Топ-100 ⓘ July 19. 1863 – American Civil War: Morgans Raid: At Buffing
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ⓘ July 19. 1863 – American Civil War: Morgans Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgans raid into the north is mostly thwarted whe ..



July 19
                                     

ⓘ July 19

  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgans Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgans raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1848 – Womens rights: A two-day Womens Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York.
  • 1981 – In a private meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, French President François Mitterrand reveals the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing the Soviet Union had been stealing American technological research and development.
  • 1976 – Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
  • 1943 – World War II: Rome is heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, inflicting thousands of casualties.
  • 1903 – Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
  • 1900 – The first line of the Paris Metro opens for operation.
  • 484 – Leontius, Roman usurper, is crowned Eastern emperor at Tarsus modern Turkey. He is recognized in Antioch and makes it his capital.
  • 1985 – The Val di Stava dam collapses killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • 939 – Battle of Simancas: King Ramiro II of Leon defeats the Moorish army under Caliph Abd-al-Rahman III near the city of Simancas.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.
  • 1977 – The worlds first Global Positioning System GPS signal was transmitted from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 NTS-2 and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at 12:41 a.m. Eastern time ET.
  • 1588 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The Spanish Armada is sighted in the English Channel.
  • 1989 – United Airlines Flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 111.
  • 998 – Arab–Byzantine wars: Battle of Apamea: Fatimids defeat a Byzantine army near Apamea.
  • 1979 – The Sandinista rebels overthrow the government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.
  • 1947 – Prime Minister of the shadow Burmese government, Bogyoke Aung San and eight others are assassinated.
  • 1992 – A car bomb kills Judge Paolo Borsellino and five members of his escort.
  • 2014 – Gunmen in Egypts western desert province of New Valley Governorate attack a military checkpoint, killing at least 21 soldiers. Egypt reportedly declares a state of emergency on its border with Sudan.
  • 1963 – Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106.010 meters 347.800 feet on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention.
  • 1947 – Korean politician Lyuh Woon-hyung is assassinated.
  • 1972 – Dhofar Rebellion: British SAS units help the Omani government against Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman rebels in the Battle of Mirbat.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Second Happy Time of Hitlers submarines comes to an end, as the increasingly effective American convoy system compels them to return to the central Atlantic.
  • 1980 – Opening of the Summer Olympics in Moscow.
  • 1969 – Chappaquiddick incident: U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy crashes his car into a tidal pond at Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, killing his passenger Mary Jo Kopechne.
  • 1870 – Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • 1961 – Tunisia imposes a blockade on the French naval base at Bizerte; the French would capture the entire town four days later.
  • AD 64 – The Great Fire of Rome causes widespread devastation and rages on for six days, destroying half of the city.
  • 1940 – World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
  • 1702 – Great Northern War: A numerically superior Polish-Saxon army of Augustus II the Strong, operating from an advantageous defensive position, is defeated by a Swedish army half its size under the command of King Charles XII in the Battle of Klissow.
  • 1997 – The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army resumes a ceasefire to end their 25-year paramilitary campaign to end British rule in Northern Ireland.
  • 1701 – Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
  • 1982 – In one of the first militant attacks by Hezbollah, David S. Dodge, president of the American University of Beirut, is kidnapped.
  • 1821 – Coronation of George IV of the United Kingdom.
  • 711 – Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Battle of Guadalete: Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by King Roderic.
  • 1845 – Great New York City Fire of 1845: The last great fire to affect Manhattan began early in the morning and was subdued that afternoon. The fire killed four firefighters, 26 civilians, and destroyed 345 buildings.
  • 1940 – Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II, that Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements.
  • 1952 – Opening of the Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.
  • 1544 – Italian War of 1542–46: The first Siege of Boulogne begins.
  • 1843 – Brunels steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull and screw propeller, becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1817 – Unsuccessful in his attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Hawaii for the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schaffer is forced to admit defeat and leave Kauai.
  • 1864 – Taiping Rebellion: Third Battle of Nanking: The Qing dynasty finally defeats the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
  • 1940 – World War II: Battle of Cape Spada: The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
  • 1333 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill: The English win a decisive victory over the Scots.
  • 1545 – The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
  • 1983 – The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published.
  • 1553 – Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days on the throne.
  • 1916 – World War I: Battle of Fromelles: British and Australian troops attack German trenches as part of the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1832 – The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
  • 1979 – The oil tanker SS Atlantic Empress collides with another oil tanker, causing the largest ever ship-borne oil spill.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1985 – Marina Kuzina, Russian basketball player
  • 1955 – Roger Binny, Indian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Evelyn Glennie, Scottish musician
  • 1883 – Max Fleischer, Austrian-American animator and producer d. 1972
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2014
  • 1947 – Hans-Jurgen Kreische, German footballer and manager
  • 1890 – George II of Greece d. 1947
  • 1934 – Francisco de Sa Carneiro, Portuguese lawyer and politician, 111th Prime Minister of Portugal d. 1980
  • 1971 – Michael Modest, American wrestler
  • 1923 – Alex Hannum, American basketball player and coach d. 2002
  • 1893 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian actor, playwright, and poet d. 1930
  • 1849 – Ferdinand Brunetiere, French scholar and critic d. 1906
  • 1904 – Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer and farmer d. 1985
  • 1963 – Thomas Gabriel Fischer, Swiss musician
  • 1569 – Conrad Vorstius, Dutch theologian d. 1622
  • 1979 – Luke Young, English footballer
  • 1994 – Christian Welch, Australian rugby league player
  • 1981 – Mark Gasnier, Australian rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Anthony Edwards, American actor and director
  • 1986 – Leandro Greco, Italian footballer
  • 1950 – Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian politician, Norwegian Minister of Finance
  • 1961 – Campbell Scott, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1921 – Elizabeth Spencer, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright d. 2019
  • 1924 – Stanley K. Hathaway, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 40th United States Secretary of the Interior d. 2005
  • 1950 – Freddy Moore, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1988 – Kevin GroSkreutz, German footballer
  • 1968 – Jim Norton, American comedian, actor, and author
  • 1958 – Brad Drewett, Australian tennis player and sportscaster d. 2013
  • 1822 – Princess Augusta of Cambridge d. 1916
  • 1923 – William A. Rusher, American lawyer and journalist d. 2011
  • 1915 – Åke Hellman, Finnish painter d. 2017
  • 1998 – Ronaldo Vieira, Bissau-Guinean footballer
  • 1960 – Kevin Haskins, English drummer and songwriter
  • 1988 – Shane Dawson, American comedian and actor
  • 1935 – Nick Koback, American baseball player and golfer d. 2015
  • 1982 – Jess Vanstrattan, Australian footballer
  • 1983 – Fedor Tyutin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1956 – Mark Crispin, American computer scientist, designed the IMAP d. 2012
  • 1921 – Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2011
  • 1984 – Andrea Libman, Canadian voice actress
  • 1961 – Lisa Lampanelli, American comedian, actress, and author
  • 1958 – Robert Gibson, American wrestler
  • 1974 – Francisco Copado, German footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Ebbe Sand, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1973 – Scott Walker, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1899 – Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay, Indian physician, author, poet, and playwright d. 1979
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American woman, tried and acquitted for the murders of her parents in 1892 d. 1927
  • 1923 – Theo Barker, English historian d. 2001
  • 1982 – Christopher Bear, American drummer
  • 1974 – Rey Bucanero, Mexican wrestler
  • 1973 – Martin Powell, English keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1955 – Dalton McGuinty, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Premier of Ontario
  • 1971 – Vitali Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer and politician, Mayor of Kiev
  • 1919 – Ron Searle, English-Canadian soldier, publisher, and politician, 4th Mayor of Mississauga d. 2015
  • 1967 – Yael Abecassis, Israeli model and actress
  • 1946 – Alan Gorrie, Scottish singer-songwriter and musician Average White Band
  • 1964 – Masahiko Kondō, Japanese singer-songwriter and race car driver
  • 1984 – Ryan OByrne, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Adrian Noble, English director and screenwriter
  • 1938 – Tom Raworth, English poet and academic d. 2017
  • 1908 – Daniel Fry, American contactee d. 1992
  • 1907 – Isabel Jewell, American actress d. 1972
  • 1925 – Sue Thompson, American singer
  • 1974 – Vince Spadea, American tennis player
  • 1952 – Allen Collins, American guitarist and songwriter d. 1990
  • 1963 – Garth Nix, Australian author
  • 1960 – Atom Egoyan, Egyptian-Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1947 – Andre Forcier, Canadian director and screenwriter
  • 1970 – Bill Chen, American poker player and software designer
  • 1914 – Marius Russo, American baseball player d. 2005
  • 1985 – Zhou Haibin, Chinese footballer
  • 1835 – Justo Rufino Barrios, Guatemalan president d. 1885
  • 1974 – Preston Wilson, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1920 – Richard Oriani, Salvadoran-American metallurgist and engineer d. 2015
  • 1981 – David Bernard, Jamaican cricketer
  • 1688 – Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary and painter d. 1766
  • 1954 – Steve ODonnell, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1951 – Abel Ferrara, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1759 – Marianna Auenbrugger, Austrian pianist and composer d. 1782
  • 1846 – Edward Charles Pickering, American astronomer and physicist d. 1919
  • 1921 – Andre Moynet, French soldier, race car driver, and politician d. 1993
  • 1814 – Samuel Colt, American businessman, founded the Colts Manufacturing Company d. 1862
  • 1894 – Khawaja Nazimuddin, Bangladeshi-Pakistani politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan d. 1965
  • 1936 – David Colquhoun, English pharmacologist and academic
  • 1923 – Joseph Hansen, American author and poet d. 2004
  • 1834 – Edgar Degas, French painter, sculptor, and illustrator d. 1917
  • 1943 – Han Sai Por, Singaporean sculptor and academic
  • 1894 – Percy Spencer, American physicist and inventor of the microwave oven d. 1969
  • 1971 – Rene Busch, Estonian tennis player and coach
  • 1954 – Srda Trifkovic, Serbian-American journalist and historian
  • 1223 – Baibars, sultan of Egypt d. 1277
  • 1961 – Benoit Mariage, Belgian director and screenwriter
  • 1888 – Enno Lolling, German physician d. 1945
  • 1865 – Georges Friedel, French mineralogist and crystallographer d. 1933
  • 1987 – Jon Jones, American mixed martial artist
  • 1980 – Xavier Malisse, Belgian tennis player
  • 1947 – Brian May, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and astrophysicist
  • 1819 – Gottfried Keller, Swiss author, poet, and playwright d. 1890
  • 1977 – Ed Smith, English cricketer and journalist
  • 1928 – Choi Yun-chil, South Korean long-distance runner and a two-time national champion in the marathon.
  • 1896 – Reginald Baker, English film producer d. 1985
  • 1941 – Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician and diplomat, European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society
  • 1968 – Pavel Kuka, Czech footballer and manager
  • 810 – Muhammad al-Bukhari, Persian scholar d. 870
  • 1923 – Lon Simmons, American baseball player and sportscaster d. 2015
  • 1892 – Dick Irvin, Canadian ice hockey player and coach d. 1957
  • 1967 – Jean-François Mercier, Canadian comedian, screenwriter, and television host
  • 1920 – Robert Mann, American violinist, composer, and conductor d. 2018
  • 1979 – Josue Anunciado de Oliveira, Brazilian footballer
  • 1945 – Paule Baillargeon, Canadian actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – Rick Ankiel, American baseball player
  • 1941 – Vikki Carr, American singer and actress
  • 1980 – Giorgio Mondini, Italian race car driver
  • 1971 – Lesroy Weekes, Montserratian cricketer
  • 1868 – Florence Foster Jenkins, American soprano and educator d. 1944
  • 1989 – Sam McKendry, Australian-New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1979 – Dilhara Fernando, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1865 – Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon, founded the Mayo Clinic d. 1939
  • 1932 – Buster Benton, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 1996
  • 1971 – Catriona Rowntree, Australian television host
  • 1896 – A. J. Cronin, Scottish physician and novelist d. 1981
  • 1965 – Claus-Dieter Wollitz, German footballer and manager
  • 1917 – William Scranton, American captain and politician, 13th United States Ambassador to the United Nations d. 2013
  • 1876 – Joseph Fielding Smith, American religious leader, 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints d. 1972
  • 1983 – Helen Skelton, English television host and actress
  • 1912 – Peter Leo Gerety, American prelate d. 2016
  • 1759 – Seraphim of Sarov, Russian monk and saint d. 1833
  • 1922 – Rachel Robinson, American professor, registered nurse, and the widow of baseball player Jackie Robinson
  • 1789 – John Martin, English painter, engraver, and illustrator d. 1854
  • 1929 – Orville Turnquest, Bahamian politician
  • 1946 – Ilie Nastase, Romanian tennis player and politician
  • 1842 – Frederic T. Greenhalge, English-American lawyer and politician, 38th Governor of Massachusetts d. 1896
  • 1919 – Patricia Medina, English-American actress d. 2012
  • 1919 – Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet and author d. 2005
  • 1970 – Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish lawyer and politician, First Minister of Scotland
  • 1800 – Juan Jose Flores, Venezuelan general and politician, 1st President of Ecuador d. 1864
  • 1771 – Thomas Talbot, Irish-Canadian colonel and politician d. 1853
  • 1922 – George McGovern, American lieutenant, historian, and politician d. 2012
  • 1977 – Tony Mamaluke, American wrestler and manager
  • 1969 – Matthew Libatique, American cinematographer
  • 1894 – Aleksandr Khinchin, Russian mathematician and academic d. 1959
  • 1869 – Xenophon Stratigos, Greek general and politician, Greek Minister of Transport d. 1927
  • 1991 – Eray Iscan, Turkish footballer
  • 1670 – Richard Leveridge, English singer-songwriter d. 1758
  • 1947 – Bernie Leadon, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1984 – Lewis Price, Welsh footballer
  • 1924 – Arthur Rankin Jr., American director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2014
  • 1949 – Kgalema Motlanthe, South African politician, 3rd President of South Africa
  • 1977 – Jean-Sebastien Aubin, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1932 – Jan Lindblad, Swedish biologist and photographer d. 1987
  • 1988 – Jakub Kovae, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer d. 2015
  • 1924 – Pat Hingle, American actor and producer d. 2009
  • 1975 – Luca Castellazzi, Italian footballer
  • 1744 – Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and poet d. 1806
  • 1974 – Josee Piche, Canadian ice dancer
  • 1961 – Maria Filatova, Russian gymnast
  • 1984 – Adam Morrison, American basketball player
  • 1895 – Xu Beihong, Chinese painter and academic d. 1953
  • 1987 – Marc Murphy, Australian footballer
  • 1959 – Juan J. Campanella, Argentinian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1909 – Balamani Amma, Indian poet and author d. 2004
  • 1944 – Andres Vooremaa, Estonian chess player
  • 1420 – William VIII, Marquess of Montferrat d. 1483
  • 1929 – Gaston Glock, Austrian engineer and businessman, co-founded Glock Ges.m.b.H.
  • 1938 – Richard Jordan, American actor d. 1993
  • 1928 – Samuel John Hazo, American author
  • 1948 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter d. 1980
  • 1921 – Harold Camping, American evangelist, author, radio host d. 2013
  • 1961 – Harsha Bhogle, Indian journalist and author
  • 1954 – Mark ODonnell, American playwright d. 2012
  • 1985 – LaMarcus Aldridge, American basketball player
  • 1938 – Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist and astronomer
  • 1982 – Jared Padalecki, American actor
  • 1916 – Phil Cavarretta, American baseball player and manager d. 2010
  • 1958 – David Robertson, American conductor
  • 1896 – Bob Meusel, American baseball player and sailor d. 1977
  • 1968 – Robb Flynn, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1794 – Jose Justo Corro, Mexican politician and president, 1836-1837 d. 1864
  • 1944 – Tim McIntire, American actor and singer d. 1986
  • 1875 – Alice Dunbar Nelson, African-American poet and activist d. 1935
  • 1961 – Hideo Nakata, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1902 – Samudrala Raghavacharya, Indian singer, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 1968
  • 1981 – Nenê, Brazilian footballer
  • 1898 – Herbert Marcuse, German-American sociologist and philosopher d. 1979
  • 1981 – Jimmy Gobble, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Gregory Vignal, French footballer
  • 1827 – Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier d. 1857
  • 1881 – Friedrich Dessauer, German physicist and philosopher d. 1963
  • 1926 – Helen Gallagher, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1992 – Jake Nicholson, English footballer
  • 1976 – Gonzalo de los Santos, Uruguayan footballer and manager
  • 1886 – Michael Fekete, Hungarian-Israeli mathematician and academic d. 1957
  • 1952 – Jayne Anne Phillips American novelist and short story writer
  • 1877 – Arthur Fielder, English cricketer d. 1949
  • 1976 – Benedict Cumberbatch, English actor
  • 1982 – Phil Coke, American baseball player
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1981 – Roger Doucet, Canadian tenor b. 1919
  • 2007 – Roberto Fontanarrosa, Argentinian cartoonist b. 1944
  • 1234 – Floris IV, Dutch nobleman b. 1210
  • 2014 – Ingemar Odlander, Swedish journalist b. 1936
  • 1980 – Margaret Craven, American journalist and author b. 1901
  • 1824 – Agustin de Iturbide, Mexican general and emperor b. 1783
  • 2006 – Jack Warden, American actor b. 1920
  • 1974 – Erno Schwarz, Hungarian-American soccer player and coach b. 1904
  • 2012 – Omar Suleiman, Egyptian general and politician, 16th Vice President of Egypt b. 1935
  • 1947 – U Razak, Burmese educator and politician b. 1898
  • 2003 – Pierre Graber, Swiss politician, President of the Swiss National Council b. 1908
  • 1947 – Aung San, Burmese general and politician b. 1915
  • 1333 – John Campbell, Scottish nobleman
  • 1992 – Paolo Borsellino, Italian lawyer and judge b. 1940
  • 2012 – Valiulla Yakupov, Islamic cleric b. 1963
  • 806 – Li Shigu, Chinese general b. 778
  • 2009 – Henry Surtees, English race car driver b. 1991
  • 1333 – Kenneth de Moravia, 4th Earl of Sutherland
  • 1963 – William Andrew, English priest b. 1884
  • 2007 – A. K. Faezul Huq, Bangladeshi journalist, lawyer, and politician b. 1945
  • 2012 – Tom Davis, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter b. 1952
  • 2018 – Denis Ten, Kazakhstani figure skater b. 1993
  • 1984 – Faina Ranevskaya, Russian actress b. 1896
  • 1933 – Kaarle Krohn, Finnish historian and academic b. 1863
  • 2010 – Jon Cleary, Australian author and playwright b. 1917
  • 2012 – Humayun Ahmed, Bangladeshi director and playwright b. 1948
  • 2013 – Bert Trautmann, German footballer and manager b. 1923
  • 2004 – J. Gordon Edwards, American entomologist, mountaineer, and DDT advocate b. 1919
  • 998 – Damian Dalassenos, Byzantine general b. 940
  • 1977 – Karl Ristikivi, Estonian geographer, author, and poet b. 1912
  • 2009 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator b. 1930
  • 1249 – Jacopo Tiepolo, doge of Venice
  • 2014 – John Winkin, American baseball player, coach, and journalist b. 1919
  • 2013 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer b. 1931
  • 2013 – Phil Woosnam, Welsh-American soccer player and manager b. 1932
  • 1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Prussian queen b. 1776
  • 1878 – Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician and academic b. 1847
  • 2002 – Dave Carter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1952
  • 1857 – Stefano Franscini, Swiss statistician and politician b. 1796
  • 2015 – Van Alexander, American composer and conductor b. 1915
  • 1943 – Yekaterina Budanova, Russian captain and pilot b. 1916
  • 2019 – Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor, director, and producer b. 1944
  • 1333 – Sir Archibald Douglas, Scottish nobleman
  • 2014 – David Easton, Canadian-American political scientist and academic b. 1917
  • 1982 – Hugh Everett III, American physicist and mathematician b. 1930
  • 1374 – Petrarch, Italian poet and scholar b. 1304
  • 1994 – Victor Barbeau, Canadian author and academic b. 1896
  • 1030 – Adalberon, French bishop
  • 1998 – Elmer Valo, Polish-American baseball player, coach, and manager b. 1921
  • 1896 – Abraham H. Cannon, American publisher and religious leader b. 1859
  • 1333 – Alexander Bruce, Scottish nobleman
  • 2012 – Sylvia Woods, American businesswoman, co-founded Sylvias Restaurant of Harlem b. 1926
  • 1975 – Lefty Frizzell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1928
  • 1930 – Robert Stout, Scottish-New Zealand politician, 13th Prime Minister of New Zealand b. 1844
  • 1965 – Syngman Rhee, South Korean journalist and politician, 1st President of South Korea b. 1875
  • 2014 – Paul M. Fleiss, American pediatrician and author b. 1933
  • 1631 – Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher and academic b. 1550
  • 1980 – Hans Morgenthau, German-American political scientist, philosopher, and academic b. 1904
  • 2004 – Francis A. Marzen, American priest and journalist b. 1924
  • 2014 – Leen Vleggeert, Dutch politician b. 1931
  • 2004 – Zenkō Suzuki, Japanese politician, 70th Prime Minister of Japan b. 1911
  • 2005 – Edward Bunker, American author and screenwriter b. 1933
  • 2014 – Harry Pougher, English cricketer b. 1941
  • 1985 – Janusz Zajdel, Polish author b. 1938
  • 2003 – Bill Bright, American evangelist and author, founded the Campus Crusade for Christ b. 1921
  • 2013 – Peter Ziegler, Swiss geologist and academic b. 1928
  • 2014 – Jerzy Jurka, Polish biologist b. 1950
  • 2014 – Rubem Alves, Brazilian theologian b. 1933
  • 1990 – Eddie Quillan, American actor b. 1907
  • 2012 – Mohammad Hassan Ganji, Iranian meteorologist and academic b. 1912
  • 1984 – Aziz Sami, Iraqi writer and translator b. 1895
  • 1947 – Lyuh Woon-hyung, South Korean politician b. 1886
  • 2002 – Alan Lomax, American historian, scholar, and activist b. 1915
  • 1415 – Philippa of Lancaster, Portuguese queen b. 1360
  • 1939 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet and author b. 1850
  • 1814 – Matthew Flinders, English navigator and cartographer b. 1774
  • 2018 – Jon Schnepp, American producer, director, voice actor, editor, writer, cartoonist, animator, and cinematographer b. 1967
  • 1742 – William Somervile, English poet and author b. 1675
  • 1333 – Maol Choluim II, Scottish nobleman
  • 1925 – John Indermaur, British lawyer b. 1851
  • 1913 – Climaco Calderon, Colombian lawyer and politician, 15th President of Colombia b. 1852
  • 514 – Symmachus, pope of the Catholic Church
  • 973 – Kyunyeo, Korean monk and poet b. 917
  • 1543 – Mary Boleyn, English daughter of Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire b. 1499
  • 2014 – James Garner, American actor b. 1928
  • 1980 – Nihat Erim, Turkish jurist and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Turkey b. 1912
  • 2008 – Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedian and actress b. 1907
  • 2013 – Mikhail Gorsheniov, Russian singer-songwriter b. 1973
  • 2014 – Ray King, English footballer and manager b. 1924
  • 2013 – Mel Smith, English actor, director, and screenwriter b. 1952
  • 1838 – Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist and chemist b. 1785
  • 2004 – Sylvia Daoust, Canadian sculptor b. 1902
  • 2015 – Galina Prozumenshchikova, Ukrainian-Russian swimmer and journalist b. 1948
  • 2013 – Leyla Erbil, Turkish author b. 1931
  • 1967 – Odell Shepard, American poet and politician, 66th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut b. 1884
  • 1850 – Margaret Fuller, American journalist and critic b. 1810
  • 1855 – Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet and translator b. 1787
  • 2016 – Garry Marshall, American actor, director, and producer b. 1934
  • 1969 – Stratis Myrivilis, Greek soldier and author b. 1890
  • 2015 – Gennadiy Seleznyov, Russian journalist and politician, 2nd Speaker of the Duma b. 1947
  • 1989 – Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish businessman and politician, President of the Republic of Poland b. 1913
  • 2010 – Cecile Aubry, French actress, author, television screenwriter and director b. 1928
  • 2015 – Carmino Ravosa, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer b. 1930
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Justa and Rufina
  • Bernold, Bishop of Utrecht
  • July 19 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Kirdjun or Abakerazum
  • Symmachus
  • Arsenius Catholic Church
  • Macrina the Younger, Sister of St. Basil the Great
  • Christian feast day
  • Sandinista Day or Liberation Day Nicaragua
  • Martyrs Day Myanmar

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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