Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 310

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 310

                                               

Stilyagi

Stilyagi were members of a youth counterculture from the late 1940s until the early 1960s in the Soviet Union. A stilyaga, was primarily distinguished by snappy clothing - preferably foreign-label, acquired from fartsovshchiks - that contrasted w ...

                                               

Skinhead

A skinhead is a member of a subculture originated among working class youths in London, England, in the 1960s and soon spread to other parts of the United Kingdom, with a second working class skinhead movement emerging worldwide in the 1980s. Mot ...

                                               

Swingjugend

The Swing Youth were a group of jazz and swing lovers in Germany in the 1930s, mainly in Hamburg and Berlin. Formed in Hamburg in 1939, they were composed of 14-to-21-year-old boys and girls in high school, most of them middle- or upper-class stu ...

                                               

Rude boy

Rude boy, rudeboy, rudie, rudi, and rudy are slang terms that originated in 1960s Jamaican street culture, and that are still used today. In the late 1970s, the 2 tone ska revival in England saw the terms rude boy and rude girl, among other varia ...

                                               

Role-playing

Role-playing is the changing of ones behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role. While the Oxford English Dictionary offers a definition of role-playing as "the changing of on ...

                                               

Rivethead

A rivethead or rivet head is a person associated with the industrial dance music scene. In stark contrast to the original industrial culture, whose performers and heterogeneous audience were sometimes referred to as "industrialists", the rivethea ...

                                               

Rastafari

Rastafari, also known as Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. It is classified as both a new religious movement and a social movement by scholars of religion. There is no central authority in contro ...

                                               

Punk subculture

The punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film. It is largely characterised by anti-establishment views, the promotion of individual freedom, DIY ethics, ...

                                               

Nipster

Nipster is a slang term used in Germany to refer to young neo-Nazis who have embraced aspects of hipster culture. Historically, German neo-Nazis promoted an ultra-masculine and extreme right-wing image, preferring short hair, violent imagery and ...

                                               

Formal

Formal, formality, informal or informality imply the complying with, or not complying with, some set of requirements. They may refer to:

                                               

Nazi punk

A Nazi punk is a neo-Nazi who is part of the punk subculture. The term also describes the related music genre, which is sometimes also referred to as hatecore. Nazi Punk music generally sounds like other forms of punk rock, but differs by having ...

                                               

Drug culture

Drug cultures are examples of countercultures that are primarily defined by recreational drug use. They may be focused on a single drug, or endorse polydrug use. They sometimes eagerly or reluctantly initiate newcomers, but their main functions a ...

                                               

White power skinhead

White power skinheads are members of a neo-nazi, white supremacist and antisemitic offshoot of the skinhead subculture. Many of them are affiliated with white nationalist organizations and sometimes prison gangs. In the United States, the majorit ...

                                               

Mod (subculture)

Mod is a subculture that began in London and spread throughout Great Britain and elsewhere, eventually influencing fashions and trends in other countries, and continues today on a smaller scale. Focused on music and fashion, the subculture has it ...

                                               

Heavy metal subculture

Fans of heavy metal music have created their own subculture which encompasses more than just appreciation of the style of music. Fans affirm their membership in the subculture or scene by attending metal concerts – an activity seen as central to ...

                                               

Lyubery

Lyubers were a youth group in the late 1970s and early 1980s in USSR, starting in Lyubertsy, a suburb of Moscow. It was dedicated to an athletic lifestyle, engaging in activities such as bodybuilding, boxing, athletics, gymnastic exercises and/or ...

                                               

Kogal

Kogal is a Japanese fashion culture that involves schoolgirls wearing an outfit based on Japanese school uniforms, but with very short skirts. The short skirts are worn irrespective of the season. The girls may also wear loose socks and scarves, ...

                                               

Indie pop

Indie pop is a music genre and subculture that combines guitar pop with DIY ethic in opposition to the style and tone of mainstream pop music. It originated from British post-punk in the late 1970s and subsequently generated a thriving fanzine, l ...

                                               

Punk ideologies

Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture and punk rock. In its original incarnation, the punk subculture originated out of working class angst and the frustrations many youth were feel ...

                                               

Junglist

Junglist is a slang term which first referred to a person living in an area of West Kingston, Jamaica, called Jungle. It was later used as a term to refer to someone who is a dedicated listener of jungle music. Tracks from this genre often contai ...

                                               

Gyaru

Gyaru is a Japanese transliteration of the English slang word gal used to define a fashion subculture in Japan. It is also rumored to be inspired by the popular late 80s action drama series Baywatch, that also appeared on Japanese television, whi ...

                                               

Greaser (subculture)

Greasers are a youth subculture that was popularized in the 1950s to 1960s by predominantly working class and lower class teenagers and young adults in the United States. The subculture remained prominent into the mid-1960s and was particularly e ...

                                               

Gopnik

A gopnik is a member of a subculture in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and other former Soviet republics - a young man of lower-class suburban areas coming from families of poor education and income. The female form is gopnitsa, and the collective nou ...

                                               

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Jeep

Jeep is a brand of American automobile and division of FCA US LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Italian-American corporation Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Jeep has been a part of Chrysler since 1987, when Chrysler acquired the Jeep brand, along ...

                                               

Bentley

Bentley Motors Limited is a British manufacturer and marketer of luxury cars and SUVs - and a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group since 1998. Headquartered in Crewe, England, the company was founded as Bentley Motors Limited by W. O. Bentley in 19 ...

                                               

Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid. The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Chess is believed to be derived from the Indian game chaturanga sometime before the ...

                                               

Animation

Animation is a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film. Today, most animations are ...

                                               

Award

An award, sometimes called a distinction, is something given to a recipient as a token of recognition of excellence in a certain field. When the token is a medal, ribbon or other item designed for wearing, it is known as a decoration. An award ma ...

                                               

Interest

Interest, in finance and economics, is payment from a borrower or deposit-taking financial institution to a lender or depositor of an amount above repayment of the principal sum, at a particular rate. It is distinct from a fee which the borrower ...

                                               

Discipline (academia)

An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge that is taught and researched at the college or university level. Disciplines are defined, and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the lear ...

                                               

List of academic fields

An academic discipline or field of study is known as a branch of knowledge. It is taught as an accredited part of higher education. A scholars discipline is commonly defined and recognized by a university faculty. That person will be accredited b ...

                                               

Outline of academic disciplines

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to academic disciplines: An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of knowledge, taught and researched as part of higher education. A scholars discipline is commonly ...

                                               

Architectural analytics

Architectural analytics is the field of study that focuses on the discovery and identification of meaningful patterns in architecture. Architecture represents a snapshot in time and can, in a very detailed fashion, animate the civilisation and pe ...

                                               

Arts administration

Arts administration is the field that concerns business operations around an arts organization. Arts administrators are responsible for facilitating the day-to-day operations of the organization and fulfilling its mission. Arts management became ...

                                               

Business informatics

Business informatics is a discipline combining economics, economics of digitization, business administration, information technology, and concepts of computer science. The BI discipline was created in Germany. It is an established academic discip ...

                                               

Clinical physiology

Clinical physiology is both an academic discipline within the medical sciences and a clinical medical specialty for physicians in the health care systems of Sweden, Denmark and Finland. Clinical Physiology can also be more broadly defined as the ...

                                               

Communication studies

Communication studies or communication sciences is an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication and behavior, patterns of communication in interpersonal relationships, social interactions and communication in different ...

                                               

Comparative law

Comparative law is the study of differences and similarities between the law of different countries. More specifically, it involves the study of the different legal "systems" in existence in the world, including the common law, the civil law, soc ...

                                               

Construction history

                                               

Critical terrorism studies

Critical terrorism studies applies a critical theory approach rooted in counter-hegemonic and politically progressive critical theory to the study of terrorism. With links to the Frankfurt School of critical theory and the Aberystwyth School of c ...

                                               

Curriculum studies

Curriculum studies is a concentration within curriculum and instruction concerned with understanding curricula as an active force of human educational experience.

                                               

Design studies

Design Studies is an academic discipline that pursues a critical understanding of design and its effects through analytical and practical modes of inquiry. Its origins can be traced to design history where the field first got its start before slo ...

                                               

Economic history

Economic history is the academic study of economies or economic events of the past. Research is conducted using a combination of historical methods, statistical methods and the application of economic theory to historical situations and instituti ...

                                               

English studies

English studies is an academic discipline taught in primary, secondary, and post-secondary education in English-speaking countries; it is not to be confused with English taught as a foreign language, which is a distinct discipline. It involves th ...

                                               

Environmental science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological and information sciences to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems. Environmental science emerged from the fields ...

                                               

Environmental studies

Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment. Environmental studies connects principles from the physical sciences, commerce/economics, and social sciences to addr ...

                                               

History of art criticism

The history of art criticism, as part of art history, is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format, and style, which include aesthetic considerations. This includes the "major" ...

                                               

Human services

Human services is an interdisciplinary field of study with the objective of meeting human needs through an applied knowledge base, focusing on prevention as well as remediation of problems, and maintaining a commitment to improving the overall qu ...

                                               

Industrial arts

Industrial arts is an educational program which features fabrication of objects in wood or metal using a variety of hand, power, or machine tools. Industrial Arts is commonly referred to as Technology Education. It may include small engine repair ...

                                               

Integrated modification methodology

Integrated modification methodology is a procedure encompassing an open set of scientific techniques for morphologically analyzing the built environment in a multiscale manner and evaluating its performance in actual states or under specific desi ...

                                               

Jurisprudence

Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law. Scholars of jurisprudence seek to explain the nature of law in its most general form and provide a deeper understanding of legal reasoning, legal systems, legal institutions, and the ...

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