Топ-100 ⓘ International Workers Day, also known as Workers Day, Labour
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ⓘ International Workers Day, also known as Workers Day, Labour Day in some countries and often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the worki ..

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International Workers' Day
                                     

ⓘ International Workers Day

International Workers Day, also known as Workers Day, Labour Day in some countries and often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement which occurs every year on May Day, an ancient European spring festival.

The date was chosen by a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886. The 1904 Sixth Conference of the Second International, called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace."

The first of May is a national, public holiday in many countries across the world, in most cases as "Labour Day", "International Workers Day" or some similar name – although some countries celebrate a Labour Day on other dates significant to them, such as the United States and Canada, which celebrate Labor Day on the first Monday of September.

                                     

1. Origin

Beginning in the late 19th century, as the trade union and labour movements grew, a variety of days were chosen by trade unionists as a day to celebrate labour. 1 May was chosen to be International Workers Day to commemorate the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago. In that year beginning on 1 May, there was a general strike for the eight-hour workday. On 4 May, the police acted to disperse a public assembly in support of the strike when an unidentified person threw a bomb. The police responded by firing on the workers. The event led to the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; sixty police officers were injured, as were an unknown number of civilians. Hundreds of labour leaders and sympathizers were later rounded-up and four were executed by hanging, after a trial that was seen as a miscarriage of justice. The following day on 5 May in Milwaukee Wisconsin, the state militia fired on a crowd of strikers killing seven, including a schoolboy and a man feeding chickens in his yard.

In 1889, a meeting in Paris was held by the first congress of the Second International, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne that called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests. May Day was formally recognized as an annual event at the Internationals second congress in 1891. Subsequently, the May Day riots of 1894 occurred. The International Socialist Congress, Amsterdam 1904 called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace." The congress made it "mandatory upon the proletarian organisations of all countries to stop work on 1 May, wherever it is possible without injury to the workers."

In the United States and Canada, a September holiday, called Labor or Labour Day, was first proposed in the 1880s. In 1882, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed a Labor Day holiday on the first Monday of September while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union CLU of New York. Others argue that it was first proposed by Peter J. McGuire of the American Federation of Labor in May 1882, after witnessing the annual labour festival held in Toronto, Canada. In 1887, Oregon was the first state of the United States to make it an official public holiday. By the time it became an official federal holiday in 1894, thirty US states officially celebrated Labor Day. Thus by 1887 in North America, Labour Day was an established, official holiday but in September, not on 1 May.

May Day has been a focal point for demonstrations by various socialist, communist and anarchist groups since the Second International. May Day is one of the most important holidays in communist countries such as the North Korea, Cuba and the former Soviet Union countries. May Day celebrations in these countries typically feature elaborate workforce parades, including displays of military hardware and soldiers.

In 1955, the Catholic Church dedicated 1 May to "Saint Joseph the Worker". Saint Joseph is the patron saint of workers and craftsmen, among others.

During the Cold War, May Day became the occasion for large military parades in Red Square by the Soviet Union and attended by the top leaders of the Kremlin, especially the Politburo, atop Lenins Mausoleum. It became an enduring symbol of that period.

Today, the majority of countries around the world celebrate a workers day on 1 May.

                                     

2. By country

Algeria

In Algeria, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Labour Day.

Angola

1 May is recognized as public holiday in Angola and called Workers Day.

Egypt

1 May is known as Labour Day and is considered a paid holiday. The President of Egypt traditionally presides over the official May Day celebrations.

Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as Workers Day.

Namibia

1 May is recognized as public holiday in Namibia and celebrated as Workers Day.

Nigeria

Since 1981, 1 May is a public holiday in Nigeria. On the day, people gather while, traditionally, the president of the Nigeria Labour Congress and other politicians address workers.

Somalia

In Somalia, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as the Labour Day.

Tanzania

In Tanzania, it is a public holiday on 1 May and celebrated as the Workers Day.

Uganda

In Uganda, Labour Day is a public holiday on 1 May.

Zimbabwe

1 May is recognized as public holiday in Zimbabwe and called Workers Day.

Cuba

This day is known as Labour Day in Cuba. People march in the streets, showing their support to the Cuban Communist government and the Cuban Revolution during the whole morning.

Dominican Republic

1 May is a national holiday known as Labour Day and celebrated by workers parades and demonstration.

Ecuador

In Ecuador, 1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day. People dont go to work and spend time with their relatives or gather for demonstrations.

El Salvador

1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day.

Guatemala

1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day.

Haiti

1 May is an official public holiday known as Agriculture and Labour Day.

Honduras

1 May is an official holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Honduras.

Mexico

1 May is a federal holiday. It also commemorates the Cananea Strike of 1906 in the Mexican state of Sonora.

Panama

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Panama.

Paraguay

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Paraguay.

Peru

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Peru.

Bahrain

In Bahrain, 1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, 1 May Day is a public holiday and called May Day. A parade and other events are held on the day to commemorate the occasion.

Iraq

In Iraq, it is known as the International Workers Day and is a public holiday.

Jordan

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

Lebanon

1 May known as the Workers Day and is a public holiday. Left-wing parties and workers unions organize marches on the 1st of May.

Malaysia

Malaysia began observing the holiday in 1972 following an announcement by the late Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister, Ismail Abdul Rahman.

Myanmar

In Myanmar, 1 May is known as Labour Day Burmese: အလုပ်သမားနေ့ and is a public holiday.

Nepal

1 May Day has been celebrated in Nepal since 1963. The day became a public holiday in 2007.

Palestine

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

Singapore

In Singapore, it is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

South Korea

In the Republic of Korea, 1 May is known simply as "Workers Day". It is not a public holiday, but a paid holiday for workers by the Designation of Workers Day Act.

Syria

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

Taiwan

May 1 is known as Labor Day in Taiwan, an official holiday, though not everybody gets a day off. Students and teachers do not have this day off.

Thailand

In Thailand, the day is known in English as National Labour Day, and is one of 17 official public holidays in Thailand.

Vietnam

In Vietnam, it is known as International Labour Day Vietnamese: Ngày Quốc tế Lao dong and is a public holiday. It was first celebrated in 1913.

Albania

Labour Day Albanian: Dita e punetoreve is an official holiday celebrated on 1 May and thus schools and most businesses are closed.

Armenia

Labour Day Armenian: Աշխատանքի օր, ashxatanki or is an official holiday celebrated on 1 May.

Belgium

In Belgium, Labour Day, is observed on 1 May and is an official holiday since 1948. Various socialist and communist organizations hold parades and other events in different cities.

Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, 1 May is an official and national holiday known as Labour Day Czech: Svatek prace.

Estonia

In Estonia, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Spring Day or May Day. It is a popular celebration for students.

Latvia

First May Day is an official public holiday celebrated as Convocation of the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Latvia, Labour Day.

Montenegro

1 May is an official public holiday and a day off work and a day out of school. It is the only official holiday from socialist times that is still officially celebrated.

Netherlands

In the Netherlands, 1 May or Labour Day Dutch: Dag van de Arbeid is not an official holiday.

                                     

2.1. By country Algeria

In Algeria, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Labour Day.

                                     

2.2. By country Egypt

1 May is known as Labour Day and is considered a paid holiday. The President of Egypt traditionally presides over the official May Day celebrations.

                                     

2.3. By country Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as Workers Day.

                                     

2.4. By country Ghana

1 May is a holiday in Ghana. It is a day to celebrate all workers across the country. It is celebrated with a parade by trade unions and labour associations. The parades are normally addressed by the Secretary General of the trade union congress and by regional secretaries in the regions. Workers from different workplaces through banners and T-shirts identify their companies.

                                     

2.5. By country Kenya

In Kenya, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as Labour Day. It is a big day addressed by the leaders of the workers umbrella union body – the Central Organisation of Trade Unions COTU. The Minister for Labour and occasionally the President address the workers. Each year, the government approves and increases the minimum wage on Labour Day.

                                     

2.6. By country Libya

International Workers Day was declared a national public holiday by the National Transitional Council in 2012 the first year of the post-Qaddafi era.

On 1 May 1978, then Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Al-Qaddafi addressed the nation in the capital city of Tripoli calling for administrative and also economic reforms across Libya.

                                     

2.7. By country Namibia

1 May is recognized as public holiday in Namibia and celebrated as Workers Day.

                                     

2.8. By country Nigeria

Since 1981, 1 May is a public holiday in Nigeria. On the day, people gather while, traditionally, the president of the Nigeria Labour Congress and other politicians address workers.

                                     

2.9. By country Somalia

In Somalia, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as the Labour Day.

                                     

2.10. By country South Africa

In South Africa, Workers Day has been celebrated as a national public holiday on 1 May each year since 1995. May Day started to get more attention by African workers in 1928, which saw thousands of workers in a mass march. In 1950, the South African Communist Party called for a strike on 1 May in response to the Suppression of Communism Act declaring it illegal. Police violence caused the death of 18 people across Soweto. It has its origins within the historical struggles of workers and their trade unions internationally for solidarity between working people in their struggles to win fair employment standards and more importantly, to establish a culture of human and worker rights and to ensure that these are enshrined in international law and the national law.

In 1986, the hundredth anniversary of the Haymarket affair, the Congress of South African Trade Unions COSATU called for the government to establish an official holiday on 1 May. It also called for workers to stay home from work that day. COSATU was joined by a number of prominent anti-apartheid organizations, including the National Education Crisis Committee and the United Democratic Front South Africa. The call was also supported by a number of organizations regarded as conservative, such as the African Teachers Association, the National African Federated Chamber of Commerce, and the Steel and Engineering Industries Federation of South Africa, an organization that represented employers in the metal industries. More than 1.500.000 workers observed the call and stayed home, as did thousands of students, taxi drivers, vendors, shopkeepers, domestic workers, and self-employed people. In the following years, 1 May became a popular, if not official, holiday. As a result of the killings on May Day 1950 and the success of COSATUs call in 1986, 1 May became associated with resistance to the apartheid government. After its first universal election in 1994, 1 May was adopted as a public holiday, celebrated for the first time in 1995. On its website, the city of Durban states that the holiday "celebrate the role played by trade unions and other labour movements in the fight against South Africas apartheid regime".



                                     

2.11. By country Tanzania

In Tanzania, it is a public holiday on 1 May and celebrated as the Workers Day.

                                     

2.12. By country Uganda

In Uganda, Labour Day is a public holiday on 1 May.

                                     

2.13. By country Zimbabwe

1 May is recognized as public holiday in Zimbabwe and called Workers Day.

                                     

2.14. By country Argentina

In Argentina, Workers Day is an official holiday, and is frequently associated with the labour unions. Celebrations related to labour are held, including demonstrations in major cities.

The first Workers Day celebration was in 1890, when Argentinian unions, controlled in those days by socialists and anarchists, organized several joint celebrations in Buenos Aires and other cities, at the same time that the international labour movement celebrated it for the first time. In 1930, it was established as an official holiday by the Radical Civic Union president Hipolito Yrigoyen. The day became particularly relevant during the worker-oriented government of Juan Domingo Peron 1946–55. He permitted and endorsed national recognition of the holiday during his tenure in office.

                                     

2.15. By country Brazil

In Brazil, Workers Day is an official holiday that is celebrated on 1 May, and unions commemorate it with day-long public events. It is also when salaries for most professional categories and the minimum wage are traditionally readjusted.

                                     

2.16. By country Canada

In Canada, Labour Day is celebrated in September. In 1894, the government of Prime Minister John Sparrow David Thompson declared the first Monday in September as Canadas official Labour Day. Labor Day in the United States is on the same day.

May Day is however marked by unions and leftists. It is celebrated on 1 May. May Day is an important day of trade union and community group protest in the province of Quebec though not a provincial state holiday. Celebration of the International Labour Day or "International Workers Day"; French: Journee internationale des travailleurs in Montreal goes back to 1906, organized by the Mutual Aid circle. The tradition had a renaissance at the time of a mass strike in 1972. On the 1973 May Day, the first contemporary demonstration was organized by the major trade union confederations; over 30.000 trade unionists took part in this demonstration. Further, it is the customary date on which the minimum wage rises.



                                     

2.17. By country Chile

President Carlos Ibañez del Campo decreed 1 May a national holiday in 1931, in honour of the dignity of workers. All stores and public services must close for the entire day, and the major trade unions of Chile, represented in the national organization Workers United Center of Chile Central Unitaria de Trabajadores, organize rallies during the morning hours, with festivities and cookouts in the later part of the day, in all the major cities of Chile. During these rallies, representatives of the major left-wing political parties speak to the assemblies on the issues of the day concerning workers’ rights.

                                     

2.18. By country Colombia

1 May has long been recognized as Labour Day and almost all workers respect it as a national holiday. As in many other countries, it is common to see rallies by the trade unions in all over the main regional capitals of the country.

                                     

2.19. By country Costa Rica

First celebrated in 1913, labor day is a public holiday, and at the same time an important day for government activities. On this day, the President of Costa Rica gives a speech to the citizens and the legislature of Costa Rica about the duties that were undertaken through the previous year. The president of the legislature is also chosen by its members.

                                     

2.20. By country Cuba

This day is known as Labour Day in Cuba. People march in the streets, showing their support to the Cuban Communist government and the Cuban Revolution during the whole morning.

                                     

2.21. By country Dominican Republic

1 May is a national holiday known as Labour Day and celebrated by workers parades and demonstration.

                                     

2.22. By country Ecuador

In Ecuador, 1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day. People dont go to work and spend time with their relatives or gather for demonstrations.

                                     

2.23. By country El Salvador

1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day.

                                     

2.24. By country Guatemala

1 May is an official public holiday known as Labour Day.

                                     

2.25. By country Haiti

1 May is an official public holiday known as Agriculture and Labour Day.

                                     

2.26. By country Honduras

1 May is an official holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Honduras.

                                     

2.27. By country Mexico

1 May is a federal holiday. It also commemorates the Cananea Strike of 1906 in the Mexican state of Sonora.

                                     

2.28. By country Panama

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Panama.

                                     

2.29. By country Paraguay

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Paraguay.

                                     

2.30. By country Peru

1 May is an official public holiday, known as "Labour Day" within Peru.

                                     

2.31. By country United States

In the United States, a "Labor Day", celebrated on the first Monday of each September was given increasing state recognition from 1887, and became an official federal holiday in 1894.

Efforts to switch Labor Day from September to 1 May have not been successful.

In 1947, 1 May was established as Loyalty Day by the U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars as a way to counter communist influence and recruitment at May Day rallies. Loyalty Day was celebrated across the country with patriotic parades and ceremonies, however the growing conflict over U.S. involvement in Vietnam detracted from the popularity of these celebrations. In 1958, the American Bar Association campaigned to have 1 May designated as Law Day, which was acknowledged in 1961 by a joint resolution of Congress. Law Day exercises, such as mock trials and courthouse tours, are often sponsored by the American Bar Association.

Unions and radical organizations including anarchist groups and socialist and communist parties have kept the international May Day tradition alive with rallies and demonstrations. In 1919 the left mounted especially large demonstrations, and violence greeted the normally peaceful parades in Boston, New York, and Cleveland and a number of people were killed. In Milwaukee, an annual commemoration takes place at the site of the killing of seven workers during an 8 hour march. Some of the largest examples of this occurred during the Great Depression of the 1930s, when hundreds of thousands of workers marched in May Day parades in New Yorks Union Square, while cities like Chicago and Duluth saw large demonstrations organized by the communist party.

In 2006, 1 May was chosen by mostly Latino immigrant groups in the United States as the day for the Great American Boycott, a general strike of undocumented immigrant workers and supporters to protest H.R. 4437, immigration reform legislation that they felt was draconian. From 10 April to 1 May of that year, immigrant families in the U.S. called for immigrant rights, workers rights and amnesty for undocumented workers. They were joined by socialist and other leftist organizations on 1 May. On 1 May 2007, a mostly peaceful demonstration in Los Angeles in support of undocumented immigrant workers ended with a widely televised dispersal by police officers. In March 2008, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union announced that dockworkers will move no cargo at any West Coast ports on 1 May 2008, as a protest against the continuation of the Iraq War and the diversion of resources from domestic needs.

On 1 May 2012, members of Occupy Wall Street and labor unions held protests together in a number of cities in the United States and Canada to commemorate May Day and to protest the state of the economy and economic inequality.

On 1 May 2017, immigrants rights advocates, labor unions and leftists held protests against the immigration and economic policies of President Donald Trump in cities throughout the US, Chicago and Los Angeles having some of the largest marches.



                                     

2.32. By country Uruguay

In Uruguay, 1 May – Workers Day – is an official holiday. Even when it is associated with labour unions, almost all workers tend to respect it. Since the late 1990s, the main event takes place at the First of May Square in Montevideo.

                                     

2.33. By country Venezuela

1 May is an official holiday in Venezuela. El Dia del Trabajador is celebrated on 1 May in Venezuela since 1936, but from 1938 to 1945 it was held on 24 July, by an order of Eleazar Lopez Contreras. However, Isaias Medina Angarita changed it back to 1 May in 1945.

                                     

2.34. By country Bahrain

In Bahrain, 1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.35. By country Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, 1 May Day is a public holiday and called May Day. A parade and other events are held on the day to commemorate the occasion.

                                     

2.36. By country Cambodia

In Cambodia, it is known as International Labour Day and is a public holiday. No marches for labour day were permitted in Cambodia for several years after the 2013 Cambodian general election and surrounding mass protetsts. A tightly controlled march on a limited scale was first permitted again in 2019.

                                     

2.37. By country China

1 May is a statutory holiday in the Peoples Republic of China. Prior to 2008, it was a three-day holiday, but is now just the one day. However, it is usually supplemented by two other days to give the appearance of a three-day holiday, but not being statutory holidays the extra days have to be "made up" by working either the preceding or following weekend. For example, in 2013, 1 May fell on Wednesday. Most workplaces, including all government offices, took Monday 29 April, Tuesday 30 April, and Wednesday 1 May off. As the first two days were not statutory holidays they had to be "made up" by working the preceding weekend 27 and 28 April.

International Workers Day is also celebrated in Chinas special administrative regions. In Hong Kong, 1 May is known as Labour Day and has been considered a public holiday since 1999. In Macau, it is a public holiday and is officially known as Dia do Trabalhador Portuguese for "Workers Day".

                                     

2.38. By country India

In India, Labour Day is a public holiday held on every 1 May. The holiday is tied to labour movements for communist and socialist political parties. Labour Day is known as "Uzhaipalar dhinam" in Tamil and was first celebrated in Madras, "Kamgar Din" in Hindi, "Karmikara Dinacharane" in Kannada,"Karmika Dinotsavam in Telugu, "Kamgar Divas" in Marathi, "Thozhilaali Dinam" in Malayalam and "Shromik Dibosh" in Bengali. Since Labour day is not a national holiday, Labour day is observed as public holiday at State Governments discretion. Many parts especially in North Indian States its not a public holiday.

The first May Day celebration in India was organized in Madras now Chennai by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on 1 May 1923. This was also the first time the red flag was used in India. The party leader Singaravelu Chettiar made arrangements to celebrate May Day in two places in 1923. One meeting was held at the beach opposite to the Madras High Court; the other meeting was held at the Triplicane beach. The Hindu newspaper, published from Madras reported,

The Labour Kisan party has introduced May Day celebrations in Madras. Comrade Singaravelar presided over the meeting. A resolution was passed stating that the government should declare May Day as a holiday. The president of the party explained the non-violent principles of the party. There was a request for financial aid. It was emphasised that workers of the world must unite to achieve independence.

1 May is also celebrated as "Maharashtra Day" and "Gujarat Day" to mark the date in 1960, when the two western states attained statehood after the erstwhile Bombay State was divided on linguistic lines. Maharashtra Day is held at Shivaji Park in central Mumbai. Schools and offices in Maharashtra remain closed on 1 May. A similar parade is held to celebrate Gujarat Day in Gandhinagar.

Vaiko Vai Gopalsamy, General Secretary of Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, appealed to the then Prime Minister V. P. Singh to declare 1 May as a national holiday, to which the PM heeded and from then on it became a national holiday to celebrate International Labour Day.

                                     

2.39. By country Indonesia

May Day often referred locally as Labour Day in Indonesia was first observed as a public holiday from 2014. Every year on the day, labourers take over the streets in major cities across the country, voicing their demands for better income & a supportive policy by the ministries.

                                     

2.40. By country Iran

In Iran, 1 May is known as the International Workers Day. It is not a public holiday but according to article 63 of Iranian labour law on top of the official public holidays observed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Labour Day shall be considered an official holiday for workers.

                                     

2.41. By country Iraq

In Iraq, it is known as the International Workers Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.42. By country Israel

After varying popularity of labour day in the State of Israel, 1 May is not an official holiday. In the 1980s there were several large marches in Tel Aviv numbering as much as 350.000 in 1983 and a perhaps even more in 1988 but a steady decline in numbers led to only 5000 marchers in 2010. During the 1990s businesses began to treat it like a regular business day as the number of May Day related activities decreased and opened as usual. 1 May is also celebrated by the former Soviet Jews who immigrated to Israel in the 1990s.

                                     

2.43. By country Japan

May Day is not officially designated by the Japanese government as a national holiday, but as it lies between other national holidays, it is a day off work for the vast majority of Japanese workers. Many employers give it as a day off, and otherwise workers take it as "paid leave". 1 May occurs during "Golden Week", together with 29 April "Shōwa Day", 3 May "Constitution Memorial Day", 4 May "Greenery Day" and 5 May "Childrens Day". Workers generally take the day off work not so much to join street rallies or labour union gatherings, but more to go on holiday for several consecutive days in Japanese corporate culture, taking weekdays off for personal pleasure is widely frowned upon.

Some major labour unions organize rallies and demonstrations in Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya. Japan has a long history of labour activism and has had a communist and socialist party in the Diet since 1945. In 2008, the National Confederation of Trade Unions Zenrōren held a rally in Yoyogi Park attended by 44.000 participants, while the National Trade Unions Council Zenrōkyō held its May Day rally at Hibiya Park. Rengō, the largest Japanese trade union, held its May Day rally on the following Saturday 3 May, allegedly to distance itself from the more radical labour unions.

                                     

2.44. By country Jordan

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.45. By country Lebanon

1 May known as the Workers Day and is a public holiday. Left-wing parties and workers unions organize marches on the 1st of May.

                                     

2.46. By country Malaysia

Malaysia began observing the holiday in 1972 following an announcement by the late Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister, Ismail Abdul Rahman.

                                     

2.47. By country Maldives

Maldives first observed the holiday in 2011, after a declaration by President Mohamed Nasheed. He noted that this move highlighted the government’s commitment as well as efforts of private parties to protect and promote workers’ rights in the Maldives.

                                     

2.48. By country Myanmar

In Myanmar, 1 May is known as Labour Day Burmese: အလုပ်သမားနေ့ and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.49. By country Nepal

1 May Day has been celebrated in Nepal since 1963. The day became a public holiday in 2007.

                                     

2.50. By country North Korea

In the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, 1 May is known as International Workers Day, and is a public holiday. Celebrations, local meetings and rallies are held every year throughout the country to honor the holiday. The Rungnado May Day Stadium in the capital of Pyongyang is named in honor of the holiday.

                                     

2.51. By country Pakistan

International Labour Day is observed in Pakistan on 1 May to commemorate the social and economic achievements of workers. It is a public and national holiday. Many organized street demonstrations take place on Labor Day, where workers and labor unions protest against labor repression and demand for more rights, better wages and benefits.

                                     

2.52. By country Palestine

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.53. By country Philippines

1 May is known as Labor Day Filipino: Araw ng mga Manggaggawa and is a public holiday in the Philippines. On this day, labour organizations and unions hold protests in major cities. On 1 May 1903, during the American colonial period the Union Obrera Democratica Filipina Filipino Democratic Labor Union held a 100.000-person rally in front of the Malacañang Palace demanding workers economic rights and Philippine independence. Ten years later, the first official celebration was held on 1 May 1913 when 36 labour unions convened for a congress in Manila. On 1 May 2001, a mass demonstration occurred near Malacañang Palace known as EDSA 3 or 1 May Riots.

During the Presidency of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, a policy was adopted called holiday economics policy that moved holidays to either a Monday or a Friday to create a long weekend of three days. In 2002, Labor Day was moved to the Monday nearest to 1 May. Labour groups protested, as they accused the Arroyo administration of belittling the holiday. By 2008, Labor Day was excluded in the holiday economics policy, returning the commemorations to 1 May, no matter what day of the week it falls on.

                                     

2.54. By country Singapore

In Singapore, it is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.55. By country South Korea

In the Republic of Korea, 1 May is known simply as "Workers Day". It is not a public holiday, but a paid holiday for workers by the Designation of Workers Day Act.

                                     

2.56. By country Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, it is observed on 1 May and is a government and public holiday. The government has held official May Day celebrations in major towns and cities, with the largest being in the capital, Colombo. During celebrations, it is common to witness party leaders greeting the crowds. Workers frequently carry banners with political slogans and many parties decorate their vehicles.

                                     

2.57. By country Syria

1 May is known as Labour Day and is a public holiday.

                                     

2.58. By country Taiwan

May 1 is known as Labor Day in Taiwan, an official holiday, though not everybody gets a day off. Students and teachers do not have this day off.

                                     

2.59. By country Thailand

In Thailand, the day is known in English as National Labour Day, and is one of 17 official public holidays in Thailand.

                                     

2.60. By country Vietnam

In Vietnam, it is known as International Labour Day Vietnamese: Ngày Quốc tế Lao dong and is a public holiday. It was first celebrated in 1913.

                                     

2.61. By country Eastern Bloc under communist governments

Eastern Bloc countries such as the Soviet Union and most countries of central and eastern Europe that were under the rule of communist governments held official May Day celebrations in every town and city, during which party leaders greeted the crowds. Workers carried banners with political slogans and many companies decorated their company cars. The biggest celebration of 1 May usually occurred in the capital of a particular communist country and usually included a military display and the presence of the president and the secretary general of the party. In Poland, since 1982, party leaders led the official parades. In Hungary, May Day was officially celebrated under the communist regime, and remains a public holiday. Traditionally, the day was marked by dancing around designated "May trees". Some factories in communist countries were named in honour of International Workers Day, such as 1 Maja Coal Mine in Wodzislaw Slaski, Poland.

                                     

2.62. By country Albania

Labour Day Albanian: Dita e punetoreve is an official holiday celebrated on 1 May and thus schools and most businesses are closed.

                                     

2.63. By country Armenia

Labour Day Armenian: Աշխատանքի օր, ashxatanki or is an official holiday celebrated on 1 May.

                                     

2.64. By country Austria

Labour Day Tag der Arbeit, officially called Staatsfeiertag states holiday, is a public holiday in Austria. Left parties, especially social democrats organize celebrations with marches and speeches in all major cities. In smaller towns and villages those marches are held the night before.

                                     

2.65. By country Belgium

In Belgium, Labour Day, is observed on 1 May and is an official holiday since 1948. Various socialist and communist organizations hold parades and other events in different cities.

                                     

2.66. By country Bosnia and Herzegovina

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1 and 2 May Bosnian and Serbian: Prvi Maj / Први Mај, Croatian: Prvi Svibanj are an official holiday and day-off for public bodies and schools at the national level. Most people celebrate this holiday by visiting natural parks and resorts. Additionally, in some places public events are organized. In its capital city, Sarajevo, 12 and 13 June are also celebrated as Labour day due to its many natural parks and springs.

                                     

2.67. By country Bulgaria

Labour Day is one of the public holidays in Bulgaria, where it is known as Labour Day and International Workers Solidarity Day Bulgarian: Ден на труда и на международната работническа солидарност. The first attempt to celebrate it was in 1890 by the Bulgarian Typographical Association. In 1939, Labour Day was declared an official holiday. Since 1945 the communist authorities in the Peoples Republic of Bulgaria began to celebrate the holiday every year. After the end of socialism in Bulgaria in 1989 Labour Day continues to be an official and public holiday, but state authorities are not committed to the organization of mass events. It is celebrated annually on 1 May.

                                     

2.68. By country Croatia

In Croatia, 1 May is a national holiday. Many public events are organized and held all over the country where bean soup is given out to all people as a symbol of a real workers dish. Red carnations are also handed out to symbolise the origin of the day. In Zagreb, the capital, a major gathering is in Maksimir Park, which is located in the east part of Zagreb. In Split, the largest city on the coast, people go to Marjan, a park-forest at the western end of Split peninsula. During World War II in Yugoslavia in the Independent State of Croatia under the Ustashe fascist regime it was marked in honor of labour, social justice and solidarity of workers.

                                     

2.69. By country Cyprus

In Cyprus, 1 May Greek: Εργατική Πρωτομαγιά is considered as an official Public Holiday Labour Day. In general, all stores remain closed in public and private sector. The Labor Union and Syndicates celebrate with various festivals and events across the country.

                                     

2.70. By country Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, 1 May is an official and national holiday known as Labour Day Czech: Svatek prace.

                                     

2.71. By country Denmark

In Denmark, 1 May is not an official holiday, but a variety of individuals, mostly in the public sector, construction industry, and production industry, get a half or a whole day off. It was first celebrated in Copenhagen in 1890. The location of the first celebration, the Fælledparken, still plays an important part today with speeches by politicians and trade unionists to mark the occasion. Many other events are also held around the country to commemorate the day.

                                     

2.72. By country Estonia

In Estonia, 1 May is a public holiday and celebrated as Disc golf day. A national holiday, celebrated with marching bands, parades and everybody plays disc golf and drink large amounts of local beer

                                     

2.73. By country Finland

In Finland, 1 May is an official and national holiday. Apart from Workers Day officially: suomalaisen tyon paiva, "day of Finnish labour", it is also celebrated as a feast of students, and spring, called vappu or Walpurgis Night.

                                     

2.74. By country France

In France, 1 May is a public holiday. It is, in fact, the only day of the year when employees are legally obliged to be given leave, save professions that cannot be interrupted due to their nature such as workers in hospitals and public transport. Demonstrations and marches are a Labour Day tradition in France, where trade unions organize parades in major cities to defend workers rights. It is also customary to offer a lily of the valley to friends or family. This custom dates back to 1561, when king Charles IX, aged 10, waiting for his accession to the throne, gave a lily of the valley to all ladies present. Today, the fiscal administration exempts individuals and workers organizations from any tax or administrative duties related to the sales of lilies of the valley, provided they are gathered from the wild, and not bought to be resold.

                                     

2.75. By country Germany

In April 1933, the recently installed Nazi government declared 1 May the "Day of National Work", an official state holiday, and announced that all celebrations were to be organized by the government. Any separate celebrations by communists, social democrats or labour unions were banned. After World War II, 1 May remained a state holiday in both East and West Germany. In communist East Germany, workers were de facto required to participate in large state-organized parades on May Day. Today in Germany it is simply called "Labour Day" Tag der Arbeit, and there are numerous demonstrations and celebrations by independent workers organizations. Today, Berlin witnesses yearly demonstrations on May Day, the largest organized by labour unions, political parties and others by the far left and Autonomen.

Since 1987, May Day has also become known for riots in some districts of Berlin. After police actions against radical leftists in that years annual demonstrations, the Autonome scattered and sought cover at the ongoing annual street fair in Kreuzberg. Three years prior to the reunification of Germany, violent protests would only take place in the former West Berlin. The protesters began tipping over police cars, violently resisting arrest, and began building barricades after the police withdrew due to the unforeseen resistance. Cars were set on fire, shops plundered and burned to the ground. The police eventually ended the riots the following night. These violent forms of protests by the radical left, later increasingly involved participants without political motivation. Read more: May Day in Kreuzberg

Annual street fairs have proven an effective way to prevent riots, and May Day in 2005 and 2006 have been among the most peaceful known to Berlin in nearly 25 years. In recent years, neo-Nazis and other groups on the far right, such as the National Democratic Party of Germany, have used the day to schedule public demonstrations, often leading to clashes with left-wing protesters, which turned especially violent in Leipzig in 1998 and 2005.

May Day violence flared again in 2010. After an approved far right demonstration was blocked by leftists, a parade by an estimated 10.000 leftists and anarchists turned violent and resulted in an active response by Berlin police.

                                     

2.76. By country Greece

In Greece 1 May is an optional public holiday. The Ministry of Labour retains the right to classify it as an official public holiday on an annual basis, and it customarily does so. The day is called Ergatiki Proto-magia Εργατική Πρωτομαγιά, lit. "Workers 1 May" and celebrations are marked by demonstrations in which left-wing political parties, anti-authority groups, and workers unions participate. On May Day in 2010, there were major protests all over Greece, most notably Athens and Thessaloniki, by many left, anarchist and communist supporters and some violent clashes with riot police who were sent out to contain the protesters. They opposed economic reforms, an end to job losses and wage cuts in the face of the governments proposals of massive public spending cuts. These reforms are to fall in line with the IMF-EU-ECB loan proposals, which demand that Greece liberalize its economy and cut its public spending and private sector wages, which many believe will decrease living standards.

                                     

2.77. By country Hungary

Hungary celebrates 1 May as a national holiday, with open-air festivities and fairs all over the country. Many towns raise May poles and festivals with various themes are organized around the holiday. Left-wing parties and trade unions hold public rallies commemorating Labour Day.

                                     

2.78. By country Iceland

In Iceland the Labour Day Icelandic: Barattudagur verkalydsins is a public holiday. The first demonstration for workers rights in Island occurred in 1923. A parade composed of trade unions and other groups marches through towns and cities across the country and speeches are delivered. However, some private businesses are open, mainly in the capital.

                                     

2.79. By country Ireland

The Irish Congress of Trade Unions ITUC marks May Day with rallies take place in Belfast and Dublin and other events such as lectures, concerts and film screenings also take place around a wider May Day festival. The first Monday in May has been a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland since 1994 and in Northern Ireland since 1978. In the Republic the public holiday was demanded by the ITUC and proposed by the Labour Party in negotiating its 1992–94 coalition government with Fianna Fail, and marked the centenary of the ITUCs predecessor, the Irish Trades Union Congress. The public holiday has no official designation, as "Workers Day" or otherwise. In 2005, Labours Ruairi Quinn condemned, as a slight to workers, an alleged Fianna Fail proposal to replace the May holiday with one on 24 April commemorating the 1916 Rising; in fact the proposal was for an extra holiday.

                                     

2.80. By country Italy

The first May Day celebration in Italy took place in 1890. It started initially as an attempt to celebrate workers achievements in their struggle for their rights and for better social and economic conditions. It was abolished under the Fascist regime and immediately restored after the Second World War. During the fascist period, a "Holiday of the Italian Labour" Festa del lavoro italiano was celebrated on 21 April, the date of Natale di Roma, when ancient Rome was allegedly founded) May Day is now an important celebration in Italy and is a national holiday regardless of what day of the week it falls. The Concerto del Primo Maggio "1st of May Concert", organized by Italian labour unions in Rome in Piazza di Porta San Giovanni has become an important event in recent years. Every year the concert is attended by a large audience of mostly young people and involves the participation of many famous bands and songwriters, lasting from 3 pm until midnight. The concert is usually broadcast live by Rai 3.

                                     

2.81. By country Lithuania

First May Day is an official public holiday celebrated as International Work Day Lithuanian: Tarptautine darbo diena. Celebrations for workers day were mandatory during the Soviet occupation, and carry a negative connotation as a result today. As Lithuania declared its independence in 1990, Work Day lost its public holiday status, but regained it in 2001.

                                     

2.82. By country Estonia

In Estonia, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Spring Day or May Day. It is a popular celebration for students.

                                     

2.83. By country Latvia

First May Day is an official public holiday celebrated as Convocation of the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Latvia, Labour Day.

                                     

2.84. By country Luxembourg

In Luxembourg, 1 May, called the Dag vun der Aarbecht "Day of Labour", is a legal holiday traditionally associated with large demonstrations by trade unions in Luxembourg City and other cities.

                                     

2.85. By country Malta

In Malta, 1 May is an official public holiday celebrated as "Workers Day", together with the religious feast of "Saint Joseph the Worker". A free music event takes place on 1 May. The Maltese also celebrate Maltese accession to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

                                     

2.86. By country Montenegro

1 May is an official public holiday and a day off work and a day out of school. It is the only official holiday from socialist times that is still officially celebrated.

                                     

2.87. By country Netherlands

In the Netherlands, 1 May or Labour Day Dutch: Dag van de Arbeid is not an official holiday.

                                     

2.88. By country North Macedonia

In North Macedonia, 1 May Macedonian: Ден на Трудот, Den na Trydot is an official public holiday. Before 2007, 2 may was also a public holiday. People celebrate with friends and family at traditional picnics across the country, accompanied by the usual outdoor games, various grilled meats and beverages. Left organizations and some trade unions organize protests on 1 May.

                                     

2.89. By country Norway

In Norway, Labour Day Norwegian: Arbeidernes Dag is celebrated 1 May and is an official public holiday. It is traditionally a day of marches, speeches and parties organized by labour unions, leftist political parties and feminist and anti-racist organizations to voice political concerns and celebrate solidarity.

                                     

2.90. By country Poland

In Poland, since the fall of communism, 1 May is officially celebrated as May Day, but is commonly called Labour Day. it is currently celebrated without a specific connotation, and as such it is May Day. However, due to historical connotations, most of the large organized celebrations are focused around Labour Day festivities. It is customary for labour activists to organize parades in cities and towns across Poland. The holiday is also commonly referred to as "Labour Day" Polish: Swieto Pracy.

In Poland, May Day is closely followed by May 3rd Constitution Day. These two dates combined often result in a long weekend called Majowka, which may last for up to 9 days from 28 April to 6 May, at the cost of taking only 3 days off. People often travel, and Majowka is unofficially considered the start of barbecuing season in Poland.

Between these two, on 2 May, there is a patriotic holiday, the Day of the Polish Flag Dzien Flagi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, introduced by a Parliamentary Act of 20 February 2004. The day, however, does not force paid time off.

In Soviet times, streets, places, squares, parks and also factories were frequently named in honor of International Workers Day, such as 1 Maja Coal Mine in Wodzislaw Slaski.

                                     

2.91. By country Portugal

In Portugal, the 1 May celebration Portuguese: Primeiro de Maio was surpressed during the dictatorship of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar and Marcelo Caetanos Estado Novo regime. The first workers day demonstration was held a week after the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974. It is still the largest demonstration in the history of Portugal. It is used as an opportunity for workers and workers groups to voice their discontent over working conditions in demonstrations across Portugal, the largest being held in Lisbon. It is an official public holiday.

                                     

2.92. By country Romania

In Romania, 1 May, known as the International Labour Day Romanian: Ziua internaționala a muncii, the International Workers Day Ziua internaționala a oamenilor muncii, or simply 1/First of May 1/Intai Mai, is an official public holiday. During the communist regime, like in all former Eastern Bloc countries, the day was marked by large state-organized parades in most towns and cities. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, 1 May continues to be an official public holiday, but without any state organized events or parades. Most people celebrate together with friends and family, organising picnics and barbecues. It is also the first day of the year when people, especially those from the southeastern part of the country including the capital Bucharest, go to spend the day in one of the Romanian Black Sea resorts.

                                     

2.93. By country Russia

May Day was celebrated illegally in Russia until the February Revolution enabled the first legal celebration in 1917. The following year, after the Bolshevik seizure of power, the May Day celebrations were boycotted by Mensheviks, Left Socialist Revolutionaries and anarchists. It became an important official holiday of the Soviet Union, celebrated with elaborate popular parade in the centre of the major cities. The biggest celebration was traditionally organized in Red Square, where the General Secretary of the CPSU and other party and government leaders stood atop Lenins Mausoleum and waved to the crowds. Until 1969, the holiday was marked by military parades throughout the RSFSR and the union republics. In 1991, which preceded the last year that demonstrations were held in Red Square, May Day grew into high-spirited political action. Around 50.000 people participated in a rally in Red Square in 1991 after which the tradition was interrupted for 13 years. In the early post-Soviet period the holiday turned into massive political gatherings of supporters of radically minded politicians. For instance, an action dubbed as "a rally of communist-oriented organisations" was held in Red Square in 1992. The rally began with performance of the Soviet Union anthem and raising the Red Flag and ended with appeals from the leader of opposition movement Working Moscow, Viktor Anpilov, "for early dismissal of President Boris Yeltsin, ousting Moscow Mayor Gavriil Popov from power and putting the latter on trial". Since 1992, May Day is officially called "The Day of Spring and Labour", and remains a major holiday in present-day Russia.

Since 2014 a national civil parade is held on that day on Red Square with similar events held in major cities and regional capitals.

                                     

2.94. By country Serbia

In Serbia, 1 May and also 2 May is a day off work and a day out of school. It is one of the major popular holidays, and the only official holiday from socialist times that is still officially celebrated. People celebrate it all over the country. By tradition 1 May is celebrated by countryside picnics and outdoor barbecues. May is marked by warm weather in Serbia. In Belgrade, the capital, most people go to Avala or Kosutnjak, which are parks located in Rakovica and Čukarica. People go around the country to enjoy nature. A major religious holiday of Djurdjevdan is on 6 May so quite often days off work are given to connect these two holidays and weekend, creating a small spring break. 1 May is celebrated by most of the population regardless of political views.

                                     

2.95. By country Slovakia

In Slovakia, 1 May is an official holiday. Celebrations are held surrounding workers day but are also connected with the commemoration of the entry of the Slovak Republic into the European Union 1 May 2004.

                                     

2.96. By country Slovenia

In Slovenia, 1 May and 2 May are public holidays. There are many official events all over the country to celebrate workers day. In Ljubljana, the capital, the main celebration is held on Roznik Hill in the city. On the night of 30 April, bonfires are traditionally burned.

                                     

2.97. By country Spain

The first Dia del Trabajador was celebrated in 1889 but only became a public holiday with the beginning of the Spanish Second Republic in 1931. It was banned afterwards by the Franco regime in 1937. The year after it was decreed that the" Fiesta de la Exaltacion del Trabajo,” or Labor Festival, be held on July 18, his birthday, instead. After the death of Francisco Franco in 1975 and the move towards democracy, the first large rallies on May 1 began again in 1977. It was re-introduced as a public holiday in 1978. Commonly, peaceful demonstrations and parades occur in major and minor cities.

                                     

2.98. By country Sweden

1 May has been an important part of Swedish history since the late 19th century. The day was made a public holiday in 1938 but had been celebrated by the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the left since 1890. The first May Day celebration gathered more than 50.000 people in central Stockholm. The crowd went to hear speeches by the leading figures in the Swedish labour movement such as Hjalmar Branting later prime minister, August Palm and Hinke Bergegren. During World War I the demonstrations mainly had a peace message and the Liberal Party also joined the demonstrations. The 8-hour working day and womens suffrage were the principal themes during the troubled times after World War I.

Recognizing the central contributions of workers and international worker solidarity in Swedish social, economic, political and cultural development, May Day demonstrations are an important part of Swedish politics and culture for social democrats, left parties, and unions. In Stockholm the Social Democratic Party always marches towards Norra Bantorget, the historical, physical centre of the Swedish labour movement, where they hold speeches in front of the headquarters of the Swedish Trade Union Confederation, while the smaller Left Party marches in larger numbers towards Kungstradgården.

Since 1967, the Communist Party and its youth wing, Revolutionary Communist Youth, have held their own May Day march, known as Rod Front Red Front. In 2016, Rod Front marches were held at 33 locations across the country. The largest Rod Front marches are usually held in the industrial and financial port town of Gothenburg, Swedens second-largest city and one of the partys strongholds.

                                     

2.99. By country Switzerland

In Switzerland, the status of 1 May differs depending on the canton and sometimes on the municipality. Labour Day is known as Tag der Arbeit in German-speaking cantons, as Fête du travail in the French-speaking cantons, and as Festa del lavoro in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino.

  • In the municipalities of Hildisrieden and Schupfheim both in the canton of Lucerne as well as in Muotathal canton of Schwyz, 1 May is an official public holiday, but as commemoration day of the local patron saint, not as Labour Day. In the other parts of the cantons of Lucerne and Schwyz, 1 May is a regular work day.
  • In the canton of Solothurn it is an official half-day holiday starting at 12 noon.
  • In the canton of Aargau it is not an official holiday, but most employees get the afternoon off.
  • In the cantons of Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Jura, Neuchatel, and Zurich, Labour Day is an official public holiday equal to Sundays, based on federal law.
  • In the cantons of Schaffhausen, Thurgau, and Ticino, Labour Day is an official "day off" Ruhetag. This is equal in practice to an official public holiday, but is not based on federal law and cantonal regulations may differ in details.
  • In the canton of Fribourg, public servants get the afternoon off, many companies follow this practice.
  • In all other cantons, 1 May is a regular work day.

The largest Labour Day celebrations in Switzerland are held in the city of Zurich. Each year, Zurich s 1 May committee, together with the Swiss Federation of Trade Unions, organizes a festival and 1 May rally. It is the largest rally held on a regular basis in Switzerland.

                                     

2.100. By country Turkey

1 May is an official holiday celebrated in Turkey. It was a holiday until 1981 when it was cancelled after the 1980 coup detat. In 2010, the Turkish government restored the holiday after some casualties and demonstrations. Taksim Square is the centre of the celebrations due to the Taksim Square massacre.

Workers Day was first celebrated in 1912 in Istanbul and in 1899 in Izmir. After the establishment of the Turkish Republic, it became an official holiday. In 1924, it was forbidden by a decree and in both 1924 and 1925, demonstrations were intervened by arm floats. In 1935, The National Assembly declared Workers Day to be a holiday again.

During the events leading to the 1980 Turkish coup detat, a massacre occurred on 1 May 1977 Taksim Square massacre, in which unknown people agents provocateurs opened fire on the crowd. The crowd was the biggest in Turkish workers history with the number of people approximating 500.000. In the next two years, provocations and confusion continued and peaked before the 1980 coup detat. The Workers Day holiday was cancelled once again. Still, demonstrations continued with small crowds, and in 1996, three people were killed by police bullets, and a plain-clothes man who spied in the crowd was revealed and lynched by workers. On the same evening, a video broadcast on TV showed that two participants in the demonstration were lynched by far right-wing nationalist groups and this lynching occurred in front of police forces who were watching the scene with happy faces. Thus, 1 May 1996 has been remembered by workers movements.

In 2007, the 30th anniversary of the Taksim square massacre, leftist workers unions wanted to commemorate the massacre in Taksim square. Since the government would not let them into the square, 580–700 people were stopped and 1 person died under police control. After these events, the government declared 1 May as "Work and Solidarity Day" but not as a holiday. In the next year, the day was declared as a holiday, but people were still not allowed to gather in Taksim Square. The year 2008 was remembered with police violence in Istanbul. Police fired tear gas grenades among the crowds, and into hospitals and a primary school. Workers pushed forward so that in 2010, 140.000 people gathered in Taksim, and in 2011 there were more than half a million demonstrators.

After 3 years of peaceful meetings in 2013, meetings in Taksim Square were forbidden by the government. Clashes occurred between police and workers; water cannon and tear gas have been widely used.

                                     

2.101. By country Ukraine

It is a public holiday in Ukraine, inherited from the Soviet era. Until 2018, 2 May was also a public holiday as in the Soviet era, instead in 2017 Western Christianitys Christmas celebrated 25 December became a new Ukrainian public holiday. The 1 May International Workers Day remained a Ukrainian public holiday, although it was renamed also in 2017 from "Day of International Solidarity of Workers" to "Labour Day".

In 2015, May Day rallies were banned in Kyiv and Kharkiv.

Late May 2015 laws that ban communist symbols came into effect in Ukraine, thus banning communist symbols, singing the Soviet national hymn or the Internationale.

According to Interior Minister Arsen Avakov during the 2016 May Day rallies in some major cities the number of police officers far outnumbered the number of rally participants. With in Dnipro 193 policemen protecting 25 rally participants.

                                     

2.102. By country United Kingdom

The spring bank holiday in the United Kingdom known as May Day was created in 1978 and is held on the first Monday in May each year.

There are many traditional May Day rites and celebrations, some of which have been held for hundreds of years. However, it wasnt until the late 20th century that May Day in Great Britain became linked to International Workers Day, and the holiday is not officially a "Labour Day".

In recent years, the anti-capitalist movement has organized a number of large protests in London, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Doncaster. In London, these have resulted in clashes with the police. In 2000, the clashes ended with a branch of McDonalds being smashed and a statue of Winston Churchill being given a grass Mohawk hairstyle. The Cenotaph was also defaced with graffiti. In the last few years, demonstrations have been more peaceful, with marches and gatherings, particularly in central London. The Conservative-led coalition government in March 2011 announced plans to move the May Day bank holiday to October to lengthen the tourist season, although as of 2017 nothing had come of this. A London rally on May Day is organized by the London May Day Organising Committee.

                                     

2.103. By country Australia

While unofficial activities and commemorations associated with International Workers Day occur on May Day in Australia, Labour Day in the various states and territories generally falls on other days. Only in the Northern Territory where it is called May Day and Queensland is Labour Day celebrated on the first Monday in May, which is a public holiday under the name of "May Day". Queensland holds the biggest rallies in Australia, with the rally in Brisbane averaging 30.000 people. Citation needed In Australia, one of the first May Day marches occurred in Queensland on 1 May 1891. There are also rallies held in Cairns, Rockhampton, Townsville, Barcaldine, Ipswich, Toowoomba, Bundaberg, Maryborough, Sunshine Coast, Gold Coast and other regional centres. Citation needed

                                     

2.104. By country New Zealand

New Zealand workers were among the first in the world to claim the right for an eight-hour working day when, in 1840, the carpenter Samuel Parnell won an eight-hour day in Wellington. Labour Day was first celebrated in New Zealand on 28 October 1890. Labour day falls every year on the fourth Monday of October.

                                     
  • Workers Memorial Day International Workers Memorial Day or International Commemoration Day ICD for Dead and Injured or Day of Mourning takes place
  • International Whores Day or International Sex Workers Day is observed annually on June 2 of each year, honours sex workers and recognises their often
  • Labour Day Labor Day in the United States is an annual holiday to celebrate the achievements of workers Labour Day has its origins in the labour union
  • International Women s Day IWD is celebrated on the 8th of March every year. It is a focal point in the movement for woman s rights. After the Socialist
  • 19th century, May Day was chosen as the date for International Workers Day by the Socialists and Communists of the Second International to commemorate the
  • The Committee for a Workers International CWI is an international association of Trotskyist political parties. As the result of a split in 2019 there
  • Socialist Workers Sport International German: Sozialistische Arbeitersport Internationale, SASI was an international socialist sporting organisation
  • Labor Day Canada s Labour Day is also celebrated on the first Monday of September. More than 80 countries celebrate International Workers Day on May
  • The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day is a United Nations - sanctioned holiday observed annually on 21 September
  • is designated Labour Day or International Workers Day But on February 5, 1958, President Eisenhower recognized the first Law Day when he proclaimed that
  • remained the global date for International Women s Day ever since. In the former Soviet Union, 1 May was International Workers Day and was celebrated with
                                     
  • The International Ladies Garment Workers Union ILGWU was once one of the largest labor unions in the United States, one of the first U.S. unions to
  • The International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers IAM is an AFL - CIO CLC trade union representing approx. 646, 933 workers as of 2006 in
  • Assembly adopted a resolution on the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Each
  • The International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers Unions ICEM was a global union federation of trade unions. As of November
  • International Nurses Day IND is an international day observed around the world on 12 May the anniversary of Florence Nightingale s birth of each year
  • The International Workers Association IWA Spanish: AIT Asociacion Internacional de los Trabajadores, German: IAA - Internationale ArbeiterInnen Assoziation
  • Margo St. James Sex - positive feminism International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers List of sex worker organizations Shah, Svati P. 2011 Sex
  • United Food and Commercial Workers International Union UFCW is a labor union representing approximately 1.3 million workers in the United States and Canada
  • The International Federation of Textile Workers Association was a global union federation bringing together unions of textile workers principally in
  • a resolution calling for an international demonstration for the eight - hour working day on May 1. The International Workers Congress, or possibilist congress
                                     
  • level seminar pertaining to current social work challenges and practices. International Social Workers Day is an annual event of PSWA. Official homepage
  • International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers is observed annually on December 17 by sex workers their advocates, friends, families and allies
  • Radio Day Russian: День радио Den Radio Communications Workers Day as it is officially known in Russia or Radio and Television Day Ден на радиото
  • granted the ten - hour day in 1847. French workers won the 12 - hour day after the February Revolution of 1848. A shorter working day and improved working
  • The Workers National Democratic Party WDP Arabic: حزب العمال الديمقراطي is a workers political party in Egypt formed shortly after the Egyptian
  • The International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists is a UN - recognized international day observed annually on 2 November. The day draws
  • The Transgender Day of Remembrance TDoR also known as the International Transgender Day of Remembrance, has been observed annually from its inception
  • The French Section of the Workers International French: Section française de l Internationale ouvriere, SFIO was a French socialist party founded in
  • workers into membership. Meanwhile, other much smaller far - left groups emerged as a result of their members being expelled from the IS. The Workers

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation

Lithuania weather may.

The Namibian 1 day ago Extinction of cold water corals on the Namibian shelf due Would you say that the Russian farm deal is in the best interest of Namibia? Namibia public holidays news and updates 1988 South Africa agrees to. Human Rights, International law, Labour Relations, Business and Corporate law. Workers, Activists Mark May Day With Defiant Rallies. See also: Public holidays in the Soviet Union If the date of observance falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be a day off in lieu of the holiday. Workers, activists mark May Day with defiant rallies National News. Major National Holidays. New Year Holiday. Orthodox Christmas day. Defender of the Fatherland Day. International Womens Day. Spring and Labour Day. Victory Day. Russia Day. Unity Day.


Educators Leave Their Mark on International Workers Day.

International Workers Day is a celebration of the international labour movement This is a national holiday in more than 80 countries, and celebrated unofficially in Glass Christmas ornament, Russian New Year, USSR, Soviet Union, 1950s. Labour Day May Day Workers Day of Kazak AGlobalWorld. 1 May 2015 The Bloody Story of How May Day Became a Holiday for Workers On the other hand, its a day of worker solidarity and protest though the U.S. of the Haymarket affair, May 1 would be an international holiday for labor, now. International Workers Day Labor Day May 1, 2019 AnydayGuide. There are a total of 24 official and commemorative holidays in Russia. A few of the holidays There is May Day, International Workers Day on May 1. They also.


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1 May 2017 The parade comes on the eve of May Day or Beltane which although more synonymous with International Workers Day, or Labor Day. Workers around the world now celebrate the holiday with marches and protests. of 1919–20, and was spurred by the October Revolution by the Bolsheviks in Russia. What is May Day and why are workers and activists rallying today. 1 May 2018 International Workers Day is a public holiday in many countries. the Red Square on the main streets of the Russian capital to mark May Day. International Workers Day Solidarity and the Search for Global. May 1 is celebrated in many countries as International Workers Day Labor Day. In most of these countries, it is a public holiday. About International Womens Day. International Womens Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at Russian women observed their first International Womens Day on the last. May Day Celebrants Fill Moscows Red Square RFE RL. 1 May 2019 Centenary of the Russian Revolution International Workers Day Sees Increasing Class Struggle. By Worldwide, May 1 is a working class holiday. More American workers went out on strike in 2018 than any single year.


International Womens Day Sociagoogle - wiki.info.

13 May 2019 May 1 is a holiday in many countries around the world and is known as Labor and Spring Day in present Russia. In the USSR it was celebrated. Public Holidays by Country Diversity Resources. May Day is a national public holiday in Russia. Herewith my photos from the Red Square The date was chosen for International Workers Day by the. International Workers Day Alchetron, the free social encyclopedia. This public holiday gives often multiple days off and celebrates the end of The Great Formerly International Workers Solidarity Day under the old Communist. International Womens Day 8 March Womens Day History. International Womens Day IWD is celebrated annually on March 8. attention to working conditions and labour legislation in the United States that became a Russian women observed their first International Womens Day on the last Sunday IWD is an official holiday in many countries including Afghanistan, Armenia,. Do you ever feel like a misfit everything inside you is dark and. The decision for the 8 hour day was made by the National Labor Union in August. May Day an international labor holiday As plans for the 8 hour movement. In another six months, the Russian workers will celebrate the first of May of the.


International Workers Day Revolvy.

The Russian orthodox calendar has a very interesting history. Public holidays, hindu religious events, date as per Vikram samvat calendar along with lunar active member of the Australian Council for International Development ACFID and adheres. Hijri Month Starts On Day of Week Days in Month Muharram 1439:. Bahrain Labour Law In Malayalam TAP TV Tonight. May Day was celebrated illegally in Russia until the February Revolution It became an important official holiday of the Soviet Union,. Why does Britain have two random bank holidays in May. This ecommerce holiday marketing calendar will give you a quick summary of So if your target audience is based in Russia, Ukraine, Israel, Egypt, Bulgaria, Use this day to talk movies with your followers on social media, or share International Womens Day celebrates womens equality and contributions to the world. Over 2.5mn people celebrate International Workers Day across. International Workers Day, also known as Workers Day, Labour Day in some In Algeria, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Labour Day. called The Day of Spring and Labour, and remains a major holiday in present day Russia.


1 May, International Workers Day, Labour Day, May Day Stock.

You can download 899 667 of International Workers Day Holiday Birthday May International Workers Day Labour Day Public holidays in China Mid Autumn. The History of May Day Marxists Internet Archive. The two countries are at odds on many issues internationally, from Irans nuclear. Russians, who now dont have to grow their own produce and can often holiday abroad. Though the Sino Russian partnership is growing by the day and will. But former Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen noted a lot of workers are. International Workers Day India. International Workers Day, also known as Workers Day, May Day or Labour Day In Algeria, 1 May is a public holiday celebrated as Labour Day. The Day of Spring and Labour, and remains a major holiday in present day Russia. Happy International Workers Day Labour Russian Embassy in. List of Lesotho 2019 official public holidays, bank holidays, government Puerto Rico, Qatar, Republique Centrafricaine, Reunion, Romania, Russia May 1, Wednesday, Workers Day Below is the list of global holidays observed as non working public holidays in Lesotho, with the dates of these global holidays for the.

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5 May 2018 Chinese Province Spent International Workers Day Shaming People was done at peak traffic hours during the national holiday in order to. Lesotho Public Holidays 2019 Africa SADC google - wiki.info. 1 May 2018 International Workers Day is a public holiday in many countries, though Square on the main streets of the Russian capital to mark May Day. Public holidays in Russia latest News Video EBL News. 1 May 2018 International Workers Day is a public holiday in many countries, In St. Petersburg, Russias second largest city, Russians unhappy with the. Public holidays in Russia pedia. All Saints Day is a public holiday in Poland on November 1 each year. by the Poland Central Statistical Office to the International Labour Organization. of Poland, to them, is emancipation of their own country from Russian vassalage. Workers, activists mark May Day with defiant rallies Deseret News. 1 May 2018 May Day also known as International Workers Day is both a seasonal The earliest May Day celebrations were celebrated as a pagan holiday in Roman A fight for eight hour workdays and unions put the focus on the labor Russias left wing parties and movements march during a May Day rally.


Workers, Activists Mark May Day With Defiant Rallies Lex18.com.

Official name intentionally omitted any descriptive name is much more obscure than just the day and month. Used to be called International Workers Day in. May 1 Labour Day: What is International Workers Day? WorldNews. User anitabissette uploaded this International Workers Day Holiday Russia Laborer Ansichtkaart PNG image on July 1, 2018, 4:52 am. The resolution of this file. Erdoğan marks May Day, praises workers role in growth Yeni Safak. Labor Day in Russia is celebrated on May 1st. translation of this Russian phrase will be The day of international solidarity of workers. May 1 Labor and. Workers, activists mark May Day with defiant rallies The Recorder. 1 May 2018 1 May was the day of solidarity with the workers in the USA who were It was on 1 May 1886 when the first strike began to reach this goal. It has become one of the greatest international holidays of the working class, Airport President Ader renominates chief public prosecutor Polt Russian Hungarian.


Public holidays in Russia Howling Pixel.

30 Aug 2013 This was especially skillful because May Day began not in Russia or Finland or The chance to open fire on the workers conveniently arrived when a crude and it inspired the creation of International Workers Day on May Day of Very crafty U.S. holiday planners within the federal government were told. International Workers Day Sees Increasing Class Struggle Socialist. 20 Dec 2018 Weve prepared a guide, including Chinas 2019 national holiday schedule. Top long haul destinations on Ctrip were the US, Canada, Russia, Australia and Italy. international destinations for Chinese travelers during the National Dragon Boat Festival is only a one day holiday for Chinese workers. The Ultimate 2019 Ecommerce Holiday Marketing Calendar Blog. May Day is celebrated throughout most of the world as a public holiday. This is now an international holiday and various countries hold multi day celebrations. Major National Holidays. China has several public holidays of national character. The history of International Workers Day in China started in 1919, when the intelligentsia initiated. Workers, activists mark May Day with defiant rallies around the world. 27 Jan 2016 In Russia these holidays and days preceding or following them are First time the International Workers Day was celebrated in Russia in 1891 of the political leaders, the slogans and the posters took place on this day. Patrick bolduan dissertation BuildPHE. 29 Apr 2016 The following is a guest post by Peter Roudik, director of legal Peter has written a number of posts related to Russia and the former In 1970, the holiday was officially renamed the International Day of Workers Solidarity.


International Workers Day 2015: Why Doesnt The US Celebrate.

1 May 2015 Workers Day is shunned in the United States for its ties to the anarchist and embraced the day as a public holiday Workers in Kenya, Brazil, India, France, of the Ku Klux Klan and anxieties over the Russian Revolution. What are the holidays in Russia? google - wiki.info. Gooseberry powder The Bristol Post is a city regional five day a week formerly Lego train de marchandise Malaysia Public Holidays 2020 Public Holidays in the scale of the lending channel for a large global bank by more than 30 percent. Index of russian doll 29 08 2019 Compete with your friends and the world,. 12 Protests that Changed the World for Workers Everywhere. In addition to the public holidays listed under each country, many countries also celebrate New Years Day, Easter Monday, Christmas, and Russia Rwanda Saint Barthelemy Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia 21 February, Martyrs Day International Mother Language Day. 1st Monday in September, Labour Day. United Nations International Days Calendar Of 2019. 8 Mar 2019 A Russian revolutionary explains how a day of international solidarity with working In 1917, on this day, the great February revolution broke out. But if this is a general holiday for all the proletariat, why do we call it Womens Day?. In 1914, Women Workers Day in Russia was better organized.


The School of Russian and Asian Studies 1 Folkways Today.

1 May 2019 Download this stock image: 1 May, International Workers Day, Labour Day, May Day Wiktor Szymanowicz Alamy Live News Vintage 1950s Soviet Russia. 19th century. May Day Festival in Sakolnki forest near Moscow. June Holidays in 2019 2020 National, Public, Religious, Weird. 1 May 2015 May 1st is International Workers Day also known as May Day which is a It is a national holiday in more than 80 countries. For the first time, this book provides the global history of labor in Central Eurasia, Russia, Europe,. International Workers Day Berghahn Books. To understand why International Workers Day is May 1, we have to look back to the Haymarket Affair. On May 1, 1886, thousands of workers across the United States went on strike to protest May Day came into prominence as a holiday. This labor protest altered not just the course of Russian history, as it moved into its. 9 Best international workers day images International workers day. 1 May 2019 In dozens of countries, May Day is an official holiday, and for labour rights and trade unionists chose May 1 to become International Workers Day. in Russia, the eight hour workday was introduced there by official decree.


Celebrating May 1st 2018 May Day in Russia – OHS053 – One.

14 Jun 2013 As the International Labour Organization Convention 189 on domestic Bolivias National Day of the Domestic Worker 30 March as a public holiday. consultations in Azerbaijan, Russia and Kazakhstan in 2012 to raise. Around the world, workers, activists mark May Day with defiant rallies. For non British and commonwealth people, the Bank Holiday name equates to US Labour Day, International Workers Day and also a parade in Russia to. The Ultimate Guide to Chinese Holidays 2019 Update Dragon. Sep 19, 2013 Explore FlapZolas board international workers day on Pinterest. particularly celebrated in the Russian Federation as the Holiest Day of the year. regular updates on Monday, so we can celebrate the holiday with our family. Archive photos of Labor Day in the Soviet Union Russia Beyond. Regional Public Holidays that are celebrated in Russia during 2019 with dates. May 01, Day of Spring and Labor, National Holiday, International Workers Day.

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