Топ-100 ⓘ August 12 is the 224th day of the year in the Gregorian cale
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ⓘ August 12 is the 224th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 141 days remain until the end of the year. It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower. It is ..



                                     

ⓘ August 12

August 12 is the 224th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 141 days remain until the end of the year.

It is the peak of the Perseid meteor shower. It is also known as the "Glorious Twelfth" in the United Kingdom, as it marks the traditional start of the grouse shooting season.

                                     

1. Events

  • 1977 – The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • 1164 – Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din Zangi defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1944 – Waffen-SS troops massacre 560 people in SantAnna di Stazzema.
  • 1964 – South Africa is banned from the Olympic Games due to the countrys racist policies.
  • 1976 – Between 1.000 and 3.500 Palestinians are killed in the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, one of the bloodiest events of the Lebanese Civil War.
  • 2000 – The Russian Navy submarine Kursk explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise, killing her entire 118-man crew.
  • 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • 2017 - Heather Heyer is killed and numerous others are wounded when James Alex Fields Jr. rammed his vehicle into a crowd of counter-protesters during a white supremacist Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia.
  • 1121 – Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • 1831 – French intervention forces William I of the Netherlands to abandon his attempt to suppress the Belgian Revolution.
  • 1624 – The president of Louis XIII of Frances royal council is arrested, leaving Cardinal Richelieu in the role of the Kings principal minister.
  • 1944 – Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.
  • 1793 – The Rhone and Loire departments are created when the former departement of Rhone-et-Loire is split into two.
  • 1960 – Echo 1A, NASAs first successful communications satellite, is launched.
  • 2015 – At least two massive explosions kill 173 people and injure nearly 800 more in Tianjin, China.
  • 1765 – Treaty of Allahabad is signed. The Treaty marks the political and constitutional involvement and the beginning of Company rule in India.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.
  • 1851 – Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • 1687 – Battle of Mohacs: Charles of Lorraine defeats the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1323 – Signature of the Treaty of Noteborg between Sweden and Novgorod Republic, which regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.
  • 1676 – Praying Indian John Alderman shoots and kills Metacomet, the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philips War.
  • 1953 – The first testing of a real thermonuclear weapon not test devices: The Soviet atomic bomb project continues with the detonation of "RDS-6s" Joe 4, the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb.
  • 1499 – First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • 1806 – Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires re-takes the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina after the first British invasion.
  • 1914 – World War I: The United Kingdom declares war on Austria-Hungary; the countries of the British Empire follow suit.
  • 1865 – Joseph Lister, British surgeon and scientist, performs 1st antiseptic surgery.
  • 1948 – Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • 1952 – The Night of the Murdered Poets: Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre: 75 American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.
  • 1977 – The Sri Lanka Riots, targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamils, begin, less than a month after the United National Party came to power. Over 300 Tamils are killed.
  • 1994 – Major League Baseball players go on strike, forcing the cancellation of the 1994 World Series.
  • 1914 – World War I: The Battle of Halen a.k.a. Battle of the Silver Helmets a clash between large Belgian and German cavalry formations at Halen, Belgium.
  • 1969 – Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
  • 1985 – Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes into Osutaka ridge in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, killing 520, to become the worst single-plane air disaster.
  • 1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from Iolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.
  • 1953 – The 7.2 M s   Ionian earthquake shakes the southern Ionian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X Extreme. Between 445 and 800 people are killed.
  • 1883 – The last quagga dies at the Natura Artis Magistra, a zoo in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1992 – Canada, Mexico and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA.
  • 1944 – Nazi German troops end the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40.000 people are killed indiscriminately or in mass executions.
  • 1990 – Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
  • 2018 – Thirty-nine civilians, including a dozen children, are killed in an explosion at a weapons depot in a rebel-held town in northwest Syria.
                                     

2. Births

  • 1686 – John Balguy, English philosopher and author d. 1748
  • 1939 – Roy Romanow, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Saskatchewan
  • 1773 – Karl Faber, Prussian historian and academic d. 1853
  • 1762 – George IV of the United Kingdom d. 1830
  • 1910 – Yusof bin Ishak, Singaporean journalist and politician, 1st President of Singapore d. 1970
  • 1969 – Stuart Williams, Nevisian cricketer
  • 1965 – Peter Krause, American actor
  • 1902 – Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician, 1st Vice President of Indonesia d. 1980
  • 1989 – Sunye, South Korean singer
  • 1972 – Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer
  • 1949 – Lou Martin, Northern Irish pianist, songwriter, and producer d. 2012
  • 1963 – Kōji Kitao, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 60th Yokozuna
  • 1926 – John Derek, American actor, director, and cinematographer d. 1998
  • 1925 – George Wetherill, American physicist and academic d. 2006
  • 1939 – Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, 37th Prime Minister of Nepal d. 2016
  • 1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist, co-founded the Guinness World Records d. 1975
  • 1956 – Sidath Wettimuny, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1954 – Leung Chun-ying, Hong Kong businessman and politician, 3rd Chief Executive of Hong Kong
  • 1980 – Dominique Swain, American actress
  • 1866 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish playwright, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1954
  • 1977 – Park Yong-ha, South Korean actor d. 2010
  • 1887 – Erwin Schrodinger, Austrian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1961
  • 1975 – Casey Affleck, American actor
  • 1990 – Mario Balotelli, Italian footballer
  • 1933 – Frederic Lindsay, Scottish author and educator d. 2013
  • 1957 – Friedhelm Schutte, German footballer
  • 1974 – Karl Stefanovic, Australian television host
  • 1980 – Matt Thiessen, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1907 – Gladys Bentley, American blues singer d. 1960
  • 1960 – Greg Thomas, Welsh-English cricketer
  • 1979 – Austra Skujyte, Lithuanian pentathlete
  • 1954 – Sam J. Jones, American actor
  • 1948 – Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • 1904 – Idel Jakobson, Latvian-Estonian NKVD officer d. 1997
  • 1899 – Ben Sealey, Trinidadian cricketer d. 1963
  • 1980 – Maggie Lawson, American actress
  • 1880 – Radclyffe Hall, English poet, author, and activist d. 1943
  • 1959 – Kerry Boustead, Australian rugby league player
  • 1985 – Franck Moutsinga, German rugby player
  • 1930 – George Soros, Hungarian-American businessman and investor, founded the Soros Fund Management
  • 1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player
  • 1892 – Alfred Lunt, American actor and director d. 1977
  • 1970 – Charles Mesure, English-Australian actor and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Alex Naumik, Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer d. 2013
  • 1988 – Tyson Fury, English boxer
  • 1928 – Dan Curtis, American director and producer d. 2006
  • 1867 – Edith Hamilton, German-American author and educator d. 1963
  • 1885 – Juhan Simm, Estonian composer and conductor d. 1959
  • 1934 – Robin Nicholson, English metallurgist and academic
  • 1967 – Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker
  • 1969 – Aga Muhlach, Filipino actor and politician
  • 1927 – Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2007
  • 1909 – Bruce Matthews, Canadian general and businessman d. 1991
  • 1967 – Andy Hui, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1928 – Charles Blackman, Australian painter and illustrator d. 2018
  • 1831 – Helena Blavatsky, Russian theosophist and scholar d. 1891
  • 1972 – Mark Kinsella, Irish footballer and manager
  • 1983 – Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1626 – Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer d. 1690
  • 1946 – Terry Nutkins, English television host and author d. 2012
  • 1939 – David King, South African chemist and academic
  • 1982 – Alexandros Tzorvas, Greek footballer
  • 1912 – Samuel Fuller, American actor, director, and screenwriter d. 1997
  • 1991 – Sam Hoare, Australian rugby league player
  • 1918 – Sid Bernstein, American record producer d. 2013
  • 1956 – Bruce Greenwood, Canadian actor and producer
  • 1939 – George Hamilton, American actor
  • 1904 – Tamas Lossonczy, Hungarian painter d. 2009
  • 1883 – Marion Lorne, American actress d. 1968
  • 1918 – Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient d. 1944
  • 1974 – Matt Clement, American baseball player and coach
  • 1957 – Amanda Redman, English actress
  • 1961 – Roy Hay, English guitarist, keyboard player, and composer
  • 1930 – Jacques Tits, Belgian-French mathematician and academic
  • 1958 – Jurgen Dehmel, German bass player and songwriter
  • 1937 – Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet d. 2014
  • 1983 – Kleber Giacomance de Souza Freitas, Brazilian footballer
  • 1993 – Luna, South Korean singer, actress and presenter
  • 1942 – Hans-Wilhelm Muller-Wohlfahrt, German physician and author
  • 1920 – Percy Mayfield, American R&B singer-songwriter d. 1984
  • 1979 – Cindy Klassen, Canadian speed skater
  • 1970 – Anthony Swofford, American soldier and author
  • 1989 – Tom Cleverley, English footballer
  • 1956 – Lee Freedman, Australian horse trainer
  • 1981 – Djibril Cisse, French footballer
  • 1870 – Henry Reuterdahl, Swedish-American artist d. 1925
  • 1629 – Archduchess Isabella Clara of Austria, Austrian archduchess d. 1685
  • 1907 – Boy Charlton, Australian swimmer d. 1975
  • 1919 – Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist and academic d. 1971
  • 1978 – Hayley Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Danny Graham, English footballer
  • 1941 – L. M. Kit Carson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter d. 2014
  • 1860 – Klara Hitler, Austrian mother of Adolf Hitler d. 1907
  • 1988 – Matt Gillett, Australian rugby league player
  • 1999 – Matthijs de Ligt, Dutch footballer
  • 1924 – Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Pakistani general and politician, 6th President of Pakistan d. 1988
  • 1599 – Sir William Curtius FRS, German magistrate, English baronet d. 1678
  • 1891 – John McDermott, American golfer d. 1971
  • 1883 – Martha Hedman, Swedish-American actress and playwright d. 1974
  • 1977 – Jesper Gronkjær, Danish footballer
  • 1914 – Ruth Lowe, Canadian pianist and songwriter d. 1981
  • 1911 – Cantinflas, Mexican actor, screenwriter, and producer d. 1993
  • 1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist co-founded the Guinness World Records d. 2004
  • 1973 – Mark Iuliano, Italian footballer and manager
  • 1930 – Kanagaratnam Sriskandan, Sri Lankan engineer and civil servant d. 2010
  • 1591 – Louise de Marillac, co-founder of the Daughters of Charity d. 1660
  • 1696 – Maurice Greene, English organist and composer d. 1755
  • 1992 – Cara Delevingne, English model and actress
  • 1983 – Manoa Vosawai, Italian rugby player
  • 1949 – Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek admiral and politician
  • 1452 – Abraham Zacuto, Jewish astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian d. 1515
  • 1978 – Chris Chambers, American football player
  • 1993 – Ewa Farna, Czech singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Michael Hagan, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1938 – Jean-Paul LAllier, Canadian journalist and politician, 38th Mayor of Quebec City d. 2016
  • 1885 – Jean Cabannes, French physicist and academic d. 1959
  • 1972 – Takanohana Kōji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 65th Yokozuna
  • 1871 – Gustavs Zemgals, Latvian politician, 2nd President of Latvia d. 1939
  • 1929 – Buck Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist d. 2006
  • 1954 – Ibolya David, Hungarian lawyer and politician, Minister of Justice of Hungary
  • 1970 – Aleksandar Duric, Bosnian footballer
  • 1952 – Daniel Biles, American associate justice of the Kansas Supreme Court
  • 1992 – Isabella Escobar, Guatemalan tennis player
  • 1941 – Dana Ivey, American actress
  • 1926 – Douglas Croft, American child actor d. 1963
  • 1914 – Gerd Buchdahl, German-English philosopher and author d. 2001
  • 1947 – John Nathan-Turner, English author and television director, producer, and writer d. 2002
  • 1966 – Tobias Ellwood, American-English captain and politician
  • 1970 – Toby Perkins, English businessman and politician
  • 1852 – Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus d. 1890
  • 1880 – Christy Mathewson, American baseball player and manager d. 1925
  • 1990 – Marvin Zeegelaar, Dutch footballer
  • 1976 – Antoine Walker, American basketball player
  • 1976 – Henry Tuilagi, Samoan rugby player
  • 1932 – Sirikit, Queen mother of Thailand
  • 1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress d. 2006
  • 1964 – Txiki Begiristain, Spanish footballer
  • 1924 – Derek Shackleton, English cricketer, coach, and umpire d. 2007
  • 1979 – D. J. Houlton, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Plaxico Burress, American football player
  • 1922 – Fulton Mackay, Scottish actor and playwright d. 1987
  • 1984 – Bryan Pata, American football player d. 2006
  • 1915 – Michael Kidd, American dancer and choreographer d. 2007
  • 1916 – Edward Pinkowski, American writer, journalist and Polonia historian d. 2020
  • 1992 – Jacob Loko, Australian rugby player
  • 1992 – Teo Gheorghiu, Swiss pianist and actor
  • 1990 – Martin Zurawsky, German footballer
  • 1913 – Richard L. Bare, American director, producer, and screenwriter d. 2015
  • 1998 – Stefanos Tsitsipas, Greek tennis player
  • 1951 – Klaus Toppmoller, German football manager and former player
  • 1920 – Charles Gibson, American ethnohistorian d. 1985
  • 1981 – Tony Capaldi, Norwegian-Northern Irish footballer
  • 1923 – John Holt, Jamaican cricketer d. 1997
  • 1897 – Maurice Fernandes, Guyanese cricketer d. 1981
  • 1949 – Rick Ridgeway, American mountaineer and photographer
  • 1989 – Hong Jeong-ho, South Korean footballer
  • 1931 – William Goldman, American author, playwright, and screenwriter d. 2018
  • 1940 – Eddie Barlow, South African cricketer and coach d. 2005
  • 1979 – Ian Hutchinson, English motorcycle racer
  • 1948 – Graham J. Zellick, English academic and jurist
  • 1954 – Rob Borbidge, Australian politician, 35th Premier of Queensland
  • 1945 – Ron Mael, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1866 – Henrik Sillem, Dutch target shooter, mountaineer, and jurist d. 1907
  • 1994 – Sara Ali Khan, Indian actress
  • 1917 – Oliver Crawford, American screenwriter and author d. 2008
  • 1954 – Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist and composer
  • 1859 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and author d. 1929
  • 1936 – Kjell Grede, Swedish director and screenwriter d. 2017
  • 1967 – Regilio Tuur, Dutch boxer
  • 1973 – Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1925 – Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas d. 2016
  • 1941 – Rejean Ducharme, Canadian author and playwright d. 2017
  • 1976 – Mikko Lindstrom, Finnish guitarist
  • 1906 – Tedd Pierce, American animator, producer, and screenwriter d. 1972
  • 1506 – Franciscus Sonnius, Dutch counter-Reformation theologian d. 1576
  • 1976 – Pedro Collins, Barbadian cricketer
  • 1949 – Mark Knopfler, Scottish-English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1877 – Albert Bartha, Hungarian general and politician, Hungarian Minister of Defence d. 1960
  • 1987 – Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer
  • 1926 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer-songwriter and producer d. 2005
  • 1950 – Jim Beaver, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1919 – Margaret Burbidge, English-American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1928 – Bob Buhl, American baseball player d. 2001
  • 1968 – Thorsten Boer, German footballer and manager
  • 1960 – Laurent Fignon, French cyclist and sportscaster d. 2010
  • 1973 – Jonathan Coachman, American basketball player, wrestler, and sportscaster
  • 1939 – Pam Kilborn, Australian track and field athlete
  • 1968 – Ular Mark, Estonian architect
  • 1604 – Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shōgun d. 1651
  • 1885 – Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist d. 1952
  • 1996 – Julio Urias, Mexican baseball player
  • 1856 – Diamond Jim Brady, American businessman and philanthropist d. 1917
  • 1857 – Ernestine von Kirchsberg, Austrian painter and educator d. 1924
  • 1935 – John Cazale, American actor d. 1978
  • 1907 – Benjamin Sheares, Singaporean physician and politician, 2nd President of Singapore d. 1981
  • 1986 – Kyle Arrington, American football player
  • 1891 – C. E. M. Joad, English philosopher and academic d. 1953
  • 1925 – Donald Justice, American poet and writing teacher d. 2004
  • 1982 – Boban Grncarov, Macedonian footballer
  • 1907 – Joe Besser, American actor d. 1988
  • 1963 – Sir Mix-a-Lot, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1503 – Christian III of Denmark d. 1559
  • 1933 – Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1774 – Robert Southey, English poet and author d. 1843
  • 1950 – George McGinnis, American basketball player
  • 1972 – Demir Demirkan, Turkish singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author and playwright d. 1958
  • 1954 – François Hollande, French lawyer and politician, 24th President of France
  • 1932 – Dallin H. Oaks, American lawyer, jurist, and religious leader
  • 1916 – Ioan Dicezare, Romanian general and pilot d. 2012
  • 1986 – Andrei Agius, Maltese footballer
  • 1991 – Jesinta Campbell, Australian model
  • 1925 – Guillermo Cano Isaza, Colombian journalist d. 1986
  • 1980 – Javier Chevanton, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1961 – Mark Priest, New Zealand cricketer
  • 1904 – Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia d. 1918
  • 1644 – Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, Bohemian-Austrian violinist and composer d. 1704
  • 1971 – Michael Ian Black, American comedian, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1881 – Cecil B. DeMille, American director and producer d. 1959
  • 1945 – Dorothy E. Denning, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1950 – August "Kid Creole" Darnell, American musician, bandleader, singer-songwriter, and record producer
  • 1922 – Milos Jakes, Czech communist politician
  • 1889 – Zerna Sharp, American author and educator d. 1981
  • 1932 – Charlie ODonnell, American radio and television announcer d. 2010
  • 1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
  • 1970 – Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball player and coach
  • 1963 – Campbell Newman, Australian politician, 38th Premier of Queensland
  • 1906 – Harry Hopman, Australian tennis player and coach d. 1985
                                     

3. Deaths

  • 2010 – Richie Hayward, American drummer and songwriter b. 1946
  • 1295 – Charles Martel, king of Hungary b. 1271
  • 1900 – Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player and theoretician b. 1836
  • 1966 – Artur Alliksaar, Estonian poet and author b. 1923
  • 1941 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer and umpire b. 1857
  • 2000 – Loretta Young, American actress b. 1913
  • 1891 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic b. 1819
  • 1896 – Thomas Chamberlain, American colonel b. 1841
  • 2012 – Jimmy Carr, American football player and coach b. 1933
  • 1944 – Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot b. 1915
  • 2000 – Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain b. 1955
  • 2005 – John Loder, English sound engineer and producer, founded Southern Studios b. 1946
  • 1959 – Mike ONeill, Irish-American baseball player and manager b. 1877
  • 2015 – John Scott, English organist and conductor b. 1956
  • 961 – Yuan Zong, emperor of Southern Tang b. 916
  • 1935 – Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician and academic b. 1851
  • 1941 – Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, English soldier and politician, 56th Governor General of Canada b. 1866
  • 2014 – Kongō Masahiro, Japanese sumo wrestler b. 1948
  • 1612 – Giovanni Gabrieli, Italian organist and composer b. 1557
  • 1921 – Pyotr Boborykin, Russian playwright and journalist b. 1836
  • 2011 – Robert Robinson, English journalist and author b. 1927
  • 2012 – Jerry Grant, American race car driver b. 1935
  • 1829 – Charles Sapinaud de La Rairie, French general b. 1760
  • 2015 – Meshulim Feish Lowy, Hungarian-Canadian rabbi and author b. 1921
  • 2009 – Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter b. 1915
  • 1922 – Arthur Griffith, Irish journalist and politician, 3rd President of Dail Eireann b. 1871
  • 2012 – Joe Kubert, Polish-American illustrator, founded The Kubert School b. 1926
  • 2006 – Victoria Gray Adams, American civil rights activist b. 1926
  • 1990 – Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress b. 1903
  • 1484 – Sixtus IV, pope of the Catholic Church b. 1414
  • 1914 – John Philip Holland, Irish engineer, designed HMS Holland 1 b. 1840
  • 1809 – Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal b. 1738
  • 960 – Li Gu, chancellor of Later Zhou b. 903
  • 1319 – Rudolf I, duke of Bavaria b. 1274
  • 792 – Jænberht, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1964 – Ian Fleming, English spy, journalist, and author b. 1908
  • 1992 – John Cage, American composer and theorist b. 1912
  • 1934 – Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect, designed the Beurs van Berlage b. 1856
  • 1674 – Philippe de Champaigne, Belgian-French painter and educator b. 1602
  • 1978 – John Williams, English motorcycle racer b. 1946
  • 1689 – Pope Innocent XI b. 1611
  • 2012 – Edgar Morales Perez, Mexican engineer and politician
  • 1943 – Vittorio Sella, Italian photographer and mountaineer b. 1859
  • 1638 – Johannes Althusius, German jurist and philosopher b. 1557
  • 1983 – Theodor Burchardi, German admiral b. 1892
  • 1588 – Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder, Italian-English composer b. 1543
  • 1335 – Prince Moriyoshi, Japanese shōgun b. 1308
  • 2012 – Alf Morris, English politician and activist b. 1928
  • 1865 – William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and academic b. 1785
  • 1952 – David Bergelson, Ukrainian author and playwright b. 1884
  • 2013 – Pauline Maier, American historian and academic b. 1938
  • 1602 – Abul-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Mughal vizier and historian b. 1551
  • 1924 – Sandor Brody, Hungarian journalist and author b. 1863
  • 2008 – Christie Allen, English-Australian singer b. 1954
  • 1810 – Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist b. 1725
  • 1424 – Yongle, emperor of the Ming Empire b. 1360
  • 1918 – William Thompson, American archer b. 1848
  • 1901 – Adolf Erik Nordenskiold, Finnish-Swedish botanist, geologist, mineralogist, and explorer b. 1832
  • 1985 – Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver b. 1951
  • 2013 – Vasiliy Mihaylovich Peskov, Russian ecologist and journalist b. 1930
  • 2008 – Helge Hagerup, Norwegian playwright, poet and novelist b. 1933
  • 1984 – Ladi Kwali, Nigerian potter b. 1925
  • 1577 – Thomas Smith, English scholar and diplomat b. 1513
  • 1973 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1898
  • 1979 – Ernst Boris Chain, German-Irish biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1906
  • 1222 – Vladislaus III, duke of Bohemia
  • 2014 – Futatsuryū Junichi, Japanese sumo wrestler b. 1950
  • 1546 – Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theologian b. 1492
  • 2015 – Stephen Lewis, English actor and screenwriter b. 1926
  • 1996 – Victor Ambartsumian, Georgian-Armenian astrophysicist and academic b. 1908
  • 1904 – William Renshaw, English tennis player b. 1861
  • 875 – Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor b. 825
  • 30 BC– Cleopatra, Egyptian queen b. 69 BC
  • 1864 – Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese scholar and politician b. 1811
  • 2015 – Jaakko Hintikka, Finnish philosopher and academic b. 1929
  • 1955 – James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1887
  • 1967 – Esther Forbes, American historian and author b. 1891
  • 2007 – Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator b. 1963
  • 1999 – Jean Drapeau, Canadian lawyer and politician, 37th Mayor of Montreal b. 1916
  • 2014 – Lauren Bacall, American model, actress, and singer b. 1924
  • 1399 – Demetrius I Starshy, Prince of Trubczewsk in battle b. 1327
  • 2007 – Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune b. 1925
  • 2013 – Tereza de Arriaga, Portuguese painter b. 1915
  • 1982 – Henry Fonda, American actor b. 1905
  • 1988 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter b. 1960
  • 1989 – William Shockley, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1910
  • 1822 – Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, Irish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs b. 1769
  • 1861 – Eliphalet Remington, American inventor and businessman, founded Remington Arms b. 1793
  • 2010 – Isaac Bonewits, American Druid, author, and activist; founded Ar nDraiocht Fein b. 1949
  • 1940 – Nikolai Triik, Estonian painter, illustrator, and academic b. 1884
  • 2016 – Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player b. 1958
  • 1982 – Salvador Sanchez, Mexican boxer b. 1959
  • 2010 – Andre Kim, South Korean fashion designer b. 1935
  • 1778 – Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English general and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire b. 1714
  • 2019 – DJ Arafat, Ivoirian DJ and singer b. 1986
  • 2010 – Guido de Marco, Maltese lawyer and politician, 6th President of Malta b. 1931
  • 1827 – William Blake, English poet and painter b. 1757
  • 1315 – Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, English nobleman
  • 2013 – David McLetchie, Scottish lawyer and politician b. 1952
  • 1849 – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury b. 1761
  • 1997 – Jack Delano, American photographer and composer b. 1914
  • 1986 – Evaline Ness, American author and illustrator b. 1911
  • 1985 – Kyu Sakamoto, Japanese singer-songwriter b. 1941
  • 1973 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1881
  • 2013 – Hans-Ekkehard Bob, German soldier and pilot b. 1917
  • 1848 – George Stephenson, English engineer and academic b. 1781
  • 2017 – Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach b. 1942
  • 1928 – Leos Janacek, Czech composer and educator b. 1854
  • 1955 – Thomas Mann, German author and critic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1875
  • 2002 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player and manager b. 1916
  • 2004 – Godfrey Hounsfield, English biophysicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1919
  • 1996 – Mark Gruenwald, American author and illustrator b. 1953


                                     

4. Holidays and observances

  • Eusebius of Milan
  • Jane Frances de Chantal
  • Muiredach or Murtagh
  • August 12 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Herculanus of Brescia
  • Jænberht
  • Porcarius
  • Euplius
  • Christian feast day
  • Pope Innocent XI
  • World Elephant Day International
  • Glorious Twelfth United Kingdom
  • Russian Air Force Day Russia
  • Sea Org Day Scientology
  • Russian Railway Troops Day Russia
  • HM the Queen Mothers Birthday and National Mothers Day Thailand
  • International Youth Day United Nations

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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