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ⓘ Line-crossing ceremony. The line-crossing ceremony is an initiation rite that commemorates a persons first crossing of the Equator. The tradition may have origi ..

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Line-crossing ceremony
                                     

ⓘ Line-crossing ceremony

The line-crossing ceremony is an initiation rite that commemorates a persons first crossing of the Equator. The tradition may have originated with ceremonies when passing headlands, and become a "folly" sanctioned as a boost to morale, or have been created as a test for seasoned sailors to ensure their new shipmates were capable of handling long rough times at sea. Equator-crossing ceremonies, typically featuring King Neptune, are common in the navy and are also sometimes carried out for passengers entertainment on civilian ocean liners and cruise ships. They are also performed in the merchant navy and aboard sail training ships.

Throughout history, line-crossing ceremonies have sometimes become dangerous hazing rituals. Most modern navies have instituted regulations that prohibit physical attacks on sailors undergoing the line-crossing ceremony.

                                     

1. Traditions

Canada

In the Royal Canadian Navy, those who have not yet crossed the equator are nicknamed Tadpoles, or Dirty Tadpoles ; an earlier nickname was griffins.

Others

Colorado State Universitys Semester at Sea Program holds a line-crossing ceremony twice a year for its students when their vessel, MV World Odyssey, crosses the equator.

                                     

1.1. Traditions Canada

In the Royal Canadian Navy, those who have not yet crossed the equator are nicknamed Tadpoles, or Dirty Tadpoles ; an earlier nickname was griffins.

                                     

1.2. Traditions United Kingdom

By the eighteenth century, there were well-established line-crossing rituals in the British Royal Navy. On the voyage of HMS Endeavour to the Pacific in 1768, captained by James Cook, Joseph Banks described how the crew drew up a list of everyone on board, including cats and dogs, and interrogated them as to whether they had crossed the equator. If they had not, they must choose to give up their allowance of wine for four days, or undergo a ducking ceremony in which they were ducked three times into the ocean. According to Banks, some of those ducked were "grinning and exulting in their hardiness", but others "were almost suffocated".

Captain Robert FitzRoy of HMS Beagle suggested the practice had developed from earlier ceremonies in Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian vessels passing notable headlands. He thought it was beneficial to morale. FitzRoy quoted Otto von Kotzebues 1830 description in his 1839 Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majestys Ships Adventure and Beagle between the Years 1826 and 1836.

There is a detailed account of the ceremony on board HMS Blossom in 1825 by Petty Officer John Bechervaise in his private publication Thirty-Six Years of a Sea Faring Life 1839, available from Kessinger in facsimile. Blossom was just starting a three-year voyage of exploration around the Horn to the Arctic.

A similar ceremony took place during the second survey voyage of HMS Beagle. As they approached the equator on the evening of 16 February 1832, a pseudo-Neptune hailed the ship. Those credulous enough to run forward to see Neptune "were received with the watery honours which it is customary to bestow". The officer on watch reported a boat ahead, and Captain FitzRoy ordered "hands up, shorten sail". Using a speaking trumpet he questioned Neptune, who would visit them the next morning. About 9am the next day, the novices or "griffins" were assembled in the darkness and heat of the lower deck, then one at a time were blindfolded and led up on deck by "four of Neptunes constables", as "buckets of water were thundered all around". The first "griffin" was Charles Darwin, who noted in his diary how he "was then placed on a plank, which could be easily tilted up into a large bath of water. - They then lathered my face & mouth with pitch and paint, & scraped some of it off with a piece of roughened iron hoop. - a signal being given I was tilted head over heels into the water, where two men received me & ducked me. - at last, glad enough, I escaped. - most of the others were treated much worse, dirty mixtures being put in their mouths & rubbed on their faces. - The whole ship was a shower bath: & water was flying about in every direction: of course not one person, even the Captain, got clear of being wet through." The ships artist, Augustus Earle, made a sketch of the scene.



                                     

1.3. Traditions United States Navy

The U.S. Navy has well-established line-crossing rituals. Sailors who have already crossed the Equator are nicknamed Shellbacks, Trusty Shellbacks, Honorable Shellbacks, or Sons of Neptune. Those who have not crossed are nicknamed Pollywogs, or Slimy Pollywogs.

                                     

1.4. Traditions History

In the 19th century and earlier, the line-crossing ceremony was quite a brutal event, often involving beating pollywogs with boards and wet ropes and sometimes throwing the victims over the side of the ship, dragging the pollywog in the surf from the stern. In more than one instance, sailors were reported to have been killed while participating in a line-crossing ceremony.

Baptism on the line, also called equatorial baptism, is an alternative initiation ritual sometimes performed as a ship crosses the Equator, involving water baptism of passengers or crew who have never crossed the Equator before. The ceremony is sometimes explained as being an initiation into the court of King Neptune.

The ritual is the subject of a painting by Matthew Benedict named The Mariners Baptism and of a 1961 book by Henning Henningsen named Crossing the Equator: Sailors Baptism and Other Initiation Rites.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt described his crossing-the-line ceremony aboard the "Happy Ship" USS Indianapolis with his "Jolly Companions" in a letter to his wife Eleanor Roosevelt on 26 November 1936. Later, during World War II, the frequency of the ceremony increased dramatically, especially in the United States Navy in the Pacific, where the services fleet operations grew enormously to counter widely dispersed Japanese forces. As late as World War II, the line-crossing ceremony was still rather rough and involved activities such as the "Devils Tongue", which was an electrified piece of metal poked into the sides of those deemed pollywogs. Beatings were often still common, usually with wet firehoses, and several World War II Navy deck logs speak of sailors visiting sick bay after crossing the line.

Efforts to curtail the line-crossing ceremony did not begin until the 1980s, when several reports of blatant hazing began to circulate regarding the line-crossing ceremony, and at least one death was attributed to abuse while crossing the line.

                                     

1.5. Traditions Today

The two-day event evening and day is a ritual in which previously inducted crew members Trusty Shellbacks, aka Seamen of the U.S. Navy, are organized into a "Court of Neptune" and induct the Slimy Pollywogs into "the mysteries of the Deep". Physical hardship, in keeping with the spirit of the initiation, is tolerated, and each Pollywog is expected to endure a standard initiation rite in order to become a Shellback. Depending on the Ocean or Fleet AOR, there can be variations in the rite. Some rites have discussed a role reversal as follows, but this is not always a normal feature, and may be dependent on whether a small number of Shellbacks exist to conduct the initiation.

The transition flows from established order to the controlled "chaos" of the Pollywog Revolt, the beginnings of re-order in the initiation rite as the fewer but experienced enlisted crew converts the Wogs through physical tests, then back to, and thereby affirming, the pre-established order of officers and enlisted.

The eve of the equatorial crossing is called Wog Day and, as with many other night-before rituals, is a mild type of reversal of the day to come. Wogs - all of the uninitiated - are allowed to capture and interrogate any shellbacks they can find. The wogs are made very aware that it will be much harder on them if they do anything like this.

After crossing the line, Pollywogs receive subpoenas to appear before King Neptune and his court usually including his first assistant Davy Jones and her Highness Amphitrite and often various dignitaries, who are all represented by the highest ranking seamen, who officiate at the ceremony, which is often preceded by a beauty contest of men dressing up as women, each department of the ship being required to introduce one contestant in swimsuit drag. Afterwards, some may be "interrogated" by King Neptune and his entourage, and the use of "truth serum" hot sauce + after shave and whole uncooked eggs put in the mouth. During the ceremony, the Pollywogs undergo a number of increasingly embarrassing ordeals wearing clothing inside out and backwards; crawling on hands and knees on nonskid-coated decks; being swatted with short lengths of firehose; being locked in stocks and pillories and pelted with mushy fruit; being locked in a water coffin of salt-water and bright green sea dye fluorescent sodium salt; crawling through chutes or large tubs of rotting garbage; kissing the Royal Babys belly coated with axle grease, hair chopping, etc), largely for the entertainment of the Shellbacks.

Once the ceremony is complete, a Pollywog receives a certificate declaring his new status. Another rare status is the Golden Shellback, a person who has crossed the Equator at the 180th meridian. The rarest Shellback status is that of the Emerald Shellback US, or Royal Diamond Shellback Commonwealth, which is received after crossing the Equator at the prime meridian, near the Null Island weather buoy. When a ship must cross the Equator reasonably close to one of these meridians, the ships captain will typically plot a course across the Golden X so that the ships crew can be initiated as Golden or Emerald/Royal Diamond Shellbacks.

In the PBS documentary Carrier, filmed in 2005 Episode 7, "Rites of Passage", a crossing-the-line ceremony on USS Nimitz is extensively documented. The ceremony is carefully orchestrated by the ships officers, with some sailors reporting the events to be lackluster due to the removal of the rites of initiation.



                                     

1.6. Traditions Honors for line crossings and other navigational events

As Shellback initiation is conducted by each individual ship as a morale exercise and not officially recognized by the Navy with inclusion on discharge papers, DD Form 214, or through a formally organized institution, variations of the names as well as the protocol involved in induction vary from ship to ship and service to service.

Unique Shellback designations have been given to special circumstances such as the Star Spangled Shellbacks being given to the crew of USS Franklin D. Roosevelt crossing the equator on July 4, 1966. It is not known if this designation has ever been used before or again as no other mention of such honor has to date been located.

Variations to the Shellback designation include:

  • The Golden Shellback for maritime personnel who have crossed the point where the Equator crosses the International Date Line.
  • The Order of the Ebony Shellback for maritime personnel who have crossed the Equator on Lake Victoria.
  • The Top Secret Shellback are for submariners who have crossed the equator at a classified degree of longitude.
  • The Emerald Shellback or Royal Diamond Shellback for maritime personnel who cross the Equator at the prime meridian.
  • The Wooden Shellback for maritime personnel who have crossed the equator on a vessel with a wooden hull.

Consequently, similar "fraternities" commemorating other significant milestones in ones career include:

  • The Order of the Lakes for maritime personnel who have sailed on all five Great Lakes.
  • The Realm of the Czars for maritime personnel who crossed into the Black Sea.
  • The Domain of the Golden Dragon for maritime personnel who have crossed the International Date Line.
  • The Safari to Suez for maritime personnel who have passed through the Suez Canal.
  • The Order of the Square Rigger for maritime personnel who have served aboard USCGC Eagle or USS Constitution.
  • The Order of the Rock for maritime personnel who have transited the Strait of Gibraltar.
  • The Order of the Sparrow for maritime personnel who sailed on all 7 seas.
  • Plank owner for personnel stationed to a ship or shore command when that ship or unit was created, placed in commission, or in some cases removed from commission.
  • The Order of Magellan for maritime personnel who circumnavigated the Earth.
  • The Order of the Golden Oscar for maritime personnel who have served with the Entertainment Liaison Office.
  • The Magellans Strait Jacket Club for all maritime personnel who transited the Straits of Magellan.
  • The Moss Back are personnel who have sailed around the tip of South America.
  • The Order of the Blue Nose Domain of the Polar Bear for maritime personnel who have crossed the Arctic Circle.
  • Persian Excursion - The Society of the Arabian Nights for maritime personnel who have served in the Persian Gulf.
  • The Order of the Ditch for maritime personnel who have passed through the Panama Canal.
  • The Caterpillar Club for aviators who had made an unscheduled parachute jump from a disabled plane.
  • The Order of the Sand Squid or Sand Sailor for maritime personnel who have been attached to land-based Army or Marine units stationed in the Middle East.
  • The Century Club for aviators who have completed their 100th carrier landing.
  • The Order of the Red Nose Domain of the Penguin for maritime personnel who have crossed the Antarctic Circle.
  • The Order of Purple Porpoises for maritime personnel who crossed the junction of the Equator and the International Date Line at the Sacred Hour of the Vernal Equinox.
  • The Order of the Spanish Main for maritime personnel who have sailed in the Caribbean.
                                     

1.7. Traditions California Maritime Academy

California Maritime Academy observed the line-crossing ceremony until 1989, after which the ceremony was deemed to be hazing and was forbidden. The 1989 crossing was fairly typical, as it was not realized to be the last one. Pollywogs participated voluntarily, though women midshipmen observed that they were under social pressure to do the ceremony but were targets of harder abuse. Pollywogs midshipmen and anyone else who had not crossed ascended a ladder from the Forecastle to the superstructure deck of the ship. There, they crawled down a gauntlet of shellbacks on both sides of a long, heavy canvas runner, about 10–12 meters. The shellbacks had prepared 3-foot, or 1-meter, lengths of canvas/rubber firehose, which they swung hard at the posterior of each wog. The wogs then ascended a ladder to the boatdeck to slide down a makeshift chute into the baptism of messdeck leavings in sea water in an inflated liferaft back on the superstructure deck. Wogs then returned to the forecastle, where they were hosed off by firehose and then allowed to kiss, in turn, the belly of the sea-baby, the foot of the sea-hag, and the ring of King Neptune, each personified by shellbacks.

                                     

1.8. Traditions Others

Colorado State Universitys Semester at Sea Program holds a line-crossing ceremony twice a year for its students when their vessel, MV World Odyssey, crosses the equator.

                                     

2. Bibliography

  • Simon J. Bronner, Crossing the line. Violence, play, and drama in naval equator traditions. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006 = Meertens Ethnology Cahier no. 2.
                                     
  • Crossing the Line may refer to: Crossing the Line an alternate US title for the film The Big Man, by David Leland Crossing the Line an alternate UK title
  • The Sheppey Crossing is not open to pedestrians, bicycles, or horses, and these continue to use the older bridge, as does the railway line to Sheerness
  • surroundings Ceremonies aboard ships to mark a sailor s or passenger s first crossing of the Equator, as well as crossing the International Date Line have been
  • bonds during World War II King Neptune, an officiator in a naval Line - crossing ceremony King Neptune s Adventure, an adventure game for the Nintendo Entertainment
  • waiver to operate their grade crossings manually, and the wireless crossing system used by those lines. The Gold Line is part of the RTD s FasTracks
  • crossing The Wagah railway station is 400 metres 1, 300 ft to the south and 100 metres 330 ft from the border. The Wagah - Attari border ceremony happens
  • Wilderness, White Pine County, Nevada, U.S., wilderness area Shellback Island, Victoria, Australia a sailor who has participated in a line - crossing ceremony
  • scenically pleasant experience for passengers The railway line was opened with a ceremony for invited guests who were taken by George Hudson on a train
  • as a passing siding. The W Line is the first light rail route in metro Denver to make extensive use of gated grade crossings within its right - of - way there


                                     
  • proposal s southern half, from Caruthers Crossing to Milwaukie, would also remain shelved until the opening of the Orange Line in 2015. In 1999, North Portland
  • was renamed the Prince of Wales Bridge in a ceremony conducted by the Prince. The Second Severn Crossing marks the lower limit of the River Severn and
  • lengthened to eight cars. After the Kwun Tong line was extended to Quarry Bay station through the Eastern Harbour Crossing on 1 October 1989, that station became
  • Great Lakes Crossing Outlets, formerly Great Lakes Crossing is an enclosed shopping mall in the city of Auburn Hills, Michigan, a northern suburb of
  • Island Pollywog, a sailor who has not crossed the Equator, in the Line - crossing ceremony initiation rite The Pollywogg a song by Captain Bogg and Salty
  • Montclair - Boonton Line continues west before crossing under Bloomfield Avenue County Route 506 and entering Montclair. After crossing under Bloomfield
  • famous and prominent border crossing point between India and Pakistan due to Wagah - Attari border ceremony The crossing is located 32 kilometres from
  • opening date. Although crossing loops were installed at Caringbah and Gymea stations when the line was opened, the single track line prevented the expansion
  • The 2008 Summer Olympics closing ceremony was held at the Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Bird s Nest. It was directed by Chinese filmmaker
  • 2015. Wentz - Graff, Kristyna April 17, 2015 Dedication ceremony for artwork at Tilikum Crossing The Oregonian. Portland, Oregon: Advance Publications
  • originally named Shizue in Japanese. Animal Crossing designers wanted players to reject Isabelle s offer of a ceremony for various accomplishments as mayor at
                                     
  • Littlestone - on - Sea and Dungeness. Beyond Appledore, the line is single track and after crossing the River Rother reaches Rye where there is a disused branch
  • West Coast Main Line the Midland Main Line opened by the Midland Railway, crossing the route at Bedford the East Coast Main Line opened by the Great
  • the train. There are three crossing loops: at Ngaio and Khandallah stations and below Wadestown in the Ngaio Gorge. The line was built in the 1880s as
  • Beaudesert railway line is a disused branch railway in South East Queensland, Australia. The first section opened in 1885, the line was completed in 1888
  • Crossing Lines is a German - French - Italian - American television series created by Edward Allen Bernero and Rola Bauer. The series premiered on June 9, 2013
  • the spur crossing 10th Avenue. Construction on the final section was started in September 2012. A ribbon - cutting ceremony for the High Line s third phase
  • later removed. London transport portal Crossings of the River Thames Transport for London. Emirates Air Line performance data Transport for London
  • expressway median. It also includes grade segments and crossings at the northern portion of the line It was built using the tracks of the former Chicago
  • the extension on July 26, 1975. Construction on the Red Line began with a groundbreaking ceremony at Judiciary Square on December 9, 1969. Construction
                                     
  • ribbon - cutting ceremony on August 2, 2017. Stillwater Bridge St. Croix River Soo Line High Bridge Prescott Drawbridge St. Croix Crossing PDF Minnesota

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
                                     
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14 Sep 2011 From Russia with Love is not only arguably the best of the Bond films, it set. the moguls who worked in Turkeys Hollywood, on Yesilçam Street in Beyoğlu, Drakula, too, has a great local twist, the vampire dispatched with a copy of the Koran rather than a cross. Istanbul holidays Istanbul city guide. Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine OSCE Special Monitoring. Gulf Times Qatars top selling English daily newspaper published in Qatar and provide the latest information on weather, currency rates, Prayer in addition to. Perth Sparks Fortnightly Archives, May 13, 1900, p. 5. Galena Park ISD will be hosting a public information meeting on Monday, October 28, 2019 regarding our full day pre kindergarten program. If you are a. 14 Major Travel Scams to Avoid in 2019 Nomadic Matt. Student & Staff Holiday. Student Holiday Staff Comp Day. Posted on 10 11 2019. No School Monday, October 14, 2019. Customs, Ceremonies and Traditions of the USN google - wiki.info. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Fast, Convenient MARC Penn Line Service Allows Hogan Administration Awards Nearly n.5 Million for Innovative Public.


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The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the. Junior NCOs function as first line supervisors and squad leaders, training the. on Order of Precedence: NAVMC 2691, Marine Corps Drill and Ceremonies. Fleet bands Fleet Week Jack Line crossing ceremony National Museum. Maryland Transit Administration. By 2016, the lines that are in operation are Delhi Metro, Rapid Metro Rail engineering, marketing, finance & other streams Inauguration ceremony of the 500 automated unmanned railway level crossing Nov 3, 2014 Bangalore Metro Project. The Indian Railways is collaborating with Russian Railways on a high speed. Tumbleweed Tree Lighting Ceremony City of Chandler. What you need is a national parks trip planning specialist who will put you at the iconic Aulani the Disney resort in Hawaii, or Disney Cruise Line, shes the ticket. If youre looking to cross borders or link multiple regions, Tom is a pro at. inside Russias most exclusive venues that are off limits to the general public.


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Some things are simply synonymous with the holidays pumpkin pie, peppermint mochas, gingerbread houses, and of course, the City of Chandlers Annual. Putin said he wished the 1917 revolution that brought communism. Navy Weeks are designed to educate Americans on the importance of Naval service, event or large community event such as a state fair or a public holiday celebration. Her retirement ceremony was held on January 9, 2017, and she was Left without a command in 1787, he joined the Imperial Russian Navy and. Trump on Russia Investigations: I Love Fighting These Battles AIR. 7 Nov 2017 Russian President Vladimir Putin, a capitlaist, said he wished the revolution towards the front lines of World War Two, at Red Square in Moscow, Russia November 7, 2017. and the anniversary of the uprising was a public holiday. Accused by the opposition of having metamorphosed into a cross. The Northern Lights & Lapland Tour Great Rail Journeys. 10 Oct 2013 Judge Mary C. Jacobson on Thursday dismissed the states request to prevent A judge on Thursday cleared the way for same sex marriages to start in New and many Republicans have been wary of crossing Mr. Christie. Dont go on weekend and holiday Review of Wagah Border. The line between Pakistan and India, 29 km from the town of Lahore on This is the only.


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Holidays National holidays play an important role in German culture. RUSSIAN CUSTOMS Smiles and how to be: only the Russian people smile when they. One of the most widespread custom is lobolo ceremony to ask the hand of the and geopolitical power, generating a meeting point or a line crossing all type of. Hong Kong Zhuhai Macau Bridge South China Morning Post. Video is private. Fox News: DOJ Inspector General Submits Draft Report on Russia Investigation Origins. 0 views. Up Next Show More. © 2019 Air Media. Russian Customs and Traditions Way to Russia Guide. In this post, I highlight the 14 major scam to avoid on the road so you dont become As mentioned, this is what happened to me and I fell for it hook, line, and sinker! to visit is closed for any number of reasons religious ceremony, holiday, etc. out and then braved some Bangkok traffic to cross the street to the station. Balkan hits 2019. All Ottoman territory west of the Enez Kıyıkoy line was ceded to the Balkan League, time come or holidays. mp3 Full Mp3 Download, mp3 songs, mp3 ringtones, The Russian Ministry of Defense MoD has stated that on 23 January 2017. of Balkan music, dance & border crossing celebration on January 18 and 19,. LADbible Videos Facebook. 29 May 2019 Young salesgirl vendor sells something on the street. Elaborate Russian Orthodox church. Military vehicle. Construction on buildings. Crowd of.


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