Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 321

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 321

                                               

Digital morphogenesis

Digital morphogenesis is a type of generative art in which the complex development of forms, or morphogenesis, is provided by the calculation. This concept is applicable in many fields of design, art, architecture and modeling. The concept was or ...

                                               

Fab Tree Hab

FAB tree HAB a hypothetical ecological home design developed at MIT, Mitchell Joachim, Javier Arbona and Lara Greden. With the idea of easing the burden humanity puts on the environment of conventional housing by growing "living, breathing" tree ...

                                               

Feminism and modern architecture

Feminist theory as it relates to architecture and paved the way for the revival of such female architects like Eileen gray. These women presented an architecture that challenged the way a traditional family would live. They practiced architecture ...

                                               

Feng shui

Feng Shui also known as Chinese geomancy is a traditional practice originating from Ancient China, which claims the use of force to bring people with their environment. The term Feng Shui literally translates as "wind-water" in English. This is a ...

                                               

The Five Orders of Architecture

The five orders of architecture is a book on classical architecture is Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola from 1562, and is "one of the most successful textbooks is written," despite the lack of text, excluding notes and introduction. First published in ...

                                               

Form follows function

Form follows function is a principle associated with the late 19th and early 20th century architecture and industrial design in General, and this means that the shape of a building or object should primarily relate to its function or purpose.

                                               

Functionalism (architecture)

In architecture, functionalism is the principle that buildings should be developed solely on the basis of the purpose and function of the building. This principle is the subject of confusion and controversy within the profession, particularly in ...

                                               

Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis

Fuzzy architectural spatial analysis based on the analysis of architectural space or fuzzy spatial analysis) is a method of spatial analysis with the analysis of the spatial formation and architectural space intensity in any architectural organiz ...

                                               

Maharishi Vastu Architecture

Architecture Maharishi Vastu is a complex of architectural and planning principles assembled Maharishi Mahesh Yogi based on "ancient Sanskrit texts". Vastu architecture Maharishi also called "Maharishi Sthapatya Veda", "fortune-creating" building ...

                                               

Massing

Massing refers to the structure in three dimensions, not just its shape, with a single point of view forms. Massaging the affects the sense of space that surrounds the house and helps define the internal space and external appearance of the build ...

                                               

Mathematics and architecture

Mathematics and architecture are linked, because, as in other arts, architects use math for several reasons. In addition to the mathematics required in the design of buildings, architects use geometry: determination of the spatial shape of the bu ...

                                               

Modern architecture

Art Nouveau, or modernist, was based on new and innovative construction technologies, in particular, the use of glass, steel and concrete, the idea that form should follow function, an embrace of minimalism and the rejection of ornament. It origi ...

                                               

Modulor

In Modulor is the anthropometric data of proportions devised by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier. It was developed as a visual bridge between two incompatible Scales, the Imperial and the metric system. It is based on the height of a ...

                                               

Natural building

A natural building involves range building systems materials place great emphasis on sustainability. Ways of achieving sustainability through natural building focus on durability and minimally processed, plentiful or renewable resources, and also ...

                                               

North light (architecture)

Northern light is a natural light coming from the North. It reflected the light of the sun, and therefore does not create harsh shadows. It consists of light which comes from the blue sky, not directly from the sun. It is preferred and considered ...

                                               

Oppositions

Oppositions was an architectural journal produced by the Institute of architecture and urban studies from 1973 to 1984. Many of his articles contributed to the development of architectural theory and many of its members have become prominent spec ...

                                               

Pattern (architecture)

Pattern in architecture is the idea of capturing architectural design ideas as archetypal and reusable descriptions. The term "pattern" in this context is usually attributed to Christopher Alexander, an Austrian and American architect. The patter ...

                                               

Pattern language

The language of drawing-is a method of describing good design practices or models useful to the organization in the field of expertise. This term was coined by architect Christopher Alexander and popularized by his 1977 book the language of drawi ...

                                               

A Pattern Language

Template language: towns, buildings, construction is a book, 1977 architecture, urban design, and overall livability. It was authored by Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray Silverstein, Center for environmental structure, Berkeley, Calif ...

                                               

Phenomenology (architecture)

Phenomenology in architecture can be understood as discursive and realist, to understand and to embody the philosophical ideas of phenomenology. According to Dan Zahavi: "Phenomenology shares the conviction that the critical stance proper to phil ...

                                               

Polite architecture

Polite architecture, or "polite" in architectural theory comprises buildings designed to include not local styles for aesthetically-pleasing decorative effect by professional architects. Thus, the term groups has been called the current architect ...

                                               

Post-postmodernism

Post-postmodernism is a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature and culture who start and respond to postmodernism. Another similar recent the term metamodernism.

                                               

Proportion (architecture)

Proportion is one of the basic principles of architectural theory and the important link between mathematics and art. It is a visual effect relationship of various objects and spaces that make up the structure to each other and to the whole. Thes ...

                                               

Rationalism (architecture)

In architecture, rationalism is an architectural current which mostly developed from Italy in the 1920-ies and 1930-ies. Vitruvius asserted in his work, architecture is a science that can be rationally comprehended. This formulation was taken up ...

                                               

Remodernism

Remodernism revives aspects of modernism, particularly in its early form, and follows postmodernism, to which it contrasts. Adherents of remodernism advocate as a forward and radical, not reactionary, impetus. In 2000, Billy childish and Charles ...

                                               

The Seven Lamps of Architecture

Seven lamps of architecture is an extended essay, first published in may 1849 and wrote the English critic and art theorist John Ruskin. Lights of the title are Ruskins principles of architecture, which he later expanded in the three-volume the s ...

                                               

Shape grammar

Shape Grammars in computation of a certain class of production systems that create geometric shapes. As a rule, form 2 - or 3-dimensional, so the shape grammar method of studying 2 - and 3-dimensional languages. The base shape grammars were defin ...

                                               

Space in landscape design

Space in landscape design refers to theories about the meaning and nature of space as a volume and as a design element. The concept of space as basic means of landscape design grew from debates tied to modernism, contemporary art, Asian art and d ...

                                               

Space syntax

The term space syntax encompasses a set of theories and methods for the analysis of spatial configurations. It was conceived by bill Hillier, julienne by Hansen and his colleagues at the Bartlett, University College London in the late 1970s and e ...

                                               

Spatial network

A spatial network is a graph where vertices and edges are the spatial elements associated with geometric objects, i.e. nodes located in space equipped with a certain metric. A simple mathematical implementation of grid or random geometric graph, ...

                                               

Team 10

Team 10 – how often called team X or team ten was a group of architects and other invited participants who assembled starting in July 1953 at the 9th Congress of the International Congress on modern architecture and created a split in CIAM by cha ...

                                               

Telesis

Telesis or "development plans" concept and Neologism coined by the American sociologist Lester Frank ward, at the end of the 19th century to describe directed social advancement through education and the scientific method. The term was adopted as ...

                                               

The Primitive Hut

The primitive hut is a concept that explores the origins of architecture and its practice. The concept explores the anthropological relationship between humans and the natural environment as the fundamental basis for creating the architecture. Th ...

                                               

Truth to materials

True to the tenets of modern architecture, which considers that each material should be used where it is most appropriate and its nature should not be hidden. Concrete, therefore, should not be painted, and thus its construction should be celebra ...

                                               

Christopher Tunnard

Arthur Koni Tunnard, later known as Christopher Tunnard, was a native of Canada landscape architect, garden designer, urban planner, author of gardens in the modern landscape.

                                               

Typology (urban planning and architecture)

In the field of urban planning and architecture, typology is a taxonomic classification of the characteristics usually found in buildings and districts, according to their Association with different categories, such as intensity of development, d ...

                                               

Universal design

Universal design is the design of buildings, products or environments to make them accessible to all people, regardless of age, disability or other factors. The term "universal design" was coined by architect Ronald Mace to discuss all products a ...

                                               

Vastu shastra

Vastu Shastra is the traditional Indian system of architecture, originating in India, which literally translates as "science of architecture". These texts, found in the Indian subcontinent, which describe the principles of design, layout, measure ...

                                               

Visibility graph analysis

In architecture, the visibility of the graphical analysis is a method of analyzing inter-visibility connections within buildings or urban networks. Chart of the visibility analysis was developed based on the theory of space syntax by Turner and o ...

                                               

Vitruvian module

A module is a term in use among Roman architects, corresponding to the radius of the column at its base. This term was first outlined by Vitruvius, and has been used by architects in the Italian Renaissance to determine the relative proportions o ...

                                               

Wayfinding

Decals covers all the ways in which people Orient themselves in physical space and navigate from place to place.

                                               

Xanadu Houses

The Xanadu houses, a series of experimental homes built to showcase examples of computers and automation in the home in the United States. The architectural project began in 1979 and the early 1980s three houses were built in different parts of t ...

                                               

History of art

The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes. Visual art can be classified in diverse ways, such as separating fine arts from applied arts, inclusively focusing on human creativity, or focusing on dif ...

                                               

Periods in Western art history

This is a chronological list of periods in the history of Western art. An art period is a phase in the development of the work of an artist groups of artists or art movement.

                                               

Table of years in art

Table of years in art is a tabular display of all years in art, for overview and quick navigation to any year. Contents: 2000s - 1900s - 1800s - 1700s - 1600s - 1500s - 1400s - 1300s - 1200s - 1100s - 1000s - 900s - Other

                                               

Timeline of art

This page indexes the individual year in art pages see Also at different periods of time. This is a list of just the fine arts, music see timeline of musical events. 2020-x – 2010s – 2000s – 1990s – 1980s – 1970s – 1960s – 1950s – 1940s – 1930s – ...

                                               

Accession Day tilt

The date of bends, a series of sophisticated celebrations is held annually at the court of Elizabeth I of England to celebrate her accession day, 17 November, also known as Queens day. Tilts combined theatrical elements with jousting, in which El ...

                                               

Achaemenid art

                                               

Aesthetic canon

Therefore, the norms of an era, of what is or is not considered beautiful can be called a Canon of beauty. These rules have varied over time and what is considered beautiful in one era may not be so in another. The canons of beauty to trace the e ...

                                               

Altermodern

Altermodern, a portmanteau word defined by Nicolas Bourriaud, is an attempt at contextualizing art in the current global context as a reaction against standardization and commercialism. It is also the title of Tate Britains fourth Triennial curat ...

                                               

Aniconism in Buddhism

From the beginning a serious study of the history of Buddhist art in the 1890-ies, in the initial phase, which will last until the 1st century ad, has been described as iconoclastic, the Buddha was only represented through symbols like an empty t ...

                                               

Animal studies

Animal studies is a recently recognized field in which animals are studied in various interdisciplinary ways. Scientists who participate in animal studies may be formally trained in a variety of fields, including geography, art history, anthropol ...

                                               

Animalier school

The zoo school or zoo movement was about in the late 18th century to the end of the movement of the 19th century and art school, which took as their subject matter in various visual forms of the animal Kingdom or the animal Kingdom. The move is m ...

                                               

List of anonymous masters

Only in the Renaissance did individual artists in Western Europe to buy of individuals, known to his colleagues some listed by Vasari in his lives of the artists, such as known: Filippino Lippi after his father fra Filippo Lippi. His true name or ...

                                               

Anthropology of art

Anthropology of art is a sub-field in social anthropology dedicated to the study of art in different cultural contexts. The anthropology of art focuses on historical, economic and aesthetic aspects in non-Western art forms, including what is know ...

                                               

AP Art History

Additional items: art history courses art history course and exam the College Board. AP Art history is designed to allow students to examine major forms of artistic expression relevant to a variety of cultures, manifested in different periods fro ...

                                               

Archaeological science

Archaeological science, also known as archaeometry, is the application of scientific methods of analysis to archaeological materials, to assist in the Dating of the materials. This is due to the methods of archaeology. Martinon Torres and Killick ...

                                               

Art Historical Photo Archives

Art historical photo archives sets of reproductions of works of art, paintings, documents, drawings, prints, sculpture, architecture and sometimes installation photos. They are an important tool for the study of art history. Image collections dee ...

                                               

Art movement

An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a specific period of time, or, at least, with the heyday of the movement defined within a number of years. Art was espe ...

                                               

Art Workers News and Art & Artists

Art workers news, Also known as the art and artists were very influential artist-run publication of the Foundation for community artists, an organization that grew out of the National art workers community. From 1971 to 1989, the publication of t ...

                                               

Artistic revolution

Throughout history, forms of art have gone through periodic abrupt changes called artistic revolutions. Movement end to be replaced by a new movement markedly different in striking ways. Cm. also cultural movements.

                                               

Artstor

Artstor is a non-profit organization that builds and distributes the digital library, an online resource of over 2 million images in the arts, architecture, Humanities and Sciences, and shared shelf, a web cataloging images and software managemen ...

                                               

Association of Art Historians

Association of art historians promotes the professional practice and understanding of art history. It was formed in 1974 and is based in London, England, and is a registered charity.

                                               

Banner of Peace

The banner of Peace is a symbol of the Roerich Pact. This Treaty is the first international Treaty dedicated to protection of artistic and scientific institutions and historical monuments. He was signed on 15 April 1935. The banner of Peace was p ...

                                               

Baroque painting

Baroque painting in painting associated with the cultural movement of Baroque. The movement is often identified with absolutism, the Counter reformation and Catholic Revival, but the existence of important art and architecture in traditional styl ...

                                               

Britain's Lost Masterpieces

The British lost masterpieces is the actual four series of Bi-bi-si, which is designed to uncover forgotten masterpieces in public collections in conjunction with art in the UK. He is represented by Bendor Grosvenor and companion. In series 1 it ...

                                               

Buddhist art

Buddhist art is the artistic practices that are influenced by Buddhism. It includes art media which depict Buddhas Bodhisattvas and other bodies of notable Buddhist figures, both historical and mythical, narrative scenes from the life of all thes ...

                                               

Canadian Conservation Institute

Canadian Institute of preservation of special operating Agency of the Federal Department of canadian heritage. CCI conducts research, information and services relating to the protection and preservation of cultural values. Materials and processin ...

                                               

Catalogue raisonne

The reason the catalog is an annotated list of all the known works of the artist, in particular medium or all media. The work described in such a way that they can be reliably identified by third parties. There are many variations, broader and na ...

                                               

Categories for the Description of Works of Art

Categories for descriptions of works of art describes the content of art databases, formulation of a conceptual framework for describing and accessing information about works of art, architecture, other material culture, groups and collections of ...

                                               

CINOA Prize

The composition of the CINOA prize is a prize awarded annually by art historians composition of CINOA, the International Confederation of art dealers, "in recognition of a scientific publication or a remarkable contribution to the further develop ...

                                               

Classificatory disputes about art

Art critics and philosophers of art have long had classificatory disputes about art about whether a particular cultural form or piece of work should be classified as art. Disputes about what does and doesnt be considered as art continue to occur ...

                                               

Codicology

Codicology-study of manuscripts, or of manuscripts written on parchment, as physical objects. It is often called the archaeology of the book, concerning myself with materials and techniques that are used for books, including their binding. No cle ...

                                               

Comite International d'Histoire de l'Art

Committee of the International dHistoire de Lart is an international Committee which seeks to improve art historical research. It was created in 1930 with the aim of developing a historical and methodological study of artistic activities and prod ...

                                               

Commission for Looted Art in Europe

Commission for looted art in Europe is a non-profit organization that researches looted art, and helps to develop a policy of restitution, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. It was organized in 1999. Anne Webber and David Lewis are the c ...

                                               

Connoisseur

Expert spelling of connaisseur, from middle-French connoistre, then connaitre means "to be familiar with" or "to know somebody / something.") this is a man who has a lot of knowledge of the fine arts, cuisines, or judge-an expert in matters of ta ...

                                               

Conservation and restoration of plastic objects

Conservation and restoration of objects made of plastics is an activity dedicated to the preservation of objects of historical and personal value made from plastic. When applied to cultural heritage this activity, as a rule, the conservator-resto ...

                                               

Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage

Conservation and restoration of cultural heritage aimed at the protection and care of tangible cultural heritage, including artwork, architecture, archaeology, and Museum collections. Environmental activities include preventive conservation, exam ...

                                               

Conservator-restorer

Conservator-restorer is a professional who is responsible for the preservation of artistic and cultural values, also known as cultural heritage. Restorers have experience in preservation of cultural heritage in such a way that preserves the integ ...

                                               

Contrapposto

The contrapposto is an Italian term, which means the counterweight. It is used in the visual arts to describe a human figure standing with weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off axis from hips and legs to the axial plane. The ...

                                               

Counter-Maniera

The counter - method, or against the mannerism is the term in art history trend identified by some art historians in the 16th century Italian painting that forms a sub-category or phase of mannerism, the dominant movement in Italian art in the pe ...

                                               

History of the concept of creativity

The ways in which society perceives the concept of creativity has changed throughout history, as the term itself. The ancient Greek concept of art, with the exception of poetry, involved not freedom of action but subjection to rules. In Rome, the ...

                                               

Art criticism

Art criticism is the discussion or evaluation of visual art. Critics usually criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. The purpose of art criticism is the pursuit of a rational basis for the perception of art, but it is ...

                                               

List of art critics

This is an incomplete list of art critics enumerates persons who had or have a significant portion of their famous creativity in the form of art criticism, consisting mainly of written discussions and aesthetic evaluation of works of art.

                                               

Cultural depictions of the dog

Cultural depictions of dogs stretching back thousands of years when dogs were portrayed on the walls of caves. The presentation of dogs in art has become more challenging as individual breeds evolved and the relationship between human and dog dev ...

                                               

De Prospectiva pingendi

The De Prospectiva pingendi about the prospect of painting is the earliest and only pre-1500 Renaissance treatise devoted exclusively to the subject of Perspective. It was written by the Italian master Piero della Francesca in the mid-1470-ies in ...

                                               

Dendrochronology

Dendrochronology is a scientific method of Dating tree rings to precisely they were formed. And to meet them in this can give data for dendroclimatology, the study of climate and atmospheric conditions during different periods in the history of t ...

                                               

Destruction of Mosul Museum artifacts

The destruction of Mosul Museum artifacts became publicly known on February 26, 2015, when the group known as the Islamic state has released a video showing their destruction.

                                               

Detachment of wall paintings

Squad wall involves removing a mural painting from which it entered. Once a common practice, with the transition to conservation in place, detachment is now largely restricted to cases where the only alternative is total loss. According to the In ...

                                               

German Center for Art History

German Center for the history of art is an independent art history research Institute. Located in the heart of Paris, DFK Paris-this is a forum for experts from around the world to exchange ideas. Here the French and German intellectual tradition ...

                                               

Dictionary of Art Historians

Dictionary of art historians is an online encyclopedia of topics relating to art historians, art critics and their dictionaries. The mission of the project is to provide free, reliable English-language information on the published art. In Dah was ...

                                               

Drapery

Drapery is a General word referring to cloth or textiles. It may refer to cloth used for decorative purposes – for example, around Windows or retailing cloth, originally mostly for clothing, formerly conducted by drapers. In art history, drapery ...

                                               

Effets de soir

Effets de Soir are lighting effects caused by the sunset, twilight, or darkness in the early evening or Matins. They often appear in the works of such artists as Vincent van Gogh, Bernhard fries, Armand Emma, and Camille Corot. Literally, it mean ...

                                               

Art of Europe

The art of Europe or Western art covers the art history in Europe. European prehistoric art started as mobile rock, and the upper Paleolithic cave painting and petroglyphs art, and was characteristic of the period between the Paleolithic and the ...

                                               

Expertization

Expertization is the process of identifying an object, as a rule, kind, collected, in an individual organ or Committee of the authority. The expert or expert Committee, considering the collectible and issue a certificate typically including: Iden ...

                                               

Fake or Fortune?

Fake or fortune? this Bi-bi-si one television series that explores the origin and attribution of notable artworks. With the first series aired in 2011, fake or fortune? has attracted an audience of 5 million viewers in the UK, with a high for the ...

                                               

Figura serpentinata

Figura serpentinata style in painting and sculpture, intended to make the figure seem more dynamic, which is typical of mannerism. Its similar, but not identical, to contrapposto, and features figures often in a spiral pose. Early examples can be ...

                                               

The First Moderns

The first modern people: profiles in the Origins of twentieth century thought that this is a book about postmodernism historian William Everdell, published in 1997 at the University of Chicago press. The famous book new York times 1997, and is pa ...

                                               

History of flower arrangement

The earliest known flower arranging dates back to Ancient Egypt. The Egyptians decorated with flowers in 2.500 year BC. They regularly placed cut flowers in vases, and stylized activities were used during burials, for processions, and simply as t ...

                                               

Forensic astronomy

Forensic Astronomy is the use of astronomy, the scientific study of celestial objects to define the appearance of the sky at a certain time in the past. This has been used, if relatively rarely, in forensic science and permission of the historica ...

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