Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 56

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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Pernstejn Castle

Pernstejn Castle is a castle on a rock above the village of Nedvedice and the rivers Svratka and Nedvedicka, some 40 kilometres northwest of Brno, in the South Moravian Region, Czech Republic. Pernstejn came to be known as the marble castle becau ...

                                               

Chateau du Plessis-Bourre

Chateau du Plessis-Bourre is a chateau in the Loire Valley in France, situated in the commune of Ecuille in the Maine-et-Loire department. Built in less than 5 years from 1468 to 1472 by Finance Minister Jean Bourre, the principal advisor to King ...

                                               

Portumna Castle

Portumna Castle is a semi-fortified house in Portumna, County Galway, Ireland. It was built in the early 17th century by the 4th Earl of Clanricarde, Richard Burke.

                                               

Castle of Pubol

The Castle of Pubol or Gala Dali Castle House-Museum, located in Pubol in the comarca of Baix Empordà, Girona, Catalonia, Spain, is a medieval building where the surrealist painter Salvador Dalis enormous creative efforts were focused on a single ...

                                               

Chateau de Puymartin

The Chateau de Puymartin is a castle in the commune of Marquay, in the Dordogne departement of France, located between Sarlat and Les Eyzies

                                               

Rabi Castle

Rabi or Rabi is a ruined castle in Southwestern Bohemia, on a prominent hill by the central course of the River Otava, in the foothills of Sumava region, 130 kilometres from Prague, Czech Republic. It is the largest castle from all Czech castles. ...

                                               

Schloss Rheydt

Schloss Rheydt is a Renaissance palace in Rheydt, Monchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Over the years the building has been the family seat of various noble families, including the Bylandt-Rheydt dynasty that ruled over Rheydt for ov ...

                                               

Rathfarnham Castle

The earlier Irish castle was replaced by the present building built on lands confiscated from the Eustace family of Baltinglass because of their involvement in the Second Desmond Rebellion. The Geraldines defended the Pale from the Irish clans in ...

                                               

Chateau du Rivau

The Chateau du Rivau is a castle-palace in Lemere, in the Touraine region, France. In Rabelais Gargantua, it was given to captain Tolmere as a reward for his victories in the Picrocholean Wars. In 1429, towards the end of the Hundred Years War, b ...

                                               

Saranta Kolones

Saranta Kolones is a ruined medieval fortress inside the Paphos Archaeological Park and it is located just north of the harbour of Paphos, on the island of Cyprus. It takes its name from the large number of granite columns that were found on the ...

                                               

Castel Sant'Angelo

The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel SantAngelo, is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was ...

                                               

São Jorge Castle

São Jorge Castle" ; English: Saint George Castle) is a historic castle in the Portuguese capital of Lisbon, located in the freguesia of Santa Maria Maior. Human occupation of the castle hill dates to at least the 8th century BC while the first fo ...

                                               

Bodrum Castle

Bodrum Castle is a historical fortification located in southwest Turkey in the port city of Bodrum, built from 1402 onwards, by the Knights of St John as the Castle of St. Peter or Petronium. A transnational effort, it has four towers known as th ...

                                               

Slane Castle

Slane Castle is located in the village of Slane, within the Boyne Valley of County Meath, Ireland. The castle has been the family seat of the Conyngham family since it was built in the late 18th century, on land first purchased in 1703 by Brig Ge ...

                                               

Sforza Castle

Sforza Castle is in Milan, northern Italy. It was built in the 15th century by Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, on the remnants of a 14th-century fortification. Later renovated and enlarged, in the 16th and 17th centuries it was one of the larges ...

                                               

Tullynally Castle

Tullynally Castle is a country house situated some 2 km from Castlepollard on the Coole village road in County Westmeath, Ireland. The gothic style building has over 120 rooms and has been home to the Pakenham family for over 350 years. The house ...

                                               

Termonfeckin

Termonfeckin or Termonfechin is a small village and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is within the parish of the same name, and lies 8 km north-east of Drogheda. The population of the village was 653 as of the 2006 census, rising to 1.443 in ...

                                               

Trim Castle

Trim Castle is a Norman castle on the south bank of the River Boyne in Trim, County Meath, Ireland. With an area of 30.000 m², it is the largest Norman castle in Ireland. Over a period of 30 years, it was built by Hugh de Lacy and his son Walter ...

                                               

Walden Castle

Walden Castle was a medieval castle in Essex, England, built during the Anarchy of the 12th century. Only the ruined core of the structure remains today.

                                               

Warkworth Castle

Warkworth Castle is a ruined medieval building in the village of the same name in the English county of Northumberland. The village and castle occupy a loop of the River Coquet, less than a mile from Englands north-east coast. When the castle was ...

                                               

Viljandi Castle

Viljandi castle of Livonian Order, construction of which started 1224 in place of a former hillfort, was one of the strongest castles in Livonia. Finally destroyed in the Polish-Swedish wars in the early 17th century, ruins of it now form a popul ...

                                               

Feartagar Castle

The tower house was built in the 15th–17th century by the de Burgos Burkes, de Burca. Descendants of William de Burgh c. 1160 – 1205/06, Anglo-Norman knight and close friend of King John, the Burkes ruled in Connacht for centuries. They were disp ...

                                               

Huntington Castle, Clonegal

Huntington Castle, also known as Clonegal Castle, is a castle in Clonegal, County Carlow, Ireland, built in 1625. The structure was originally a "plantation castle", used for defensive purposes during the plantation of the area in the early 17th ...

                                               

Hikone Castle

Hikone Castle is a Japanese Edo-period castle in the city of Hikone, in Shiga Prefecture. It is considered the most significant historical building in Shiga. Hikone is one of only 12 Japanese castles with the original keep, and one of only five c ...

                                               

Himeji Castle

Himeji Castle is a hilltop Japanese castle complex situated in the city of Himeji which is located in the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan. The castle is regarded as the finest surviving example of prototypical Japanese castle architecture, comprising a ...

                                               

Hiroshima Castle

Hiroshima Castle, sometimes called Carp Castle, is a castle in Hiroshima, Japan that was the home of the daimyō of the Hiroshima han. The castle was constructed in the 1590s, but was destroyed by the atomic bombing on August 6, 1945. It was rebui ...

                                               

Česky Sternberk Castle

Česky Sternberk Castle is a Bohemian castle of the mid-13th century, located on the west side of the River Sazava overlooking the village with the same name of the Central Bohemian Region in Czech Republic. It is an early Gothic castle which was ...

                                               

Chateau de Chambord

The Chateau de Chambord in Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France, is one of the most recognisable chateaux in the world because of its very distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaiss ...

                                               

Svihov Castle

The Svihov Castle is a water castle, which was built in the Gothic period. It is located in the town Svihov in the Plzen Region of the Czech Republic.

                                               

Chateau de Chenonceau

The Chateau de Chenonceau is a French chateau spanning the River Cher, near the small village of Chenonceaux in the Indre-et-Loire departement of the Loire Valley in France. It is one of the best-known chateaux of the Loire valley, and it and Mon ...

                                               

Spilberk Castle

Spilberk Castle is a castle on the hilltop in Brno, Southern Moravia. Its construction began as early as the first half of the 13th century by the Peemyslid kings and complete by King Ottokar II of Bohemia. From a major royal castle established a ...

                                               

Enniskillen Castle

Enniskillen Castle is situated in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It was originally built in the 16th century and now houses the Fermanagh County Museum and the regimental museum of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Ro ...

                                               

Enniscorthy Castle

The first stone castle was built on site in the 1190s by Anglo Norman Knight; Philip De Prendergast and his wife Maud. Philip, Maud and their descendants resided at the Castle until the 1370s. Art MacMurrough Kavanagh attacked Enniscorthy Castle ...

                                               

Orebro Castle

Orebro Castle is a medieval castle fortification in Orebro, Narke, Sweden. It was expanded during the reign of the royal family Vasa and finally rebuilt about 1900. The castle lies on an island in river Svartån. Some of the rooms are used as clas ...

                                               

Castello Estense

The Castello Estense or castello di San Michele is a moated medieval castle in the center of Ferrara, northern Italy. It consists of a large block with four corner towers.

                                               

Ashford Castle

Ashford Castle is a medieval and Victorian castle that has been expanded over the centuries and turned into a five star luxury hotel near Cong on the Mayo-Galway border, on the shore of Lough Corrib in Ireland. It is a member of the Leading Hotel ...

                                               

Chateau d'Usse

Usse is a castle in the Indre-et-Loire departement, in France. The stronghold at the edge of the Chinon forest overlooking the Indre Valley was first fortified in the eleventh century by the Norman seigneur of Usse, Gueldin de Saumur, who surroun ...

                                               

Osaka Castle

Osaka Castle is a Japanese castle in Chūō-ku, Osaka, Japan. The castle is one of Japans most famous landmarks and it played a major role in the unification of Japan during the sixteenth century of the Azuchi-Momoyama period.

                                               

Chateau des ducs de Bretagne

This article includes information translated from the Wikipedia article Chateau des ducs de Bretagne The Chateau des ducs de Bretagne is a large castle located in the city of Nantes in the Loire-Atlantique departement of France; it served as the ...

                                               

Love lock

A love lock or love padlock is a padlock that sweethearts lock to a bridge, fence, gate, monument, or similar public fixture to symbolize their love. Typically the sweethearts names or initials, and perhaps the date, are inscribed on the padlock, ...

                                               

Water castle

A water castle is a castle or stately home whose site is entirely surrounded by water-filled moats or natural waterbodies such as island castles in a river or offshore.

                                               

Spur castle

A spur castle is a type of medieval fortification that uses its location as a defensive feature. The name refers to the location on a spur projecting from a hill. Ideally, a spur castle would be defended on three sides by steep hillsides, with th ...

                                               

Zbarazh Castle

Zbarazh Castle is a fortified defense stronghold in Zbarazh, built during the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It dominates the crests of the Zamkova Hills of Ternopil Oblast in Western Ukraine next to the citys central plaza that was ...

                                               

Zoloty Potik castle

Zoloty Potik castle is an architectural landmark of Polish and Ukrainian national significance in Ternopil Oblast, Western Ukraine built under the Polish rule between the 16th and 17th centuries nearby the urban-type settlement of Zloty Potok.

                                               

Zolochiv Castle

Zolochiv Castle was a residence of the Sobieski noble family on a hill at the confluence of two small rivers in the south-eastern part of Zolochiv, Galicia. The rectangular fort was built in 1634-36 by Jakub Sobieski using the labor of enslaved C ...

                                               

Kalmar Castle

During the twelfth century a round defensive tower was built on Kalmarsund and a harbour constructed. At the end of the thirteenth century King Magnus Ladulås had a new fortress built with a curtain wall, round corner towers and two square gateho ...

                                               

Korets Castle

The Korets Castle is a castle built in Korets ca. 1400 by either Prince Theodor Ostrogski or Prince Dymitr Korybut. Its main tower is featured in the towns emblem. The moated castle on the bank of the Korchyk River was the seat of the princely Ho ...

                                               

Kreva Castle

Kreva Castle is the ruins of a major fortified residence of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania in the village of Kreva, Belarus. The village lies 220 metres above sea level. Algirdass brother Kestutis was imprisoned and murdered in the Kreva Castle in ...

                                               

Kremenets Castle

Kremenets Castle is situated in the city of Kremenets, Ukraine. The castle was built of limestone on a steep hill. The keep located on its west side, and its width was 65 metres and length of 135 metres. All the elevation was surrounded by a tall ...

                                               

Česky Krumlov Castle

Česky Krumlov Castle is a castle located in the city of Česky Krumlov in the Czech Republic. It dates back to 1240 when the first castle was built by the Vitkovci family, the main branch of the powerful Bohemian family Rosenberg. Currently the ca ...

                                               

Lida Castle

Lida Castle was one of several citadels erected by Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania in the early 14th century to defend his lands against the expansion of the Teutonic Knights. Other links in this chain of defense included Hrodna, Navahrudak, Kr ...

                                               

Limassol Castle

The medieval Limassol Castle is situated near the old harbour in the heart of the historical centre of the city of Limassol. The castle as it appears today is a structure rebuilt circa 1590 under the period of Ottoman rule.

                                               

Litomysl Castle

Litomysl Castle is one of the largest Renaissance castles in the Czech Republic. It is owned by the Czech state. It is located in the centre the town of Litomysl and was declared a UNESCO Site in 1999. Litomysl Castle is an outstanding example of ...

                                               

Lubart's Castle

Lutsk Castle, also locally known as Lubarts Castle or Upper Castle, began its life in the mid-14th century as the fortified seat of Gediminas son Liubartas, the last ruler of united Galicia-Volhynia. It is the most prominent landmark of Lutsk, Uk ...

                                               

Lublin Castle

The Lublin Castle is a medieval castle in Lublin, Poland, adjacent to the Old Town district and close to the city center. It is one of the oldest preserved Royal residencies in Poland, established by High Duke Casimir II the Just.

                                               

Lubcha Castle

Lubcha Castle was a residential castle of the Radziwill family on the left bank of the Neman River at Lubcha near Navahradak Belarus. The castle began its life in 1581 as a fortified residence of Jan Kiszka, a powerful Calvinist magnate. It had t ...

                                               

Liahavichy Castle

Liachavicy Castle was a fortified Belarus castle. It was one of the most significant castles in Belarus in the 17th century. It may have been in existence as a hill fort since the eleventh or twelfth century. It was built at the end of the 16th c ...

                                               

Medzhybizh Fortress

Medzhybizh Castle, built as a bulwark against Ottoman expansion in the 1540s, became one of the strongest fortresses of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in Podolia. It is situated at the confluence of the Southern Bug and Buzhenka rivers, in th ...

                                               

Mir Castle Complex

The Mir Castle Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Belarus. It is in the town of Mir, in the Karelicy District of the Hrodna voblast, at 53°27′4.46″N 26°28′22.80″E, 29 kilometres north-west of another World Heritage site, Niasviz Castle. M ...

                                               

Saint Michael's Castle

St. Michaels Castle, also called the Mikhailovsky Castle or the Engineers Castle, is a former royal residence in the historic centre of Saint Petersburg, Russia. St. Michaels Castle was built as a residence for Emperor Paul I by architects Vincen ...

                                               

Muran Castle

Muran Castle, is a ruin of a medieval castle situated above the village of Muran, in the Muranska planina National Park in Slovakia. The castle is noteworthy for its unusually high altitude of 935 m making it the third highest located castle in S ...

                                               

Hermann Castle

Hermann Castle is a castle in Narva, eastern Estonia. It was founded in 1256 by the Danes and the first stone castle was built in the beginning of the 14th century. The German Livonian Order purchased the castle on 29 August 1346, and owned it fo ...

                                               

Nevytske Castle

Nevytske Castle is a semi-ruined castle in Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine. It is located 12 kilometres 7.5 mi north of Uzhhorod near villages Nevytske and Kamianytsia, Uzhhorod Raion along the H13. The castle is located in woods on the hill of volca ...

                                               

Nesvizh Castle

Niasviz Castle or Nesvizh Castle is a residential castle of the Radziwill family in Niasviz, Belarus. It is 183 metres above sea level. 1919 - 1945 the complex was in Poland and was considered one of the most beautiful castles in the Kresy region.

                                               

Navahrudak Castle

The former castle in Navahrudak, Belarus was one of the key strongholds of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, cited by Maciej Stryjkowski as the location of Mindaugass coronation as King of Lithuania as well as his likely burial place. Modern historia ...

                                               

Newcastle Castle, Bridgend

Newcastle Castle is a medieval castle located on Newcastle Hill, Newcastle, overlooking the town centre of Bridgend in Glamorgan, South Wales. It was originally believed to date from 1106 when a ringwork was created at the site by the Norman baro ...

                                               

Olesko Castle

Olesko Castle is located within the borders of the present-day Busk Raion in Ukraine. The first historical records of the castle are in a document dated 1390, when Pope Boniface IX gave Olesko and Tustan to a Catholic bishop of Halych. It is loca ...

                                               

Olyka Castle

Olyka Castle was the principal seat of the Radziwill princely family in Volhynia from 1564 until the late 18th century. The founder of the castle was Prince Mikolaj "the Black" Radziwill who gave Olyka to his youngest son Stanislaw. Two senior br ...

                                               

Ostroh Castle

The Ostroh Castle is a castle in the city of Ostroh, located in the Rivne Oblast of western Ukraine. In the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, the castle was the key stronghold of the powerful House of Ostroh. Today it is in ruins.

                                               

Pardubice

Pardubice ; German: Pardubitz) is a city in the Czech Republic. It is the capital city of the Pardubice Region and lies on the river Elbe, 96 kilometres east of Prague. There is an old tower and a castle. Factories include the Synthesia chemical ...

                                               

Pishchalauski Castle

The Minsk Detention Center No. 1) is the central prison of the Republic of Belarus located in Minsk.

                                               

Pidhirtsi Castle

Pidhirtsi Castle is a residential castle-fortress located in the village of Pidhirtsi in Lviv Oblast western Ukraine, located eighty kilometers east of Lviv. It was constructed by Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan between 1635–1640 by order of the ...

                                               

Reichenstein Castle (Arlesheim)

Reichenstein Castle is a castle in the municipality of Arlesheim in the canton of Basel-Land in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. It is one of four castles on a slope called Birseck that confines the plain of the ...

                                               

Riga Castle

Riga Castle is a castle on the banks of River Daugava in Riga, the capital of Latvia. The castle was founded in 1330. Its structure was thoroughly rebuilt between 1497 and 1515. Upon the castles seizure by the Swedes, they constructed spacious an ...

                                               

Rochester Castle

Rochester Castle stands on the east bank of the River Medway in Rochester, Kent, South East England. The 12th-century keep or stone tower, which is the castles most prominent feature, is one of the best preserved in England or France. Situated on ...

                                               

Starokostiantyniv Castle

The Starokostiantyniv Castle is a Volhynian castle built at the confluence of the Sluch and Ikopot rivers by Prince Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski in the 1560s. The castle of Starokostiantyniv has withstood many attacks by the Turks and the Crimean Ta ...

                                               

Stare Selo Castle

Stare Selo Castle is a castle in Stare Selo village, Pustomyty Raion, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. This castle, or fortress, was built by the princely Ostrozky family. Its original timber fortifications, first mentioned in 1448, were destroyed by the in ...

                                               

Trakai Island Castle

Trakai Island Castle is an island castle located in Trakai, Lithuania, on an island in Lake Galve. The construction of the stone castle was begun in the 14th century by Kestutis, and around 1409 major works were completed by his son Vytautas the ...

                                               

Turaida Castle

Turaida Castle is a recently reconstructed medieval castle in Turaida, in the Vidzeme region of Latvia, on the opposite bank of the Gauja River from Sigulda.

                                               

Uzhhorod Castle

Uzhhorod Castle is an extensive citadel on a hill in Uzhhorod, Ukraine. It was built in a mixture of architectural styles and materials between the 13th and 18th centuries and figured heavily in the history of Hungary. The very name of Uzhhorod/U ...

                                               

Warwick Castle

Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from a wooden fort, originally built by William the Conqueror during 1068. Warwick is the county town of Warwickshire, England, situated on a bend of the River Avon. The original wooden motte-and-bail ...

                                               

Cēsis Castle

Cēsis Castle is one of the most iconic and best preserved medieval castles in Latvia. The foundations of the castle were laid 800 years ago by the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. The most prosperous period Cēsis Castle experienced was during its ...

                                               

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, from its position on the Castle Rock. Archaeologists have established human occupation of the rock since at least the Iron Age, althou ...

                                               

Chateau d'Ecouen

The Chateau dEcouen is an historic chateau in the commune of Ecouen, some 20 km north of Paris, France, and a notable example of French Renaissance architecture. Since 1975, it has housed the collections of the Musee national de la Renaissance. T ...

                                               

Kost Castle

Kost Castle is located in the Jicin District of the Czech Republic. Kost Castle lies in Northern Bohemia, specifically the region Bohemian Paradise Česky Raj and is privately owned by Kinsky dal Borgo noble family It was founded by Benes von Wart ...

                                               

Glehn Castle

The manor was designed and established by Nikolai von Glehn on the northern part of the lands of his Jalgimae Manor to become his new residence. The castle was completed in 1886. The castle is surrounded by a park with several buildings like a pa ...

                                               

Castle Nugent National Historic Site

Castle Nugent National Historic Site is a proposed addition to the National Park System of the United States on the southern coast of St. Croix, Virgin Islands. If established, the site would preserve a Caribbean cultural landscape that spans mor ...

                                               

Lock and key

A lock is a mechanical or electronic fastening device that is released by a physical object, by supplying secret information, or by a combination thereof or only being able to be opened from one side such as a door chain. A key is a device that i ...

                                               

Bicycle lock

A bicycle lock is a security device used to deter bicycle theft, generally by fastening the bicycle to a fixed object, e.g., a bike rack. Quick-release levers, as used on some bicycle wheels and seatpost fasteners, are a security vulnerability, b ...

                                               

Disc tumbler lock

A disc tumbler lock is a lock composed of slotted rotating detainer discs. The lock was invented by Finnish founder of Abloy, Emil Henriksson in 1907 and first manufactured under the Abloy brand in 1918.

                                               

Combination lock

A combination lock is a type of locking device in which a sequence of symbols, usually numbers, is used to open the lock. The sequence may be entered using a single rotating dial which interacts with several discs or cams, by using a set of sever ...

                                               

Wheellock

A wheellock, wheel-lock or wheel lock, is a friction-wheel mechanism to cause a spark for firing a firearm. It was the next major development in firearms technology after the matchlock and the first self-igniting firearm. Its name is from its rot ...

                                               

Electromagnetic lock

An electromagnetic lock, magnetic lock, or maglock is a locking device that consists of an electromagnet and an armature plate. There are two main types of electric locking devices. Locking devices can be either "fail safe" or "fail secure". A fa ...

                                               

Padlock

Padlocks are portable locks with a shackle that may be passed through an opening to prevent use, theft, vandalism or harm.

                                               

Rim lock

A rim lock is a locking device that attaches to the surface of a door. The oldest type of lock used in the United Kingdom and Ireland. It is of a basic design using usually a single lever and a sliding bolt. Wards can be used for additional secur ...

                                               

Lock (firearm)

The lock of a firearm is the firing mechanism used to ignite the propellant. Types of lock include matchlock, wheellock, snaplock, snaphance, miquelet lock, doglock, flintlock, modern caplock/percussion cap, and experimental electronic types. Par ...

                                               

Shaolin Handlock

Li Bai Dick Wei is the creator and master of the Shi Zi So Shou which basically is a Throat Locking Hand, otherwise known as Shaolin Hand Lock who passes down the skill to his children Cheng Ying David Chiang and Meng Ping Chen Ping. However, an ...

                                               

Lever tumbler lock

A lever tumbler lock is a type of lock that uses a set of levers to prevent the bolt from moving in the lock. In the simplest form of these, lifting the tumbler above a certain height will allow the bolt to slide past. The number of levers may va ...

                                               

Flintlock mechanism

The flintlock mechanism is a type of lock used on muskets, rifles, and pistols in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. It is commonly referred to as a "flintlock", though that term is also commonly used for the weapons themselves as a whole, and n ...

                                               

Smart lock

A smart lock is an electromechanical lock which is designed to perform locking and unlocking operations on a door when it receives such instructions from an authorized device using a wireless protocol and a cryptographic key to execute the author ...

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