Топ-100 ⓘ July 18. 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime M
Back

ⓘ July 18. 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime Minister of Japan because of numerous setbacks in the war effort. 1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosi ..



                                     

ⓘ July 18

  • 1944 – World War II: Hideki Tōjō resigns as Prime Minister of Japan because of numerous setbacks in the war effort.
  • 1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, kills around 200 people.
  • 1841 – Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.
  • 1925 – Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.
  • 1507 – In Brussels, Prince Charles I, is crowned Duke of Burgundy and Count of Flanders, a year after inheriting the title.
  • 1994 – The bombing of the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina Argentine Jewish Community Center in Buenos Aires kills 85 people mostly Jewish and injures 300.
  • 1942 – The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time.
  • 387 BC – Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia: A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.
  • 1994 – Rwandan genocide: The Rwandan Patriotic Front takes control of Gisenyi and north western Rwanda, forcing the interim government into Zaire and ending the genocide.
  • 1555 – The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain.
  • 1996 – Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebecs costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1195 – Battle of Alarcos: Almohad forces defeat the Castilian army of Alfonso VIII and force its retreat to Toledo.
  • 1966 – Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.
  • 1862 – First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1857 – Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Talls war against the French.
  • 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 2019 – A man sets fire to an anime studio in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, killing at 35 people and injuring dozens of others.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
  • 1936 – On the Spanish mainland, a faction of the army supported by fascists, rises up against the Second Spanish Republic in a coup detat starting the 3-year-long Civil War, resulting in the longest dictatorship in modern European history.
  • 477 BC – Battle of the Cremera as part of the Roman–Etruscan Wars. Veii ambushes and defeats the Roman army.
  • 1872 – The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.
  • 1389 – France and England agree to the Truce of Leulinghem, inaugurating a 13-year peace, the longest period of sustained peace during the Hundred Years War.
  • 362 – Roman–Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force 60.000 men and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire.
  • 1995 – On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital, forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1968 – Intel is founded in Mountain View, California.
  • 1942 – World War II: During the Beisfjord massacre in Norway, 15 Norwegian paramilitary guards help members of the SS to kill 288 political prisoners from Yugoslavia.
  • 1812 – The Treaties of Orebro end both the Anglo-Russian and Anglo-Swedish Wars.
  • 1290 – King Edward I of England issues the Edict of Expulsion, banishing all Jews numbering about 16.000 from England; this was Tisha BAv on the Hebrew calendar, a day that commemorates many Jewish calamities.
  • 2013 – The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
  • 1984 – McDonalds massacre in San Ysidro, California: In a fast-food restaurant, James Oliver Huberty opens fire, killing 21 people and injuring 19 others before being shot dead by police.
  • 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile bell tower of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 452 – Sack of Aquileia: After an earlier defeat on the Catalaunian Plains, Attila lays siege to the metropolis of Aquileia and eventually destroys it.
  • 645 – Chinese forces under general Li Shiji besiege the strategic fortress city of Anshi Liaoning during the Goguryeo–Tang War.
  • 1870 – The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
  • 2012 – At least seven people are killed and 32 others are injured after a bomb explodes on an Israeli tour bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria.
  • 1391 – Tokhtamysh–Timur war: Battle of the Kondurcha River: Timur defeats Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in present-day southeast Russia.
  • 1992 – A picture of Les Horribles Cernettes was taken, which became the first ever photo posted to the World Wide Web.
  • 1982 – Two hundred sixty-eight Guatemalan campesinos "peasants" or "country people" are slain in the Plan de Sanchez massacre.
  • 1996 – Battle of Mullaitivu: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Armys base, killing over 1200 soldiers.
  • 1976 – Nadia Comaneci becomes the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1966 – A racially charged incident in a bar sparks the six-day Hough riots in Cleveland, Ohio; 1.700 Ohio National Guard troops intervene to restore order.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1978 – Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1948 – Carlos Colon Sr., Puerto Rican-American wrestler and promoter
  • 1980 – Kristen Bell, American actress
  • 1969 – Elizabeth Gilbert, American author
  • 1950 – Mark Udall, American educator and politician
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer and politician
  • 1950 – Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group
  • 1853 – Hendrik Lorentz, Dutch physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1928
  • 1983 – Mikk Pahapill, Estonian decathlete
  • 1925 – Shirley Strickland, Australian runner and hurdler d. 2004
  • 1881 – Larry McLean, Canadian-American baseball player d. 1921
  • 1897 – Ernest Eldridge, English race car driver and engineer d. 1935
  • 1871 – Sada Yacco, Japanese actress and dancer d. 1946
  • 1963 – Marc Girardelli, Austrian-Luxembourgian skier
  • 1899 – Ernst Scheller, German soldier and politician, 8th Mayor of Marburg d. 1942
  • 1974 – Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1848 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer and physician d. 1915
  • 1946 – Kalpana Mohan, Indian actress
  • 1501 – Isabella of Austria, queen of Denmark d. 1526
  • 1925 – Raymond Jones, Australian Modernist architect
  • 1975 – Torii Hunter, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Elsa Pataky, Spanish actress
  • 1796 – Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher and academic d. 1879
  • 1945 – Pat Doherty, Irish Republican politician
  • 1921 – Heinz Bennent, German actor d. 2011
  • 1978 – Joo Sang-wook, South Korean actor
  • 1971 – Penny Hardaway, American basketball player and coach
  • 1925 – Windy McCall, American baseball relief pitcher d. 2015
  • 1921 – John Glenn, American colonel, astronaut, and politician d. 2016
  • 1943 – Joseph J. Ellis, American historian and author
  • 1950 – Kostas Eleftherakis, Greek footballer
  • 1900 – Nathalie Sarraute, French lawyer and author d. 1999
  • 1864 – Philip Snowden, 1st Viscount Snowden, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer d. 1937
  • 1961 – Pasi Rautiainen, Finnish footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1926 – Bernard Pons, French politician and medical doctor
  • 1928 – Andrea Gallo, Italian priest and author d. 2013
  • 1933 – Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet and playwright d. 2017
  • 1948 – Jeanne Cordova, American journalist and activist d. 2016
  • 1013 – Hermann of Reichenau, German music theorist d. 1054
  • 1895 – Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster d. 1954
  • 1982 – Ryan Cabrera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – The Great Sasuke, Japanese wrestler and politician
  • 1917 – Henri Salvador, French singer and guitarist d. 2008
  • 1928 – Baddiewinkle, American internet personality
  • 1964 – Wendy Williams, American talk show host
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player and coach
  • 1750 – Frederick Adolf, duke of Ostergotland d. 1803
  • 1971 – Sukhwinder Singh, Indian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1889 – Kōichi Kido, Japanese politician, 13th Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan d. 1977
  • 1910 – Mamadou Dia, Senegalese politician; 1st Prime Minister of Senegal d. 2009
  • 1947 – Steve Forbes, American publisher and politician
  • 1949 – Dennis Lillee, Australian cricketer and coach
  • 1948 – Graham Spanier, 16th President of Pennsylvania State University
  • 1905 – Robert Elton Brooker, American business executive d. 2000
  • 1909 – Andrei Gromyko, Belarusian-Russian economist and politician, Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs d. 1989
  • 1924 – Inge Sorensen, Danish swimmer d. 2011
  • 1895 – Olga Spessivtseva, Russian-American ballerina d. 1991
  • 1940 – Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Martin Torrijos, Panamanian economist and politician, 35th President of Panama
  • 1821 – Pauline Viardot, French soprano and composer d. 1910
  • 1983 – Aaron Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and drummer
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress d. 2007
  • 1552 – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor d. 1612
  • 1993 – Nabil Fekir, French footballer
  • 1843 – Virgil Earp, American marshal d. 1905
  • 1982 – Carlo Costly, Honduran footballer
  • 1950 – Jack Dongarra, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1439 – John V, duke of Saxe-Lauenburg d. 1507
  • 1940 – James Brolin, American actor
  • 1937 – Roald Hoffmann, Polish chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1923 – Michael Medwin, English actor
  • 1927 – Antonio Garcia-Trevijano, Spanish republican, political activist, and author d. 2018
  • 1951 – Margo Martindale, American actress
  • 1659 – Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter d. 1743
  • 1918 – Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2013
  • 1981 – Dennis Seidenberg, German ice hockey player
  • 1902 – Chill Wills, American actor d. 1978
  • 1913 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian d. 1997
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress d. 1994
  • 1983 – Jan Schlaudraff, German footballer
  • 1871 – Giacomo Balla, Italian painter d.1958
  • 1927 – Anthony Mirra, American gangster, member of the Bonanno Crime Family d. 1982
  • 1925 – Friedrich Zimmermann, German lawyer and politician, German Federal Minister of the Interior d. 2012
  • 1908 – Lupe Velez, Mexican-American actress and dancer d. 1944
  • 1933 – Jean Yanne, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2003
  • 1861 – Kadambini Ganguly, Indian physician, one of the first Indian women to obtain a degree d. 1923
  • 1989 – Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer
  • 1634 – Johannes Camphuys, Dutch politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies d. 1695
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1867 – Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist d. 1932
  • 1944 – David Hemery, English hurdler and author
  • 1914 – Gino Bartali, Italian cyclist d. 2000
  • 1987 – Tontowi Ahmad, Indonesian badminton player
  • 1892 – Arthur Friedenreich, Brazilian footballer d. 1969
  • 1921 – Richard Leacock, English-French director and producer d. 2011
  • 1929 – Screamin Jay Hawkins, American R&B singer-songwriter, musician, and actor d. 2000
  • 1939 – Brian Auger, English rock and jazz keyboard player
  • 1988 – Cesar Villaluz, Mexican footballer
  • 1978 – Adabel Guerrero, Argentinian actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1534 – Zacharius Ursinus, German theologian d. 1583
  • 1961 – Elizabeth McGovern, American actress
  • 1941 – Frank Farian, German songwriter and producer
  • 1935 – Tenley Albright, American figure skater and physician
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter d. 1963
  • 1908 – Peace Pilgrim, American mystic and activist d. 1981
  • 1718 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian poet, playwright, and critic d. 1808
  • 1915 – Roxana Cannon Arsht, American judge d. 2003
  • 1948 – Hartmut Michel, German biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1923 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and businessman d. 1997
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2016
  • 1927 – Keith MacDonald, Canadian politician
  • 1884 – Alberto di Jorio, Italian cardinal d. 1979
  • 1811 – William Makepeace Thackeray, English author and poet d. 1863
  • 1906 – S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American academic and politician d. 1992
  • 1997 – Noah Lyles, American sprinter
  • 1893 – David Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie, Scottish peer, soldier and courtier d. 1968
  • 1975 – M.I.A., English rapper and producer5
  • 1724 – Maria Antonia of Bavaria, Electress of Saxony d. 1780
  • 1957 – Nick Faldo, English golfer and sportscaster
  • 1968 – Grant Bowler, New Zealand-Australian actor
  • 1950 – Glenn Hughes, American disco singer Village People and actor d. 2001
  • 1926 – Maunu Kurkvaara, Finnish film director and screenwriter
  • 1908 – Beatrice Aitchison, American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist d. 1997
  • 1670 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer d. 1747
  • 1988 – Anis Ben-Hatira, German-Tunisian footballer
  • 1911 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter d. 2003
  • 1917 – Paul Streeten, Austrian-born British economics professor d. 2019
  • 1951 – Elio Di Rupo, Belgian chemist, academic, and politician, 68th Prime Minister of Belgium
  • 1976 – Go Soo-hee, South Korean actress
  • 1845 – Tristan Corbiere, French poet d. 1875
  • 1982 – Priyanka Chopra, Indian actress, singer, and film producer
  • 1898 – John Stuart, Scottish-English actor d. 1979
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author d. 2005
  • 1890 – Frank Forde, Australian educator and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Australia d. 1983
  • 1942 – Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer d. 2006
  • 1961 – Alan Pardew, English footballer and manager
  • 1950 – Jack Layton, Canadian political scientist, academic, and politician d. 2011
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American wrestler and producer
  • 1957 – Keith Levene, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1966 – Dan OBrien, American decathlete and coach
  • 1915 – Carequinha, Brazilian clown and actor d. 2006
  • 1968 – Scott Gourley, Australian rugby player
  • 1922 – Thomas Kuhn, American physicist, historian, and philosopher d. 1996
  • 1989 – Yohan Mollo, French footballer
  • 1983 – Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1702 – Maria Clementina Sobieska, Polish noble d. 1735
  • 1965 – Vesselina Kasarova, Bulgarian soprano
  • 1504 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss pastor and reformer d. 1575
  • 1927 – Kurt Masur, German conductor and educator d. 2015
  • 1985 – James Norton, English actor
  • 1938 – Ian Stewart, Scottish keyboard player and manager d. 1985
  • 1886 – Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general d. 1945
  • 1924 – Tullio Altamura, Italian actor
  • 1920 – Eric Brandon, English race car driver and businessman d. 1982
  • 1967 – Vin Diesel, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1910 – Diptendu Pramanick, Indian businessman d. 1989
  • 1946 – John Naughton, Scottish-Irish journalist, author, and academic
  • 1887 – Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian military officer and politician, Minister President of Norway d. 1945
  • 1977 – Alexander Morozevich, Russian chess player and author
  • 1909 – Bishnu Dey, Indian poet, critic, and academic d. 1982
  • 1926 – Nita Bieber, American actress
  • 1921 – Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist and academic
  • 1926 – Margaret Laurence, Canadian author and academic d. 1987
  • 1986 – Natalia Mikhailova, Russian ice dancer
  • 1989 – Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1993 – Lee Tae-min, South Korean singer and actor
  • 1927 – Mehdi Hassan, Pakistani ghazal singer and playback singer d. 2012
  • 1985 – Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer
  • 1929 – Dick Button, American figure skater and actor
  • 1914 – Oscar Heisserer, French footballer d. 2004
  • 1938 – John Connelly, English footballer d. 2012
  • 1994 – Nilo Soares, East Timorese footballer
  • 1955 – Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1818 – Louis Gerhard De Geer, Swedish lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Sweden d. 1896
  • 1934 – Edward Bond, English director, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1954 – Ricky Skaggs, American singer-songwriter, mandolin player, and producer
  • 1932 – Robert Ellis Miller, American director and screenwriter
  • 1916 – Charles Kittel, American physicist d. 2019
  • 1960 – Simon Heffer, English journalist and author
  • 1837 – Vasil Levski, Bulgarian priest and activist d. 1873
  • 1935 – Jayendra Saraswathi, Indian guru, 69th Shankaracharya
  • 1720 – Gilbert White, English ornithologist and ecologist d. 1793
  • 1962 – Shaun Micallef, Australian comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1909 – Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan commander and politician, 1st President of Afghanistan d. 1978
  • 1993 – Michael Lichaa, Australian rugby league player
  • 1915 – Louis Le Bailly, British Royal Navy officer d. 2010
  • 1979 – Deion Branch, American football player
  • 1985 – Chace Crawford, American actor
  • 1978 – Melissa Theuriau, French journalist
  • 1938 – Paul Verhoeven, Dutch director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1919 – Lilia Dale, Italian actress
  • 1939 – Jerry Moore, American football player and coach
  • 1978 – Crystal Mangum, American murderer responsible for making false rape allegations in the Duke lacrosse case
  • 1902 – Jessamyn West, American author d. 1984
  • 1942 – Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician, 84th President of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1921 – Peter Austin, English brewer, founded Ringwood Brewery d. 2014
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1608 – Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg b. 1546
  • 1968 – Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1892
  • 1639 – Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, German general b. 1604
  • 1966 – Bobby Fuller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1942
  • 1698 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian and author b. 1633
  • 2012 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor b. 1942
  • 1948 – Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian, academic, and politician b. 1877
  • 1938 – Marie of Romania b. 1875
  • 1989 – Donnie Moore, American baseball player b. 1954
  • 1756 – Pieter Langendijk, Dutch poet and playwright b. 1683
  • 2015 – Alex Rocco, American actor b. 1936
  • 2014 – Dietmar Schonherr, Austrian-Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter b. 1926
  • 1984 – Lally Bowers, English actress b. 1914
  • 2009 – Jill Balcon, English actress b. 1925
  • 1488 – Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer b. 1432
  • 1695 – Johannes Camphuys, Dutch politician, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies b. 1634
  • 1988 – Joly Braga Santos, Portuguese composer and conductor b. 1924
  • 1792 – John Paul Jones, Scottish-American admiral and diplomat b. 1747
  • 1982 – Roman Jakobson, Russian–American linguist and theorist b. 1896
  • 1270 – Boniface of Savoy, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 924 – Abul-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat, Abbasid vizier b. 855
  • 1887 – Dorothea Dix, American social reformer and activist b. 1802
  • 1863 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel b. 1837
  • 2004 – Emile Peynaud, French wine maker b. 1912
  • 1949 – Vitezslav Novak, Czech composer and educator b. 1870
  • 928 – Stephen II, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1610 – Caravaggio, Italian painter b. 1571
  • 912 – Zhu Wen, Chinese emperor b. 852
  • 1450 – Francis I, Duke of Brittany b. 1414
  • 1232 – John de Braose, Marcher Lord of Bramber and Gower
  • 1890 – Lydia Becker, English journalist, author, and activist, co-founded the Womens Suffrage Journal b. 1827
  • 1937 – Julian Bell, English poet and academic b. 1908
  • 1300 – Gerard Segarelli, Italian religious leader, founded the Apostolic Brethren b. 1240
  • 1981 – Sonja Branting-Westerståhl, Swedish lawyer b. 1890
  • 1566 – Bartolome de las Casas, Spanish bishop and historian b. 1484
  • 2014 – João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic b. 1941
  • 1194 – Guy of Lusignan, king consort of Jerusalem b. c. 1150
  • 1892 – Thomas Cook, English travel agent, founded the Thomas Cook Group b. 1808
  • 2012 – Hasan Turkmani, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense b. 1935
  • 1730 – François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy, French general b. 1644
  • 2013 – Vaali, Indian poet, songwriter, and actor b. 1931
  • 1952 – Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect and historian b. 1862
  • 2005 – Amy Gillett, Australian cyclist and rower b. 1976
  • 2005 – William Westmoreland, American general b. 1914
  • 1185 – Stefan, first Archbishop of Uppsala b. before 1143
  • 1899 – Horatio Alger, American novelist and journalist b. 1832
  • 1916 – Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author b. 1835
  • 1950 – Carl Clinton Van Doren, American critic and biographer b. 1885
  • 2012 – Jean François-Poncet, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs b. 1928
  • 1100 – Godfrey of Bouillon, Frankish knight b. 1016
  • 984 – Dietrich I, bishop of Metz
  • 1947 – Evald Tipner, Estonian footballer and ice hockey player b. 1906
  • 1949 – Francisco Javier Arana, Guatemalan Army colonel and briefly Guatemalan head of state b.1905
  • 2001 – Mimi Fariña, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1945
  • 1954 – Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster b. 1895
  • 2007 – Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician b. 1908
  • 2014 – Andreas Biermann, German footballer b. 1980
  • 2009 – Henry Allingham, English soldier b. 1896
  • 1990 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author b. 1896
  • 1932 – Jean Jules Jusserand, French author and diplomat, French Ambassador to the United States b. 1855
  • 1837 – Vincenzo Borg, Maltese merchant and rebel leader b. 1777
  • 1969 – Mary Jo Kopechne, American educator and secretary b. 1940
  • 2012 – Assef Shawkat, Syrian general and politician b. 1950
  • 707 – Emperor Monmu of Japan b. 683
  • 2018 – Jonathan Gold, American food critic b. 1960
  • 2012 – Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Lithuanian-Israeli rabbi and author b. 1910
  • 1975 – Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator b. 1941
  • 2006 – Henry Hewes, American theater writer b. 1917
  • 1591 – Jacobus Gallus, Slovenian composer b. 1550
  • 1989 – Rebecca Schaeffer, American model and actress b.1967
  • 2013 – Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and academic b. 1953
  • 1988 – Nico, German singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and actress b. 1938
  • 1884 – Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist and academic b. 1829
  • 1984 – Grigori Kromanov, Estonian director and screenwriter b. 1926
  • 715 – Muhammad bin Qasim, Umayyad general b. 695
  • 1987 – Gilberto Freyre, Brazilian sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer, painter, journalist and congressman b. 1907
  • 2012 – Dawoud Rajiha, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense b. 1947
  • 2004 – Andre Castelot, Belgian-French historian and author b. 1911
  • 1973 – Jack Hawkins, English actor b. 1910
  • 1872 – Benito Juarez, Mexican lawyer and politician, 26th President of Mexico b. 1806
  • 2007 – Jerry Hadley, American tenor b. 1952
  • 2018 – Adrian Cronauer, American Radio personality b. 1938
  • 1925 – Louis-Nazaire Begin, Canadian cardinal b. 1840
  • 1944 – Thomas Sturge Moore, English author, poet, and playwright b. 1870
  • 1650 – Robert Levinz, English Royalist, hanged in London by Parliamentary forces as a spy b. 1615
  • 2002 – Metin Toker, Turkish journalist and author b. 1924
  • 1817 – Jane Austen, English novelist b. 1775
  • 1990 – Yun Posun, South Korean politician, 2nd President of South Korea b. 1897
  • 1721 – Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter b. 1684
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Teneu or Theneva
  • Theodosia of Constantinople
  • Bruno of Segni
  • Elizabeth Ferard Church of England
  • Bartolome de las Casas Episcopal Church USA)
  • Arnulf of Metz
  • Philastrius or Filaster
  • Pambo
  • Christian feast day
  • Eadburh or Edburga of Bicester
  • July 18 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Camillus de Lellis optional memorial, United States only
  • Marina of Aguas Santas
  • Symphorosa
  • Minnborinus of Cologne
  • Maternus of Milan
  • Goneri of Brittany
  • Frederick of Utrecht
  • Gundenis
  • Constitution Day Uruguay
  • Nelson Mandela International Day

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →