ⓘ Transport in São Paulo
Transport in São Paulo plays a key role in the daily lives of the people of São Paulo and offers various methods of public transport that are offered in the city, including a complex bus system run by SPTrans, and various subway and railway lines. A contactless smartcard is used to pay fares for the buses, subway, and railway systems. São Paulo also has three airports.
1. Bus system
Over 16.000 buses form the bulk of the public transport in São Paulo; including about 290 trolley buses. With the exception of a small network overseen by the EMTU, all bus lines are operated by concessionaires under the supervision of SPTrans, a municipal company responsible for the planning and management of public transport. The SPTrans buses are painted with region-specific colours and carry about 8.8 million people daily. Until 2003, informal transport vans had a large presence in the city, but the vast majority are now registered with the city council, legalised, and now operate under the same colour scheme used in the main system. To increase efficiency in the city, São Paulo implemented in 2007 a bus rapid transit system called the Expresso Tiradentes. There is also a 632 km 393 mi long system of reserved bus lanes, which are placed on large avenues and connected with the subway or suburban railway stations.
2. Rail transport
With 13 lines, 183 stations and a total length of 374 km 232 mi of which about 237 km or 147 mi is within the Sao Paulo municipal boundaries, the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Rail Transport Network is the largest urban rail system in Latin America.
The network transports about 8.3 million people daily and it is operated by four different companies. Two are state-owned: São Paulo Metro and the Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos CPTM. The other two are private: ViaQuatro, which operates Line 4 - Yellow ; and ViaMobilidade, which operates Line 5 - Lilac and the future Line 17 - Gold.
Connections between the lines operated by different companies are usually free, with the only two exceptions being Tatuape and Corinthians-Itaquera stations, where connections are paid during rush-hours and free during other periods.
There are currently 4 lines operated by the São Paulo Metro and 2 under construction:
- Line 17 - Gold under construction: Monorail line that will connect Morumbi station with the Congonhas Airport. Connection with the Lilac line will be possible, and also to the CPTM train service. As of December 2019, the line is expected to open in early 2022. Further expansion to this line is expected as plans to expand it are under development. The expansion will span westward, crossing the Pinheiros River and connecting to the Yellow line, and eastward, connecting to the Blue line. Operation of this line will be contracted out to ViaMobilidade.
- Line 1 - Blue: The first Metro line built. The line connects the North and the South Side of São Paulo. Connections are available for the Green, Red, Yellow and Lilac lines, and also CPTM trains. The line serves Tietê and Jabaquara bus terminals.
- Line 2 - Green: Transverses the Avenida Paulista ridge, connecting Vila Prudente to Vila Madalena, and connects to the Blue, Yellow and Lilac metro lines, as well as to the Silver monorail line. It also provides connections to CPTM trains.
- Line 6 - Orange under construction: Announced in 2008, with construction initiated in 2015, the Orange Line will connect the borough of Freguesia do O, in the Northwestern side of the city to downtown São Paulo. Connections to the Blue and Yellow lines will be possible, and also with the CPTM trains. As of February 2019, construction is postponed due to issues with funding.
- Line 15 - Silver: This is the first high-capacity monorail line in the country. It runs east from Vila Prudente station, where it connects to the Green metro line. As of December 2019, ten stations are open with an expansion to Jardim Colonial currently under construction and another to Cidade Tiradentes, further east, is under development.
- Line 3 - Red: One of São Paulos busiest lines and connects the East Side to the West Side. Connections to the Blue and Yellow lines are possible, as are with CPTM trains. The Barra Funda bus terminal is located on this line.
The following line is operated by ViaQuatro:
- Line 4 - Yellow: Connects the central Luz station to the West and South Sides in a route constructed immediately below the Consolação and Rebouças avenues. Connections are available to the Blue, Green and Red lines and to CPTM trains. Operation of this line is contracted out to ViaQuatro for 30 years, which is renewable for another 30 years.
The following line is operated by ViaMobilidade:
- Line 5 - Lilac: Connects the South Side of São Paulo to the Blue and Green lines and to CPTM trains. It will be the only metro line to connect to the Gold monorail line after it opens in 2022. As of February 2019, plans of expanding the line north to Ipiranga and south to Jardim Angela are under development. Operation of this line is contracted out to ViaMobilidade.
There are seven lines operated by CPTM:
- Line 8 - Diamond: Formerly part of the old Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana, it connects the Julio Prestes station downtown to Itapevi, going across the western side of the city. An operational extension with another train links this line to two more stations in Itapevi. The last station Amador Bueno is placed near the border with São Roque. The Julio Prestes station houses the State of the Art concert hall Sala São Paulo.
- Line 13 - Jade: First line completely built by CPTM, connects Engenheiro Goulart station to São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport GRU.
- Line 12 - Sapphire: It crosses the northeastern side of São Paulo, from the Bras station in downtown to the city of Itaquaquecetuba.
- Line 10 - Turquoise: Formerly the southern part of the old São Paulo Railway, it is actually a continuation of the Line 7 - Ruby, and crosses the ABC Region.
- Line 9 - Emerald: Is located along the Nações Unidas Avenue Marginal Pinheiros, and connects the region of the Interlagos Speedway to the neighbouring city of Osasco.
- Line 11 - Coral: Once known as "Expresso Leste" East Express, crosses all the eastern side of São Paulo from downtown to the campus of the Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes, in the city of Mogi das Cruzes. The largest distance between two stations between Tatuape and Itaquera of all the railway network is found on Line 11.
- Line 7 - Ruby: Formerly the northern part of the old São Paulo Railway, Line 7 connects the Bras station downtown to the city of Francisco Morato, crossing all of the northwestern side of the city. An operational extension connects Francisco Morato to the city of Jundiai. This is the longest line of the railway system in São Paulo.
São Paulo had tram lines during the first half of the 20th century, but they were eradicated following the expansion of the bus system.
2.1. Rail transport Proposed regional rail
A four-line regional rail network linking São Paulo with other cities in the State of São Paulo using CPTM, cargo and new tracks is planned but on hold following the Brazilian financial crisis.
3. Public Transportation Statistics
The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in São Paulo, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 93 min. 30% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit including buses is 19 min, while 35% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 8.1 km 5.0 mi, while 18% travel for over 12 km 7.5 mi in a single direction.
4.1. Airfare Airports
São Paulo has three airports. Two of them, São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport and Congonhas-São Paulo Airport are located in the metropolitan area, while the third, Campo de Marte, is located north of the city center. Campo de Marte also hosts the Ventura Goodyear Blimp.
Congonhas Airport operates domestic and regional flights, mainly to Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and Brasilia. Guarulhos International Airport, also known to São Paulo locals as "Cumbica", is located 25 km 16 mi North East of the city center, in the neighbouring city of Guarulhos. Guarulhos airport operates both domestic and international flights. Major Brazilian airlines handled by Congonhas Airport and Guarulhos Airport include TAM Airlines, Gol Transportes Aereos, and Azul Brazilian Airlines. Campo de Marte airport handles some private and small-sized airplanes.
In 2006, about 34.3 million people used the citys airports mainly from Congonhas and Guarulhos International Airport, the only two operating commercial flights. Infraero, Brazils main aviation authority, estimates that with the remodelling of Guarulhos Airport, São Paulos airports will be able to handle about 45 million passengers a year within the next five years.
4.2. Airfare Heliports
São Paulo has the largest fleet of helicopters in the world, with around 500 registered helicopters and 700 flights per day in the city. The owners are an elite wealthy class who take advantage of approximately one hundred helipads and heliports to conveniently avoid heavy traffic. In addition, there are many air taxi companies in the city, used mostly by the upper class to travel between São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
5.1. Motorways Roads
Many Brazilian highways pass through or start in São Paulo itself, including the BR-116, Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Rodovia Raposo Tavares, the Rodovia Anhanguera, Rodovia dos Imigrantes, Rodovia Castelo Branco, and Via Dutra.
5.2. Motorways Rodoanel
The Rodoanel Mario Covas SP-21 also known as Rodoanel Metropolitano de São Paulo or simply Rodoanel is a motorway being built around the center of the metropolitan region of São Paulo in an attempt to alleviate traffic intensity of trucks along the citys two riverside highways Pinheiros and Tietê.
The Rodoanel is being constructed as a multi-lane, limited-access freeway, with large sections to be built in unoccupied regions: along the edge of forests, close to residential areas, etc. This is in an effort to prevent squatting and development in environmentally sensitive areas along the route. Construction is being carried out in four phases: west, south, east and north. As of mid-2010, the west and south section have been completed. The beginning of construction on the east section is planned for February 2011. Due to the rougher terrain and environmental concerns, there is no projected date for the initiation of construction on the northern section.
5.3. Motorways Travel restrictions
Similar to the Hoy No Circula program in Mexico, São Paulo has implemented restrictions on travel to maintain the quality of air. Drivers must respect a certain schedule according to the last digit of their cars license plate number.
- Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo CMSP is one of the urban railways that serves the city of São Paulo alongside the São Paulo Metropolitan Trains Company
- São Paulo Transportes system opened in 1949 and serves the city of São Paulo while the Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos de São Paulo EMTU
- Guarulhos and Phase V is in project. Corredor Metropolitano Guarulhos - São Paulo in Portuguese Empresa Metropolitana de Transportes Urbanos. Retrieved 19
- The São Paulo Railway Company SPR, nickname Ingleza, transl.: The English was a privately owned British railway company in Brazil, which operated the
- Metropolitan Transports Created in 1977, it is responsible for the transport by bus, of 5 million people in the Greater São Paulo area. São Paulo Metro Companhia
- areas located around the Greater São Paulo Campinas, Santos, Sorocaba and the Paraiba Valley created the São Paulo Macrometropolis, a megalopolis with
- São Bento is a metro station on São Paulo Metro Line 1 - Blue, located in the district of Se, in São Paulo The station was opened on 26 September 1975.
- Torneio Rio São Paulo English: Rio São Paulo Tournament was a traditional Brazilian football competition contested between São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro
- If São Paulo were an independent country, its nominal GDP would be ranked among the top 20 in the world 2010 estimate The economy of São Paulo State
- São Paulo State, in addition to its highway patrol duties, the São Paulo Highway Patrol provides many other services form of policing. The São Paulo Highway
- in São Paulo Brazil, during peak travel times. It is based on the last digit of the vehicle s number plate. São Paulo is the largest metropolis in the
- São Miguel Paulista is a district in the subprefecture of the same name in the city of São Paulo Brazil. The Roman Catholic Diocese of São Miguel Paulista
- São Paulo Morumbi is a metro station on Line 4 - Yellow of the São Paulo Metro operated by ViaQuatro. It is localized in the crossing of Av. Professor Francisco
- of São Paulo Portuguese: Instituto Federal de São Paulo IFSP or in full: Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of São Paulo Portuguese:
- Greater São Paulo Portuguese: Grande São Paulo is a nonspecific term for one of the multiple definitions the large metropolitan area located in the São Paulo
- that make up the São Paulo Metro and one of the 13 lines that make up the Metropolitan Rail Transportation Network. The line transports about 600, 000 people
- São Vicente after Saint Vincent of Saragossa, the patron Saint of Lisbon, Portugal is a coastal municipality at southern São Paulo Brazil. It is part
- was a project of the São Paulo Metro. It would link São Paulo to the southeast portion of the Greater São Paulo ending in São Bernardo do Campo. The
- Transport of São Paulo in Portuguese December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013. Ferreira, Robert Tharcisiu Alves. January 2012 São Paulo
- The University of São Paulo Portuguese: Universidade de São Paulo USP is a public university in the Brazilian state of São Paulo It is the largest
- The São Paulo Transporte SPTrans is the name adopted on March 8, 1995 by the municipal local government which aims to manage the public transport system
- The São Domingos River is a river of São Paulo state in southeastern Brazil. List of rivers of São Paulo Brazilian Ministry of Transport
- The Preto River is a river of São Paulo state in southeastern Brazil. List of rivers of São Paulo Brazilian Ministry of Transport
- Portuguese: Linha 3 Vermelha is one of the six lines that make up the São Paulo Metro and one of the thirteen lines that make up the Metropolitan Rail
- São Pedro is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is of 31, 662 2010 in an area of 611.278 km2 236.02 sq mi According
- Governor of São Paulo state. The airport was rebranded as GRU Airport in 2012. In Brazil the airport was ranked first in terms of transported passengers
- Portuguese: Linha 19 Celeste is a planned line of the São Paulo Metro. At 17.6 kilometres 10.9 mi in length, the line will be the first to serve the municipality
- São Paulo and Campinas. The project was canceled in 2007 because the Brazilian government concluded that it was more viable to connect Campinas, São Paulo
- The São Paulo State Faculty of Technology or FATECs Portuguese: Faculdades de Tecnologia do Estado de São Paulo are public institutions of higher education
- São Sebastião Portuguese for Saint Sebastian is a Brazilian municipality, located on the southeast coast of Brazil, in the state of São Paulo The population
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