Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 327

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 327

                                               

Sexophobia

Sexophobia is the fear of sexual organs or sexual activities and, in a larger sense, the fear of sexuality. As such, it can be applied to the attitude of a person based on his or her educational background, personal experience, and psyche, or to ...

                                               

Sexual Attitude Reassessment

A Sexual Attitude Reassessment, sometimes Sexual Attitude Restructuring, seminar is a process-oriented, structured group experience to promote participants awareness of their attitudes and values related to sexuality, and to assist them in unders ...

                                               

Sexual capital

Sexual capital or erotic capital is the social value an individual or group accrues as a result of their sexual attractiveness. As with other forms of capital, sexual capital is convertible, and may be useful in acquiring other forms of capital, ...

                                               

Sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction is difficulty experienced by an individual or a couple during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including physical pleasure, desire, preference, arousal or orgasm. According to the DSM-5, sexual dysfunction requires a pers ...

                                               

Sexual identity therapy

Sexual identity therapy is a framework to "aid mental health practitioners in helping people arrive at a healthy and personally acceptable resolution of sexual identity and value conflicts." It was invented by Warren Throckmorton and Mark Yarhous ...

                                               

Sexual intercourse

Sexual intercourse is sexual activity typically involving the insertion and thrusting of the penis into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both. This is also known as vaginal intercourse or vaginal sex. Other forms of penetrative se ...

                                               

Sexual repression

Sexual repression is a state in which a person is prevented from expressing their own sexuality. Sexual repression is often associated with feelings of guilt or shame, being associated with sexual impulses. What constitutes sexual repression is s ...

                                               

Sexual stimulation

Sexual stimulation is any stimulus that leads to, enhances and maintains sexual arousal, and may lead to orgasm. Although sexual arousal may arise without physical stimulation, achieving orgasm usually requires physical sexual stimulation. The te ...

                                               

Sociosexual orientation

Sociosexual orientation, or sociosexuality, is the individual difference in the willingness to engage in sexual activity outside of a committed relationship. Individuals with a more restricted sociosexual orientation are less willing to engage in ...

                                               

Spectatoring

Spectatoring is a process suggested by Masters and Johnson that involves a person focusing on him or herself "from a third person perspective during sexual activity, rather than focusing on ones sensations and sexual partner, can increase perform ...

                                               

Sticky: A (Self) Love Story

Sticky: A Love Story is a 2016 documentary and comedy film by Nicholas Tana that attempts to explain why most people are afraid to discuss masturbation. The movie is one of the first documentaries to address the myths and social taboos around mas ...

                                               

Tanner scale

The Tanner scale) is a scale of physical development in children, adolescents and adults. The scale defines physical measurements of development based on external primary and secondary sex characteristics, such as the size of the breasts, genital ...

                                               

Taoist sexual practices

Taoist sexual practices are the ways Taoists may practice sexual activity. These practices are also known as "Joining Energy" or "The Joining of the Essences". Practitioners believe that by performing these sexual arts, one can stay in good healt ...

                                               

Top, bottom and versatile

In human sexuality, top, bottom, and versatile are sex positions or roles during sexual activity, especially between two men. A top is usually a person who penetrates, a bottom is usually one who receives penetration, and someone who is versatile ...

                                               

Vaginal photoplethysmograph

Vaginal photoplethysmography is a technique using light to measure the amount of blood in the walls of the vagina. The device that is used is called a vaginal photometer.

                                               

Outline of social science

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to social science: Social science – branch of science concerned with society and human behaviors.

                                               

Administrative history

Administrative history is a historiographic field which looks at the history of state administrations and bureaucracies. Originally considered a sub-field of Administrative Sciences that was intended to improve contemporary governance, administra ...

                                               

Ascribed characteristics

Ascribed characteristics, as used in the social sciences, refers to properties of an individual attained at birth, by inheritance, or through the aging process. The individual has very little, if any, control over these characteristics. Typical e ...

                                               

Bioculture

Bioculture is the combination of biological and cultural factors that affect human behavior. Bioculture is an area of study bounded by the medical sciences, social sciences, landscape ecology, cultural anthropology, biotechnology, disability stud ...

                                               

C. Wright Mills Award

The C. Wright Mills Award is a distinction awarded annually by the Society for the Study of Social Problems to the author of the book that "best exemplifies outstanding social science research and a great understanding the individual and society ...

                                               

Computational social science

Computational social science refers to the academic sub-disciplines concerned with computational approaches to the social sciences. This means that computers are used to model, simulate, and analyze social phenomena. Fields include computational ...

                                               

Cultural studies

Cultural studies is a field of theoretically, politically, and empirically engaged cultural analysis that concentrates upon the political dynamics of contemporary culture, its historical foundations, defining traits, conflicts, and contingencies. ...

                                               

Doctor of Social Science

The Doctor of Social Science degree is the highest degree offered by some universities in the field of social sciences, for which other universities confer a Ph.D. Like the PhD, it is recognized as a terminal research degree that requires a subst ...

                                               

Force-field analysis

Force-field analysis is a development in social science. It provides a framework for looking at the factors that influence a situation, originally social situations. It looks at forces that are either driving movement toward a goal or blocking mo ...

                                               

Gulbenkian commission

                                               

IASSIST

The International Association for Social Science Information Services and Technology is an international organisation that provides professional development, communication and conferences for data librarians, archivists, and social science aligne ...

                                               

Methodological nationalism

Not to be confused with Methodological naturalism In social science, Methodological Nationalism is an intellectual orientation and pattern in scholarly research that conceives of the nation-state as the sole unit of analysis or as a container for ...

                                               

Mobilities

Mobilities is a contemporary paradigm in the social sciences that explores the movement of people, ideas and things, as well as the broader social implications of those movements. Mobility can also be thought as the movement of people through soc ...

                                               

Models of teaching social science

A model of teaching is a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curriculums,to design instructional materials and to guide instruction in the classroom.

                                               

Modern Studies

Modern studies is a subject unique to the Scottish secondary school curriculum. The focus of Modern Studies is to develop learners knowledge and understanding of contemporary political and social issues in local, Scottish, United Kingdom and inte ...

                                               

Normative

Normative generally means relating to an evaluative standard. Normativity is the phenomenon in human societies of designating some actions or outcomes as good or desirable or permissible and others as bad or undesirable or impermissible. A norm i ...

                                               

Occupational science

Occupational science is a discipline in the social and behavioral sciences dedicated to the study of humans as "doers" or "occupational beings". As used here, the term "occupation" refers to the intentional or goal-directed activities that charac ...

                                               

Paedology

Paedology is the study of childrens behavior and development. Pedology is not commonly recognized as a distinct field of study; therefore, many people who would be described as pedologists are instead described as pedagogues, psychologists, pedia ...

                                               

Performance science

Performance science is the multidisciplinary study of human performance. It draws together methodologies across numerous scientific disciplines, including those of biomechanics, economics, physiology, psychology, and sociology, to understand the ...

                                               

Quantum social science

Quantum social science is an emerging field of interdisciplinary research which draws parallels between quantum physics and the social sciences. Although there is no settled consensus on a single approach, a unifying theme is that, while the soci ...

                                               

SAFE13 study

The Survey of Academic Field Experiences study, also known as the SAFE13 study, was a survey conducted between February and May 2013 in order to characterize experiences of scientists working at field sites as they relate to sexual harassment and ...

                                               

Social simulation

Social simulation is a research field that applies computational methods to study issues in the social sciences. The issues explored include problems in computational law, psychology, organizational behavior, sociology, political science, economi ...

                                               

Standard social science model

The term standard social science model was first introduced by John Tooby and Leda Cosmides in the 1992 edited volume The Adapted Mind. They used SSSM as a reference to social science philosophies related to the blank slate, relativism, social co ...

                                               

Subject Network for Sociology, Anthropology, Politics

The Subject Network for Sociology, Anthropology, Politics of the Higher Education Academy of the United Kingdom was established in 2000 to support and enhance learning and teaching in performing arts higher education across the UK. It is based at ...

                                               

Youth studies

Youth studies is an interdisciplinary academic field devoted to the study of the development, history, culture, psychology, and politics of youth. The field studies not only specific cultures of young people, but also their relationships, roles a ...

                                               

Zemiology

Zemiology is the study of social harms. Zemiology gets its name from the Greek word ζημία zēmia, meaning "harm". It originated as a critique of criminology and the notion of crime. In contrast with "individual-based harms" such as theft, the noti ...

                                               

African Centre for Technology Studies

African Centre for Technology Studies is an intergovernmental non-profit organization, founded in 1988 by Calestous Juma in Nairobi, Kenya, promoting policy-oriented research on science and technology in development that is sustainable in terms o ...

                                               

Agriculture and Rural Development Day

Between 2009 and 2012, Agriculture and Rural Development Day was an annual event co-organized by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Earth System Science Partnership, Food and Agriculture Organization, Global Forum on A ...

                                               

Basque Declaration

The Basque Declaration is a formal document outlining 15 pathways for the development of more sustainable cities in Europe. The Declaration was acclaimed at the 8th European Conference on Sustainable Cities & Towns from 27–29 April 2016 in Basque ...

                                               

Centre for Appropriate Rural Technology

The Centre for Appropriate Rural Technology is a community-driven sustainable development project located in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. It functions as a life skills centre in the heart of Sicambeni Village, a rural village near Port St Johns.

                                               

Choice editing

Choice editing refers to the active process of controlling or limiting the choices available to consumers so as to drive to an end goal, specifically by banning things or imposing punitive taxation. The term has gained currency in discussions abo ...

                                               

Circles of Sustainability

Circles of Sustainability is a method for understanding and assessing sustainability, and for managing projects directed towards socially sustainable outcomes. It is intended to handle seemingly intractable problems such as outlined in sustainabl ...

                                               

Clean growth

Clean growth is goal 7 of the UNs sustainability goals, first published in 2009. Clean growth refers to economic growth that is energy efficient, uses sustainable agricultural practices, and uses renewable energy technologies according to the Pol ...

                                               

Climate change education (CCE)

Climate change education is education that aims to address and develop effective responses to climate change. It helps learners understand the causes and consequences of climate change, prepares them to live with the impacts of climate change and ...

                                               

Climate-friendly school

A climate-friendly school is a school that uses education for sustainable development to promote a culture of sustainability in which students, staff and families hold shared values and beliefs about the importance of taking action for a more sus ...

                                               

Computational sustainability

Computational sustainability is a broad field that attempts to optimize societal, economic, and environmental resources using methods from mathematics and computer science fields. Sustainability in this context is the ability to produce enough en ...

                                               

Cosmopolitan localism

Cosmopolitan localism is a social innovation approach to community development that seeks to link local and global communities through resilient infrastructures that bring production and consumption closer together, building on distributed system ...

                                               

Dashboard of Sustainability

The Dashboard of Sustainability is a free-of-charge, non-commercial software package configured to convey the complex relationships among economic, social, and environmental issues. The software is designed to help developing countries achieve th ...

                                               

Development aid

Development aid or development cooperation, or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries. It can be further defined as " ...

                                               

Development-supported agriculture

Development-supported agriculture is a nascent movement in real estate development that preserves and invests in agricultural land use. As farmland is lost due to the challenging economics of farming and the pressures of the real estate industry, ...

                                               

Drawdown (book)

Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming is a 2017 book by Paul Hawken about climate change mitigation. It describes solutions arranged in order by broad categories: energy, food, women and girls, buildings an ...

                                               

Eco-industrial development

Eco-industrial development is a framework for industry to develop while reducing its impact on the environment. It uses a closed loop production cycle to tackle a broad set of environmental challenges such as soil and water pollution, desertifica ...

                                               

Ecological goods and services

Ecological goods and services are the economical benefits arising from the ecological functions of ecosystems. Such benefits accrue to all living organisms, including animals and plants, rather than to humans alone. However, there is a growing re ...

                                               

Ecologically sustainable development

Ecologically sustainable development is the environmental component of sustainable development. It can be achieved partially through the use of the precautionary principle; if there are threats of serious or irreversible environmental damage, lac ...

                                               

Ecoplanet Bamboo Group

Winner of the U.S. Department of States 2014 Award for Corporate Excellence, founded in 2010 by Troy Wiseman and Camille Rebelo, EcoPlanet Bamboo has pioneered the industrialization of bamboo as an alternative fiber for timber manufacturing indus ...

                                               

Ecoweek

ECOWEEK Εβδομάδα Οικολογίας is a private non-profit, non-governmental international organization aiming towards the empowerment, networking, education and training of young professionals - architects, designers, engineers, landscape architects - ...

                                               

Education 2030 Agenda

Education 2030 Agenda refers to the global commitment of the Education for All movement to ensure access to basic education for all. It is an essential part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The roadmap to achieve the Agenda is the ...

                                               

Education for sustainable development

Education for Sustainable Development was a United Nations program that defined as education that encourages changes in knowledge, skills, values and attitudes to enable a more sustainable and just society for all. ESD aims to empower and equip c ...

                                               

Energy for Sustainable Development

Energy for Sustainable Development is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research on energy-related aspects of sustainable development. It is published by Elsevier and the editor-in-chief is Daniel B. Jones. According to the Journal Citati ...

                                               

Engineers Without Borders (Ireland)

Engineers Without Borders Ireland is an international development organisation for students and professionals from Ireland who share a common interest in sustainable development through engineering and appropriate technologies. The organisation w ...

                                               

Environmental governance

Environmental governance is a concept in political ecology and environmental policy that advocates sustainability as the supreme consideration for managing all human activities - political, social and economic. Governance includes government, bus ...

                                               

Environmental impact assessment

Environmental assessment is the assessment of the environmental consequences of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. In this context, the term environmental impact assessment ...

                                               

Food for the Hungry

Food for the Hungry is a Christian international relief, development, and advocacy organization with operations in more than 20 countries. Food for the Hungry was founded in 1971 by Dr. Larry Ward. Food for the Hungrys stated mission for long-ter ...

                                               

Great Transition

Great Transition is used by the Great Transition Initiative and its predecessor, the Global Scenario Group, to describe a vision of a just and sustainable global future. The term was originally coined by Kenneth E. Boulding in The Meaning of the ...

                                               

Green consumption

Green consumption is closely related to the notions of sustainable development or sustainable consumer behaviour. It is a form of consumption that is compatible with the safeguard of the environment for the present and for the next generations. I ...

                                               

Green gross domestic product

The green gross domestic product is an index of economic growth with the environmental consequences of that growth factored into a countrys conventional GDP. Green GDP monetizes the loss of biodiversity, and accounts for costs caused by climate c ...

                                               

Green national product

The green national product is an economic metric that seeks to include environmental features such as environmental degradation and resource depletion with a countrys national product.

                                               

Greenhouse debt

Greenhouse debt is the measure to which an individual person, incorporated association, business enterprise, government instrumentality or / geographic community exceeds its permitted greenhouse footprint and contributes greenhouse gases that con ...

                                               

Harmony with nature

In participation with the United Nations Earth Summit 2012 the Bolivian government submitted a proposal titled Harmony With Nature this proposal attempts to define a platform for global sustainable development. The General Assembly of the United ...

                                               

The Hartwell Paper

The Hartwell Paper called for a reorientation of climate policy after the perceived failure in 2009 of the UNFCCC climate conference in Copenhagen. It was a response to the United Nations Kyoto Protocol, a previous international agreement meant t ...

                                               

Inquiry into a Sustainability Charter

On Wednesday 5 September 2007, the Australian House of Representatives Environment and Heritage Committee presented, to the Speaker, its report on the inquiry into a sustainability charter entitled Sustainability for survival: creating a climate ...

                                               

Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development

The Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development is a dynamic document created to help governments formulate sound investment policy, especially international investment agreements, that capitalize on foreign direct investment for sust ...

                                               

Peter Jacobs (landscape architect)

Peter Jacobs is a Canadian landscape architect specializing in the conservation and development of rural and northern landscapes and in urban landscape design. He is Emeritus professor of the School of Planning and Landscape Architecture of the U ...

                                               

Land recycling

Land recycling is the reuse of abandoned, vacant, or underused properties for redevelopment or repurposing. Land recycling aims to ensure the reuse of developed land as part of: new developments; cleaning up contaminated properties; reuse and/or ...

                                               

Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2016

The Land Reform Act 2016 is an Act of the Scottish Parliament which continues the process of land reform in Scotland following the Community Empowerment Act 2015. It is notable for granting Scottish ministers the power to force the sale of privat ...

                                               

Manu Learning Centre

The Manu Learning Centre is located within the Fundo Mascoitania Reserve, a 643 hectare private nature reserve, encompassed within the cultural zone of the Manu Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the largest protected area ...

                                               

Micro-sustainability

Micro-sustainability focuses on the small environmental actions that collectively result in a large environmental impact. Micro-sustainability centers on individual efforts, behavior modification and creating attitudinal changes, which result in ...

                                               

Monitoring Education for Sustainable Development

Monitoring Education for Sustainable Development refers to measuring progress in ESD learning compared to policy commitments, provision, institutional support, resources and others. Monitoring and evaluation of Education for Sustainable Developme ...

                                               

Municipal wastewater treatment energy management

Sustainable energy management in the wastewater sector applies the concept of sustainable management to the energy involved in the treatment of wastewater. The energy used by the wastewater sector is usually the largest portion of energy consumed ...

                                               

Natural resource management

Natural Resource Management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations. Natural Resour ...

                                               

New Mobility Agenda

The New Mobility Agenda is an international institution which, although a virtual and open collaborative project today, was originally set up by an international working group meeting at the Abbey de Royaumont near Paris in 1974 with the support ...

                                               

Positive Development

Net positive’, from Positive Development theory, is a new paradigm in sustainable development and design. PD theory was first detailed in Positive Development. A net positive system/structure would give back to nature and society more than it tak ...

                                               

Product lifetime

Product lifetime or product lifespan is the time interval from when a product is sold to when it is discarded. and Oguchi et al. More specifically: Product lifetime refers to the useful life of a product; the time during which the product remains ...

                                               

Programme for Economic Advancement and Community Empowerment

Programme for Economic Advancement and Community Empowerment, is a four-year project funded by the European Union. and implemented by the Sarhad Rural Support Programme. It was launched in 2013 in all districts of Malakand Division, Khyber Pakhtu ...

                                               

Project Neptune (water distribution system)

Project Neptune is a water distribution project in the United Kingdom with the goal of establishing an optimized and more sustainable system for water distribution. The project was officially announced in April 2007, and received a budget of £2.7 ...

                                               

Resource justice

Resource justice is a term in environmentalism and in environmental ethics. It combines elements of distributive justice and environmental justice and is based on the observation that many countries rich in natural resources such as minerals and ...

                                               

Saltire Prize

The Saltire Prize, named after the flag of Scotland, is the national award for advances in the commercial development of marine energy. To be considered for the £10 million award teams must demonstrate, in Scottish waters, a commercially viable w ...

                                               

Sustainable development in Scotland

Sustainable development in Scotland has a number of distinct strands. The idea of sustainable development was used by the Brundtland Commission which defined it as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability ...

                                               

Scottish government economy directorates

The Scottish government economy directorates were a set of directorates within the Scottish government, the executive arm of the devolved government of Scotland. The directorates were headed by Dr Andrew Goudie, who also acted as the chief econom ...

                                               

Social metabolism

Social metabolism or socioeconomic metabolism is the set of flows of materials and energy that occur between nature and society, between different societies, and within societies. These human-controlled material and energy flows are a basic featu ...

                                               

Social sustainability

Social sustainability is the least defined and least understood of the different ways of approaching sustainability and sustainable development. Social sustainability has had considerably less attention in public dialogue than economic and enviro ...

                                               

Strategic sustainable investing

Strategic sustainable investing is an investment strategy that recognizes and rewards leading companies that are moving society towards sustainability. SSI relies on a consensus-based scientific definition of sustainability, and the assumption th ...

                                               

Substitution principle (sustainability)

The substitution principle in sustainability is the maxim that processes, services and products should, wherever possible, be replaced with alternatives which have a lower impact on the environment. An example of a strong, hazard-based interpreta ...

                                               

Sust’n’Able

Sust n Able is the Woodcraft Folks programme of education for sustainable development. The project was the theme of the Woodcraft Folks 2001 international camp in Nottinghamshire where 4.000 young people attended. The camp focused on sustainable ...

                                               

Sustainability and environmental management

At the global scale sustainability and environmental management involves managing the oceans, freshwater systems, land and atmosphere, according to sustainability principles. Land use change is fundamental to the operations of the biosphere becau ...

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