Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 338

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 338

                                               

Chumak

Chumak is a historic and traditional wagon-based trading occupation on the territory of modern Ukraine in late Medieval and early Modern periods of history. It consisted in the delivery of goods for the purpose of long-distance sales using carts ...

                                               

Civilekonom

Civilekonom, literally "civil economist", is a professional title in Sweden which traditionally refers to an individual who holds either a Bachelors degree or a Masters degree in business administration and economics. Unlike the English language ...

                                               

Civiløkonom

Civilokonom, literally "civil economist", is a professional title in Denmark used for an individual who holds a certain degree in business administration and economics after three years of studies: Erhvervsvidenskabelig Afgangseksamen candidatus ...

                                               

Community association manager

A community association manager is a manager of a condominium or homeowners association. The position is frequently confused with a property manager, who deals with individual rental units or a group of rental units, like an apartment complex. Th ...

                                               

Comprador

A comprador or compradore is a "person who acts as an agent for foreign organizations engaged in investment, trade, or economic or political exploitation". A comprador is a native manager for a European business house in East and South East Asia, ...

                                               

Consultant

A consultant is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as business, education, law, regulatory compliance, human resources, marketing, finance, health care, engineering, science, security, or any of many other special ...

                                               

Corporate development

Corporate development refers to the planning and execution of strategies to meet organizational objectives. The kinds of activities falling under corporate development may include management team recruitment, phasing in or out of markets or produ ...

                                               

Corporate director

                                               

Corporate promoter

A corporate promoter is a firm or person who does the preliminary work incidental to the formation of a company, including its promotion, incorporation, and flotation, and solicits people to invest money in the company, usually when it is being f ...

                                               

Creative director

A creative director is a position often found within the graphic design, film, music, video game, fashion, advertising, media, or entertainment industries, but may be useful in other creative organizations such as web development and software dev ...

                                               

Customer service representative

Customer service representatives, customer service advisors, or customer service associates interact with customers to handle complaints, process orders, and provide information about an organization’s products and services. Qualifications includ ...

                                               

Decision analyst

For the company, see Decision Analyst company Decision analysts are people who use formal methods, particularly Expected Utility Theory, to assist others in decision making.

                                               

Demographic marketer

Demographic marketers use demographics in marketing research, and the assessment of the changing trends of consumer behavior. Demographics can be called a science and demographic marketers can be called scientists. A demographic is used to descri ...

                                               

Digital strategy manager

A Digital Strategy Manager is an executive position. This position is based on a unique set of technological knowledge which directs all departments for digital industry growth. A digital strategy manager collaborates with all marketing, business ...

                                               

Director (business)

A director is a person from a group of managers who leads or supervises a particular area of a company. Companies that use this term often have many directors spread throughout different business functions or roles. The director usually reports d ...

                                               

Director of communications

Director of communications is a position in both the private and public sectors. A director of communications is responsible for managing and directing an organizations internal and external communications. Directors of communications supervise p ...

                                               

Economic consulting

Economic consulting is the practice of providing organizations in the public and private sector with information to improve their performance and policies, primarily through the use of applied economics, mathematical economics, economic impact an ...

                                               

Enrolled agent

Enrolled agent is a tax advisor who is a federally authorized tax practitioner empowered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Enrolled agents represent taxpayers before the Internal Revenue Service for tax issues including audits, collections ...

                                               

Entrepreneur in residence

An Entrepreneur in residence, or Executive in residence, is a position most often held by successful entrepreneurs in venture capital firms, private equity firms, startup accelerators, law firms or business schools. The EIR typically leads, or ha ...

                                               

Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship is the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which is often initially a small business. The people who create these businesses are called entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship has been described as the "capacity a ...

                                               

Executive officer

An executive officer is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization. In many militaries, an executive officer, or XO ", is the second-in-command, reporting ...

                                               

Faculty consulting

Consulting by faculty members is the use of scholarly expertise for the benefit of organizations outside the scholarly community through friendship, volunteering or in return for some sort of compensation. Universities have widely varying policie ...

                                               

Female entrepreneurs

Female entrepreneurs are women who organize and manage an enterprise, especially a business. Female entrepreneurship has steadily increased in the United States during the 20th and 21st century, jumping from ownership of 26% of American businesse ...

                                               

Founder CEO

A founder CEO is an individual who establishes a company and holds its chief executive officer position. If the firms CEO is not a founder or the founder CEO is succeeded, the firm is said to be led by a non-founder CEO or successor CEO. Research ...

                                               

Independent director

An independent director is a director of a board of directors who does not have a material or pecuniary relationship with company or related persons, except sitting fees. In the US, independent outsiders make up 66% of all boards and 72% of S&amp ...

                                               

Inside director

An inside director is a member of the board of directors of a corporation who is also a member of the corporations management, almost always a corporate officer. For example, a chief executive officer who is also chairman of the board would be co ...

                                               

Joint venture broker

Joint venture brokers are people who connect business joint venture partners together for profit making projects. The joint venture brokers will earn a pre-negotiated percentage of the profits earned from the joint venture that they helped put to ...

                                               

Business magnate

A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of a multiple line of businesses. Successful entrepreneurs are examples of business magnates who wield great influence, importance, or standing ...

                                               

Maintenance management professional

The maintenance management professional designation is a registered professional designation in Canada issued on the authority of the President of PEMAC Asset Management Association of Canada to individuals who successfully complete a series of e ...

                                               

Managed services

Managed services is the practice of outsourcing the responsibility for maintaining, and anticipating need for, a range of processes and functions in order to improve operations and cut expenses. It is an alternative to the break/fix or on-demand ...

                                               

Business manager

The Oxford English Dictionary defines a business manager as "a person who manages the business affairs of an individual, institution, organization, or company". Compare manager. Business managers drive the work of others if any in order to operat ...

                                               

Managing director

                                               

Meeting and convention planner

A meeting and convention planner supervises and coordinates the strategic, operational and logistical activities necessary for the production of events. The planner can be employed or hired ad hoc by corporations, associations, governments, and o ...

                                               

Merchant

A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people. Historically, a merchant is anyone who is involved in business or trade. Merchants have operated for as long as industry, commerce, and trade have existed. In 16th-century ...

                                               

Music executive

A music executive or record executive is a person within a record label who works in senior management, making executive decisions over the labels artists. Their role varies greatly but in essence, they can oversee one, or many, aspects of a reco ...

                                               

Non-executive director

A non-executive director, independent director or external director is a member of the board of directors of a company or organisation, but not a member of the executive management team. They are not employees of the company or affiliated with it ...

                                               

Nursing management

Nursing management consists of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision-making within organizations employing nurses. It includes processes common to all management like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and ...

                                               

Odds compiler

An odds compiler is a person employed by a bookmaker or betting exchange who sets the odds for events for customers to place bets on. Apart from pricing markets, they also engage in any activity regarding the trading aspects of gambling, such as ...

                                               

Organizational founder

An organizational founder is a person who has undertaken some or all of the work needed to create a new organization, whether this is a business, a charitable organization, a governing body, a school, a group of entertainers, or some other kind o ...

                                               

President (corporate title)

The president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between the president and the chief executive officer varies, depending on the structure of the specific organization ...

                                               

Press secretary

A press secretary or press officer is a senior advisor who provides advice on how to deal with the news media and, using news management techniques, helps his or her employer to maintain a positive public image and avoid negative media coverage.

                                               

Privatier

Privatier is a French word that was used from the 19th century in Germany and some other countries as a title by members of bourgeois families of substantial financial means in lieu of another professional title. Much like rentier, it denoted som ...

                                               

Project controller

The project controller is a key member of the project team and works directly with the project manager to help define the projects goals and objectives; create and maintain a projects budget and schedule, analyse progress reported against the wor ...

                                               

Purchasing manager

A Purchasing Manager is an employee within a company, business or other organization who is responsible at some level for buying or approving the acquisition of goods and services needed by the company. Responsible for buying the best quality pro ...

                                               

Real estate entrepreneur

A real estate entrepreneur or a real estate investor to a lesser extent is someone who actively or passively invests in real estate. An active investor may buy a property, make repairs and/or improvements to the property, and sell it later for a ...

                                               

Siviløkonom

Sivilokonom is an academic degree issued within the field of business administration and a professional title in Norway, obtained after 5 years of studies. The title is protected and can only be used by persons having met certain qualifications a ...

                                               

Small business

Small businesses are privately owned corporations, partnerships, or sole proprietorships that have fewer employees and/or less annual revenue than a regular-sized business or corporation. Businesses are defined as "small" in terms of being able t ...

                                               

Spokesperson

In the present media-sensitive world, many organizations are increasingly likely to employ professionals who have received formal training in journalism, communications, public relations and public affairs in this role in order to ensure that pub ...

                                               

Sports agent

A sports agent is a legal representative for professional sports figures such as athletes and coaches. They procure and negotiate employment and endorsement contracts for the athlete or coach whom they represent. Because of the unique characteris ...

                                               

Structurer

In finance, a structurer is a person who designs structured products and determines how the pay rules will distribute cash flows for a deal. Structurers will also typically build computer models to mimic the pay rules in order to see how collater ...

                                               

Switchboard operator

In the early days of telephony, companies used manual telephone switchboards, and switchboard operators connected calls by inserting a pair of phone plugs into the appropriate jacks. They were gradually phased out and replaced by automated system ...

                                               

Systems analyst

A systems analyst is an information technology professional who specializes in analyzing, designing and implementing information systems. Systems analysts assess the suitability of information systems in terms of their intended outcomes and liais ...

                                               

Tax assessment

Tax assessment, or assessment, is the job of determining the value, and sometimes determining the use, of property, usually to calculate a property tax. This is usually done by an office called the assessor or tax assessor. Governments need to co ...

                                               

Corporate title

Corporate titles or business titles are given to company and organization officials to show what duties and responsibilities they have in the organization. Such titles are used by publicly and privately held for-profit corporations. In addition, ...

                                               

Website overseer

A Website overseer oversees the full process of the web design, copy writing, graphics and Search Engine Optimization of an Internet website. Typically a website overseer can be compared to a Construction foreman. The website overseer has wide ex ...

                                               

List of trade organisations

                                               

The Research Board

The Research Board was described in 1984 by The New York Times as "a low-profile New York group composed of chief data processing executives of 50 of the nations largest corporations." A decade later The Times described it as "a high-tech consult ...

                                               

Titans of Investing

Titans of Investing, commonly referred to as Titans, is an elite collegiate program founded and led by lauded investor Britt Harris. The program consists of a semester course, a professional fraternity, and a think tank. It is modeled on Benjamin ...

                                               

Absentee business owner

An absentee business owner is one who does not personally manage the business but owns it or does not live in the community in which the business operates. Studies show that money spent locally circulates back into the community three times as mu ...

                                               

Cross ownership

Cross ownership is a method of reinforcing business relationships by owning stock in the companies with which a given company does business. Heavy cross ownership is referred to as circular ownership. In the US, "cross ownership" also refers to a ...

                                               

Business ownership within England and Wales

There are many ways in which a business may be owned under the legal system of England and Wales. Different types of ownership are suitable for organisations depending on the degree of control the owners wish to have over the business. The choice ...

                                               

Family business

A family business is a commercial organization in which decision-making is influenced by multiple generations of a family, related by blood or marriage or adoption, who has both the ability to influence the vision of the business and the willingn ...

                                               

Foreign ownership

Foreign ownership or control of a business or natural resource in a country by individuals who are not citizens of that country or by companies whose headquarters outside that country. In general, foreign ownership occurs when multinational corpo ...

                                               

Foreign ownership of companies of Canada

Foreign ownership of companies of Canada has long been a controversial political issue in Canada. Concerns regarding foreign ownership generally pertain to ownership of previously Canadian assets by individuals or companies based in countries out ...

                                               

Proposal (business)

A term of business proposal is a written offer from a seller to a prospective buyer. Business proposals are often a key step in the complex sales process - i.e., whenever a buyer considers more than price in a purchase. A proposal puts the buyers ...

                                               

Aggregate project plan

A aggregate project plan is the process of creating development goals and objectives and using these goals and objectives to improve productivity as well as development capabilities. The purpose of this process is generally to ensure that each pr ...

                                               

Anaplan

Anaplan is an American cloud-based planning software company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with operations in over 13 countries, 175 partners, and more than 1.350 customers worldwide. Anaplan sells subscriptions for cloud-based busi ...

                                               

Ansoff Matrix

The Ansoff Matrix is a strategic planning tool that provides a framework to help executives, senior managers, and marketers devise strategies for future growth. It is named after Russian American Igor Ansoff, an applied mathematician and business ...

                                               

Balanced scorecard

Balanced scorecard is a strategy performance management tool – a semi-standard structured report, that can be used by managers to keep track of the execution of activities by the staff within their control and to monitor the consequences arising ...

                                               

Business Model Canvas

Business Model Canvas is a strategic management and lean startup template for developing new or documenting existing business models. It is a visual chart with elements describing a firms or products value proposition, infrastructure, customers, ...

                                               

Business Planning and Control System

Business Planning and Control System is an Enterprise Resource Planning software designed for an OS/400 system. BPCS is a series of software programs that are the largest software supplier for AS/400. BPCS, the acronym for the software, is pronou ...

                                               

Business war games

Business war gaming or business wargaming is an adaptation of the art of simulating moves and counter-moves in a commercial setting. In a complex global and competitive world, formulating a plan without testing it against likely external reaction ...

                                               

Capital budgeting

Capital budgeting, and investment appraisal, is the planning process used to determine whether an organizations long term investments such as new machinery, replacement of machinery, new plants, new products, and research development projects are ...

                                               

CBDC NORTIP

CBDC NORTIP is one of 41 Community Business Development Corporations in Atlantic Canada and a part of a Network of 270 Community Futures Development Corporations across Canada. CBDC NORTIP is located in Northern Newfoundland on its Great Northern ...

                                               

Community business development corporation

The Community Business Development Corporation is a federal and provincially funded not-for-profit organization. CBDCs assist in the creation of small businesses and in the expansion and modernization of existing small businesses by providing fin ...

                                               

Community Futures

The Community Futures Network of Canada is an extensive network of 269 community futures development corporations. The national Community Futures Program is administered by four regional development agencies, the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Age ...

                                               

Customer Demand Planning

Customer Demand Planning is a business-planning process that enables sales teams to develop demand forecasts as input to service-planning processes, production, inventory planning and revenue planning.

                                               

Discovery-driven planning

Discovery-driven planning is a planning technique first introduced in a Harvard Business Review article by Rita Gunther McGrath and Ian C. MacMillan in 1995 and subsequently referenced in a number of books and articles. Its main thesis is that wh ...

                                               

Enterprise planning system

An enterprise planning system covers the methods of planning for the internal and external factors that affect an enterprise. These factors generally fall under PESTLE. PESTLE refers to political, economic, social, technological, legal and enviro ...

                                               

Enterprise resource planning

Enterprise resource planning is the integrated management of main business processes, often in real time and mediated by software and technology. ERP is usually referred to as a category of business management software - typically a suite of inte ...

                                               

Environmental profit and loss account

An environmental profit and loss account is a companys monetary valuation and analysis of its environmental impacts including its business operations and its supply chain from cradle-to-gate. An E P&L internalizes externalities and monetizes ...

                                               

Exit planning

Exit planning is the preparation for the exit of an entrepreneur from his company to maximize the enterprise value of the company in a mergers and acquisitions transaction and thus his shareholder value, although other non-financial objectives ma ...

                                               

Gap analysis

In management literature, gap analysis involves the comparison of actual performance with potential or desired performance. If an organization does not make the best use of current resources, or forgoes investment in capital or technology, it may ...

                                               

Growth–share matrix

The growth–share matrix is a chart that was created by Bruce D. Henderson for the Boston Consulting Group in 1970 to help corporations to analyze their business units, that is, their product lines. This helps the company allocate resources and is ...

                                               

Innovation management

Innovation management is a combination of the management of innovation processes, and change management. It refers to product, business process, marketing and organizational innovation. Innovation management is the subject of ISO 56000 series sta ...

                                               

Joint decision trap

The joint decision trap was identified by the political scientist, Fritz W. Scharpf in a 1988 scholarly article, Scharpf, Fritz W. The Joint-Decision Trap. Lessons From German Federalism and European Integration. Public Administration, Vol. 66, N ...

                                               

Lead time

A lead time is the latency between the initiation and completion of a process. For example, the lead time between the placement of an order and delivery of new cars by a given manufacturer might be between 2 weeks and 6 months, depending on vario ...

                                               

Marketing plan

A marketing plan may be part of an overall business plan. Solid marketing strategy is the foundation of a well-written marketing plan so that goals may be achieved. While a marketing plan contains a list of actions, without a sound strategic foun ...

                                               

Mind map

A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is hierarchical and shows relationships among pieces of the whole. It is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank page, to which as ...

                                               

Open Options Corporation

Open Options Corporation is a privately owned business strategy consulting company that specializes in applied game theory and business war games where there are multiple stakeholders who can all influence the final outcome of a particular situat ...

                                               

Operational planning

Operational planning is the process of planning strategic goals and objectives to tactical goals and objectives. It describes milestones, conditions for success and explains how, or what portion of, a strategic plan will be put into operation dur ...

                                               

PEST analysis

PEST analysis describes a framework of macro-environmental factors used in the environmental scanning component of strategic management. It is part of an external analysis when conducting a strategic analysis or doing market research, and gives a ...

                                               

Porter's five forces analysis

Porters Five Forces Framework is a method for analyzing competition of a business. It draws from industrial organization economics to derive five forces that determine the competitive intensity and, therefore, the attractiveness of an industry in ...

                                               

Porter's four corners model

Porters four corners model is a predictive tool designed by Michael Porter that helps in determining a competitors course of action. Unlike other predictive models which predominantly rely on a firms current strategy and capabilities to determine ...

                                               

Scenario planning

Scenario planning, also called scenario thinking or scenario analysis, is a strategic planning method that some organizations use to make flexible long-term plans. It is in large part an adaptation and generalization of classic methods used by mi ...

                                               

Six Segment Analysis

The Six Segment Analysis is a framework to analyze the general environment of a firm. The framework is frequently used in the analysis of competitive strategy. Six Segment Analysis can help managers to identify potential opportunities and threats ...

                                               

Stakeholder management

Stakeholder management is a critical component to the successful delivery of any project, programme or activity. A stakeholder is any individual, group or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a progra ...

                                               

Stakeholder register

A stakeholder register is a document that describes who is affected by a project, and their effect and impact on the project. A stakeholder register is ideally completed early in the project to ensure proper engagement of stakeholders. Sources fo ...

                                               

Strategic assumption surfacing and testing

Strategic assumptions surfacing and testing is a method for approaching ill-structured problems. It can be applied as a dialectical approach to policy and planning. An ill-structured problem may alternatively be also labelled as a wicked problem. ...

                                               

Strategic initiative

Strategic initiative in business is the effort aimed at achieving three interrelated results: Conversion and alignment of the organization. The important benefits" strategic” stakeholders and. Boundary-spanning vision or strategic intent”. A stra ...

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