Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 399

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 399

                                               

Problem solving

The solution is to use General and special methods in an orderly manner to find a solution. Some of the problem-solving techniques developed and used in philosophy, artificial intelligence, computer science, engineering, mathematics, or medicine ...

                                               

Problem-based learning

Problem-based learning is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject, based on the experience of solving open-ended problems found in the trigger material. The process of PBL does not focus on solving problems with a spec ...

                                               

Project-based learning

Project-based learning is a student-oriented pedagogy that involves a dynamic approach in the class in which it is believed that the students gain more knowledge through active exploration of real problems and issues. Students will learn about th ...

                                               

Psychology of education

The relationship between intelligence and education is one that scientists have studied for years. Correct to say that a high level of education leads to higher level of intelligence, and is also true Vice versa, however, it is not applicable for ...

                                               

Psychopedagogy

Psychopedagogy is a combination of the two main branches of study, pedagogy and psychology. Some of the most influential authors in this field are Jean piaget, David Ausubel, Jerome Bruner and L. S. Vygotsky. An important contribution was also ma ...

                                               

Rapid automatized naming

Rapid automated naming is a task that measures how quickly individuals can name aloud objects pictures colors or symbols. Variations in rapid automated naming in children is a strong predictor of their subsequent ability to read, and does not dep ...

                                               

Rasch model

Rasch model, named after Georg Rasch family of psychometric models for the creation of measurement categorical data such as answers to questions on the value of the assessment or survey, depending on the compromise between respondents abilities, ...

                                               

Reading

Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols to derive meaning. It is a form of language processing. The success of this process is assessed as reading comprehension. Reading is a means of language acquisition, of communication and ...

                                               

Reading disability

Reading disability is a condition in which a sufferer displays difficulty reading. Examples of readings include: developmental dyslexia, Alexia, and hyperlexia.

                                               

Reading motivation

The value of motivation is the motivational drive to read, an area of interest in education. Study and implementation of the conditions under which students are motivated to read, this is important in the process of teaching and education trainin ...

                                               

Reading Recovery

Reading recovery is a school, short-term intervention designed for English-speaking children aged five or six who are the lowest achieving in Literacy after their first year of study. For example, a child who is not able to read simple books or w ...

                                               

Recitation

In academia, reading is a performance of the student to demonstrate knowledge about the subject or the learning of others. In some academic institutions the term is used for the presentation of the assistant or instructor, under the guidance of a ...

                                               

Reflective practice

Reflection is the ability to reflect those actions in order to involve in the process of continuous learning. According to the definition it involves "paying critical respect to the practical values and theories which inform everyday actions, by ...

                                               

Rehearsal (educational psychology)

Rehearsal in educational psychology refers to "a cognitive process in which information is repeated again and again as a possible way of learning and remembering him." There are two types of rehearsal of memory. The first type is called rehearsal ...

                                               

School psychology

School psychology is a field that applies principles of educational psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, community psychology and applied behavior analysis to meet childrens and adolescents mental health and educational need ...

                                               

Seductive details

Seductive details are often used in textbooks, lectures, slide shows and other forms of educational content to make the course more interesting and interactive. Seductive details may take the form of text, photographs, illustrations, sounds or mu ...

                                               

Self-concept

Ones self-concept is a set of ideas about themselves. Overall, self-concept embodies the answer to the question "Who am I?" Self-concept differs from self-consciousness, which refers to the extent to which self-knowledge is defined, consistent, i ...

                                               

Self-regulated learning

Self-regulated learning is one of the domains of self-regulation, and are most closely related to educational purposes. Generally speaking, it refers to learning guided by metacognition, strategic action and motivation to learn. "Self-regulated" ...

                                               

Shuhari

Shuhari-a concept of Japanese martial arts that describes the stages of learning to mastery. It is sometimes applied to other disciplines, such as go.

                                               

Situated cognition

Situated cognition is a theory that posits that knowing is inseparable from it, arguing that all knowledge is situated in activity connected with social, cultural and physical contexts. In accordance with this assumption, which requires an episte ...

                                               

Situated learning

Situated learning is a theory about how people acquire professional skills, extending the study of learning as legitimate peripheral participation leads to membership in a community of practice. Situated learning "takes as its focus the relations ...

                                               

Six Thinking Hats

Six thinking hats is a system developed in 1983 by Dr. Michael Hewitt-Gleeson and Co., on the basis of Edward de Bono with the program to the court, which describes a tool for group discussion and individual thinking involving six colored hats. " ...

                                               

Sluggish cognitive tempo

Low cognitive tempo is the term for a syndrome associated with attention deficit and hyperactivity, but unlike ADHD. Common symptoms include daydreaming, mental fogginess, hypofunction, lethargy, often looked, contradictory vigilance and slow spe ...

                                               

Socratic questioning

The Socratic questioning was named in honor of Socrates, who is thought to have lived. 470 BC–C. 399 BC. Socrates used a method of education, which aims at finding answers, asking questions from their students. According to Plato, Socrates believ ...

                                               

Spacing effect

The spacing effect shows that learning is more effective when classes are stretched. This effect shows that more information is encoded in long term memory for interval training, which is called the interval of the presentation than "cramming," o ...

                                               

Spatial–temporal reasoning

Spatial–temporal reasoning is an area of artificial intelligence that draws in the field of Informatics, cognitive science and cognitive psychology. The theoretical goal is for the cognitive side - includes performance and spatial-temporal reason ...

                                               

Split attention effect

The split-attention effect is a learning effect inherent in some poorly designed teaching materials. Obviously, when the same mechanism is used for different types of information in the same display. To learn from these materials learners must sp ...

                                               

Storyline method

Method storyline is a pedagogical strategy for "active learning," mainly used in primary school in Scotland, the USA, Scandinavia and the Netherlands. The system can be adapted for use in adult education as well. It was initiated by the employees ...

                                               

Strozzi Institute

Strozzi Institute is an organization located in Oakland, California that offers coaching services and trainings in leadership, organizational development, and personal mastery. It uses a somatic approach to learning. Programs are offered mainly i ...

                                               

Structure of observed learning outcome

The structure of observed learning outcomes taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students understanding of the topics. It was proposed by John B. Biggs and Kevin F. Collis.

                                               

Structure of the disciplines

The rise of geopolitical difference after world war II gave rise to the desire to achieve a high level of rigour in scientific research. A systematic approach to developing models of inquiry in the fields of study forced educational institutions ...

                                               

Student engagement

Student engagement occurs when "students make a psychological investment in learning. They try to find out what the school offers. They are proud not just to the formal indicators of success, but in understanding the material and incorporating or ...

                                               

Subgoal labeling

Subgoal labeling is the name of the group of steps, step-by-Step description of the process to explain how the group steps achieve the associated subgoal. This concept is used in the field of cognitive science and educational psychology. The down ...

                                               

Subvocal recognition

A set of electrodes attached to the skin of the throat without opening your mouth and uttering the sound, the words recognized by the computer. Subvocal speech recognition deals with electromyograms that are different for each speaker. Thus, the ...

                                               

Subvocalization

Articulation, or silent speech, inner speech, usually made when reading, it provides the sound of the word as it is read. This is a natural process when reading and it helps the mind to open the sense to understand and remember what is read, pote ...

                                               

Summative assessment

Summative assessment, summative assessment, or assessment of learning refers to assessment participants, where the emphasis is on the result of the program. This contrasts with formative evaluation, which sums up the development of participants a ...

                                               

Summer Enrichment Program (University of Colorado)

The summer enrichment program is a summer camp for gifted and talented children in classes 5 to 10, located in the center for the education and study of gifted, talented, creative University of Northern Colorado in Greeley, Colorado. Sep consists ...

                                               

Shinichi Suzuki (violinist)

Shinichi Suzuki is a Japanese musician, philosopher, educator and founder of the international Suzuki method of music education and developed a philosophy for educating people of all ages and abilities. Considered an influential pedagogue in musi ...

                                               

Team-based learning

Team-based learning is a collaborative teaching and learning strategy that enables people to follow a structured process to enhance student engagement and quality of learning of the student or trainee. The term and concept was first popularized b ...

                                               

Test (assessment)

Test or examination is an assessment intended to measure test knowledge, skills, abilities, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics. The test may be administered verbally, on paper, on computer, or in a certain area, which requir ...

                                               

Test score

Test score is a unit of information, usually a number that passes the performance test for the test. One formal definition is that it is "a summary of the evidence contained in the answers of examinees to test items that relate to the design or d ...

                                               

Testing effect

The effect of testing is the fact that long-term memory often increases when a part of the training period dedicated to obtaining will be to remember information. This effect is also sometimes called the retrieval practice testing, or test-enhanc ...

                                               

Theme-centered interaction

Theme-centered interaction is a concept and way of working in groups. Its aim is social learning and personality development. With the nineteen fifties, TCI developed in the USA, the psychoanalyst and psychologist Ruth Cohn, by therapists Norman ...

                                               

Thesis circle

A thesis circle involves a number of students and at least one Professor, lecturer or instructor who collaborate in the implementation of supervision and coaching final projects. This tool for monitoring students working on a dissertation, also k ...

                                               

Three-part lesson

Three-part lesson-study-a teaching method used to teach mathematics in K–12 schools. The third part of the lesson was assigned John A. van de Walle, a mathematician at the Virginia Commonwealth University.

                                               

Transfer of learning

Transfer of learning is the dependency of human conduct, learning, or implementation of previous experience. The concept was originally introduced as transfer of practice by Edward Thorndike and Robert S. Woodworth. They explored how people trans ...

                                               

Transfer of training

Transfer of training refers to the effect that knowledge or abilities acquired in one area to solve problems or gain knowledge in other areas. Transfer of learning based on the theory of transfer of training. D h holding says that "transfer of tr ...

                                               

Transfer-appropriate processing

Transfer appropriate processing, also called a crane-is a type of state-dependent memory specifically showing that memory performance is determined not only by depth of processing, and the relationship between how information is initially encoded ...

                                               

Triarchic theory of intelligence

Triarchic theory of intelligence or the three forms of intelligence was formulated by Robert j. Sternberg, a prominent figure in the research of human intelligence. The theory itself was amongst the first to go against the psychometric approach t ...

                                               

Twice exceptional

The term twice exceptional, often abbreviated as 2E, entered educators dictionaries in the mid 1990-ies and refers to gifted children who have some form of disability. These children are considered exceptional because of their talent and because ...

                                               

Typical intellectual engagement

Typical intellectual engagement personality construct referring to fun people intellectually demanding activities. The tie was designed to identify those aspects of personality that are most closely associated with intelligence and knowledge, and ...

                                               

Validity (statistics)

Validity is the degree to which such a concept, conclusion or measurement is well founded and probably corresponds exactly with the real world. The word "do" comes from the Latin validus, meaning strong. The validity of the measurement tool the e ...

                                               

Video modeling

Video modeling is a teaching method that is used for video recording and display equipment to provide visual models of the targeted behavior or skill. In video self-modeling individuals observe themselves successfully performing the behaviors in ...

                                               

Vision span

The field of vision and range of perception is a controversial concept relating to the angular period during which the human eye has sharp enough vision to accurately execute actions. The field of view of the human eye spans approximately 120 deg ...

                                               

Visual learning

Visual learning is a style in which the student uses graphs, diagrams, maps and charts. This is one of the three main types of learning styles in a model of the Fleming VAK / vark, which also includes kinesthetic learning and auditory learning.

                                               

Vygotsky Circle

Vygotsky Circle was an influential informal Association of psychologists, teachers, doctors, physiologists and neurologists associated with Vygotsky and A. R. Luria, active in 1920-early 1940s in the Soviet Union. The work of the club contributed ...

                                               

Whole language

The whole language philosophy is a nonexistent value, which is based on the premise that learning to read English, especially for young children, natural for a human being exactly the same as learning to speak develops naturally. Whole language a ...

                                               

Women's Ways of Knowing

Theory womens development refers to the seminal work of Mary field Belenky, Blythe McVicker Clinchy, Nancy rule Goldberger, and Jill Mattuck Tarule, published under the title "womens ways of knowing: the development of personality, voice, and min ...

                                               

Worked-example effect

Worked-example effect is the learning effect predicted by cognitive load theory. In particular, it relates to the learning effect observed when worked-examples are used as part of training compared to other training methods, such as problem solvi ...

                                               

Zeigarnik effect

In psychology, the Zeigarnik effect occurs when the activity that was interrupted can be easily recalled. It postulates that people remember uncompleted or interrupted tasks better than completed tasks. In Gestalt psychology, the Zeigarnik effect ...

                                               

Abington School District v. Schempp

Abington school district V. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203, was a United States Supreme court case in which the court decided 8-1 in favor of the Respondent, Edward Schempp, on behalf of his son Ellery Schempp, and declared that school-sponsored Bible rea ...

                                               

Agostini v. Felton

Agostini V. Felton, 521 U.S. 203, this is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States. In this case, the court reversed its decision in Aguilar V. Felton, are now finding that it was not a violation of the establishment of the f ...

                                               

Aguilar v. Felton

Aguilar V. Felton, 473 U.S. 402, was the Supreme court of the United States the case of the new York city program that sent public school teachers into parochial schools to provide remedial education to disadvantaged children in accordance with s ...

                                               

Ahlquist v. Cranston

V. alquist of Cranston, 840 F. supp. 2D 507, a case when the district court of the United States for the district of Rhode island ruled that a "school prayer" banner posted in Cranston West school is a violation of the establishment clause of the ...

                                               

Jessica Ahlquist

Jessica Alquist activist and public speaker, who filed a lawsuit in 2012 against the Cranston school West where she studied to remove religious prayer from its audience. Suit, Alquist V. Cranston, was filed with the support of the American civil ...

                                               

Baccalaureate service

The baccalaureate service is a celebration which honors a graduate class in College or high school or eighth grade. The event is typically a Christianity-based interdenominational service, although this may be a purely Catholic character. The ser ...

                                               

R v Headteacher and Governors of Denbigh High School, ex p Begum

R governors in school Denby is the decision of the house of lords case on the legal regulation of religious symbols and dress in accordance with the Law on human rights 1998. The case of Shabina Begum, a Muslim student at the school Denby in Luto ...

                                               

Ger Brennan

From a family of nine, he attended Belvedere College. In Belvedere he played Rugby, soccer, hurling and Gaelic football. After graduating from Maynooth College with a bachelors and masters degree, qualification-teacher of the school and taught Ir ...

                                               

C. H. v. Oliva

C. H. V. Oliva, 226 F. 3D 198 was a religious freedom case in which mother Carol hood sued grace Oliva, her son Zacharys first-grade teacher, and related administrators in Medford township public schools, not allowing the child to read the sectio ...

                                               

CNCD Decision 323/2006

The decision of the CNCD 323 / 2006 the decision of Romanias national Council on combating discrimination against the display of religious symbols in public schools. The decision was brought to the CNCD Emil Moise, a teacher and parent from buzău ...

                                               

Conscience clause (education)

The conscience clause was an important factor in education in England throughout the greater part of the 19th century. In this context, he referred to the permission of the parents of schoolchildren to withdraw them from Church of England worship ...

                                               

Creation and evolution in public education

The status of creation and development of public education was the subject of substantial debate and conflict in legal political and religious circles. Worldwide, there is a wide variety of opinions on the topic. Most Western countries have laws ...

                                               

Engel v. Vitale

Engel vs Vitale, 370 U.S. 421, was a landmark United States Supreme court case in which the court ruled that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools. Engel was ...

                                               

Ethics and religious culture

Ethics and religious culture is a course taught in all primary and secondary schools in Quebec. It replaces the abolished subject of religious / moral education in these schools and is compulsory for all schools: private and public. The objective ...

                                               

Everson v. Board of Education

Everson V. Board of education, 330 U.S. 1, it was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, which applied the paragraph about the creation of the bill of rights in state law. Prior to this decision the first amendment words, "Congress shall ...

                                               

French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools

French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools, prohibits the wearing of visible religious symbols in French public primary and secondary schools. The law is an amendment to the French code of education that expands princip ...

                                               

Integration of faith and learning

Integration of faith and learning is the focus of many religious institutions of higher education. In broad concept encompasses the idea that the Christian worldview, faith and practice, the student should be deeply connected in the learning proc ...

                                               

Intelligent design movement

The intelligent design movement is a neo-creationist religious campaign for broad social academic and political change to promote and support the pseudoscientific idea of intelligent design, which asserts that "certain features of Universe and li ...

                                               

Joseph Priestley and education

Joseph Priestley, a British scientist, dissenting clergyman, political philosopher and theologian. While his achievements in all these areas is known, he was also devoted to improving education in the UK, he did it at the individual level and thr ...

                                               

Karcher v. May

Karcher V. May, 484 U.S. 72, was a school prayer case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the ex-presidents of the new Jersey legislature did not have article III standing to appeal that standing transferred its legislative ...

                                               

Kearny High School (New Jersey)

High school Kearney for a four-year comprehensive public institution serving students in ninth through twelfth grade from Kearny in Hudson County, new Jersey, USA, and operating as the lone secondary school Kearny school district. And the 2017-18 ...

                                               

Lautsi v. Italy

Lautsi V. Italy was a case brought before the European court of human rights, which on 18 March 2011, ruled that the requirement under Italian law that the crosses will be displayed in the classrooms of schools do not violate the European Convent ...

                                               

Lee v. Weisman

, 505 U.S. 577 Lee V. Weisman is a US Supreme Court decision regarding school prayer. It was the first major case of school prayer the courts decision Rehnquist. He ruled that schools may not sponsor clergy and secular prayers. The court adopted ...

                                               

List of Religious Education Association presidents

The following is a list of chairmen and Executive secretaries of the Association for religious education. Association of religious education is a nonprofit Association serving as a professional and scientific society for scientists and researcher ...

                                               

Loyola High School v Quebec AG

Loyola in Quebec AG 2015 SCC 12, 1 SCR 613 is the Supreme Court of Canada decision on the topics of canadian administrative law, judicial review, standard of review and the discretion of Ministers. The solution is partly the respect for freedom o ...

                                               

McCollum v. Board of Education

McCollum V. Board of education, 333 U.S. 203, was a landmark United States Supreme court of America regarding the right of a state to use its tax-supported public school system to help religious education. The case was a test of separation of Chu ...

                                               

Monastic education

The Buddhist monastic system of education contributes to the basic educational needs of the Buddhist countries of Asia to the modern era. The study of the traditions can be traced back to Ancient India, where the training began with educated monk ...

                                               

Monkey Girl

Monkey: evolution, education, religion, and the battle for the soul of America in 2007 non-fiction book on Kitzmiller against the school district the Dover region trial 2005. Author Edward Humes, Pulitzer prize-winning American journalist, interv ...

                                               

Released time

In U.S. public schools, released time and release time set aside during school hours, usually an hour day or week for students to get off campus for private religious education.

                                               

Religious Education Association

Association of religious education is the oldest and largest Association of scientists and researchers in the field of religious education. This is a non-profit member Association, serving as professional and scientific society for scientists and ...

                                               

Schmidt decision

Schmidt at calgary Board of education is the basis for legal requirements in Alberta, where a separate school jurisdiction exists, members of the minority faith that established the separate school jurisdiction must be considered and recognized a ...

                                               

School prayer

School prayer, in the context of religious freedom, state-sanctioned or mandatory prayer by students in public schools. Depending on the country and type of school state-sponsored prayer may be required, permitted or prohibited. Countries which p ...

                                               

School Prayer Amendment

Amendment to school prayer, the proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution, as conceived by its supporters to protect the rights of students if they want to voluntarily pray in schools, while opponents argue that this allows government-sponsored ...

                                               

School prayer in the United States

School prayer in the United States, if organized by the school are largely banned from public elementary, middle and high schools a series of Supreme court decisions, beginning in 1962. Students can pray in solitude, and join religious clubs in a ...

                                               

Secular education

Secular education is the system of public education in countries with a secular government or separation between religion and state. An example of a secular education system will be the French public educational system, where conspicuous religiou ...

                                               

Teach the Controversy

"Controversial issue" is a campaign, conducted by the Institute open, to promote pseudo-scientific principle of "intelligent design", a variant of traditional creationism, while attempting to discredit the teaching of evolution in public courses ...

                                               

Wallace v. Jaffree

Alabama rights of teachers to allocate one minute at the beginning of each day for "meditation or voluntary prayer." Ishmael Jaffree, an American citizen, was a resident of mobile County, Alabama and the parents of the three students who attended ...

                                               

Weekday Religious Education

Weekday religious education is a Christian education program for public school students in the United States. The program is conducted during school hours, but the law must be held outside the school grounds. Classes of religious education in sch ...

                                               

Zorach v. Clauson

The review V. Clawson, 343 U.S. 306, was a case in which the U.S. Supreme court considered a school district, allowing students to leave school for part of the day to receive religious education.

                                               

Arts in education

Arts in education is an expanding field of educational research and practice informed research on learning through the art experience. In this context, the arts can include performing arts education, literature, history, fine arts education in th ...

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