Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 356

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 356

                                               

Trump administration migrant detentions

The administration of tramp detained migrants attempting to enter the United States in the United States-Mexican border. Government reports from the Department of homeland security office of inspector General in may 2019 and July 2019 established ...

                                               

Anti-social behaviour

Anti-social behaviour are actions that harm or lack of remuneration for the welfare of others. It has also been defined as any behavior that violates the basic rights of another person and any behavior that is considered disruptive to other peopl ...

                                               

Chimpira

                                               

Dizelasi

Dizelasi was urban street youth subculture popular in the 1990-ies in Serbia. He was described as the main fashion, and a social subculture that the working class is similar to the British Chav, the French racaille and the Russian Gopnik. The Fre ...

                                               

Juggalo gangs

Juggalo is the name fans rap group Insane clown posse or any other psychopathic records artist. Juggalo subculture arose from the ad hoc group fan for horrorcore, hip hop music, in recent years, criminal groups began using the name "juggalo" and ...

                                               

List of Yakuza syndicates

Yakuza also known as gokudō, members of transnational organized crime groups originating in Japan. They operate internationally with approximately 102.000 members.

                                               

Narcoculture in Mexico

Narcoculture in Mexico is a subculture that grew as a result of strong presence of the various drug cartels in Mexico. Just as other subcultures throughout the world that are associated with crime and drug use, Mexican drug culture has developed ...

                                               

Outlaw motorcycle club

Outlaw motorcycle club, the motorcycle subculture. It is usually focused on the use of cruiser motorcycles, particularly Harley-Davidsons and choppers, and a set of ideals which celebrate freedom, nonconformity to mainstream culture, and loyalty ...

                                               

Thief in law

Kingpin in the USSR, post-Soviet States and respective diasporas abroad, in particular, has received an official and special status of a "criminal state," a professional criminal who enjoys elite position among other alleged mobsters in organized ...

                                               

Titushky

Aunts mercenary agents who supported the Ukrainian police during the reign of Viktor Yanukovych, often posing as street hooligans with the explicit aim of committing illegal acts. Titushki RAID is a widely used term in Ukrainian mass media and th ...

                                               

Yakuza

Yakuza also known as gokudō, members of transnational organized crime groups originating in Japan. Japanese police, and media by request of the police, call them bōryokudan, while the Yakuza call themselves ninkyō dantai. The English equivalent o ...

                                               

Criminal

                                               

Tom DeLay

Thomas Dale delay is a former member of the house of Representatives of the United States, representing Tekhass 22nd congressional district from 1985 until 2006. He was the Republican majority leader of the chamber from 2003 to 2005. Delay launch ...

                                               

Criminology

Criminology is the science that studies the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences and prevention of criminal behaviour, at both individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in the behavioral and soci ...

                                               

Index of criminology articles

acquittal – addiction – age of consent – age of criminal responsibility – an old offender – said – alloplastic adaptation to the American Academy of forensic Sciences – animal cruelty – animus nocendi – anomie theory – the answer law – anthropome ...

                                               

Acting out

In psychology, the mechanisms of protection and self-regulation, acting is performing an action is considered bad and antisocial. In common usage, the action performed is destructive to themselves or others. This term is used in this way in sexua ...

                                               

Age of onset (criminology)

The age of onset is the term used in criminology in regard to the age at which the crime first committed by a specific person.

                                               

Agent provocateur

Agent provocateur is a person who performs or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in the illegal act to ruin the reputation of or encourage a criminal case in relation to the purpose or the ...

                                               

Aging offender

An aging offender or an elderly offender-an individual who has attained the age of 55 who breaks the law and is in jail. The number of older people, breaking the law and being placed in prison is growing and presents a number of problems for corr ...

                                               

American Criminal Law Review

American criminal law review is a student-edited scholarly journal published at the Law center at Georgetown University. In aclr, the ratio of leakage power of adjacent American journal of criminal law and white collar crime.

                                               

Anthropological criminology

Anthropological criminology is a field of offender profiling, based on the understanding of the relationship between the nature of the offence and the character or appearance of the criminal. Although similar to physiognomy and phrenology, the te ...

                                               

Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder-a personality disorder characterized by a prolonged non-compliance or violation of the rights of others. Low moral sense or conscience is often apparent, as well as the history of crime, legal problems, impulsive o ...

                                               

Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring

The arrested drug abuse monitoring, or Adam, was of a survey conducted by the Ministry of justice of the United States in 1997-2003 and the Office of national drug control policy as the Adam II from 2007-2014 to assess the prevalence of illegal d ...

                                               

Battered woman syndrome

Originated in the 1990-ies the syndrome of battered women in several cases of murder in England, where the women were killed by violent partners in response to what they claimed was the cumulative abuse, and not in response to a single provocativ ...

                                               

Biosocial criminology

Biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to explain crime and antisocial behavior by exploring the biocultural factors. In modern criminology was dominated by sociological theories, biosocial criminology also recognizes the p ...

                                               

Blue-collar crime

In criminology, blue-collar crime is any crime committed by an individual of a lower social class, in contrast to white collar crime which is associated with crime committed by someone of a higher social class. While blue collar crime has no form ...

                                               

Brain lesion theory

The theory of brain lesions, as a rule, refers to the theory that brain tumor and seizures associated with aggressive and / or violent behavior. The theory is that people with damage to or lesion of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex are more lik ...

                                               

British Society of Criminology

British criminological society is one of the leading international organizations aimed at the development of interests and knowledge of both scientists and practitioners involved in any aspect of professional activities, teaching, research or pub ...

                                               

Broken windows theory

Broken Windows theory is a criminological theory which States that visible signs of crime, antisocial behaviour, civil unrest and create an urban environment that encourages further crime and disorder, including violent crimes. This theory sugges ...

                                               

Brutalization

In criminology, roughness refers to the hypothesis of a causal link between the shootings and the increase in the number of murders. This hypothesis suggests this relationship occurs because the penalty reduces public respect for life. This effec ...

                                               

Causes of sexual violence

There are many different theories explaining the causes of sexual violence. Theory, which will be discussed in this article include military conquest, the socioeconomics, anger, power, sadism, character traits, ethical standards, laws and evoluti ...

                                               

Chicago school (sociology)

The Department of sociology at the University of Chicago was conceived in 1892 and rose to international prominence as a hub of advanced sociological thought in the period between 1915 and 1935. In sociology and later criminology, the work of the ...

                                               

Classical school (criminology)

In criminology the classical school usually refers to the 18th century in the age of Enlightenment on utilitarian and social contract philosophers Jeremy Bentham and Cesare Beccaria. Their interests lay in the system of criminal justice and execu ...

                                               

Classification System for Serial Criminal Patterns

Classification system for serial criminal patterns is the artificial computer intelligence system, which helps law enforcement to identify linkages between serial crimes. Working in conjunction with a neural network called a Kohonen network, CSSC ...

                                               

Clearance rate

In the field of criminal justice, clearance rate is calculated by dividing the number of crimes that are "cleared" by the total number of registered crimes. The performance of detection used by various groups as a measure of crimes solved by the ...

                                               

Collective efficacy

In the sociology of crime, the notion of collective efficacy refers to the ability of community members to control the behavior of individuals and groups in society. Monitoring the behavior of people allows the community to create a safe and secu ...

                                               

Computational criminology

Computational criminology is an interdisciplinary field which uses computing science methods to formally define criminology concepts, improve our understanding of complex phenomena, and generate solutions to problems.

                                               

Confession (TV series)

Confession is an ABC crime/police documentary which was broadcast from June 19, 1958, to January 13, 1959, with interviewer Jack Wyatt questioning assorted criminals. The program was recorded by videotape from WFAA-TV, the network affiliate in Da ...

                                               

Conflict criminology

Largely based on the writings of Karl Marx, conflict criminology believes that crime in capitalist society cannot be adequately understood without awareness of what such societies, dominated by a wealthy elite, whose continued dominance requires ...

                                               

Constitutive criminology

Constitutive criminology is an affirmative, postmodernist-influenced theory of criminology posited by Stuart Henry and Dragan Milovanovic in constitutive criminology: beyond postmodernism, which was inspired by Anthony Giddens the Constitution of ...

                                               

Control fraud

Control fraud occurs when a trusted person in a high responsible position in the company, Corporation, or state, that undermines the organization and engages in extensive fraud for personal gain. The term "fraud control" was coined by William K. ...

                                               

Control theory (sociology)

Control theory in sociology is the idea that two control systems - inner controls and outer controls - work against our tendencies to deviate. Control theory can be classified as centralized or decentralized or not. Decentralized control is the c ...

                                               

Coroner's jury

The coroners jury is a body convened to assist the investigator in the investigation, that is, in the determination of the identity of the deceased and cause of death. The laws on its role and function vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.

                                               

Organi-cultural deviance

In criminology, corporate crime refers to crimes committed either of the Corporation or persons acting on behalf of a Corporation or other business organization. For the worst corporate crimes, corporations can threaten judicial dissolution, some ...

                                               

Crime analysis

Crime analysis is a law enforcement function that involves systematic analysis for identifying and analysing patterns and trends of crime and disorder. Information on patterns can help law enforcement agencies to use resources more efficiently an ...

                                               

Crime Contagion Models

The model of contagion of crime refers to the idea, whether crime is contagious. Contagion models predict a positive relationship between violent crime rates and the propensity of MTO participants to participate in violent crimes. The concept of ...

                                               

Crime displacement

Crime displacement is the relocation of crime in the actions of the police on crime prevention efforts. The displacement of crime was associated with problem-oriented policing, but it can occur at other levels and for other reasons. Community dev ...

                                               

Crime hotspots

Crime also areas on the map, which has a high intensity of crime. They are designed for researchers and analysts to study geographical areas in relation to crime. Researchers and theorists studying the emergence of hot spots in certain places and ...

                                               

Crime mapping

Crime mapping is used by analysts in law enforcement, visualization and analysis of patterns of crime. It is a key component of crime analysis and the Compstat policing strategy. Crime mapping using geographic information systems, allows crime an ...

                                               

Crime prevention

Crime prevention is the attempt to reduce and deter crime and criminals. It is applied specifically to the governments efforts to reduce crime, enforce the law and maintain criminal justice.

                                               

Crime prevention through environmental design

Crime prevention through environmental design is a program to control the built environment to create safer areas. It originated in America around the 1960s when it was the Strategy of urban renewal is considered to be destroying the social basis ...

                                               

Crime science

Crime science is the study of crime in order to find ways to prevent it. Three features distinguish crime science from criminology: it is purposeful on the reduction of crime, rather than studying it for its own sake, so it focuses on crime rathe ...

                                               

Criminal psychology

Criminal psychology, also known as criminological psychology is the study of opinions, thoughts, intentions, actions, and so the reaction of the criminals and all thats involved in criminal behavior. It relates to the field of criminal anthropolo ...

                                               

Criminal spin

A criminal spin is a phenomenological model in criminology, depicting the development of criminal behavior. The model refers to those behaviors that start out as something small and simple, without evil or criminal intent and, in the same situati ...

                                               

Criminalization

Criminalization and criminal liability, in criminology, is "the process by which behaviors and individuals are transformed into Crime and criminals". Previously legal acts may be transformed into crimes legislation or judicial decisions. However, ...

                                               

Criminaloid

In criminaloid is a person who projects a respectable, upright facade, in an attempt to conceal a criminal personality. This type, first defined by Cesare Lombroso in the later editions of his 1876 work "the criminal man". Unlike common criminals ...

                                               

Critical criminology

Critical criminology is a theoretical perspective in criminology which focuses on challenging traditional ways of understanding and identify misconceptions about crime and criminal justice, often but not exclusively, from the point of view of the ...

                                               

CSI effect

The claim effect, also known as the CSI syndrome and the CSI infection, is any of several ways in which the exaggerated depiction of forensic science on crime television shows such as CSI: crime scene investigation influences public perception. T ...

                                               

Cui bono

Cui Bono?, in English, "who benefits?", its a Latin phrase on the identification of suspects in crimes. He expressed the view that crimes often committed in the interests of their perpetrators, particularly financial. Which party benefits may not ...

                                               

Cultural criminology

Cultural criminology is a theoretical, methodological and interventionist approach to the study of crime that seeks to understand crime in the context of its culture. It considers how crime and governance as a cultural product. Cultural criminolo ...

                                               

Dark figure of crime

Dark figure of crime is a term coined by the criminologists and sociologists to describe the amount of unreported or unsolved crimes.

                                               

Defensible space theory

The defensible space theory of architect and city planner Oscar Newman encompasses ideas about crime prevention and safety in the area. Newman argues that architectural and environmental design plays a crucial role in the rise or decline of crime ...

                                               

Deterrence (psychology)

Deterrence against crime is the idea or theory that the threat of punishment will deter people from committing crimes and reduce the likelihood and / or level of crime in society. This is one of the five objectives that a punishment thought to ac ...

                                               

Deterrence (psychology)

                                               

Deviance (sociology)

In sociology, deviance describes an action or behavior that violates social norms, including formally adopted the rules as well as informal violations of social norms. Deviance is a behavioral disposition that does not correspond to institutional ...

                                               

Differential association

In criminology, differential Association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland proposing that through interaction with other people, learning, values, attitudes, techniques and motives for criminal behavior. The theory of differential Associa ...

                                               

Disorganized offender

In criminology, a disorganized offender, also sometimes called a maniac, classification of serial killers. The distinction between "organized" and "unorganized" offenders, was drawn by the American criminologist Roy Hazelwood. In the disorganized ...

                                               

Edwin H. Sutherland Award

Award Edwin H. Sutherland is an annual award that was given to the American society of criminology, 1960. Named for the influential American criminologist Edwin H. Sutherland award is given to scientists who have made an outstanding contribution ...

                                               

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences 2nd Edition

Encyclopedia of forensic medicine, second edition is a reference source which covers articles and chapters on almost every aspect of forensic examination and investigation of the criminal case, published by academic press, publisher Elsevier in F ...

                                               

Environmental criminology

Environmental criminology focuses on criminal patterns within particular environments and why an analysis of the impact of these external variables on peoples cognitive behavior. He is part of the school criminologys positivist in that it applies ...

                                               

Environmental Criminology Research

Environmental Criminology Research Inc. crime analysis software company based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The company develops tools for the police, army and security. ECRI pioneered the use of geographic profiling for serial crime an ...

                                               

Evil Genes

Evil genes is a book by Barbara Oakley, a systems engineer, about the neurological and social factors contributing to chronic antisocial behavior. The text was published on 31 October 2007, Prometheus books. The book received both positive and cr ...

                                               

Factors contributing to racial bias in threat perception

Classification of individuals as a tool for the evaluation of them reduces a person being associated with the stereotypical representation of that group. Once the stereotypical associations it generates for those evaluating the threat level of ce ...

                                               

False accusation of rape

False accusation of rape is the reporting of rape where no rape. Allegations of rape to the police or on campus will be proven false in about 2% to 10% of the time. Due to the different definitions of the term "false charge", the true percentage, ...

                                               

Feminist pathways perspective

Perspectives of feminist ways is the feminist perspective of criminology, which involves the lifetime of victimization is a key risk factor for the entry of women in the intruder.

                                               

Feminist school of criminology

Feminist school of criminology the school of criminology developed in the late 1960s and in the 1970s, as a reaction to the General neglect and discrimination of women in the traditional study of crime. Feminist criminologists point out that in t ...

                                               

Focused deterrence

Focused deterrence strategy to combat crime, which aims to deter crime by increasing the swiftness, severity and certainty of punishment for crimes, through the implementation of mixed law enforcement agencies, social services and community mobil ...

                                               

Forensic science

Forensic science also known as forensics, is the application of science to criminal and civil law, mostly about the criminal side of the investigation of the criminal case, as governed by the legal rules of admissible evidence and Criminal proced ...

                                               

General strain theory

The General theory of deformations theory of criminology developed by Robert Agnew. The General theory of deformations has gained a considerable amount of research attention since being developed in 1992. Robert Agnews General strain theory is co ...

                                               

Genetics of aggression

Psychology had a great influence on the study of genetics. Decades of research have shown that genetic and environmental factors play a role in different types of behavior of humans and animals. The genetic basis of aggression, however, remains p ...

                                               

Geographic profiling

Geographic profiling is a methodology of criminal investigation, which analyzes the locations of a connected series of crimes to determine the most probable area of residence of the offender. By incorporating both qualitative and quantitative met ...

                                               

Glove prints

Glove prints, also sometimes called gloveprints or glove marks, are latent, fingerprint-like impressions that are transferred to a surface or Object, the Person who is wearing gloves. Many criminals often wear gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints ...

                                               

Green criminology

Green criminology is a branch of forensic science that involves the study of harms and crimes against the environment in a broad sense, including the study of environmental law and policy, the study of corporate crimes against the environment, an ...

                                               

History of anthropometry

The history of anthropometry includes use as a tool of anthropology, use for identification, use for the purposes of understanding physical change of the person in paleoanthropology and in various attempts to correlate physical with racial and ps ...

                                               

Illegitimate opportunity

Illegitimate opportunity theory is that people commit crimes when the chances of being caught are low, but of available illegal opportunities. The theory was first formalized in Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin in 1960. It is closely connected wit ...

                                               

Incarceration prevention in the United States

Prevention of deprivation of liberty and refers to the variety of methods aimed at reducing prison population and costs, the strengthening of social structures. Because of the specificity of prisoners in the US today is caused by problems leads t ...

                                               

Initiatives to prevent sexual violence

As sexual violence affects all segments of society, the answers that arise to combat it are comprehensive, occurs at the individual, administrative, legal and social levels. These responses can be classified as:

                                               

Inquest

Inquiry is a judicial inquiry in common law jurisdictions, particularly one held to determine the cause of death. Conducted by judge, jury, or officials, the inquiry may or may not require an autopsy carried out it is judicial-the medical expert ...

                                               

Insanity defense

Insanity, also known as a mental disorder defense, the affirmative defense of acquittal in the criminal case, arguing that the defendant is not responsible for their actions due to the episodic or persistent mental illness at the time of committi ...

                                               

Integrative criminology

Integrative criminology reacts against single theory or methodology approaches, and adopts an interdisciplinary paradigm for the study of criminology and Penology. Integration is not new. He informed the pioneering work of Merton and Sutherland C ...

                                               

International Crime Victims Survey

An international survey of victims of crime is a large-scale international research project on crime and victimization. The project was created to fill the gap in adequate recording of violation by the police for purposes of comparison, the level ...

                                               

Investigative psychology

In applied psychology, investigative psychology attempts to describe the actions of offenders and to develop an understanding of the crime. This understanding can help solve crimes and contribute to the procedures of prosecution and defense. It b ...

                                               

Italian school of criminology

Italian school of criminology was founded in the late 19th century Cesare Lombroso and two of his Italian disciples, Enrico Ferri and Raffaele Garofalo.

                                               

Judicial dissolution

Judicial dissolution, sometimes referred to as the "corporate death penalty" is a legal procedure in which a Corporation is forced to dissolve or cease to exist. "Corporate death penalty” is the cancellation of the Charter of the Corporation for ...

                                               

Juvenile delinquency in the United States

This page is primarily concerned with juvenile delinquency in the United States. For information on juvenile delinquency in General, see juvenile delinquency. In addition, although the term juvenile delinquency often refers to minors as both vict ...

                                               

Berl Kutchinsky

Berl Kutchinsky was a Danish Professor of criminology at the University of Copenhagen. He gained worldwide fame for his research in the area of impact on the populations health pornography. It was founded in Denmark, which in 1969 became the firs ...

                                               

Labeling theory

The theory postulates that the labeling of self and the behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by terms used to describe or classify them. It is connected with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotypes. Labeling th ...

                                               

Lead–crime hypothesis

Lead–crime hypothesis is a proposed connection between elevated levels of blood lead in children and the increasing rates of crime, delinquency and relapse later in life. Lead is widely understood to be highly toxic to many organs of the body, pa ...

                                               

Left realism

Left realism emerged in criminology from critical criminology as a reaction against what was perceived leftist failure to take a practical interest in everyday crime, which allows the realism to monopolize the political agenda on law and order. L ...

                                               

Legal and Criminological Psychology

Legal and criminological psychology is a quarterly scientific journal published by the British psychological society. The journal was established in 1996. In 2018, it had an impact factor of ISI 1.764, ranking it 23rd out of 65 in criminology and ...

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