Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 353

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 353

                                               

Tree of knowledge system

Tree of knowledge system theoretical approach to the unification of General of psychology developed by Gregg Henriques, associate Professor and Director of the joint integrated doctoral program in clinical and school psychology at James Madison U ...

                                               

Trusted system

In engineering technology security specialization computer science, a trusted system is a system that relies to a certain extent to enforce a specified security policy. This is equivalent to saying that a reliable system whose failure can break s ...

                                               

Alcohol-related crime

Associated with alcohol crime refers to criminal activities associated with alcohol consumption, as well as violations of the sale or use of alcohol, in other words, the activities violating the laws of alcohol. Alcohol and drunk driving are the ...

                                               

Civil offence

Tort is a term used in military law. In the army act 1955 and air force act 1955, the expression "civil offence" means any act or omission punishable under the law of England, or, if committed in England, would be punishable by law. As to this de ...

                                               

Copycat crime

The copycat effect is the alleged tendency of sensational publicity about violent murders or suicides to result in more of the same through imitation. This term was first coined around 1916, because of the crimes that were inspired by Jack the Ri ...

                                               

Crime of opportunity

A crime is a crime which is committed without planning when the perpetrator sees that they have a chance to do something at that moment and seizes it. Such actions have little or no premeditation.

                                               

Deception (criminal law)

"Deception" is a legal term used in the definition of crimes in England and Wales and Northern Ireland. This is a legal term of art in the Republic of Ireland. Until 2007, in England and Wales, the main deception offences were defined in the thef ...

                                               

Drug-related crime

For drug-related offences is a crime to possess, produce or distribute drugs classified as having a potential for abuse. Drugs are also related to crime as drug trafficking and drug production are often controlled by drug cartels, organized crime ...

                                               

Municipal offense

In Wisconsin, municipal offense or infraction, or Ordinance a civil offense or criminal offense or municipal offense or offenses is a violation of the public peace. Municipal offense is not a crime. As of 1989, the Montana code provided that: 7-1 ...

                                               

Political crime

In criminology, a political crime or political offence is an offence involving overt acts or omissions prejudicial to the interests of the state, its government or the political system. It should be distinguished from state crime, in which he arg ...

                                               

Public-order crime

In criminology public order crime is defined by Siegel as "crime which involves acts that interfere with the activities of the company and the ability of people to function efficiently", i.e. it is behaviour that has already been declared crimina ...

                                               

Street crime

Street crime is a loose term for any criminal offense in a public place. The difference between street crime and the crime of "white collar" is that street crime is often the violence that occurs in a public place, and white-collar crime is a non ...

                                               

Transnational crime

Transnational crimes are crimes that have actual or potential effect across national borders and crimes which are intra-state but to offend fundamental values of the international community. The term is commonly used in law enforcement and scient ...

                                               

Transnational organized crime

Transnational organized crime organized crime coordinated across national borders, involving groups or certain persons working in more than one country for the planning and implementation of illegal business activities. In order to achieve their ...

                                               

Virtual crime

Virtual crime or in-game crime refers to a virtual criminal act that takes place in a massively multiplayer online game, usually in MMORPGs. Huge time and effort invested into such games can lead online "crime" will translate into real world crim ...

                                               

List of air rage incidents

This is a list of air rage incidents in commercial air travel that have been covered in the media. Air rage occurs when air travelers or airline personnel act violently, abusively or disruptively towards others in the course of their travel. When ...

                                               

List of methods of capital punishment

                                               

List of confidence tricks

The techniques of trust and fraud are difficult to classify, because they change often and often contain elements of more than one type. For this list, the perpetrator of the fraud called "fraud" or simply "artist", and the intended victim is the ...

                                               

List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons

This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of criminals. Japan has a zero tolerance policy for anyone with beliefs of drugs. Australia - excludes any person who was sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 12 months or more. UK - per ...

                                               

List of crime writers

This is a list of crime writers with a Wikipedia page. They may include the authors of any subgenre of Crime fiction, including detective, mystery or hard-boiled. Please note that some of them may overlap with the list of Thriller authors. If you ...

                                               

List of criminal competencies

List of criminal competencies is a listing of the various types of competencies relevant to the defendant in criminal law in the United States. In the U.S. the law is permeated with competency issues since a state may not affect the person who is ...

                                               

List of child abuse cases featuring long-term detention

Alba Nidia Alvarez, Colombia, 25 years old, discovered in March 2009. The case of Turpin, Perris, CA, USA, 29 years old, discovered on 14 January 2018. Laura Mongelli, Italy, 25 years. Lydia Gouardo, France, 28 years. "M" and her children, Austra ...

                                               

List of exonerated death row inmates

This list contains the names of people who were convicted of crimes and placed on death row and was later found to be wrongly convicted. Some people were exonerated posthumously. This list includes people who were sentenced to death and the convi ...

                                               

Lists of crime films

This is chronological list of crime films split by decade. Can often be considerable overlap particularly between crime and other genres in the list should attempt to document films which are more closely associated with crime, even if it bends g ...

                                               

List of major perpetrators of the Holocaust

                                               

Homicide in world cities

This page provides a-Z in the tables, the number of homicides in several municipal districts and individual municipalities with a predominantly urbanized population. It does not account for the capricious political divisions widely used in the me ...

                                               

List of countries by intentional homicide rate

List of countries by UNODC in the number of murders per year per 100.000 inhabitants is usually expressed in units of deaths per 100.000 people per year, so the death rate 30 per 100.000 population would mean 30 deaths per year that entire popula ...

                                               

List of countries by intentional death rate

The following list of intentional mortality for the country was obtained by adding the rates of suicide the world health organization the suicide rate from UNODC the United Nations office on drugs and crime research, in both cases as they appear ...

                                               

List of people indicted in the International Criminal Court

The list of people who have been indicted in the International criminal court includes all individuals who have been indicted on any counts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, aggression or contempt of court at the International cri ...

                                               

List of people indicted in the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

List of people indicted in the International criminal Tribunal for Rwanda includes all individuals who have been indicted on any counts of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, or contempt of the Tribunal to the Prosecutor of the Interna ...

                                               

List of people indicted in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

All 161 persons indicted by the International criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. After the arrest of Goran hadžić on 20 July 2011, there are no indictees remaining at large. In this article are listed along with their ethnic origin, ran ...

                                               

List of killings by law enforcement officers by country

                                               

Life imprisonment

Life imprisonment or a sentence of imprisonment for the offence under which convicted persons should remain in prison for the rest of his natural life, or PAROLE or otherwise replaced for a certain period. Crimes that in some countries, a person ...

                                               

List of serial rapists by number of victims

A serial rapist is someone who commits multiple rapes, whether with multiple victims or one victim repeatedly over a period of time. Some serial rapists of children. In terms of sexual maniac, repeat rape and multiple insults can also be used to ...

                                               

List of most-wanted Nazi war criminals

Since 2002, Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Center released its annual report on the state of the world investigation and prosecution of Nazi war criminals which, since at least 2005, included in the list of "most wanted" criminals who were ...

                                               

List of murder convictions without a body

The murder charge without a body is an instance of a man who was convicted of murder, despite the absence of the victims bodies. Circumstantial and physical evidence occupy a prominent place in such beliefs. Hundreds of such convictions has occur ...

                                               

List of murdered musicians

Many musicians were killed during their active career. Some of them received wide attention of the media, including the murder of John Lennon in 1980 and the murder of rappers Tupac Shakur and the notorious B. I. G., which took place less than on ...

                                               

Lists of murders

The death toll of American children. The death toll of Indian politicians. List of New Zealand police officers killed in the line of duty. A list of Malaysian police officers killed in the line of duty. List of Singapore police officers killed in ...

                                               

Incidents of necrophilia

Necrophilia is a pathological fascination with dead bodies, which often takes the form of desire to engage with them in sexual activities such as intercourse. Although prohibited by law in many countries, there have been many reported cases of ne ...

                                               

List of pirate films

This is the list of pirate films and series, primarily in the pirate film genre, about the Golden age of piracy from the 17th to the 18th century. The list includes films about other periods of piracy, TV series, and movies some an indirect relat ...

                                               

List of cases of police brutality

This list collects the incidents alleged or proved to be due to ill-treatment by the police, which attracted significant media attention or historical. Many cases of alleged brutality, in some cases, more than allegations, with official reports c ...

                                               

List of rampage killers (home intruders in the United States)

In this section list Rampage killers contains those cases that occurred in the United States. In this section list Rampage killers contains those cases that either occurred mostly within a single family, or where most of the victims were members ...

                                               

List of rampage killers (home intruders)

In this section list Rampage killers contains those cases that either occurred mostly within a single family, or where most of the victims were members of one family, not related to the offender. Cases where the primary motive for the murder to f ...

                                               

List of films about the Rwandan genocide

This is a filmography of films and artistry on the chart, theatrical and conventional, documental image of the Rwandan genocide in 1994. In 2005 Alison des forges wrote that eleven years after the genocide films for popular audiences on the subje ...

                                               

List of satanic ritual abuse allegations

During the 1980-ies and 1990-ies the moral panic happened about alleged satanic ritual abuse, especially in the English-speaking world. It was propagated by some therapists, social workers, Christian fundamentalists and law enforcement. Some case ...

                                               

List of attacks related to post-secondary schools

This is a list of attacks related to postsecondary schools such as universities or colleges. These attacks, which occurred on school property or related primarily to school issues or events. A narrow definition of the word attacks is used for thi ...

                                               

List of attacks related to primary schools

These attacks, which occurred on school property or related primarily to school issues or events. A narrow definition of attack used for this list to rule out strikes during the war, robbery, gang violence, political or police attacks, accidents, ...

                                               

List of attacks related to secondary schools

This is a list of attacks related to secondary schools that have occurred around the world. These attacks, which occurred on school property or related primarily to school issues or events. A narrow definition of the word attacks is used for this ...

                                               

List of school-related attacks

This is a list of terrorist attacks that occurred on school property or related primarily to school issues or events. A narrow definition of the word attacks is used for this list, in order to avoid war, social attacks, accidents and suicides and ...

                                               

List of unsuccessful attacks related to schools

                                               

List of sexual abuses perpetrated by groups

The scandal of sexual abuse in the Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn. Ashfield gang rapes. (Эшфилд групповые изнасилования) The Pitcairn sexual abuse court 2004. Sydney gang rape. (Сидней групповое изнасилование) The case of the mount Rennie r ...

                                               

List of professional sportspeople convicted of crimes

This list includes sports-people who have been convicted of serious crimes. It includes both professionals and Amateurs who have competed at the highest level.

                                               

List of suspected perpetrators of crimes identified with GEDmatch

In December 2018, the police in the US said that using DNA analysis, and GEDmatch genetic genealogy, they were able to identify the suspects a total of 28 cold murder and rape in 2018. Also in December 2018, family tree DNA has enabled law enforc ...

                                               

Tanzania Media Service Act, 2016

The government of the United Republic of Tanzania adopted four acts related to the control for the freedom and regulation of media activities in the country. It is the law on cyber crime, 2015, the statistics act, 2013, the media services act, 20 ...

                                               

List of formerly unidentified decedents

In many cases, unknown to the testator in the world there are several cases when the individual is ultimately determined. Most of the bodies have been provisionally identified within a few hours, with the formal identification after a few days, w ...

                                               

List of war crimes

This article lists and summarizes war crimes committed since the Hague conventions of 1899 and 1907 and the first crimes against humanity and crimes against peace and security of mankind that have been committed since these crimes were defined in ...

                                               

Abusive language (law)

The use of offensive language to another person is illegal in a small number of States. Criminals typically charged with a crime together with other crimes, such as aggressive driving or assault. In 1989, the new York court of Appeals held that a ...

                                               

Affray

In many jurisdictions related to English common law, affray is a violation of public order, consisting of suppression of one or more persons in a public place to the terror of ordinary people. Depending on their actions, and the laws of the preva ...

                                               

Assault

Assault is the act of causing physical harm or unwanted physical contact on the person or in some specific legal definitions, threats or attempts to commit such acts. It as a crime and a tort and, therefore, may lead to either criminal and / or c ...

                                               

Assault occasioning actual bodily harm

Attack occasioning actual bodily harm the offence of aggravated in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, Australian capital territory, New South Wales, Hong Kong and Solomon Islands. It was abolished in Ireland and in South Australia, but replaced ...

                                               

Assault with intent to resist arrest

Assault with intent to resist arrest, the crime with aggravating circumstances in England and Wales and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

                                               

Attempted murder

Article 239 of the Criminal code, attempted murder is punishable by a maximum of life imprisonment. If you use a gun, the minimum sentence is four, five or seven years, dependent on prior beliefs and the relationship to organized crime.

                                               

Barratry (common law)

Barratry is a legal term with several meanings. In common law, barratry is the offense committed by people who are "too officious in instigating or encouraging prosecution of groundless litigation" or who bring "repeated or persistent acts of lit ...

                                               

Battery (crime)

Battery is a criminal offense involving unlawful physical contact, unlike assault, which is a creation of the apprehension of such a contact. The battery is a specific common law misdemeanor, although the term is used more generally to refer to a ...

                                               

Blackmail

Blackmail is an act of coercion, using the threat of disclosure or publication of information or substantially true or false information about a person or people if certain demands are not met. This is often damaging information, and can be opene ...

                                               

Blasphemous libel

Blasphemous libel was originally an offence at common law of England. Today, it is an offence at common law of Northern Ireland, but was abolished in England and Wales, and abolished in Canada, and New Zealand. It consists of the publication of m ...

                                               

Blockbusting

The stunning business process American estate agents and developers, to convince white property owners to sell your house at competitive prices, which they do by promoting fear in those homeowners that racial minorities will soon be moving to the ...

                                               

Body snatching

Snatching the body of a secret export of corpses from places of burial. The overall goal of snatching of the body, especially in the 19th century to sell the corpses for dissection or anatomy lectures in medical schools. Those who practiced body ...

                                               

Bomb threat

In a bomb threat or bomb scare is a threat, as a rule, in written or oral form, to put in action an explosive or incendiary device to cause property damage, death, injury, and / or fear, whether or not such a device actually exists.

                                               

Breach of the peace

Breach of the peace, or public disturbance is a legal term used in constitutional law in English-speaking countries, and in a broader sense of public order in the several jurisdictions of the United Kingdom. It is a form of hooliganism.

                                               

Brooklyn Thrill Killers

The Brooklyn thrill killers were a gang of Jewish teenagers who, in the summer of 1954, killed two men, and tortured a few people in the Brooklyn area of new York. Sensations of Brooklyn killers: Robert Trachtenberg. (Роберт Трахтенберг) Jerome L ...

                                               

Burglary

Burglary, also called breaking and entering and sometimes housebreaking, unlawful entry into a building or other place for the crime. This is usually a crime, it is theft, but most jurisdictions treat others in the hacking. To participate in the ...

                                               

Calunnia

Calunnia, which means "lie") is a criminal offence under article 368 of the Italian Penal code, which reads: Anyone with denunciation, complaint, demand or request, even anonymously or under a false name, direct judicial authority or another auth ...

                                               

Canned hunt

Canned hunting is trophy hunting that is not "fair chase", it was made too easy for the hunter. In some instances, animals are kept in a confined space such as a fenced area, increasing the likelihood of the hunter obtaining a kill. The term was ...

                                               

Capital murder

The death penalty was the offense of aggravated murder in great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which was later adopted as the legal standard for the definition of certain forms of aggravated murder in the United States. ...

                                               

Causing death by dangerous driving

Causing death by dangerous driving is a statutory offence in England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Aggravated form of dangerous driving. Presently a section 1 road traffic Act 1988.

                                               

Cheating (law)

By law, the fraud a specific criminal offence in relation to the property. Historically, to cheat was to commit a misdemeanour at common law. However, in most jurisdictions, the crime was codified in the Charter. In most cases codified by law in ...

                                               

Aligarh murder case

The murder of an Aligarh participating in the death of two girls in Aligarh district of Uttar Pradesh, India. She disappeared may 30, 2019, and her body was found three days later in a landfill. Police said that the girl was abducted and murdered ...

                                               

Child abduction

Child abduction or child theft is the unauthorized removal of a minor from the custody of the child by parents or legally appointed guardians. The term child abduction includes two legal and social categories which differ in their performance con ...

                                               

Child abuse

Child abuse or ill-treatment of children, physical, sexual and / or psychological abuse or neglect, especially by a parent or caregiver. Abuse of children may include any act or omission of the parent or caregiver that result in actual or potenti ...

                                               

Child pornography

Child pornography is pornography, which uses a child for sexual stimulation. It can be produced with the direct involvement or sexual violence against a child or it may be simulated child pornography. Ill-treatment of a child occurs during the se ...

                                               

Classicide

Classicide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of a social class through persecution and violence. The term "classicide" was named the sociologist Michael Mann as a term that is similar but different from the term " ...

                                               

Common assault

Simple assault is an offence at common law of England, and is now considered to be a statutory offence in England and Wales. It is committed by a person who causes another person to apprehend the immediate use of unlawful violence by the defendan ...

                                               

Communist crimes (Polish legal concept)

Communist crimes is the legal definition used in Polish criminal law. The concept of a Communist crime is also used in the broader international level, and is used by human rights NGOs as well as government agencies such as the Unitas Foundation, ...

                                               

Compounding a felony

Compounding a crime is a crime at common law of England and was classified as a misdemeanour. It consisted of a Prosecutor or victim of a crime, to take all values under the contract not to initiate criminal proceedings or to impede a prosecution ...

                                               

Concealing birth

Concealing a birth is the act of one of the parents announced the birth of a child. The term is sometimes used to refer to hiding the birth of a child from friends or family, but most often applies when the relevant authorities had not been infor ...

                                               

Coney-catching

Coney-catching-Elizabethan slang for theft by deception. It comes from the word "Coney" is a rabbit raised for the table and thus tame. A Coney-catcher was a thief or a swindler. It was the practice in medieval and Renaissance England, in which t ...

                                               

Conspiracy (criminal)

In criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime at some time in the future. Criminal law in some countries for some conspiracies may require that at least one overt act be carried out in the framework o ...

                                               

Conspiracy to murder

A person guilty of conspiracy to murder is punishable by imprisonment for life for any shorter period. With regard to the maximum penalty in the case when the contract was concluded to part I of the criminal Law act 1977 came into force, see arti ...

                                               

Continuing trespass

A continuing trespass is: A wrongful act involving a course of action that is a direct invasion of the rights of another. Trespass in taking goods, although without intent to appropriate them, then the appropriation initially, the crime is consid ...

                                               

Convenience store crime

For a number of reasons, convenience stores are often popular targets for various crimes, especially theft and robbery. In some cities, convenience store crime has become such a problem that special task forces have been created and some of the s ...

                                               

Corrupt practices

Corruption in English election law includes bribery, treating, undue influence, impersonating another person and aiding, abetting, counselling and training implementation.

                                               

Crimen injuria

Shop development is a crime in South African common law, defined in the act of "unlawfully, intentionally and seriously impairs the dignity of another". Although it is difficult to precisely define, the crime used in the prosecution of certain in ...

                                               

Criminal conversion

Criminal conversion is a crime, limited to common law systems of England and Wales, the provision of unauthorized use or control the property of others, as a minimum personal property, but in some jurisdictions also apply the types of property, s ...

                                               

Criminal damage in English law

Harm in English law was originally a common law offence. Crime was largely concerned with the protection of dwellings and food, and few sanctions for damage to personal property. The liability is initially limited to damages in compensation. As t ...

                                               

Criminal possession of a weapon

Illegal weapons possession is the illegal possession of weapons, physical person. In many societies, past and present, there were restrictions on what forms of private arms of citizens and to a lesser extent, police are permitted to purchase, pos ...

                                               

Cruelty to animals

Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal abuse is the infliction, by omission or Commission human suffering or damage to any non-human. More narrowly it can be harm or suffering, specific accomplishments, like the ki ...

                                               

Cuckooing

Cuckooing is a form of crime in which the traffickers will take the house vulnerable people in order to use it as a base for drug trafficking. In the 2010s, cuckooing is becoming more and more common problem in the South of England. Crime for the ...

                                               

Culpable and reckless conduct

While there is no statutory definition of that crime can be inferred from the draft Scottish code are based on current legislation and proposed the following law of crimes of recklessness:- Recklessness For the purposes of criminal liability ⎯ a ...

                                               

Dangerous driving

In United Kingdom law, dangerous driving is a crime. It is also a term used in defining the crimes of Causing death by dangerous driving. It replaces the former offence of "dangerous driving". The criminal code is Canadas equivalent to the regula ...

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