Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 234

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 234

                                               

Ernst Ruska

August Friedrich Ernst Ruska is a German physicist who won the Nobel prize in physics in 1986 for his work in the field of electron optics, including the development of the first electron microscope.

                                               

Paul Sabatier (chemist)

Prof Paul Sabatier FRS HFRSE was a French chemist, born in Carcassonne. In 1912, Sabatier was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry with Victor Grignard. Sabatier was awarded for his work improving the hydrogenation of organic compounds in the pre ...

                                               

John Sulston

Sir John Edward Sulston was a British biologist and scientist who received the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for his work on cell lines and the genome of the worm Caenorhabditis elegans in 2002, with his colleagues Sydney Brenner, Robert ...

                                               

Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson is a Swedish biochemist. He shared with Sune K. bergström and John R. vane the 1982 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related substances.

                                               

Kailash Satyarthi

Kailash Satyarthi-an Indian social reformer who campaigned against child labour in India and other countries and advocated the universal right to education. In 2014 he became a co-winner of the Nobel peace prize, along with Malalai yousafzai, for ...

                                               

Theodor Svedberg

Theodor Svedberg was a Swedish chemist, winner of Nobel prize for research in the field of colloids and proteins using the ultracentrifuge, active at Uppsala University.

                                               

Emilio Segre

Emilio Gino Segre was an Italian-American physicist, Nobel laureate who discovered the elements technetium and astatine, and the antiproton, an elementary antiparticle, for which he was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1959. From 1943 to 194 ...

                                               

Sigman

Sigman may refer to: Tripp Sigman 1899-1971, Major League baseball player who played outfielder from 1929 to 1930. Morris Sigman 1880-1931, President of the International ladies garment workers Union from 1923 to 1928. Hugo Sigman 1944, the Argen ...

                                               

Kai Siegbahn

Siegbahn was born in Lund, Sweden, son of Manne Siegbahn the 1924 physics Nobel prize winner. Siegbahn received his doctorate at Stockholm University in 1944. He was Professor at the Royal Institute of technology 1951-1954, and then Professor of ...

                                               

Manne Siegbahn

Prof Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn FRS HFRSE was a Swedish physicist who was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1924 "for discovery and research in the field of x-ray spectroscopy".

                                               

Osamu Shimomura

Osamu Shimomura, a Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist, and Professor Emeritus of Marine biological laboratory in woods Hole, Massachusetts and Boston University school of medicine. He was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry 2008 for t ...

                                               

Claude Simon

Claude Simon was born in Tananarive on the island of Madagascar. His parents were French, his father being a career officer who was killed in the First world war. He grew up with his mother and her family in Perpignan in the middle of the wine di ...

                                               

Hideki Shirakawa

Hideki Shirakawa is a Japanese chemist, engineer, and Professor Emeritus of Tsukuba University and Zhejiang University. He is best known for his discovery of conductive polymers. He was co-winner of the Nobel prize 2000 in chemistry together with ...

                                               

Jens Christian Skou

Of skou was born in Lemvig, Denmark to a wealthy family. His father Magnus Martinus of skou were timber and coal merchant. His mother Ane-Margrethe of skou took over the company after his fathers death. At the age of 15 years, of skou entered a b ...

                                               

George Smith (chemist)

George Pearson, Smith-American biologist and Nobel laureate. He is a curators Professor Emeritus of biological Sciences at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, USA.

                                               

George E. Smith

George Elwood Smith is an American scientist, applied physicist, and co-inventor of the charge coupled device. He was awarded a one-fourth share in the Nobel prize 2009 in physics "for the invention of the semiconductor circuits of the image of t ...

                                               

Michael Smith (chemist)

Michael Smith was a British-canadian biochemist and businessman. He shared the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1993 Cary Mullis for his work in developing site-directed mutagenesis. The next candidate in 1956 at the University of Manchester, he condu ...

                                               

Oliver Smithies

Oliver smithies was an Anglo-American geneticist and biochemist. He is known for the introduction of starch as a medium for gel electrophoresis in 1955, and for opening, simultaneously with Mario Capecchi and Martin Evans, of the technique of hom ...

                                               

Ralph M. Steinman

Ralph Marvin Steinman was a canadian physician and medical researcher at the Rockefeller University, who in 1973 discovered and named dendritic cells during operation, a research fellow in the laboratory of Zanvil A. Cohn, also at Rockefeller Uni ...

                                               

Jack Steinberger

Jack Steinberger American physicist who, along with Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, received the Nobel prize in 1988 in physics for the discovery of the muon neutrino.

                                               

Thomas A. Steitz

Thomas Arthur Steitz was an American biochemist, sterling Professor of molecular Biophysics and biochemistry at Yale University and researcher at the medical Institute of Howard Hughes, best known for his pioneering work on the ribosome. Steitz w ...

                                               

Sterling Professor

Sterling Professor, the highest academic rank at Yale, awarded to a permanent member of the faculty is considered the best in their field. This is akin to the title of University Professor at other universities. The appointment made by the Presid ...

                                               

Swarthmore College

Swarthmore College is a private liberal arts College in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1864, with the first classes held in 1869, Swarthmore was one of the first colleges of cooperative learning in the United States. It was found that in Co ...

                                               

Nathan Soderblom

Lars Olof Jonathan Soderblom was a Swedish priest. He was in the Church of Sweden Archbishop of Uppsala between 1914 and 1931, and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel peace prize. It is celebrated in the calendar of saints of the Lutheran Church and ...

                                               

Igor Tamm

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, 8 July 1895 – 12 April 1971) was a Soviet physicist who received the Nobel prize in physics in 1958 jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Ilya Mikhailovich Frank for the 1934 discovery of Cherenkov radiation.

                                               

Koichi Tanaka

Koichi Tanaka is a Japanese engineer who shared the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2002 for developing a new method of mass-spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules with John Bennett Fenn and Kurt Wuthrich.

                                               

Henry Taube

Henry Taube, Dr. Of Philosophy, Master, Bachelor., FRSC was a canadian-American chemist noted for the fact that he was awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry 1983, for "his work in the mechanisms of the reactions of electron transfer, particularly ...

                                               

Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr.

Joseph hooton Taylor, Jr. is an American astrophysicist and Nobel prize in physics for his discovery of Russell Alan Hulse of a "new type of pulsar, a discovery that opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation".

                                               

Richard E. Taylor

Richard Edward Taylor, canadian physicist and Professor at Stanford University. He shared the 1990 Nobel prize in physics with Jerome Friedman and Henry Kendall "for their pioneering research concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on p ...

                                               

Howard Martin Temin

Howard Martin Temin was an American geneticist and virologist. He discovered reverse transcriptase in 1970-ies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, for which he shared the Nobel prize in 1975 in physiology or medicine with Renato Dulbecco and ...

                                               

Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolaas "Niko" Tinbergen was a Dutch biologist and ornithologist who shared the Nobel prize in 1973 in physiology and medicine with Karl von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz for their discoveries concerning organization and identification of individual ...

                                               

Jean Tirole

Jean Tyrol-the French Professor of Economics. He focuses on industrial organization, game theory, banking and Finance, Economics, and psychology. In 2014 he was awarded the Nobel prize in Economics for his analysis of market power and regulation.

                                               

Shin'ichirō Tomonaga

Sinichiro Tomonaga, usually cited as Sin-Itiro Tomonaga in English, Japanese physicist, influence on the development of quantum electrodynamics, work for which he was jointly awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1965 along with Richard Feynman a ...

                                               

George Paget Thomson

Sir George Paget Thomson, FRS was an English physicist, Nobel prize laureate in physics recognised for the discovery of the wave properties of electrons the diffraction of electrons.

                                               

Susumu Tonegawa

Tonegawa Susumu is a Japanese scientist who was the only laureate of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1987 for the discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. Although he received the Nobel prize for work in i ...

                                               

Tu Youyou

The fact Chinese pharmacist and malariologist. She discovered artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, a breakthrough in twentieth-century tropical medicine, saving millions of lives in the South of China, Southeast Asia, Africa ...

                                               

David J. Wineland

David Jeffrey Wineland is an American Nobel laureate physicist at the National Institute of standards and technology laboratory in physics. His work has included advances in optics, in particular laser-cooled trapped ions, using ions for quantum ...

                                               

Geoffrey Wilkinson

Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson FRS was a Nobel laureate English chemist who pioneered inorganic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis of transition metals.

                                               

Jody Williams

Jody Williams is an American political activist known for her work in banning anti-personnel landmines, her defense of human rights and its efforts to promote new understandings of security in todays world. She was awarded the Nobel peace prize i ...

                                               

Gregory Winter

Sir Gregory Paul winter is a Nobel prize-winning British biochemist best known for his work on the therapeutic use of monoclonal antibodies. His scientific career was almost entirely based at the MRC laboratory of molecular biology and MRC Centre ...

                                               

George Whipple

George Hoyt Whipple, an American physician, pathologist, biomedical researcher, and medical school educator and administrator. Whipple shared the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1934 with George Richards Minot and William parry Murphy "f ...

                                               

M. Stanley Whittingham

Michael Stanley Whittingham is a British-American chemist. Currently, he is Professor of chemistry and Director of the research Institute of materials and science and engineering programs at the University of Binghamton, part of the state Univers ...

                                               

Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt University is a private research University in Nashville, Tennessee. Founded in 1873, it was named in honor of the new York shipping and railroad magnate Cornelius Vanderbilt, who provided the school its initial unofficially Vanderbilt ...

                                               

McGill University

McGill University is a public research University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Founded in 1821 by a Royal Charter granted by king George IV, it is the oldest University in Montreal and one of the three English-language universities in Quebec. The ...

                                               

John E. Walker

Sir John Ernest Walker is a British chemist, Nobel prize in chemistry in 1997. In 2015, Walker-honorary Director and Professor of the Department of the MRC mitochondrial biology in Cambridge, and fellow of Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge.

                                               

George Wald

George Wald American scientist who studied the pigments in the retina. He won a share of the Nobel prize in 1967 in physiology or medicine with haldan Keffer Hartline and Ragnar Granit.

                                               

Robin Warren

John Robin Warren AC is an Australian pathologist, Nobel laureate and researcher who is credited with the 1979 re-discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, together with Barry Marshall. The Duo proved to the entire medical community that th ...

                                               

Uppsala University

Uppsala University is a research University in Uppsala, Sweden. Founded in 1477, it is the oldest University in Sweden and the Nordic countries are still in operation. He is among the 100 best universities in the world in several high-profile int ...

                                               

Bernardo Houssay

Bernardo Albertos Usage was an Argentine physiologist who in 1947 was co-winner of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for the discovery of the role of pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of sugar in the blood of animals. He was the ...

                                               

Utrecht University

Utrecht University is a University in Utrecht, the Netherlands. Established March 26, 1636, it is one of the oldest universities in the Netherlands. In 2016 they had learned 29.425 students, and working 5.568 faculty and staff. In 2011 he was awa ...

                                               

Andrew Fire

Andrew Zachary fire is an American biologist and Professor of pathology and genetics Stanford University school of medicine. He was awarded the Nobel prize 2006 in physiology or medicine, along with Craig C. Mello, for the discovery of RNA interf ...

                                               

John Fenn (chemist)

John Bennett Fenn was an American Professor of analytical chemistry who was awarded a share of the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2002. Fenn half of the prize with Koichi Tanaka for their work in mass spectrometry. The other half of the 2002 award w ...

                                               

Ben Feringa

Bernard Lucas "Ben" Fehring-Dutch synthetic organic chemistry, specializing in the field of molecular nanotechnology and homogeneous catalysis. He Jacobus van T Hoff distinguished Professor of molecular Sciences, Institute of chemistry, strating, ...

                                               

Albert Fert

Albert Fert is a French physicist, one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance, which was a breakthrough in Gigabyte hard disks. Currently, he is honorary Professor at the University Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific Director of a joint lab ...

                                               

Robert F. Furchgott

Robert Francis Furchgott was a Nobel laureate, an American biochemist who contributed to the discovery of nitric oxide as transitional cell signals in mammalian systems.

                                               

William Daniel Phillips

William Daniel Phillips, American physicist. He shared the Nobel prize in physics 1997 Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji.

                                               

Val Logsdon Fitch

Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist who, along with researcher James Cronin were awarded the 1980 Nobel prize in physics for a 1964 experiment using the Alternating gradient synchrotron at the Brookhaven national laboratory that proved ...

                                               

Emil Fischer

Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel prize in chemistry. He discovered the Fischer esterification. He also developed a projection, a symbolic way of drawing asymmetric carbon atoms. He never ...

                                               

Hans Fischer

Hans Fischer, German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel prize in chemistry "for studies into the Constitution of Haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of Haemin".

                                               

Edmond H. Fischer

Edmond Henri Fischer is an American biochemist. He and his collaborator Edwin G. Krebs were awarded the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1992 for describing how reversible phosphorylation works as a switch to activate proteins and regulat ...

                                               

University of Florida

The University of Florida is a public land grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research University in Gainesville, Florida. He is a senior member of the State University system of Florida and traces its history back to 1853 and is working on the Ga ...

                                               

William Faulkner

William Cuthbert Faulkner American writer and Nobel prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner wrote novels, short stories, screenplays, poems, essays and plays. He is known primarily for his novels and short stories set in the fictional Y ...

                                               

Ilya Frank

Ilya Mikhailovich Frank was a Soviet winner of the Nobel prize for physics in 1958 jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and I. Y. Tamm, also of the Soviet Union. He received the award for his work in explaining the phenomenon of Cherenkov ra ...

                                               

Joachim Frank

Joachim Frank is a German-American biophysicist at Columbia University and Nobel prize winner. He is considered the founder of single particle cryo-electron microscopy, for which he shared the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2017 with Dubochet, Jacqu ...

                                               

Jerome Isaac Friedman

Jerome Isaac Friedman is an American physicist. He is an Institute Professor and Professor of physics, Emeritus, at the Massachusetts Institute of technology. He received the 1990 Nobel prize in physics with Henry Kendall and Richard Taylor, for ...

                                               

Ragnar Frisch

Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist and winner of the first Nobel prize in economic Sciences in 1969. He is known as one of the founders of the discipline of econometrics, as well as for coining the widely used term pair macroeconomic ...

                                               

Charles Brenton Huggins

Charles Brenton Huggins was a canadian-American physician, physiologist, and cancer researcher from the University of Chicago specializing in prostate cancer. He was awarded the 1966 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for the discovery in 1941 ...

                                               

Russell Alan Hulse

Russell Alan Hulse is an American physicist who won the Nobel prize in physics, jointly with his thesis Advisor Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr., for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that opened up new possibilities for the study of gra ...

                                               

Peter Handke

Peter Handke-the Austrian winner of the Nobel prize novelist, playwright, translator, poet, film Director and screenwriter. The Nobel prize for literature was awarded to 2019 by Peter Handke "for the influential work that linguistic ingenuity exp ...

                                               

John Harsanyi

John Charles Harsany was a Hungarian-American Nobel laureate Economist. He is best known for his contribution to the study of game theory and its application in Economics, especially for his innovative analysis of games of incomplete information, ...

                                               

Haldan Keffer Hartline

Haldan Keffer Hartline was an American physiologist who was a co-winner of the Nobel prize in 1967 in physiology and medicine for his work in analyzing the neurophysiological mechanisms of vision.

                                               

Odd Hassel

Hassel was born in kristiania now Oslo, Norway. His parents were Ernst Hassel 1848-1905, a gynaecologist, and Mathilde find to go 1860-1955. In 1915 he enrolled at the University of Oslo where he studied mathematics, physics and chemistry, and gr ...

                                               

Harald zur Hausen

Harald Tsur Hausen is a German virologist and Professor Emeritus. He has done research on cancer of the cervix, where he discovered the role of human papilloma virus, for which he received the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine 2008.

                                               

Godfrey Hounsfield

Sir Godfrey Hounsfield Newbold was an English electrical engineer who shared the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine 1979 Allan McLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of x-ray computed tomography. His name is immorta ...

                                               

Corneille Heymans

Corneille Jean françois Heymans Belgian physiologist. He studied at the Jesuit College of St. Barbara, and then in Ghent University, where he received a doctorate in 1920. Heymans received the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1938 for sho ...

                                               

Richard F. Heck

Richard Frederick hake was an American chemist noted for the discovery and development of the Heck reaction, which uses palladium to catalyze organic chemical reactions that couple Aryl halides with altname. The analgesic naproxen is an example o ...

                                               

James Heckman

James Joseph Heckman is a Nobel laureate, American economist, currently at the University of Chicago, where he is the Henry Schultz merits of Professor in Economics and the College, Professor Harris graduate school of public policy studies, Direc ...

                                               

Stefan Hell

Stefan Walter hell HonFRMS-German physicist and one of the Directors of the max Planck Institute for biophysical chemistry in göttingen, Germany. He received the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2014 "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence ...

                                               

Richard Henderson (biologist)

Richard Henderson, a Scottish molecular biologist and biophysicist and pioneer in the field of electron microscopy of biological molecules. Henderson shared the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2017 with Dubochet, Jacques and Joachim Frank.

                                               

Philip Showalter Hench

Philip Showalter Hench is an American doctor. Hench, along with Mayo clinic colleague Edward Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus reichstein was awarded the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1950 For the discovery of the hormone cortiso ...

                                               

Theodor W. Hansch

Theodor Wolfgang Gancia-German physicist. He received one fourth of the Nobel prize 2005 in physics "for his contribution to the development of accurate laser spectroscopy, including the optical comb frequencies", sharing the prize with John L. H ...

                                               

Dudley R. Herschbach

Dudley Robert Herschbach is an American chemist at Harvard University. He became a Nobel laureate in chemistry 1986, jointly with yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyis "for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes". ...

                                               

Alfred Hershey

Alfred day Hershey was an American Nobel prize winner, bacteriologist and geneticist. He was born in owosso, Michigan and received a bachelors degree in chemistry at the University of Michigan in 1930 and his doctoral degree in bacteriology in 19 ...

                                               

Peter Higgs

Peter ware Higgs is a British theoretical physicist, Professor Emeritus at the University of Edinburgh and winner of the Nobel prize for his work on the masses of subatomic particles. In the 1960-ies, Higgs proposed the broken symmetry in electro ...

                                               

Alan J. Heeger

Heeger was born in Sioux city, Iowa, into a Jewish family. He grew up in Akron, Iowa, where his father owned a grocery store. At the age of nine, after his fathers death, the family moved to Sioux city. Heeger received the degree of bachelor of s ...

                                               

Archibald Hill

Archibald Vivian hill, known as A. V. hill, English physiologist, one of the founders of the various disciplines of Biophysics and operations research. He shared the Nobel prize for 1922 in physiology or medicine for his understanding of the heat ...

                                               

Cyril Norman Hinshelwood

Born in London, his parents were Norman Macmillan Hinshelwood a, chartered accountant, and Frances Ethel nee Smith. He was educated first in Canada, returning in 1905 on the death of his father in a small flat in Chelsea where he lived for the re ...

                                               

George H. Hitchings

George Herbert Hitchings was an American doctor who shared the Nobel prize in 1988 in physiology or medicine with sir James black and Gertrude Elion "for their discovery of important principles for drug treatment", Hitchings specifically for his ...

                                               

Trygve Haavelmo

Magnus Trygve of Haavelmo, was born in Oslo, Norway, was an economist whose research interests focus on econometrics. He received the Nobel prize in economic Sciences in 1989.

                                               

Duncan Haldane

Frederick Duncan Michael Williams, known as F. Duncan Haldane, a British physicist, currently a Professor at the University Sherman Fairchild in physics at Princeton University, distinguished visiting research chair at the Perimeter Institute for ...

                                               

Jeffrey C. Hall

Hall, Jeffrey Connor-American geneticist and chronobiologist. Hall is a Professor of biology at Brandeis University and currently lives in Cambridge, Maine. Hall has spent his career studying a neurological component to fly courtship and behavior ...

                                               

John L. Hall

John Lewis hall "Yang" is an American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics. He shared the Nobel prize 2005 in physics with Theodor W. Gancia and Roy Glauber for his work in precision spectroscopy.

                                               

Robert W. Holley

Robert William Holly-American biochemist. He shared the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1968 for describing the structure of alanine transfer RNA, linking DNA and protein synthesis. Holly was born in Urbana, Illinois and graduated from U ...

                                               

Tasuku Honjo

Tasuku Honjo-Japanese-doctor-scientist-immunologist. He shared the Nobel prize in 2018 in the field of medicine or physiology, and is best known for his determination of protein programmed cell death 1. It is also known for his molecular identifi ...

                                               

Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, English biochemist, Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1929 with Christiaan eijkman for the discovery of vitamins, although Casimir Funk, a Polish biochemist, is widely credited with the discovery of vitamins. ...

                                               

H. Robert Horvitz

Howard Robert Horvitz is an American biologist known for his research on the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, for which he was awarded the Nobel prize 2002 in physiology or medicine jointly with Sydney Brenner and John E. Sulston.

                                               

Robert Hofstadter

Robert Hofstadter was an American physicist. He was a joint winner of the 1961 Nobel prize in physics "for his pioneering studies of electron scattering atomic nuclei and for his subsequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons".

                                               

Robert Huber

Robert Huber is a German biochemist and Nobel laureate. known for his work crystallizing in intramembrane protein important in photosynthesis and subsequently used x-ray diffraction to determine the structure of proteins.

                                               

Antony Hewish

Anthony Hewish is a British radio astronomer who won the Nobel prize for physics in 1974 for his role in the discovery of pulsars. He was also awarded the Eddington medal of the Royal astronomical society in 1969.

                                               

Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf Zinkernagel Martin-Professor of experimental immunology at the University of Zurich. He was awarded the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1996 for discovering how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells.

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