Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 327

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 327


                                               

Laminectomy

A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. It is a major spine operation with residual scar tissue and may result in postlaminectomy syndrome. Depen ...

                                               

Laminoplasty

Laminoplasty is an orthopaedic/neurosurgical surgical procedure for treating spinal stenosis by relieving pressure on the spinal cord. The main purpose of this procedure is to provide relief to patients who may suffer from symptoms of numbness, p ...

                                               

Laminotomy

A laminotomy is an orthopaedic neurosurgical procedure that removes part of the lamina of a vertebral arch in order to relieve pressure in the vertebral canal. A laminotomy is less invasive than conventional vertebral column surgery techniques, s ...

                                               

Lateral release

                                               

Meniscal cartilage replacement therapy

Meniscal cartilage replacement therapy is surgical replacement of the meniscus of the knee as a treatment for where the meniscus is so damaged that it would otherwise need to be removed.

                                               

Meniscus transplant

A meniscus transplant or meniscal transplant is a transplant of the meniscus of the knee, which separates the thigh bone from the lower leg bone. The worn or damaged meniscus is removed and is replaced with a new one from a donor. The meniscus to ...

                                               

Microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty

Microsurgical lumbar laminoplasty is a minimally invasive technique for decompressing pinched nerves in the lumbar spine. Pinched or compressed nerves may result from herniated discs, lumbar spinal stenosis, or spondylolisthesis. The traditional ...

                                               

Osseoincorporation

Osseoincorporation refers to the healing potential of bone onto an implant surface and into an implant structure. Three-dimensional, porous implantable materials used in the orthopedic and dental implant industries offer the potential for ingrowt ...

                                               

Osteostimulation

Osteostimulation is a technique attempted for improving healing of bone injuries or defects. It has not however been found to be significantly effective in increasing bone healing. It is believed to work through the active stimulation of osteobla ...

                                               

Osteotomy

An osteotomy is a surgical operation whereby a bone is cut to shorten or lengthen it or to change its alignment. It is sometimes performed to correct a hallux valgus, or to straighten a bone that has healed crookedly following a fracture. It is a ...

                                               

Percutaneous pinning

Percutaneous pinning is a technique used by orthopedic and podiatric surgeons for the stabilization of unstable fractures. Many fractures can be manipulated into wholly satisfactory positions, immobilized in an appropriate cast and allowed to hea ...

                                               

Reduction (orthopedic surgery)

Reduction is a surgical procedure to repair a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment. This sense of the term "reduction" does not imply any sort of removal or quantitative decrease but rather implies a restoration: re + ducere, i.e., "b ...

                                               

Reverse shoulder replacement

Reverse shoulder replacement is a type of shoulder replacement in which the normal ball and socket relationship of glenohumeral joint is reversed, creating a more stable joint with a fixed fulcrum. This form of shoulder replacement is utilized in ...

                                               

Stress–strain index

The stress–strain index, of a bone, is a surrogate measure of bone strength determined from a cross-sectional scan by QCT or pQCT. The stress–strain index is used to compare the structural parameters determined by analysis of QCT/pQCT cross-secti ...

                                               

Synovectomy

Synovectomy is a procedure where the synovial tissue surrounding a joint is removed. This procedure is typically recommended to provide relief from a condition in which the synovial membrane or the joint lining becomes inflamed and irritated and ...

                                               

Tendon transfer

A tendon transfer is a surgical process in which the insertion of a tendon is moved, but the origin remains in the same location. Tendon transfer involves redistribution of muscle power, not recreation. Tendons are transferred at the distal attac ...

                                               

Orthopedic surgical approaches

                                               

Adenoidectomy

Adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoid for reasons which include impaired breathing through the nose, chronic infections, or recurrent earaches. The effectiveness of removing the adenoids in children to improve recurrent nasal sympt ...

                                               

Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. Cholecystectomy is a common treatment of symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder conditions. In 2011, cholecystectomy was the eighth most common operating room procedure performed i ...

                                               

Discectomy

A discectomy is the surgical removal of abnormal disc material that presses on a nerve root or the spinal cord. The procedure involves removing a portion of an intervertebral disc, which causes pain, weakness or numbness by stressing the spinal c ...

                                               

Exeresis

Exeresis may refer to the surgical removal of any part or organ, roughly synonymous to excision. However, it may specifically refer to clearing the uterus of its contents after a miscarriage, such as vacuum aspiration.

                                               

Frenectomy

A frenectomy is the removal of a frenulum, a small fold of tissue that prevents an organ in the body from moving too far. It can refer to frenula in several places on the human body. It is related to frenuloplasty, a surgical alteration in a fren ...

                                               

Limb-sparing techniques

Limb-sparing techniques, also known as limb-saving or limb-salvage techniques, are performed in order to give patients an alternative to amputation. There are many different types of limb-sparing techniques, including arthrodesis, arthroplasty, a ...

                                               

Parotidectomy

A parotidectomy is the surgical excision of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands. The procedure is most typically performed due to neoplasms, which are growths of rapidly and abnormally dividing cells. Neoplasms can be ...

                                               

Plasma coblation

Plasma coblation is a tonsillectomy procedure which involves the removal of tissue through radio frequency wavelengths. Coblation techniques have been present since the 1950s and have been developed so that errors can be removed to achieve a surg ...

                                               

Quadrantectomy

A quadrantectomy, also referred to as a segmental or partial mastectomy, is a surgical procedure for breast cancer in which one quarter of breast tissue is removed along with muscles of the chest wall within a 2 to 3 centimeter radius of a tumor. ...

                                               

Tonsillectomy

Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure in which both palatine tonsils are fully removed from the back of the throat. The procedure is mainly performed for recurrent throat infections and obstructive sleep apnea. For those with frequent throat infe ...

                                               

Tracheo-oesophageal puncture

A tracheo-esophageal puncture is a surgically created hole between the trachea and the esophagus in a person who has had a total laryngectomy, a surgery where the larynx is removed. The purpose of the puncture is to restore a person’s ability to ...

                                               

VATS lobectomy

Anatomic lung resection, i.e. pulmonary lobectomy or pneumonectomy, in conjunction with removal of the lymph nodes from the mediastinum is the treatment modality that provides the greatest chance of long-term survival in patients with early stage ...

                                               

Wide local excision

A wide local excision is a surgical procedure to remove a small area of diseased or problematic tissue with a margin of normal tissue. This procedure is commonly performed on the breast and to skin lesions, but can be used on any area of the body ...

                                               

Horizontal mattress stitch

The horizontal mattress stitch is a suture technique used to close wounds. It everts skin well and spreads tension along the wound edge. This makes it ideal for holding together fragile skin as well as skin under high tension such as the distant ...

                                               

Seton stitch

The procedure involves running a surgical-grade cord through the fistula tract so that the cord creates a loop that joins up outside the fistula. The cord provides a path that allows the fistula to drain continuously while it is healing, rather t ...

                                               

Simple interrupted stitch

The simple interrupted stitch is a suturing technique used to close wounds. It is the most commonly used technique in the closure of skin. It is known as an interrupted stitch because the individual stitches arent connected; they are separate. Pl ...

                                               

Vertical mattress stitch

The vertical mattress stitch, often called vertical Donati stitch, is a suture type used to close skin wounds. The advantages of the vertical mattress suture are that it provides closure for both deep and superficial layers, and also allows perfe ...

                                               

Median sternotomy

Median sternotomy is a type of surgical procedure in which a vertical inline incision is made along the sternum, after which the sternum itself is divided, or "cracked". This procedure provides access to the heart and lungs for surgical procedure ...

                                               

Nuss procedure

The Nuss procedure is a minimally-invasive procedure, invented in 1987 by Dr. Donald Nuss for treating pectus excavatum. He developed it at Childrens Hospital of The Kings Daughters, in Norfolk, Virginia. The operation typically takes approximate ...

                                               

Thoracotomy

A thoracotomy is a surgical procedure to gain access into the pleural space of the chest. It is performed by surgeons to gain access to the thoracic organs, most commonly the heart, the lungs, or the esophagus, for access to the thoracic aorta or ...

                                               

Tracheobronchoplasty

A tracheobronchoplasty is a surgical procedure performed at limited medical facilities across the United States. It consists of a thoracic surgery during which mesh is sutured to the outside of the patients trachea through a series of hundreds of ...

                                               

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is a type of thoracic surgery performed using a small video camera that is introduced into the patients chest via small incisions. The surgeon is able to view the instruments that are being used along with the ...

                                               

Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy

In thoracic surgery, a pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, also referred to as pulmonary endarterectomy is an operation that removes organized clotted blood from the pulmonary arteries, which supply blood to the lungs.

                                               

Vein stripping

Vein stripping is a surgical procedure done under general or local anaesthetic to aid in the treatment of varicose veins and other manifestations of chronic venous disease. The vein "stripped" is usually the great saphenous vein. The surgery invo ...

                                               

Endoscopic stenting

Endoscopic stenting is a medical procedure by which a stent, a hollow device designed to prevent constriction or collapse of a tubular organ, is inserted by endoscopy. They are usually inserted when a disease process has led to narrowing or obstr ...

                                               

Greater sac

In human anatomy, the greater sac, also known as the general cavity or peritoneum of the peritoneal cavity proper, is the cavity in the abdomen that is inside the peritoneum but outside the lesser sac. It is connected with the lesser sac via the ...

                                               

Intra-abdominal infection

Intra-abdominal infection is a group of infections that occur within the abdominal cavity. They vary from appendicitis to fecal peritonitis. Risk of death despite treatment is often high.

                                               

Lesser sac

The lesser sac, also known as the omental bursa, is the cavity in the abdomen that is formed by the lesser and greater omentum. Usually found in mammals, it is connected with the greater sac via the omental foramen or Foramen of Winslow. In mamma ...

                                               

Retrograde appendicectomy

When the appendix is retrocaecal and adherent or otherwise inaccessible, appendicectomy is done in a retrograde fashion. Firstly, the base is divided between artery forceps. The appendiceal vessels are then ligated, the stump ligated and invagina ...

                                               

ROSA

ROSA is a medical robotic technology, designed to minimize invasiveness of surgeries of the central nervous system. ROSA robots assist health professionals during surgical procedures. The ROSA technology, developed by the French company Zimmer Bi ...

                                               

Decerebellate

Decerebellate rigidity is caused by a lesion in the cerebellum. The function of the cerebellum is to coordinate muscular activity. Animals with decerebellate rigidity show opisthotonus with thoracic limb extension, flexion of the pelvic limbs rig ...

                                               

Decerebration

Decerebration is the elimination of cerebral brain function in an animal by removing the cerebrum, cutting across the brain stem, or severing certain arteries in the brain stem. As a result, the animal loses certain reflexes which are integrated ...

                                               

Microvascular decompression

Microvascular decompression, also known as the Jannetta procedure, is a neurosurgical procedure used to treat trigeminal neuralgia a pain syndrome characterized by severe episodes of intense facial pain, and hemifacial spasm. The procedure is als ...

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