Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 311

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 311

                                               

Legal history

Legal history and the history of law is the study of how law has evolved and why it changed. Legal history is closely connected with the development of civilization and is situated in the broader context of social history. Among certain jurists a ...

                                               

List of fields of doctoral studies in the United States

This is the list of fields of doctoral studies in the United States is used for the annual survey of earned doctorates, conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago for the National science Foundation and other Federal agencies used for examina ...

                                               

Liturgics

Liturgics is the academic discipline devoted to the study of the Liturgy. Liturgics scholars typically spetsializiruyutsya in one approach to extract from another scientific field. The most common sub-disciplines: history or Church history, theol ...

                                               

Māori science

Science Maori called te Pūtaiao māori, is a scientific discipline at the intersection of Western science and mātauranga māori. It can be seen as the decolonization of science. Science is practiced by the Maori the Maori people the natives of New ...

                                               

Medical entomology

The discipline of medical entomology, or public health entomology, and veterinary entomology focused on insects and arthropods that affect human health. Veterinary entomology is included in this category, because many animal diseases can "jump sp ...

                                               

Philology

Philology is the study of language in written historical sources, it is at the crossroads of textual criticism, literary studies, history and linguistics. Pedagogy is most often defined as the study of literary texts, and oral and written evidenc ...

                                               

Politics in education

As an academic discipline the study of politics in education has two main roots: the first root is based on theories of political science while the second root leg in organizational theory. Political science tries to explain how societies and soc ...

                                               

Postgraduate research

Research postgraduates is the official research area, which is recognized University or Institute of higher education. By definition, the concept" PhD student” means that the candidate undertake such studies already completed formal masters degre ...

                                               

Praxeology

Praxeology or praxiology, the meaning of action and -λογία, meaning study) is the study of human action based on the fact that people are engaged in goal-oriented behavior in contrast to reflexive behavior like sneezing and unintended behavior. T ...

                                               

Public interest design

Public interest design, human-centred and collaborative design experience that focuses on the" Trinity” of sustainable design that includes ecological, economic and social issues and on designing products, structures and systems, considers such i ...

                                               

Social savings

Social economy-a growth accounting methods to assess the historical implications of new technologies on economic growth. Established in 1950, an American economic historian and scientist Robert Fogel, explains the work methodology for evaluating ...

                                               

Social work

Social work is an academic discipline and profession that is associated with individuals, families, groups and communities to improve social functioning and overall well-being. Social functioning is the way in which people perform their social ro ...

                                               

Sustainability studies

The study of sustainability focuses on an interdisciplinary perspective the concept of sustainable development. Programs include training in sustainable development, geography, environmental policy, ethics, ecology, landscape architecture, urban ...

                                               

Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for achieving human development whilst maintaining the ability of natural systems to provide natural resources and ecosystem services on the basis of which economy and society depend. The desire ...

                                               

Textual scholarship

Textual scholarship is an umbrella term for disciplines that deal with describing, transcribing, editing and annotating texts and physical documents.

                                               

Utopian studies

Utopian studies is an interdisciplinary field of study that examines utopianism in all its forms, including utopian politics, utopian literature and art, utopian theory, and international communities. The term utopia Thomas Moore in the book of t ...

                                               

Visual communication

Visual communication is the transmission of ideas and information in forms that can be seen. Visual communication in part or completely relies on vision. Visual communication is a broad range, which includes signs, typography, drawing, graphic de ...

                                               

Business

Business is an activity, making them living or to earn money by producing or buying and selling products. Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into a profit. That doesnt mean this company, Corporation, partnership, or have any su ...

                                               

Business acumen

Business acumen is keenness and quickness in understanding and dealing with the "business situation" in a manner that is likely to lead to a good result. Additionally, business acumen has emerged as a means of improving financial performance and ...

                                               

Business directory

A business directory is a website or printed information that lists businesses in niche categories. Businesses can be classified by niche, location, activity, or size. Business may be compiled either manually or through automated online search so ...

                                               

Business economics

Business Economics-area of applied Economics which uses economic theory and quantitative methods to analyze business enterprises and the factors contributing to the diversity of organizational structures and the relationships of firms with labour ...

                                               

Business for Peace Foundation

Business for peace is a non-profit organization based in Oslo, Norway. Each year, the Foundation names seven honorary who gets the business, the Oslo peace prize in recognition of their individual and businessworthy outstanding contribution to st ...

                                               

Business guru

Business guru and management guru is a leading expert on business practices and can be defined as people with influential ideas or theories about business. The earliest use of the term business guru can be traced back to the 1960s used in busines ...

                                               

Business idea

The business idea is a concept which can be used for financial gain, which typically focus on a product or service that you can offer for the money. The idea of base of the pyramid when it comes to business in General. Characteristics of promisin ...

                                               

Business interaction networks

Business networks that enable companies and their communities of interest, collaborate and do business online securely via the Internet. Mary Johnston Turner was first discussed the concept in a network of the worlds public opinion in August 1995 ...

                                               

Business sector

In Economics, the business sector and the corporate sector - and some people call just the "business" is "part of the economy made up by companies". This is part of the national economy, excluding the economic activities of the government, privat ...

                                               

Closure (business)

Closure is a term used to refer to actions when there is no need or opportunity for a business or other organization to continue to work. The closure can be a result of the bankruptcy, when an organization does not have sufficient funds to contin ...

                                               

Core business

The main activity of the organization is an idealized construct intended to Express that organizations "main" or "essential" activities. The corporate trend in the mid-20th century of acquiring new enterprises and forming conglomerates enabled co ...

                                               

Fayolism

Fayolism was a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized the role of management in organizations, developed around 1900 by the French management theorist Henri Fayol. It was through Fayols work as a philosopher of administration that he ...

                                               

Giving Candy to Strangers

Growing your business can be fun and easy as. Giving candy to strangers, tips for creating abundance through the heart in the center is the Self-help books about business. The book was written by creative Director Stan Holden, was featured on TV ...

                                               

Marketing strategy

Marketing strategy is a long-term, prospective approach to planning with the primary goal to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Scientists continue to debate the exact meaning of the marketing strategy. Therefore, in the literature ther ...

                                               

OSTO System Model

Model OSTO system is based on the theory OSTO system that understands complex systems and organizations of living systems and displays them using the model OSTO system. The model is cybernetic in nature and follows from the theory of closed loops ...

                                               

Performance effects

Researchers strategy want to understand differences in efficiency. For example, what can explain the difference in performance between Toyota business class, and Samsung mobile phones business? Studies show that only three effects explain a large ...

                                               

Registered office

The legal address is the official address of the company, Association or any other legal entity. Usually it becomes public record and is required in most countries where the registered organization or entity is created. Registered physical office ...

                                               

Religion and business

Religion and business throughout its history interacted in ways that affect and influence each other, and the influence of socio-cultural evolution, political geography, and labor laws. As companies expand globally they are looking for new market ...

                                               

Time management

Time management is the process of planning and implementation of the conscious control of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency and productivity. It involves juggling various human needs related to wo ...

                                               

Viability study

This type of report, analysis of the situation, for example, a problem or opportunity, and plan to do, it determines whether that plan is "feasible." This will require determining that it is technologically possible to achieve and whether it is p ...

                                               

Concept

Concepts are defined as abstract ideas or General notions arising in the mind, in speech or in thought. They are considered the basic building blocks of thoughts and beliefs. They play an important role in all aspects of cognition. As such, the c ...

                                               

Abstract and concrete

Abstract and concrete are classifications that indicate whether the object is, the term describes the physical referents. Abstract objects have no physical nature, while specific objects. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semantics. A ...

                                               

Afro-pessimism

Afropessimism field of thought that takes seriously the historical reality that the darkness is a politically and ontologically coincide with slaveness. According to the 2018 Oxford bibliographical references afropessimism wrote Patrice Douglas, ...

                                               

Category (Kant)

In Kants philosophy, a category is a pure concept of understanding. Categories of Kant is a feature of the appearance of any object in General, before it has been experienced. Kant wrote that "they are concepts of an object in General." Kant also ...

                                               

Category of being

In the ontology, different types or ways of being are called categories of being or simply categories. To study the category of being is to determine the most fundamental and wide classes of entities. The distinction between such categories, crea ...

                                               

Comply or explain

"Comply or explain" regulatory approach used in great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands and other countries in the area of corporate governance and financial control. Instead of binding laws, state regulatory bodies set of code, which listed comp ...

                                               

Concept map

A concept map or conceptual diagram is a diagram that depicts suggested relationships between concepts. It is a graphical tool that instructional designers, engineers, technical writers, and others use to organize and structure knowledge. A conce ...

                                               

Concept-driven strategy

The concept of strategy-a strategy development process that relies on the explanation of how humans inquire provided by linguistic pragmatic philosophy. It asserts that thinking begins with the selection of concepts derived from past experience. ...

                                               

Conceptual combination

Conceptual combination is a fundamental cognitive process whereby two or more existing basic concepts mentally synthesized to create a composite, high-order concept. The products of this process are sometimes referred to as "complex concepts". Th ...

                                               

Conceptual necessity

Conceptual necessity is a property of definiteness, which occurs this situation, some description: it occurs by conceptual necessity if and only if it is simply because of the sense of the description. If someone is a Bachelor, for example, he mu ...

                                               

Conceptual schema

A conceptual scheme of the high-level description of information needs of the business. It generally includes only the main concepts and main relations among them. Typically, this is the first model with insufficient detail to create the actual d ...

                                               

Construction of Concept Map

The concept is generally perceived as a pattern of events or objects, or in their records. When constructing a concept map, it is important to keep in mind that the concept will be built with reference to the focus question. Therefore, initially, ...

                                               

Definitionism

Definitionism is a school of thought which considered that the correct explanation of a theory consists of concepts used by this theory is well defined. This approach has been criticized for his dismissal of the importance of ostensive definition.

                                               

Fuzzy concept

A fuzzy concept is a concept of which the boundaries of application can vary considerably according to context or conditions, instead of being fixed once and for all. This means the concept is vague in some way, lacking a fixed, precise meaning, ...

                                               

Great Conversation

Great conversation is a continuous process, writers and thinkers, abstracting, building and improving the work of their predecessors. This process is characterized by writers in the Western Canon of making comparisons and allusions to the works o ...

                                               

Idea

In philosophy, ideas are usually taken as mental representational images of some object. Ideas can also be abstract concepts that do not present as mental images. Many philosophers have considered ideas of a fundamental ontological category of be ...

                                               

Innatism

Innatism is a philosophical-epistemological doctrine, which holds that the mind is born with ideas / knowledge, and that, therefore, the mind is a "blank slate" at birth, as early empiricists such as John Locke claimed. He argues that not all kno ...

                                               

Intuition

Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge without conscious reasoning. Different authors give the word "intuition" a lot of different values, ranging from direct access to unconscious knowledge, unconscious knowledge, inner sensing, inner und ...

                                               

Jurisprudence of concepts

The jurisprudence of concepts was the first sub-school of legal positivism, according to which, the written law must reflect concepts, when interpreted. Its main representatives were Ihering, Savigny and Puchta. This school was, therefore, the pr ...

                                               

Knowledge arena

The knowledge arena is a virtual space where people can manipulate concepts and relationships to form a concept map. Individuals using a computer with appropriate software can represent concepts and relationships between concepts in a node-relati ...

                                               

Mental image

A mental image or mental picture is the experience that in most cases, significantly similar to the experience of perceiving some object, event, or scene, but occurs when the relevant object, event, or scene is really no feelings. Sometimes attac ...

                                               

Conceptual model

A conceptual model is a representation of the system of the composition of concepts, which are used to help people know understand or simulate a subject the model represents. It is also a set of concepts. Some models are physical objects, for exa ...

                                               

Nonsense

Nonsense is a communication, via speech, writing, or any other symbolic system, that lacks any coherent meaning. Sometimes in ordinary usage, nonsense is synonymous with absurdity or the ridiculous. Many poets, writers and composers have used non ...

                                               

Notion (philosophy)

Such a notion in philosophy is a reflection in the mind of real objects and phenomena in their essential features and relations. The concept is typically described in terms of volume and content. This is because notions are often created in respo ...

                                               

Object of the mind

The object of the mind is an object that exists in the imagination, but which, in the real world can be represented or presented. Some of these objects are abstractions, literary concepts, or imaginary scenarios. Closely related to intentional ob ...

                                               

Organizing principle

The organizing principle is a core assumption from which everything else by proximity can derive a classification and a value. It is as a Central reference point that allows all other objects, often used in the conceptual framework. Having an org ...

                                               

Mind in eastern philosophy

The study of consciousness in Eastern philosophy has Parallels in Western study of the philosophy of mind as a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of mind. Dualism and monism are two major schools of thought about the mind-body problem i ...

                                               

Philosophy of mind

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the ontology and the nature of the mind and its relationship with the body. The mind-body problem is the question of paradigm in the philosophy of mind, although other issues such as the p ...

                                               

Polar concept argument

A polar concept argument is a type argument, which postulates the understanding of the concept, from the mere understanding of its polar opposite. Known instance of a polar concept argument the argument Gilbert Ryles against skepticism. According ...

                                               

Principle

The principle is the offer or value that serves as a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, this rule, which must be or usually have to be met, or it may be desirable to comply with, or is an inevitable consequence of that, for example, the la ...

                                               

Progress

Progress-a movement toward a refined, improved or otherwise desired state. In the framework of progressivism, the idea of progress is the assertion that advances in technology, science, and social organization, as a result, and will continue to r ...

                                               

Symbol

A symbol is a sign, a sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as a representation of the idea, object, or relationship. Symbols allow people to go beyond what is known or seen by creating relationships between otherwise very diff ...

                                               

Terminology model

The terminology model is a refinement of the system concept. In the model the terminology of the concepts of a particular task or subject area determined by subject matter experts from the point of view of definition and the definition of the sub ...

                                               

Theory of forms

Theory the theory of forms or ideas-it is a philosophical theory, concept or worldview attributed to Plato that the physical world is not as real or true timeless, absolute, unchanging ideas. According to this theory, ideas in this sense, often w ...

                                               

Thought

Thought that includes a "goal-oriented flow of ideas and associations which may lead to a reality-oriented conclusion." Although the thinking has an existential value for humans, there is still no consensus as to how adequately identified and und ...

                                               

Crime

In ordinary language, a crime is a unlawful act punishable by a state or other body. The concept of crime is not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition, although the official definition has been provided for ...

                                               

American Market

The American market is a market located in Peshawar, Pakistan. He sells different kinds of electronic goods and is known for its low prices with the proverbial giving its visitors the opportunity to purchase firearms and accessories. According to ...

                                               

Anatomy murder

Of a murder anatomy of a murder committed in order to use all or part of the cadaver for medical research or teaching. It is not a medicine Murder because the body parts were not considered any medicinal use in themselves. Motive creates the need ...

                                               

Assisting Offender

Help a criminal suspect or convicted criminal in the United Kingdom, who agreed to help in the investigation or prosecution of other criminals in exchange for some form of reduction in punishment for their own criminal history. In the United King ...

                                               

BANCOOP case

In the case of BANCOOP name is used by the Brazilian press for the intended use, BANCOOP in favor of a slush Fund workers party in 2002 and 2004. October 28, 2010, judge Patricia Inigo Funes e Silva, the 5th criminal court of são Paulo, accepted ...

                                               

Baton (law enforcement)

With a baton or stick is roughly cylindrical club, made of wood, rubber, plastic or metal. It is implemented as a tool of enforcement and defensive weapons of law enforcement officers, correctional staff, security guards and military personnel. I ...

                                               

Black market

Black market, underground economy or shadow economy, is an underground market or series of transactions that some aspects of the illegality of or characterized by a certain form of conduct that is incompatible with institutional rules. If a rule ...

                                               

Car chase

Chase-this movement is in hot pursuit of suspects by law enforcement agencies. The rise of the automotive industry in the 20th century increased by the ownership of the car, which leads to an increase in the number of criminals trying to escape f ...

                                               

Children used by adults in the commission of crime

The use, procuring or offering of a child to others for illegal activities, including trafficking or production of drugs, is one of the predefined worst forms of child labour under the International labour organization on the worst forms of child ...

                                               

CIA transnational anti-crime and anti-drug activities

This article focuses on the activities of the Central intelligence Agency related to transnational crime, including the illicit drug trade. Two offices of CIA Directorate of intelligence analytical responsibilities in this area. The office of tra ...

                                               

Confidence trick

Cheating is trying to deceive the person or group after first gaining their confidence. Above, who confidently exploiting victims, using their credulity, naïvete, compassion, conceit, irresponsibility, and greed. Researchers cunning of trust was ...

                                               

Confiscation

Confiscation is a legal form of occupation of the state or other public authority. The word is also used in people, illegal seizure under legal forms, or any confiscation of property as punishment or application of the law.

                                               

Conflicts involving Critical Mass

There were many conflicts during critical mass events since the founding of the world advocacy bike in 1992. The conflicts resulted in injuries, property damage, and arrests, and both cyclists and drivers of motorized was the victim. Critics say ...

                                               

Contaminated currency

Most banknotes have traces of cocaine on them, this is confirmed by the results of studies conducted in several countries. In 1994, the 9th U.S. circuit court of appeals determined that in Los Angeles, out of every four banknotes, on average more ...

                                               

Corruption

Corruption is one form of dishonesty or a criminal offence committed by a person or organization entrusted with positions of power to obtain illegal profit or abuse power for private gain. Corruption may include many activities including bribery ...

                                               

Counterfeit illegal drug selling

Selling fake drugs is a crime in many US States legal codes and the Federal law of the United States. It is also illegal to sell counterfeit drugs in the United Kingdom. Fake drugs are sometimes referred to as imitation controlled substances.

                                               

Crime & Investigation

Crime and investigation-the American pay television channel that is owned&amp e networks, a joint venture between Hearst communications and Disney networks, a division of Walt Disney. The network is mostly out-of-network reruns of crime dramas su ...

                                               

Crime concentration

The concentration of crime is a spatial area in which a high level of crime are. The concentration of crime may be the result of homogeneous or heterogeneous offences. Hot spots are the result of various crimes occurring in relative proximity to ...

                                               

Crime control

The fight against crime refers to methods taken to reduce crime in society. Penology often focuses on the use of criminal punishment as a deterrent to people from committing crimes or temporarily deducing from those who have already committed cri ...

                                               

Crime drop

The drop in crime or crime reduction pattern is observed in many countries in which the prices of many types of crime decreased by 50% or more in the early 1990-ies.

                                               

Crime in Antarctica

While crime in Antarctica is a relatively rare occurrence, isolation, and boredom affect some people negatively and there can lead to crime. Alcoholism is a known problem on the continent, and have led to fights and indecent exposure. Other types ...

                                               

Crime in Italy

Political corruption remains a serious problem in Italy, especially in southern Italy, including Calabria, parts of the campaign and Sicily where corruption perception is at a high level. Political parties voted the most corrupt institution in It ...

                                               

Crime preparation

Drugs the criminality of an act or acts perpetrated by the criminals for any period of time prior to the actual crime and range from simple intentions to overt action. In some jurisdictions, the mere preparation for a crime is a criminal offence ...

                                               

Crime scene getaway

From the crime scene Getaway is the act of fleeing the location where one has broken the law. It is an act that the offender may not be planned in detail, resulting in different results. The crime scene "crime scene, especially one at which foren ...

                                               

Crime victim advocacy program

A program of crime victim advocacy-a program of assistance to victims of crime within the criminal justice system. This program helps the victims of "common crime" is any crime that is not a domestic or sexual nature. Common examples of common cr ...

                                               

Criminal tradition

A criminal tradition - cultural transmission of criminal values. Criminal traditions are passed down from the older generation to the younger generation, such as social customs in other forms of society. The study of criminal tradition, Clifford ...

                                               

Curb stomp

The curb stomp, also called borders, border check, curb painting, or to make someone bite the curb is a form of aggression in which the victims mouth is forcefully placed on a curb, and then stomped back, causing serious injuries and sometimes death.

                                               

Dubai Smart Police Stations

Smart police station-a New system of interactive kiosks for Dubai police. The self-service units as digital police stations that provide services to the population proposed in the past only in the ordinary police stations.

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