Топ-100 ⓘ Schirmeck is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand E

ⓘ Schirmeck is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France. It is the location of the Alsace-Moselle Memorial museum. The name of th ..


ⓘ Schirmeck

Schirmeck is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

It is the location of the Alsace-Moselle Memorial museum.

The name of the town means "protected place". In Lorraine dialect it is called "Chermec".

The inhabitants are known as "Schirmeckois".


1. Geography

The town is situated on the banks of the Bruche, in the Vosges mountains. The commune extends over 1142 hectares from the Petit Donon to the Bruche, from the Grandfontaine stream to the Tommelsbach stream, taking in the Evêche hills, 832m high.

The area is mountainous and belongs to the Devonian Dinant primary rocks, made up of a series of schists and grauwackes in an irregular flow created at the bottom of a sea that was shaken by volcanic eruptions. Most of the territory is covered by forest, on steep slopes, but rich in mineral deposits, particularly iron and manganese.

The town is narrowly confined between the mountain side and the Bruche river, so a 610-metre road tunnel has been built in order to relieve traffic congestion. The bypass was opened on 28 January 2007.


2.1. History First mention

In 1315, the town was mentioned as Schirmecke in a founding charter of the collegial church of Haslach Niederhaslach. It reappeared in the description of the boundaries of the lands of the abbey of Senones, under the name Neufville en Barembax ; the name "new town" suggesting that it had recently been created. The town was hardly more than village, without any known privileges such as markets or freedoms. It was dependent on the See of Strasbourg but nevertheless occupied a strategic position on the Bruche, at the crossing of busy roads linking Alsace to Lorraine.

The German name Schirmeck opido nostro Schirmeck was only adopted in the acts of chancelry from 1348.


2.2. History From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

The lands on which the town grew up was a former possession of the Counts of Norgau, acquired from the last of the line Frederic of Leiningen - Linange in 1239 by Berthold 1st of Buchhegg, bishops of Strasbourg.

It was towards the end of the thirteenth century that it became a town, without having that status. The Bishop of Strasbourg Johann 1st of Dirpheim 1308-1328 surrounded it by walls that were still in place in 1666, and built a bishops castle.

The castle and town controlled a strategic passageway between Alsace and the Duchy of Lorraine. A toll for crossing the Bruche was mentioned for the first time in 1350. By this time a municipal government structure was in place, headed by a Schultheiss, an officer representing the bishop. An equally important toll was set up on the pass between the Great and Small Donon. Through there several thousand heads of cattle passed in fifty years, according to a witness statement made by an inhabitant of Harbouey in 1579. Long-distance trade routes linking the animal markets of Frankfurt, Strasbourg and Nuremberg brought wine, fish, cereals, ironmongery, sheep, pigs, oxen and horses through the town.

  • Saint - Blaise - la - Roche Saint - Nabor Saulxures Scharrachbergheim - Irmstett Schirmeck Solbach Soultz - les - Bains Still Traenheim Urmatt Waldersbach Wangen Wangenbourg - Engenthal
  • Gendarmes were replaced and 106 people, including 23 women, were interned at Schirmeck The information was reported to London where the events were reported
  • was annexed to France and incorporated into Vosges. In 1795 the area of Schirmeck was detached from the Bas - Rhin department and incorporated into the Vosges
  • out beside several mountain streams which feed into the River Bruche at Schirmeck 5 kilometres 3 mi to the east. This is a mountain village, with most
  • Germany. The Memorial, which was inaugurated on 18 June 2005, is located in Schirmeck in Alsace, near the former Natzweiler - Struthof concentration camp, opened
  • Saint - Blaise - la - Roche Saint - Martin Saint - Maurice Saint - Pierre - Bois Saulxures Schirmeck Solbach Steige Still Thanville Triembach - au - Val Urbeis Urmatt Ville Waldersbach
  • the life of Pierre Seel, an Alsatian homosexual deported to the camp of Schirmeck who wrote of his experiences in a book, Moi, Pierre Seel, deporte homosexuel
  • Climont, near the village of Bourg - Bruche. It flows through the towns Schirmeck Mutzig, Molsheim and Holtzheim. It flows into the Ill in the city of
  • passes through the north - eastern corner of the commune and continues to Schirmeck Access to the village is by the D193 which branches off the D204 in the
  • Bad Friedrichshall Rothau Saint - Die Sainte Marie aux Mines Sandhofen Schirmeck Schomberg Schorzingen, today part of Schomberg Schwabisch Hall Schwarzacher
  • have been found in a feldspar quarry at Kragero in Norway. Framont near Schirmeck in Alsace is another well - known locality. Still larger crystals, measuring
  • imperial district of Lower Alsace, subdistrict of Molsheim, canton of Schirmeck Barembach Bourg - Bruche La Broque Colroy - la - Roche Grandfontaine Natzvillers
  • Saint - Blaise - la - Roche - Poutay Sarre - Union Saulxures Saverne Scherwiller Schirmeck - la - Broque Schopperton Schweighouse Schwindratzheim Selestat Seltz Sessenheim
  • transferred to Poitiers then Fresnes, he was finally sent to the camp at Schirmeck near Strasburg, where he remained from 1 May to 1 September 1944. On the
  • October, with other prisoners he was taken from Belfort to a camp in Schirmeck Alsace. Two days later, they were transported to Dachau concentration
  • extensively reworked and in 1805 Raon was incorporated into the commune of Schirmeck which at this stage was still part of the Vosges departement. In 1871
  • the cities of Chateau - Salins and Sarrebourg, and the cantons Saales and Schirmeck in the department of Vosges. Gave residents of the Alsace - Lorraine region
  • Schirmeck 16 communes Barembach Bellefosse Belmont Blancherupt La Broque Fouday Grandfontaine Natzwiller Neuviller - la - Roche Rothau Russ Schirmeck Solbach
  • Steinkallenfels family Several communes from the Palatinate In 1795 the region of Schirmeck - where the people did not speak Alsatian - was detached from the district
  • the resistance network. Nevertheless, she was sent to the Nazi camp of Schirmeck and between January 1944 and her liberation in April 1945 she was transferred
  • sent to the city jail before being transferred on 13 May 1941 to the Schirmeck - Vorbruck camp, about 30 km west of Strasbourg. His prison uniform was
  • Basin of Saint - Die including the Devonian - Dinantian volcanic massif of Schirmeck - Moyenmoutier and the Col de Saverne The Lower Vosges or Low Vosges 48 km
  • on 17 August 1944 and moved the majority of the detainees to Struthof, Schirmeck or Ravensbruck. Georg Hempen was tried and sentenced in absentia to death
  • Dessine - moi l Alsace : l Outre - Forêt, Editions J - P. Gyss, Barembach, Schirmeck 1987, 101 p. ISBN 2 - 902912 - 61 - 7 J - M. Hauer, Inventaire des synagogues
  • streams such as the winding Climontaise, which flow into Bourg - Bruche and Schirmeck to the north and finally the Giessen river to the south - east which flows
  • D1340 A344 in city of Reims A351 in city of Strasbourg A352 Molsheim to Schirmeck in D1420 The region has twelve cities that have ring roads: Strasbourg
  • was imprisoned by the Nazis at the age of seventeen: deported to the Schirmeck concentration camp, he witnessed the atrocious death of his partner. After
  • briefly recounting how a young friend was eaten alive by the dogs of Schirmeck - Vorbruck concentration camp Men Heroes and Gay Nazis was released on
  • by Jean de Salm of the lower valley of Bruche in 1366, from Mutzig to Schirmeck The large works completed around 1400 considerably altered the castle s
  • village of Natzwiller German Natzweiler in France, and the town of Schirmeck about 50 km 31 m southwest of the city of Strasbourg. Natzweiler - Struthof

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