. 1983
  • 1976 – Eric Bedard, Canadian speed skater and coach
  • 1980 – Eli Pariser, American activist and author
  • 1958 – Mike Mills, American bass player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1983 – Sebastien Ogier, French race car driver
  • 1957 – Bob Ojeda, American baseball player and coach
  • 1997 – Naiktha Bains, British-Australian tennis player
  • 1556 – Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, Pakistani-Indian poet d. 1627
  • 1967 – Karsten Neitzel, German footballer and manager
  • 1961 – Mansoor al-Jamri, Bahraini journalist and author
  • 1941 – Stan Mudenge, Zimbabwean historian and politician, Zimbabwean Minister of Foreign Affairs d. 2012
  • 1894 – Wim Schermerhorn, Dutch cartographer, engineer, and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands d. 1977
  • 1931 – Dave Madden, Canadian-American actor d. 2014
  • 1991 – Atsedu Tsegay, Ethiopian runner
  • 1239 – Kujō Yoritsugu, Japanese shōgun d. 1256
  • 1893 – Erwin Piscator, German director and producer d. 1966
  • 1998 – Jasmine Armfield, English actress
  • 1975 – Nick Dinsmore, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1903 – Erskine Caldwell, American novelist and short story writer d. 1987
  • 1927 – Richard Long, American actor and director d. 1974
  • 1988 – Craig Sutherland, Scottish footballer
  • 1978 – Neil Sanderson, Canadian drummer and songwriter
  • 1890 – Prince Joachim of Prussia d. 1920
  • 1993 – Patricia Ku Flores, Peruvian tennis player
  • 1948 – Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, Turkish economist and politician
  • 1873 – Ford Madox Ford, English novelist, poet, and critic d. 1939
  • 1945 – Jacqueline Wilson, English author and academic
  • 1976 – Nir Davidovich, Israeli footballer and manager
  • 1979 – Matt Murley, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Julian Bennett, English footballer
  • 1973 – Konstadinos Gatsioudis, Greek javelin thrower
  • 1874 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian economist and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Canada d. 1950
  • 1616 – Roger LEstrange, English pamphleteer and author d. 1704
  • 1965 – Craig Berube, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1983 – Haron Keitany, Kenyan runner
  • 1910 – Sy Oliver, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player d. 1988
  • 1959 – Bob Stinson, American songwriter and guitarist d. 1995
  • 1987 – Maryna Arzamasova, Belorussian middle-distance runner
  • 1980 – Alexandra Papageorgiou, Greek hammer thrower
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2012 – James Gower, American priest and activist, co-founded the College of the Atlantic b. 1922
  • 2004 – Tom Wesselmann, American painter and sculptor b. 1931
  • 2005 – Jack Anderson, American journalist and author b. 1922
  • 1964 – Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1883
  • 1986 – Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist b. 1925
  • 1927 – Rajendra Lahiri, Indian activist b. 1892
  • 2012 – Laurier LaPierre, Canadian historian, journalist, and politician b. 1929
  • 2010 – Ralph Coates, English footballer b. 1946
  • 1992 – Dana Andrews, American actor b. 1909
  • 1967 – Harold Holt, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Prime Minister of Australia b. 1908
  • 1562 – Eleonora di Toledo, Grand Duchess of Tuscany b. 1522
  • 1942 – Allen Bathurst, Lord Apsley, English lieutenant and politician b. 1895
  • 2014 – Richard C. Hottelet, American journalist b. 1917
  • 779 – Sturm, abbot of Fulda
  • 2008 – Freddy Breck, German singer-songwriter, producer, and journalist b. 1942
  • 2013 – Janet Rowley, American geneticist and biologist b. 1925
  • 1947 – Christos Tsigiridis, Greek engineer b. 1877
  • 1957 – Dorothy L. Sayers, English author, poet, and playwright b. 1893
  • 2014 – Oleh Lysheha, Ukrainian poet and playwright b. 1949
  • 1663 – Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba b. 1583
  • 2015 – Hal Brown, American baseball player and manager b. 1924
  • 2008 – Sammy Baugh, American football player and coach b. 1914
  • 1981 – Antiochos Evangelatos, Greek composer and conductor b. 1903
  • 1929 – Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa, Portuguese general and politician, 10th President of Portugal b. 1863
  • 2013 – Tetsurō Kashibuchi, Japanese drummer, songwriter, and producer b. 1950
  • 1833 – Kaspar Hauser, German feral child b. 1812
  • 2011 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean commander and politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea b. 1941
  • 2010 – Captain Beefheart, American singer-songwriter b. 1941
  • 2009 – Alaina Reed Hall, American actress b. 1946
  • 1830 – Simon Bolivar, Venezuelan general and politician, 2nd President of Venezuela b. 1783
  • 1928 – Frank Rinehart, American photographer b. 1861
  • 2009 – Chris Henry, American football player b. 1983
  • 2002 – K. W. Devanayagam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 10th Sri Lankan Minister of Justice b. 1910
  • 1419 – William Gascoigne, Chief Justice of England
  • 2014 – Dieter Grau, German-American scientist and engineer b. 1913
  • 2012 – Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician b. 1924
  • 2005 – Marc Favreau, Canadian actor and poet b. 1929
  • 2014 – Ivan Vekic, Croatian colonel, lawyer, and politician, Croatian Minister of the Interior b. 1938
  • 908 – al-Abbas ibn al-Hasan al-Jarjarai, Abbasid vizier
  • 1932 – Charles Winckler, Danish discus thrower, shot putter, and tug of war competitor b. 1867
  • 1962 – Thomas Mitchell, American actor b. 1892
  • 1940 – Alicia Boole Stott, Anglo-Irish mathematician and academic b. 1860
  • 2003 – Otto Graham, American football player and coach b. 1921
  • 1982 – Homer S. Ferguson, American lawyer, judge, and politician b. 1889
  • 1847 – Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma b. 1791
  • 2013 – Richard Heffner, American historian and television host b. 1925
  • 1970 – Oliver Waterman Larkin, American historian, author, and educator b. 1896
  • 2014 – Lowell Steward, American captain b. 1919
  • 2015 – Osamu Hayaishi, American-Japanese biochemist and academic b. 1920
  • 2010 – Walt Dropo, American basketball and baseball player b. 1923
  • 1471 – Infanta Isabel, Duchess of Burgundy b. 1397
  • 2005 – Haljand Udam, Estonian orientalist and academic d. 1936
  • 2008 – Dave Smith, American baseball player and coach b. 1955
  • 1195 – Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut b. 1150
  • 1933 – 13th Dalai Lama b. 1876
  • 1904 – William Shiels, Irish-Australian politician, 16th Premier of Victoria b. 1848
  • 2006 – Larry Sherry, American baseball player and coach b. 1935
  • 2013 – Conny van Rietschoten, Dutch sailor b. 1926
  • 1956 – Eddie Acuff, American actor b. 1903
  • 1999 – Grover Washington Jr., American singer-songwriter and saxophonist b. 1943
  • 1992 – Gunther Anders, German journalist and philosopher b. 1902
  • 2016 – Gordon Hunt, American voice director b. 1929
  • 1999 – Rex Allen, American singer-songwriter and actor b. 1920
  • 2012 – Richard Adams, Filipino-American activist b. 1947
  • 1187 – Pope Gregory VIII b. 1100
  • 1999 – C. Vann Woodward, American historian and academic b. 1908
  • 908 – Abdallah ibn al-Mutazz, Abbasid prince and poet, anti-caliph for one day
  • 1721 – Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, English soldier and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster b. 1640
  • 2013 – Ricardo Maria Carles Gordo, Spanish cardinal b. 1926
  • 1987 – Linda Wong, American porn actress b. 1951
  • 1987 – Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-American author and poet b. 1903
  • 1909 – Leopold II of Belgium b. 1835
  • 2012 – Frank Pastore, American baseball player and radio host b. 1957
  • 2009 – Jennifer Jones, American actress b. 1919
  • 2016 – Henry Heimlich, American doctor b. 1920
  • 1273 – Rumi, Persian jurist, theologian, and poet b. 1207
  • 1907 – William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish physicist and engineer b. 1824
  • 1857 – Francis Beaufort, Irish hydrographer and officer in the Royal Navy b. 1774
  • 942 – William I, duke of Normandy
  • 2013 – Fred Bruemmer, Latvian-Canadian photographer b. 1929
  • 1930 – Peter Warlock, Welsh composer and critic b. 1894
  • 2016 – Benjamin A. Gilman, American soldier and politician b. 1922
  • 1978 – Don Ellis, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader b. 1934
  • 2015 – Michael Wyschogrod, German-American philosopher and theologian b. 1928
  • 1917 – Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, English physician and activist b. 1836
  • 2011 – Eva Ekvall, Venezuelan journalist and author, Miss Venezuela 2000 b. 1983
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Olympias the Deaconess
  • Christian feast day
  • Daniel the Prophet
  • Lazarus of Bethany local commemoration in Cuba
  • Wivina
  • Josep Manyanet i Vives
  • Sturm
  • December 17 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • O Sapientia
  • Pan American Aviation Day United States
  • Accession Day Bahrain
  • National Day Bhutan
  • Wright Brothers Day, a United States federal observance by Presidential proclamation
  • International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers
  • Kurdish flag day Global Kurdish population
  • Kurdistan flag day

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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