Топ-100 ⓘ August 14. 1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support t
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ⓘ August 14. 1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S backed government installed there after Jose Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier. ..



August 14
                                     

ⓘ August 14

  • 1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S backed government installed there after Jose Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier.
  • 1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last known public execution in the United States.
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Lorraine, an unsuccessful French offensive designed to recover the lost province of Moselle from Germany.
  • 1842 – American Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
  • 1598 – Nine Years War: Battle of the Yellow Ford: Irish forces under Hugh ONeill, Earl of Tyrone, defeats an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal.
  • 1916 – Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 1921 – Tannu Uriankhai, later Tuvan Peoples Republic is established as a completely independent country which is supported by Soviet Russia.
  • 1975 – The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London.
  • 1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender August 15 in Japan Standard Time.
  • 29 BC – Octavian holds the second of three consecutive triumphs in Rome to celebrate the victory over the Dalmatian tribes.
  • 1385 – Portuguese Crisis of 1383–85: Battle of Aljubarrota: Portuguese forces commanded by King John I and his general Nuno Alvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King John I.
  • 1973 – The Pakistan Constitution of 1973 comes into effect.
  • 1592 – The first sighting of the Falkland Islands by John Davis.
  • 1720 – The Spanish military Villasur expedition is wiped out by Pawnee and Otoe warriors near present-day Columbus, Nebraska.
  • 1967 – UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal.
  • 2015 – The US Embassy in Havana, Cuba re-opens after 54 years of being closed when Cuba–United States relations were broken off
  • 2003 – Project Thread, an operation launched by CSIS and other Canadian law enforcement agencies, saw the arrest and incarceration of 24 innocent Muslim men, most of them young Pakistani students.
  • 1888 – An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivans "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made, is played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edisons phonograph in London, England.
  • 1457 – Publication of the Mainz Psalter, the first book to feature a printed date of publication and printed colophon
  • 1816 – The United Kingdom formally annexes the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, administering the islands from the Cape Colony in South Africa.
  • 2013 – UPS Airlines Flight 1354 crashes short of the runway at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, killing both crew members on board.
  • 2003 – A widescale power blackout affects the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn; it is not fully extinguished until September 5, after destroying 240.000 acres 970 km 2.
  • 1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Fryes death.
  • 1848 – Oregon Territory is organized by act of Congress.
  • 1941 – World War II: Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims.
  • 1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1791 – Slaves from plantations in Saint-Domingue hold a Vodou ceremony led by houngan Dutty Boukman at Bois Caïman, marking the start of the Haitian Revolution.
  • 2005 – Helios Airways Flight 522, en route from Larnaca, Cyprus to Prague, Czech Republic via Athens, crashes in the hills near Grammatiko, Greece, killing 121 passengers and crew.
  • 1996 – Greek Cypriot refugee Solomos Solomou is murdered by Turkish forces while trying to climb a flagpole in order to remove a Turkish flag from its mast in the United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus.
  • 2006 – Sixty-one schoolgirls killed in Chencholai bombing by Sri Lankan Air Force air strike.
  • 1480 – Battle of Otranto: Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam; they are later honored in the Church.
  • 1969 – The Troubles: British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland as political and sectarian violence breaks out, marking the start of the 37-year Operation Banner.
  • 1937 – The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when six Japanese bombers are shot down by Chinese fighters while raiding Chinese air bases.
  • 1885 – Japans first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1945 – The Viet Minh launches August Revolution amid the political confusion and power vacuum engulfing Vietnam.
  • 1370 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, grants city privileges to Carlsbad which is subsequently named after him.
  • 1288 – Count Adolf VIII of Berg grants town privileges to Dusseldorf, the village on the banks of the Dussel.
  • 1183 – Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan Traditional Japanese date: Twenty-fifth day of the seventh month of the second year of the Juei 寿永 era).
  • 1971 – Bahrain declares independence as the State of Bahrain.
  • 2007 – The Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 334 people.
  • 1352 – War of the Breton Succession: Anglo-Bretons defeat the French in the Battle of Mauron.
  • 1893 – France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration.
  • 1880 – Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed.
  • 2013 – Egypt declares a state of emergency as security forces kill hundreds of demonstrators supporting former president Mohamed Morsi.
  • 1980 – Lech Walesa leads strikes at the Gdansk, Poland shipyards.
  • 1935 – Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, creating a government pension system for the retired.
  • 1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.
  • 1814 – A cease fire agreement, called the Convention of Moss, ended the Swedish–Norwegian War.
  • 1947 – Pakistan gains Independence from the British Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1900 – The Eight-Nation Alliance occupies Beijing, China, in a campaign to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion in China.
  • 1959 – Founding and first official meeting of the American Football League.
  • 1972 – An Ilyushin Il-62 airliner crashes near Konigs Wusterhausen, East Germany, due to an in-flight fire, killing 156.
  • 1994 – Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, also known as "Carlos the Jackal", is captured.
                                     

1. Births

  • 1875 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian-American painter and illustrator d. 1957
  • 1935 – John Brodie, American football player and golfer
  • 1738 – Leopold Hofmann, Austrian composer and conductor d. 1793
  • 1983 – Elena Baltacha, Ukrainian-Scottish tennis player d. 2014
  • 1814 – Charlotte Fowler Wells, American phrenologist and publisher d. 1901
  • 1972 – Laurent Lamothe, Haitian businessman and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1958 – Bobby Eaton, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1975 – Mike Vrabel, American football player and coach
  • 1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-American actress
  • 1947 – Maddy Prior, English folk singer
  • 1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress
  • 1956 – Sharon Bryant, American R&B singer
  • 1971 – Mark Loretta, American baseball player and coach
  • 1978 – Anastasios Kyriakos, Greek footballer
  • 1688 – Frederick William I of Prussia d. 1740
  • 1886 – Arthur Jeffrey Dempster, Canadian-American physicist and academic d. 1950
  • 1890 – Bruno Tesch, German chemist and businessman d. 1946
  • 1968 – Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer
  • 928 – Qian Hongzuo, king of Wuyue d. 947
  • 1479 – Catherine of York d. 1527
  • 1947 – Jiro Taniguchi, Japanese author and illustrator
  • 1969 – Stig Tofting, Danish footballer and manager
  • 1965 – Terry Richardson, American photographer and director
  • 1964 – Neal Anderson, American football player and coach
  • 1900 – Margret Boveri, German journalist, recipient of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany d. 1975
  • 1851 – Yannoulis Chalepas, Greek sculptor d. 1938
  • 1984 – Nicola Slater, Scottish tennis player
  • 1848 – Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Anglo-Irish astronomer and author d. 1915
  • 1840 – Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychologist and author d. 1902
  • 1645 – Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora, Mexican secular priest, scientist, and savant d. 1700
  • 1892 – Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English pianist, composer, and critic d. 1988
  • 1963 – Emmanuelle Beart, French actress
  • 1984 – Josh Gorges, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1986 – Braian Rodriguez, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1925 – Russell Baker, American critic and essayist d. 2019
  • 1974 – Chucky Atkins, American basketball player and coach
  • 1895 – Amaza Lee Meredith, American architect d. 1984
  • 1857 – Max Wagenknecht, German organist, composer, and educator d. 1922
  • 1942 – Lionel Morton, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and television presenter
  • 1951 – Norbert Hofmann, German footballer and manager
  • 1911 – Jan Koetsier, Dutch composer and conductor d. 2006
  • 1916 – Fumio Fujimura, Japanese baseball player and manager d. 1992
  • 1962 – Rameez Raja, Pakistani cricketer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1552 – Paolo Sarpi, Italian writer d. 1623
  • 1978 – Randika Galhenage, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1983 – Spencer Pratt, American television personality
  • 1946 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and businessman d. 2010
  • 1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist
  • 1940 – Galen Hall, American football player and coach
  • 1966 – Halle Berry, American model, actress, and producer, Miss World United States 1986
  • 1923 – Alice Ghostley, American actress d. 2007
  • 1530 – Giambattista Benedetti, Italian mathematician and physicist d. 1590
  • 1948 – Bruce Thomas, English bass player and author
  • 1968 – Medy van der Laan, Dutch politician
  • 1967 – Erik Gandini, Italian-Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1499 – John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, English politician, Lord Great Chamberlain d. 1526
  • 1916 – Wellington Mara, American businessman d. 2005
  • 1963 – Jose Coceres, Argentinian golfer
  • 1981 – Paul Gallen, Australian rugby league player
  • 1575 – Robert Hayman, English-Canadian poet and politician d. 1629
  • 1863 – Ernest Thayer, American poet and author d. 1940
  • 1297 – Emperor Hanazono of Japan d. 1348
  • 1965 – Brannon Braga, American producer, director, and screenwriter
  • 1946 – Larry Graham, American soul/funk bass player and singer-songwriter
  • 1923 – Patriarch Diodoros of Jerusalem d. 2000
  • 1871 – Guangxu Emperor of China d. 1908
  • 1989 – Florian Abel, German footballer
  • 1901 – Alice Rivaz, Swiss pianist and author d. 1998
  • 1983 – Juan Oviedo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1758 – Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer d. 1835
  • 1958 – Philip Dunne, English farmer and politician, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology
  • 1968 – Pravin Amre, Indian cricketer and coach
  • 1984 – Nick Grimshaw, English radio and television host
  • 1944 – John Dunt, English admiral
  • 1928 – Lina Wertmuller, Italian director and screenwriter
  • 1876 – Alexander I of Serbia d. 1903
  • 1980 – Aydın Toscalı, Turkish footballer
  • 1957 – Peter Costello, Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Treasurer of Australia
  • 1941 – Connie Smith, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1893 – Francis Dvornik, Czech priest and academic d. 1975
  • 1933 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1883 – Ernest Everett Just, African-American biologist and academic d. 1941
  • 1979 – Jeremie Brechet, French footballer
  • 1896 – Albert Ball, English fighter pilot d. 1917
  • 1961 – Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler and manager d. 1995
  • 1924 – Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa, Tibetan spiritual leader d. 1981
  • 1867 – Cupid Childs, American baseball player d. 1912
  • 1903 – Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter and illustrator d. 1995
  • 1929 – Kinnaird R. McKee, American admiral d. 2013
  • 1870 – Nelson McDowell, American actor d. 1947
  • 1985 – Christian Gentner, German footballer
  • 1987 – Tim Tebow, American football and baseball player, television personality and sportscaster
  • 1971 – Pramodya Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan cricketer
  • 1924 – Holger Juul Hansen, Danish actor d. 2013
  • 1847 – Robert Comtesse, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council d. 1922
  • 1960 – Fred Roberts, American basketball player and educator
  • 1625 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, French archbishop d. 1695
  • 1914 – Herman Branson, African-American physicist, chemist, and academic d. 1995
  • 1982 – Simon Andrews, English motorcycle racer d. 2014
  • 1954 – Stanley A. McChrystal, American general
  • 1962 – Kevin Harris, Canadian skateboarder
  • 1989 – Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1989 – Ander Herrera, Spanish footballer
  • 1984 – Clay Buchholz, American baseball player
  • 1887 – Marija Leiko, Latvian actress d. 1937
  • 1945 – Steve Martin, American actor, comedian, musician, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1948 – Terry Adams, American pianist and composer
  • 1968 – Catherine Bell, English-American actress and producer
  • 1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player and coach
  • 1953 – James Horner, American composer and conductor d. 2015
  • 1986 – Sam Moa, Tongan-New Zealand rugby league player
  • 1960 – Sarah Brightman, English singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1947 – Bruce Nash, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1973 – Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer and sportscaster
  • 1881 – Francis Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter d. 1953
  • 1976 – Fabrizio Donato, Italian triple jumper
  • 1915 – B. A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and publisher d. 1998
  • 1867 – John Galsworthy, English novelist and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1933
  • 1956 – Andy King, English footballer and manager d. 2015
  • 1973 – Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer
  • 1929 – Dick Tiger, Nigerian boxer d. 1971
  • 1966 – Tuncay Ozkan, Turkish journalist and politician
  • 1977 – Juan Pierre, American baseball player
  • 1865 – Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician and academic d. 1952
  • 1918 – Patsy Smart, English actress d. 1996
  • 1913 – Paul Dean, American baseball player d. 1981
  • 1912 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic d. 1985
  • 1952 – John McCutcheon, American folksinger
  • 1896 – Theodor Luts, Estonian director and cinematographer d. 1980
  • 1984 – Robin Soderling, Swedish tennis player
  • 1959 – Marcia Gay Harden, American actress
  • 1954 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player and sportscaster d. 2009
  • 1943 – Ben Sidran, American jazz and rock keyboardist, producer, label owner, and music writer
  • 1983 – Sunidhi Chauhan, Indian playback singer
  • 1956 – Jackee Harry, American actress and television personality
  • 1930 – Earl Weaver, American baseball player and manager d. 2013
  • 1911 – Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, philosopher, and author d. 2006
  • 1962 – Mark Gubicza, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1970 – Kevin Cadogan, American rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1895 – Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer d. 1973
  • 1931 – Frederic Raphael, American journalist, author, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Morten Olsen, Danish footballer and coach
  • 1502 – Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Flemish painter d. 1550
  • 1973 – Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer
  • 1942 – Willie Dunn, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer d. 2013
  • 1981 – Earl Barron, American basketball player
  • 1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and politician d. 1874
  • 1978 – Greg Rawlinson, South African-New Zealand rugby player
  • 1947 – Joop van Daele, Dutch footballer and manager
  • 1941 – David Crosby, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1969 – Tracy Caldwell Dyson, American chemist and astronaut
  • 1586 – William Hutchinson, founder of Rhode Island d. 1642
  • 1929 – Gene Scott, American pastor and broadcaster d. 2005
  • 1851 – Doc Holliday, American dentist and gambler d. 1887
  • 1653 – Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English colonel and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica d. 1688
  • 1984 – Giorgio Chiellini, Italian footballer
  • 1959 – Frank Brickowski, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Debbie Meyer, American swimmer
  • 1913 – Hector Crawford, Australian director and producer d. 1991
  • 1991 – Richard Freitag, German ski jumper
  • 1956 – Erica Flapan, American mathematician
  • 1889 – Otto Tief, Estonian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia d. 1976
  • 1926 – Buddy Greco, American singer and pianist d. 2017
  • 1880 – Fred Alexander, American tennis player d. 1969
  • 1910 – Willy Ronis, French photographer d. 2009
  • 1966 – Karl Petter Loken, Swedish-Norwegian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Paddy McGuinness, English comedian and television presenter
  • 1986 – Cameron Jerome, English footballer
  • 1972 – Tamer El Said, Egyptian director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1985 – Shea Weber, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1924 – Georges Prêtre, French conductor d. 2017
  • 1980 – Roy Williams, American football player
  • 1910 – Pierre Schaeffer, French composer and producer d. 1995
  • 1599 – Meric Casaubon, Swiss-English scholar and author d. 1671
  • 1977 – Ed Harcourt, English singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1964 – Jason Dunstall, Australian footballer and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Kate Ritchie, Australian actress
  • 1940 – Darrell "Dash" Crofts, American singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1916 – Frank and John Craighead, American naturalists
  • 1984 – Eva Birnerova, Czech tennis player
  • 1962 – Andres Herkel, Estonian academic and politician
  • 1965 – Paul Broadhurst, English golfer
  • 1947 – Danielle Steel, American author
  • 1714 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter d. 1789
  • 1866 – Charles Jean de la Vallee-Poussin, Belgian mathematician and academic d. 1962
  • 1981 – Julius Jones, American football player
  • 1979 – Paul Burgess, Australian pole vaulter
  • 1971 – Raoul Bova, Italian actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1943 – Ronnie Campbell, English miner and politician
  • 1951 – Slim Dunlap, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1740 – Pope Pius VII d. 1823
  • 1922 – Leslie Marr, English race car driver
  • 1777 – Hans Christian Orsted, Danish physicist and chemist d. 1851
  • 1979 – Yōichirō Morikawa, Japanese actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1932 – Lee Hoffman, American author d. 2007
  • 1561 – Christopher Heydon, English politician d. 1623
  • 1981 – Kofi Kingston, Ghanaian-American wrestler
  • 1926 – Rene Goscinny, French author and illustrator d. 1977
  • 1473 – Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury d. 1541
  • 1642 – Cosimo III de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany d. 1723
  • 1968 – Jason Leonard, English rugby player
  • 1945 – Wim Wenders, German director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1924 – Sverre Fehn, Norwegian architect, designed the Hedmark Museum d. 2009
  • 1981 – Matthew Etherington, English footballer
                                     

2. Deaths

  • 2007 – Kotozakura Masakatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 53rd Yokozuna b. 1940
  • 1890 – Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus b. 1852
  • 2013 – Paddy Power, Irish educator and politician, 22nd Irish Minister for Defence b. 1928
  • 2006 – Adriaan de Groot, Dutch psychologist and chess player b. 1914
  • 1941 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1854
  • 1464 – Pope Pius II b. 1405
  • 1994 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and author b. 1912
  • 2013 – Jack Garfinkel, American basketball player and coach b. 1918
  • 1980 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian-American model and actress b. 1960
  • 1984 – Spud Davis, American baseball player, coach, and manager b. 1904
  • 1954 – Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek activist b. 1901
  • 1972 – Oscar Levant, American actor, pianist, and composer b. 1906
  • 1941 – Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr and saint b. 1894
  • 1390 – John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier b. 1364
  • 1928 – Klabund, German author and poet b. 1890
  • 1856 – Constant Prevost, French geologist and academic b. 1787
  • 2007 – Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian pianist and composer b. 1913
  • 2004 – Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician b. 1918
  • 1984 – J. B. Priestley, English novelist and playwright b. 1894
  • 902 – Badr al-Mutadidi, commander-in-chief of the Abbasid Caliphate under al-Mutadid
  • 1938 – Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer and accountant b. 1876
  • 2014 – George V. Hansen, American soldier and politician b. 1930
  • 1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster b. 1918
  • 1972 – Jules Romains, French author and poet b. 1885
  • 2000 – Alain Fournier, French-Canadian computer scientist and academic b. 1943
  • 1204 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shōgun b. 1182
  • 1388 – James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas b. c. 1358
  • 1573 – Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese daimyō b. 1548
  • 1860 – Andre Marie Constant Dumeril, French zoologist and entomologist b. 1774
  • 1909 – William Stanley, American engineer and philanthropist b. 1829
  • 1040 – Duncan I of Scotland b. 1001
  • 2015 – Agustin Cejas, Argentinian footballer b. 1945
  • 2012 – Sergey Kapitsa, English-Russian physicist and demographer b. 1928
  • 1955 – Herbert Putnam, American lawyer and publisher, Librarian of Congress b. 1861
  • 2007 – Pinchas Goldstein, Israeli politician b. 1939
  • 1657 – Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, 57th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller b. 1560
  • 1978 – Nicolas Bentley, English author and illustrator b. 1907
  • 1433 – John I of Portugal b. 1357
  • 1981 – Dudley Nourse, South African cricketer b. 1910
  • 1854 – Carl Carl, Polish-born actor and theatre director b. 1787
  • 1966 – Tip Snooke, South African cricketer b. 1881
  • 2013 – Jack Germond, American journalist and author b. 1928
  • 1905 – Simeon Solomon, English soldier and painter b. 1840
  • 1964 – Johnny Burnette, American singer-songwriter b. 1934
  • 1167 – Rainald of Dassel, Italian archbishop b. 1120
  • 1958 – Konstantin von Neurath, German lawyer and politician, Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs b. 1873
  • 2004 – Czeslaw Milosz, Polish-born American novelist, essayist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1911
  • 1774 – Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar b. 1716
  • 2002 – Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor b. 1923
  • 2015 – Bob Johnston, American songwriter and producer b. 1932
  • 1943 – Lore Berger, Swiss author and translator b. 1921
  • 2012 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress b. 1919
  • 2016 – Philip "Fyuvsh" Finkel, American actor b. 1922
  • 1994 – Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss novelist, playwright, memoirist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1905
  • 1967 – Bob Anderson, English motorcycle racer and race car driver b. 1931
  • 2015 – Bob Farrell, American businessman, founded Farrells Ice Cream Parlour b. 1927
  • 1784 – Nathaniel Hone the Elder, Irish-born English painter and academic b. 1718
  • 1973 – Fred Gipson, American journalist and author b. 1908
  • 1981 – Karl Bohm, Austrian conductor and director b. 1894
  • 2012 – Maja Boskovic-Stulli, Croatian historian and academic b. 1922
  • 1991 – Alberto Crespo, Argentinian race car driver b. 1920
  • 2018 – Jill Janus, American singer b. 1975
  • 2010 – Rallis Kopsidis, Greek painter and author b. 1929
  • 1965 – Vello Kaaristo, Estonian skier b. 1911
  • 2012 – Vilasrao Deshmukh, Indian lawyer and politician, 14th Chief Minister of Maharashtra b. 1945
  • 1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation b. 1863
  • 1874 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American minister and politician b. 1821
  • 1958 – Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate b. 1900
  • 1319 – Waldemar, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal b. c. 1280
  • 1992 – John Sirica, American lawyer and judge b. 1904
  • 1954 – Hugo Eckener, German pilot and designer b. 1868
  • 2012 – Svetozar Gligoric, Serbian chess player and theoretician b. 1923
  • 2010 – Herman Leonard, American soldier and photographer b. 1923
  • 1691 – Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, Irish soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland b. 1630
  • 2006 – Bruno Kirby, American actor b. 1949
  • 1963 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter b. 1906
  • 1985 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress b. 1899
  • 1943 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager b. 1871
  • 1926 – John H. Moffitt, American sergeant and politician, Medal of Honor recipient b. 1843
  • 1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari b. 1898
  • 1988 – Robert Calvert, South African-English singer-songwriter and playwright b. 1945
  • 2003 – Helmut Rahn, German footballer b. 1929
  • 582 – Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine emperor b. 535
  • 1956 – Bertolt Brecht, German poet, playwright, and director b. 1898
  • 1982 – Mahasi Sayadaw, Burmese monk and philosopher b. 1904
  • 2011 – Fritz Korbach, German footballer and manager b. 1945
  • 1870 – David Farragut, American admiral b. 1801
  • 1996 – Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor and composer b. 1912
  • 1297 – Frederick III, Burgrave of Nuremberg b. c. 1220
  • 1989 – Ricky Berry, American basketball player b. 1964
  • 1988 – Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist b. 1939
  • 2014 – Leonard Fein, American journalist and academic, co-founded Moment Magazine b. 1934
  • 1727 – William Croft, English organist and composer b. 1678
                                     

3. Holidays and observances

  • Maximilian Kolbe
  • Christian feast day
  • Kaj Munk with Kolbe, Lutheran Church
  • August 14 Eastern Orthodox liturgics
  • Martyrs of Otranto
  • Jonathan Myrick Daniels Episcopal Church
  • Eusebius of Rome
  • Domingo Ibañez de Erquicia
  • Arnold of Soissons
  • Commemoration of Wadi al-Dahab Morocco
  • Independence Day, celebrates the day when Pakistan was declared a sovereign nation following the end of the British Raj in 1947.
  • Falklands Day is the celebration of the first sighting of the Falkland Islands by John Davis in 1592.
  • Day of the Defenders of the Fatherland Abkhazia state is not fully recognized
  • Pramuka Day Indonesia
  • Anniversary Day Tristan da Cunha
  • Engineers Day Dominican Republic

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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