Топ-100 ⓘ July 23. 1927 – The first station of the Indian Broadcasting
Back

ⓘ July 23. 1927 – The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company goes on the air in Bombay. 1962 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to be ..



July 23
                                     

ⓘ July 23

  • 1927 – The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company goes on the air in Bombay.
  • 1962 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 1982 – Outside Santa Clarita, California, actor Vic Morrow and two children are killed when a helicopter crashes onto them while shooting a scene from Twilight Zone: The Movie.
  • 1943 – World War II: The British destroyers HMS Eclipse and HMS Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland.
  • 1926 – Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1962 – Telstar relays the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.
  • 1942 – Bulgarian poet and Communist leader Nikola Vaptsarov is executed by firing squad.
  • 1962 – The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.
  • 1992 – A Vatican commission, led by Joseph Ratzinger, establishes that limiting certain rights of homosexual people and non-married couples is not equivalent to discrimination on grounds of race or gender.
  • 1908 – The Second Constitution accepted by the Ottomans.
  • 1983 – Gimli Glider: Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel and makes a deadstick landing at Gimli, Manitoba.
  • 1632 – Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France.
  • 1874 – Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa, India.
  • 1793 – Kingdom of Prussia re-conquers Mainz from France.
  • 1914 – Austria-Hungary issues a series of demands in an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia accepts all but one of those demands and Austria declares war on July 28.
  • 811 – Byzantine emperor Nikephoros I plunders the Bulgarian capital of Pliska and captures Khan Krums treasury.
  • 1821 – While the Mora Rebellion continues, Greeks capture Monemvasia Castle. Turkish troops and citizens are transferred to Asia Minors coasts.
  • 1936 – In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 1968 – The only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft takes place when a Boeing 707 carrying ten crew and 38 passengers is taken over by three members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The aircraft was en route from Rome, to Lod, Israel.
  • 1992 – Abkhazia declares independence from Georgia.
  • 2018 – A wildfire in East Attica, Greece caused the death of 102 people. It was the deadliest wildfire in history of Greece and the second-deadliest in the world, in the 21st century, after the 2009 bushfires in Australia that killed 180.
  • 1921 – The Communist Party of China CPC is established at the founding National Congress.
  • 2005 – Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.
  • 1945 – The post-war legal processes against Philippe Petain begin.
  • 1997 – Digital Equipment Corporation files antitrust charges against chipmaker Intel.
  • 1988 – General Ne Win, effective ruler of Burma since 1962, resigns after pro-democracy protests.
  • 1677 – Scanian War: Denmark–Norway captures the harbor town of Marstrand from Sweden.
  • 1967 – Detroit Riots: In Detroit, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city. It ultimately kills 43 people, injures 342 and burns about 1.400 buildings.
  • 1943 – The Rayleigh bath chair murder occurred in Rayleigh, Essex, England.
  • 1813 – Sir Thomas Maitland is appointed as the first Governor of Malta, transforming the island from a British protectorate to a de facto colony.
  • 2015 – NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.
  • 1942 – World War II: The German offensives Operation Edelweiss and Operation Braunschweig begin.
  • 1903 – The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
  • 2016 – Kabul twin bombing occurred in the vicinity of Deh Mazang when protesters, mostly from the Shiite Hazara minority, were marching against route changing of the TUTAP power project. At least 80 people were killed and 260 were injured.
  • 1952 – General Muhammad Naguib leads the Free Officers Movement formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the real power behind the coup in overthrowing King Farouk of Egypt.
  • 1999 – Space Shuttle Columbia launches on STS-93, with Eileen Collins becoming the first female space shuttle commander. The shuttle also carried and deployed the Chandra X-ray Observatory.
  • 1968 – Glenville shootout: In Cleveland, Ohio, a violent shootout between a Black Militant organization and the Cleveland Police Department occurs. During the shootout, a riot begins and lasts for five days.
  • 1961 – The Sandinista National Liberation Front is founded in Nicaragua.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Henry Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
  • 1881 – The Boundary Treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina is signed in Buenos Aires.
  • 1940 – The United States Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1829 – In the United States, William Austin Burt patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.
  • 2014 – TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashes in Xixi village near Huxi, Penghu, during approach to Phengu Airport. 48 of the 58 people on board are killed and five more people on the ground are injured.
  • 1885 – President Ulysses S. Grant dies of throat cancer.
  • 1919 – Prince Regent Aleksander Karadordevic signs the decree establishing the University of Ljubljana
  • 1970 – Qaboos bin Said al Said becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Said bin Taimur initiating massive reforms, modernization programs and end to a decade long civil war.
  • 1999 – ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan by Yuji Nishizawa.
  • 1980 – Pham Tuan becomes the first Vietnamese citizen and the first Asian in space when he flies aboard the Soyuz 37 mission as an Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut.
  • 1972 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • 1840 – The Province of Canada is created by the Act of Union.
  • 1974 – The Greek military junta collapses, and former Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis is invited to lead the new government, beginning Greeces metapolitefsi era.
  • 1983 – Thirteen Sri Lanka Army soldiers are killed after a deadly ambush by the militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
  • 1319 – A Knights Hospitaller fleet scores a crushing victory over an Aydinid fleet off Chios.
  • 1995 – Comet Hale–Bopp is discovered; it becomes visible to the naked eye on Earth nearly a year later.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1940 – Don Imus, American radio host d. 2019
  • 1886 – Walter H. Schottky, Swiss-German physicist and engineer d. 1976
  • 1963 – Slobodan Zivojinovic, Serbian tennis player
  • 1959 – Nancy Savoca, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Dave Webster, American football player and engineer
  • 1985 – Luis Angel Landin, Mexican footballer
  • 1912 – M. H. Abrams, American author, critic, and academic d. 2015
  • 1943 – Tony Joe White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2018
  • 1918 – Abraham Bueno de Mesquita, Dutch comedian and actor d. 2005
  • 1891 – Louis T. Wright, American surgeon and civil rights activist d. 1952
  • 1952 – Janis Siegel, American jazz singer The Manhattan Transfer
  • 1969 – Andrew Cassels, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1991 – Lauren Mitchell, Australian gymnast
  • 1983 – Aaron Peirsol, American swimmer
  • 1925 – Alain Decaux, French historian and author d. 2016
  • 1979 – Richard Sims, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1953 – Graham Gooch, English cricketer and coach
  • 1950 – Ian Thomas, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Neicer Reasco, Ecuadorian footballer
  • 1968 – Elden Campbell, American basketball player
  • 1923 – Morris Halle, Latvian-American linguist and academic d. 2018
  • 1984 – Celeste Thorson, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1936 – Don Drysdale, American baseball player and sportscaster d. 1993
  • 1978 – Stefanie Sun, Singaporean singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1649 – Pope Clement XI d. 1721
  • 1996 – Alexandra Andresen, Norwegian heiress and equestrian
  • 1961 – Woody Harrelson, American actor and activist
  • 1925 – Quett Masire, Botswana politician, the former Vice-President of Botswana d. 2017
  • 1906 – Chandra Shekhar Azad, Indian activist d. 1931
  • 1980 – Sandeep Parikh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1940 – Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa, Italian economist and politician, Italian Minister of Finance d. 2010
  • 1940 – Danielle Collobert, French author, poet, and journalist d. 1978
  • 1978 – Lauren Groff, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1901 – Hank Worden, American actor and singer d. 1992
  • 1983 – Bec Hewitt, Australian actress
  • 1926 – Ludvik Vaculik, Czech journalist and author d. 2015
  • 1938 – Bert Newton, Australian actor and television host
  • 1922 – Damiano Damiani, Italian director and screenwriter d. 2013
  • 1942 – Dimitris Liantinis, Greek philosopher and author d. 1998
  • 1898 – Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist, journalist, and author d. 1977
  • 1947 – Gardner Dozois, American journalist and author d. 2018
  • 1947 – David Essex, English singer-songwriter, and actor
  • 1967 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor, director, and producer d. 2014
  • 1796 – Franz Berwald, Swedish surgeon and composer d. 1868
  • 1984 – Walter Gargano, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1912 – Michael Wilding, English actor d. 1979
  • 1933 – Bert Convy, American actor, singer, and game show host d. 1991
  • 1856 – Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian lawyer and journalist d. 1920
  • 1900 – John Babcock, Canadian-American sergeant d. 2010
  • 1933 – Raimund Abraham, Austrian architect, designed the Austrian Cultural Forum d. 2010
  • 1974 – Terry Glenn, American football player and coach d. 2017
  • 1894 – Arthur Treacher, English-American actor and television personality d. 1975
  • 1948 – John Hall, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and politician
  • 1945 – Jon Sammels, English footballer
  • 1961 – Martin Gore, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1961 – Andre Ducharme, Canadian comedian and author
  • 1884 – Emil Jannings, Swiss-German actor d. 1950
  • 1886 – Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish historian and diplomat d. 1978
  • 1957 – Jo Brand, English comedian, actress, and screenwriter
  • 1984 – Matthew Murphy, English singer and guitarist
  • 1965 – Rob Dickinson, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1895 – Aileen Pringle, American actress d. 1989
  • 1301 – Otto, Duke of Austria d. 1339
  • 1982 – Omer Aysan Barıs, Turkish footballer
  • 1965 – Slash, English-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1943 – Randall Forsberg, American scientist d. 2007
  • 1981 – Aleksandr Kulik, Estonian footballer
  • 1960 – Al Perez, American wrestler
  • 1982 – Joe Mather, American baseball player
  • 1927 – Gerard Brach, French director and screenwriter d. 2006
  • 1973 – Fran Healy, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1977 – Scott Clemmensen, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1929 – Lateef Jakande, Nigerian journalist and politician, 5th Governor of Lagos State
  • 1942 – Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian journalist and politician, Lord Mayor of Brisbane
  • 1898 – Red Dutton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach d. 1987
  • 1913 – Michael Foot, English journalist and politician, Secretary of State for Employment d. 2010
  • 1878 – James Thomas Milton Anderson, Canadian lawyer and politician, 5th Premier of Saskatchewan d. 1946
  • 1973 – Nomar Garciaparra, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Floyd Reifer, Barbadian cricketer and coach
  • 1947 – Torsten Palm, Swedish race car driver
  • 1888 – Raymond Chandler, American crime novelist and screenwriter d. 1959
  • 1987 – Serdar Kurtulus, Turkish footballer
  • 1916 – Laurel Martyn, Australian ballerina and choreographer d. 2013
  • 1775 – Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician d. 1812
  • 1972 – Marlon Wayans, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1961 – Michael Durant, American pilot and author
  • 1933 – Richard Rogers, Italian-English architect, designed the Millennium Dome and Lloyds building
  • 1953 – Najib Razak, Malaysian politician, 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia
  • 1898 – Herman Kruusenberg, Estonian wrestler d. 1970
  • 1931 – Claude Fournier, Canadian director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  • 1987 – Alessio Cerci, Italian footballer
  • 1882 – Kazım Karabekir, Turkish general and politician, 5th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey b. 1948
  • 1941 – Richie Evans, American race car driver d. 1985
  • 1705 – Francis Blomefield, English historian and author d. 1752
  • 1865 – Henry Norris, English businessman and politician d. 1934
  • 1802 – Manuel Maria Lombardini, Mexican general and president 1853 d. 1853
  • 1964 – Uwe Barth, German politician
  • 1928 – Vera Rubin, American astronomer and academic d. 2016
  • 1950 – Alan Turner, Australian cricketer
  • 1973 – Himesh Reshammiya, Indian singer-songwriter, producer, actor, and director
  • 1986 – Yelena Sokolova, Russian long jumper
  • 1823 – Alexandre-Antonin Tache, Canadian archbishop and missionary d. 1894
  • 1924 – Gavin Lambert, English-American screenwriter and author d. 2005
  • 1503 – Anne of Bohemia and Hungary d. 1547
  • 1970 – Charisma Carpenter, American actress
  • 1838 – Edouard Colonne, French violinist and conductor d. 1910
  • 1901 – Isabel Luberza Oppenheimer, Puerto Rican brothel owner and madam in barrio Maraguez, Ponce, Puerto Rico d. 1974
  • 1984 – Brandon Roy, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Jarkko Nieminen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1928 – Hubert Selby, Jr., American author and screenwriter d. 2004
  • 1898 – Bengt Djurberg, Swedish actor and singer d. 1941
  • 1441 – Danjong of Joseon, King of Joseon d. 1457
  • 1968 – Gary Payton, American basketball player and actor
  • 1773 – Thomas Brisbane, Scottish general and politician, 6th Governor of New South Wales d. 1860
  • 1949 – Clive Rice, South African cricketer and coach d. 2015
  • 1947 – Robin Simon, English historian, critic, and academic
  • 1971 – Joel Stein, American journalist
  • 1982 – Paul Wesley, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1990 – Kevin Reynolds, Canadian figure skater
  • 1883 – Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, French-English field marshal and politician, Lord Lieutenant of the County of London d. 1963
  • 1975 – Dan Rogerson, English politician
  • 1898 – Daniel Cosio Villegas, Mexican historian, economist d. 1976
  • 1986 – Aya Uchida, Japanese voice actress and singer
  • 1977 – Gail Emms, English badminton player
  • 1981 – Dmitriy Karpov, Kazakhstani decathlete
  • 1936 – Anthony Kennedy, American lawyer and jurist
  • 1960 – Susan Graham, American soprano and educator
  • 1914 – Virgil Finlay, American illustrator d. 1971
  • 1948 – Stanislaw Targosz, Polish general d. 2013
  • 1942 – Madeline Bell, American singer-songwriter
  • 1635 – Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, New France garrison commander d. 1660
  • 1979 – Sotirios Kyrgiakos, Greek footballer
  • 1950 – Alex Kozinski, Romanian-born American lawyer and judge
  • 1991 – Jarrod Wallace, Australian rugby league footballer
  • 1952 – John Rutsey, Canadian drummer d. 2008
  • 1925 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress and singer d. 2016
  • 1918 – Ruth Duccini, American actress d. 2014
  • 1974 – Maurice Greene, American sprinter
  • 1938 – Ronny Cox, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1864 – Apolinario Mabini, Filipino lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines d. 1903
  • 1923 – Amalia Mendoza, Mexican singer and actress d. 2001
  • 1962 – Mark Laurie, Australian rugby league player
  • 1945 – Edward Gregson, English composer and educator
  • 1900 – Julia Davis Adams, American author and journalist d. 1993
  • 1960 – Gary Ella, Australian rugby player
  • 1974 – Rik Verbrugghe, Belgian cyclist
  • 1914 – Elly Annie Schneider, German-American actress d. 2004
  • 1981 – Steve Jocz, Canadian singer-songwriter, drummer, and director
  • 1866 – Francesco Cilea, Italian composer and academic d. 1950
  • 1929 – Danny Barcelona, American drummer d. 2007
  • 1952 – Paul Hibbert, Australian cricketer and coach d. 2008
  • 1979 – Ricardo Sperafico, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1962 – Alain Lefevre, Canadian pianist and composer
  • 1958 – Tomy Winata, Indonesian businessman and philanthropist, founded the Artha Graha Peduli Foundation
  • 1885 – Izaak Killam, Canadian financier and philanthropist d. 1955
  • 1885 – Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman, created Prince Matchabelli perfume d. 1935
  • 1906 – Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1998
  • 1938 – Charles Harrelson, American murderer d. 2007
  • 1931 – Te Atairangikaahu, Māori queen d. 2006
  • 1914 – Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter d.2010
  • 1986 – Nelson Philippe, French race car driver
  • 1968 – Stephanie Seymour, American model and actress
  • 1976 – Judit Polgar, Hungarian chess player
  • 1962 – Eriq La Salle, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1992 – Danny Ings, English footballer
  • 1971 – Dalvin DeGrate, American rapper and producer
  • 1851 – Peder Severin Kroyer, Norwegian-Danish painter d. 1909
  • 1339 – Louis I, Duke of Anjou d. 1384
  • 1958 – Ken Green, American golfer
  • 1777 – Philipp Otto Runge, German painter and illustrator d. 1810
  • 1931 – Guy Fournier, Canadian author and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Andy Mackay, English oboe player and composer
  • 1948 – Ross Cranston, Australian-English lawyer, judge, and politician, Solicitor General for England and Wales
  • 1978 – Stuart Elliott, Northern Irish footballer
  • 1946 – Rene Ricard, American poet, painter, and critic d. 2014
  • 1983 – David Strettle, English rugby player
  • 1964 – Nick Menza, German drummer and songwriter d. 2016
  • 1957 – Quentin Willson, English TV presenter, Top Gear.
  • 1979 – Cathleen Tschirch, German sprinter
  • 1961 – Milind Gunaji, Indian actor, model, television show host, and author
  • 1925 – Tajuddin Ahmad, Bangladeshi politician, 1st Prime Minister of Bangladesh d. 1975
  • 1944 – Dino Danelli, American drummer
  • 1921 – Calvert DeForest, American actor d. 2007
  • 1935 – Jim Hall, American race car driver
  • 1941 – Sergio Mattarella, Italian lawyer, judge, and politician, 12th President of Italy
  • 1918 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster d. 1999
  • 1401 – Francesco I Sforza, Italian husband of Bianca Maria Visconti d. 1466
  • 1614 – Bonaventura Peeters the Elder, Flemish painter d. 1652
  • 1370 – Pier Paolo Vergerio the Elder, humanist d. 1444 or 1445
  • 1941 – Christopher Andrew, English historian and academic
  • 1982 – Gerald Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1933 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host d. 2014
  • 1905 – Leopold Engleitner, Austrian author and educator d. 2013
  • 1977 – Shawn Thornton, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1924 – Gazanfer Bilge, Turkish wrestler d. 2008
  • 1970 – Thea Dorn, German author and playwright
  • 1942 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle d. 2013
  • 1973 – Andrea Scanavacca, Italian rugby player and manager
  • 1982 – Gokhan Unal, Turkish footballer
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1899 – Gustav Heinemann, German lawyer and politician, 3rd President of West Germany d. 1976
  • 1989 – Daniel Radcliffe, English actor
  • 1971 – Alison Krauss, American singer-songwriter and fiddler
  • 1938 – Juliet Anderson, American porn actress and producer d. 2010
  • 1950 – Blair Thornton, Canadian guitarist and songwriter
  • 1900 – Inger Margrethe Boberg, Danish folklore researcher and writer d. 1957
  • 1987 – Felipe Dylon, Brazilian singer
  • 1928 – Leon Fleisher, American pianist and conductor
  • 1948 – John Cushnahan, Northern Irish educator and politician
  • 1892 – Haile Selassie, Ethiopian emperor d. 1975
  • 1952 – Bill Nyrop, American ice hockey player and coach d. 1995
  • 1989 – Donald Young, American tennis player
  • 1957 – Nikos Galis, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Sam Watters, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1972 – Suat Kılıç, Turkish journalist, lawyer, and politician, Turkish Minister of Youth and Sports
  • 1923 – Luis Aloma, Cuban-American baseball player d. 1997
  • 1944 – Maria João Pires, Portuguese pianist
  • 1979 – Perro Aguayo Jr., Mexican wrestler and promoter d. 2015
  • 1957 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch actor, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2004
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2010 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author b. 1916
  • 2007 – Mohammed Zahir Shah, Afghan king b. 1914
  • 1885 – Ulysses S. Grant, American general and politician, 18th President of the United States b. 1822
  • 1942 – Andy Ducat, English cricketer and footballer b. 1886
  • 1875 – Isaac Singer, American businessman, founded the Singer Corporation b. 1811
  • 1941 – Jose Quiñones Gonzales, Peruvian soldier and pilot b. 1914
  • 1403 – Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel b. 1343
  • 1793 – Roger Sherman, American lawyer and politician b. 1721
  • 1980 – Sarto Fournier, Canadian lawyer and politician, 38th Mayor of Montreal b. 1908
  • 1916 – William Ramsay, Scottish-English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1852
  • 2012 – Sally Ride, American physicist and astronaut b. 1951
  • 1985 – Johnny Wardle, English cricketer and manager b. 1923
  • 2015 – William Wakefield Baum, American cardinal b. 1926
  • 1531 – Louis de Breze, French husband of Diane de Poitiers
  • 1909 – Frederick Holder, Australian politician, 19th Premier of South Australia b. 1850
  • 1989 – Donald Barthelme, American short story writer and novelist b. 1931
  • 1562 – Gotz von Berlichingen, German knight and poet b. 1480
  • 1833 – Anselmo de la Cruz, Chilean politician, Chilean Minister of Finance b. 1777
  • 1982 – Vic Morrow, American actor b. 1929
  • 1936 – Anna Abrikosova, Russian linguist b. 1882
  • 1979 – Joseph Kessel, French journalist and author b. 1898
  • 1920 – Conrad Kohrs, German-American rancher and politician b. 1835
  • 1692 – Gilles Menage, French lawyer, philologist, and scholar b. 1613
  • 2015 – Don Oberdorfer, American journalist, author, and academic b. 1931
  • 1941 – George Lyman Kittredge, American scholar and educator b. 1860
  • 1924 – Frank Frost Abbott, American author and scholar b. 1850
  • 1957 – Bob Shiring, American football player and coach b. 1870
  • 1932 – Tenby Davies, Welsh runner b. 1884
  • 1971 – Van Heflin, American actor b. 1910
  • 1950 – Shigenori Tōgō, Japanese politician and diplomat, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs b. 1882
  • 1727 – Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, English politician, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain b. 1661
  • 2004 – Mehmood Ali, Indian actor, director, and producer b. 1932
  • 1596 – Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon b. 1526
  • 1878 – Carl von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician, pathologist, and politician b. 1804
  • 1919 – Spyridon Lambros, Greek historian and politician, 100th Prime Minister of Greece b. 1851
  • 2011 – Amy Winehouse, English singer-songwriter b. 1983
  • 1980 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter b. 1948
  • 1999 – Hassan II of Morocco b. 1929
  • 1645 – Michael I, Russian tsar b. 1596
  • 1972 – Esther Applin, American geologist and paleontologist b. 1895
  • 1951 – Robert J. Flaherty, American director and producer b. 1884
  • 1990 – Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese engineer b. 1899
  • 2006 – Jean-Paul Desbiens, Canadian journalist and academic b. 1927
  • 2001 – Eudora Welty, American novelist and short story writer b. 1909
  • 2015 – Shigeko Kubota, Japanese-American sculptor and director b. 1937
  • 1773 – George Edwards, English biologist and ornithologist b. 1693
  • 2013 – Djalma Santos, Brazilian footballer b. 1929
  • 1100 – Warner of Grez, French nobleman, relative of Godfrey of Bouillon
  • 1373 – Bridget of Sweden, Swedish mystic and saint, founded the Bridgettine Order b. 1303
  • 2014 – Jordan Tabor, English footballer b. 1990
  • 2013 – Dominguinhos, Brazilian singer-songwriter and accordion player b. 1941
  • 1996 – Jean Muir, American actress b. 1911
  • 1930 – Glenn Curtiss, American pilot and engineer b. 1878
  • 1927 – Reginald Dyer, British brigadier general b. 1864
  • 1584 – John Day, English printer b. 1522
  • 1757 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian harpsichord player and composer b. 1685
  • 1536 – Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland b. 1519
  • 1973 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American pilot and race car driver, founded Rickenbacker Motors b. 1890
  • 1951 – Philippe Petain, French general and politician, 119th Prime Minister of France b. 1856
  • 2003 – James E. Davis, American police officer and politician b. 1962
  • 1781 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American pastor and politician b. 1724
  • 2002 – Leo McKern, Australian-English actor b. 1920
  • 1948 – D. W. Griffith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter b. 1875
  • 2014 – Dora Bryan, English actress and restaurateur b. 1923
  • 2017 – John Kundla, American basketball coach b. 1916
  • 2013 – Pauline Clarke, English author b. 1921
  • 2007 – Ron Miller, American songwriter and producer b. 1933
  • 2012 – Jose Luis Uribarri, Spanish television host and director b. 1936
  • 1904 – John Douglas, English-Australian politician, 7th Premier of Queensland b. 1828
  • 2013 – Kim Jong-hak, South Korean director and producer b. 1951
  • 1853 – Andries Pretorius, South African general b. 1798
  • 2005 – Ted Greene, American guitarist and journalist b. 1946
  • 2012 – Lakshmi Sahgal, Indian soldier and politician b. 1914
  • 2013 – Arthur J. Collingsworth, American diplomat b. 1944
  • 2014 – Ariano Suassuna, Brazilian author and playwright b. 1927
  • 2012 – Margaret Mahy, New Zealand author b. 1936
  • 1966 – Montgomery Clift, American actor b. 1920
  • 2002 – Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi b. 1929
  • 955 – He Ning, Chinese chancellor b. 898
  • 2002 – William Luther Pierce, American activist and author b. 1933
  • 2009 – E. Lynn Harris, American author and screenwriter b. 1955
  • 2004 – Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitarist and composer b. 1925
  • 1997 – Chūhei Nambu, Japanese jumper and journalist b. 1904
  • 1227 – Qiu Chuji, Chinese religious leader, founded the Dragon Gate Taoism b. 1148
  • 2012 – Esther Tusquets, Spanish publisher and author b. 1936
  • 1926 – Viktor Vasnetsov, Russian painter b. 1848
  • 1983 – Georges Auric, French composer b. 1899
  • 2013 – Emile Griffith, American boxer and trainer b. 1938
  • 2002 – Clark Gesner, American author and composer b. 1938
  • 997 – Nuh II, Samanid emir b. 963
  • 1955 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1871
  • 1968 – Henry Hallett Dale, English pharmacologist and physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1875
  • 2014 – Norman Leyden, American composer and conductor b. 1917
  • 1980 – Mollie Steimer, Russian activist b. 1897
  • 1954 – Herman Groman, American runner b. 1882
  • 1298 – Thoros III, Armenian king b. c. 1271
  • 2004 – Piero Piccioni, Italian pianist, conductor, and composer b. 1921
  • 1942 – Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer and politician b. 1880
  • 2008 – Kurt Furgler, Swiss lawyer and politician, 70th President of the Swiss Confederation b. 1924
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Childrens Day Indonesia
  • Margarita Maria
  • Birthday of Haile Selassie Rastafari
  • July 23 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • John Cassian Western Christianity
  • Rasyphus and Ravennus
  • Merce Prat i Prat
  • Christian feast day
  • Liborius of Le Mans
  • Bridget of Sweden
  • Heiromartyr Phocas Eastern Orthodox
  • Revolution Day Egypt
  • Renaissance Day Oman
  • National Remembrance Day Papua New Guinea

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →