Топ-100 ⓘ Avolsheim is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in
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ⓘ Avolsheim is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avolsheimo ..



Avolsheim
                                     

ⓘ Avolsheim

Avolsheim is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avolsheimois or Avolsheimoises.

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.

                                     

1. Geography

Avolsheim is located some 22 km west by south-west of Strasbourg and 18 km north of Obernai. Access to the commune is by the D422 from Odratzheim in the north which passes through the centre of the commune and the town and continues south to Molsheim. The D127 goes east from the town to Dachstein. Apart from the significant sized urban area the commune is mixed forest and farmland.

The Bruche river flows north through the east of the commune and abruptly turns right near the northern border of the commune before continuing east to join a branch of the Rhine at Strasbourg. The Mossig river flows from the north-west forming the northern border of the commune before joining the Bruche.

                                     

2. Toponymy

The first written record of the name of a village in the current commune dates from the year 788 and is called Hunzolfesheim. It was found in 1051 spelled Avelsheim then Afelsheim in 1350 with a dialectal form Afelse. In 1496 it was written Afeltzheim and in 1589 Avelssheim again but with two "s". Since then, the village has had its present name and its spelling has not changed.

The prefix offe offen in German = "open" was the origin of the name Avolsheim and therefore means "Open Town". It is possible that this name was given to the village since it was devoid of walls, which in the Middle Ages was relatively rare.

There is an old local saying in dialect: Es steht offe wie Afelse "It is as open as Avolsheim" suggesting that at one time the steeple at Avolsheim, which remained so long in ruins so was "open to the sky", that this could have been the origin of its name. This argument, with the previous one, are confirmed by the popular phrase, Fescht wie Landau un Offe wie Afelse meaning "A Fort or fortified like Landau or open like Avolsheim".

                                     

3.1. History Until the Revolution

Avolsheim is located on the Gallo-Roman road linking Molsheim to Saverne. Many objects dating from this period were excavated in 1930.

In the 10th century the area had two distinct hamlets: Avelsheim one hand, corresponding roughly to the current village, and Tumpfieter, Dompieter, or Domphietenheim, a village consisting of a group of a few farms and a mill located at a church called the Dompeter.

The last mention of this hamlet was in the 16th century. It probably died as a village by the end of the same century. For some historians doubt remains: it may have disappeared in the 17th century, its destruction following the Siege of Dachstein by the armies of Turenne.

According to the papal bull of Leo IX in 1051 Avolsheim, including the Mont Sainte-Odile Abbey, was part of the possessions of the bishopric of Strasbourg.

Avolsheim was put in vassalage to the Counts of Ostoffen, then to von Murnhart in 1384, and finally remained with von Beger until 1521. From 1534 until the Revolution, the area was a fief of the dignitaries of the diocese.



                                     

3.2. History Since the French Revolution

The village has been linked to the sub-prefecture of Molsheim since the Revolution.

Avolsheim was once on the Selestat to Saverne railway line before the section from Molsheim to Saverne was removed in 1967 and replaced with a bicycle path.

                                     

4. Demography

In 2010 the commune had 728 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10.000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.

                                     

5.1. Culture and heritage Civil heritage

The commune has many buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Vineyard Farmhouse at 3 Rue de la Boucherie 1548
  • A Vineyard Farmhouse at 4 Place de lEglise 1788
  • A Fishermans House at 9 Rue de la Paix 1600
  • A Farmhouse at 5 Route du Vin 1844
  • A Stonemasons House at 2 place de lEcole 1563
  • A Vineyard Farmhouse at 2 Rue de la Paix 1819
  • A Vineyard Farmhouse at 4 Rue de Dompeter 1867
  • A former Presbytery now Town Hall at 8 Rue de la Paix 1889
  • A Stonemasons House at 2 bis Rue Saint-Ullrich 1564
  • A Boatmans House at 5 Rue de la Paix 1837
  • The Audeoud House or Maison des Soeurs at 1 place de lEcole 18th century
  • A Guardhouse at 16 Rue de la Paix 19th century
  • Houses and Farms
Other sites of interest

The Avolsheim Dam was built in 1682 on the Bruche Canal that was built by Vauban. This canal was used to transport blocks of sandstone to Strasbourg from quarries at Soultz-les-Bains and Wolxheim which were necessary for the construction of the Citadel of Strasbourg. This dam enabled the keeping of the water level high enough to supply the canal located a little further down.



                                     

5.2. Culture and heritage Religious heritage

The commune has two religious buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • An Altar 18th century
  • The Chapel of Saint-Ullrich 10th century. The original building dates back to the 11th or end of the 10th century. In 1774 the chapel was transformed to become the new church adopting the facade that is seen today. The chapel consists of an original Tetraconch which is the oldest still existing in Alsace located along the ancient Roman road in the foothills of the Vosges. Taking the form of a clover leaf covered by a dome, the chapel is surmounted by an unusual octagonal tower. In 1774 a church was built next to the chapel to replace the Dompeter that was too far away. The church was finally demolished in 1911 because the building was too small. The central dome and mural paintings were revealed in 1968 when a layer of whitewash was removed. The chapel contains two items that are registered as historical objects
  • A Monumental Painting 12th century
  • 2 Bronze Bells 1750 and 1753
  • A Processional Cross 15th century
  • A Statue: Virgin and child 16th century
  • A Bronze Bell 1788
  • An Organ 19th century
  • The Parish Church of Saint-Materne 1911. The Church of Saint-Materne was built in 1911 by architect Johann Knauth who was responsible for Strasbourg Cathedral. This building is the current parish church for Avolsheim which was consecrated in 1936. It is Neo-Romanesque and consists of a nave with aisles overlooked by a barrel-vaulted choir. The bell tower over the sacristy has three which were cast for the old parish church. When construction was complete the organ, dating from 1867 and which was installed by Joseph Dompeter Stiehr, was transferred from the old Church. The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects
  • A Processional Cross 2 17th century
  • A Statue: Virgin and child 18th century
  • A Processional Cross 1 18th century
  • A Wayside Cross: Mount Calvary: Flagellation of Christ at Chemin Werwelweg 17th century
  • A number of other sites are registered as historical objects
  • A Wayside Cross: Climbing Mount Calvary at C.D. 121 1856
  • A Wayside Cross: Christ on the Cross M at Route du Vin 1841
  • A Wayside Cross: Christ on the Cross H at Route du Vin 1705
  • A Relief: Belier at 1 Place de lEcole 12th century
  • A Wayside Cross N called Bildstock 18th century
  • A Wayside Cross F called Bildstock 1623
Other religious buildings
  • 2 Statues: Saint Catherine and Saint Apolline 18th century
  • The Church of Dompeter - one of the oldest churches in Alsace. This church is located in the centre of the Molsheim-Dachstein-Avolsheim triangle. Dedicated to Saint Peter by Materne, its exact age is not known but it is certain that Pope Leo IX consecrated the Dompeter around 1050. The name of the place comes from the Latin Domus Petri stone house although there is no trace of the primitive shrine which, according to legend, dates back to the beginning of Christianity. Excavations in 1914 revealed that the foundations on which the Dompeter is made date from Merovingian times. The various changes it has undergone have preserved traces of the era when the changes were done. It is an architectural wealth that allows the observation of the styles of different eras in one place: its bell tower is a perfect example. In 1767 the tower was partially destroyed in a fire. The destroyed part was replaced by an octagonal floor with a spire. After the abandonment of the building between the two wars, the Scouts have done some work in order to ensure its preservation. On the plaques which decorate the walls of the choir are engraved the names of the Scouts of Alsace who died during the Second World War. The church has one item that is registered as an historical object
                                     

6. Bibliography

  • François Reiner, Notice on the Ancient Church of Avolsheim, Levrault F. G, Strasbourg, 1827, 39 p. in French
  • Marc Grandadam, The Romanesque buildings in Avolsheim: Church of Dompeter, Chapel of Saint Ulrich, M. Grandadam, 1989, 20 p. in French
  • Louis Schlaefli, Avolsheim: small stories of great history, in Yearbook of the Historical and Archaeological Society of Molsheim and environs, 1996, p. 5-24 in French
  • Sigrid Metken, Dompeter in Avolsheim, Schnell u. Steiner Verlag, Munich, Zurich, 1968, 23 p. in German
  • Avolsheim over time: between Bruche and Mossig, Carre blanc, Strasbourg, 2003, 96 p. ISBN 2-84488-053-3 in French
                                     
  • Its seat is in Molsheim. It consists of the following communes: Altorf Avolsheim Bergbieten Bischoffsheim Boersch Dachstein Dahlenheim Dangolsheim Dorlisheim
  • 8 sq mi The communes of the arrondissement of Molsheim are: Altorf Avolsheim Balbronn Barembach Bellefosse Belmont Bergbieten Bischoffsheim Blancherupt
  • discovered in 1935 to the north of the town, on the Roman road leading from Avolsheim Molsheim is notable as the home of the Bugatti automotive industry factory
  • Selestat - Saverne railway, between the stations of Dorlisheim still opened and of Avolsheim closed The railway has been downgraded and left between the stations
  • Zinswiller 5 cantons 69 communes Canton of Molsheim 20 communes Altorf Avolsheim Dachstein Dinsheim - sur - Bruche Dorlisheim Duttlenheim Ergersheim Ernolsheim - Bruche
  • Marlenheim Wangen Westhoffen Traenheim Bergbieten Dangolsheim Soultz - les - Bains Avolsheim Molsheim Rosheim Boersch Ottrott Obernai Bernardswiller Heiligenstein
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
                                     
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim


                                     
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim
  • Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim

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GC1EME1 Source De La Mossig Traditional Cache in Grand Est.

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