Топ-100 ⓘ July 24. 1977 – End of a four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War.
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ⓘ July 24. 1977 – End of a four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War. 1983 – George Brett batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winn ..



July 24
                                     

ⓘ July 24

  • 1977 – End of a four-day-long Libyan–Egyptian War.
  • 1983 – George Brett batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winning home run nullified in the "Pine Tar Incident".
  • 1487 – Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, strike against a ban on foreign beer.
  • 1923 – The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in World War I.
  • 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1901 – O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio, after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
  • 1132 – Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1915 – The passenger ship SS Eastland capsizes while tied to a dock in the Chicago River. A total of 844 passengers and crew are killed in the largest loss of life disaster from a single shipwreck on the Great Lakes.
  • 1998 – Russell Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire killing two police officers. He is later ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.
  • 1987 – US supertanker SS Bridgeton collides with mines laid by IRGC causing a 43-square-meter dent in the body of the oil tanker.
  • 1983 – The Black July anti-Tamil riots begin in Sri Lanka, killing between 400 and 3.000. Black July is generally regarded as the beginning of the Sri Lankan Civil War.
  • 1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots, is forced to abdicate and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI.
  • 1937 – Alabama drops rape charges against the "Scottsboro Boys".
  • 1783 – The Kingdom of Georgia and the Russian Empire sign the Treaty of Georgievsk.
  • 1980 – The Quietly Confident Quartet of Australia wins the mens 4 x 100 metre medley relay at the Moscow Olympics, the only time the United States has not won the event at Olympic level.
  • 1910 – The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Shkoder, putting down the Albanian Revolt of 1910.
  • 1924 – Themistoklis Sofoulis becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1411 – Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
  • 1963 – The ship Bluenose II was launched in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. The schooner is a major Canadian symbol.
  • 1534 – French explorer Jacques Cartier plants a cross on the Gaspe Peninsula and takes possession of the territory in the name of Francis I of France.
  • 2014 – Air Algerie Flight 5017 loses contact with air traffic controllers 50 minutes after takeoff. It was travelling between Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso and Algiers. The wreckage is later found in Mali. All 116 people onboard are killed.
  • 1847 – After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown: Confederate General Jubal Early defeats Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep them out of the Shenandoah Valley.
  • 1911 – Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu, "the Lost City of the Incas".
  • 1823 – In Maracaibo, Venezuela, the naval Battle of Lake Maracaibo takes place, where Admiral Jose Prudencio Padilla defeats the Spanish Navy, thus culminating the independence for the Gran Colombia.
  • 1922 – The draft of the British Mandate of Palestine was formally confirmed by the Council of the League of Nations; it came into effect on 26 September 1923.
  • 1823 – Afro-Chileans are emancipated.
  • 1982 – Heavy rain causes a mudslide that destroys a bridge at Nagasaki, Japan, killing 299.
  • 1974 – Watergate scandal: The United States Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
  • 1148 – Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
  • 1847 – Richard March Hoe, American inventor, patented the rotary-type printing press.
  • 1304 – Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle: King Edward I of England takes the stronghold using the War Wolf.
  • 1935 – The Dust Bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures to 109 °F 43 °C in Chicago and 104 °F 40 °C in Milwaukee.
  • 1959 – At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev have a "Kitchen Debate".
  • 2001 – Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
  • 1987 – Hulda Crooks, at 91 years of age, climbed Mt. Fuji. Crooks became the oldest person to climb Japans highest peak.
  • 1950 – Cape Canaveral Air Force Station begins operations with the launch of a Bumper rocket.
  • 1967 – During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100.000 in Montreal: Vive le Quebec libre! "Long live free Quebec!"; the statement angered the Canadian government and many Anglophone Canadians.
  • 2013 – A high-speed train derails in Spain rounding a curve with an 80 km/h 50 mph speed limit at 190 km/h 120 mph, killing 78 passengers.
  • 1929 – The Kellogg–Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, goes into effect it is first signed in Paris on August 27, 1928, by most leading world powers.
  • 1866 – Reconstruction: Tennessee becomes the first U.S. state to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
  • 1966 – Michael Pelkey makes the first BASE jump from El Capitan along with Brian Schubert. Both came out with broken bones. BASE jumping has now been banned from El Cap.
  • 1943 – World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night, and American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9.000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30.000 people and destroyed 280.000 buildings.
  • 1927 – The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
  • 2001 – The Bandaranaike Airport attack is carried out by 14 Tamil Tiger commandos. Eleven civilian and military aircraft are destroyed and 15 are damaged. All 14 commandos are shot dead, while seven soldiers from the Sri Lanka Air Force are killed. In addition, three civilians and an engineer die. This incident slowed down the Sri Lankan economy.
  • 1701 – Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds the trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward the Niagara River to halt Jacob Browns American invaders.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1895 – Robert Graves, English poet, novelist, critic d. 1985
  • 1963 – Louis Armary, French rugby player
  • 1982 – Mewelde Moore, American football player
  • 1953 – Tadashi Kawamata, Japanese contemporary artist
  • 1886 – Junichirō Tanizaki, Japanese author d. 1965
  • 1917 – Robert Farnon, Canadian trumpet player, composer, and conductor d. 2005
  • 1985 – Eric Wright, American football player
  • 1939 – David Simon, Baron Simon of Highbury, English businessman and politician
  • 1973 – Russell Bawden, Australian rugby league player
  • 1936 – Ruth Buzzi, American actress and comedian
  • 1994 – Alejandra Alvarez, Ecuadorian tennis player
  • 1919 – John Winkin, American baseball player, coach, and journalist d. 2014
  • 1953 – James Newcome, English bishop
  • 1860 – Princess Charlotte of Prussia d. 1919
  • 1969 – Rick Fox, Bahamian basketball player
  • 1904 – Delmer Daves, American screenwriter, director and producer d. 1977
  • 1964 – Barry Bonds, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Michael Poppmeier, South African-German rugby player
  • 1933 – Doug Sanders, American golfer
  • 1944 – Jim Armstrong, Northern Irish guitarist
  • 1932 – Gustav Andreas Tammann, German astronomer and academic
  • 1945 – Anthony Watts, English geologist, geophysicist, and academic
  • 1917 – Jack Moroney, Australian cricketer d. 1999
  • 1909 – John William Finn, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient d. 2010
  • 1916 – John D. MacDonald, American colonel and author d. 1986
  • 1953 – Julian Brazier, English captain and politician
  • 1924 – Aris Poulianos, Greek anthropologist and archaeologist
  • 1968 – Malcolm Ingram, Canadian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Chris Sarandon, American actor
  • 1952 – Gus Van Sant, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – Doug Liman, American director and producer
  • 1981 – Doug Bollinger, Australian cricketer
  • 1937 – Manoj Kumar, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1938 – John Sparling, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1947 – Zaheer Abbas, Pakistani cricketer and manager
  • 1783 – Simon Bolivar, Venezuelan commander and politician, 2nd President of Venezuela d. 1830
  • 1725 – John Newton, English sailor and priest d. 1807
  • 1964 – Urmas Kaljend, Estonian footballer
  • 1946 – Friedhelm Haebermann, German footballer and manager
  • 1794 – Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish mineralogist and geologist d. 1865
  • 1937 – Quinlan Terry, English architect, designed the Brentwood Cathedral
  • 1954 – Jorge Jesus, Portuguese footballer and manager
  • 1904 – Richard B. Morris, American historian and academic d. 1989
  • 1965 – Kadeem Hardison, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1904 – Leo Arnaud, French-American trombonist, composer, and conductor d. 1991
  • 1851 – Friedrich Schottky, Polish-German mathematician and theorist d. 1935
  • 1913 – Britton Chance, American biologist and sailor d. 2010
  • 1935 – Les Reed, English pianist, composer, and conductor d. 2019
  • 1899 – Chief Dan George, Canadian actor d. 1981
  • 1988 – Nichkhun, Thai-American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1924 – Wilfred Josephs, English composer d. 1997
  • 1987 – Zack Sabre Jr., English wrestler
  • 1994 – Phillip Lindsay, American football player
  • 1786 – Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer d. 1843
  • 1989 – Kim Tae-hwan, South Korean footballer
  • 1968 – Colleen Doran, American author and illustrator
  • 1931 – Eric Tabarly, French commander d. 1998
  • 1982 – Thiago Medeiros, Brazilian race car driver
  • 1955 – Brad Watson, American author and academic
  • 1990 – Travis Mahoney, Australian swimmer
  • 1938 – Alexis Jacquemin, Belgian economist and academic d. 2004
  • 1884 – Maria Caserini, Italian actress d. 1969
  • 1979 – Valerio Scassellati, Italian race car driver
  • 1945 – Hugh Ross, Canadian-American astrophysicist and astronomer
  • 1991 – Manuel Fischnaller, Italian footballer
  • 1914 – Alan Waddell, Australian walker d. 2008
  • 1864 – Frank Wedekind, German actor and playwright d. 1918
  • 1946 – Gallagher, American comedian and actor
  • 1920 – Constance Dowling, American model and actress d. 1969
  • 1973 – Ana Cristina Oliveira, Portuguese model and actress
  • 1962 – Johnny OConnell, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Pat Oliphant, Australian cartoonist
  • 1689 – Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne of Great Britain and Prince George of Denmark d. 1700
  • 1990 – Daveigh Chase, American actress
  • 1995 – Valentine Holmes, Australian rugby league player
  • 1889 – Agnes Meyer Driscoll, American cryptanalyst d. 1971
  • 1961 – Kerry Dixon, English footballer and manager
  • 1972 – Kaiō Hiroyuki, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1529 – Charles II, Margrave of Baden-Durlach d. 1577
  • 1975 – Tracey Crouch, English politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics
  • 1975 – Eric Szmanda, American actor
  • 1935 – Derek Varnals, South African cricketer
  • 1982 – Trevor Matthews, Canadian actor and producer, founded Brookstreet Pictures
  • 1992 – Mikael Kingsbury, Canadian skier
  • 1857 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish journalist and author, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1943
  • 1919 – Kenneth S. Kleinknecht, NASA manager d. 2007
  • 1888 – Arthur Richardson, Australian cricketer and coach d. 1973
  • 1561 – Maria of the Palatinate-Simmern d. 1589
  • 1803 – Alexander J. Davis, American architect d. 1892
  • 1660 – Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician, Lord High Treasurer d. 1718
  • 1964 – John Rosengren, American journalist and author
  • 1985 – Patrice Bergeron, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1935 – Aaron Elkins, American author and academic
  • 1982 – Elisabeth Moss, American actress
  • 1951 – Lynda Carter, American actress
  • 1874 – Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and author d. 1917
  • 1860 – Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter and illustrator d. 1939
  • 1934 – P. S. Soosaithasan, Sri Lankan accountant and politician
  • 1897 – Amelia Earhart, American pilot and author d. 1937
  • 1991 – Emily Bett Rickards, Canadian actress
  • 1910 – Harry Horner, American director and production designer d. 1994
  • 1969 – Jennifer Lopez, American actress, singer, and dancer
  • 1983 – Asami Mizukawa, Japanese actress
  • 1989 – Maurkice Pouncey, American football player
  • 1978 – Andy Irons, American surfer d. 2010
  • 1940 – Dan Hedaya, American actor
  • 1914 – Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian pharmacologist and physician d. 2015
  • 1946 – Herve Vilard, French singer-songwriter
  • 1979 – Jerrod Niemann, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1921 – Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian tenor and actor d. 2008
  • 1986 – Natalie Tran, Australian actress, online producer
  • 1979 – Mark Andrew Smith, American author
  • 1952 – Ian Cairns, Australian surfer
  • 1980 – Joel Stroetzel, American guitarist
  • 1981 – Mark Robinson, English footballer
  • 1984 – Tyler Kyte, Canadian singer and drummer
  • 1574 – Thomas Platter the Younger, Swiss physician and author d. 1628
  • 1954 – Erdoğan Arıca, Turkish footballer and manager d. 2012
  • 1968 – Kristin Chenoweth, American actress and singer
  • 1979 – Rose Byrne, Australian actress
  • 1963 – Karl Malone, American basketball player and coach
  • 1936 – Mark Goddard, American actor
  • 1973 – Amanda Stretton, English race car driver and journalist
  • 1953 – Claire McCaskill, American lawyer and politician
  • 1950 – Jadranka Stojakovic, Yugoslav singer-songwriter d. 2016
  • 1941 – John Bond, English banker and businessman
  • 1995 – Kyle Kuzma, American basketball player
  • 1958 – Jim Leighton, Scottish footballer and coach
  • 1971 – Dino Baggio, Italian footballer
  • 1802 – Alexandre Dumas, French novelist and playwright d. 1870
  • 1979 – Anne-Gaelle Sidot, French tennis player
  • 1985 – Aries Merritt, American hurdler
  • 1995 – Meisei Chikara, Japanese sumo wrestler
  • 1957 – Pam Tillis, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1803 – Adolphe Adam, French composer and critic d. 1856
  • 1979 – Ryan Speier, American baseball player
  • 1945 – Frank Close, English physicist and academic
  • 1757 – Vladimir Borovikovsky, Ukrainian-Russian painter d. 1825
  • 1964 – Pedro Passos Coelho, Portuguese economist and politician, 118th Prime Minister of Portugal
  • 1988 – Ricky Petterd, Australian footballer
  • 1939 – Walt Bellamy, American basketball player and coach d. 2013
  • 1930 – Keshubhai Patel, Indian politician, 10th Chief Minister of Gujarat
  • 1821 – William Poole, American boxer and gangster d. 1855
  • 1930 – Alfred Balk, American journalist and author d. 2010
  • 1956 – Charlie Crist, American lawyer and politician, 44th Governor of Florida
  • 1966 – Martin Keown, English footballer and coach
  • 1945 – Azim Premji, Indian businessman and philanthropist
  • 1968 – Laura Leighton, American actress
  • 1922 – Madeleine Ferron, Canadian radio host and author d. 2010
  • 1984 – Patrick Harvey, Australian actor
  • 1867 – Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran journalist and poet d. 1908
  • 1915 – Enrique Fernando, Filipino lawyer and jurist, 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines d. 2004
  • 1877 – Calogero Vizzini, Italian mob boss d. 1954
  • 1966 – Aminatou Haidar, Sahrawi human rights activist
  • 1976 – Tiago Monteiro, Portuguese race car driver and manager
  • 1965 – Andrew Gaze, Australian basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1935 – Mel Ramos, American painter, illustrator, and academic
  • 1927 – Alex Katz, American painter and sculptor
  • 1982 – Anna Paquin, Canadian-New Zealand actress
  • 1468 – Catherine of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria d. 1524
  • 1900 – Zelda Fitzgerald, American author and poet d. 1948
  • 1912 – Essie Summers, New Zealand author d. 1998
  • 1975 – Jamie Langenbrunner, American ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Catherine Destivelle, French rock climber and mountaineer
  • 1985 – Lukas Rosol, Czech tennis player
  • 1938 – Eugene J. Martin, American painter d. 2005
  • 1920 – Bella Abzug, American lawyer and politician d. 1998
  • 1927 – Zara Mints, Russian-Estonian philologist and academic d. 1990
  • 1975 – Torrie Wilson, American model, fitness competitor, actress and professional wrestler
  • 1914 – Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman and philanthropist d. 2007
  • 1867 – Fred Tate, English cricketer and coach d. 1943
  • 1981 – Summer Glau, American actress
  • 1878 – Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish author, poet, and playwright d. 1957
  • 1949 – Michael Richards, American actor and comedian
  • 1983 – Daniele De Rossi, Italian footballer
  • 1942 – Heinz, German-English singer-songwriter and bass player d. 2000
  • 1947 – Geoff McQueen, English screenwriter and producer d. 1994
  • 1971 – Patty Jenkins, American film director and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Rafer Alston, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Filipe Francisco dos Santos, Brazilian footballer
  • 1987 – Nathan Gerbe, American ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Andy Gomarsall, English rugby player
  • 1919 – Robert Marsden Hope, Australian lawyer and judge d. 1999
  • 1947 – Peter Serkin, American pianist and educator
  • 1931 – Ermanno Olmi, Italian director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  • 1953 – Jon Faddis, American trumpet player, composer, and conductor
  • 1921 – Billy Taylor, American pianist and composer d. 2010
  • 1880 – Ernest Bloch, Swiss-American composer and educator d. 1959
  • 1867 – E. F. Benson, English archaeologist and author d. 1940
  • 1951 – Chris Smith, Baron Smith of Finsbury, English politician, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
  • 1918 – Ruggiero Ricci, American violinist and educator d. 2012
  • 1242 – Christina von Stommeln, German Roman Catholic mystic, ecstatic, and stigmatic d. 1312
  • 1992 – Mitch Grassi, American singer and songwriter
  • 1857 – Juan Vicente Gomez, Venezuelan general and politician, 27th President of Venezuela d. 1935
  • 1997 – Emre Mor, Turkish football player
  • 1826 – Jan Gotlib Bloch, Polish theorist and activist d. 1902
  • 1966 – Mo-Do, Italian singer-songwriter d. 2013
  • 1942 – David Miner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1856 – Emile Picard, French mathematician and academic d. 1941
  • 1988 – Han Seung-yeon, South Korean singer and dancer
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1891 – Hermann Raster, German-American journalist and politician b. 1827
  • 2013 – Garry Davis, American pilot and activist, created the World Passport b. 1921
  • 1970 – Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman, philanthropist, and civil servant b. 1897
  • 2007 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist and author b. 1913
  • 1992 – Arletty, French actress and singer b. 1898
  • 2005 – Richard Doll, English physiologist and epidemiologist b. 1912
  • 2012 – Robert Ledley, American physiologist and physicist, invented the CT scanner b. 1926
  • 1965 – Constance Bennett, American actress and producer b. 1904
  • 1985 – Ezechiele Ramin, Italian missionary and martyr b. 1953
  • 1862 – Martin Van Buren, American lawyer and politician, 8th President of the United States b. 1782
  • 1969 – Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author and playwright b. 1904
  • 2012 – John Atta Mills, Ghanaian lawyer and politician, a President of Ghana b. 1944
  • 2015 – Ingrid Sischy, South African-American journalist and critic b. 1952
  • 2013 – Virginia E. Johnson, American psychologist and sexologist b. 1925
  • 1345 – Jacob van Artevelde, Flemish statesman b. 1290
  • 1986 – Qudrat Ullah Shahab, Pakistani civil servant and author b. 1917
  • 2012 – Chad Everett, American actor and director b. 1937
  • 2000 – Ahmad Shamloo, Iranian poet and journalist b. 1925
  • 2013 – Pius Langa, South African lawyer and jurist, 19th Chief Justice of South Africa b. 1939
  • 2015 – Peg Lynch, American actress and screenwriter b. 1916
  • 1768 – Nathaniel Lardner, English theologian and author b. 1684
  • 2014 – Ik-Hwan Bae, Korean-American violinist and educator b. 1956
  • 1986 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, German-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1899
  • 946 – Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid, Egyptian ruler b. 882
  • 1957 – Sacha Guitry, French actor and director b. 1885
  • 1927 – Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese author b. 1892
  • 1997 – William J. Brennan Jr., American colonel and jurist b. 1906
  • 2001 – Georges Dor, Canadian author, playwright, and composer b. 1931
  • 2012 – Themo Lobos, Chilean author and illustrator b. 1928
  • 1910 – Arkhip Kuindzhi, Ukrainian-Russian painter b. 1841
  • 2011 – Harald Johnsen, Norwegian bassist and composer b. 1970
  • 2013 – Fred Dretske, American philosopher and academic b. 1932
  • 1962 – Wilfrid Noyce, English mountaineer and author b. 1917
  • 1612 – John Salusbury, Welsh politician and poet b. 1567
  • 1995 – George Rodger, English photographer and journalist b. 1908
  • 2011 – Frank Dietrich, German politician b. 1966
  • 759 – Oswulf, king of Northumbria
  • 2012 – Gregorio Peces-Barba, Spanish jurist and politician b. 1938
  • 2011 – Skip Thomas, American football player b. 1950
  • 811 – Gao Ying, Chinese politician b. 740
  • 1997 – Saw Maung, Burmese general and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Burma b. 1928
  • 1994 – Helen Cordero, Cochiti Pueblo Native American Pueblo potter b. 1915
  • 2007 – Nicola Zaccaria, Greek opera singer b. 1923
  • 1568 – Carlos, Prince of Asturias b. 1545
  • 2011 – David Servan-Schreiber, French physician, neuroscientist, and author b. 1961
  • 2014 – Hans-Hermann Sprado, German journalist and author b. 1956
  • 1966 – Tony Lema, American golfer b. 1934
  • 1594 – John Boste, English martyr and saint b. 1544
  • 1992 – Sam Berger, Canadian lawyer and businessman b. 1900
  • 1996 – Alphonso Theodore Roberts, Vincentian cricketer and activist b. 1937
  • 1115 – Matilda of Tuscany b. 1046
  • 1991 – Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American novelist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1902
  • 1129 – Emperor Shirakawa of Japan b. 1053
  • 2012 – Sherman Hemsley, American actor and singer b. 1938
  • 2012 – Larry Hoppen, American singer and guitarist b. 1951
  • 2017 – Harshida Raval, Indian Gujarati playback singer
  • 1198 – Berthold of Hanover, Bishop of Livonia
  • 1908 – Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran journalist and poet b. 1867
  • 1601 – Joris Hoefnagel, Flemish painter b. 1542
  • 1739 – Benedetto Marcello, Italian composer and educator b. 1686
  • 2008 – Norman Dello Joio, American pianist and composer b. 1913
  • 2014 – Dale Schlueter, American basketball player b. 1945
  • 2011 – Dan Peek, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1950
  • 1974 – James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1891
  • 2016 – Marni Nixon, American actress and singer b. 1930
  • 1980 – Peter Sellers, English actor and comedian b. 1925
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Martyrs of Daimiel
  • Charbel Maronite Church/Catholic Church
  • Declan of Ardmore
  • John Boste
  • Christian feast day
  • Kinga or Cunegunda of Poland
  • Carnival of Awussu Tunisia
  • Christina of Bolsena
  • Sigolena of Albi
  • Childrens Day Vanuatu
  • Menefrida of Cornwall
  • Christina the Astonishing
  • July 24 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Police Day Poland
  • Simon Bolivar Day
  • Pioneer Day Utah
  • Navy Day Venezuela

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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