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ⓘ Illkirch-Graffenstaden is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Strasbourg, ..



Illkirch-Graffenstaden
                                     

ⓘ Illkirch-Graffenstaden

Illkirch-Graffenstaden is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Strasbourg, and is adjacent to it on the south-southwest. Illkirch-Graffenstaden is one of the fastest growing cities in France and probably in Europe, its population having more than doubled in less than forty years.

In the past Illkirch and Graffenstaden were two separate villages. Illkirch-Graffenstaden therefore differs from more conventional towns, being akin to two long villages, one to the north of the other, giving rise to an exceptionally long main street lined with traditional small half-timbered houses: where these have been supplemented by modern designs, the modern buildings tend to respect the traditional size and look of the older ones.

Twinned with Dijon France

                                     

1. Name

During periods when Alsace-Lorraine was part of Germany 1871–1918, 1940–1945 the commune was known as Illkirch-Grafenstaden with a single f in place of the francophone ff: this spelling is still used in German. Among French speakers from outside Alsace the commune is sometimes known colloquially as Illkirch which avoids the needs to grapple with the four syllable German/Alsatian concatenation which some may find challenging.

                                     

2. Demographics

By population level, Illkirch-Graffenstaden is the third largest commune in the urban community of Strasbourg, the fourth largest in the departement and the sixth largest taking together the two departments comprising Alsace.

                                     

3. Geography

The larger adjacent communes, like Illkirch-Graffenstaden, are effectively outer suburbs of the Strasbourg conurbation. These include Strasbourg-Meinau, Ostwald and Geispolsheim. Illkirch-Graffenstaden is crossed by the river Ill which here runs from south to north, parallel with and roughly ten kilometres to the west of the river Rhine: the two finally converge a short distance to the north of Strasbourg. The town also lies by the Rhone-Rhine Canal which here runs between the two rivers.

Extensive quarrying has been undertaken in the area for many years, giving rise to a number of small lakes in the region, a couple of which have been adapted for recreational swimming

The International Space University is located on the part of the University of Strasbourg campus lying in the territory of Illkirch-Graffenstaden.

                                     

4. History

Illkirch is believed to be a Frankish foundation. The town, like Alsace takes the first syllable of its name from the river that crosses it: the second syllable is simply the local word for a church. The spelling of the name has changed as the language has developed: Ellofanum 720, Illechilechen 826, Illenkirche 845, Illekiriche 920, Illachirecha 1163 and Illenkirchen 1172 which mutated into the contemporary name, Illkirch.

When Rudolf von Habsburg was elected King of the Romans in 1273, he urgently needed military help from his leading supporters against his rival, King Ottokar II of Bohemia, who was reluctant to accept Rudolf as emperor. As a reward for their services, Rudolf in 1284 elevated several leading Strasbourgers to the knighthood. To his favoured supporter, Bernhard von Mullenheim, he also granted the ford at Grafenstaden, with the right to levy tolls on travellers: the value of the concession was enhanced by the absence of any bridge. Hitherto the citizens of Strasbourg had been able to use the Grafenstaden ford without payment, and in 1391 ownership of the ford reverted to the city: from that year, there was a requirement weekly to transfer money collected from tolls to Strasbourg.

Historians know of Illkirch from the Illkirch Capitulation Document. In 1681, facing the prospect of imminent French invasion, Hans Georg von Zedlitz, mayor of Strasbourg, tried to obtain imperial support to turn back the advancing soldiers from Strasbourg, which enjoyed privileged status as a free imperial city. Imperial support did not materialize, however, and in order to avoid greater suffering von Zedlitz was finally obliged to sign the Surrender Document of Illkirch on 30 September 1681.

Graffenstaden was a village bordering Illkirch: the two communes were merged for economic reasons between 1790 and 1794.



                                     

5. Economy

After the First World War the largest employer was the Societe Alsacienne de Constructions Mecaniques SACM, a heavy engineering business that specialised in the manufacture of railway locomotives and machine tools. The factory had originally been built before the annexation of Alsace by Germany, but had been operated separately as a German business between 1871 and 1918.

Although heavy engineering still plays a part in the local economy, the second half of the twentieth century saw a massive decline in the sector and much of the old industrial site is today covered by a large shopping centre, offices and even residential developments. Today it is the tertiary sector that provides most of the employment in the area. Another important employer is Leclerc barracks Quartier Leclerc, home to the French 2nd Armoured Brigade and the German 291st Light Infantry Battalion, a unit of the Franco-German Brigade.

                                     
  • The canton of Illkirch - Graffenstaden is an administrative division of the Bas - Rhin department, northeastern France. Its borders were modified at the French
  • Jacques Bigot born July 31, 1952 is a French politician, Mayor of Illkirch - Graffenstaden and President of the Urban Community of Strasbourg. He is a member
  • Strasbourg Illkirch - Graffenstaden Basket, most commonly known as SIG Basket or SIG Strasbourg, is a French professional basketball club that is based in
  • March 2015: Bischwiller Bouxwiller Brumath Erstein Haguenau Hoenheim Illkirch - Graffenstaden Ingwiller Lingolsheim Molsheim Mutzig Obernai Reichshoffen Saverne
  • member of The Board of directors of RC Strasbourg and resided in Illkirch - Graffenstaden before his death. Monaco Division 1: 1960 61 Coupe de France: 1959 60
  • forestier de Strasbourg - Neuhof Illkirch - Graffenstaden to the east and south, and the commune of Illkirch - Graffenstaden to the southwest. Between the
  • Chateau Klinglin is a chateau in the commune of Illkirch - Graffenstaden in the department of Bas - Rhin, Alsace, France. Built in 1735, it became a Monument
  • however it also contains a substantial portion of the Commune of Illkirch - Graffenstaden Three of the five cantons are held by the PS. Parties of the right
  • Frederic Adam 4 January 1904 in Hinsbourg 7 September 1984 in Illkirch - Graffenstaden was an Alsatian conductor, composer and administrator. After studies
  • same time it acquired Illkirch - Graffenstaden The act of annexation of Alsace to the kingdom of France took place in Illkirch in 1681, after which Illwickersheim


                                     
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  • Commandement et de Transmissions 2e CCT - Command and Signals Company in Illkirch - Graffenstaden with VAB 12e Regiment de Cuirassiers 12e RC - Armoured Regiment
  • Currently, the FGB is stationed at Mullheim, Metz, Donaueschingen, Illkirch - Graffenstaden Sarrebourg, and Immendingen as part of the Eurocorps. In February
  • Towns served: Strasbourg, Kehl Germany 05 Illkirch - Graffenstaden Towns served: Illkirch - Graffenstaden Service Area: Ostwald 07 N283 Erstein Towns served:
  • Pau - Lacq - Orthez Rouen SPO Rouen Basket Strasbourg Strasbourg Illkirch Graffenstaden Basket 2013 - 14 season Angers Union Feminine Angers Basket 49
  • The nearest villages are Meistratzheim, Innenhei, Hindhead and Illkirch - Graffenstaden the largest, 12 km 7.5 mi to the south - west. The Ehn River formerly
  • Solomon University, in Ukraine International Space University, Illkirch - Graffenstaden France Irkutsk State University, in Eastern Siberia ISU trade
  • Group, a New Zealand government group Strasbourg IG Strasbourg Illkirch - Graffenstaden Basket a French basketball club Susquehanna International Group
  • Entzheim Eschau Fegersheim Geispolsheim Hangenbieten Hoenheim Holtzheim Illkirch - Graffenstaden Kolbsheim Lampertheim Lingolsheim Lipsheim Mittelhausbergen Mundolsheim
                                     
  • Belfort in France. In 1872 the company merged with the Graffenstaden company of Illkirch - Graffenstaden a suburb of Strasbourg to form SACM. The new company
  • Rhinau Ile du Rohrschollen Massif forestier de Strasbourg - Neuhof Illkirch - Graffenstaden as well as a regional nature reserve: Forêt de l Illwald next to
  • Geispolsheim 7, 540 Hangenbieten: 1, 554 Hoenheim 11, 215 Holtzheim 3, 656 Illkirch - Graffenstaden 26, 780 Kolbsheim: 948 Lampertheim 3, 272 Lingolsheim 18, 324 Lipsheim
  • Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology IGBMC in Illkirch - Graffenstaden until 2010. Dino Moras is a chemist by training with a thesis defended
  • noble members of the city authorities The history of the town of Illkirch - Graffenstaden is closely connected with the Mullenheims. When Rudolf of Habsburg
  • Wilwisheim Wingersheim Zoebersdorf Canton of Illkirch - Graffenstaden 3 communes Illkirch - Graffenstaden Lingolsheim Ostwald Canton of Mundolsheim 14
  • knocked out in the semi - finals by Auxerre. RC Strasbourg SR Colmar Illkirch Graffenstaden US Sarre - Union FC St. Etienne Seltz FC Saverne FC Saint - Louis Neuweg
  • Strasbourg. The line ran from the western suburb of Hautepierre to Illkirch - Graffenstaden Baggersee station In order to cross the railway lines near the
  • Illkirch - Graffenstaden 2e Compagnie de Commandement et de Transmissions 2e CCT - 2nd Command and Signals Company VAB in Illkirch - Graffenstaden 12e
  • Claude: Mulhouse, Haut - Rhin Images du Patrimoine, Le Verger, Illkirch - Graffenstaden 1990, ISBN 2 - 908367 - 18 - 1 in French Temple Saint - Etienne on the

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