Топ-100 ⓘ June 8. 1663 – Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial
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ⓘ June 8. 1663 – Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial ensures Portugals independence from Spain. 1918 – A solar eclipse is observed at Baker City, Oregon ..



June 8
                                     

ⓘ June 8

  • 1663 – Portuguese victory at the Battle of Ameixial ensures Portugals independence from Spain.
  • 1918 – A solar eclipse is observed at Baker City, Oregon by scientists and an artist hired by the United States Navy.
  • 1966 – An F-104 Starfighter collides with XB-70 Valkyrie prototype no. 2, destroying both aircraft during a photo shoot near Edwards Air Force Base. Joseph A. Walker, a NASA test pilot, and Carl Cross, a United States Air Force test pilot, are both killed.
  • 1191 – Richard I arrives in Acre, beginning his crusade.
  • 1941 – World War II: The Allies commence the Syria–Lebanon Campaign against the possessions of Vichy France in the Levant.
  • 1794 – Robespierre inaugurates the French Revolutions new state religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being, with large organized festivals all across France.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shell the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
  • 2001 – Mamoru Takuma kills eight and injures 15 in a mass stabbing at an elementary school in the Osaka Prefecture of Japan.
  • 1984 – Homosexuality is declared legal in the Australian state of New South Wales.
  • 1887 – Herman Hollerith applies for US patent #395.781 for the Art of Compiling Statistics, which was his punched card calculator.
  • 1966 – Topeka, Kansas, is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita scale: The first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
  • 1906 – Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
  • 2008 – At least 37 miners go missing after an explosion in a Ukrainian coal mine causes it to collapse.
  • 1995 – Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott OGrady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
  • 1940 – World War II: The completion of Operation Alphabet, the evacuation of Allied forces from Narvik at the end of the Norwegian Campaign.
  • 1987 – New Zealands Labour government establishes a national nuclear-free zone under the New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987.
  • 1992 – The first World Oceans Day is celebrated, coinciding with the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 1953 – An F5 tornado hits Beecher, Michigan, killing 116, injuring 844, and destroying 340 homes.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys: Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson save the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
  • 1949 – Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Tennessee secedes from the Union.
  • 1967 – Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurs, killing 34 and wounding 171.
  • 1789 – James Madison introduces twelve proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in Congress.
  • 1856 – A group of 194 Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the mutineers of HMS Bounty, arrives at Norfolk Island, commencing the Third Settlement of the Island.
  • 1912 – Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • 2004 – The first Venus Transit in well over a century takes place, the previous one being in 1882.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: American attackers are driven back at the Battle of Trois-Rivieres.
  • 1929 – Margaret Bondfield is appointed Minister of Labour. She is the first woman appointed to the Cabinet of the United Kingdom.
  • 793 – Vikings raid the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of Norse activity in the British Isles.
  • 1959 – USS Barbero and the United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
  • 2014 – At least 28 people are killed in an attack at Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • 218 – Battle of Antioch: With the support of the Syrian legions, Elagabalus defeats the forces of emperor Macrinus. He flees, but is captured near Chalcedon and later executed in Cappadocia.
  • 2008 – At least seven people are killed and ten injured in a stabbing spree in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1042 – Edward the Confessor becomes King of England - the countrys penultimate Anglo-Saxon king.
  • 2007 – Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, is hit by the States worst storms and flooding in 30 years resulting in the death of nine people and the grounding of a trade ship, the MV Pasha Bulker.
  • 1928 – Second Northern Expedition: The National Revolutionary Army captures Peking, whose name is changed to Beijing "Northern Capital".
  • 1783 – Laki, a volcano in Iceland, begins an eight-month eruption which kills over 9.000 people and starts a seven-year famine.
  • 1867 – Coronation of Franz Joseph as King of Hungary following the Austro-Hungarian compromise Ausgleich.
  • 1966 – The National Football League and American Football League announced a merger effective in 1970.
  • 1949 – George Orwells Nineteen Eighty-Four is published.
  • 1982 – Bluff Cove Air Attacks during the Falklands War: Fifty-six British servicemen are killed by an Argentine air attack on two landing ships, RFA Sir Galahad and RFA Sir Tristram.
  • 1953 – The United States Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. John R. Thompson Co. that restaurants in Washington, D.C., cannot refuse to serve black patrons.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Nine-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc is burned by napalm, an event captured by Associated Press photographer Nick Ut moments later while the young girl is seen running down a road, in what would become an iconic, Pulitzer Prize-winning photo.
  • 2009 – Two American journalists are found guilty of illegally entering North Korea and sentenced to 12 years of penal labour.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1953 – Billy Hayes, English union leader
  • 1981 – Alex Band, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 862 – Emperor Xizong of Tang d. 888
  • 1967 – Russell E. Morris, Professor of Materials Chemistry at the University of St Andrews
  • 1957 – Sonja Vectomov, Czech/Finnish sculptor
  • 1829 – John Everett Millais, English painter and illustrator d. 1896
  • 1943 – Willie Davenport, American colonel and hurdler d. 2002
  • 1868 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect d. 1942
  • 1947 – Sara Paretsky, American author
  • 1949 – Emanuel Ax, Polish-American pianist and educator
  • 1918 – John D. Roberts, American chemist and academic d. 2016
  • 1976 – Kenji Johjima, Japanese baseball player
  • 1940 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer and actress
  • 1921 – LeRoy Neiman, American soldier and painter d. 2012
  • 1852 – Guido Banti, Italian physician and pathologist d. 1925
  • 1976 – Eion Bailey, American actor
  • 1981 – Sara Watkins, American singer-songwriter and fiddler
  • 1975 – Bryan McCabe, Canadian-American ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Bonnie Tyler, Welsh singer-songwriter
  • 1944 – Boz Scaggs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1939 – Herb Adderley, American football player
  • 1717 – John Collins, American lawyer and politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island d. 1795
  • 1927 – Jerry Stiller, American actor, comedian and producer
  • 1945 – Derek Underwood, English cricketer
  • 1960 – Mick Hucknall, English singer-songwriter
  • 1970 – Gabrielle Giffords, American businesswoman, politician and activist
  • 1625 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian-French mathematician and astronomer d. 1712
  • 1979 – Rob Holliday, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1980 – Gustavo Manduca, Brazilian footballer
  • 1945 – Steven Fromholz, American singer-songwriter, producer, and poet d. 2014
  • 1965 – Kevin Farley, American screenwriter
  • 1979 – Derek Trucks, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1942 – Doug Mountjoy, Welsh snooker player
  • 1975 – Shilpa Shetty, Indian actress and producer
  • 1930 – Marcel Leger, Canadian lawyer and politician d. 1993
  • 1990 – Mickey Bushell, English wheelchair racer
  • 1966 – Doris Pearson, English singer-songwriter and choreographer
  • 1957 – Scott Adams, American author and illustrator
  • 1934 – Millicent Martin, English actress and singer
  • 1958 – Louise Richardson, Irish political scientist and academic
  • 1912 – Maurice Bellemare, Canadian lawyer and politician d. 1989
  • 1969 – David Barnhill, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1954 – Kiril of Varna, Bulgarian metropolitan d. 2013
  • 1931 – James Goldstone, American director and screenwriter d. 1999
  • 1929 – Nada Inada, Japanese psychiatrist and author d. 2013
  • 1933 – Joan Rivers, American comedian, actress, and television host d. 2014
  • 1954 – Greg Ginn, American punk rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter Black Flag
  • 1842 – John Q. A. Brackett, American lawyer and politician, 36th Governor of Massachusetts d. 1918
  • 1974 – Pål Arne Fagernes, Norwegian javelin thrower d. 2003
  • 1982 – Nadia Petrova, Russian tennis player
  • 1953 – Ivo Sanader, Croatian historian and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Croatia
  • 1986 – Patrick Kaleta, American ice hockey player
  • 1997 – Jeļena Ostapenko, Latvian tennis player
  • 1974 – Lauren Burns, Australian taekwondo practitioner
  • 1950 – Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress and producer
  • 1960 – Thomas Steen, Swedish ice hockey player and coach
  • 1972 – Christian Mayrleb, Austrian footballer
  • 1916 – Luigi Comencini, Italian director and screenwriter d. 2007
  • 1981 – Matteo Meneghello, Italian race car driver
  • 1978 – Eun Ji-won, South Korean rapper, dancer, and producer
  • 1955 – Griffin Dunne, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1987 – Issiar Dia, Senegalese footballer
  • 1951 – Tony Rice, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1895 – Santiago Bernabeu Yeste, Spanish footballer and manager d. 1978
  • 1974 – Alma Lepina, Latvian figure skater
  • 1893 – Ernst Marcus, German zoologist d. 1968
  • 1984 – Javier Mascherano, Argentinian footballer
  • 1921 – Alexis Smith, Canadian-born American actress and singer d. 1993
  • 1954 – Sergei Storchak, Ukrainian-Russian politician
  • 1915 – Kayyar Kinhanna Rai, Indian journalist, author, and poet d. 2015
  • 1973 – Lexa Doig, Canadian model and actress
  • 1986 – Andrej Sekera, Slovak ice hockey player
  • 1858 – Charlotte Scott, English mathematician d. 1931
  • 1724 – John Smeaton, English engineer, designed the Coldstream Bridge and Perth Bridge d. 1794
  • 1989 – Timea Bacsinszky, Swiss tennis player
  • 1236 – Violant of Aragon, queen consort of Castile and Leon d. 1301
  • 1982 – Matteo Barbini, Italian rugby player
  • 1957 – Don Robinson, American baseball player and politician
  • 1943 – Pierre-Andre Fournier, Roman Catholic archbishop d. 2015
  • 1983 – Gaines Adams, American football player d. 2010
  • 1969 – Marcos Siega, American director and producer
  • 1924 – Billie Dawe, Canadian ice hockey player and manager d. 2013
  • 1671 – Tomaso Albinoni, Italian violinist and composer d. 1751
  • 1855 – George Charles Haite, English painter and illustrator d. 1924
  • 1332 – Cangrande II della Scala, Lord of Verona d. 1359
  • 1953 – Sandy Nairne, English historian and curator
  • 1941 – Robert Bradford, Northern Irish politician and activist d. 1981
  • 1903 – Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-French author and poet d. 1987
  • 1899 – Ernst-Robert Grawitz, German physician d. 1945
  • 1969 – J. P. Manoux, American actor
  • 1958 – Keenen Ivory Wayans, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Kim Clijsters, Belgian tennis player
  • 1967 – Dan Futterman, American actor, screenwriter and producer
  • 1860 – Alicia Boole Stott, Irish-English mathematician and theorist d. 1940
  • 1921 – Olga Nardone, American actress d. 2010
  • 1919 – John R. Deane, Jr., American general d. 2013
  • 1757 – Ercole Consalvi, Italian cardinal d. 1824
  • 1978 – Maria Menounos, American television journalist
  • 1903 – Ralph Yarborough, American colonel and politician d. 1996
  • 1924 – Kenneth Waltz, American political scientist and academic d. 2013
  • 1946 – Graham Henry, New Zealand rugby player and coach
  • 1983 – Pantelis Kapetanos, Greek footballer
  • 1965 – Rob Pilatus, German model, dancer and singer Milli Vanilli d. 1998
  • 1987 – Coralie Balmy, French swimmer
  • 1941 – George Pell, Australian cardinal
  • 1943 – William Calley, American lieutenant
  • 1970 – Steve Renouf, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
  • 1982 – Michael Cammalleri, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1900 – Lena Baker, African-American maid executed for capital murder, later pardoned posthumously d. 1945
  • 1893 – Gaby Morlay, French actress d. 1964
  • 1876 – Alexandre Tuffere, Greek-French triple jumper d. 1958
  • 1979 – Ipek Senoğlu, Turkish tennis player
  • 1956 – Jonathan Potter, English psychologist, sociolinguist, and academic
  • 1921 – Gordon McLendon, American broadcaster and businessman d. 1986
  • 1936 – James Darren, American actor
  • 1552 – Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet and author d. 1638
  • 1962 – John Gibbons, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Karen Kingsbury, American journalist and author
  • 1910 – C. C. Beck, American illustrator d. 1989
  • 1959 – Mohsen Kadivar, Iranian philosopher
  • 1996 – Doğanay Kılıç, Turkish footballer
  • 1943 – Peter Eggert, German footballer and manager
  • 1932 – Ray Illingworth, English cricketer and sportscaster
  • 2004 – Francesca Capaldi, American actress
  • 1956 – Udo Bullmann, German politician
  • 1944 – Marc Ouellet, Canadian cardinal
  • 1977 – Kanye West, American rapper, producer, director, and fashion designer
  • 1975 – Mark Ricciuto, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1916 – Richard Pousette-Dart, American painter and educator d. 1992
  • 1975 – Emm Gryner, Canadian singer-songwriter
  • 1910 – Fernand Fonssagrives, French-American photographer, sculptor, and painter d. 2003
  • 1992 – Seba, Brazilian footballer
  • 1875 – Ernst Enno, Estonian poet and author d. 1934
  • 1943 – Colin Baker, English actor
  • 1947 – Annie Haslam, English singer-songwriter and painter
  • 1933 – Rommie Loudd, American football player and coach d. 1998
  • 1980 – Jamie Spencer, Irish jockey
  • 1970 – Kwame Kilpatrick, American educator and politician, 68th Mayor of Detroit
  • 1910 – John W. Campbell, American journalist and author d. 1971
  • 1937 – Gillian Clarke, Welsh poet and playwright
  • 1918 – Robert Preston, American captain, actor, and singer d. 1987
  • 1508 – Primoz Trubar, Slovenian Protestant reformer d. 1586
  • 1859 – Smith Wigglesworth, English evangelist d. 1947
  • 1944 – Mark Belanger, American baseball player d. 1998
  • 1745 – Caspar Wessel, Norwegian-Danish mathematician and cartographer d. 1818
  • 1981 – Rachel Held Evans, American Christian author
  • 1962 – Andreas Keim, German footballer
  • 1935 – Molade Okoya-Thomas, Nigerian businessman and philanthropist d. 2015
  • 1966 – Julianna Margulies, American actress
  • 1990 – Todd Barclay, New Zealand politician
  • 1982 – Dickson Etuhu, Nigerian footballer
  • 1788 – Charles A. Wickliffe, American politician, 14th Governor of Kentucky d. 1869
  • 1976 – Catherine McKinnell, English lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Angelo Amato, Italian cardinal
  • 1918 – John H. Ross, American captain and pilot d. 2013
  • 1894 – Erwin Schulhoff, Czech composer and pianist d. 1942
  • 1593 – George I Rakoczi, prince of Transylvania d. 1648
  • 1931 – Dana Wynter, British actress d. 2011
  • 1955 – Tim Berners-Lee, English computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web
  • 1979 – Alexei Kozlov, Estonian figure skater
  • 1831 – Thomas J. Higgins, Canadian-American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient d. 1917
  • 1912 – Harry Holtzman, American painter d. 1987
  • 1925 – Barbara Bush, American wife of George H. W. Bush, 41st First Lady of the United States d. 2018
  • 1971 – Mark Feuerstein, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1912 – Wilhelmina Barns-Graham, British abstract painter d. 2004
  • 1921 – Suharto, Indonesian soldier and politician, 2nd President of Indonesia d. 2008
  • 1899 – Eugene Lapierre, Canadian organist, composer and arts administrator d. 1970
  • 1962 – Nick Rhodes, English keyboard player and producer
  • 1963 – Antoaneta Todorova, Bulgarian javelin thrower
  • 1989 – Mitchell Schwartz, American football player
  • 1854 – Douglas Cameron, Canadian politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba d. 1921
  • 1916 – Francis Crick, English biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2004
  • 1947 – Eric F. Wieschaus, American biologist, geneticist, and academic Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1936 – Kenneth G. Wilson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2013
  • 1982 – Irina Lazareanu, Romanian-Canadian model and singer
  • 1911 – Edmundo Rivero, Argentinian singer-songwriter d. 1986
  • 1973 – Bryant Reeves, American basketball player
  • 1949 – Hildegard Falck, German runner
  • 1872 – Jan Frans De Boever, Belgian painter and illustrator d. 1949
  • 1985 – Alexandre Despatie, Canadian diver
  • 1917 – Byron White, American football player and judge d. 2002
  • 1979 – Pete Orr, Canadian-American baseball player
  • 1920 – Gwen Harwood, Australian poet and playwright d. 1995
  • 1918 – George Edward Hughes, Irish-New Zealand philosopher and logician d. 1994
  • 1851 – Jacques-Arsene dArsonval, French physician and physicist d. 1940
  • 1968 – Rob Ray, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
  • 1932 – Ian Kirkwood, Lord Kirkwood, Scottish lawyer and judge d. 2017
  • 1950 – Kathy Baker, American actress
  • 1960 – Terje Gewelt, Norwegian bassist
  • 1964 – Butch Reynolds, American runner and coach
  • 1933 – Robert Stevens, English lawyer and academic
  • 1953 – Olav Stedje, Norwegian singer-songwriter
  • 1985 – Rosanna Pansino, American actress, writer and TV personality
  • 1867 – Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect, designed the Price Tower and Fallingwater d. 1959
  • 1961 – Mary Bonauto, American lawyer and gay rights activist
  • 1955 – Jose Antonio Camacho, Spanish footballer and manager
  • 1983 – Coby Karl, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Adine Wilson, New Zealand netball player
  • 1885 – Karl Genzken, German physician d. 1957
  • 1930 – Robert Aumann, German-American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1897 – John G. Bennett, English mathematician and technologist d. 1974
  • 1942 – Nikos Konstantopoulos, Greek politician, Greek Minister of the Interior
  • 1970 – Troy Vincent, American football player
  • 1891 – William Funnell, Australian public servant d. 1962
  • 1810 – Robert Schumann, German composer and critic d. 1856
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1997 – George Turner, Australian author and critic b. 1916
  • 1505 – Hongzhi Emperor of China b. 1470
  • 1998 – Sani Abacha, Nigerian general and politician, 10th President of Nigeria b. 1943
  • 2004 – Charles Hyder, American astrophysicist and academic b. 1930
  • 2012 – Pete Brennan, American basketball player b. 1936
  • 951 – Zhao Ying, Chinese chancellor b. 885
  • 1965 – Edmondo Rossoni, Italian politician b. 1884
  • 1611 – Jean Bertaut, French bishop and poet b. 1552
  • 1835 – Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian economist and jurist b. 1761
  • 2000 – Jeff MacNelly, American cartoonist b. 1948
  • 1476 – George Neville, English archbishop and academic b. 1432
  • 1951 – Eugene Fiset, Canadian physician, general, and politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec b. 1874
  • 2006 – Jaxon, American illustrator and publisher, co-founded Rip Off Press b. 1941
  • 696 – Chlodulf, bishop of Metz or 697
  • 2013 – Paul Cellucci, American soldier and politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts b. 1948
  • 1970 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist and academic b. 1908
  • 2008 – Saban Bajramovic, Serbian singer-songwriter b. 1936
  • 2001 – Alex de Renzy, American director and producer b. 1935
  • 1628 – Rudolph Goclenius, German lexicographer and philosopher b. 1547
  • 1651 – Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shōgun b. 1604
  • 1984 – Gordon Jacob, English composer and academic b. 1895
  • 1290 – Beatrice Portinari, object of Dante Alighieris adoration b. 1266
  • 1768 – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, German archaeologist and scholar b. 1717
  • 2013 – Yoram Kaniuk, Israeli painter, journalist, and critic b. 1930
  • 2014 – Alexander Imich, Polish-American chemist, parapsychologist, and academic b. 1903
  • 1966 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic b. 1890
  • 1405 – Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk b. 1385
  • 1716 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine, German son of Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt b. 1658
  • 1885 – Ignace Bourget, Canadian bishop b. 1799
  • 1945 – Karl Hanke, Polish-German soldier and politician b. 1903
  • 1846 – Rodolphe Topffer, Swiss teacher, author, painter, cartoonist, and caricaturist b. 1799
  • 1612 – Hans Leo Hassler, German organist and composer b. 1562
  • 1924 – George Mallory, English lieutenant and mountaineer b. 1886
  • 2004 – Mack Jones, American baseball player b. 1938
  • 1376 – Edward, the Black Prince, English son of Edward III of England b. 1330
  • 1968 – Elizabeth Enright, American author and illustrator b. 1909
  • 1845 – Andrew Jackson, American general, judge, and politician, 7th President of the United States b. 1767
  • 1976 – Thorleif Schjelderup-Ebbe, Norwegian zoologist and psychologist b. 1894
  • 1727 – August Hermann Francke, German-Lutheran pietist, philanthropist, and scholar b. 1663
  • 2006 – Matta El Meskeen, Egyptian monk, theologian, and author b. 1919
  • 1997 – Karen Wetterhahn, American chemist and academic b. 1948
  • 2013 – Taufiq Kiemas, Indonesian politician, 5th First Spouse of Indonesia b. 1942
  • 2012 – Ghassan Tueni, Lebanese journalist, academic, and politician b. 1926
  • 1969 – Robert Taylor, American actor and singer b. 1911
  • 2015 – Chea Sim, Cambodian commander and politician b. 1932
  • 1969 – Arunachalam Mahadeva, Sri Lankan politician and diplomat b. 1885
  • 1959 – Leslie Johnson, English race car driver b. 1912
  • 1809 – Thomas Paine, English-American theorist and author b. 1737
  • 1154 – William of York, English archbishop and saint
  • 1857 – Douglas William Jerrold, English journalist and playwright b. 1803
  • 1874 – Cochise, American tribal chief b. 1805
  • 2010 – Crispian St. Peters, English singer-songwriter b. 1939
  • 1971 – J.I. Rodale, American author and playwright b. 1898
  • 1956 – Marie Laurencin, French painter and sculptor b. 1883
  • 1771 – George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland b. 1716
  • 2017 – Sam Panopoulos, Greek cook b. 1934
  • 1831 – Sarah Siddons, Welsh actress b. 1755
  • 1982 – Satchel Paige, American baseball player and coach b. 1906
  • 1998 – Maria Reiche, German mathematician and archaeologist b. 1903
  • 1405 – Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of York b. c.1350
  • 1600 – Edward Fortunatus, German nobleman b. 1565
  • 1929 – Bliss Carman, Canadian-American poet and playwright b. 1861
  • 1492 – Elizabeth Woodville, Queen consort of England b. 1437
  • 2012 – Charles E. M. Pearce, New Zealand-Australian mathematician and academic b. 1940
  • 1621 – Anne de Xainctonge, French saint, founded the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursula of the Blessed Virgin b. 1567
  • 1924 – Andrew Irvine, English mountaineer and explorer b. 1902
  • 1383 – Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros, English politician b. 1338
  • 632 – Muhammad, the central figure of Islam, widely regarded as its founder b. 570/571
  • 1968 – Ludovico Scarfiotti, Italian race car driver b. 1933
  • 1384 – Kanami, Japanese actor and playwright b. 1333
  • 1714 – Sophia of Hanover b. 1630
  • 1987 – Alexander Iolas, Egyptian-American art collector b. 1907
  • 1899 – Mary of the Divine Heart, German nun and saint b. 1863
  • 1951 – Oswald Pohl, German SS officer b. 1892
  • 1042 – Harthacnut, English-Danish king b. 1018
  • 1501 – George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly, Earl of Huntly and Lord Chancellor of Scotland b. 1440
  • 2014 – Yoshihito, Prince Katsura of Japan b. 1948
  • 1889 – Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet b. 1844
  • 2009 – Omar Bongo, Gabonese captain and politician, President of Gabon b. 1935
  • 1876 – George Sand, French author and playwright b. 1804
  • 1795 – Louis XVII of France b. 1785
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Blessed Mariam Thresia Chiramel Mankidiyan
  • Christian feast day
  • Melania the Elder
  • June 8 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Jadwiga Hedwig of Poland
  • Jacques Berthieu, S.J.
  • Thomas Ken Church of England
  • William of York
  • Roland Allen Episcopal Church USA)
  • Chlodulf of Metz
  • Medard
  • Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart Droste zu Vischering
  • Engineers Day Peru
  • Bounty Day Norfolk Island
  • World Oceans Day
  • Earliest day on which Queens Birthday can fall, while June 14 is the latest; celebrated on the second Monday in June. Australia, except Western Australia and Queensland
  • World Brain Tumor Day
  • Primoz Trubar Day Slovenia
  • Pranav Sivakumar Day Illinois, United States
  • Caribbean American HIV/AIDS Awareness Day

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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