Топ-100 ⓘ July 25. 1956 – Forty-five miles south of Nantucket Island,
Back

ⓘ July 25. 1956 – Forty-five miles south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog and sinks the ne ..



July 25
                                     

ⓘ July 25

  • 1956 – Forty-five miles south of Nantucket Island, the Italian ocean liner SS Andrea Doria collides with the MS Stockholm in heavy fog and sinks the next day, killing 51.
  • 1799 – At Abu Qir in Egypt, Napoleon I of France defeats 10.000 Ottomans under Mustafa Pasha.
  • 1853 – Joaquin Murrieta, the famous Californio bandit known as the "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
  • 1278 – The naval Battle of Algeciras takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista resulting in a victory for the Emirate of Granada and the Maranid Dynasty over the Kingdom of Castile.
  • 1957 – The Republic of Tunisia is proclaimed, under President Habib Bourguiba.
  • 1942 – The Norwegian Manifesto calls for nonviolent resistance to the German occupation.
  • 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The wars last action, the Siege of Cuddalore, is ended by a preliminary peace agreement.
  • 2000 – Concorde Air France Flight 4590 crashes at Paris Charles de Gaulle airport, killing 113 people.
  • 1538 – The city of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil.
  • 1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 takes the famous Face on Mars photo.
  • 1603 – James VI of Scotland is crowned king of England James I of England, bringing the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would occur in 1707.
  • 1693 – Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
  • 315 – The Arch of Constantine is completed near the Colosseum in Rome to commemorate Constantine Is victory over Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge.
  • 1894 – The First Sino-Japanese War begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese warship.
  • 1965 – Bob Dylan goes electric at the Newport Folk Festival, signaling a major change in folk and rock music.
  • 1866 – The United States Congress passes legislation authorizing the rank of General of the Army. Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first to be promoted to this rank.
  • 2019 – National extreme heat records set this day in the UK, Belgium and Germany during the July 2019 European heat wave
  • 1944 – World War II: Operation Spring is one of the bloodiest days for the First Canadian Army during the war.
  • 1983 – Black July: Thirty-seven Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo are massacred by the fellow Sinhalese prisoners.
  • 1554 – Mary I marries Philip II of Spain at Winchester Cathedral.
  • 2010 – WikiLeaks publishes classified documents about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks in U.S. military history.
  • 1984 – Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a space walk.
  • 1797 – Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife Spain.
  • 1547 – Henry II of France is crowned.
  • 1536 – Sebastian de Belalcazar on his search of El Dorado founds the city of Santiago de Cali.
  • 1814 – War of 1812: An American attack on Canada is repulsed.
  • 1978 – Puerto Rican police shoot two nationalists in the Cerro Maravilla murders.
  • 1898 – In the Puerto Rican Campaign, the United States seizes Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1979 – Another section of the Sinai Peninsula is peacefully returned by Israel to Egypt.
  • 1996 – In a military coup in Burundi, Pierre Buyoya deposes Sylvestre Ntibantunganya.
  • 1137 – Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Prince Louis, later King Louis VII of France, at the Cathedral of Saint-Andre in Bordeaux.
  • 1609 – The English ship Sea Venture, en route to Virginia, is deliberately driven ashore during a storm at Bermuda to prevent its sinking; the survivors go on to found a new colony there.
  • 1792 – The Brunswick Manifesto is issued to the population of Paris promising vengeance if the French royal family is harmed.
  • 1993 – The Saint James Church massacre occurs in Kenilworth, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • 1755 – British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the deportation of the Acadians.
  • 1961 – Cold War: In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.
  • 1978 – Birth of Louise Joy Brown, the first human to have been born after conception by in vitro fertilisation, or IVF.
  • 1993 – Israel launches a massive attack against Lebanon in what the Israelis call Operation Accountability, and the Lebanese call the Seven-Day War.
  • 1467 – The Battle of Molinella: The first battle in Italy in which firearms are used extensively.
  • 1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini is forced out of office by the Grand Council of Fascism and is replaced by Pietro Badoglio.
  • 1722 – Dummers War begins along the Maine-Massachusetts border.
  • 1567 – Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
  • 864 – The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.
  • 1934 – The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.
  • 1261 – The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine Empire.
  • 2007 – Pratibha Patil is sworn in as Indias first female president.
  • 1837 – The first commercial use of an electrical telegraph is successfully demonstrated in London by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone.
  • 1915 – RFC Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British pursuit aviator to earn the Victoria Cross.
  • 1593 – Henry IV of France publicly converts from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
  • 1869 – The Japanese daimyōs begin returning their land holdings to the emperor as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. Traditional Japanese Date: June 17, 1869.
  • 677 – Climax of the Siege of Thessalonica by the Slavs in a three-day assault on the city walls.
  • 1824 – Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.
  • 1958 – The African Regroupment Party PRA holds its first congress in Cotonou.
  • 1909 – Louis Bleriot makes the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier-than-air machine from Calais to Dover, England, United Kingdom in 37 minutes.
  • 1139 – Battle of Ourique: The Almoravids, led by Ali ibn Yusuf, are defeated by Prince Afonso Henriques who is proclaimed King of Portugal.
  • 1995 – A gas bottle explodes in Saint Michel station of line B of the RER Paris regional train network. Eight are killed and 80 wounded.
  • 1868 – The Wyoming Territory is established.
  • 306 – Constantine I is proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
  • 1788 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his Symphony No. 40 in G minor K550.
  • 1908 – Ajinomoto is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in kombu soup stock is monosodium glutamate MSG, and patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • 1759 – French and Indian War: In Western New York, British forces capture Fort Niagara from the French, who subsequently abandon Fort Rouille.
  • 2018 – As-Suwayda attacks: Coordinated attacks occur in Syria
  • 1969 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This is the start of the "Vietnamization" of the war.
  • 1925 – Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union TASS is established.
  • 1946 – Nuclear weapons testing: Operation Crossroads: An atomic bomb is detonated underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll.
  • 1917 – Sir Robert Borden introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%.
  • 1994 – Israel and Jordan sign the Washington Declaration, that formally ends the state of war that had existed between the nations since 1948.
  • 1940 – General Henri Guisan orders the Swiss Army to resist German invasion and makes surrender illegal.
  • 1973 – Soviet Mars 5 space probe is launched.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Crittenden–Johnson Resolution, stating that the war is being fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1935 – Lars Werner, Swedish lawyer and politician d. 2013
  • 1930 – Annie Ross, Scottish-American singer and actress
  • 1968 – Shi Tao, Chinese journalist and poet
  • 1946 – Rita Marley, Cuban-Jamaican singer
  • 1902 – Eric Hoffer, American philosopher and author d. 1983
  • 1964 – Anne Applebaum, American journalist and author
  • 1973 – Kevin Phillips, English footballer
  • 1920 – Rosalind Franklin, English biophysicist, chemist, and academic d. 1958
  • 1971 – Tracy Murray, American basketball player
  • 1959 – Fyodor Cherenkov, Russian footballer and manager d. 2014
  • 1981 – Jani Rita, Finnish ice hockey player
  • 1960 – Māris Martinsons, Latvian film director, producer, screenwriter, and editor
  • 1937 – Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, English archaeologist and academic
  • 1951 – Jack Thompson, American lawyer and activist
  • 1986 – Abraham Gneki Guie, Ivorian footballer
  • 1955 – Iman, Somalian-English model and actress
  • 1917 – Fritz Honegger, Swiss lawyer and politician d. 1999
  • 1936 – Gerry Ashmore, English race car driver
  • 1165 – Ibn Arabi, Andalusian Sufi mystic, poet, and philosopher d. 1240
  • 1753 – Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires, French-Spanish captain and politician, 10th Viceroy of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata d. 1810
  • 1978 – Louise Brown, first human to be born via IVF
  • 1921 – Adolph Herseth, American soldier and trumpet player d. 2013
  • 1950 – Mark Clarke, English singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1978 – Gerard Warren, American football player
  • 1486 – Albrecht VII, Duke of Mecklenburg d. 1547
  • 1979 – Ali Carter, English snooker player
  • 1930 – Alice Parizeau, Polish-Canadian journalist and criminologist d. 1990
  • 1974 – Kenzo Suzuki, Japanese rugby player and wrestler
  • 1984 – Loukas Mavrokefalidis, Greek basketball player
  • 1946 – Jose Areas, Nicaraguan drummer
  • 1291 – Hawys Gadarn, Welsh noblewoman d. 1353
  • 1905 – Denys Watkins-Pitchford, English author and illustrator d. 1990
  • 1957 – Steve Podborski, Canadian skier
  • 1925 – Jerry Paris, American actor and director d. 1986
  • 1450 – Jakob Wimpfeling, Renaissance humanist d. 1528
  • 1906 – Johnny Hodges, American saxophonist and clarinet player d. 1970
  • 1962 – Doug Drabek, American baseball player and coach
  • 1683 – Pieter Langendijk, Dutch playwright and poet d. 1756
  • 1924 – Frank Church, American lawyer and politician d. 1984
  • 1905 – Georges Grignard, French race car driver d. 1977
  • 1972 – David Penna, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1987 – Fernando, Brazilian footballer
  • 1974 – Julia Laffranque, Estonian lawyer and judge
  • 1908 – Bill Bowes, English cricketer d. 1987
  • 1556 – George Peele, English translator, poet, and dramatist d. 1596
  • 1878 – Masaharu Anesaki, Japanese philosopher and scholar d. 1949
  • 1973 – Igli Tare, Albanian footballer
  • 1935 – Barbara Harris, American actress and singer d. 2018
  • 1980 – Shawn Riggans, American baseball player
  • 1901 – Mohammed Helmy, Egyptian physician and Righteous Among the Nations d.1982
  • 1997 – Nat Butcher, Australian rugby league player
  • 1404 – Philip I, Duke of Brabant d. 1430
  • 1979 – Tom Lungley, English cricketer and umpire
  • 1927 – Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani politician, 10th Governor of Punjab d. 2000
  • 1955 – Randall Bewley, American guitarist and songwriter d. 2009
  • 1971 – Roger Creager, American singer-songwriter
  • 1882 – George S. Rentz, American commander d. 1942
  • 1941 – Nate Thurmond, American basketball player d. 2016
  • 1958 – Thurston Moore, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1109 – Afonso I, king of Portugal d. 1185
  • 1926 – Bernard Thompson, British television producer and director d. 1998
  • 1896 – Jack Perrin, American actor and stuntman d. 1967
  • 1896 – Josephine Tey, Scottish author and playwright d. 1952
  • 1964 – Tony Granato, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1573 – Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and Jesuit d. 1650
  • 1857 – Frank J. Sprague, American naval officer and inventor d. 1934
  • 1981 – Constantinos Charalambidis, Cypriot footballer
  • 1905 – Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss novelist, playwright, and memoirist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1994
  • 1989 – Natalia Vieru, Russian basketball player
  • 1954 – Ken Greer, Canadian guitarist, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1985 – Nelson Piquet Jr., Brazilian race car driver
  • 1953 – Robert Zoellick, American banker and politician, 14th United States Deputy Secretary of State
  • 1960 – Alain Robidoux, Canadian snooker player
  • 1943 – Erika Steinbach, Polish-German politician
  • 1941 – Manny Charlton, Spanish-born Scottish rock musician and songwriter
  • 1261 – Arthur II, Duke of Brittany d. 1312
  • 1927 – Midge Decter, American journalist and author
  • 1975 – Jody Craddock, English footballer and coach
  • 1962 – Carin Bakkum, Dutch tennis player
  • 1975 – El Zorro, Mexican wrestler
  • 1797 – Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel d. 1889
  • 1988 – John Goossens, Dutch footballer
  • 1931 – James Butler, English sculptor and educator
  • 1918 – Jane Frank, American painter and sculptor d. 1986
  • 1981 – Conor Casey, American soccer player
  • 1924 – Scotch Taylor, South African cricketer and hockey player d. 2004
  • 1942 – Bruce Woodley, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1941 – Emmett Till, American lynching victim d. 1955
  • 1928 – Nils Taube, Estonian-English businessman d. 2008
  • 1967 – Ruth Peetoom, Dutch minister and politician
  • 1925 – Dick Passwater, American race car driver
  • 1866 – Frederick Blackman, English physiologist and academic d. 1947
  • 1336 – Albert I, Duke of Bavaria d. 1404
  • 1935 – Larry Sherry, American baseball player and coach d. 2006
  • 1870 – Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator d. 1966
  • 1983 – Nenad Krstic, Serbian basketball player
  • 1954 – Jochem Ziegert, German footballer and manager
  • 1935 – Gilbert Parent, Canadian educator and politician, 33rd Speaker of the House of Commons of Canada d. 2009
  • 1929 – Eddie Mazur, Canadian ice hockey player d. 1995
  • 1016 – Casimir I the Restorer, duke of Poland d. 1058
  • 1605 – Theodore Haak, German scholar d. 1690
  • 1916 – Lucien Saulnier, Canadian lawyer and politician d. 1989
  • 1964 – Breuk Iversen, American designer and journalist
  • 1839 – Francis Garnier, French captain and explorer d. 1873
  • 1421 – Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician d. 1461
  • 1969 – Annastacia Palaszczuk, Australian politician, 39th Premier of Queensland
  • 1959 – Geoffrey Zakarian, American chef and author
  • 1936 – Glenn Murcutt, English-Australian architect and academic
  • 1932 – Paul J. Weitz, American captain, pilot, and astronaut d. 2017
  • 1867 – Alexander Rummler, American painter d. 1959
  • 1981 – Mac Lethal, American rapper and producer
  • 1988 – Paulinho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1953 – Joseph A. Tunzi, Chicago based author, foremost expert on Elvis Presley
  • 1963 – Denis Coderre, Canadian politician, 44th Mayor of Montreal
  • 1990 – Thodoris Karapetsas, Greek footballer
  • 1750 – Henry Knox, American general and politician, 1st United States Secretary of War d. 1806
  • 1946 – P. Selvarasa, Sri Lankan politician
  • 1944 – Sally Beauman, English journalist and author d. 2016
  • 975 – Thietmar, bishop of Merseburg d. 1018
  • 1915 – S. U. Ethirmanasingham, Sri Lankan businessman and politician
  • 1985 – James Lafferty, American actor and athlete
  • 1966 – Daryl Halligan, New Zealand rugby player and sportscaster
  • 1934 – Claude Zidi, French director and screenwriter
  • 1987 – Mitchell Burgzorg, Dutch footballer and rapper
  • 1869 – Platon, Estonian bishop and saint d. 1919
  • 1921 – Lionel Terray, French mountaineer d. 1965
  • 1977 – Kenny Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Dale Shearer, Australian rugby league player
  • 1908 – Jack Gilford, American actor d. 1990
  • 1925 – Jutta Zilliacus, Finnish journalist and politician
  • 1844 – Thomas Eakins, American painter, sculptor, and photographer d. 1916
  • 1927 – Daniel Ceccaldi, French actor, director, and screenwriter d. 2003
  • 1987 – Richard Bachman, American ice hockey player
  • 1935 – Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian businessman d. 2017
  • 1973 – Dani Filth, English singer-songwriter
  • 1806 – Maria Weston Chapman, American abolitionist d. 1885
  • 1894 – Walter Brennan, American actor d. 1974
  • 1915 – Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot d. 1944
  • 1930 – Maureen Forrester, Canadian actress and singer d. 2010
  • 1923 – Maria Gripe, Swedish journalist and author d. 2007
  • 1976 – Javier Vazquez, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1981 – Yūichi Komano, Japanese footballer
  • 1927 – Jean-Marie Seroney, Kenyan activist and politician d. 1982
  • 1946 – Nicole Farhi, French fashion designer and sculptor
  • 1929 – Judd Buchanan, Canadian businessman and politician, 36th Canadian Minister of Public Works
  • 1928 – Mario Montenegro, Filipino actor d. 1988
  • 1562 – Katō Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord d. 1611
  • 1926 – Whitey Lockman, American baseball player, coach, and manager d. 2009
  • 1975 – Evgeni Nabokov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 1901 – Ruth Krauss, American author and poet d. 1993
  • 1954 – Walter Payton, American football player and race car driver d. 1999
  • 1847 – Paul Langerhans, German pathologist, physiologist and biologist d. 1888
  • 1923 – Edgar Gilbert, American mathematician and theorist d. 2013
  • 1975 – Brian Gibson, American bass player
  • 1867 – Max Dauthendey, German author and painter d. 1918
  • 1952 – Eduardo Souto de Moura, Portuguese architect, designed the Estadio Municipal de Braga
  • 1987 – Eran Zahavi, Israeli footballer
  • 1633 – Joseph Williamson, English politician d. 1701
  • 1982 – Brad Renfro, American actor and musician d. 2008
  • 1940 – Richard Ballantine, American-English journalist and author d. 2013
  • 1988 – Stacey Kemp, English skater
  • 1956 – Frances Arnold, American scientist and engineer
  • 1908 – Ambroise-Marie Carre, French priest and author d. 2004
  • 1581 – Brian Twyne, English archivist d. 1644
  • 1976 – Marcos Assunção, Brazilian footballer
  • 1848 – Arthur Balfour, Scottish-English lieutenant and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of the United Kingdom d. 1930
  • 1926 – Beatriz Segall, Brazilian actress d. 2018
  • 1943 – Jim McCarty, English singer and drummer
  • 1966 – Maureen Herman, American bass player
  • 1992 – Sergei Simonov, Russian ice hockey player d. 2016
  • 1969 – Jon Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Justice Howard, American photographer
  • 1394 – James I, king of Scotland d. 1437
  • 1654 – Agostino Steffani, Italian composer and diplomat d. 1728
  • 1929 – Somnath Chatterjee, Indian lawyer and politician, 14th Speaker of the Lok Sabha d. 2018
  • 1928 – Dolphy, Filipino actor, singer, and producer d. 2012
  • 1957 – Mark Hunter, English politician
  • 1498 – Hernando de Aragon, Archbishop of Zaragoza d. 1575
  • 1966 – Diana Johnson, English politician
  • 1895 – Ingeborg Spangsfeldt, Danish actress d. 1968
  • 1974 – Lauren Faust, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1975 – Jean-Claude Darcheville, Guianan-French footballer
  • 1987 – Jax Jones, English DJ, singer and songwriter
  • 1951 – Verdine White, American bass player and producer
  • 1946 – Ljupka Dimitrovska, Macedonian-Croatian pop singer d. 2016
  • 1658 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish general d. 1703
  • 1894 – Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian Serb revolutionary d. 1918
  • 1988 – Tom Hiariej, Dutch footballer
  • 1657 – Philipp Heinrich Erlebach, German composer d. 1714
  • 1930 – Herbert Scarf, American economist and academic d. 2015
  • 1967 – Tommy Skjerven, Norwegian footballer and referee
  • 1982 – Jason Dundas, Australian TV host
  • 1980 – Scott Waldrom, New Zealand rugby player
  • 1986 – Hulk, Brazilian footballer
  • 1956 – Andy Goldsworthy, English-Scottish sculptor and photographer
  • 1930 – Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer and manager d. 1985
  • 1925 – Benny Benjamin, American R&B drummer The Funk Brothers d. 1969
  • 1883 – Alfredo Casella, Italian pianist, composer, and conductor d. 1947
  • 1991 – Toni Duggan, English footballer
  • 1958 – Alexei Filippenko, American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1946 – John Gibson, American radio host
  • 1965 – Illeana Douglas, American actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1968 – Rudi Bryson, South African cricketer
  • 1875 – Jim Corbett, Indian hunter, environmentalist, and author d. 1955
  • 1988 – Anthony Stokes, Irish footballer
  • 1948 – Steve Goodman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 1984
  • 1980 – Toni Vilander, Finnish race car driver
  • 1934 – Don Ellis, American trumpet player and composer d. 1978
  • 1976 – Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan, Macedonian poet and critic
  • 1923 – Estelle Getty, American actress d. 2008
  • 1963 – Julian Hodgson, Welsh chess player
  • 1532 – Alphonsus Rodriguez, Jesuit lay brother and saint d. 1617
  • 1901 – Lila Lee, American actress and singer d. 1973
  • 1980 – David Wachs, American actor and producer
  • 1965 – Marty Brown, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Billy Wagner, American baseball player and coach
  • 1954 – Sheena McDonald, Scottish journalist
  • 1886 – Edward Cummins, American golfer d. 1926
  • 1914 – Woody Strode, American football player and actor d. 1994
  • 1967 – Matt LeBlanc, American actor and producer
  • 1935 – John Robinson, American football player and coach
  • 1865 – Jac. P. Thijsse, Dutch botanist and conservationist d. 1945
  • 1985 – Hugo Rodallega, Colombian footballer
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 1942 – Fred Englehardt, American triple jumper b. 1879
  • 1831 – Maria Szymanowska, Polish composer and pianist b. 1789
  • 2012 – B. R. Ishara, Indian director and screenwriter b. 1934
  • 2005 – Albert Mangelsdorff, German trombonist b. 1928
  • 1572 – Isaac Luria, Ottoman rabbi and mystic b. 1534
  • 1980 – Vladimir Vysotsky, Russian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor b. 1938
  • 2013 – William J. Guste, American lawyer and politician b. 1922
  • 1958 – Otto Lasanen, Finnish wrestler b. 1891
  • 1842 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French physician and surgeon b. 1766
  • 1865 – James Barry, English soldier and surgeon b. 1799
  • 1959 – Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, Polish-born Irish rabbi and author b. 1888
  • 2009 – Vernon Forrest, American boxer b. 1971
  • 1934 – Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian politician, 14th Chancellor of Austria b. 1892
  • 2003 – John Schlesinger, English actor, director, producer, and screenwriter b. 1926
  • 2004 – John Passmore, Australian philosopher and academic b. 1914
  • 1492 – Innocent VIII, pope of the Catholic Church b. 1432
  • 1643 – Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, English general and politician b. 1584
  • 1834 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English philosopher, poet, and critic b. 1772
  • 1790 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educator and reformer b. 1723
  • 1887 – John Taylor, American religious leader, 3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints b. 1808
  • 1963 – Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist and academic b. 1877
  • 2018 – Sergio Marchionne, Italian-Canadian businessman b. 1952
  • 1982 – Hal Foster, Canadian-American author and illustrator b. 1892
  • 1616 – Andreas Libavius, German physician and chemist b. 1550
  • 1984 – Big Mama Thornton, American singer-songwriter b. 1926
  • 1981 – Rosa A. Gonzalez, Puerto Rican nurse, author, feminist, and activist b. 1889
  • 1934 – François Coty, French businessman, founded Coty, Inc. b. 1874
  • 2008 – Jeff Fehring, Australian footballer b. 1955
  • 1681 – Urian Oakes, English-American minister and educator b. 1631
  • 1409 – Martin I, king of Sicily b. 1376
  • 2008 – Randy Pausch, American computer scientist and educator b. 1960
  • 1472 – Charles of Artois, French nobleman b. 1394
  • 1861 – Jonas Furrer, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss Confederation b. 1805
  • 1564 – Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor b. 1503
  • 2013 – Walter De Maria, American sculptor, illustrator, and composer b. 1935
  • 2015 – Jacques Andreani, French diplomat, French ambassador to the United States b. 1929
  • 2009 – Stanley Middleton, English author b. 1919
  • 2014 – Richard Larter, Australian painter and illustrator b. 1929
  • 1997 – Ben Hogan, American golfer b. 1912
  • 1011 – Ichijō, emperor of Japan b. 980
  • 2015 – Bob Kauffman, American basketball player and coach b. 1946
  • 2017 – Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1944
  • 1791 – Isaac Low, American merchant and politician b. 1735
  • 1998 – Evangelos Papastratos, Greek businessman, co-founded Papastratos b. 1910
  • 1971 – John Meyers, American swimmer and water polo player b. 1880
  • 1967 – Konstantinos Parthenis, Egyptian-Greek painter b. 1878
  • 1794 – Jean-Antoine Roucher, French poet and author b. 1745
  • 1952 – Herbert Murrill, English organist and composer b. 1909
  • 1986 – Vincente Minnelli, American director and screenwriter b. 1903
  • 306 – Constantius Chlorus, Roman emperor b. 250
  • 1973 – Louis St. Laurent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Canada b. 1882
  • 2012 – Franz West, Austrian painter and sculptor b. 1947
  • 2007 – Bernd Jakubowski, German footballer and manager b. 1952
  • 2002 – Abdel Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher and poet b. 1917
  • 885 – Ragenold, margrave of Neustria
  • 1962 – Thibaudeau Rinfret, Canadian lawyer and jurist, 9th Chief Justice of Canada b. 1879
  • 2012 – Greg Mohns, American-Canadian football player and coach b. 1950
  • 2015 – R. S. Gavai, Indian lawyer and politician, 18th Governor of Kerala b. 1929
  • 2012 – Barry Langford, English director and producer b. 1926
  • 1608 – Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer b. 1556
  • 2009 – Harry Patch, English soldier b. 1898
  • 2006 – Ezra Fleischer, Romanian-Israeli poet and philologist b. 1928
  • 2014 – Bel Kaufman, German-American author and academic b. 1911
  • 2008 – Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic b. 1919
  • 1790 – William Livingston, American soldier and politician, 1st Governor of New Jersey b. 1723
  • 2019 – Beji Caid Essebsi, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Tunisia b. 1926
  • 1966 – Frank OHara, American poet and critic b. 1926
  • 1995 – Charlie Rich, American singer-songwriter b. 1932
  • 1794 – Andre Chenier, Greek-French poet and author b. 1762
  • 2000 – Rudi FaSnacht, German footballer, coach, and manager b. 1934
  • 1190 – Sibylla, queen of Jerusalem
  • 1471 – Thomas à Kempis, German priest and mystic
  • 2013 – Hugh Huxley, English-American biologist and academic b. 1924
  • 2003 – Ludwig Bolkow, German engineer b. 1912
  • 1984 – Bryan Hextall, Canadian ice hockey player b. 1913
  • 1992 – Alfred Drake, American actor and singer b. 1914
  • 1843 – Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and engineer b. 1766
  • 1971 – Leroy Robertson, American composer and educator b. 1896
  • 1991 – Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician b. 1893
  • 1794 – Friedrich von der Trenck, Prussian adventurer and author b. 1726
  • 1826 – Kondraty Ryleyev, Russian poet and publisher b. 1795
  • 1988 – Judith Barsi, American child actress b. 1978
  • 2011 – Michael Cacoyannis, Cypriot-Greek director, producer, and screenwriter b. 1922
  • 1989 – Steve Rubell, American businessman, co-owner of Studio 54 b. 1943
  • 1973 – Amy Jacques Garvey, Jamaican-American journalist and activist b. 1895
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Christopher Western Christianity
  • Julian of Le Mans translation
  • John I Agnus
  • Cucuphas
  • Magnerich of Trier
  • James the Great Western Christianity
  • Anne Eastern Christianity
  • Glodesind
  • July 25 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Christian feast day
  • Earliest day on which National Tree Planting Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. Australia
  • National Day of Galicia
  • Puerto Rico Constitution Day Puerto Rico
  • Republic Day Tunisia
  • Guanacaste Day Costa Rica
  • Earliest day on which Navy Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. Russia
  • National Bahai Day Jamaica
  • Earliest day on which Fathers Day can fall, while July 31 is the latest; celebrated on last Sunday in July. Dominican Republic

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →