Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 362

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 362

                                               

Vehicle Theft Protection Program

Vehicle Theft Protection Program is an educational initiative in North America started by the National Insurance Crime Bureau and LoJack Corporation designed to help owners of cars, motorcycles, construction equipment and commercial vehicles bett ...

                                               

Virtuous Pedophiles

Virtuous Pedophiles is an Internet-based mutual support group for pedophiles who acknowledge having a sexual interest in children and do not act on their attraction. Members support each other in trying to lead normal lives without committing chi ...

                                               

War on Gangs

In the United States, the war on gangs is a national movement to reduce gang-related activity, gang violence, and gang drug involvement on the local, state, and federal level. The war on gangs is a multi-lateral approach, as federal agencies seek ...

                                               

Claudia Webbe

Claudia Naomi Webbe is a British Labour Party politician who has served as the Member of Parliament for Leicester East since 2019. She was formerly the chair of Operation Trident, having participated in its development in the mid-1990s. She was p ...

                                               

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau a statutory body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to combat organised wildlife crime. The Wild Life Amendment Act, 2006 provisions came in to force o ...

                                               

Witness protection

Witness protection is security provided to a threatened person providing testimonial evidence to the justice system, including defendants and other clients, before, during, and after a trial, usually by police. While a witness may only require pr ...

                                               

Youth Crime Watch of America

Youth Crime Watch of America, Inc., based in Miami, Florida, is a non profit 501 organization dedicated to establishing Youth Crime Watches across the United States and other countries. Sponsored in part by the US Department of Justice, OJJDP, it ...

                                               

2013 Dera Ismail Khan prison attack

On 29 July 2013, terrorists attacked on Dera Ismail Khans central prison and freed more than 240 criminals including 35 high-profile terrorists. Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan claimed responsibility of attack.

                                               

Ducking (slang)

"Ducking" is a prison slang term for a technique through which prisoners modify the behavior of correctional officers and other prison staff members using manipulation and coercion. The prison slang term for a prison staff member that has been ma ...

                                               

Gassing (prison slang)

Gassing, also known as chucking, is prison slang for the act of throwing feces or some other bodily fluid such as urine, blood, semen, or saliva at a jail/prison staff member or other inmate. Gassing is an act of rebellion by inmates against cust ...

                                               

Lock in a sock

The lock in a sock is a prison weapon created by placing a padlock in a sock, and used as a blunt instrument to beat other inmates. The weapon is easy for inmates to make compared to creating a shank, and when not assembled, the padlock and the s ...

                                               

Mobile phones in prison

In most prisons, inmates are forbidden from possessing mobile phones due to their ability to communicate with the outside world and other security issues. Mobile phones are one of the most smuggled items into prisons. They provide inmates the abi ...

                                               

Prison escape

A prison escape is the act of an inmate leaving prison through unofficial or illegal ways. Normally, when this occurs, an effort is made on the part of authorities to recapture them and return them to their original detainers. Escaping from priso ...

                                               

Prison riot

A prison riot is an act of concerted defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners against the prison administrators, prison officers, or other groups of prisoners. Prison riots have not been the subject of many academic studies or research inquir ...

                                               

Prison violence

Prison violence is a daily occurrence due to the diverse inmates with varied criminal backgrounds in penitentiaries. The three different types of attacks are inmate on inmate, inmate on guard, and self-inflicted. These attacks can either be impul ...

                                               

Prisoner abuse

Prisoner abuse is the mistreatment of persons while they are under arrest or incarcerated, therefore deprived of the right of self-defense against acting authorities and generally defenseless in actual fact. Abuse falling into this category inclu ...

                                               

Pruno

Pruno, or prison wine, is an alcoholic beverage variously made from apples, oranges, fruit cocktail, fruit juices, hard candy, sugar, high fructose syrup, and possibly other ingredients, including crumbled bread. Bread supposedly provides the yea ...

                                               

Smuggling

Smuggling is the illegal transportation of objects, substances, information or people, such as out of a house or buildings, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations. There are various ...

                                               

Crime statistics

There are several methods for the measuring of crime. Public surveys are occasionally conducted to estimate the amount of crime that has not been reported to police. Such surveys are usually more reliable for assessing trends. However, they also ...

                                               

Bureau of Justice Statistics

The United States Bureau of Justice Statistics is a federal government agency belonging to the U.S. Department of Justice and a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System. Established on 27 December 1979, the bureau collects, analyze ...

                                               

CompStat

CompStat - or COMPSTAT - is a combination of management, philosophy, and organizational management tools for police departments. It is named after the New York City Police Departments accountability process and has since been implemented by many ...

                                               

Corruption Perceptions Index

The Corruption Perceptions Index is an index published annually by Transparency International since 1995 which ranks countries "by their perceived levels of public sector corruption, as determined by expert assessments and opinion surveys." The C ...

                                               

Crime harm index

A crime harm index is a measurement of crime rates in which crimes are weighted based on how much "harm" they cause. The most simple and most common method of measuring an areas crime rate is to count the number of crimes. In this case, one minor ...

                                               

Crime Survey for England and Wales

The Crime Survey for England and Wales is a systematic victim study, currently carried out by Kantar Public on behalf of the Office for National Statistics. Curated by the UK Data Service, it can be accessed for research on their website. The sur ...

                                               

Epidemiology of domestic violence

Domestic violence occurs across the world, in various cultures, and affects people across society, at all levels of economic status; however, indicators of lower socioeconomic status have been shown to be risk factors for higher levels of domesti ...

                                               

I2 Limited

i2 Limited was the UK-based arm of software company i2 Group which produced visual intelligence and investigative analysis software for military intelligence, law enforcement and commercial agencies. After a number of acquisitions, in 2011 it bec ...

                                               

Criminal intelligence

Criminal Intelligence is information compiled, analyzed, and/or disseminated in an effort to anticipate, prevent, or monitor criminal activity. The United States Army Military Police Corps defines criminal intelligence in more detail; criminal in ...

                                               

Maryland StateStat

Maryland StateStat is a performance-measurement and management tool used by the Government of Maryland. It was implemented by Governor Martin OMalley in 2007.

                                               

Measures of campus sexual assault

Research consistently shows that the majority of rape and other sexual assault victims do not report their attacks to law enforcement. Reasons for not reporting include fear of reprisal, shame, uncertainty about whether a crime was committed, or ...

                                               

National Crime Recording Standards in England and Wales

In England and Wales, the principle of the National Crime Recording Standard is to direct how statistics about notifiable offences are collected by police forces. An important distinction is made between notifiable offence recording and police in ...

                                               

National Crime Victimization Survey

The National Crime Victimization Survey, administered by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, is a national survey of approximately 49.000 to 77.400 households twice a year in the United States, on the frequency of crime victimization, as well as ch ...

                                               

Notifiable offence

A notifiable offence is any offence under United Kingdom law where the police must inform the Home Office, who use the report to compile crime statistics. The term Notifiable Offence is sometimes confused with recordable offence.

                                               

ODIS

ODIS, or the Offender Data Information System is a web based, computerized records management software application to improve the capture, maintenance and quality of law enforcement data and that is capable of running in any combination of centra ...

                                               

Rape statistics

Statistics on rape and other sexual assaults are commonly available in industrialized countries, and are becoming more common throughout the world. Inconsistent definitions of rape, different rates of reporting, recording, prosecution and convict ...

                                               

Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation

The Scottish index of multiple deprivation is a statistical tool used by local authorities, the Scottish government, the NHS and other government bodies in Scotland to support policy and decision making. It won the Royal Statistical Societys Exce ...

                                               

Supplementary Homicide Reports

Supplementary Homicide Reports is a database of homicides in the United States maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as part of its Uniform Crime Reports program. The database consists of detailed reports of homicides reported to the ...

                                               

Uniform Crime Reports

The Uniform Crime Reporting program compiles official data on crime in the United States, published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. UCR is "a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of nearly 18.000 city, university and college, county ...

                                               

Timeline of major crimes in Australia

15 January 1894 – The baby farming murderer Frances Lydia Alice Knorr was hanged. 11 October 1896 – Joseph Thyer, a sheep farmer, murdered his wife and five children before hanging himself in Cavanagh, SA 1 March 1898 – Glover family tragedy – A ...

                                               

Timeline of the Beslan school siege

The Beslan school hostage crisis began when armed Muslim terrorists took more than 1200 school children and adults hostage on 1 September 2004, at School Number One in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.

                                               

List of riots and civil unrest in Calgary

Below is a timeline of riots and civil unrest in calgary, Alberta. Since its Foundation in the town in 1884, like other cities, calgary has to deal with different violence. Calgary was credited with maintaining relative civility in the course of ...

                                               

Timeline of deportations of French Jews to death camps

This is a timeline of deportations of French Jews to Nazi extermination camps in German-occupied Europe during World War II. The overall total of Jews deported from France is a minimum of 75.721.

                                               

Timeline of the 2011 England riots

In early August 2011, England was struck by riots, the worst in the country in decades. The timeline of the events of the riots spanned from 6–10 August.

                                               

Timeline of organized crime

This is a timeline of the history of organized crime. Note: Sources included are Carl Sifakiss The Mafia Encyclopedia, Herbert Asburys The Gangs of New York and others. Online references also include Thomas P. Hunts Mafia Chronology, John Dickies ...

                                               

Timeline of piracy

This is a timeline of the history of piracy. 2010s: 2010 - 2011 - 2012 - 2013 - 2014 - 2015 - 2016 - 2017 1960s: 1960 - 1961 - 1962 - 1963 - 1964 - 1965 - 1966 - 1967 - 1968 - 1969 1710s: 1710 - 1711 - 1712 - 1713 - 1714 - 1715 - 1716 - 1717 - 17 ...

                                               

Plame affair timeline

The Plame affair erupted in July 2003, when journalist Robert Novak revealed that Valerie Plame worked as covert employee of the Central Intelligence Agency, although the seeds of the scandal had been laid during 2001 and 2002 as the Bush adminis ...

                                               

Timeline of the Air India Flight 182 affair

The bombings of Air India Flight 182 and the Narita Airport launched several investigations, inquiries and trials. The trial of Malik and Bagri is known as the Air India Trial; events relating to the incident are listed below in chronological ord ...

                                               

Timeline of the Watergate scandal

The Watergate Scandal refers to the burglary and illegal wiretapping of the Washington, D.C. headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, in the Watergate complex, by members of President of the United States Richard Nixons re-election comm ...

                                               

Timeline of Treblinka extermination camp

This article presents the timeline of events at Treblinka extermination camp during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust in World War II. All deportations were from German occupied Poland, except where noted. In most cases the number of deporte ...

                                               

Nahshon Dion Anderson

Nahshon Dion Anderson is an Afro-Latin American trans woman and Louisiana Creole non-fiction writer. She is a recipient of the Bronx Recognizes Its Own Award, awarded by the Bronx Council on the Arts.

                                               

Disappearance of Jonelle Matthews

Jonelle Matthews was a 12-year-old girl, who disappeared on December 20, 1984. She remained missing for 34 years, until her remains were discovered on July 24, 2019 by workers constructing a new pipeline.

                                               

Teneu

Teneu, Thaney, Thanea, Denw, etc) is a legendary Christian saint who was venerated in medieval Glasgow, Scotland. Traditionally she was a sixth-century Brittonic princess of the ancient kingdom of Gododdin and the mother of Saint Kentigern, apost ...

                                               

Mary Lynn Witherspoon

Mary Lynn Witherspoon was a school teacher in Charleston, South Carolina, and died in 2003. Her ex-boyfriends son, Edmonds Tennent Brown IV, had stalked and obsessed over her for 22 years. He broke into her home after being released from prison; ...

                                               

Vigilantism

Recognized since the 1980s, Sombra Negra or "Black Shadow" of El Salvador is a group of mostly retired police officers and military personnel whose sole duty is to cleanse the country of "impure" social elements by killing criminals and gang memb ...

                                               

Acts of repudiation

Acts of repudiation is a term Cuban authorities use to refer to acts of violence and or humiliation towards critics of the government. These acts occur when large groups of citizens verbally abuse, intimidate and sometimes physically assault and ...

                                               

Bond vigilante

A bond vigilante is a bond market investor who protests monetary or fiscal policies considered inflationary by selling bonds, thus increasing yields. In the bond market, prices move inversely to yields. When investors perceive that inflation risk ...

                                               

Cardboard Justice

Cardboard Justice is a term conceptualised by Hope Swann, a teacher from De La Salle University in Manila, Philippines. The context of coining this term is the extrajudicial killings of criminals especially the drug peddlers in Philippines. The t ...

                                               

Charivari

Charivari or skimmington was a folk custom in which a mock parade was staged through a community accompanied by a discordant mock serenade. Since the crowd aimed to make as much noise as possible by beating on pots and pans or anything that came ...

                                               

Cow vigilante violence in India

Cow vigilante violence involves mob attacks in the name of "cow protection" targeting mostly illegal cow smugglers, but in some cases even licensed cow traders, has swelled since 2014. There is a debate on whether there has actually been any chan ...

                                               

Hue and cry

In common law, a hue and cry is a process by which bystanders are summoned to assist in the apprehension of a criminal who has been witnessed in the act of committing a crime.

                                               

Internet vigilantism

Internet vigilantism is the act of carrying out vigilante activities through the Internet or carried out using applications that depend on the Internet. The term encompasses vigilantism against alleged scams, crimes, and non-Internet related beha ...

                                               

Kangaroo court

A kangaroo court is a court that ignores recognized standards of law or justice and often carries little or no official standing in the territory within which it resides. The term may also apply to a court held by a legitimate judicial authority ...

                                               

Kneecapping

Kneecapping is a form of malicious wounding, often as torture, in which the victim is injured in the knee. The injury is typically inflicted by a low-velocity gunshot to the knee pit with a handgun. The term is considered a misnomer by medical pr ...

                                               

Lynching

Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob in order to punish an alleged transgressor, convicted transgressor, or to intimidate a group. It can also be an ...

                                               

Lynching at Wlodowo

The lynching at Wlodowo took place in a village of Wlodowo in North-Eastern Poland on 1 July 2005. Local men killed a criminal Jozef "Ciechanek" Ciechanowicz who was terrorizing the community.

                                               

Mai-Mai

The term Mayi-Mayi or Mai-Mai refers to any kind of community-based militia group active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formed to defend their local territory against other armed groups. Most were formed to resist the invasion of Rwanda ...

                                               

Mob justice in Ghana

Mob justice is when a person suspected to be a criminal is beaten by a group of people or crowd with clubs, stones, machetes, or anything they can lay their hands on. In some cases the alleged criminal dies in the process due to excessive beaten ...

                                               

Struggle session

A struggle session was a form of public humiliation and torture that was used by the Communist Party of China at various times in the Mao era, particularly years immediately before and after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China and ...

                                               

Tarring and feathering

Tarring and feathering is a form of public torture and humiliation used to enforce unofficial justice or revenge. It was used in feudal Europe and its colonies in the early modern period, as well as the early American frontier, mostly as a type o ...

                                               

Vigilance committee

A vigilance committee was a group formed of private citizens to administer law and order where they considered governmental structures to be inadequate. The term is commonly associated with the frontier areas of the American West in the mid-19th ...

                                               

Whitechapel Vigilance Committee

The Whitechapel Vigilance Committee was a group of local volunteers who patrolled the streets of Londons Whitechapel District during the period of the Whitechapel murders of 1888. The volunteers cruised mainly at night, assisting police in the se ...

                                               

Damien Echols

The West Memphis Three are three men known for being convicted as teenagers in 1994, of the 1993 murders of three boys in West Memphis, Arkansas, United States. Damien Echols was sentenced to death, Jessie Misskelley, Jr. to life imprisonment plu ...

                                               

Damien Echols

                                               

Devil's Knot (film)

Devils Knot is a 2013 American biographical crime drama film directed by Atom Egoyan. Adopted from Mara Leveritts 2002 book of the same name, the film is about the true story of three murdered children, and the three teenagers known as the West M ...

                                               

Devil's Knot: The True Story of the West Memphis Three

For the film based on the book, see Devils Knot film Devils Knot: The True Story of the West Memphis Three is a 2002 true crime book by Mara Leveritt, about the 1993 murders of three eight-year-old children and the subsequent trials of three teen ...

                                               

Illusions (Michale Graves album)

Illusions is the third solo album by former Misfits vocalist Michale Graves. It is a collaborative album between Graves and West Memphis Three member Damien Echols, featuring written content and backing vocals from Echols. The album was produced ...

                                               

Paradise Lost 2: Revelations

Paradise Lost 2: Revelations is a 2000 American documentary film directed and produced by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky, and the sequel to their 1996 film Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills, about the trials of the West Memph ...

                                               

Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory

Paradise Lost 3: Purgatory is a 2011 American documentary film directed by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky, and sequel to their films Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills and Paradise Lost 2: Revelations. The three films are abou ...

                                               

Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills

Paradise Lost: The Child Murders at Robin Hood Hills is a 1996 American documentary film directed, produced and edited by Joe Berlinger and Bruce Sinofsky about the trials of the West Memphis Three, three teenage youths accused of the May 1993 mu ...

                                               

Rise Above: 24 Black Flag Songs to Benefit the West Memphis Three

Rise Above: 24 Black Flag Songs to Benefit the West Memphis Three is a 2002 tribute album. The album consists of covers of Black Flag songs performed by the Rollins Band, with vocalists from various well-known rock, hip hop, punk and metal artist ...

                                               

West of Memphis

West of Memphis is a 2012 New Zealand-American documentary film directed and co-written by Amy J. Berg, produced by Peter Jackson and Damien Echols, and released in the US by Sony Pictures Classics to critical acclaim. It received a nomination fo ...

                                               

Whistleblower

A whistleblower is a person who exposes secretive information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within a private or public organization. The information of alleged wrongdoing can be classified in many ways: violation o ...

                                               

Associated Whistleblowing Press

The Associated Whistleblowing Press is a not-for-profit information agency based in Brussels, Belgium, dedicated to the defense of human rights by promoting transparency, freedom of information and speech, whistleblowing and investigative journal ...

                                               

Blacklist (employment)

In employment, a blacklist or blacklisting refers to denying people employment for either political reasons, due to a history of trade union activity, or due to a history of whistleblowing, for example on safety or corruption issues. Blacklisting ...

                                               

BuggedPlanet

BuggedPlanet.info is a Wiki created in 2011 by Andy Muller-Maguhn, former spokesman of the Chaos Computer Club, that tries to list and track down the activities of the surveillance industry in the fields of "Lawful interception", Signals intellig ...

                                               

Courage Foundation

The Courage Foundation is a trust for fundraising the legal defence of individuals such as whistleblowers and journalists. Founded on August 9, 2013, as the Journalistic Source Protection Defence Fund by WikiLeaks, the site later rebranded in Jun ...

                                               

Essar leaks

The Essar leaks include e-mails, office memos, telephone conversations and other records allegedly leaked from the systems of the Indian business conglomerate Essar Group. The leaked records allegedly contain evidence of politician-corporate nexu ...

                                               

Freedom to Speak Up Review

The Freedom to Speak Up Review was a review into whistleblowing in the NHS in England. It was announced on 24 June 2014 and it was chaired by Sir Robert Francis. The review was originally expected to report in November 2014 but took longer becaus ...

                                               

GlobaLeaks

GlobaLeaks is an open-source, free software intended to enable secure and anonymous whistleblowing initiatives. It was developed by the Hermes Center for Transparency and Digital Human Rights, an Italian-based NGO supporting freedom of speech onl ...

                                               

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report

The Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report contains the Government of Pakistans official and classified papers of the events leading up to loss of East Pakistan and the 1971 war with India. Initially, there were 12 copies of the report prepared by the ...

                                               

Hutchinson Letters Affair

The Hutchinson Letters Affair was an incident that increased tensions between the colonists of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and the British government prior to the American Revolution. In June 1773 letters written several years earlier by Th ...

                                               

The Lindsay Memorandum

The Lindsay Memorandum was a report written by Sir Martin Lindsay, then a Captain in the British Army, in which he detailed the various short-comings and ineptitude which accompanied the British Armys involvement in the Norwegian Campaign during ...

                                               

Mauritius Leaks

Mauritius Leaks refers to the report of a datajournalistic investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists in 2019 about how the former French colony Mauritius has transformed itself into a thriving financial centre and ...

                                               

The Memory Hole (web site)

The Memory Hole was a website edited by Russ Kick; launched on July 10, 2002, last post on May 11, 2009, with a successor website appearing in June 2016. Before being hacked in June 2009, the site was devoted to preserving and publishing material ...

                                               

Minileaks

Minileaks is a non-profit organization whose aim is to promote freedom of speech and civil justice in Spain. Inspired by the ideals of the 2011 Spanish protests 15-M movement, the project was founded in 2010 by journalists Eduardo Laporte and Iñi ...

                                               

Murder in Samarkand

Murder in Samarkand is a non-fiction book by British activist and former ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray. The book forms an account of his period as the British ambassador in Tashkent in 2002–2004. The work explains how Murray sacrificed h ...

                                               

Pedro Noel

Pedro Noel is a Brazilian journalist and graduated philosopher. According to Romanian media, he is also an Internet media activist, known as one of those who made 700 thousand Spaniards take the streets in 2011.

                                               

Panama as a tax haven

The Republic of Panama is one of the oldest and best-known tax havens in the Caribbean, as well as one of the most established in the region. Panama has had a reputation for tax avoidance since the early 20th century, and Panama has been cited re ...

                                               

Panama Papers

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

                                               

Panama Papers (Africa)

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

                                               

Panama Papers (Asia)

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214.488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm ...

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