Топ-100 ⓘ June 12. 1963 – NAACP field secretary Medgar Evers is murder
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ⓘ June 12. 1963 – NAACP field secretary Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith during t ..



June 12
                                     

ⓘ June 12

  • 1963 – NAACP field secretary Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith during the civil rights movement.
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Overlord: American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division secure the town of Carentan, Normandy, France.
  • 1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
  • 1935 – A ceasefire is negotiated between Bolivia and Paraguay, ending the Chaco War.
  • 1942 – Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
  • 1943 – The Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Brzezany, Poland now Berezhany, Ukraine. Around 1.180 Jews are led to the citys old Jewish graveyard and shot.
  • 1653 – First Anglo-Dutch War: The Battle of the Gabbard begins and lasts until June 13.
  • 1991 – Russians first democratically elected Boris Yeltsin as the President of Russia.
  • 1975 – India, Judge Jagmohanlal Sinha of the city of Allahabad ruled that Indias Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had used corrupt practices to win her seat in the Indian Parliament, and that she should be banned from holding any public office. Mrs. Gandhi sent word that she refused to resign.
  • 1939 – The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
  • 1772 – French explorer Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne and 25 of his men killed by Māori in New Zealand.
  • 2009 – A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide-ranging local and international protests.
  • 2017 – American student Otto Warmbier returns home in a coma after spending 17 months in a North Korean prison and dies a week later.
  • 1987 – Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate, U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
  • 1821 – Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, ending the existence of that Sudanese kingdom.
  • 1418 – Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War: Parisians slaughter Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac and his suspected sympathizers, along with all prisoners, foreign bankers, and students and faculty of the College of Navarre.
  • 910 – Battle of Augsburg: The Hungarians defeat the East Frankish army under King Louis the Child, using the famous feigned retreat tactic of the nomadic warriors.
  • 1758 – French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfes attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
  • 1954 – Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him at the time the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church. In 2017 Jacinta and Francisco Marto, aged ten and nine at the time of their deaths, are declared saints.
  • 1429 – Hundred Years War: On the second day of the Battle of Jargeau, Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk.
  • 1775 – American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
  • 1988 – Austral Lineas Aereas Flight 46, a McDonnell Douglas MD-81, crashes short of the runway at Libertador General Jose de San Martin Airport, killing all 22 people on board.
  • 1381 – Peasants Revolt: In England, rebels arrive at Blackheath.
  • 1997 – Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.
  • 1898 – Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines independence from Spain.
  • 1830 – Beginning of the Invasion of Algiers: 34.000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
  • 1979 – Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
  • 1999 – Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force KFor enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • 1964 – Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
  • 1940 – World War II: Thirteen thousand British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
  • 1991 – Kokkadichcholai massacre: The Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village of Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa.
  • 1240 – At the instigation of Louis IX of France, an inter-faith debate, known as the Disputation of Paris, starts between a Christian monk and four rabbis.
  • 1550 – The city of Helsinki, Finland belonging to Sweden at the time is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden.
  • 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch.
  • 1665 – Thomas Willett is appointed the first mayor of New York City.
  • 1864 – American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor: Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their position at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south.
  • 2007 – Analog television stations excluding low-powered stations switch to digital television following the DTV Delay Act.
  • 1993 – An election takes place in Nigeria, presidential seat won by Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola which is later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida.
  • 1776 – The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted.
  • 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman are murdered outside Simpsons home in Los Angeles. Her estranged husband, O.J. Simpson is later charged with the murders, but is acquitted by a jury.
  • 1899 – New Richmond tornado: The eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200.
  • 1914 – Massacre of Phocaea: Turkish irregulars slaughter 50 to 100 Greeks and expel thousands of others in an ethnic cleansing operation in the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1817 – The earliest form of bicycle, the dandy horse, is driven by Karl von Drais.
  • 2016 – Forty-nine civilians are killed and 58 others injured in an attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida; the gunman, Omar Mateen, is killed in a gunfight with police.
  • 1987 – The Central African Republics former Emperor Jean-Bedel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
  • 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
  • 1990 – Russia Day: The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1990 – Jrue Holiday, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Mathieu Schneider, American ice hockey player
  • 1922 – Margherita Hack, Italian astrophysicist and author d. 2013
  • 1980 – Marco Bortolami, Italian rugby player
  • 1798 – Samuel Cooper, American general d. 1876
  • 1987 – Antonio Barragan, Spanish footballer
  • 1964 – Paula Marshall, American actress
  • 1976 – Thomas Sorensen, Danish footballer
  • 1966 – Tom Misteli, Swiss cell biologist
  • 1760 – Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai, French author, playwright, journalist, and politician d. 1797
  • 1915 – Priscilla Lane, American actress d. 1995
  • 1977 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1934 – Kevin Billington, English director and producer
  • 1883 – Fernand Gonder, French pole vaulter d. 1969
  • 1807 – Ante Kuzmanic, Croatian physician and journalist d. 1879
  • 1941 – Roy Harper, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1985 – Blake Ross, American computer programmer, co-created Mozilla Firefox
  • 1963 – Philippe Bugalski, French race car driver d. 2012
  • 1948 – Herbert Meyer, German footballer
  • 1939 – Frank McCloskey, American sergeant and politician d. 2003
  • 1918 – Christie Jayaratnam Eliezer, Sri Lankan-Australian mathematician and academic d. 2001
  • 1934 – John A. Alonzo, American actor and cinematographer d. 2001
  • 1974 – Flavio Conceição, Brazilian footballer
  • 1988 – Mauricio Isla, Chilean footballer
  • 1989 – Emma Eliasson, Swedish ice hockey player
  • 1950 – Oğuz Abadan, Turkish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Frances OConnor, English-Australian actress
  • 1812 – Edmond Hebert, French geologist and academic d. 1890
  • 1964 – Peter Such, Scottish-born, English cricketer
  • 1919 – Uta Hagen, German-American actress and educator d. 2004
  • 1979 – Dallas Clark, American football player
  • 1908 – Marina Semyonova, Russian ballerina and educator d. 2010
  • 1935 – Ian Craig, Australian cricketer d. 2014
  • 1932 – Mamo Wolde, Ethiopian runner d. 2002
  • 1957 – Timothy Busfield, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1928 – Vic Damone, American singer-songwriter and actor d. 2018
  • 1831 – Robert Herbert, English-Australian politician, 1st Premier of Queensland d. 1905
  • 1969 – Hector Garza, Mexican wrestler d. 2013
  • 1858 – Henry Scott Tuke, English painter and photographer d. 1929
  • 1951 – Brad Delp, American musician and singer Boston - RTZ d. 2007
  • 1992 – Philippe Coutinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1960 – Joe Kopicki, American basketball player and coach
  • 1973 – Darryl White, Australian footballer
  • 1965 – Adrian Toole, Australian rugby league player
  • 1979 – Martine Dugrenier, Canadian wrestler
  • 1988 – Dave Melillo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1938 – Tom Oliver, English-Australian actor
  • 1653 – Maria Amalia of Courland, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel d. 1711
  • 1954 – Tim Razzall, Baron Razzall, English lawyer and politician
  • 1986 – Salim Mehajer, Australian politician
  • 1949 – Marc Tardif, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1892 – Djuna Barnes, American novelist, journalist, and playwright d. 1982
  • 1930 – Jim Nabors, American actor and singer d. 2017
  • 1918 – Samuel Z. Arkoff, American film producer d. 2001
  • 1988 – Dakota Morton, Canadian actor and radio host
  • 1968 – Htay Kywe, Burmese activist
  • 1964 – Derek Higgins, Irish race car driver
  • 1577 – Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician d. 1643
  • 1983 – Bryan Habana, South African rugby player
  • 1974 – Hideki Matsui, Japanese baseball player
  • 1984 – Bruno Soriano, Spanish footballer
  • 1964 – Kent Jones, American journalist
  • 1890 – Egon Schiele, Austrian soldier and painter d. 1918
  • 1950 – Michael Fabricant, English politician
  • 1930 – Jim Burke, Australian cricketer d. 1979
  • 1951 – Bun E. Carlos, American drummer
  • 1942 – Bert Sakmann, German physiologist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1819 – Charles Kingsley, English priest, historian, and author d. 1875
  • 1902 – Hendrik Elias, Belgian lawyer and politician, Mayor of Ghent d. 1973
  • 1932 – Mimi Coertse, South African soprano and producer
  • 1929 – Jameel Jalibi, Pakistani linguist and academic
  • 1899 – Weegee, Ukrainian-American photographer and journalist d. 1968
  • 1988 – Eren Derdiyok, Swiss footballer
  • 1941 – Lucille Roybal-Allard, American politician
  • 1959 – John Linnell, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1942 – Len Barry, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1912 – Carl Hovland, American psychologist and academic d. 1961
  • 1858 – Harry Johnston, English botanist and explorer d. 1927
  • 1573 – Robert Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Sussex, soldier d. 1629
  • 1883 – Robert Lowie, Austrian-American anthropologist and academic d. 1957
  • 1980 – Larry Foote, American football player
  • 1912 – Bill Cowley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach d. 1993
  • 950 – Reizei, Japanese emperor d. 1011
  • 1959 – Scott Thompson, Canadian actor and comedian
  • 1978 – Lewis Moody, English rugby player
  • 1951 – Andranik Margaryan, Armenian engineer and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Armenia d. 2007
  • 1941 – Marv Albert, American sportscaster
  • 1711 – Louis Legrand, French priest and theologian d. 1780
  • 1107 – Gao Zong, Chinese emperor d. 1187
  • 1924 – George H. W. Bush, American lieutenant and politician, 41st President of the United States d. 2018
  • 1956 – Terry Alderman, Australian cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1981 – Adriana Lima, Brazilian model and actress
  • 1937 – Chips Moman, American record producer, guitarist, and songwriter d. 2016
  • 1985 – Chris Young, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Ryan Klesko, American baseball player
  • 1908 – Alphonse Ouimet, Canadian broadcaster d. 1988
  • 1946 – Catherine Brechignac, French physicist and academic
  • 1974 – Kerry Kittles, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Bryan Alvarez, American wrestler and journalist
  • 1975 – Stephanie Szostak, French-American actress
  • 1963 – Warwick Capper, Australian footballer, coach, and actor
  • 1686 – Marie-Catherine Homassel Hecquet, French writer d. 1764
  • 1946 – Bobby Gould, English footballer and manager
  • 1976 – Antawn Jamison, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Marc Glanville, Australian rugby league player
  • 1989 – Ibrahim Jeilan, Ethiopian runner
  • 1963 – Tim DeKay, American actor
  • 1958 – Meredith Brooks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian guitarist d. 2007
  • 1920 – Peter Jones, English actor and screenwriter d. 2000
  • 1988 – Artūrs Bērziņs, Latvian basketball player
  • 1952 – Spencer Abraham, American academic and politician, 10th United States Secretary of Energy
  • 1971 – Jerome Romain, Caribbean-Dominican triple jumper and coach
  • 1990 – Kevin Lopez, Spanish runner
  • 1806 – John A. Roebling, German-American engineer, designed the Brooklyn Bridge d. 1869
  • 1992 – Laura Jones, English gymnast
  • 1952 – Pete Farndon, English bass player and songwriter The Pretenders d. 1983
  • 1937 – Antal Festetics, Hungarian-Austrian biologist and zoologist
  • 1982 – Jason David, American football player
  • 1941 – Reg Presley, English singer-songwriter d. 2013
  • 1968 – Bobby Sheehan, American bass player and songwriter d. 1999
  • 1991 – Avisail Garcia, Venezuelan baseball player
  • 1985 – Sam Thaiday, Australian rugby league player
  • 1952 – Junior Brown, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1986 – Harry Taylor, Australian footballer
  • 1895 – Eugenie Brazier, French chef d. 1977
  • 1939 – Ron Lynch, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1953 – Rocky Burnette, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1980 – Ifet Taljevic, German footballer
  • 1802 – Harriet Martineau, English sociologist and author d. 1876
  • 1949 – Jens Bohrnsen, German judge and politician
  • 1968 – Scott Aldred, American baseball player and coach
  • 1914 – Go Seigen, Chinese-Japanese Go player d. 2014
  • 1931 – Trevanian, American author and scholar d. 2005
  • 1910 – Bill Naughton, Irish-English playwright and author d. 1992
  • 1946 – Michel Bergeron, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1777 – Robert Clark, American physician and politician d. 1837
  • 1982 – Diem Brown, German-American journalist and activist d. 2014
  • 1948 – Hans Binder, Austrian race car driver
  • 1800 – Samuel Wright Mardis, American politician d. 1836
  • 1914 – William Lundigan, American actor d. 1975
  • 1888 – Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician and academic d. 1920
  • 1967 – Aivar Kuusmaa, Estonian basketball player and coach
  • 1857 – Maurice Perrault, Canadian architect, engineer, and politician, 15th Mayor of Longueuil d. 1909
  • 1915 – David Rockefeller, American banker and businessman d. 2017
  • 1861 – William Attewell, English cricketer and umpire d. 1927
  • 1976 – Ray Price, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1969 – Heinz-Christian Strache, Austrian politician
  • 1973 – Jason Caffey, American basketball player and coach
  • 1161 – Constance, Duchess of Brittany d. 1201
  • 1957 – Javed Miandad, Pakistani cricketer and coach
  • 1897 – Anthony Eden, English soldier and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 1977
  • 1921 – Christopher Derrick, English author, critic, and academic d. 2007
  • 1937 – Vladimir Arnold, Russian-French mathematician and academic d. 2010
  • 1965 – Cathy Tyson, English actress
  • 1921 – James Archibald Houston, Canadian author and illustrator d. 2005
  • 1983 – Christine Sinclair, Canadian soccer player
  • 1928 – Petros Molyviatis, Greek politician and diplomat, Greek Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • 1864 – Frank Chapman, American ornithologist, photographer, and author d. 1945
  • 1851 – Oliver Lodge, English physicist and academic d. 1940
  • 1935 – Paul Kennedy, English lawyer and judge
  • 1949 – John Wetton, English singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer Asia, King Crimson d. 2017
  • 1963 – Jerry Lynn, American wrestler
  • 1920 – Dave Berg, American soldier and cartoonist d. 2002
  • 1918 – Georgia Louise Harris Brown, African-American architect d. 1999
  • 1795 – John Marston, American sailor d. 1885
  • 1982 – James Tomlinson, English cricketer
  • 1928 – Richard M. Sherman, American composer and director
  • 1564 – John Casimir, Duke of Saxe-Coburg d. 1633
  • 1580 – Adriaen van Stalbemt, Flemish painter d. 1662
  • 1877 – Thomas C. Hart, American admiral and politician d. 1971
  • 1940 – Jacques Brassard, Canadian educator and politician
  • 1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author, best known for Heidi d. 1901
  • 1977 – Wade Redden, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1938 – Jean-Marie Dore, Guinean lawyer and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Guinea d. 2016
  • 1971 – Mark Henry, American weightlifter and wrestler
  • 1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann, German-American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1986
  • 1929 – John McCluskey, Baron McCluskey, Scottish lawyer, judge, and politician, Solicitor General for Scotland d. 2017
  • 1931 – Rona Jaffe, American novelist d. 2005
  • 1982 – Ben Blackwell, American drummer
  • 1905 – Ray Barbuti, American sprinter and football player d. 1988
  • 1983 – Alexander Pipa, German rugby player
  • 1930 – Innes Ireland, Scottish race car driver and engineer d. 1993
  • 1561 – Anna of Wurttemberg, German princess d. 1616
  • 1929 – Brigid Brophy, English author and critic d. 1995
  • 1950 – Sonia Manzano, American actress of Puerto Rican descent, noted for playing Maria on Sesame Street
  • 1979 – Earl Watson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1906 – Sandro Penna, Italian poet d. 1977
  • 1841 – Watson Fothergill, English architect, designed the Woodborough Road Baptist Church d. 1928
  • 1945 – Pat Jennings, Irish footballer and coach
  • 1908 – Otto Skorzeny, German SS officer d. 1975
  • 1984 – James Kwalia, Kenyan-Qatari runner
  • 1987 – Seyi Ajirotutu, American football player
  • 1915 – Christopher Mayhew, English soldier and politician d. 1997
  • 1913 – Jean Victor Allard, Canadian general d. 1996
  • 1916 – Irwin Allen, American director and producer d. 1991
  • 1974 – Jason Mewes, American actor and producer
  • 1843 – David Gill, Scottish-English astronomer and author d. 1914
  • 1981 – Paul Hasleby, Australian footballer
  • 1990 – David Worrall, English footballer
  • 1985 – Kendra Wilkinson, American model, actress, and author
  • 1930 – Donald Byrne, American chess player d. 1976
  • 1965 – Gwen Torrence, American sprinter
  • 1979 – Robyn, Swedish singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer
  • 1937 – Klaus Basikow, German footballer and manager d. 2015
  • 1921 – Luis Garcia Berlanga, Spanish director and screenwriter d. 2010
  • 1519 – Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany d. 1574
  • 1924 – Grete Dollitz, German-American guitarist and radio host d. 2013
  • 1771 – Patrick Gass, American sergeant Lewis and Clark Expedition and author d. 1870
  • 1981 – Raitis Grafs, Latvian basketball player
  • 1916 – Raul Hector Castro, Mexican-American politician and diplomat, 14th Governor of Arizona d. 2015
  • 1979 – Diego Milito, Argentine footballer
  • 1933 – Eddie Adams, American photographer and journalist d. 2004
  • 1962 – Jordan Peterson, Canadian psychologist, professor and cultural critic
  • 1948 – Len Wein, American comic book writer and editor d. 2017
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, German-Dutch diarist; victim of the Holocaust d. 1945
  • 1941 – Chick Corea, American pianist and composer
  • 1775 – Karl Freiherr von Muffling, Prussian field marshal d. 1851
  • 1913 – Desmond Piers, Canadian admiral d. 2005
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1778 – Philip Livingston, American merchant and politician b. 1716
  • 1946 – Mederic Martin, Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal b. 1869
  • 1152 – Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon b. 1114
  • 2006 – Gyorgy Ligeti, Romanian-Hungarian composer and educator b. 1923
  • 1978 – Georg Siimenson, Estonian footballer b. 1912
  • 1980 – Milburn Stone, American actor b. 1904
  • 1294 – John I of Brienne, Count of Eu
  • 1998 – Leo Buscaglia, American author and educator b. 1924
  • 1647 – Thomas Farnaby, English scholar and educator b. 1575
  • 2012 – Henry Hill, American mobster b. 1943
  • 2005 – Scott Young, Canadian journalist and author b. 1918
  • 2000 – Purushottam Laxman Deshpande, Indian actor, director, and producer b. 1919
  • 2014 – Nabil Hemani, Algerian footballer b. 1979
  • 1418 – Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac b. 1360
  • 1983 – Norma Shearer, Canadian-American actress b. 1902
  • 2011 – Carl Gardner, American singer The Coasters b. 1928
  • 1982 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian-German ethologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1886
  • 1952 – Harry Lawson, Australian politician, 27th Premier of Victoria b. 1875
  • 1998 – Theresa Merritt, American actress and singer b. 1922
  • 2000 – Sandro Rosa do Nascimento, Brazilian criminal b. 1978
  • 1966 – Hermann Scherchen, German viola player and conductor b. 1891
  • 2012 – Elinor Ostrom, American political scientist and economist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1933
  • 1997 – Bulat Okudzhava, Russian singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1924
  • 1560 – Imagawa Yoshimoto, Japanese daimyō b. 1519
  • 1734 – James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French-English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire b. 1670
  • 1962 – John Ireland, English composer and educator b. 1879
  • 1995 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist b. 1920
  • 1036 – Tedald, Italian bishop b. 990
  • 1478 – Ludovico III Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua b. 1412
  • 1567 – Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, English politician, Lord Chancellor of England b. 1490
  • 1980 – Billy Butlin, South African-English businessman, founded the Butlins Company b. 1899
  • 1020 – Lyfing, English archbishop b. 999
  • 1560 – Ii Naomori, Japanese warrior b. 1506
  • 1900 – Lucretia Peabody Hale, American journalist and author b. 1820
  • 2014 – Dan Jacobson, South African-English author and critic b. 1929
  • 2013 – Jason Leffler, American race car driver b. 1975
  • 2012 – Frank Walker, Australian judge and politician, 41st Attorney General of New South Wales b. 1942
  • 1144 – Al-Zamakhshari, Persian theologian b. 1075
  • 1978 – Guo Moruo, Chinese historian, author, and poet b. 1892
  • 2006 – Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector b. 1923
  • 2008 – Derek Tapscott, Welsh footballer and manager b. 1932
  • 1904 – Camille of Renesse-Breidbach b. 1836
  • 1982 – Ian McKay, English sergeant, Victoria Cross recipient b. 1953
  • 1980 – Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician, 68th Prime minister of Japan b. 1910
  • 2012 – Pahiño, Spanish footballer b. 1923
  • 2016 – George Voinovich, American politician b. 1936
  • 2006 – Nicky Barr, Australian rugby player and fighter pilot b. 1915
  • 1995 – Pierre Russell, American basketball player b. 1949
  • 1994 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-French rabbi and author b. 1902
  • 1435 – John FitzAlan, 14th Earl of Arundel, English commander b. 1408
  • 796 – Hisham I, Muslim emir b. 757
  • 2016 – Janet Waldo, American actress and voice artist b. 1920
  • 2015 – Patrick Lennox Tierney, American historian and academic b. 1914
  • 1816 – Pierre Augereau, French general b. 1757
  • 2013 – Joseph A. Unanue, American sergeant and businessman b. 1925
  • 1999 – J. F. Powers, American novelist and short story writer b. 1917
  • 2002 – Zena Sutherland, American reviewer of childrens literature b. 1915
  • 1932 – Theo Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands b. 1852
  • 1937 – Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Russian general b. 1893
  • 1841 – Konstantinos Nikolopoulos, Greek composer, archaeologist, and philologist b. 1786
  • 1675 – Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy b. 1634
  • 2010 – Al Williamson, American illustrator b. 1931
  • 1969 – Aleksandr Deyneka, Ukrainian-Russian painter and sculptor b. 1899
  • 2016 – Omar Mateen, American mass murderer b. 1986
  • 2012 – Hector Bianciotti, Argentinian-French journalist and author b. 1930
  • 2002 – Bill Blass, American fashion designer, founded Bill Blass Limited b. 1922
  • 1944 – Erich Marcks, German general b. 1891
  • 2012 – Margarete Mitscherlich-Nielsen, Danish-German psychoanalyst and author b. 1917
  • 1957 – Jimmy Dorsey, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader The Dorsey Brothers and The California Ramblers b. 1904
  • 2014 – Frank Schirrmacher, German journalist b. 1959
  • 1565 – Adrianus Turnebus, French philologist and scholar b. 1512
  • 2011 – Rene Audet, Canadian bishop b. 1920
  • 1990 – Terence ONeill, Baron ONeill of the Maine, English captain and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland b. 1914
  • 1758 – Prince Augustus William of Prussia b. 1722
  • 1266 – Henry II, Prince of Anhalt-Aschersleben b. 1215
  • 1917 – Teresa Carreño, Venezuelan-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and conductor b. 1853
  • 1818 – Egwale Seyon, Ethiopian emperor
  • 1772 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne, French explorer b. 1724
  • 1963 – Medgar Evers, American soldier and activist b. 1925
  • 2015 – Frederick Pei Li, Chinese-American physician and academic b. 1940
  • 1989 – Bruce Hamilton, Australian public servant b. 1911
  • 1524 – Diego Velazquez de Cuellar, Spanish conquistador b. 1465
  • 816 – Pope Leo III b. 750
  • 2003 – Gregory Peck, American actor and political activist b. 1916
  • 918 – Æthelflæd, Mercian daughter of Alfred the Great b. 870
  • 2015 – Fernando Brant, Brazilian journalist, poet, and composer b. 1946
  • 1972 – Dinanath Gopal Tendulkar, Indian writer and documentary filmmaker b. 1909
  • 1912 – Frederic Passy, French economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1822
  • 2008 – Miroslav Dvoeak, Czech ice hockey player b. 1951
  • 2013 – Teresita Barajuen, Spanish nun b. 1908
  • 1972 – Edmund Wilson, American critic, essayist, and editor b. 1895
  • 1968 – Herbert Read, English poet and critic b. 1893
  • 1976 – Gopinath Kaviraj, Indian philosopher and scholar b. 1887
  • 1668 – Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge, English politician b. 1599
  • 2012 – Medin Zhega, Albanian footballer and manager b. 1946
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Blessed Hildegard Burjan
  • John of Sahagun
  • Pope Leo III
  • Onuphrius
  • Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor and Nazarius
  • June 12 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • 108 Martyrs of World War II
  • Christian feast day
  • Enmegahbowh Episcopal Church
  • First Ecumenical Council Lutheran
  • Gaspar Bertoni
  • Chaco Armistice Day Paraguay
  • Eskil
  • Ternan
  • Dia dos Namorados Brazil
  • World Day Against Child Labour, and its related observances
  • Russia Day Russia
  • Independence Day, celebrates the independence of the Philippines from Spain in 1898.
  • Helsinki Day Finland
  • Childrens Day Haiti
  • June 12 Commemoration Lagos State
  • Loving Day United States
  • June 12, 1999 NATO Troops enter in Kosova- June 12 is marked as Liberation Day of Kosova.

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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