Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 319

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 319

                                               

Noogenesis

NOO UK: US: – from the Greek νόος, has synonyms in other languages 智慧 Chinese, is a term that currently includes the semantics of: mind, intelligence, intellect, reason, wisdom, insight, intuition, thought, in one phenomenon. Noogenesis is firs ...

                                               

Noosphere

Noosphere-is a philosophical concept developed and popularized by the French philosopher and Jesuit priest Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and V. I. Vernadsky, the biogeochemist. V. I. Vernadsky defined the noosphere as a new state of the biosphere an ...

                                               

Oneironautics

Oneironautics refers to the ability to travel in the dream on a conscious basis. Such a traveler in a dream can be called an oneironaut.

                                               

Perception

Perception is the organization, identification and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the information presented, or the environment. All perception involves signals which go through the nervous system, whic ...

                                               

Personality

Personality is defined as characteristic sets of behavior, cognitions, and emotional structures that develop from the biological and environmental factors. While there is no agreed definition of personality, most theories focus on motivation and ...

                                               

Primacy of mind

The belief in the primacy of mind is a ubiquitous element in the history of ideas. In this view, the mind or soul is not only the basis for explaining reality, but is the only conceivable explanation, not so subtle and sublime as reason and moral ...

                                               

Psychonautics

Psychonautics refers both to a methodology for describing and explaining the subjective effects of altered States of consciousness, particularly important subgroup called holotropic States, including those caused by meditation, or psychotropic su ...

                                               

Pure thought

Pure thought is an English translation of an expression originally attributed to Kant and Hegel. Their use of the German partner revolved around the question of whether pure thought can exist without an object or some material. Today the most pop ...

                                               

Qualia

In philosophy and some models of psychology, qualia are defined as individual instances of subjective, conscious experience. The term qualia is derived from the Latin neuter plural of Latin adjectives quālis the value of "what" or "what" in a spe ...

                                               

Reason

The reason is the capacity consciously making sense of things applying logic and adaptation or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information. It is closely linked to these characteristic human activities as ...

                                               

Soul

The soul, in many philosophical, religious and mythological traditions, is the incorporeal essence of a living being. The soul or psyche encompasses the mental faculties of a living being: mind, nature, feelings, consciousness, memory, perception ...

                                               

Object (philosophy)

In modern philosophy, an object is something usually considered, in contrast to the subject. The subject-observer and the object is a thing observed. For modern philosophers like Descartes, consciousness is a state of cognition that includes the ...

                                               

Hole

A hole is a hole, usually Round, in or through a particular material, usually a solid. Openings occur through natural and artificial processes, and can be useful for different purposes, or can represent a problem that must be addressed in many ar ...

                                               

Organization

The organization or organization is an organization that includes several people, such as companies or organizations that have a specific purpose. The word is derived from the Greek word "Organon", which means tool or instrument, musical instrume ...

                                               

Boundary organization

The boundaries of the organization is formal authority, jointly generated by the scientific and policy communities to coordinate different objectives and to promote consistent boundaries and mutually incomprehensible interactions. The boundaries ...

                                               

Organizational footprint

                                               

People

Different States govern and claim to rule in the name of the people. Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term Senatus Populusque Roman Senate and people of Rome. This term was assigned is abbreviated S. P. Q. R., the Roman ...

                                               

Person

Man is a creature that has certain abilities or attributes, such as intelligence, morality, consciousness and identity, and being part of culturally established forms of social relations such as kinship, ownership of property, or legal liability. ...

                                               

Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of General and fundamental questions of existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Such questions are often posed as problems that need to be studied and solved. This term likely coined by Pythagoras. Philos ...

                                               

Absolute and relative terms

The distinction between absolute and relative indicators was introduced by Peter Unger in his article, 1971 defense of skepticism and distinguishes the terms which, in the most literal sense, does not admit of degrees, and those that do. Accordin ...

                                               

Apeiron

Apeiron is a Greek word meaning "unlimited," "boundless", "infinite" or "indefinite" from ἀ - a -, "without" and πεῖραρ peirar, "end, limit", "border", the Ionic Greek form of πέρας peras, "end, limit, boundary". This is akin to the Persian piram ...

                                               

Axiology

Axiology is the philosophical study of values. It is either the collective term for ethics and aesthetics philosophical fields that crucially depend on notions of worth, or the basis for these fields, and thus similar to value theory and meta-eth ...

                                               

Biosophy

Biosophy, meaning wisdom of life, is "the science and art of intelligent living based on the awareness and practice of spiritual values, ethical-social principles and character qualities essential to individual freedom and social harmony". It is ...

                                               

Les Chemins de la philosophie

Forest road de La Philosophie 2017) French programme philosophy daily radio France culture and presented adèle van Reeth. In 2017, the show is the podcast of the radio station.

                                               

Dialogical logic

Dialogical logic was conceived as a pragmatic approach to the semantics of logic, which uses concepts of game theory such as "win the game" and "winning strategy". Since dialogical logic was the first approach to the semantics of logic based on i ...

                                               

Dualism (cybernetics)

Dualism in Cybernetics refers to systems or problems in which one or more intelligent opponents try to use the weaknesses of the investigator. Examples may include game-play opponent, adversarial law, evolutionary systems of predator / parasite a ...

                                               

Epistemic cultures

Epistemic culture concept, developed in the nineties of the anthropologist Karin Knorr Cetina in her book Epistemic cultures, how science knowledge. The opposite of a monistic vision of scientific activity, Knorr Cetina defines epistemic cultures ...

                                               

Fides quaerens intellectum

Fides quaerens intellectum means "faith seeking understanding" or "faith seeking understanding." This theological method was emphasized by Augustine and Anselm of Canterbury, in which one begins with faith and on the basis of faith goes to the un ...

                                               

Hellenistic philosophy

Hellenistic philosophy is the period of Western philosophy and Eastern philosophy, which was developed in the Hellenistic period, after Aristotle and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism.

                                               

International Philosophical Bibliography

International philosophical literature, also known in French as the repertoire bibliographique de La Philosophie, is a bibliographic database covering publications on the history of philosophy and continental philosophy. The database consists of ...

                                               

Toril Moi

Toril Moy, James B. Duke Professor of literature and romance studies and Professor of English, philosophy and theater studies at Duke University. Mine is also Director of the Center for philosophy, art and literature at Duke. As a student, she at ...

                                               

Moral rationalism

Moral rationalism, also called ethical rationalism, is a view in meta-ethics according to which moral principles are knowable a priori, because. Some prominent figures in the history of philosophy who have defended moral rationalism of Plato and ...

                                               

Paradox

Paradox, also known as an antinomy, is logically self-contradictory statement or a statement which is contrary to the expectations of loved ones. The statement that, despite the apparently acts on the basis of true premises leads to the seemingly ...

                                               

Philosophical ethology

Philosophical ethology is a field of interdisciplinary research that collects natural Sciences, social Sciences, Humanities and focused on the subjectivity of animals. This is an ontological concept requiring philosophical choice, not a descripti ...

                                               

Medium essentialism

Medium essentialism is the philosophical theory that every form of art has its own medium, and that the essence of such works of art depends on its specific media. In practice, the theory asserts that any work should manifest its essential proper ...

                                               

Philosophy of death

                                               

Polanyi’s paradox

Polanyis paradox, named after the British-Hungarian philosopher Michael Polanyi, is the theory that human knowledge about how the world works and opportunities, in large measure, beyond our immediate comprehension. Theory was formulated by Michae ...

                                               

Preference

In psychology, Economics and philosophy, preference is a technical term usually used in relation to the choice between alternatives. For example, some people prefer more if they would prefer to choose than B. Preference can also be used in the co ...

                                               

Process philosophy

The philosophy of the process - also ontology of becoming, processism, or the philosophy of the body - identifies metaphysical reality with change. In opposition to the classical model of change as accidental or illusory, process philosophy regar ...

                                               

Projet de communaute philosophe

The project communaute thinker is a book written by the French philosopher Victor dHupay, published in 1777.

                                               

Pseudophilosophy

According to Christopher Heumann, 18th-century scholar, pseudo-philosophy has six characteristics: It syncretises philosophy with superstition. He only appeals to human authority. He appeals to tradition, not a cause. A preference for useless spe ...

                                               

The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters

The sleep of reason produces monsters is an etching by the Spanish painter and printmaker Francisco Goya. Created between 1797 and 1799 in the Diario de Madrid, he was in 43rd place out of 80 etchings composing satiric Los Caprichos. Many assume ...

                                               

Truth

However, this most often means being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard. However, often defined in modern terms the idea of "truth" or authenticity. However, as a rule, is the opposite of falsehood, which, cons ...

                                               

Virtue

Virtue is moral excellence. A virtue is a trait or quality that is considered morally good and therefore valued as a Foundation of principle and good moral being. Personal virtues are characteristics valued as promoting collective and individual ...

                                               

Society

Society is a group of individuals involved in continuous social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant culture. Societies are characterized ...

                                               

Contemporary society

Modern society, according to sociologists, political scientists, characterized by at least three main areas: The pace and depth of the evolution of human way of life determined by technological innovation represent an absolute novelty in the hist ...

                                               

Family

In the context of human society, a family is a group of people related either by blood or by marriage. The purpose of the family is to safeguard the welfare of its members and society. Ideally, families offer predictability, structure, and securi ...

                                               

Foodservice

Catering or catering industry defines those businesses, institutions, and companies responsible for any meal prepared outside the home. This industry includes restaurants, schools and hospitals, café and catering and many other formats. Companies ...

                                               

Human communication

Human communication, or anthroposemiotics, is the field to understand how people communicate. Human communication is based on cooperation and shared intent. People have the ability, communications, and other animals. Being able to communicate asp ...

                                               

Industrial society

In sociology, industrial society is a society ruled through the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labour. Such a structure developed in the Western world in the period ...

                                               

Origins of society

The origins of society - the evolutionary emergence of distinctively human social organization - is an important topic in evolutionary biology, anthropology, prehistory and archeology of the Paleolithic. While little is known of the debates since ...

                                               

Parallel society

In parallel, the company refers to the self-organization of ethnic or religious minorities, often but not always immigrant groups, with the purpose of decreasing or minimum spatial, social and cultural ties with the majority society in which they ...

                                               

Planetary consciousness

Planetary consciousness is the idea that people are members of a planetary society of earth as much as they are members of their Nations, regions, districts, Islands, cities or villages.

                                               

Power structure

Power structure-is a holistic system of influence between any individual and any other person in any selected group of people. A description of the structure of power seizure of power or authority is distributed among people in groups, such as st ...

                                               

Risk society

The risk society is the manner in which modern society organizes in response to risk. This term is closely associated with several key writers of modernity, in particular Ulrich Beck and A. Giddens. The term was coined in the 1980-ies and of its ...

                                               

Societal marketing

Social marketing is a marketing concept, which holds that a company should make marketing decisions not only considering consumers wants, the companys needs but also societys long-term interests. Social marketing concept believes that the organiz ...

                                               

Stateless society

A society without citizenship, is a society that is not regulated by the government, or, especially in General American English, has no government. In societies that do not have citizenship, there is little concentration of power, most positions ...

                                               

Trade

Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or organization to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to the system or network, which allows you to trade on the market. An early form of trade, barter, saw the ...

                                               

List of professional sports

This is a list of professional sports is the sports that support one or more professional athletes by profession. These sports also have an active community of players from which to grow better, to become professionals.

                                               

List of sports

Below is the list of sports and sports games, divided by category. According to the world sports encyclopedia 2003 there are the 8.000 indigenous sports and sporting games.

                                               

Universe

The universe is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxies and other forms of matter and energy. While the spatial size of the Universe is unknown, it is possible to measure the size of the visible Universe, whic ...

                                               

World

The world the planet Earth and all life on it, including human civilization. In the philosophical context of "the world" is the entire physical universe, or an ontological world. In a theological context, in the material world or in the sphere of ...

                                               

Demographics of the world

Demographic indicators of countries of the world include population density, ethnicity, education level, measures of health, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of human population. The worlds overall population density is 5 ...

                                               

Ecumene

Of the known world or ecumene, the ancient Greek term for well-known, inhabited, or the inhabited world. During the Roman Empire, he began to treat of the civilization and religious and secular Imperial administration. Currently use, it is most o ...

                                               

Global brain

Global brain-the neuroscience-inspired and futuristic concept of the planetary communications network that connects all people and their technological artifacts. In this network of stores more and more information assumes more and more functions, ...

                                               

Global change

Global change refers to planetary scale changes in the Earth system. The system consists of land, ocean, atmosphere, polar regions, life, the planets, natural cycles and underlying processes. These components influence each other. System of the E ...

                                               

Global commons

The public domain is a term usually used to refer to the international, supranational, and global resource domains in which common pool resources are found. The global Commons includes the earths shared natural resources, such as high oceans, atm ...

                                               

Global Internet usage

In 2015, the international telecommunications Union estimates, about 3.2 billion people, or almost half the worlds population will be online by the end of the year. Of these, about 2 billion are from developing countries, including 89 million fro ...

                                               

Global network

A global network is any communication network which spans the entire Earth. The term used in this article refers in a more restricted way to bidirectional communication networks, and technology networks. In early networks, such as international m ...

                                               

Global news flow

Global news flow is a research area that deals with news about events in foreign countries. It describes and explains the flow of news from one country to another. Studies on global news flows, as a rule, trying to understand why some countries a ...

                                               

International communication

International communication is a communication practice that occurs across international borders. The need for international communication in connection with the increasing influence and impact of globalization. As a field of study, international ...

                                               

International community

The international community is a phrase used in geopolitics and international relations to refer to a wide group of people and governments around the world. It does not literally apply to all Nations or States in the world. The term is usually us ...

                                               

Midgard

In the Germanic cosmology, Midgard is the name for the lands inhabited by and known to humans in early Germanic cosmology. The old Norse form plays a significant role in Nordic cosmology.

                                               

Study of global communication

The study of global communication is a multidisciplinary field focusing on the world of communication, or the ways in which people interact, communicate, relate to mobilization and in different geographical, political, economic, social and cultur ...

                                               

World energy consumption

World energy consumption-total energy produced and used throughout human civilization. Typically measured per year it involves all energy from every energy source applied towards humanity and the effort of all industrial and technological sectors ...

                                               

World news

World news or international news or even foreign coverage is media jargon for news from abroad, about a country or a global subject. For journalism, this is the branch that deals with news either sent by foreign correspondents or news agencies, o ...

                                               

World to come

In the world to come, age to come, and heaven on Earth are eschatological phrases reflecting the belief that the current world or current age is flawed or cursed and will be replaced in the future, a better world, age, or Paradise. The concept is ...

                                               

World war

World war is "war is involved in all or most major countries of the world." While global conflicts have been subjectively considered to be "world wars", as, for example, the cold war and the war on terror, the term is widely and generally accepte ...

                                               

Art

Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory and performing artifacts, expressing the authors creative, conceptual ideas or technical skill, is meant to be appreciated for their beauty and emotional power. Other activit ...

                                               

The arts

Art refers to the theory and physical expressions of creativity found in human cultures and societies. The main components of art include fine art, literature, and art. Some art forms combine a visual element with performance, for example, cinema ...

                                               

Work of art

A work of art, artwork, art work, art work or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation. In addition to "works of art" that can be used of any work regarded as art in its widest sense, including works of literature and music, ...

                                               

Acknowledgment (creative arts and sciences)

In the creative and the scientific literature, recognition is an expression of gratitude for assistance in creating original works. Getting a loan by way of recognition, not of the authorship means that a person or organization does not have a di ...

                                               

Adaptation (arts)

Adaptation is the translation of a work of art from one medium to another. Some common examples: Theatrical adaptation, a story from another work, adapted into the game. The film adaptation, a story from another work, adapted into a film. Literar ...

                                               

Aesthetic relativism

Aesthetic relativism is the idea that ideas of beauty relative to the differences in perception and attention, and in fact, no absolute truth or validity.

                                               

Anthropotechnic

Anthropotechnic is a term used in art, science and literature, to denote aspects of both man and machine. In this case, he argued that "change" is no set limit, but instead opens an infinite horizon, which is so wide and boundless as human wishes ...

                                               

Art world

The art world includes everyone who is involved in the production, commissioning, performance, preservation, promotion, News, criticism, and sale of fine art.

                                               

Artes mechanicae

Artes mechanicae is a medieval concept of ordered practices or skills, often combined with the traditional seven liberal arts. Also called "servile" and "vulgar", from antiquity they were considered unworthy for a free man, as offices baser needs.

                                               

Artist-in-residence

The artist-in-residence programs exist to invite artists, scientists, curators, and stay at the facility. For example, a large Church was often the organist in residence or "organist," which is by default, when a body is needed or used. Similarly ...

                                               

Artist's impression

Impression artists interpretation, artists, or performance artists is a representation of an object or scene created by the artist, when no other accurate representation is available. It can be an image, sound, video, or model. Experience artists ...

                                               

Artist's portfolio

The portfolio of artists a selection of their best artwork intended to showcase the artists style or way of working. Portfolio is used by artists to show employers their versatility by showing different samples of current work. Typically, the wor ...

                                               

Artistic freedom

Creative freedom can be defined as "the freedom to imagine, to create and distribute various forms of cultural expression, free from state censorship, political interference or pressure on non-state actors". In General, creative freedom determine ...

                                               

Artistic license

Artistic license means a deviation from the fact or shape for artistic purposes. This may include a change in the rules of grammar or language, or repeat existing texts.

                                               

Arts and letters

Arts and literature is the traditional term for the visual arts and literature, considered together. Category is defined as "art and letters" can also include art, Fine arts, or Humanities.

                                               

The arts and politics

There is a close relationship between art and politics, particularly between various kinds of art and power, from different historical periods and cultures. How they react to current events and politics, the arts take on political as well as soci ...

                                               

Arts criticism

Art criticism is the process of describing, analyzing, interpreting, and judging works of art. It differs from art criticism because of its greater power. The discipline of art criticism can be defined, the object is considered, not the methodolo ...

                                               

Bibliography of encyclopedias: art and artists

This is a list of encyclopedias and encyclopedic / biographical dictionaries published on the subject of art and artist in any language. Write in English unless otherwise stated.

                                               

Carving

Carving is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of this material. The technique can be applied to any material that is firm enough to keep form even when pieces have been removed from it, and yet gen ...

                                               

Community arts

The art community, also sometimes known as "dialogical art", "community-engaged art" or "community art" refers to the practice of art and is created in the community. Works in this form can be of any media and are characterized by interaction or ...

                                               

Composer

A composer is a musician who is author of music in any form, including vocal music, instrumental music, electronic music, and music that combines several forms. A composer can create music in any musical genre, including classical music, musical ...

                                               

Computational creativity

Computational creativity is a multidisciplinary project, which is located at the intersection of the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, philosophy and art. The goal of computational creativity model, simulate or replicate cr ...

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