Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 398

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 398

                                               

Educational research

Educational research refers to systematic collection and analysis of data related to education. Research can include various methods and various aspects of education including student learning, teaching methods, teacher training, and classroom dy ...

                                               

Electronic assessment

E-assessment, also known as digital assessment, e-Assessment, online assessment or computer assessment, is the use of information technologies in evaluation, such as assessment, health assessment, psychiatric examination and psychological examina ...

                                               

Emergent Design

Design is a phrase coined by David Cavallo to describe a theoretical basis for the implementation of systemic changes in education and learning environments. This is considered as the choice of design methodology contributes to the success or fai ...

                                               

Enactive interfaces

Interfaces elective interactive system that allows the organization and transfer knowledge obtained in the course of action. Examples of interfaces, a couple of people with a machine to do things usually done unaided, such as shaping a three-dime ...

                                               

Enactivism

Enactivism argues that cognition arises through a dynamic interaction between an acting organism and its environment. He argues that our environment is we selectively create through our ability to interact with the world. "Organisms do not passiv ...

                                               

Engineering education

Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principles of professional practice of engineering. It includes initial education and any advanced training and specializations that follow. Engineering education is typically accomp ...

                                               

Evolutionary educational psychology

Evolutionary psychology is the study of the relationship between inherent folk knowledge and abilities and accompanying inferential and attribute biases as these influence academic learning in evolutionarily new cultural contexts, such as schools ...

                                               

Excellence

Excellence is a talent or quality which is unusually good and so surpasses ordinary standards. It is also used as a standard of performance as measured e.g. through economic indicators. In modern public relations and marketing, "excellence" is of ...

                                               

Expeditionary learning schools

Expeditionary learning schools are models of comprehensive school reform based on the educational ideas of German educator Kurt Hahn, the founder of outward bound. There are over 150 expeditionary learning schools in 30 U.S. States and the distri ...

                                               

Factor analysis

Factor analysis is a statistical method used to describe variability among observed, correlated variables in terms of a potentially lower number of unobserved variables called factors. For example, it is possible that variations in six observed v ...

                                               

Lourenço Filho

Bergstrom Manoel lourenço Filho is a Brazilian educator and theorist of education. He was heavily criticized for collaboration with Getulio Vargas Estado Novo. His work reveals a number of aspects of the intelligent teacher, very active and conce ...

                                               

Flow (psychology)

In positive psychology, flow state, also known colloquially as zone, is the mental state in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement and enjoyment in the process of operation. In fa ...

                                               

Foreign language anxiety

Foreign language anxiety, or xenoglossophobia is a feeling of unease, worry, nervousness and fear experienced in learning a second or foreign language. Feelings can be due to any second language context whether this is due to the productive skill ...

                                               

Formal learning

Formal education is the education that is usually delivered by trained teachers in a systematic intentional way to school or other educational institution or University. This is one of the three forms of learning as defined in the OECD, and the r ...

                                               

Formative assessment

Formative evaluation, formative assessment, feedback, formative, or assessment for learning, including diagnostic tests, a number of formal and informal assessment procedures teachers during the learning process in order to modify teaching and le ...

                                               

Generation effect

The effect of generation is a phenomenon where information is better remembered if it is generated from my own mind, not just read. Researchers have tried to explain why the information was better recalled than read information, but none of these ...

                                               

Genetic epistemology

Genetic epistemology or theory of knowledge development is the study of the origins of knowledge developed by Jean piaget.

                                               

Goal theory

Theory goal is a label used in educational psychology to discuss research motivation for learning. Learning objectives are a key factor influencing the level of students intrinsic motivation.

                                               

Adele Eskeles Gottfried

Adele eskeles, visitors experience Gottfried is a Professor and psychologist, best known for his work in the field of internal motivation, talent and achievement. Gottfried Professor of psychology at California state University, Northridge, where ...

                                               

Graphic organizer

The graphic organizer also known as knowledge map, concept map, story map, cognitive organizer, advance organizer, or concept diagram, the pedagogical tool that uses visual symbols to Express knowledge and concepts through relationships between t ...

                                               

Group cognition

Group cognition is a social, largely linguistic phenomenon in which a group of people creates a sequence of utterances that performs a cognitive act. That is, if a similar sequence was uttered or thought by the individual will be seen as an act o ...

                                               

Halo effect

The halo effect is the tendency of positive impressions of a person, company, brand or product in one area to positively influence those opinions or feelings in other areas. This sort of cognitive distortion and the opposite effect horn. A simpli ...

                                               

High-stakes testing

High-stakes test is a test with important consequences for the subject. Passing has important benefits, such as high school diploma, a scholarship, or a license to practice the profession. Has no significant weaknesses, such as were forced to tak ...

                                               

Homework coach

Coach homework category educator, whose mission is to help the students in overall academic success, rather than providing training on a particular subject. A parent can hire a coach homework when their child is struggling in school not because t ...

                                               

Horn effect

Effect horns, closely related to the halo effect is a form of cognitive distortion that causes the perception of another to be overly influenced by a single negative sign. An example of horn effect may be that the observer is likely to assume a p ...

                                               

Human performance technology

Man, the technique, also known as human performance improvement or human performance evaluation, is a field of study related to process improvement methodologies such as lean manufacturing, Six Sigma, lean manufacturing and six Sigma, organizatio ...

                                               

Hyperkinetic disorder

Hyperkinetic disorder is an outdated term for mental nervous and mental development of the condition begins in early childhood. Its features include sustainable model of severe, development-inappropriate symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and ...

                                               

Informal learning

Informal learning is any learning that is not formal learning or informal learning such as self learning or learning from experience. Informal learning is organized differently than formal and non-formal learning because it has no tasks in terms ...

                                               

Information deficit model

In studies of public understanding of science, the information deficit model or scientific literacy / knowledge deficit model attributes public scepticism and hostility to science and technology for lack of understanding due to lack of informatio ...

                                               

Information design

Information design is the practice of presenting information in such a way that fosters efficient and effective understanding of the information. This term was used for a specific graphic design related to display of information, not just beautif ...

                                               

Instructional scaffolding

Instructional scaffolding is the support the student teacher in the learning process. This support is tailored to each student, this instructional approach allows students to experience student-centered learning, which, as a rule, in order to ens ...

                                               

Instructor-led training

Trained under the guidance of the instructor, or ILT, is the practice of training and learning material between an instructor and learners, either individuals or groups. Teachers can also be referred to as a mediator, who may be knowledgeable and ...

                                               

Intellectual giftedness

Intellectual giftedness is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average. It is a characteristic of children, variously defined, that motivates differences in school programming. It is thought to persist as a trait into adult life, wi ...

                                               

Intelligence

Intelligence was defined differently: the capacity for logic, understanding, self-discovery, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, critical thinking and problem solving. Overall, it can be described as the ability to per ...

                                               

Intelligent tutoring system

Intelligent tutoring system is a computer system that aims to provide immediate and customized instruction or feedback to learners, usually does not require teachers of man. Itss have the common goal of the learning process meaningful and effecti ...

                                               

Intercultural communicative competence in computer-supported collaborative learning

Intercultural communicative competence in computer-supported collaborative learning is the application of computer programs of joint training to ensure intercultural communicative competence.

                                               

Ipsative

Ipsative is a descriptor used in psychology to denote a specific type of measure in which respondents compare two or more desirable options and pick the one which is the most preferable. This contrasts with measures that use Likert-type scales on ...

                                               

Jigsaw (teaching technique)

The mosaic technique is a way of organizing classroom activity that makes students dependent on each other to succeed. It breaks classes into groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the group expects to complete the puzzle. It was develope ...

                                               

Kharkov school of psychology

The Kharkov school of psychology tradition of psychological research in the field of development undertaken in the paradigm of Lev Vygotskys "sociocultural theory of mind" and Leontievs psychological theory of activity.

                                               

Kinesthetic learning

Kinesthetic learning kinesthetic Learning or tactile learning is a learning style in which learning takes place students holding to do, and not listen to lectures or watching demonstrations. Quoted in Favre, Dunn and Dunn define kinesthetic stude ...

                                               

Knowledge building

The theory of knowledge was created and developed by Carl Buratowski and Marlene Scardamalia for describing what a community of learners needs to accomplish in order to create knowledge. The theory addresses the need to educate people for the kno ...

                                               

Knowledge building community

The building of a knowledge community is a community where the primary goal is knowledge creation, not on construction of specific items or perform tasks. This concept is fundamental in the theory of building knowledge. If knowledge is not realiz ...

                                               

Knowledge transfer

Knowledge transfer refers to the exchange or dissemination of knowledge and assist in solving the problem. In organizational theory, knowledge transfer is the practical problem of transferring knowledge from one part organization to another. As k ...

                                               

Language-learning aptitude

Language learning ability refers to the "prediction of how well, relative to other people, a person can learn a foreign language for a certain period of time and under given conditions". As with many measures of aptitude language learning is cons ...

                                               

Latchkey kid

Latchkey childhood, or latchkey child is a child who returns from school to an empty house, or a child who is often left at home with little parental supervision because their parent or parents went to work. This term refers to children under the ...

                                               

Latent learning

Latent learning is a subconscious retention of information without reinforcement and motivation. In latent learning, one that changes behavior only when there is sufficient motivation later, when they subconsciously remember information. Latent l ...

                                               

Learning

Learning is a process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. The ability to learn from humans, animals and some machines, there is also evidence for some learning in some plants. Some learn ...

                                               

Learning artifact (education)

In educational psychology, an artifact is an object created by students during learning. Should be considered an artifact, the object must be strong, durable, public, and material is present. According to the constructivist theory of educational ...

                                               

Learning disability

Learning disability, learning disorder and learning difficulties is a condition of the brain that causes difficulty thinking and processing information and can be caused by several different factors. Given the "learning in regular mode", this doe ...

                                               

Learning nugget

Self-education is a self-contained mini-learning activities, usually less than 5 minutes, which will vary in size and scale that students undertake in a specific context to achieve specific learning outcomes nugget tasks for a set period of time ...

                                               

Learning pyramid

The study of the pyramid is a group of popular learning models and views associated to the different degree of preservation induced from different types of training. Missions, usually through interest and discrete layers of the "pyramid of traini ...

                                               

Learning sciences

Learning Sciences is an interdisciplinary field that works with additional scientific, humanistic and critical theory, understanding of the learning process, as well as participate in the development and implementation of educational innovation a ...

                                               

Learning styles

Learning styles relate to a number of competing and contested theories that aim to account for differences in physical knowledge. Many theories share the contention that people can be classified depending on their learning style, but differ in ho ...

                                               

Learning theory (education)

Learning theory describes how students absorb, process and retain knowledge while learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or world view, is acquired or chang ...

                                               

Lecture

The lecture provides an oral presentation to present information or teach people about a particular subject, for example by a University or College teacher. Lectures are used to transfer important information, history, background, theories and eq ...

                                               

Legitimate peripheral participation

Legitimate peripheral participation describes how newcomers become experienced members and eventually old timers of a community or a joint project. BOB defines learning as a contextual social phenomenon, which is achieved through participation in ...

                                               

Maimonides' rule

Maimonides rule is named after a 12th century rabbinic scholar Maimonides, who identified a correlation between class size and students progress. Today this rule is widely used in educational research to assess the impact of class size on student ...

                                               

MaMaMedia, Inc.

MaMaMedia was an educational consulting firm run by Idit Caperton Harel, specializing in the application of constructivist learning theories. Founded in 1995, MaMaMedia.com was designed to promote digital literacy for children using the theory of ...

                                               

Mathematical anxiety

Mathematical anxiety is anxiety about ability to do math. This phenomenon, which is often considered when examining students problems in mathematics.

                                               

Meaningful play

Meaningful play are actions or activities because with a designed or inherent intent, such as data collection or therapy. Meaning is defined as the main purpose of the topic or subject at hand, but the game itself is defined as a range of volunta ...

                                               

Melodic learning

Melodic learning is a teaching method that uses multimodal defining elements of singing, in order to facilitate the capture, storage and retrieval of information. Widely recognized examples of melodic learning include the use of the alphabet song ...

                                               

Mental health in education

Mental health is often seen as an adult, and in fact, almost half of the adolescents in the U.S. suffer from mental disorders, and about 20% of them classified as serious.” Mental health problems can present a huge problem for students in terms o ...

                                               

Metacognition

Metacognition is "cognition about cognition", "thinking about thinking", "knowledge about knowledge", it becomes "aware" knowledge and thinking skills of a higher order. The term comes from the root word meta means "beyond" or "above". Metacognit ...

                                               

Microlearning

Micro learning deals with relatively small study groups and short-term training activities. This term is used in the field of e-learning and related fields in terms of learning processes in mediated environments. Micro-teaching is a holistic appr ...

                                               

Mnemonic

A mnemonic device, or memory device, is any learning technique that AIDS retention of information or the search in the memory of man. Mnemonics are coding, search of signals and images as special tools to encode any information in such a way that ...

                                               

Modality effect

The effect of modality is a term used in experimental psychology, most often in the fight against memory and learning, relates to how the performance of the learner depends on the presentation mode of studied items.

                                               

Mokken scale

The Mokken scale is a psychometric method of data reduction. The data is one-dimensional Mokken scale, which consists of hierarchically arranged items that measure the same underlying, latent concept. This method is named after the political scie ...

                                               

Montessori education

The Montessori method of education developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children. Montessoris method has been used for over 100 years in many parts of the world. The Montessor ...

                                               

Montessori sensorial materials

Montessori sensory materials the Materials used in the Montessori classroom to help a child develop and Refine his or her five senses. The use of these materials constitutes the next level of difficulty after practice. Like many other Montessori ...

                                               

Moral reasoning

Moral reasoning research in psychology that overlaps with moral philosophy. Starting at a young age, people can make moral decisions about what is right and wrong, it makes morality is fundamental to human existence. However, moral reasoning is p ...

                                               

Mozart effect

The Mozart effect can refer to: The popularized version of the hypothesis, which suggest that "listening to Mozart makes you smarter", or that early childhood exposure to classical music has a beneficial effect on mental development;. Trademark U ...

                                               

Multipotentiality

Multipotentiality is an educational and psychological term referring to the ability and preferences of the person, especially one of the strong intellectual or artistic curiosity, to Excel in two or more different areas. It may also refer to pers ...

                                               

Need for cognition

The need for cognition, in psychology, is a personality variable reflecting the extent to which individuals are prone to cognitive activity fruitful. The need for knowledge is treated differently as "a need to structure relevant situations in mea ...

                                               

Neurodevelopmental framework for learning

The basis for the development of the nervous system for learning, like all frameworks, is an organizing structure through which learners and learning can be understood. The theory of intelligence and neuropsychology to inform many of them. The st ...

                                               

Nonformal learning

Non-formal education includes various structured learning situations, which do not have either the level of curriculum, syllabus, accreditation and certification associated with formal training, but they are more complex than that associated with ...

                                               

Norm-referenced test

Norm-referenced test, type of testing, assessment, or evaluation which gives an estimate of the position of the subject in a predefined population, with respect to the characteristic measured. The estimate is based on analysis of test results and ...

                                               

Note-taking

Note-taking is the practice of recording information received from another source. For notes, writer records essence information, freeing their mind from having to remember everything. Notes are commonly drawn from a transient source such as an o ...

                                               

Number sense

In mathematics education, number sense can refer to "an intuitive understanding of numbers their magnitude relationships and how they affect operations." Other definitions of number sense emphasize an ability to work beyond the traditionally taug ...

                                               

Opportunistic collaboration

Opportunistic cooperation-flexible design for collaborative learning. In this process, the groups form, break up, and recombine within the developing process, all the participants informed and helps to promote the structure of the whole. This is ...

                                               

Organization workshop

Organization of a seminar – or "laboratory Organizacional" in both Portuguese and Spanish is communication, based on the study of the event, where participants master new organizational and social knowledge and skills through learning by doing. I ...

                                               

Organizational learning

Organizational learning is the process of creation, preservation and transfer of knowledge within the organization. The organization improves over time as he gains experience. From this experience, he is able to create knowledge. This knowledge i ...

                                               

Overachievement

Hardworking people who "work better and achieve more success than expected". The implicit assumption is that "workaholic" - to achieve the highest results through excessive effort. While training in the context of "overachiever" is an educational ...

                                               

Overjustification effect

The overjustification effect occurs when it is expected that external incentives such as money or prizes decreases a persons intrinsic motivation to perform tasks. Overjustification explanation of the phenomenon, known as motivational "crowding o ...

                                               

Overlearning

Automatic memorization refers to practicing the newly acquired skills beyond the point of initial mastery. This term is also often used to refer to pedagogical theory that this form of practice leads to automaticity and other useful effects.

                                               

Oxford Developmental Preschool Program

Program Oxford preschool development in the UK, is an approach to the development of children at an early age that emphasizes caring, nurturing, positive atmosphere for children to learn through personal, directed experience and creativity. In th ...

                                               

PASS theory of intelligence

Planning, attention, Arousal, simultaneous and successive theory of intelligence, which was first proposed in 1975 and later developed by Das, Naglieri & Kirby and Das, Kar & Parrila, challenges g-theory on the grounds that the brain consists of ...

                                               

Pedagogical patterns

Pedagogical pattern is a reusable form to solve problems or challenges in teaching, similar to how a design pattern is a reusable form of the solution of design problems. Pedagogical patterns are used to document and share best practices of teach ...

                                               

Pedagogy

Pedagogy is commonly understood as the approach to learning refers to the theory and practice of teaching, and how this process affects, and is affected by, social, political and psychological development of students. Pedagogy, as an academic dis ...

                                               

Peer mentoring

Peer mentoring is a form of learning which usually takes place between person who has lived through a specific experience and a person who is new to this experience. An example would be an experienced student to be a mentor for a new student, the ...

                                               

Peer support

Peer support occurs when people provide knowledge, experience, emotional, social or practical help to each other. It usually refers to an initiative consisting of trained supporters, and can take a variety of forms such as peer mentoring, reflect ...

                                               

Peer support specialist

Certified specialist expert support, also known as a certified peer specialist is a person with considerable life-changing experience. It is also called "life experience". These specialists support people with struggles related to mental health, ...

                                               

Personalized learning

Individual approach in learning, individualization of learning, personal learning environments and direct instruction relate to efforts to adapt education to meet the different needs of students.

                                               

Phonological awareness

Phonological awareness is an awareness of the phonological structure, or sound structure, of words. Phonological awareness is an important and reliable predictor of later reading ability and, thus, was the focus of many studies.

                                               

Phrase completions

Phrase completion scales are a type of psychometric scale used in questionnaires. Developed in response to the problems associated with Likert scales, phrase completions concise, one-sided measures that use ordinal data level in the order that ap ...

                                               

Picture superiority effect

The picture superiority effect refers to the phenomenon in which pictures and images are more likely to be remembered than words. This effect has been demonstrated in numerous experiments using different methods. It is based on the fact that "the ...

                                               

Pittsburgh Science of Learning Center

The Pittsburgh science of learning Center-the science of learning center funded by the National science Foundation and operated by Carnegie Mellon and University of Pittsburgh. In pslc is Kenneth Koedinger and Charles Perfetti, and includes many ...

                                               

Poisonous pedagogy

In sociology and psychology, poisonous pedagogy, also called Black pedagogy, traditional methods of education, which modern pedagogy considers it repressive and harmful. It includes behaviors and communication that theorists consider to be manipu ...

                                               

Principle of least effort

The principle of least effort is a broad theory that covers diverse fields from evolutionary biology to web design. It postulates that animals, people, even well designed machines will naturally choose the path of least resistance or "effort". It ...

                                               

Principles of learning

Psychology and educational psychologists and identified a number of principles of learning, also referred to as laws of learning, which seem generally applicable to the learning process. These principles have been discovered, tested and used in p ...

                                               

Print awareness

Print awareness refers to a childs understanding of the nature and use of print. Childs print awareness is inextricably linked to his or her awareness of words and the ability to recognize words as separate elements of oral and written communicat ...

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