Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 231

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 231

                                               

American Journal of Sociology

The American Journal of Sociology is a peer-reviewed bi-monthly academic journal that publishes original research and book reviews in the field of sociology and related social sciences. It was founded in 1895 as the first journal in its disciplin ...

                                               

The BMJ

The BMJ is a weekly peer-reviewed medical journal. It is one of the worlds oldest general medical journals. Originally called the British Medical Journal, the title was officially shortened to BMJ in 1988, and then changed to The BMJ in 2014. The ...

                                               

Discrete Mathematics (journal)

Discrete Mathematics is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal in the broad area of discrete mathematics, combinatorics, graph theory, and their applications. It was established in 1971 and is published by North-Holland Publishing Company. I ...

                                               

Econometrica

Econometrica is a peer-reviewed academic journal of economics, publishing articles in many areas of economics, especially econometrics. It is published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Econometric Society. The current editor-in-chief is Guido ...

                                               

ISKCON Communications Journal

The ISKCON Communications Journal was a biannual magazine of dialogue, focussing on issues related to missionary development in ISKCON and with issues of communication, administration, social development and education which affected mission in IS ...

                                               

International Cultic Studies Association

The International Cultic Studies Association is a non-profit anti-cult organization focusing on groups it defines as "cultic" and their processes. It publishes the International Journal of Cultic Studies and other materials.

                                               

Journal of Applied Physics

The Journal of Applied Physics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal with a focus on the physics of modern technology. The journal was originally established in 1931 under the name of Physics, and was published by the American Physical Society fo ...

                                               

Journal of Biological Chemistry

The Journal of Biological Chemistry is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1905. Since 1925, it is published by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It covers research in areas of biochemistry ...

                                               

The Journal of Chemical Physics

The Journal of Chemical Physics is a scientific journal published by the American Institute of Physics that carries research papers on chemical physics. Two volumes, each of 24 issues, are published annually. It was established in 1933 when Journ ...

                                               

Journal of Late Antiquity

The Journal of Late Antiquity is an academic journal and the first international English-language journal devoted to the Late Antiquity. The journal was founded in 2008 and is published twice a year by the Johns Hopkins University Press. The jour ...

                                               

Journal of Mathematical Physics

The Journal of Mathematical Physics is a peer-reviewed journal published monthly by the American Institute of Physics devoted to the publication of papers in mathematical physics. The journal was first published bimonthly beginning in January 196 ...

                                               

The Journal of Philosophy

The Journal of Philosophy is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal on philosophy, founded in 1904 at Columbia University. Its stated purpose is "To publish philosophical articles of current interest and encourage the interchange of ideas, espe ...

                                               

Journal of Vaishnava Studies

The Journal of Vaishnava Studies, also known as Journal of Vaisnava Studies, is an academic journal that was established in 1992 by Steven J. Rosen, a member of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness. It is dedicated to scholarly res ...

                                               

JAMA (journal)

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association. It publishes original research, reviews, and editorials covering all aspects of biomedicine. T ...

                                               

Landscape ecology

Landscape ecology is the science of studying and improving relationships between ecological processes in the environment and particular ecosystems. This is done within a variety of landscape scales, development spatial patterns, and organizationa ...

                                               

Mind (journal)

Mind is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Mind Association. Having previously published exclusively philosophy in the analytic tradition, it now "aims to take quality to be the sole c ...

                                               

Nature Biotechnology

Nature Biotechnology is a peer reviewed scientific journal published monthly by the Nature Research. The chief editor is Andrew Marshall who is part of an in-house team of editors. The focus of the journal is biotechnology including research resu ...

                                               

Nature Cell Biology

Nature Cell Biology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research in cell biology published by the Nature Research. It was established in 1999. The founding editor was Annette Thomas. The current editor-in-chief is Alexia-Ileana Zaromyt ...

                                               

Nature Genetics

Nature Genetics is a scientific journal founded as part of the Nature family of journals in 1992. It publishes high quality research in genetics. The journal encompasses genetic and functional genomic studies on human traits and on other model or ...

                                               

Nature Geoscience

Nature Geoscience is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Nature Publishing Group. The Chief Editor is Tamara Goldin, who took over from Heike Langenberg in February 2020. It was established in January 2008.

                                               

Nature Medicine

Nature Medicine is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal publishing research articles, reviews, news and commentaries in the biomedical area, including both basic research and early-phase clinical research covering all aspects of medicine. The ...

                                               

Nature Neuroscience

Nature Neuroscience is a monthly scientific journal published by Nature Publishing Group. Its focus is original research papers relating specifically to neuroscience and was established in May 1998. The chief editor is Kevin Da Silva. According t ...

                                               

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society. In its earliest days, it was a private venture of the Royal Societys secretary. It became an official society publication in 1752. It was esta ...

                                               

Physical Review

Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols. It publishes original research as well as scientific and literature reviews on all aspects of physics. It is published by the American Physical ...

                                               

Physics Today

Physics Today is the membership magazine of the American Institute of Physics that was established in 1948. It is provided to the members of ten physics societies, including the American Physical Society. Although its content is scientifically ri ...

                                               

Plant Science (journal)

Plant Science is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of plant biology. The journal was originally established as Plant Science Letters in 1973, changed its name to Plant Science in 1986. The journal is published by Elsevier and is currently edited ...

                                               

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary scientific journal. It is the official journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915, and publishes original ...

                                               

Psyche (entomology journal)

Psyche is a scientific journal of entomology which was established in 1874 by the Cambridge Entomological Club as a "journal for the publication of biological contributions upon Arthropoda from any competent person". The name of the journal is de ...

                                               

Quarterly Journal of Economics

The Quarterly Journal of Economics is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the Oxford University Press. Its current editors-in-chief are Pol Antràs, Robert J. Barro, Lawrence F. Katz, and Andrei Shleifer. It is the oldest professional jo ...

                                               

Science Advances

Science Advances is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary open-access scientific journal established in early 2015. The journals scope includes all areas of science, including the life sciences, physical sciences, social sciences, computer sciences, ...

                                               

Systematic Entomology

Systematic Entomology is a scientific journal covering the field of systematic entomology, published by the Royal Entomological Society of London. Having begun in 1932 as Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B: Taxonom ...

                                               

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology is a peer-reviewed academic journal established in 1941 by Will Lissner with support from the Robert Schalkenbach Foundation. The purpose of the journal was to create a forum for continuing discussi ...

                                               

The Astrophysical Journal

The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler. The journal di ...

                                               

The New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society. It is among the most prestigious peer-reviewed medical journals as well as the oldest continuously published one.

                                               

Voprosy Istorii

Voprosy Istorii is a Russian academic journal for historical studies. It is published monthly by the Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The journal covers both Russian and world history.

                                               

Voprosy Psikhologii

Voprosy Psikhologii is a bimonthly Russian-language academic journal covering diverse areas of psychology and psychotherapy. The journal is included in the list of the Higher Attestation Commission and is also indexed in the Social Sciences Citat ...

                                               

Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences

The Proceedings of the USSR Academy of Sciences, French: Comptes Rendus de lAcademie des Sciences de lURSS) was a Soviet journal that was dedicated to publishing original, academic research papers in physics, mathematics, chemistry, geology, and ...

                                               

Iskusstvo Kino

Iskusstvo Kino is a film magazine published in Moscow, Russia. It has been published since 1931 and is one of the earliest magazines in Europe, which specialize on film theory and review, alongside the British magazine Sight & Sound and the Frenc ...

                                               

Academic conference

An academic conference or scientific conference is an event for researchers to present and discuss their work. Together with academic or scientific journals and Eprint archives such as arXiv, conferences provide an important channel for exchange ...

                                               

Scientific literature

For a broader class of literature, see Academic publishing. Scientific literature comprises scholarly publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the natural and social sciences, and within an academic field, often abbrevi ...

                                               

Review article

A review article is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic. A review article surveys and summarizes previously published studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis. Review articles are sometimes also ca ...

                                               

Shevchenko Scientific Society

The Shevchenko Scientific Society is a Ukrainian scientific society devoted to the promotion of scholarly research and publication that was founded in 1873. Unlike the government-funded National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the society is a pu ...

                                               

History of Russia

The history of Russia begins with the histories of the East Slavs. The traditional start-date of specifically Russian history is the establishment of the Rus state in the north in 862 ruled by Vikings. Staraya Ladoga and Novgorod became the first ...

                                               

Russkoye Bogatstvo

Russkoye Bogatstvo was a monthly magazine published in St. Petersburg, Russia, from 1876 to mid-1918. In the early 1890s, it was an organ of the liberal Narodniks. Beginning in 1906, it became an organ of the Popular Socialists.

                                               

Siberian Federal University

Siberian Federal University is a modern multidisciplinary university located in the eastern part of Russia, Krasnoyarsk, that combines fundamental and applied research and teaching. The university holds top positions in Russian universities ranki ...

                                               

Physics-Uspekhi

Physics-Uspekhi is a peer-reviewed scientific journal. It is an English translation of the Russian journal of physics, Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk which was established in 1918. The journal publishes long review papers which are intended to general ...

                                               

Filologicheskie Zapiski

Filologicheskie Zapiski was the oldest Russian scientific journal dedicated to research and development of various issues in language and literature in general - and comparative linguistics, Russian language and literature in particular - and Sla ...

                                               

Dobrov Research Institute on Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History

H.M. Dobrov Center for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies is a research institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

                                               

Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since ...

                                               

The Prize (1963 film)

The Prize is a 1963 American spy film starring Paul Newman, Elke Sommer, and Edward G. Robinson. It was directed by Mark Robson, produced by Pandro S. Berman and adapted for the screen by Ernest Lehman from the novel of the same name by Irving Wa ...

                                               

Nobel Prize in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature is a Swedish literature prize that is awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most ...

                                               

Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will ...

                                               

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded yearly by the Nobel Foundation for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine. One of five prizes bequested in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, it is an award for ...

                                               

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstandin ...

                                               

Ig Nobel Prize

The Ig Nobel Prize is a satiric prize awarded annually since 1991 to celebrate ten unusual or trivial achievements in scientific research, its stated aim being to "honor achievements that first make people laugh, and then make them think." The na ...

                                               

List of female Nobel laureates

As of 2019, Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 866 men, 53 women, and 24 unique organizations. The distribution of female Nobel Laureates is as follows: three have won the Nobel Prize in Physics, and two, Elinor Ostrom and Esther Duflo, have won t ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation

This list of Nobel laureates by university affiliation shows the university affiliations of individual winners of the Nobel Prize and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences since 1901. This list considers Nobel laureates as equal individua ...

                                               

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

The Norwegian Nobel Committee each year awards the Nobel Peace Prize "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates in Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded annually by the Swedish Academy to authors for outstanding contributions in the field of literature. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, which are awarded for o ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, awarded for outstanding contr ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded annually by the Swedish Karolinska Institute to scientists and doctors in the various fields of physiology or medicine. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates in Chemistry

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, who died in 1896. These p ...

                                               

List of Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics

The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, officially known as The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, is an award funded by Sveriges Riksbank and is annually awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Science ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates by country

This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates by country. Listings for Economics refer to the related Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded 567 times to 889 recipients, of which ...

                                               

List of Nobel laureates

The Nobel Prizes are prizes awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fi ...

                                               

Akira Yoshino

Akira Yoshino is a Japanese chemist. He is a fellow of Asahi Kasei Corporation and a professor at Meijo University in Nagoya. He created the first safe, production-viable lithium-ion battery which became used widely in cellular phones and noteboo ...

                                               

Abdus Salam

Mohammad Abdus Salam, was a Pakistani theoretical physicist. He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics with Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg for his contribution to the electroweak unification theory. He was the first Pakistani to receive a No ...

                                               

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov was a Soviet, Russian and American theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was the co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics, with Vitaly Ginzburg and Anth ...

                                               

Shmuel Yosef Agnon

Shmuel Yosef Agnon was a Nobel Prize laureate writer and was one of the central figures of modern Hebrew fiction. In Hebrew, he is known by the acronym Shai Agnon. In English, his works are published under the name S. Y. Agnon. Agnon was born in ...

                                               

Peter Agre

Peter Agre is an American physician, Nobel Laureate, and molecular biologist, Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and director of the Johns Hopkins Malaria ...

                                               

Isamu Akasaki

Isamu Akasaki is a Japanese engineer and physicist, specializing in the field of semiconductor technology and Nobel Prize laureate, best known for inventing the bright gallium nitride p-n junction blue LED in 1989 and subsequently the high-bright ...

                                               

Richard Axel

Richard Axel is an American molecular biologist and university professor in the Department of Neuroscience at Columbia University and investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. His work on the olfactory system won him and Linda Buck, a ...

                                               

Julius Axelrod

Julius Axelrod was an American biochemist. He won a share of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1970 along with Bernard Katz and Ulf von Euler. The Nobel Committee honored him for his work on the release and reuptake of catecholamine ne ...

                                               

Frances Arnold

Frances Hamilton Arnold is an American chemical engineer and Nobel Laureate. She is the Linus Pauling Professor of Chemical Engineering, Bioengineering and Biochemistry at the California Institute of Technology. In 2018, she was awarded the Nobel ...

                                               

Klas Pontus Arnoldson

Klas Pontus Arnoldson was a Swedish author, journalist, politician, and committed pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908 with Fredrik Bajer. He was a founding member of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society and a Member of Parlia ...

                                               

Serge Haroche

Serge Haroche is a French physicist who was awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics jointly with David J. Wineland for "ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems", a study of the pa ...

                                               

Robert Aumann

Robert John Aumann is an Israeli-American mathematician, and a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He is a professor at the Center for the Study of Rationality in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. He also holds a ...

                                               

Frederick Banting

Sir Frederick Grant Banting was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the co-discoverer of insulin and its therapeutic potential. In 1923 Banting and John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in M ...

                                               

Charles Glover Barkla

Charles Glover Barkla FRS FRSE was a British physicist, and the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917 for his work in X-ray spectroscopy and related areas in the study of X-rays.

                                               

Françoise Barre-Sinoussi

Françoise Barre-Sinoussi ; born 30 July 1947) is a French virologist and Director of the Regulation of Retroviral Infections Division and Professor at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France. Born in Paris, France, Barre-Sinoussi performed some of ...

                                               

Georg Bednorz

Johannes Georg Bednorz is a German physicist who, together with K. Alex Muller, discovered high-temperature superconductivity in ceramics, for which they shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics.

                                               

Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist, who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the "discovery of the major histocompatibility complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immu ...

                                               

University of Birmingham

The University of Birmingham is a public research university located in Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom. It received its royal charter in 1900 as a successor to Queens College, Birmingham and Mason Science College, making it the first Engli ...

                                               

Gunter Blobel

Gunter Blobel was a Silesian German and American biologist and 1999 Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell.

                                               

Nicolaas Bloembergen

Nicolaas "Nico" Bloembergen was a Dutch-American physicist and Nobel laureate, recognized for his work in developing driving principles behind nonlinear optics for laser spectroscopy. During his career, he was a professor at Harvard University an ...

                                               

Felix Bloch

Felix Bloch was a Swiss-American physicist and Nobel physics laureate who worked mainly in the U.S. He and Edward Mills Purcell were awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physics for "their development of new ways and methods for nuclear magnetic prec ...

                                               

James Black (pharmacologist)

Sir James Whyte Black was a Scottish physician and pharmacologist. Black established a Veterinary Physiology department at the University of Glasgow, where he became interested in the effects of adrenaline on the human heart. He went to work for ...

                                               

Paul D. Boyer

Paul Delos Boyer was an American biochemist, analytical chemist, and a professor of chemistry at University of California Los Angeles. He shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesi ...

                                               

Willard Boyle

Willard Sterling Boyle, was a Canadian physicist. He was a pioneer in the field of laser technology and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device. As director of Space Science and Exploratory Studies at Bellcomm he helped select lunar landing site ...

                                               

Walter Houser Brattain

Walter Houser Brattain was an American physicist at Bell Labs who, along with fellow scientists John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the point-contact transistor in December of 1947. They shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for their in ...

                                               

Bertram Brockhouse

Bertram Neville Brockhouse, was a Canadian physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter", in particular "for the development ...

                                               

James M. Buchanan

James McGill Buchanan Jr. was an American economist known for his work on public choice theory, for which he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986. Buchanans work initiated research on how politicians and bureaucrats self ...

                                               

Barry Barish

Barry Clark Barish is an American experimental physicist and Nobel Laureate. He is a Linde Professor of Physics, emeritus at California Institute of Technology. He is a leading expert on gravitational waves. In 2017, Barish was awarded the Nobel ...

                                               

Bruce Beutler

Bruce Alan Beutler is an American immunologist and geneticist. Together with Jules A. Hoffmann, he received one-half of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for "their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity". Beutler ...

                                               

Selman Waksman

Selman Abraham Waksman was a Ukrainian-born, Jewish-American inventor, biochemist and microbiologist whose research into the decomposition of organisms that live in soil enabled the discovery of streptomycin and several other antibiotics. A profe ...

                                               

Otto Wallach

Otto Wallach was a German chemist and recipient of the 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on alicyclic compounds.

                                               

John Hasbrouck Van Vleck

John Hasbrouck Van Vleck was an American physicist and mathematician. He was co-awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977, for his contributions to the understanding of the behavior of electrons in magnetic solids.

                                               

Harold E. Varmus

Harold Eliot Varmus is an American Nobel Prize-winning scientist who was director of the National Institutes of Health from 1993 to 1999 and the 14th Director of the National Cancer Institute from 2010 to 2015, a post to which he was appointed by ...

                                               

Martinus J. G. Veltman

Martinus Justinus Godefriedus Tini Veltman is a Dutch theoretical physicist. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in physics with his former student Gerardus t Hooft for their work on particle theory.

                                               

Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Nils Wiesel is a Swedish neurophysiologist. Together with David H. Hubel, he received the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system; the prize was shared with ...

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