Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 205

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 205


                                               

Oedema glottidis

Oedema glottidis is defined as the abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissues involving the supraglottic and subglottic region where laryngeal mucosa is loose. It is also known as Laryngeal Oedema.

                                               

Eriophyidae

                                               

Gall-inducing insects

                                               

Acquired hemolytic anemia

Immune mediated hemolytic anaemia direct Coombs test is positive Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Idiopathic Systemic lupus erythematosus SLE Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia Evans syndrome antiplatelet antibodies and hemolytic antibodies Inf ...

                                               

Mechanical hemolytic anemia

Mechanical hemolytic anemia is a form of hemolytic anemia due to mechanically induced damage to red blood cells. Red blood cells, while flexible, may in some circumstances succumb to physical shear and compression. This may result in hemoglobinur ...

                                               

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria is an autoimmune hemolytic anemia featured by complement-mediated intravascular hemolysis after cold exposure. It can present as an acute non-recurrent postinfectious event in children, or chronic relapsing episodes ...

                                               

Spur cell hemolytic anemia

Spur cell hemolytic anemia, is a form of hemolytic anemia that results secondary to severe impaired liver function or cirrhosis, and is mostly seen in alcoholics. Chronic liver disease impairs the livers ability to esterify cholesterol, causing f ...

                                               

Ophidiella

Ophidiella is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium created in 1966 by Garnham. It was created as a subgenus for the then only known species infecting snakes - Plasmodium wenyoni.

                                               

Paraplasmodium

Paraplasmodium is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium - all of which are parasitic eukaryotes. The subgenus was created by Telford in 1988. Species in this subgenus infect lizards.

                                               

Sauramoeba

Sauramoeba is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium, all of which are parasitic eukaryotes. The subgenus was created in 1966 by Garnham. Species in this subgenus infect reptiles.

                                               

Vinckeia

Vinckeia is a subgenus of the genus Plasmodium - all of which are parasitic alveolates. The subgenus Vinckeia was created by Cyril Garnham in 1964 to accommodate the mammalian parasites other than those infecting the primates.

                                               

Austin Flint murmur

In cardiology, an Austin Flint murmur is a low-pitched rumbling heart murmur which is best heard at the cardiac apex. It can be a mid-diastolic or presystolic murmur It is associated with severe aortic regurgitation, although the role of this sig ...

                                               

Diastolic heart murmur

Diastolic heart murmurs are heart murmurs heard during diastole, i.e. they start at or after S2 and end before or at S1. Many involve stenosis of the atrioventricular valves or regurgitation of the semilunar valves.

                                               

Systolic heart murmur

Systolic heart murmurs are heart murmurs heard during systole, i.e. they begin and end between S1 and S2. Many involve stenosis of the semilunar valves or regurgitation of the atrioventricular valves.

                                               

7+3 (chemotherapy)

"7+3" in the context of chemotherapy is an acronym for a chemotherapy regimen that is most often used today as first-line induction therapy in acute myelogenous leukemia, excluding the acute promyelocytic leukemia form, which is better treated wi ...

                                               

ADE (chemotherapy)

ADE is a chemotherapy regimen most often used as an induction or consolidation regimen in acute myelogenous leukemia, especially in poor-risk patients or those refractory to the standard first-line induction with standard "7+3" regimen or who are ...

                                               

DAT (chemotherapy)

DAT in the context of chemotherapy is an acronym that means a chemotherapy regimen most often used as an induction regimen in acute myelogenous leukemia, usually for those who are refractory to the standard "7+3" induction regimen or who has rela ...

                                               

FLAG (chemotherapy)

FLAG is an acronym for a chemotherapy regimen used for relapsed and refractory acute myeloid leukemia. The standard FLAG regimen consists of: High-dose cytarabine A rabinofuranosyl cytidine, or ara-C: an antimetabolite that has been proven to be ...

                                               

Antifolate

Antifolates are a class of antimetabolite medications that antagonise the actions of folic acid. Folic acids primary function in the body is as a cofactor to various methyltransferases involved in serine, methionine, thymidine and purine biosynth ...

                                               

FOLFIRI

FOLFIRI is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of colorectal cancer. It is made up of the following drugs: FOL – folinic acid leucovorin, a vitamin B derivative used as a "rescue" drug for high doses of the drug methotrexate, but increases the c ...

                                               

FOLFOX

FOLFOX is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of colorectal cancer, made up of the drugs Folinic acid "FOL", Fluorouracil "F", and Oxaliplatin "OX".

                                               

FOLFOXIRI

FOLFOXIRI is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. The role of FOLFOXIRI in colorectal cancer has been reviewed. The chemotherapy regimen is made up of the following four drugs: IRI – irinotecan Camptosar, a topoisom ...

                                               

FOLFIRINOX

FOLFIRINOX is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. It is made up of the following four drugs: IRIN – irinotecan Camptosar, a topoisomerase inhibitor, which prevents DNA from uncoiling and duplicating; and OX – oxali ...

                                               

Alkylating antineoplastic agent

An alkylating antineoplastic agent is an alkylating agent used in cancer treatment that attaches an alkyl group to DNA. The alkyl group is attached to the guanine base of DNA, at the number 7 nitrogen atom of the purine ring. Since cancer cells, ...

                                               

Alkylsulfonates

                                               

Janus kinase 3 inhibitor

Janus Kinase 3 inhibitor s, also called JAK3 inhibitors, are a new class of immunomodulatory agents that inhibit Janus Kinase 3. They are used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The Janus Kinases is a family of four nonreceptor tyrosine-pr ...

                                               

Janus kinase inhibitor

Janus kinase inhibitors, also known as JAK inhibitors or jakinibs, are a type of medication that functions by inhibiting the activity of one or more of the Janus kinase family of enzymes, thereby interfering with the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. T ...

                                               

NS5B inhibitor

Non-structural protein 5B inhibitors are a class of direct acting antivirals widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Depending on site of action and chemical composition, NS5B inhibitors may be categorized into three classes – nucleo ...

                                               

BowelScreen

                                               

Islet cell carcinoma

                                               

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

                                               

Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia

                                               

Gastroblastoma

Gastroblastoma is a rare cancer that occurs in the stomach. Only six cases have been reported to date A single case of a similar lesion has been reported in the duodenum. The term "duodenoblastoma" has been suggested for this lesion.

                                               

Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor

Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors are neuroendocrine tumors localized to the lung: bronchus or pulmonary parenchyma. Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors include a spectrum of tumors from the low-grade typical pulmonary carcinoid tumor and intermediate- ...

                                               

Typical pulmonary carcinoid tumour

Typical pulmonary carcinoid tumour is a subtype of pulmonary carcinoid tumour. It is an uncommon low-grade malignant lung mass that is most often in the central airways of the lung.

                                               

Pulmonary adenocarcinoma

                                               

Arcuate line of ilium

The arcuate line of the ilium is a smooth rounded border on the internal surface of the ilium. It is immediately inferior to the iliac fossa and Iliacus muscle. It forms part of the border of the pelvic inlet. In combination with the pectineal li ...

                                               

Epiploic appendix

The epiploic appendices are small pouches of the peritoneum filled with fat and situated along the colon, but are absent in the rectum. They are chiefly appended to the transverse and sigmoid parts of the colon, however, their function is unknown ...

                                               

Iliac fossa

The iliac fossa is a large, smooth, concave surface on the internal surface of the ilium. The fossa is bounded above by the iliac crest, and below by the arcuate line; in front and behind, by the anterior and posterior borders of the ilium. The f ...

                                               

Nelatons line

In anatomy, the Nelatons Line is a theoretical line, in the moderately flexed hip, drawn from the anterior superior iliac spine to the tuberosity of the ischium. It was named for German surgeon and ophthalmologist Wilhelm Roser and French surgeon ...

                                               

Pelvic inlet

The pelvic inlet or superior aperture of the pelvis is a planar surface which defines the boundary between the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity. It is a major target of measurements of pelvimetry. Its position and orientation relative to th ...

                                               

Pelvic outlet

The lower circumference of the lesser pelvis is very irregular; the space enclosed by it is named the inferior aperture or pelvic outlet. It is an important component of pelvimetry.

                                               

Pelvis justo major

Pelvis justo major is a rare condition of the adult female pelvis where the pelvis flairs above the Iliopectineal line. It is 1.5 or more times larger than an average pelvis in every direction and is at least 42 cm biiliac width. Even though this ...

                                               

Recto-uterine pouch

The recto-uterine pouch, also known by various other names, is the extension of the peritoneal cavity between the rectum and the posterior wall of the uterus in the female human body.

                                               

Triradiate cartilage

The triradiate cartilage is the Y-shaped epiphyseal plate between the ilium, ischium and pubis to form the acetabulum of the os coxae.

                                               

Thoracic outlet

The thoracic outlet is the lower opening of the thoracic cavity whose edges are the lowest ribs. It is closed by the diaphragm, which separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. The thoracic outlet or inferior thoracic aperture is mu ...

                                               

Situs solitus

Situs solitus is the medical term referring to the normal position of thoracic and abdominal organs. Anatomically, this means that the heart is on the left with the pulmonary atrium on the right and the systemic atrium on the left along with the ...

                                               

Thoracic wall

The bony skeletal part of the thoracic wall is the rib cage, and the rest is made up of muscle, skin, and fasciae. The chest wall has 10 layers, namely skin, superficial fascia, deep fascia, serratus anterior, layer for ribs containing intercosta ...

                                               

Abdominal cavity

The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs. It is a part of the abdominopelvic cavity. It is located below the thoracic cavity, and above the pelvic cavity. Its dome-shaped roof is the t ...

                                               

Abdominal hair

Abdominal hair is the hair that grows on the abdomen of humans and non-human mammals, in the region between the pubic area and the thorax. The growth of abdominal hair follows the same pattern on nearly all mammals, vertically from the pubic area ...

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