Топ-100 ⓘ July 14. 2016 – A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France
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ⓘ July 14. 2016 – A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France kills 86 civilians and injures over 400 others. 1874 – The Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres ..



July 14
                                     

ⓘ July 14

  • 2016 – A terrorist vehicular attack in Nice, France kills 86 civilians and injures over 400 others.
  • 1874 – The Chicago Fire of 1874 burns down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings, killing 20, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicagos city council.
  • 1798 – The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
  • 1791 – The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1790 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the unity of the French people and the national reconciliation in the Fête de la Federation.
  • 1900 – Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
  • 1223 – Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II.
  • 1789 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille.
  • 1915 – World War I: The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • 1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot and wounded near the Italian Parliament.
  • 1940 – Peoples Seimas held parliamentary elections, and the Union of Labor Lithuania ULL won, paving the way for Lithuania to become Lithuanian SSR; Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic, consolidating into the Soviet Union on July 21, 1940.
  • 1933 – Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
  • 1420 – Battle of Vitkov Hill, decisive victory of Czech Hussite forces commanded by Jan Zizka against Crusade army led by Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.
  • 1789 – Alexander Mackenzie finally completes his journey to the mouth of the great river he hoped would take him to the Pacific, but which turns out to flow into the Arctic Ocean. Later named after him, the Mackenzie is the second-longest river system in North America.
  • 1958 – Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces led by Abd al-Karim Qasim, who becomes the nations new leader.
  • 1969 – The Federal Reserve Banks begins removing large denominations of United States currency from circulation.
  • 1771 – Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junipero Serra.
  • 1902 – The Campanile in St Marks Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1853 – Opening of the first major US worlds fair, the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York City.
  • 756 – An Lushan Rebellion: Emperor Xuanzong flees the capital Changan as An Lushans forces advance toward the city.
  • 1911 – Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers, lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from U.S. President William Howard Taft for this feat.
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
  • 1865 – First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
  • 1976 – Capital punishment is abolished in Canada.
  • 2002 – French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
  • 1877 – The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in Martinsburg, West Virginia, when wages of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers were cut for the third time in a year. The strike was ended on Sept 4 by local and state militias, and federal troops.
  • 1957 – Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
  • 1769 – An expedition led by Gaspar de Portola leaves its base in California and sets out to find the Port of Monterey now Monterey, California.
  • 1969 – Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer match against El Salvador, riots break out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
  • 1950 – Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.
  • 2013 – The dedication of statue of Rachel Carson, a sculpture named for the environmentalist, in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
  • 1960 – Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
  • 1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds releases his Linux soon afterwards.
  • 1933 – The Nazi eugenics begins with the proclamation of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring that calls for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who suffers from alleged genetic disorders.
  • 1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
  • 1965 – The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
  • 2003 – Hurricane Claudette gathers strength over the Gulf of Mexico and heads for the Texas coast, killing two people.
  • 1928 – New Vietnam Revolutionary Party is founded in Huế, providing some of the communist partys most important leaders in its early years.
  • 2015 – NASAs New Horizons probe performs the first flyby of Pluto, and thus completes the initial survey of the Solar System.
  • 1916 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Delville Wood as an action within the Battle of the Somme, which was to last until 3 September 1916.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1989 – Rolando McClain, American football player
  • 1878 – Donald Meek, Scottish actor d. 1946
  • 1960 – Mike McPhee, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1922 – Robin Olds, American general and pilot d. 2007
  • 1938 – Tommy Vig, Hungarian vibraphone player, drummer, and composer
  • 1981 – Matti Hautamaki, Finnish ski jumper
  • 1947 – Navin Ramgoolam, Mauritius physician and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Mauritius
  • 1987 – Dan Reynolds, American singer-songwriter
  • 1941 – Maulana Karenga, American philosopher, author, and activist, created Kwanzaa
  • 1973 – Paul Methric, American rapper and producer
  • 1947 – Claudia J. Kennedy, American general
  • 1755 – Michel de Beaupuy, French general d. 1796
  • 1952 – Franklin Graham, American evangelist and missionary
  • 1932 – Rosey Grier, American football player and actor
  • 1922 – Elfriede Rinkel, German SS officer d. 2018
  • 1960 – Angelique Kidjo, Beninese singer-songwriter, activist, and actor
  • 1947 – John Blackman, Australian radio and television presenter
  • 1918 – Jay Wright Forrester, American computer engineer and systems scientist d. 2016
  • 1926 – Himayat Ali Shair, Urdu poet d. 2019
  • 1410 – Arnold, Duke of Guelders, d. 1473
  • 1921 – Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1996
  • 1983 – Igor Andreev, Russian tennis player
  • 1602 – Cardinal Mazarin, Italian-French cardinal and politician, 2nd Chief Minister of the French Monarch d. 1661
  • 1903 – Irving Stone, American author and educator d. 1989
  • 1926 – Wallace Jones, American basketball player and coach d. 2014
  • 1967 – Marios Constantinou, Cypriot footballer and manager
  • 1868 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist and spy d. 1926
  • 1939 – George Edgar Slusser, American scholar and author d. 2014
  • 1982 – Dmitry Chaplin, Russian-American dancer and choreographer
  • 1675 – Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French general d. 1747
  • 1981 – Robbie Maddison, Australian motorcycle racer
  • 1924 – Warren Giese, American football player, coach, and politician d. 2013
  • 1906 – William H. Tunner, American general d. 1983
  • 1967 – Jeff Jarrett, American wrestler and promoter, co-founder of Impact Wrestling
  • 926 – Murakami, emperor of Japan d. 967
  • 1918 – Ingmar Bergman, Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2007
  • 1816 – Arthur de Gobineau, French author and diplomat d. 1882
  • 1982 – Achille Coser, Italian footballer
  • 1888 – Scipio Slataper, Italian author and critic d. 1915
  • 1974 – Erick Dampier, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Samir Handanovic, Slovenian footballer
  • 1995 – Federico Mattiello, Italian footballer
  • 1969 – Jose Hernandez, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1948 – Earl Williams, American baseball player d. 2013
  • 1928 – William Rees-Mogg, English journalist and public servant d. 2012
  • 1950 – Bruce Oldfield, English fashion designer
  • 1984 – Renaldo Balkman, American basketball player
  • 1676 – Caspar Abel, German historian, poet, and theologian d. 1763
  • 1965 – Urmas Kruuse, Estonian lawyer and politician, 41st Mayor of Tartu
  • 1923 – Dale Robertson, American actor d. 2013
  • 1893 – Garimella Satyanarayana, Indian poet and author d. 1952
  • 1721 – John Douglas, Scottish bishop and scholar d. 1807
  • 1696 – William Oldys, English historian and author d. 1761
  • 1970 – Jacob Young, Norwegian guitarist
  • 1785 – Mordecai Manuel Noah, American journalist, playwright, and diplomat d. 1851
  • 1893 – Clarence J. Brown, American publisher and politician, 36th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio d. 1965
  • 1965 – Collins Nweke, Belgian politician of Nigerian origin, 1st foreign born person elected to political office in West Flanders
  • 1914 – Fred Fox, French musician d. 2019
  • 1862 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter and illustrator d. 1918
  • 1993 – Sayaka Yamamoto, Japanese singer
  • 1923 – Robert Zildjian, American businessman, founded Sabian d. 2013
  • 1960 – Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 37th Premier of Queensland
  • 1801 – Johannes Peter Muller, German physiologist and anatomist d. 1858
  • 1960 – Jane Lynch, American actress and game show host
  • 1874 – Crawford Vaughan, Australian politician, 27th Premier of South Australia d. 1947
  • 1959 – Aubrey McClendon, American businessman d. 2016
  • 1984 – Mounir El Hamdaoui, Moroccan footballer
  • 1958 – Mircea Geoana, Romanian politician and diplomat, 97th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1947 – Salih Neftçi, Turkish economist and author d. 2009
  • 1986 – Alexander Gerndt, Swedish footballer
  • 1743 – Gavrila Derzhavin, Russian poet and politician d. 1816
  • 1997 – Cengiz Under, Turkish footballer
  • 1927 – John Chancellor, American journalist d. 1996
  • 1987 – Aqeel Ahmed, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1889 – Ante Pavelic, Croatian war criminal and Porajmos perpetrator; 1st Foreign Minister of the Independent State of Croatia d. 1959
  • 1984 – Lenka Dlhopolcova, Slovak tennis player
  • 1946 – John Wood, Australian actor and screenwriter
  • 1859 – Willy Hess, German violinist and educator d. 1928
  • 1454 – Poliziano, Italian poet and scholar d. 1494
  • 1795 – Eleanor Anne Porden, British Romantic poet; wife of the explorer, John Franklin d. 1825
  • 1885 – Sisavang Vong, Laotian king d. 1959
  • 1953 – Martha Coakley, American lawyer and politician, 58th Attorney General of Massachusetts
  • 1921 – Leon Garfield, English author d. 1996
  • 1987 – Margus Hunt, Estonian-American football player, discus thrower, and shot putter
  • 1926 – Harry Dean Stanton, American actor, musician, and singer d. 2017
  • 1863 – Arthur Coningham, Australian cricketer d. 1939
  • 1978 – Mattias Ekstrom, Swedish race car driver
  • 1961 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
  • 1866 – Juliette Wytsman, Belgian painter d. 1925
  • 1989 – Cyril Rioli, Australian rules footballer
  • 1948 – Tom Latham, American politician
  • 1995 – Kim Hyo-joo, South Korean golfer
  • 1942 – Javier Solana, Spanish physicist and politician, Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1984 – Nilmar, Brazilian footballer
  • 1874 – Abbas II of Egypt d. 1944
  • 1829 – Edward Benson, English archbishop d. 1896
  • 1932 – Del Reeves, American country singer-songwriter d. 2007
  • 1971 – Howard Webb, English footballer and referee
  • 1952 – George Lewis, American musician and composer
  • 1634 – Pasquier Quesnel, French priest and theologian d. 1719
  • 1913 – Gerald Ford, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 38th President of the United States d. 2006
  • 1948 – Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king
  • 1987 – Sean Smith, American football player
  • 1974 – David Mitchell, British comedian
  • 1610 – Ferdinando II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany d. 1670
  • 1907 – Chico Landi, Brazilian race car driver d. 1989
  • 1921 – Sixto Duran Ballen, American-Ecuadorian architect and politician, 48th President of Ecuador d. 2016
  • 1955 – L. Brent Bozell III, American journalist and activist, founded the Media Research Center
  • 1921 – Armand Gaudreault, Canadian ice hockey player d. 2013
  • 1608 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English general d. 1657
  • 1918 – Arthur Laurents, American director, screenwriter, and playwright d. 2011
  • 1988 – James Vaughan, English footballer
  • 1979 – Bernie Castro, Dominican baseball player
  • 1939 – Karel Gott, Czech singer-songwriter and actor d. 2019
  • 1985 – Darrelle Revis, American football player
  • 1928 – Nancy Olson, American actress
  • 1966 – Matt Hume, American mixed martial artist and trainer
  • 1930 – Benoit Sinzogan, Beninese military officer and politician
  • 1922 – Kabi Laretei, Estonian-Swedish concert pianist d. 2014
  • 1952 – Joel Silver, American actor and producer, co-founded Dark Castle Entertainment
  • 1949 – Tommy Mottola, American businessman and music publisher
  • 1946 – Sue Lawley, English journalist
  • 1515 – Philip I, Duke of Pomerania d. 1560
  • 1967 – Robin Ventura, American baseball player and manager
  • 1940 – Susan Howatch, English author and academic
  • 1896 – Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish soldier and anarchist d. 1936
  • 1977 – Gordon Cree, Scottish singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1963 – Jacques Lacombe, Canadian organist and conductor
  • 1966 – Matthew Fox, American actor
  • 1901 – Gerald Finzi, English composer and academic d. 1956
  • 1984 – Erica Blasberg, American golfer d. 2010
  • 1889 – Marco de Gastyne, French painter and illustrator d. 1982
  • 1910 – William Hanna, American animator, director, producer, and actor, co-founded Hanna-Barbera d. 2001
  • 1960 – Kyle Gass, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor
  • 1989 – Sakari Mattila, Finnish footballer
  • 1975 – Jamey Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Andreas Khol, German-Austrian lawyer and politician
  • 1967 – Hashan Tillakaratne, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1938 – Jerry Rubin, American activist, author, and businessman d. 1994
  • 1966 – Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1911 – Pavel Prudnikau, Belarusian poet and author d. 2000
  • 1931 – Jacqueline de Ribes, French fashion designer and philanthropist
  • 1931 – E. V. Thompson, English police officer and author d. 2012
  • 1923 – Rene Favaloro, Argentine surgeon and cardiologist d. 2000
  • 1898 – Happy Chandler, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Kentucky, second Commissioner of Baseball d. 1991
  • 1933 – Robert Bourassa, Canadian lawyer and politician, 22nd Premier of Quebec d. 1996
  • 1901 – George Tobias, American actor d. 1980
  • 1936 – Robert F. Overmyer, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut d. 1996
  • 1925 – Bruce L. Douglas, American politician
  • 1872 – Albert Marque, French sculptor and doll maker d. 1939
  • 1968 – Michael Palmer, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 8th Speaker of the Parliament of Singapore
  • 1894 – Dave Fleischer, American animator, director, and producer d. 1979
  • 1933 – Dumaagiin Sodnom, Mongolian politician; 13th Prime Minister of Mongolia
  • 1995 – Serge Gnabry, German footballer
  • 1986 – Nikolay Kulemin, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1448 – Philip, Elector Palatine d. 1508
  • 1991 – Shabazz Napier, American basketball player
  • 1912 – Buddy Moreno, American musician d. 2015
  • 1930 – Polly Bergen, American actress and singer d. 2014
  • 1861 – Kate M. Gordon, American activist d. 1931
  • 1975 – Tim Hudson, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Jim Gordon, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1865 – Arthur Capper, American journalist and politician, 20th Governor of Kansas d. 1951
  • 1973 – Tani Fuga, Samoan rugby player
  • 1927 – Mike Esposito, American author and illustrator d. 2010
  • 1985 – Chris Wright, English cricketer
  • 1962 – Vanessa Lawrence, English geographer and civil servant
  • 1988 – Conor McGregor, Irish mixed martial artist
  • 1980 – George Smith, Australian rugby player
  • 1987 – Adam Johnson, English footballer
  • 1975 – Derlei, Brazilian footballer
  • 1671 – Jacques dAllonville, French astronomer and mathematician d. 1732
  • 1969 – Sven Sester, Estonian politician
  • 1964 – Brett Ogle, Australian golfer
  • 1983 – Thomas Howard, American football player d. 2013
  • 1920 – Marijohn Wilkin, American country and gospel songwriter d. 2006
  • 1952 – Bob Casale, American guitarist, keyboard player, and producer d. 2014
  • 1987 – Ryan Sweeting, Bahamian-American tennis player
  • 1862 – Florence Bascom, American geologist and educator d. 1945
  • 1912 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 1967
  • 1964 – Igor Shpilband, Russian-American ice dancer and coach
  • 1983 – Tito Muñoz, American conductor and academic
  • 1977 – Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1920 – Shankarrao Chavan, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Finance d. 2004
  • 1967 – Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician
  • 1906 – Tom Carvel, Greek-American businessman, founded Carvel d. 1990
  • 1985 – Billy Celeski, Australian footballer
  • 1986 – Dan Smith, English singer-songwriter
  • 1937 – Yoshirō Mori, Japanese journalist and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1979 – Axel Teichmann, German skier
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2015 – Wolf Gremm, German director and producer b. 1942
  • 664 – Eorcenberht, king of Kent
  • 2017 – Maryam Mirzakhani, Iranian mathematician b. 1977
  • 2013 – Matt Batts, American baseball player and coach b. 1921
  • 1994 – Cesar Tovar, Venezuelan baseball player b. 1940
  • 2005 – Cicely Saunders, English hospice founder b. 1918
  • 1780 – Charles Batteux, French philosopher and academic b. 1713
  • 1790 – Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Austrian field marshal b. 1717
  • 1973 – Ali Kılıç, Turkish captain and politician b. 1890
  • 1974 – Carl Andrew Spaatz, American general b. 1891
  • 2000 – Meredith MacRae, American actress b. 1944
  • 1979 – Walter Keppel, 9th Earl of Albemarle, English nobleman and soldier b. 1882
  • 1262 – Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, English soldier b. 1222
  • 1856 – Edward Vernon Utterson, English lawyer and historian b. 1775
  • 2015 – Willer Bordon, Italian businessman, academic, and politician, Italian Minister of the Environment b. 1949
  • 1614 – Camillus de Lellis, Italian priest and saint b. 1550
  • 2012 – Roy Shaw, English businessman and boxer b. 1936
  • 1223 – Philip II, king of France b. 1165
  • 1850 – August Neander, German historian and theologian b. 1789
  • 2007 – John Ferguson Sr., Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager b. 1938
  • 2013 – Dennis Burkley, American actor, director, and producer b. 1945
  • 2012 – Frank R. Burns, American football player and coach b. 1928
  • 1910 – Marius Petipa, French dancer and choreographer b. 1818
  • 1918 – Quentin Roosevelt, American lieutenant and pilot b. 1897
  • 2002 – Joaquin Balaguer, Dominican lawyer and politician, 41st President of the Dominican Republic b. 1906
  • 2000 – William Roscoe Estep, American historian and academic b. 1920
  • 1993 – Leo Ferre, Monacan singer-songwriter, pianist, and poet b. 1916
  • 2015 – Masao Horiba, Japanese businessman, founded Horiba b. 1924
  • 809 – Ōtomo no Otomaro, Japanese general and Shōgun b. 731
  • 1936 – Dhan Gopal Mukerji, Indian-American author and scholar b. 1890
  • 2005 – Joe Harnell, American pianist and composer b. 1924
  • 1989 – Frank Bell, English linguist and academic b. 1916
  • 1998 – Richard McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonalds b. 1909
  • 1789 – Bernard-Rene de Launay, French politician b. 1740
  • 2013 – Herbert M. Allison, American lieutenant and businessman b. 1943
  • 1986 – Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer b. 1893
  • 2014 – John Victor Parker, American soldier, lawyer, and judge b. 1928
  • 1817 – Germaine de Stael, French philosopher and author b. 1766
  • 1486 – Margaret of Denmark, daughter of Christian I of Denmark b. 1456
  • 1774 – James OHara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley, Irish field marshal b. 1682
  • 1970 – Preston Foster, American actor b. 1900
  • 2013 – Vladimir Mikhailovich Zakharov, Russian dancer and choreographer b. 1946
  • 1575 – Richard Taverner, English translator b. 1505
  • 2014 – Vange Leonel, Brazilian singer-songwriter and activist b. 1963
  • 1827 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist and engineer, reviver of wave theory of light, inventor of catadioptric lighthouse lens b. 1788
  • 1939 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter and illustrator b. 1860
  • 1526 – John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, English peer, landowner, and Lord Great Chamberlain of England b. 1499
  • 1766 – Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka, Czech architect b. 1674
  • 937 – Arnulf I, duke of Bavaria
  • 2012 – Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier b. 1929
  • 1742 – Richard Bentley, English scholar and theologian b. 1662
  • 1975 – Madan Mohan, Iraqi-Indian composer and conductor b. 1924
  • 1991 – Constance Stokes, Australian painter b. 1906
  • 1996 – Jeff Krosnoff, American race car driver b. 1964
  • 2016 – Helena Benitez, Filipino politician, educator and environmentalist b. 1914
  • 1954 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1866
  • 1242 – Hōjō Yasutoki, regent of Japan b. 1183
  • 1917 – Octave Lapize, French cyclist b. 1887
  • 1816 – Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan general b. 1750
  • 1937 – Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon b. 1874
  • 1966 – Julie Manet, French painter and art collector b. 1878
  • 1809 – Nicodemus the Hagiorite, Greek monk and saint b. 1749
  • 850 – Wei Fu, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty
  • 1968 – Konstantin Paustovsky, Russian author and poet b. 1892
  • 1789 – Jacques de Flesselles, French politician b. 1721
  • 1984 – Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter b. 1928
  • 2013 – Bill Warner, American motorcycle racer b. 1969
  • 2000 – Pepo, Chilean cartoonist b. 1911
  • 2001 – Guy de Lussigny, French painter b. 1929
  • 2003 – François-Albert Angers, Canadian economist and academic b. 1909
  • 1723 – Claude Fleury, French historian and author b. 1640
  • 1965 – Adlai Stevenson II, American soldier and politician, 5th United States Ambassador to the United Nations b. 1900
  • 1904 – Paul Kruger, South African politician, 5th President of the South African Republic b. 1824
  • 1907 – William Henry Perkin, English chemist and academic b. 1838
  • 2012 – John Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott, Scottish businessman and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Kincardineshire b. 1924
  • 2002 – Fritz Glatz, Austrian race car driver b. 1943
  • 1881 – Billy the Kid, American criminal b. 1859
  • 2012 – King Hill, American football player b. 1936
  • 1967 – Tudor Arghezi, Romanian author and poet b. 1880
  • 2014 – Alice Coachman, American high jumper b. 1923
  • 1834 – Edmond-Charles Genêt, French-American diplomat b. 1763
  • 1876 – John Buckley, English soldier, Victoria Cross recipient b. 1813
  • 2012 – Don Brinkley, American director, producer, and screenwriter b. 1921
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Boniface of Savoy
  • John Keble Church of England
  • Deusdedit of Canterbury
  • Gaspar de Bono
  • July 14 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Camillus de Lellis Roman Catholic Church, except in the United States
  • Francis Solanus
  • Christian feast day
  • Samson Occom Episcopal Church United States)
  • Idus of Leinster
  • Libert of Saint-Trond
  • Kateri Tekakwitha United States
  • Ulrich of Zell
  • Black Country Day, United Kingdom
  • Republic Day Iraq
  • Birthday of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, an official flag day. Sweden
  • Bastille Day France and French dependencies
  • Hondurans Day Honduras

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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