Топ-100 ⓘ July 12. 1961 – Indian city Pune floods due to failure of th
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ⓘ July 12. 1961 – Indian city Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams, killing at least two thousand people. 1973 – A fire destroys the ent ..



July 12
                                     

ⓘ July 12

  • 1961 – Indian city Pune floods due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams, killing at least two thousand people.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire sixth floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1920 – The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty is signed, by which Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of Lithuania.
  • 1191 – Third Crusade: Saladins garrison surrenders to Philip Augustus, ending the two-year siege of Acre.
  • 1493 – Hartmann Schedels Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early printed books, is published.
  • 1799 – Ranjit Singh conquers Lahore and becomes Maharaja of the Punjab Sikh Empire.
  • 1943 – German and Soviet forces engage in one of the largest armored engagements of all time.
  • 1948 – Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders the expulsion of Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
  • 1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 2012 – Syrian Civil War: Government forces target the homes of rebels and activists in Tremseh and kill anywhere between 68 and 150 people.
  • 1806 – Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 1962 – The Rolling Stones perform their first concert, at Londons Marquee Club.
  • 1776 – Captain James Cook begins his third voyage.
  • 2007 – U.S. Army Apache helicopters engage in airstrikes against civilians in Baghdad, Iraq; footage from the cockpit is later leaked to the Internet.
  • 1967 – Riots begin in Newark, New Jersey.
  • 1691 – Battle of Aughrim Julian calendar: The decisive victory of William III of Englands forces in Ireland.
  • 1812 – The American Army of the Northwest briefly occupies the Upper Canadian settlement at what is now at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1979 – The island nation of Kiribati becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1918 – The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship Kawachi blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
  • 1971 – The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.
  • 1862 – The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1470 – The Ottomans capture Euboea.
  • 1576 – Mughal Empire annexes Bengal after defeating the Bengal Sultanate at the Battle of Raj Mahal.
  • 1913 – Serbian forces begin their siege of the Bulgarian city of Vidin; the siege is later called off when the war ends.
  • 1917 – The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1.300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1527 – Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mac Dang Dung, ending the Lê dynasty and starting the Mac dynasty.
  • 1789 – In response to the dismissal of the French finance minister Jacques Necker, the radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gives a speech which results in the storming of the Bastille two days later.
  • AD 70 – The armies of Titus attack the walls of Jerusalem after a six-month siege. Three days later they breach the walls, which enables the army to destroy the Second Temple.
  • 1543 – King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
  • 1998 – The Ulster Volunteer Force attacked a house in Ballymoney, County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a petrol bomb, killing the Quinn brothers.
  • 927 – King Constantine II of Scotland, King Hywel Dda of Deheubarth, Ealdred of Bamburgh and King Owain of the Cumbrians accepted the overlordship of King Æthelstan of England, leading to seven years of peace in the north.
  • 2012 – A tank truck explosion kills more than 100 people in Okobie, Nigeria.
  • 1580 – The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.
  • 1801 – British ships inflict heavy damage on Spanish and French ships in the Second Battle of Algeciras.
  • 2006 – The 2006 Lebanon War begins.
  • 1562 – Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.
  • 2013 – Six people are killed and 200 injured in a French passenger train derailment in Bretigny-sur-Orge.
  • 1975 – São Tome and Principe declare independence from Portugal.
  • 1963 – Pauline Reade, 16, disappears in Gorton, England, the first victim in the Moors murders.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1861 – Anton Arensky, Russian pianist, composer, and educator d. 1906
  • 1872 – Emil Hacha, Czech lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Czechoslovakia d. 1945
  • 1988 – LeSean McCoy, American football player
  • 1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1651 – Margaret Theresa of Spain d. 1673
  • 1902 – Vic Armbruster, Australian rugby league player d. 1984
  • 1979 – Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
  • 1945 – Butch Hancock, American country-folk singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1959 – Tupou VI, King of Tonga
  • 1938 – Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
  • 1942 – Roy Palmer, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1980 – Kristen Connolly, American actress
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1976 – Anna Friel, English actress
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American actor, director, and screenwriter d. 1962
  • 1971 – Joel Casamayor, Cuban American former professional boxer
  • 1857 – George E. Ohr, American potter d. 1918
  • 1927 – Jack Harshman, American baseball player d. 2013
  • 1965 – Sanjay Manjrekar, Indian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1958 – J. D. Hayworth, American politician and radio host
  • 1951 – Brian Grazer, American screenwriter and producer, founded Imagine Entertainment
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer and songwriter d. 1991
  • 1931 – Eric Ives, English historian and academic d. 2012
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American businessman, founded Eastman Kodak d. 1933
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1981 – Adrienne Camp, South African singer-songwriter
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American sprinter
  • 1986 – 360, Australian rapper
  • 1970 – Aure Atika, Portuguese-French actress, director, and screenwriter
  • 1904 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1973
  • 1957 – Rick Husband, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut d. 2003
  • 1918 – Rusty Dedrick, American swing and bebop jazz trumpeter d. 2009
  • 1928 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer d. 2013
  • 1911 – Evald Mikson, Estonian footballer d. 1993
  • 1958 – Tonya Lee Williams, English-Canadian actress and producer
  • 1821 – D. H. Hill, American general and academic d. 1889
  • 1927 – Harley Hotchkiss, Canadian businessman d. 2011
  • 1892 – Bruno Schulz, Ukrainian-Polish author and painter d. 1942
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist and composer d. 2013
  • 1878 – Peeter Põld, Estonian scientist and politician, 1st Estonian Minister of Education d. 1930
  • 1952 – Voja Antonic, Serbian computer scientist and journalist, designed the Galaksija computer
  • 1991 – Salih Dursun, Turkish footballer
  • 1915 – Emanuel Papper, American anesthesiologist, professor, and author d. 2002
  • 1943 – Christine McVie, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist d. 2009
  • 1951 – Joan Bauer, American author
  • 1937 – Mickey Edwards, American lawyer and politician
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1938 – Eiko Ishioka, Japanese art director and graphic designer d. 2012
  • 1918 – Mary Glen-Haig, English fencer d. 2014
  • 1944 – Pat Woodell, American actress and singer d. 2015
  • 1968 – Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
  • 1817 – Alvin Saunders, Territorial Governor and Senator from Nebraska d. 1899
  • 1879 – Han Yong-un, Korean poet d. 1944
  • 1977 – Francesca Lubiani, Italian tennis player
  • 1923 – James E. Gunn, American science fiction author
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and songwriter d. 1960
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian and actor d. 2002
  • 1991 – James Rodriguez, Colombian footballer
  • 1939 – Phillip Adams, Australian journalist and producer
  • 1876 – Alphaeus Philemon Cole, American artist, engraver and etcher d. 1988
  • 1966 – Taiji, Japanese bass player and songwriter d. 2011
  • 1920 – Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and author d. 2004
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish-American actor and director d. 1956
  • 1969 – Chantal Jouanno, French politician, French Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress d. 2000
  • 1942 – Billy Smith, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1954 – Eric Adams, American singer-songwriter
  • 1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor d. 1920
  • 1908 – Paul Runyan, American golfer and sportscaster d. 2002
  • 1979 – Maya Kobayashi, Japanese journalist
  • 1994 – Kanako Momota, Japanese singer-songwriter
  • 1988 – Inbee Park, South Korean golfer
  • 1930 – Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Robert McFarlane, American colonel and diplomat, 13th United States National Security Advisor
  • 1967 – John Petrucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Jesse Pintado, Mexican-American guitarist d. 2006
  • 1973 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
  • 1949 – Rick Hendrick, American businessman, founded Hendrick Motorsports
  • 1984 – Jonathan Lewis, American football player
  • 1902 – Gunther Anders, German philosopher and journalist d. 1992
  • 1971 – Andriy Kovalenco, Ukrainian-Spanish rugby player
  • 1986 – JP Pietersen, South African rugby player
  • 1985 – Keven Lacombe, Canadian cyclist
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American essayist, poet, and philosopher d. 1862
  • 1942 – Steve Young, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2016
  • 1907 – Weary Dunlop, Australian colonel and surgeon d. 1993
  • 1997 – Daniel Lawrence, English cricketer
  • 1899 – E.D. Nixon, American civil rights leader d. 1987
  • 1925 – Roger Smith, American businessman d. 2007
  • 1902 – Tony Lovink, Dutch politician; Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies d. 1995
  • 1807 – Thomas Hawksley, English engineer and academic d. 1893
  • 1947 – Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1990 – Rachel Brosnahan, American actress
  • 1951 – Piotr Pustelnik, Polish mountaineer
  • 1969 – Anne-Sophie Pic, French chef
  • 1920 – Bob Fillion, Canadian ice hockey player and manager d. 2015
  • 1984 – Natalie Martinez, American actress
  • 1996 – Moussa Dembele, French footballer
  • 1974 – Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer-songwriter
  • 1986 – Simone Laudehr, German footballer
  • 1985 – Ismael Londt, Surinamese-Dutch kickboxer
  • 1936 – Jan Nemec, Czech director and screenwriter d. 2016
  • 1985 – Paulo Vitor Barreto, Brazilian footballer
  • 1965 – Robin Wilson, American singer and guitarist
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2008
  • 1966 – Annabel Croft, English tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1908 – Alain Cuny, French actor d. 1994
  • 1477 – Jacopo Sadoleto, Italian cardinal d. 1547
  • 1932 – Monte Hellman, American director and producer
  • 1967 – Bruny Surin, Canadian sprinter
  • 1948 – Walter Egan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1933 – Victor Poor, American engineer, developed the Datapoint 2200 d. 2012
  • 1909 – Herbert Zim, American naturalist, author, and educator d. 1994
  • 1895 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect and engineer, designed the Montreal Biosphere d. 1983
  • 1950 – Gilles Meloche, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1920 – Randolph Quirk, Manx linguist and academic d. 2017
  • 1944 – Simon Blackburn, English philosopher and academic
  • 1962 – Julio Cesar Chavez, Mexican boxer
  • 1949 – Simon Fox, English drummer
  • 1937 – Guy Woolfenden, English composer and conductor d. 2016
  • 1955 – Jimmy LaFave, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2017
  • 1868 – Stefan George, German poet and translator d. 1933
  • 1628 – Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk d. 1684
  • 1952 – Irina Bokova, Bulgarian politician, Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1935 – Satoshi Ōmura, Japanese biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1675 – Evaristo Felice DallAbaco, Italian violinist and composer d. 1742
  • 1962 – Joanna Shields, American-English businesswoman
  • 1954 – Robert Carl, American pianist and composer
  • 1918 – Doris Grumbach, American novelist, memoirist, biographer, literary critic, and essayist
  • 1863 – Paul Drude, German physicist and academic d. 1906
  • 1952 – Philip Taylor Kramer, American bass player d. 1995
  • 1985 – Gianluca Curci, Italian footballer
  • 1992 – Bartosz Bereszynski, Polish footballer
  • 1863 – Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist, and immunologist d. 1933
  • 1947 – Wilko Johnson, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1937 – Lionel Jospin, French civil servant and politician, 165th Prime Minister of France
  • 1959 – Charlie Murphy, American actor and comedian d. 2017
  • 1962 – Luc De Vos, Belgian singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2014
  • 1916 – Lyudmila Pavlichenko, Ukrainian-Russian soldier and sniper d. 1974
  • 1927 – Françoys Bernier, Canadian pianist, conductor, and educator d. 1993
  • 1956 – Mel Harris, American actress
  • 1984 – Gareth Gates, English singer-songwriter
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer and actor
  • 1394 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shōgun d. 1441
  • 1961 – Heikko Glode, German footballer and manager
  • 1975 – Phil Lord, American filmmaker
  • 1942 – Swamp Dogg, American R&B singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1917 – Satyendra Narayan Sinha, Indian statesman d. 2006
  • 1977 – Steve Howey, American actor
  • 100 BC – Julius Caesar, Roman politician and general d. 44 BC
  • 1981 – Pradeepan Raveendran, Sri Lankan director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1803 – Peter Chanel, French priest and saint d. 1841
  • 1990 – Chasen Shreve, American baseball player
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1876 – Max Jacob, French poet, painter, and critic d. 1944
  • 1996 – Jordan Romero, American mountaineer
  • 1468 – Juan del Encina, Spanish poet, playwright, and composer probable; d. 1530
  • 1828 – Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher and critic d. 1889
  • 1943 – Paul Silas, American basketball player and coach
  • 1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German engineer, designed Fernsehturm Stuttgart d. 1999
  • 1954 – Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer and coach
  • 1917 – Luigi Gorrini, Italian soldier and pilot d. 2014
  • 1918 – Vivian Mason, American actress d. 2009
  • 1956 – Sandi Patty, American singer and pianist
  • 1951 – Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1920 – Paul Gonsalves, American saxophonist d. 1974
  • 1972 – Jake Wood, English actor
  • 1993 – Kurt Capewell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1974 – Gregory Shane Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1997 – Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani-English activist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1870 – Louis II, Prince of Monaco d. 1949
  • 1849 – William Osler, Canadian physician and author d. 1919
  • 1995 – Jordyn Wieber, American gymnast
  • 1852 – Hipolito Yrigoyen, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 19th President of Argentina d. 1933
  • 1915 – Princess Catherine Ivanovna of Russia, d. 2007
  • 1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter d. 2008
  • 1976 – Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1947 – Richard C. McCarty, American psychologist and academic
  • 1972 – Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Michael McGovern, Irish footballer
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, American soldier and politician, 29th Governor of Oregon d. 2011
  • 1813 – Claude Bernard, French physiologist and academic d. 1878
  • 1959 – Karl J. Friston, English psychiatrist and neuroscientist
  • 1824 – Eugene Boudin, French painter d. 1898
  • 1925 – Albert Lance, Australian-French tenor d. 2013
  • 1982 – Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
  • 1967 – Mac McCaughan, American singer and guitarist
  • 1959 – David Brown, Australian meteorologist
  • 1976 – Tracie Spencer, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1977 – Neil Harris, English footballer and manager
  • 1995 – Luke Shaw, English footballer
  • 1931 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer d. 2013
  • 1956 – Mario Soto, Dominican baseball player
  • 1966 – Jeff Bucknum, American race car driver
  • 1964 – Gaby Roslin, English television host and actress
  • 1957 – Dave Semenko, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster d. 2017
  • 1927 – Conte Candoli, American trumpet player d. 2001
  • 1939 – Arlen Ness, American motorcycle designer and entrepreneur
  • 1979 – Brooke Baldwin, American journalist and television news anchor
  • 1928 – Alastair Burnet, English journalist d. 2012
  • 1941 – Benny Parsons, American race car driver and sportscaster d. 2007
  • 1930 – Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali, wife of the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad
  • 1948 – Ben Burtt, American director, screenwriter, and sound designer
  • 1967 – Richard Herring, English comedian and screenwriter
  • 1986 – Hannaliis Jaadla, Estonian footballer
  • 1955 – Timothy Garton Ash, English historian and author
  • 1969 – Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1984 – Sami Zayn, Canadian professional wrestler
  • 1879 – Margherita Piazzola Beloch, Italian mathematician d. 1976
  • 1962 – Dean Wilkins, English footballer and manager
  • 1990 – Bebe, Portuguese footballer
  • 1914 – Mohammad Moin, Iranian linguist and lexicographer d. 1971
  • 1934 – Thomas Charlton, American competition rower and Olympic champion
  • 1961 – Shiva Rajkumar, Indian actor, singer, and producer
  • 1989 – Nick Palmieri, American ice hockey player
  • 1924 – Faidon Matthaiou, Greek basketball player and coach d. 2011
  • 1986 – Didier Digard, French footballer
  • 1969 – Alan Mullally, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1909 – Motoichi Kumagai, Japanese photographer and illustrator d. 2010
  • 1855 – Ned Hanlan, Canadian rower, academic, and businessman d. 1908
  • 1971 – Loni Love, American comedian, actress, and talk show host
  • 1549 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland d. 1587
  • 1895 – Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano d. 1962
  • 1944 – Delia Ephron, American author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter, founded the Wedgwood Company d. 1795
  • 1884 – Louis B. Mayer, Russian-born American film producer, co-founded Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer d. 1957
  • 1712 – Sir Francis Bernard, 1st Baronet, Colonial governor of New Jersey and Massachusetts Bay d. 1779
  • 1970 – Lee Byung-hun, South Korean actor, singer, and dancer
  • 1909 – Joe DeRita, American actor d. 1993
  • 1974 – Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer and manager
  • 1932 – Rene Goulet, Canadian retired professional wrestler
  • 1850 – Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist and academic d. 1912
  • 1951 – Jamey Sheridan, American actor
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1990 – João Saldanha, Brazilian footballer, manager, and journalist b. 1917
  • 1946 – Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist and author b. 1870
  • 2012 – Else Holmelund Minarik, Danish-American author and illustrator b. 1920
  • 2012 – Dara Singh, Indian wrestler, actor, and politician b. 1928
  • 965 – Meng Chang, emperor of Later Shu b. 919
  • 1966 – D. T. Suzuki, Japanese philosopher and author b. 1870
  • 2016 – Goran Hadzic, Serbian politician b. 1958
  • 1682 – Jean Picard, French priest and astronomer b. 1620
  • 1998 – Serge Lemoyne, Canadian painter b. 1941
  • 1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and businessman, invented the outboard motor b. 1877
  • 1910 – Charles Rolls, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited b. 1887
  • 2010 – Paulo Moura, Brazilian clarinetist and saxophonist b. 1932
  • 1855 – Pavel Nakhimov, Russian admiral b. 1802
  • 2012 – Hamid Samandarian, Iranian director and playwright b. 1931
  • 2012 – Alimuddin, Pakistani cricketer b. 1930
  • 1961 – Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author and playwright b. 1879
  • 1944 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general and politician, Governor of Puerto Rico b. 1887
  • 783 – Bertrada of Laon, Frankish queen b. 720
  • 2007 – Robert Burås, Norwegian singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1975
  • 2013 – Amar Bose, American businessman, founded the Bose Corporation b. 1929
  • 1975 – James Ormsbee Chapin, American painter and illustrator b. 1887
  • 1965 – Christfried Burmeister, Estonian speed skater b. 1898
  • 1973 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor b. 1906
  • 1693 – John Ashby, English admiral b. 1640
  • 1441 – Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shōgun b. 1394
  • 2005 – John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, English businessman b. 1917
  • 1993 – Dan Eldon, English photographer and journalist b. 1970
  • 1997 – François Furet, French historian and author b. 1927
  • 1969 – Henry George Lamond, Australian farmer and author b. 1885
  • 1950 – Elsie de Wolfe, American actress, author, and interior decorator b. 1865
  • 2014 – Alfred de Grazia, American political scientist and author b. 1919
  • 2014 – Emil Bobu, Romanian politician b. 1927
  • 1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American singer-songwriter and banjo player b. 1907
  • 1971 – Yvon Robert, Canadian wrestler b. 1914
  • 2015 – Chenjerai Hove, Zimbabwean journalist, author, and poet b. 1956
  • 1441 – Kyōgoku Takakazu, Japanese nobleman
  • 1584 – Steven Borough, English navigator and explorer b. 1525
  • 1979 – Minnie Riperton, American singer-songwriter b. 1947
  • 1536 – Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch priest and philosopher b. 1466
  • 2012 – Eddy Brown, English footballer and manager b. 1926
  • 1956 – John Hayes, Australian politician, 25th Premier of Tasmania b. 1868
  • 2013 – Alan Whicker, Egyptian-English journalist b. 1925
  • 1742 – Evaristo Felice DallAbaco, Italian violinist and composer b. 1675
  • 1929 – Robert Henri, American painter and educator b. 1865
  • 1850 – Robert Stevenson, Scottish engineer b. 1772
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, American general, economist, and politician, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury b. 1755
  • 2015 – Tenzin Delek Rinpoche, Tibetan monk and activist b. 1950
  • 2015 – Cheng Siwei, Chinese engineer, economist, and politician b. 1935
  • 1067 – John Komnenos, Byzantine general
  • 2008 – Tony Snow, American journalist, 26th White House Press Secretary b. 1955
  • 2013 – Elaine Morgan, Welsh writer b. 1920
  • 1983 – Chris Wood, English saxophonist b. 1944
  • 2010 – James P. Hogan, English-American author b. 1941
  • 1999 – Rajendra Kumar, Bollywood actor, b. 1921
  • 1489 – Bahlul Lodi, sultan of Delhi
  • 2007 – Stan Zemanek, Australian radio and television host b. 1947
  • 2010 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer b. 1922
  • 1773 – Johann Joachim Quantz, German flute player and composer b. 1697
  • 524 – Viventiolus, archbishop of Lyon b. 460
  • 1845 – Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian linguist, poet, and playwright b. 1808
  • 1870 – John A. Dahlgren, American admiral b. 1809
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American journalist b. 1927
  • 981 – Xue Juzheng, Chinese scholar-official and historian
  • 1712 – Richard Cromwell, English academic and politician b. 1626
  • 1992 – Caroline Pafford Miller, American journalist and author b. 1903
  • 1931 – Nathan Soderblom, Swedish archbishop, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1866
  • 2000 – Charles Merritt, Canadian colonel and politician, Victoria Cross recipient b. 1908
  • 1998 – Arkady Ostashev, Soviet/Russian scientist and engineer b. 1925
  • 2012 – George C. Stoney, American director and producer b. 1916
  • 1926 – Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist and spy b. 1868
  • 1926 – Charles Wood Irish composer b. 1866
  • 2008 – Bobby Murcer, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster b. 1946
  • 1892 – Alexander Cartwright, American firefighter, invented baseball b. 1820
  • 1949 – Douglas Hyde, Irish scholar and politician, 1st President of Ireland b. 1860
  • 2001 – Fred Marcellino, American author and illustrator b. 1939
  • 2010 – Harvey Pekar, American author and critic b. 1939
  • 1945 – Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal b. 1895
  • 2015 – DArmy Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and actor b. 1941
  • 2018 – Dada J. P. Vaswani, Indian spiritual leader b. 1918
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American trumpet player, saxophonist, and composer b. 1907
  • 1691 – Marquis de St Ruth, French general
  • 2010 – Pius Njawe, Cameroonian journalist b. 1957
  • 2004 – Betty Oliphant, English-Canadian ballerina, co-founded the National Ballet School of Canada b. 1918
  • 2014 – Nestor Basterretxea, Spanish painter and sculptor b. 1924
  • 1664 – Stefano della Bella, Italian illustrator and engraver b. 1610
  • 2014 – Valeriya Novodvorskaya, Russian journalist and politician b. 1950
  • 2003 – Mark Lovell, English race car driver b. 1960
  • 1945 – Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician and engineer b. 1871
  • 2012 – Roger Payne, English mountaineer b. 1956
  • 2011 – Sherwood Schwartz, American screenwriter and producer b. 1916
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American composer and bandleader b. 1907
  • 1623 – William Bourchier, 3rd Earl of Bath b. 1557
  • 1947 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader b. 1902
  • 1994 – Eila Campbell, English geographer and cartographer b. 1915
  • 2013 – Takako Takahashi, Japanese author b. 1932
  • 2014 – Jamil Ahmad, Pakistani author b. 1931
  • 1982 – Kenneth More, English actor b. 1914
  • 2014 – Kenneth J. Gray, American soldier and politician b. 1924
  • 1749 – Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, French navy officer and politician, Governor General of New France b. 1671
  • 1935 – Alfred Dreyfus, French colonel b. 1859
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Jason of Thessalonica Catholic Church
  • Nabor and Felix
  • John Gualbert
  • Birthday of the Heir to the Crown of Tonga
  • Veronica
  • Hermagoras and Fortunatus
  • Christian feast day
  • Nathan Soderblom Lutheran, Episcopal Church USA)
  • Viventiolus
  • Louis Martin and Marie-Azelie Guerin
  • July 12 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Feast of Saints Peter and Paul Eastern Orthodox
  • The second day of Naadam Mongolia
  • The Twelfth, also known as Orangemens Day
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Kiribati from the United Kingdom in 1979.
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of São Tome and Principe from Portugal in 1975.

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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