Топ-100 ⓘ July 9. 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eati
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ⓘ July 9. 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eating raw fruit and iced milk; he is succeeded in office by Vice President Millard Fillmore. 2002 – The ..



July 9
                                     

ⓘ July 9

  • 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eating raw fruit and iced milk; he is succeeded in office by Vice President Millard Fillmore.
  • 2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, replacing the Organisation of African Unity OAU. The organizations first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
  • 1755 – The Braddock Expedition is soundly defeated by a smaller French and Native American force in its attempt to capture Fort Duquesne in what is now downtown Pittsburgh.
  • 1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
  • 1900 – The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
  • 1958 – A 7.8 M w   strike-slip earthquake in Alaska causes a landslide that produces a megatsunami. The runup from the waves reached 525 m 1.722 ft on the rim of Lituya Bay; five people were killed.
  • 1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out to members of the Continental Army in Manhattan, while thousands of British troops on Staten Island prepare for the Battle of Long Island.
  • 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1807 – The Treaties of Tilsit are signed by Napoleon I of France and Alexander I of Russia.
  • 1896 – William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of Gold speech advocating bimetallism at the 1896 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
  • 1900 – The Federation of Australia is given royal assent.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Allied invasion of Sicily soon causes the downfall of Mussolini and forces Hitler to break off the Battle of Kursk.
  • 1944 – World War II: Continuation War: Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive.
  • 1401 – Timur attacks the Jalairid Sultanate and destroys Baghdad.
  • 1993 – The Parliament of Canada passes the Nunavut Act leading to the 1999 creation of Nunavut, dividing the Northwest Territories into arctic Inuit and sub-arctic Dene lands based on a plebiscite.
  • 551 – A major earthquake strikes Beirut, triggering a devastating tsunami that affected the coastal towns of Byzantine Phoenicia, causing thousands of deaths.
  • 869 – The 8.4–9.0 M w   Sanriku earthquake strikes the area around Sendai in northern Honshu, Japan. Inundation from the tsunami extended several kilometers inland.
  • 1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto calls for a reduction of the risk of nuclear warfare.
  • 1745 – French victory in the Battle of Melle allows them to capture Ghent in the days after.
  • 1850 – Persian prophet Bab is executed in Tabriz, Persia.
  • 455 – The military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 1956 – The 7.7 M w   Amorgos earthquake shakes the Cyclades island group in the Aegean Sea with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX Violent. The shaking and the destructive tsunami that followed left fifty-three people dead. A damaging M7.2 aftershock occurred minutes after the mainshock.
  • 1982 – Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana, killing all 145 people on board and eight others on the ground.
  • 1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
  • 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
  • 1962 – Starfish Prime tests the effects of a nuclear test at orbital altitudes.
  • 1877 – The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
  • 1944 – World War II: American forces take Saipan, bringing the Japanese archipelago within range of B-29 raids, and causing the downfall of the Tojo government.
  • 1821 – Four hundred and seventy prominent Cypriots including Archbishop Kyprianos are executed in response to Cypriot aid to the Greek War of Independence.
  • 1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution.
  • 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
  • 969 – The Fatimid general Jawhar leads the Friday prayer in Fustat in the name of Caliph al-Muizz li-Din Allah, thereby symbolically completing the Fatimid conquest of Egypt.
  • 1918 – In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express, killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
  • 1811 – Explorer David Thompson posts a sign near what is now Sacajawea State Park in Washington state, claiming the Columbia District for the United Kingdom.
  • 660 – Korean forces under general Kim Yu-sin of Silla defeat the army of Baekje in the Battle of Hwangsanbeol.
  • 1815 – Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord becomes the first Prime Minister of France.
  • 1609 – Bohemia is granted freedom of religion through the Letter of Majesty by the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II.
  • 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the minute barrier.
  • 1793 – The Act Against Slavery in Upper Canada bans the importation of slaves and will free those who are born into slavery after the passage of the Act at 25 years of age.
  • 1995 – The Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force killing 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
  • 1572 – Nineteen Catholics suffer martyrdom for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.
  • 2006 – One hundred and twenty-five people are killed when S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310 passenger jet, veers off the runway while landing in wet conditions at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia.
  • 1701 – A Bourbon force under Nicolas Catinat withdraws from a smaller Habsburg force under Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Battle of Carpi.
  • 1893 – Daniel Hale Williams, American heart surgeon, performs the first successful open-heart surgery in United States without anesthesia.
  • 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
  • 1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld outside their home in France in an unsuccessful assassination attempt.
  • 1937 – The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation are destroyed by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
  • 491 – Odoacer makes a night assault with his Heruli guardsmen, engaging Theoderic the Great in Ad Pinetam. Both sides suffer heavy losses, but in the end Theodoric forces Odoacer back into Ravenna.
  • 1875 – The Herzegovina Uprising against Ottoman rule begins, which would last until 1878 and have far-reaching implications throughout the Balkans.
  • 2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.
  • 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
  • 1762 – Catherine the Great becomes Empress of Russia following the coup against her husband, Peter III.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Siege of Port Hudson ends, giving the Union complete control of the Mississippi River.
  • 1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
  • 1790 – The Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian Baltic fleet.
  • 1386 – The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1987 – Gert Jõeaar, Estonian cyclist
  • 1950 – Adriano Panatta, Italian tennis player and sailor
  • 1956 – Michael Lederer, American author, poet, and playwright
  • 1984 – Chris Campoli, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1974 – Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1940 – Eugene Victor Wolfenstein, American psychoanalyst and theorist d. 2010
  • 1930 – Janice Lourie, American computer scientist and graphic artist
  • 1975 – Robert Koenig, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Gunnar Axen, Swedish politician
  • 1834 – Jan Neruda, Czech journalist and poet d. 1891
  • 1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
  • 1935 – Michael Williams, English actor d. 2001
  • 1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and colonel d. 1887
  • 1910 – Govan Mbeki, South African anti-apartheid and ANC leader and activist d. 2001
  • 1918 – Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn, Dutch mathematician and academic d. 2012
  • 1960 – Wally Fullerton Smith, Australian rugby league player
  • 1970 – Masami Tsuda, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor d. 1637
  • 1925 – Ronald I. Spiers, American ambassador
  • 1950 – Amal ibn Idris al-Alami, Moroccan physician and neurosurgeon
  • 1887 – Saturnino Herran, Mexican painter d. 1918
  • 1990 – Fabio, Brazilian footballer
  • 1958 – Jacob Joseph, Malaysian football coach
  • 1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
  • 1945 – Root Boy Slim, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 1993
  • 1965 – Jason Rhoades, American sculptor d. 2006
  • 1889 – Leo Dandurand, American-Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and referee d. 1964
  • 1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
  • 1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
  • 1930 – K. Balachander, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2014
  • 1936 – David Zinman, American violinist and conductor
  • 1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1930 – Elsa Lystad, Norwegian actress
  • 1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian cardinal d. 1913
  • 1985 – Pawel Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
  • 1947 – Patrick Wormald, English historian d. 2004
  • 1999 – Claire Corlett, American voice actress
  • 1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1929 – Hassan II of Morocco d. 1999
  • 1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian lawyer and politician, 15th Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1934 – Michael Graves, American architect, designed the Portland Building and the Humana Building d. 2015
  • 1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, singer, and director d. 1996
  • 1935 – Mercedes Sosa, Argentinian singer and activist d. 2009
  • 1926 – Murphy Anderson, American illustrator d. 2015
  • 1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, English lawyer and author
  • 1943 – John Casper, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1960 – Eduardo Montes-Bradley, Argentinian journalist, photographer, and author
  • 1975 – Craig Quinnell, Welsh rugby player
  • 1954 – Theophile Abega, Cameroonian footballer and politician d. 2012
  • 1926 – Mathilde Krim, Italian-American medical researcher and health educator d. 2018
  • 1867 – Georges Lecomte, French author and playwright d. 1958
  • 1952 – John Tesh, American pianist, composer, and radio and television host
  • 1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer d. 2008
  • 1914 – Willi Stoph, German engineer and politician, 4th Prime Minister of East Germany d. 1999
  • 1944 – Judith M. Brown, Indian-English historian and academic
  • 1947 – O. J. Simpson, American football player and actor
  • 1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1993 – Mitch Larkin, Australian swimmer
  • 1984 – Ave Pajo, Estonian footballer
  • 1966 – Marco Pennette, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1893 – George Geary, English cricketer and coach d. 1981
  • 1925 – Guru Dutt, Indian actor, director, and producer d. 1964
  • 1775 – Matthew Lewis, English author and playwright d. 1818
  • 1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, American captain and politician, 13th United States Secretary of Defense
  • 1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor
  • 1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan d. 1732
  • 1988 – Raul Rusescu, Romanian footballer
  • 1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolin player
  • 1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
  • 1955 – Steve Coppell, English footballer and manager
  • 1978 – Kara Goucher, American runner
  • 1922 – Angelines Fernandez, Spanish-Mexican actress d. 1994
  • 1858 – Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist d. 1942
  • 1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American wrestler
  • 1974 – Sian Berry, English environmentalist and politician
  • 1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and politician d. 2019
  • 1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Ukrainian engineer and politician, 4th President of Ukraine
  • 1936 – June Jordan, American poet and educator d. 2002
  • 1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish historian and author
  • 1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor, invented the sewing machine d. 1867
  • 1825 – A. C. Gibbs, American lawyer and politician, 2nd Governor of Oregon d. 1886
  • 1938 – Sanjeev Kumar, Indian film actor d. 1985
  • 1902 – Peter Acland, English soldier d. 1993
  • 1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician, Dutch Minister of Finance d. 2005
  • 1915 – David Diamond, American composer and educator d. 2005
  • 1689 – Alexis Piron, French epigrammatist and playwright d. 1773
  • 1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg d. 1571
  • 1946 – Bon Scott, Scottish-Australian singer-songwriter d. 1980
  • 1960 – Yūko Asano, Japanese actress and singer
  • 1979 – Gary Chaw, Malaysian Chinese singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – John Cunniff, American ice hockey player and coach d. 2002
  • 1907 – Eddie Dean, American singer-songwriter d. 1999
  • 1916 – Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer d. 1984
  • 1931 – Sylvia Bacon, American judge
  • 1908 – Allamah Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani philosopher and scholar d. 1973
  • 1925 – Charles E. Wicks, American engineer, author, and academic d. 2010
  • 1887 – Samuel Eliot Morison, American admiral and historian d. 1976
  • 1986 – Sebastien Bassong, Cameroonian footballer
  • 1951 – Māris Gailis, Latvian politician, businessman, and former Prime Minister of Latvia
  • 1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian footballer and coach
  • 1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian footballer and coach
  • 1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer and conductor d. 1936
  • 1974 – Ian Bradshaw, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
  • 1249 – Emperor Kameyama of Japan d. 1305
  • 1940 – David B. Frohnmayer, American lawyer and politician, 12th Oregon Attorney General d. 2015
  • 1967 – Yordan Letchkov, Bulgarian footballer
  • 1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, English admiral and politician, 34th Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland d. 1825
  • 1965 – Thomas Jahn, German director and screenwriter
  • 1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma d. 1907
  • 1958 – Abdul Latiff Ahmad, Malaysian politician
  • 1914 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer d. 2017
  • 1856 – John Verran, English-Australian politician, 26th Premier of South Australia d. 1932
  • 1955 – Lindsey Graham, American colonel, lawyer, and politician
  • 1957 – Tim Kring, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1954 – Kevin OLeary, Canadian journalist and businessman
  • 1990 – Earl Bamber, New Zealand race car driver
  • 1911 – Mervyn Peake, English author and illustrator d. 1968
  • 1957 – Marc Almond, English singer-songwriter
  • 1924 – Pierre Cochereau, French organist and composer d. 1984
  • 1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
  • 1966 – Zheng Cao, Chinese-American soprano and actress d. 2013
  • 1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1455 – Frederick IV of Baden, Dutch bishop d. 1517
  • 1978 – Nuno Santos, Portuguese footballer
  • 1981 – Lee Chun-soo, South Korean footballer
  • 1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race car driver
  • 1975 – Jack White, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1901 – Barbara Cartland, prolific English author d. 2000
  • 1972 – Ara Babajian, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1915 – Lee Embree, American sergeant and photographer d. 2008
  • 1929 – Chi Haotian, Chinese general
  • 1975 – Isaac Brock, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1916 – Edward Heath, English colonel and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 2005
  • 1945 – Dean Koontz, American author and screenwriter
  • 1937 – David Hockney, English painter and photographer
  • 1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor and producer
  • 1963 – Klaus Theiss, German footballer
  • 1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician, pathologist, and anatomist d. 1885
  • 1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
  • 1721 – Johann Nikolaus Gotz, German poet and author d. 1781
  • 1976 – Radike Samo, Fijian-Australian rugby player
  • 1984 – Jacob Hoggard, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Mac MacLeod, English musician
  • 1853 – William Turner Dannat, American painter d. 1929
  • 1976 – Fred Savage, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1926 – Pedro Dellacha, Argentine football defender and coach d. 2010
  • 1836 – Camille of Renesse-Breidbach d. 1904
  • 1908 – Minor White, American photographer, critic, and educator d. 1976
  • 1959 – Kevin Nash, American wrestler
  • 1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer and rugby player d. 2007
  • 1921 – David C. Jones, American general d. 2013
  • 1974 – Gary Kelly, Irish footballer
  • 1911 – John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist and author d. 2008
  • 1984 – LA Tenorio, Filipino basketball player
  • 1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
  • 1917 – Krystyna Danko, Polish orphan, survivor of Holocaust d. 2019
  • 1933 – Oliver Sacks, English-American neurologist, author, and academic d. 2015
  • 1887 – James Ormsbee Chapin, American-Canadian painter and illustrator d. 1975
  • 1930 – Buddy Bregman, American composer and conductor d. 2017
  • 1686 – Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician d. 1749
  • 1987 – Rebecca Sugar, American animator, composer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Thomas Cichon, Polish-German footballer and manager
  • 1969 – Nicklas Barker, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer, co-founded Netscape
  • 1970 – Trent Green, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Pamela Adlon, American actress and voice artist
  • 1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English-American soldier and politician, Colonial Governor of Virginia d. 1618
  • 1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, American soccer player and manager
  • 1993 – DeAndre Yedlin, American footballer
  • 1984 – Piia Suomalainen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-Danish physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1966 – Gary Glasberg, American television writer and producer d. 2016
  • 1986 – Simon Dumont, American skier
  • 1526 – Elizabeth of Austria, Polish noble d. 1545
  • 1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American singer-songwriter and producer d. 2007
  • 1931 – Haynes Johnson, American journalist and author d. 2013
  • 1967 – Mark Stoops, American football player and coach
  • 1949 – Raoul Cedras, Haitian military officer and politician
  • 1932 – Amitzur Shapira, Israeli sprinter and long jumper d. 1972
  • 1942 – David Chidgey, Baron Chidgey, English engineer and politician
  • 1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician and parasitologist d. 1934
  • 1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian ice hockey player and referee d. 1984
  • 1957 – Paul Merton, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Courtney Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1918 – Jarl Wahlstrom, Finnish 12th General of The Salvation Army d. 1999
  • 1965 – Frank Bello, American bass player
  • 1990 – Rafael, Brazilian footballer
  • 1909 – Basil Wolverton, American author and illustrator d. 1978
  • 1922 – Jim Pollard, American basketball player and coach d. 1993
  • 1764 – Ann Ward, English author and poet d. 1823
  • 1984 – Gianni Fabiano, Italian footballer
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 230 – Empress Dowager Bian, Cao Caos wife b. 159
  • 1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist and photographer b. 1842
  • 1977 – Alice Paul, American activist b. 1885
  • 1951 – Harry Heilmann, American baseball player and sportscaster b. 1894
  • 2019 – William E. Dannemeyer, American politician b. 1929
  • 1654 – Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans b. 1633
  • 1996 – Melvin Belli, American lawyer b. 1907
  • 1938 – Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist b. 1870
  • 2013 – Toshi Seeger, American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival b. 1922
  • 1993 – Metin Altıok, Turkish poet and educator b. 1940
  • 1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish-American activist, founded Narcotics Anonymous b. 1911
  • 2015 – Christian Audigier, French fashion designer b. 1958
  • 1850 – Zachary Taylor, American general and politician, 12th President of the United States b. 1784
  • 2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist and historian b. 1963
  • 1974 – Earl Warren, American jurist and politician, 14th Chief Justice of the United States b. 1891
  • 1967 – Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani dentist and politician b. 1893
  • 2010 – Jessica Anderson, Australian author and playwright b. 1916
  • 1937 – Oliver Law, American commander b. 1899
  • 880 – Ariwara no Narihira, Japanese poet b. 825
  • 1970 – Sigrid Holmquist, Swedish actress b. 1899
  • 2013 – Markus Buchel, Liechtensteiner politician, 9th Prime Minister of Liechtenstein b. 1959
  • 1971 – Karl Ast, Estonian author and politician b. 1886
  • 1228 – Stephen Langton, English cardinal and theologian b. 1150
  • 2008 – Seamus Brennan, Irish accountant and politician, Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport b. 1948
  • 1828 – Cathinka Buchwieser, German operatic singer and actress b. 1789
  • 1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist and academic b. 1776
  • 2014 – David Azrieli, Polish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist b. 1922
  • 1986 – Patriarch Nicholas VI of Alexandria b. 1915
  • 1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg b. 1896
  • 2005 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian engineer and politician b. 1948
  • 1947 – Lucjan Zeligowski, Polish-Lithuanian general and politician b. 1865
  • 1441 – Jan van Eyck, Dutch painter
  • 2015 – Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Saudi Arabian economist and politician, Saudi Arabian Minister of Foreign Affairs b. 1940
  • 2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor b. 1941
  • 2014 – Eileen Ford, American businesswoman, co-founded Ford Models b. 1922
  • 2012 – Chick King, American baseball player b. 1930
  • 1962 – Georges Bataille, French philosopher, novelist, and poet b. 1897
  • 1967 – Eugen Fischer, German physician and academic b. 1874
  • 1959 – Ferenc Talanyi, Slovene journalist and painter b. 1883
  • 1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist b. 1824
  • 1270 – Stephen Bancsa, Hungarian cardinal b. c. 1205
  • 2013 – Kiril of Varna, Bulgarian metropolitan b. 1954
  • 1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, English general and politician, Secretary of State for the Northern Department b. 1721
  • 981 – Ramiro Garces, king of Viguera
  • 1984 – Edna Ernestine Kramer, American mathematician b. 1902
  • 1955 – Don Beauman, English race car driver b. 1928
  • 2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player b. 1914
  • 2012 – Terepai Maoate, Cook Islander physician and politician, 6th Prime Minister of the Cook Islands b. 1934
  • 1932 – King Camp Gillette, American businessman, founded the Gillette Company b. 1855
  • 1972 – Robert Weede, American opera singer b. 1903
  • 1955 – Adolfo de la Huerta, Mexican politician and provisional president, 1920 b. 1881
  • 2019 – Rip Torn, American actor b. 1931
  • 2006 – Milan Williams, American keyboard player and producer b. 1948
  • 1737 – Gian Gastone de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany b. 1671
  • 1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior b. 1794
  • 1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean captain b. 1848
  • 1546 – Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell, Scottish statesman b. c. 1493
  • 1797 – Edmund Burke, Irish-English philosopher, academic, and politician b. 1729
  • 1746 – Philip V of Spain b. 1683
  • 2019 – Ross Perot, American businessman and politician b. 1930
  • 1992 – Eric Sevareid, American journalist b. 1912
  • 2019 – Fernando de la Rua, 43rd President of Argentina b. 1937
  • 2014 – Lorenzo Alvarez Florentin, Paraguayan violinist and composer b. 1926
  • 1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author b. 1899
  • 1949 – Fritz Hart, English-Australian composer and conductor b. 1874
  • 2012 – Eugênio Sales, Brazilian cardinal b. 1920
  • 1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian cellist and composer b. 1670
  • 1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician, 56th Secretary of State for Canada b. 1944
  • 2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor b. 1925
  • 1706 – Pierre Le Moyne dIberville, Canadian captain and explorer b. 1661
  • 1927 – John Drew, Jr., American actor b. 1853
  • 1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian, poet, and playwright b. 1673
  • 1386 – Leopold III, Duke of Austria b. 1351
  • 2011 – Don Ackerman, American basketball player b. 1930
  • 2012 – Shin Jae-chul, South Korean-American martial artist b. 1936
  • 1856 – James Strang, American religious leader and politician b. 1813
  • 1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player b. 1921
  • 518 – Anastasius I Dicorus, Byzantine emperor b. 430
  • 2011 – Facundo Cabral, Argentinian singer-songwriter b. 1937
  • 2005 – Yevgeny Grishin, Russian speed skater b. 1931
  • 1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister b. 1720
  • 2007 – Charles Lane, American actor b. 1905
  • 1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony b. 1521
  • 715 – Naga, Japanese prince
  • 2014 – John Spinks, English guitarist and songwriter b. 1953
  • 1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer b. 1913
  • 2013 – Andrew Nori, Solomon lawyer and politician b. 1952
  • 1850 – Bab, Persian religious leader, founded Babism b. 1819
  • 2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress b. 1917
  • 1992 – Kelvin Coe, Australian ballet dancer b. 1946
  • 2002 – Mayo Kaan, American bodybuilder b. 1914
  • 2013 – Barbara Robinson, American author and poet b. 1927
  • 1169 – Guido of Ravenna, Italian cartographer, entomologist and historian
  • 1961 – Whittaker Chambers, American spy and witness in Hiss case b. 1901
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury Anglican commemoration
  • Amandina of Schakkebroek one of Martyrs of Southern Hunan
  • Our Lady of the Rosary of Chiquinquira
  • Martyr Saints of China
  • Veronica Giuliani
  • Christian Feast Day
  • Arbor Day Cambodia
  • Agilulfus of Cologne
  • Gregorio Grassi one of Martyrs of Shanxi
  • July 9 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Our Lady of Peace, Octave of the Visitation
  • Everilda
  • Our Lady of Itati
  • Martyrs of Gorkum
  • Blessed Marija Petkovic
  • Pauline of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011.
  • Day of the Employees of the Diplomatic Service Azerbaijan
  • Constitution Day Palau
  • Nunavut Day Nunavut
  • Earliest day on which Martyrdom of the Bab can fall, while July 10 is the latest; observed on the 17th of Rahmat Bahai Faith
  • Independence Day, celebrates the declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America by the Congress of Tucuman in 1816. Argentina
  • Constitutionalist Revolution Day São Paulo
  • Constitution Day Australia

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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