Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 373

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 373

                                               

Workaway

Workaway is a platform that allows members to arrange homestays and cultural exchange. Volunteers or "Workawayers", are expected to contribute a pre-agreed amount of time per day in exchange for lodging and food, which is provided by their host.

                                               

World Culture Open

World Culture Open is a non-profit organization that promotes cultural diversity and unprejudiced cultural exchange around the globe. WCO has its regional offices in New York City, Seoul, and Beijing.

                                               

WWOOF

World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms, or Willing Workers on Organic Farms, is a loose network of national organizations that facilitate homestays on organic farms. Australia with 2.600 hosts has the most host farms and enterprises, followed ...

                                               

Clore Leadership Programme

Clore Leadership is a dynamic and inclusive resource for leaders and aspiring leaders in the arts, culture and creative sectors. Clore Leadership was initiated in 2003 by the Clore Duffield Foundation and is sustained by a partnership between pri ...

                                               

European Culture and Economy

European Culture and Economy, shortened as ECUE, is an interdisciplinary postgraduate program that is distinct from European Studies. Both focus on European politics and developments. After receiving the academic degree Master of Arts, graduates ...

                                               

Icelandic Elf School

The Icelandic Elf School is an organization located in Reykjavik, Iceland, that offers lectures and guided tours about Icelandic folklore. The organization teaches about the hidden people and the 13 different kinds of elves that the organization ...

                                               

Mondialogo Engineering Award

The Mondialogo Engineering Award was established by Daimler and UNESCO to encourage cooperation and dialogue between engineering people from different countries and cultures, working together across continents on a joint project activity. The awa ...

                                               

Museum education

Museum education is a specialized field devoted to developing and strengthening the education role of non-formal education spaces and institutions such as museums. Its main objective is to engage visitors in learning experiences to enhance their ...

                                               

Nazareth College (New York)

Nazareth College - or "Naz" for short - is a private college in Pittsford, New York, a suburb of Rochester, New York, that offers 60+ undergraduate majors and more than two dozen graduate programs. The college was previously known as Nazareth Col ...

                                               

Biblioteca de al-Andalus

Biblioteca de al-Andalus is a standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Al-Andalus studies. It embraces articles on various aspects of cultural life in Muslim Spain, through the biographies of around 2400 Andalusian authors and a detai ...

                                               

Castes and Tribes of Southern India

Castes and Tribes of Southern India is a seven-volume encyclopedia of social groups of Madras Presidency and the princely states of Travancore, Mysore, Coorg and Pudukkottai published by British museologist Edgar Thurston and K. Rangachari in 1909.

                                               

Coptic Encyclopedia

The Coptic Encyclopedia is an eight-volume work covering the history, theology, language, art, architecture, archeology and hagiography of Coptic Egypt. The encyclopedia was written by over 250 Western and Egyptian contributing experts in the fie ...

                                               

Encyclopaedia Biblica

Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political and Religion History, the Archeology, Geography and Natural History of the Bible, edited by Thomas Kelly Cheyne and J. Sutherland Black, is a critical encyclopedia of the Bib ...

                                               

Encyclopaedia Biblica (Israel)

Encyclopaedia Biblica is a scientific encyclopedia of the Hebrew Bible, published in Israel by Bialik Institute in the Hebrew language. The work is scientific, rather than religious, but because of its Jewish background, it only deals with the He ...

                                               

Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia

The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history, society and culture, edited by David Horton, is an encyclopaedia published by the "Aboriginal Studies Press" at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and T ...

                                               

Encyclopedia Africana

Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience edited by Henry Louis Gates and Anthony Appiah is a compendium of Africana studies including African studies and the "Pan-African diaspora" inspired by W. E. B. Du Bois pro ...

                                               

Encyclopedia Lituanica

Encyclopedia Lituanica is a six-volume English language encyclopedia about Lithuania and Lithuania-related topics. It was published between 1970 and 1978 in Boston, Massachusetts by Lithuanian emigrants who had escaped Soviet occupation at the en ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of India

The Encyclopedia of India is a four-volume encyclopedia on Indian history and culture under editor-in-chief Stanley Wolpert. The series was published by Gale in November 2005 under ISBN 978-0-684-31349-8. The Library Journal has described Wolpert ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Indigenous Peoples in Brazil

The Encyclopedia of Indigenous Peoples in Brazil is a specialized encyclopedia about the indigenous peoples in Brazil, published online since 1998 by the Instituto Socioambiental. It presents over 200 articles with ethnographic information about ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture

The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture is an encyclopedia of Indo-European studies and the Proto-Indo-Europeans. The encyclopedia was edited by J. P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams and published in 1997 by Fitzroy Dearborn. Archaeological articl ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador

Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador is an Encyclopedia commissioned by Joey Smallwood to capture the people, places, events and history of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Smallwoods view on the purpose of the encyclopedia was sum ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance

The Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance by Sandra L. West and Aberjhani, is a 2003 encyclopedia of the lives, events, and culture of the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s to 1940s. An ebook edition was published through Infobase Publishing in 2010.

                                               

Encyclopedia Sindhiana

Encyclopedia Sindhiana, published by the Sindhi Language Authority, is a general knowledge encyclopedia specially covering a wide range of information regarding Sindh. A total of fifteen volumes are planned to be published. Eleven volumes have be ...

                                               

Estonica

Estonica is a comprehensive encyclopaedia on topics relating to Estonia, particularly the culture and history of Estonia. The project has been developed by Estonian Institute since 2000. It is sponsored by, among others, Tiigrihupe. Materials of ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales

The Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales is a German reference work on international Folkloristics, which runs to fifteen volumes and is acknowledged as the most comprehensive work in its field. It examines over two centuries of research into the folk nar ...

                                               

Germanische Altertumskunde Online

Germanische Altertumskunde Online, formerly called Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, is a German encyclopedia of the study of Germanic history and cultures, as well as the cultures that were in close contact with them. The first editio ...

                                               

Giants, Monsters & Dragons

Giants, Monsters & Dragons: An Encyclopedia of Folklore, Legend and Myth is an encyclopedia of monsters, folklore, myths, and legends compiled by Carol Rose. The book features small entries about monsters, folklore, myths and legends from around ...

                                               

The Global Encyclopedia of Informality

                                               

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Folklore

The Greenwood Encyclopedia of African American Folklore is a three-volume set of books published in December 2005 by Greenwood Press. It contains roughly 700 alphabetically arranged entries by more than 100 contributors. It serves as a comprehens ...

                                               

Handbook of Middle American Indians

Handbook of Middle American Indians is a sixteen-volume compendium on Mesoamerica, from the prehispanic to the late twentieth century. Volumes on particular topics were published from the 1960s and 1970s under the general editorship of Robert Wau ...

                                               

Handbook of North American Indians

The Handbook of North American Indians is a series of edited scholarly and reference volumes in Native American studies, published by the Smithsonian Institution beginning in 1978. Planning for the handbook series began in the late 1960s and work ...

                                               

Handbook of South American Indians

The Handbook of South American Indians is a monographic series of edited scholarly and reference volumes in ethnographic studies, published by the Smithsonian Institution between 1940 and 1947. In 1932, Baron Erland Nordenskiold agreed to edit th ...

                                               

Handbook of Texas

The Handbook of Texas is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published by the Texas State Historical Association.

                                               

Encyclopedia of Hinduism

Encyclopedia of Hinduism, 1st ed., 2012, is a comprehensive, multi-volume, English language encyclopedia of Hinduism, comprising Sanātana Dharma, a Sanskrit phrase, meaning "the eternal law", or the "eternal way", that is used to refer to Hinduis ...

                                               

Encyclopædia Iranica

Encyclopædia Iranica is a project whose goal is to create a comprehensive and authoritative English language encyclopedia about the history, culture, and civilization of Iranian peoples from prehistory to modern times.

                                               

Jewish Virtual Library

The Jewish Virtual Library is an online encyclopedia published by the American–Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. It is a website covering topics about Israel–United States relations, Jewish history, Israel, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism and Judaism.

                                               

Larousse Gastronomique

Larousse Gastronomique is an encyclopedia of gastronomy. The majority of the book is about French cuisine, and contains recipes for French dishes and cooking techniques. The first edition included few non-French dishes and ingredients; later edit ...

                                               

Man, Myth & Magic (encyclopedia)

Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural is an encyclopedia of the supernatural, including magic, mythology and religion. It was edited by Richard Cavendish. The art director was Brian Innes, former percussionist of The ...

                                               

National Cyclopedia of the Colored Race

The National Cyclopedia of the Colored Race was an encyclopedia about subjects of interest to African Americans published in 1919. Clement Richardson, a faculty member at Tuskegee Institute who became president of Lincoln Institute within a year ...

                                               

The Oxford Companion to Food

The Oxford Companion to Food is an encyclopedia about food. It was edited by Alan Davidson and published by Oxford University Press in 1999. It was also issued in softcover under the name The Penguin Companion to Food. The second and third editio ...

                                               

The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire

The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire is a book about the small nations of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Russia and some other post-Soviet states of today. It was published in Estonian in 1991 and in English in 2001. T ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Serbian Historiography

The Encyclopedia of Serbian Historiography is a one-volume encyclopedia on Serbian historiography and related historical sciences, edited by Sima Cirkovic and Rade Mihaljcic.

                                               

Shorter Jewish Encyclopedia

The Shorter Jewish Encyclopedia was published in 11 volumes in Jerusalem from 1976 to 2005 in Russian by the Society for Research on Jewish Communities with the support of Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The SJE is the only comprehensive encyclop ...

                                               

The Encyclopaedia Sinica

The Encyclopaedia Sinica is a 1917 English-language encyclopedia on China and China-related subjects edited by English missionary Samuel Couling. It covers a range of topics and provides insight on early 20th century perspectives towards China. C ...

                                               

Sudanese Encyclopedia of Tribes and Genealogies

Sudanese Encyclopedia of Tribes and Genealogies by Awn Alsharif Qasim, printed in Khartoum by Maktabat Afiruqraf in 1996. This encyclopaedia consists of seven volumes and 2628 pages. In his 12-page introduction, which is incorporated in the first ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of White Power

Encyclopedia of White Power: A Sourcebook on the Radical Racist Right is a reference book edited by Jeffrey Kaplan. It focuses on the White Power movement, mainly United States groups and individuals. In addition to contributions by academics, it ...

                                               

Heroes of the Environment

Heroes of the Environment was a list of a years most notable environmentalists chosen and compiled by Time magazine. The award was established in 2007. Heroes of the Environment 2008. Heroes of the Environment 2007. Heroes of the Environment 2009.

                                               

Heroes of the Environment (2007)

Heroes of the Environment is a list published in Time Magazine. The inaugural list was published in October 2007. The list contains 43 entries, individuals or groups that have contributed substantially to the preservation of environment, and is d ...

                                               

Heroes of the Environment (2008)

Heroes of the Environment is a list published in Time magazine. After the inaugural list of 2007, the next list was published in September 2008. The list contains 30 entries, individuals or groups that have contributed substantially to the preser ...

                                               

Heroes of the Environment (2009)

Heroes of the Environment is a list published in Time Magazine. The third list was published in September 2009. It contains 30 entries, individuals or groups, that have contributed substantially to the preservation of environment. It is divided i ...

                                               

Upcycling

Upcycling, also known as creative reuse, is the process of transforming by-products, waste materials, useless, or unwanted products into new materials or products of better quality and environmental value.

                                               

De spectaculis

De Spectaculis, also known as On the Spectacles or The Shows, is a surviving moral and ascetic treatise by Tertullian. Written somewhere between 197-202, the work looks at the moral legitimacy and consequences of Christians attending the circus, ...

                                               

Digital Maoism: The Hazards of the New Online Collectivism

In his online essay, in Edge magazine in May 2006, Lanier criticized the sometimes-claimed omniscience of collective wisdom including examples such as the Wikipedia article about himself, describing it as "digital Maoism". He writes "If we start ...

                                               

Rozz Tox Manifesto

The Rozz Tox Manifesto is a 1980 essay by visual artist Gary Panter in which Panter rejects the notion of the artist as bohemian; instead, an artist is encouraged to work within capitalism to reach a larger market.

                                               

Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?

Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? is a 1971 essay by American art historian Linda Nochlin. It is considered a pioneering essay for both feminist art history and feminist art theory.

                                               

Ethnic group

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of presumed similarities such as common language, ancestry, history, society, culture, nation or social treatment within their residing area. ...

                                               

Auto-segregation

Auto-segregation or self-segregation is the separation of a religious or ethnic group from the rest of society in a state by the group itself. This could also mean inability for a normal social interaction and a form of social exclusion. Through ...

                                               

Ciubotaru v. Moldova

Ciubotaru v. Moldova was a case decided by European Court of Human Rights in 2010. Ciubotaru sought to have his ethnicity changed from Moldovan to Romanian on his birth and marriage certificates, which Moldova refused. The Court found that Moldov ...

                                               

Cross-race effect

The cross-race effect is the tendency to more easily recognize faces that are most familiar. A study was made which examined 271 real court cases. In photographic line-ups, 231 witnesses participated in cross-race versus same-race identification. ...

                                               

Ethnic minorities in Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia was founded as a country in the aftermath of World War I with its borders set out in the Treaty of Trianon and Treaty of Versailles, though the new borders were de facto established about a year prior. One of the main objects of th ...

                                               

Deculturalization

Deculturalization is the process by which an ethnic group is forced to abandon its language, culture, and customs. It is the destruction of the culture of a dominated group and its replacement by the culture of the dominating group. Deculturaliza ...

                                               

Ethnic identity development

Ethnic identity development or ethnic-racial identity development includes the identity formation in an individuals self-categorization in, and psychological attachment to, ethnic group. Ethnic identity is characterized as part of ones overarchin ...

                                               

Ethnic majority

An ethnic majority describes the numerical dominance of individuals of an ethnic group within the total population of a particular political or geographical entity. Ethnicity refers to genealogy, language, culture, identification with a historica ...

                                               

Ethnic option

Ethnic option is a term coined by sociologist Mary C. Waters to express her conception that ethnic identity of the descendants of immigrants is flexible, symbolic and voluntary, not a definitive aspect of their identity. Waters argues that with t ...

                                               

Ethnic origin

The concept of ethnic origin is an attempt to classify people, not according to their current nationality, but according to commonalities in their social background. For example, somebody living in a monocultural environment, speaking English and ...

                                               

Ethnic Power Relations

The Ethnic Power Relations dataset identifies all politically relevant ethnic groups, their size, and their access to state power in every country of the world with a population of at least 250.000 from 1946 to 2017. It includes annual data on ov ...

                                               

Ethnic theme park

Ethnic theme parks are theme parks based on traditions and cultures of a multitude of ethnic groups. These parks provide a glimpse into the cultures and geographic areas of different countries around the world. Two examples of these parks are the ...

                                               

Ethnoburb

An ethnoburb is a suburban residential and business area with a notable cluster of a particular ethnic minority population. Although the group may not constitute the majority within the region, it is a significant amount of the population. That c ...

                                               

Ethnocentrism

Ethnocentrism is used in social sciences and anthropology to describe the act of judging another culture and believing that the values and standards of ones own culture are superior – especially with regard to language, behavior, customs, and rel ...

                                               

Ethnogenesis

Ethnogenesis is "the formation and development of an ethnic group." This can originate through a process of self-identification as well as come about as the result of outside identification. The term is a mid-20th century neologism, and refers to ...

                                               

Ethnolinguistic group

An ethnolinguistic group is a group that is unified by both a common ethnicity and language. Most ethnic groups have their own language. Despite this, the term is often used to emphasise when language is a major basis for the ethnic group, especi ...

                                               

Ethnopluralism

Ethnopluralism, sometimes called ethno-differentialism, is a Nouvelle Droite concept which relies on preserving and mutually respecting individual and bordered ethno-cultural regions. A key component being the "right to difference" and strong sup ...

                                               

Exonym and endonym

An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect. It is a common name used only outside the place, group, or linguistic community in question. An endonym or auton ...

                                               

Geographical segregation

Geographical segregation exists whenever the proportions of population rates of two or more populations are not homogenous throughout a defined space. Populations can be considered any plant or animal species, human genders, followers of a certai ...

                                               

Indigenization

Indigenization is the act of making something more native; transformation of some service, idea, etc. to suit a local culture, especially through the use of more indigenous people in administration, employment, etc. The term is primarily used by ...

                                               

Legendary progenitor

Masculinity, femininity and "ghenos" or lineage linked to legendary progenitors were fundamental concepts of family identity in the Etruscan and Ancient Greek eras. The Greeks demonstrated the principles of family functionality in the mythologica ...

                                               

Māori identity

Māori identity is the objective or subjective state of perceiving oneself as a Māori and as relating to being Māori. The most commonly cited central pillar of Māori identity is whakapapa, which in its most literal sense, requires blood-ancestry t ...

                                               

Meta-ethnicity

Meta-ethnicity is a relatively recent term occasionally used in academic literature or public discourse on ethnic studies. It describes a level of commonality that is wider and more general than ethnicity, but does not necessarily correspond to n ...

                                               

Minority stress

Minority stress describes chronically high levels of stress faced by members of stigmatized minority groups. It may be caused by a number of factors, including poor social support and low socioeconomic status; well understood causes of minority s ...

                                               

Monoculturalism

Monoculturalism is the policy or process of supporting, advocating, or allowing the expression of the culture of a single social or ethnic group. It generally stems from beliefs within the dominant group that their cultural practices are superior ...

                                               

Monoethnicity

Monoethnicity is the existence of a single ethnic group in a given region or country. It is the opposite of polyethnicity. China is the largest predominantly monoethnic country; 91.6% of the population are Han Chinese. An example of a largely mon ...

                                               

Nation

A nation is a stable community of people formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history, ethnicity, or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture. A nation is more overtly political than an ethnic group; it has been descri ...

                                               

Native American identity in the United States

Native American identity in the United States is an evolving topic based on the struggle to define "Native American" or Indian" both for people who consider themselves Native American and for people who do not. Some people seek an identity that w ...

                                               

Panethnicity

Panethnicity is a political neologism used to group various ethnic groups together based on their related cultural origins; geographic, linguistic, religious, or racial similarities are often used alone or in combination to draw panethnic boundar ...

                                               

Polyculturalism

Polyculturalism is an ideological approach to the consequences of intercultural engagements within a geographical area which emphasises similarities between, and the enduring interconnectedness of, groups which self-identify as distinct, thus blu ...

                                               

Polyethnicity

Polyethnicity refers to the proximity of people from different ethnic backgrounds within a country or other specific geographic region. It also relates to the ability and willingness of individuals to identify themselves with multiple ethnicities ...

                                               

Qaum

Qaum is the Arabic word for nation. It may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history. In this definition, a nation has no physical borders. However, it can also refer to people who sha ...

                                               

Race and ethnicity in censuses

Many countries and national censuses currently enumerate or have previously enumerated their populations by race, ethnicity, nationality, or a combination of these characteristics. Different countries have different classifications and census opt ...

                                               

Race and health

Race and health refers to how being identified with a specific race influences health. Race is a complex concept that changes across time and space and that depends on both self-identification and social recognition. In the study of race and heal ...

                                               

The Race Question

The Race Question is the first of four UNESCO statements about issues of race. It was issued on 18 July 1950 following World War II and Nazi racism to clarify what was scientifically known about race, and as a moral condemnation of racism. It was ...

                                               

Racialized society

A racialized society is a society where socioeconomic inequality, residential segregation and low intermarriage rates are the norm, where humans definitions of personal identity and choices of intimate relationships reveal racial distinctiveness. ...

                                               

Supraethnicity

Supraethnicity is a scholarly neologism, used mainly in social sciences as a formal designation for a particular structural category that lies "above" the basic level of ethnicity. It is often paired with subethnicity, a similar technical term wi ...

                                               

Symbolic ethnicity

In sociology, symbolic ethnicity is a nostalgic allegiance to, love for, and pride in a cultural tradition that can be felt and lived without having to be incorporated to the persons everyday behavior; as such, a symbolic ethnic identity usually ...

                                               

White Privilege Conference

The White Privilege Conference is a yearly conference held to discuss the issue of white privilege. The conference features several workshops and groups for students and adults about racism, race, perceived white privilege, sexism, black oppressi ...

                                               

White Racial Identity Development

The White Racial Identity Model was developed by psychologist Janet Helms in 1990. It is a racial and ethnic identity model created specifically for people who identify as white. This theory, heavily influenced by William Cross, has become a wide ...

                                               

Alai Balai

Balai is a cultural event held during the Navarathri festivities before Dassera. It showcases the life of people in State of Telangana. The festival aims to spread camaraderie and brotherhood among people.

                                               

Berlin Art Week

Berlin Art Week is a 6-day cultural event that takes place in Berlin, Germany, once a year in the fall and is organised by Kulturprojekte Berlin GmbH. Berlin Art Week showcases contemporary art from all over the world, through events, exhibition ...

                                               

Bor, Mamor, Benye

Bor, Mamor, Benye Festival - festival in the gardens of Erdobenye was born in 2009 from an ideas session of six wineries in Hungary, Tokaj Wine Region, Erdobenye. The local wine makers, who later formed an association – have staged this gastro-cu ...

                                               

Doors Open Days

Doors Open Days or simply open days provide free access to buildings not normally open to the public. The first Doors Open Day took place in France in 1984, and the concept has spread to other places in Europe, North America, Australia and elsewh ...

                                               

Freie Berliner Kunstausstellung

The Freie Berliner Kunstausstellung, the" Free Berlin Art Exhibition” in Berlin, was" unique in its structure”. For 24 years, from 1971 to 1995, it was the only non-juried art exhibition of its size in Europe. It opened after the GroSe Berliner K ...

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