Топ-100 ⓘ July 11. 813 – Byzantine emperor Michael I, under threat by
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ⓘ July 11. 813 – Byzantine emperor Michael I, under threat by conspiracies, abdicates in favor of his general Leo the Armenian, and becomes a monk under the name ..



                                     

ⓘ July 11

  • 813 – Byzantine emperor Michael I, under threat by conspiracies, abdicates in favor of his general Leo the Armenian, and becomes a monk under the name Athanasius.
  • 1995 – Yugoslav Wars: Srebrenica massacre begins; lasts until 22 July.
  • 1960 – France legislates for the independence of Dahomey later Benin, Upper Volta later Burkina and Niger.
  • 1796 – The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
  • 1977 – Martin Luther King, Jr. is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
  • 1962 – Project Apollo: At a press conference, NASA announces lunar orbit rendezvous as the means to land astronauts on the Moon, and return them to Earth.
  • 1906 – Murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in the United States, inspiration for Theodore Dreisers An American Tragedy.
  • 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is first published, in the United States.
  • 1920 – In the East Prussian plebiscite the local populace decides to remain with Weimar Germany.
  • 1346 – Charles IV, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, is elected King of the Romans.
  • 1922 – The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1616 – Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.
  • 1893 – A revolution led by the liberal general and politician Jose Santos Zelaya takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1940 – World War II: Vichy France regime is formally established. Philippe Petain becomes Chief of the French State.
  • 1919 – The eight-hour day and free Sunday become law for workers in the Netherlands.
  • 1991 – Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 crashes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia killing all 261 passengers and crew on board.
  • 1960 – Congo Crisis: The State of Katanga breaks away from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 1893 – The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kōkichi Mikimoto.
  • 1936 – The Triborough Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic.
  • 1934 – Engelbert Zaschka of Germany flies his large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without assisted take-off.
  • 1882 – The British Mediterranean Fleet begins the Bombardment of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the Anglo-Egyptian War.
  • 1899 – Fiat founded by Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, Italy.
  • 1971 – Copper mines in Chile are nationalized.
  • 1983 – A TAME airline Boeing 737-200 crashes near Cuenca, Ecuador, killing all 119 passengers and crew on board.
  • 1735 – Mathematical calculations suggest that it is on this day that dwarf planet Pluto moved inside the orbit of Neptune for the last time before 1979.
  • 2011 – Evangelos Florakis Naval Base explosion: Ninety-eight containers of explosives self-detonate killing 13 people in Zygi, Cyprus.
  • 1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs Guldensporenslag in Dutch: A coalition around the Flemish cities defeats the king of Frances royal army.
  • 1174 – Baldwin IV, 13, becomes King of Jerusalem, with Raymond III, Count of Tripoli as regent and William of Tyre as chancellor.
  • 1476 – Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances.
  • 1950 – Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank.
  • 1947 – The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
  • 1943 – Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine Volhynia peak.
  • 2006 – Mumbai train bombings: Two hundred nine people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
  • 1789 – Jacques Necker is dismissed as Frances Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
  • 1978 – Los Alfaques disaster: A truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
  • 1576 – Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1914 – USS Nevada BB-36 is launched.
  • 1957 – Prince Karim Husseini Aga Khan IV inherits the office of Imamat as the 49th Imam of Shia Imami Ismaili worldwide, after the death of Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah Aga Khan III.
  • 1990 – Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1804 – A duel occurs in which the Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
  • 1889 – Tijuana, Mexico, is founded.
  • 1914 – Babe Ruth makes his debut in Major League Baseball.
  • 1924 – Eric Liddell won the gold medal in 400m at the 1924 Paris Olympics, after refusing to run in the heats for 100m, his favoured distance, on the Sunday.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Fort Stevens; Confederate forces attempt to invade Washington, D.C.
  • 1921 – The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army and establishes the Mongolian Peoples Republic.
  • 1941 – The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party holds its first congress in Nkana.
  • 1979 – Americas first space station, Skylab, is destroyed as it re-enters the Earths atmosphere over the Indian Ocean.
  • 1921 – Former president of the United States William Howard Taft is sworn in as 10th chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, becoming the only person ever to hold both offices.
  • 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1921 – A truce in the Irish War of Independence comes into effect.
  • 1897 – Salomon August Andree leaves Spitsbergen to attempt to reach the North Pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
  • 911 – Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy.
  • 1405 – Ming admiral Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time.
  • 472 – After being besieged in Rome by his own generals, Western Roman Emperor Anthemius is captured in St. Peters Basilica and put to death.
  • 1833 – Noongar Australian aboriginal warrior Yagan, wanted for the murder of white colonists in Western Australia, is killed.
  • 1895 – Brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere demonstrate movie film technology to scientists.
  • 1848 – Waterloo railway station in London opens.
  • 2010 – Kampala attacks: At least 74 people are killed in twin suicide bombings at two locations in Kampala, Uganda
  • 1972 – The first game of the World Chess Championship 1972 between challenger Bobby Fischer and defending champion Boris Spassky starts.
  • 1943 – World War II: Allied invasion of Sicily: German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces in Sicily.
  • 1973 – Varig Flight 820 crashes near Paris, France on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the 134 on board. In response, the FAA bans smoking in airplane lavatories.
  • 1962 – First transatlantic satellite television transmission.
  • 1801 – French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons makes his first comet discovery. In the next 27 years he discovers another 36 comets, more than any other person in history.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1967 – Jhumpa Lahiri, Indian American novelist and short story writer
  • 1994 – Lucas Ocampos, Argentinian footballer
  • 1923 – Richard Pipes, Polish-American historian and academic d. 2018
  • 1990 – Adam Jezierski, Polish-Spanish actor and singer
  • 1952 – Bill Barber, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1928 – Bobo Olson, American boxer d. 2002
  • 1950 – Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani physicist and academic
  • 1933 – Frank Kelso, American admiral and politician, United States Secretary of the Navy d. 2013
  • 1985 – Robert Adamson, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1888 – Carl Schmitt, German philosopher and jurist d. 1985
  • 1968 – Esera Tuaolo, American football player
  • 1882 – James Larkin White, American miner, explorer, and park ranger d. 1946
  • 1944 – Patricia Polacco, American author and illustrator
  • 1990 – Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player
  • 1881 – Isabel Martin Lewis, American astronomer and author d. 1966
  • 1929 – David Kelly, Irish actor d. 2012
  • 1996 – Alessia Cara, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1953 – Mindy Sterling, American actress
  • 1984 – Yorman Bazardo, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1866 – Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine d. 1953
  • 1850 – Annie Armstrong, American missionary d. 1938
  • 1274 – Robert the Bruce, Scottish king d. 1329
  • 1916 – Alexander Prokhorov, Australian-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2002
  • 1916 – Reg Varney, English actor and screenwriter d. 2008
  • 1951 – Ed Ott, American baseball player and coach
  • 1826 – Alexander Afanasyev, Russian ethnographer and author d. 1871
  • 1880 – Friedrich Lahrs, German architect and academic d. 1964
  • 1986 – Yoann Gourcuff, French footballer
  • 1968 – Michael Geist, Canadian journalist and academic
  • 1920 – Yul Brynner, Russian actor and dancer d. 1985
  • 1980 – Tyson Kidd, Canadian wrestler
  • 1925 – Peter Kyros, American lawyer and politician d. 2012
  • 1950 – J. R. Morgan, Welsh author and academic
  • 1751 – Caroline Matilda, British princess, queen consort of Denmark d. 1775
  • 1935 – Frederick Hemke, American saxophonist and educator
  • 1929 – Danny Flores, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist d. 2006
  • 1953 – Paul Weiland, English director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1987 – Shigeaki Kato, Japanese singer
  • 1760 – Peggy Shippen, American wife of Benedict Arnold and American Revolutionary War spy d. 1804
  • 1953 – Ivan Toms, South African physician and activist d. 2008
  • 1950 – Bonnie Pointer, American singer
  • 1966 – Ricky Warwick, Northern Irish musician
  • 1916 – Hans Maier, Dutch water polo player d. 2018
  • 1910 – Sally Blane, American actress d. 1997
  • 1886 – Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter and illustrator d. 1939
  • 1941 – Henry Lowther, English trumpet player
  • 1767 – John Quincy Adams, American lawyer and politician, 6th President of the United States d. 1848
  • 1947 – Jeff Hanna, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and drummer
  • 1754 – Thomas Bowdler, English physician and philanthropist d. 1825
  • 1927 – Theodore Maiman, American-Canadian physicist and engineer d. 2007
  • 1959 – Suzanne Vega, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1941 – Bill Boggs, American journalist and producer
  • 1899 – Wilfrid Israel, German businessman and philanthropist d. 1943
  • 1989 – Travis Waddell, Australian rugby league player
  • 1943 – Rolf Stommelen, German racing driver d. 1983
  • 1983 – Engin Baytar, German-Turkish footballer
  • 1963 – Lisa Rinna, American actress and talk show host
  • 1930 – Trevor Storer, English businessman, founded Pukka Pies d. 2013
  • 1894 – Erna Mohr, German zoologist d. 1968
  • 1846 – Leon Bloy, French author and poet d. 1917
  • 1993 – Heini Salonen, Finnish tennis player
  • 1849 – N. E. Brown, English plant taxonomist and authority on succulents d. 1934
  • 1994 – Anthony Milford, Australian rugby league player
  • 1928 – Greville Janner, Baron Janner of Braunstone, Welsh-English lawyer and politician d. 2015
  • 1709 – Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist and mineralogist d. 1785
  • 1953 – Patricia Reyes Spindola, Mexican actress, director, and producer
  • 1931 – Tullio Regge, Italian physicist and academic d. 2014
  • 1958 – Hugo Sanchez, Mexican footballer, coach, and manager
  • 1953 – Angelica Aragon, Mexican film, television, and stage actress and singer
  • 1965 – Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kick-boxer and sportscaster
  • 1943 – Tom Holland, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1963 – Al MacInnis, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1913 – Cordwainer Smith, American sinologist, author, and academic d. 1966
  • 1995 – Joey Bosa, American football player
  • 1832 – Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek lawyer and politician, 55th Prime Minister of Greece d. 1896
  • 1956 – Amitav Ghosh, Indian-American author and academic
  • 1912 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor and composer d. 1996
  • 1895 – Dorothy Wilde, English author and poet d. 1941
  • 1558 – Robert Greene, English author and playwright d. 1592
  • 1931 – Tab Hunter, American actor and singer d. 2018
  • 1905 – Betty Allan, Australian statistician and biometrician d. 1952
  • 1973 – Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek runner
  • 1968 – Daniel MacMaster, Canadian singer-songwriter d. 2008
  • 1911 – Erna Flegel, German Third Reich nurse d. 2006
  • 1956 – Sela Ward, American actress
  • 1993 – Rebecca Bross, American gymnast
  • 1995 – Tyler Medeiros, Canadian singer-songwriter and dancer
  • 1899 – E. B. White, American essayist and journalist d. 1985
  • 1918 – Venetia Burney, English educator, who named Pluto d. 2009
  • 1926 – Frederick Buechner, American minister, theologian, and author
  • 1970 – Sajjad Karim, English lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Robin Renucci, French actor and director
  • 1653 – Sarah Good, American woman accused of witchcraft d. 1692
  • 1904 – Niño Ricardo, Spanish guitarist and composer d. 1972
  • 1953 – Leon Spinks, American boxer
  • 1459 – Kaspar, Count Palatine of Zweibrucken, German nobleman d. 1527
  • 1988 – Natalie La Rose, Dutch singer, songwriter and dancer
  • 1990 – Mona Barthel, German tennis player
  • 1957 – Johann Lamont, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1966 – Nadeem Aslam, Pakistani-English author
  • 1406 – William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg d. 1482
  • 1561 – Luis de Gongora, Spanish cleric and poet d. 1627
  • 1953 – Peter Brown, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1944 – Lou Hudson, American basketball player and coach d. 2014
  • 1836 – Antonio Carlos Gomes, Brazilian composer d. 1896
  • 1994 – Bartlomiej Kalinkowski, Polish footballer
  • 1922 – Gene Evans, American actor d. 1998
  • 1982 – Chris Cooley, American football player
  • 1657 – Frederick I of Prussia d. 1713
  • 1994 – Nina Nesbitt, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Leisha Hailey, Japanese-American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1924 – Oscar Wyatt, American businessman
  • 1931 – Dick Gray, American baseball player d. 2013
  • 1966 – Kentaro Miura, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1892 – Thomas Mitchell, American actor, singer, and screenwriter d. 1962
  • 1972 – Cormac Battle, English-Irish singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1903 – Rudolf Abel, English-Russian colonel d. 1971
  • 1958 – Mark Lester, English actor
  • 1912 – William F. Walsh, American captain and politician, 48th Mayor of Syracuse d. 2011
  • 1933 – Jim Carlen, American football player and coach d. 2012
  • 1944 – Michael Levy, Baron Levy, English philanthropist
  • 1954 – Julia King, English engineer and academic
  • 1986 – Raul Garcia, Spanish footballer
  • 1932 – Alex Hassilev, French-born American folk singer and musician
  • 1628 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese daimyō d. 1701
  • 1983 – Peter Cincotti, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1988 – Etienne Capoue, French footballer
  • 1927 – Chris Leonard, English footballer
  • 1965 – Scott Shriner, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1962 – Fumiya Fujii, Japanese music artist
  • 1953 – Bramwell Tovey, English-Canadian conductor and composer
  • 1963 – Dean Richards, English rugby player and coach
  • 1943 – Richard Carleton, Australian journalist d. 2006
  • 1974 – Andre Ooijer, Dutch footballer and coach
  • 1930 – Jack Alabaster, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1943 – Robert Malval, Haitian businessman and politician, 5th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1960 – Caroline Quentin, English actress
  • 1935 – Oliver Napier, Northern Irish lawyer and politician d. 2011
  • 1909 – Irene Hervey, American actress d. 1998
  • 1943 – Howard Gardner, American psychologist and academic
  • 1834 – James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-English painter and illustrator d. 1903
  • 1952 – Stephen Lang, American actor and playwright
  • 1974 – Alanas Chosnau, Lithuanian singer-songwriter
  • 1978 – Kathleen Edwards, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1922 – Fritz Riess, German-Swiss racing driver d. 1991
  • 1979 – Raio Piiroja, Estonian footballer
  • 1925 – Charles Chaynes, French composer d. 2016
  • 1909 – Jacques Clemens, Dutch catholic priest d. 2018
  • 1925 – Sid Smith, Canadian ice hockey player and coach d. 2004
  • 1989 – Tobias Sana, Swedish footballer
  • 1959 – Richie Sambora, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
  • 1906 – Herbert Wehner, German politician, Minister of Intra-German Relations d. 1990
  • 1984 – Joe Pavelski, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Jacoby Jones, American football player
  • 1924 – Cesar Lattes, Brazilian physicist and academic d. 2005
  • 1976 – Eduardo Najera, Mexican-American basketball player and coach
  • 1975 – Lil Kim, American rapper and producer
  • 1985 – Orestis Karnezis, Greek footballer
  • 1931 – Thurston Harris, American doo-wop singer d. 1990
  • 1924 – Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer and manager d. 1971
  • 1981 – Andre Johnson, American football player
  • 1947 – Norman Lebrecht, English author and critic
  • 1953 – Piyasvasti Amranand, Thai businessman and politician, Thai Minister of Energy
  • 1957 – Michael Rose, Jamaican singer-songwriter
  • 1603 – Kenelm Digby, English astrologer, courtier, and diplomat d. 1665
  • 1974 – Hermann Hreidarsson, Icelandic footballer and manager
  • 1923 – Tun Tun, Indian actress and comedian d. 2003
  • 1970 – Justin Chambers, American actor
  • 1975 – Willie Anderson, American football player
  • 1966 – Rod Strickland, American basketball player and coach
  • 1930 – Harold Bloom, American literary critic
  • 1932 – Jean-Guy Talbot, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1970 – Eric Owens, American opera singer
  • 1960 – David Baerwald, American singer-songwriter, composer, and musician
  • 1916 – Mortimer Caplin, American tax attorney, educator, and IRS Commissioner d. 2019
  • 1937 – Pai Hsien-yung, Chinese-Taiwanese author
  • 1977 – Brandon Short, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1723 – Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author d. 1799
  • 1986 – Ryan Jarvis, English footballer
  • 1965 – Tony Cottee, English footballer, manager, and sportscaster
  • 1913 – Paul Gibb, English cricketer d. 1977
  • 1897 – Bull Connor, American police officer d. 1973
  • 154 – Bardaisan, Syrian astrologer, scholar, and philosopher d. 222
  • 1875 – H. M. Brock, British painter and illustrator d. 1960
  • 1906 – Harry von Zell, American actor and announcer d. 1981
  • 1946 – Martin Wong, American painter d. 1999
  • 1962 – Pauline McLynn, Irish actress and author
  • 1978 – Massimiliano Rosolino, Italian swimmer
  • 1980 – Kevin Powers, American soldier and author
  • 1916 – Gough Whitlam, Australian lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Australia d. 2014
  • 1975 – Ruben Baraja, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1983 – Marie Serneholt, Swedish singer and dancer
  • 1962 – Gaetan Duchesne, Canadian ice hockey player d. 2007
  • 1912 – Peta Taylor, English cricketer d. 1989
  • 1984 – Tanith Belbin, Canadian-American ice dancer
  • 1990 – Patrick Peterson, American football player
  • 1901 – Gwendolyn Lizarraga, Belizean businesswoman, activist, and politician d. 1975
  • 1953 – Suresh Prabhu, Indian accountant and politician, Indian Minister of Railways
  • 1934 – Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer, founded the Armani Company
  • 1961 – Antony Jenkins, English banker and businessman
  • 1925 – Nicolai Gedda, Swedish operatic tenor d. 2017
  • 1920 – Zecharia Sitchin, Russian-American author d. 2010
  • 1984 – Morne Steyn, South African rugby player
  • 1903 – Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter d. 1976
  • 1924 – Brett Somers, Canadian-American actress and singer d. 2007
  • 1990 – Connor Paolo, American actor
  • 1969 – Ned Boulting, British sports journalist and television presenter
  • 1928 – Andrea Veneracion, Filipina choirmaster d. 2014
  • 1967 – Andy Ashby, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1957 – Peter Murphy, English singer-songwriter
  • 1955 – Balaji Sadasivan, Singaporean neurosurgeon and politician, Singaporean Minister of Health d. 2010
  • 1662 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria d. 1726
  • 1943 – Peter Jensen, Australian metropolitan
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 969 – Olga of Kiev b. 890
  • 2014 – Bill McGill, American basketball player b. 1939
  • 2012 – Richard Scudder, American journalist and publisher, co-founded MediaNews Group b. 1913
  • 2013 – Egbert Brieskorn, German mathematician and academic b. 1936
  • 2010 – Walter Hawkins, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and pastor b. 1949
  • 1998 – Panagiotis Kondylis, Greek philosopher and author b. 1943
  • 1302 – Robert II, Count of Artois b. 1250
  • 1844 – Yevgeny Baratynsky, Russian philosopher and poet b. 1800
  • 1484 – Mino da Fiesole, Italian sculptor b. c. 1429
  • 1937 – George Gershwin, American pianist, songwriter, and composer b. 1898
  • 1362 – Anna von Schweidnitz, empress of Charles IV b. 1339
  • 1599 – Chōsokabe Motochika, Japanese daimyō b.1539
  • 2000 – Robert Runcie, English archbishop b. 1921
  • 1959 – Charlie Parker, English cricketer, coach, and umpire b. 1882
  • 1967 – Guy Favreau, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 28th Canadian Minister of Justice b. 1917
  • 1797 – Ienachița Vacarescu, Romanian historian and philologist b. 1740
  • 937 – Rudolph II of Burgundy b. 880
  • 2004 – Laurance Rockefeller, American financier and philanthropist b. 1910
  • 1971 – Pedro Rodriguez, Mexican racing driver b. 1940
  • 2005 – Gretchen Franklin, English actress and dancer b. 1911
  • 1593 – Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Italian painter b. 1527
  • 1825 – Thomas P. Grosvenor, American soldier and politician b. 1744
  • 2014 – Randall Stout, American architect, designed the Taubman Museum of Art b. 1958
  • 2013 – Eugene P. Wilkinson, American admiral b. 1918
  • 2014 – Carin Mannheimer, Swedish author and screenwriter b. 1934
  • 1909 – Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician b. 1835
  • 2006 – Bronwyn Oliver, Australian sculptor b. 1959
  • 2014 – John Seigenthaler, American journalist and academic b. 1927
  • 2015 – Giacomo Biffi, Italian cardinal b. 1928
  • 2015 – James U. Cross, American general b. 1925
  • 1987 – Avi Ran, Israeli footballer b. 1963
  • 2007 – Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded Honest Eds b. 1914
  • 2007 – Glenda Adams, Australian author and academic b. 1939
  • 1535 – Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg b. 1484
  • 1971 – John W. Campbell, American journalist and author b. 1910
  • 2012 – Donald J. Sobol, American soldier and author b. 1924
  • 1999 – Helen Forrest, American singer b. 1917
  • 2009 – Arturo Gatti, Italian-Canadian boxer b. 1972
  • 1897 – Patrick Jennings, Irish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of New South Wales b. 1831
  • 2001 – Herman Brood, Dutch musician and painter b. 1946
  • 1775 – Simon Boerum, American farmer and politician b. 1724
  • 1987 – Yaakov Yitzchok Ruderman, American rabbi and scholar b. 1901
  • 2000 – Pedro Mir, Dominican lawyer, author, and poet b. 1913
  • 2006 – Barnard Hughes, American actor b. 1915
  • 2012 – Art Ceccarelli, American baseball player and coach b. 1930
  • 2014 – Tommy Ramone, Hungarian-American drummer and producer b. 1949
  • 2015 – Lawrence K. Karlton, American lawyer and judge b. 1935
  • 1908 – Friedrich Traun, German sprinter and tennis player b. 1876
  • 1966 – Delmore Schwartz, American poet and short story writer b. 1913
  • 1451 – Barbara of Cilli, Slovenian noblewoman
  • 2003 – Zahra Kazemi, Iranian-Canadian freelance photographer b. 1948
  • 2012 – Marion Cunningham, American author b. 1922
  • 2014 – Charlie Haden, American bassist and composer b. 1937
  • 2007 – Alfonso Lopez Michelsen, Colombian lawyer and politician, 32nd President of Colombia b. 1913
  • 1174 – Amalric I of Jerusalem b. 1136
  • 2012 – Marvin Traub, American businessman and author b. 1925
  • 2009 – Ji Xianlin, Chinese linguist and paleographer b. 1911
  • 1991 – Mokhtar Dahari, Malaysian footballer and coach b. 1953
  • 1929 – Billy Mosforth, English footballer and engraver b. 1857
  • 2015 – Satoru Iwata, Japanese game programmer and businessman b. 1959
  • 1183 – Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria b. 1117
  • 2011 – Rob Grill, American singer-songwriter and bass player b. 1943
  • 1382 – Nicole Oresme, French philosopher b. 1325
  • 1302 – Pierre Flotte, French politician and lawyer
  • 2008 – Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and educator b. 1908
  • 1994 – Gary Kildall, American computer scientist, founded Digital Research b. 1942
  • 2015 – Andre Leysen, Belgian businessman b. 1927
  • 1983 – Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian author b. 1915
  • 1774 – Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-English general b. 1715
  • 2005 – Frances Langford, American actress and singer b. 1913
  • 1581 – Peder Skram, Danish admiral and politician b. 1503
  • 2009 – Reg Fleming, Canadian-American ice hockey player b. 1936
  • 1999 – Jan Sloot, Dutch computer scientist and electronics technician b. 1945
  • 2013 – Emik Avakian, Iranian-American inventor b. 1923
  • 1905 – Muhammad Abduh, Egyptian jurist and scholar b. 1849
  • 1806 – James Smith, Irish-American lawyer and politician b. 1719
  • 2004 – Renee Saint-Cyr, French actress and producer b. 1904
  • 2006 – John Spencer, English snooker player and sportscaster b. 1935
  • 2005 – Jesus Iglesias, Argentinian racing driver b. 1922
  • 1974 – Par Lagerkvist, Swedish novelist, playwright, and poet Nobel Prize laureate b. 1891
  • 472 – Anthemius, Roman emperor b. 420
  • 1979 – Claude Wagner, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician b. 1925
  • 1688 – Narai, Thai king b. 1629
  • 1989 – Laurence Olivier, English actor, director, and producer b. 1907
  • 2007 – Lady Bird Johnson, American beautification activist; 43rd First Lady of the United States b. 1912
  • 1976 – Leon de Greiff, Colombian poet and educator b. 1895
  • 1344 – Ulrich III, Count of Wurttemberg b. c. 1286
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • July 11 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Christian Feast Day
  • Benedict of Nursia
  • Olga of Kiev
  • Pope Pius I
  • Free Slurpee Day Participating stores of the 7-Eleven chain in North America
  • National Day of Remembrance of Victims of Genocide by Ukrainian Nationalists on Citizens of the Second Republic of Poland
  • National Day of Commemoration, held on the nearest Sunday to this date Ireland
  • Day of the Bandoneon Argentina
  • World Population Day International
  • Gospel Day Kiribati
  • The first day of Naadam July 11–15 Mongolia
  • China National Maritime Day China
  • Day of the Flemish Community Flemish Community of Belgium
  • Eleventh Night Northern Ireland
  • Imamat Day Ismailism

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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