Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 198

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 198

                                               

Software

Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work. This is in contrast to physical hardware, from which the system is built and actually performs the work. In computer scien ...

                                               

Utility software

Utility software is software designed to help to analyze, configure, optimize or maintain a computer. It is used to support the computer infrastructure - in contrast to application software, which is aimed at directly performing tasks that benefi ...

                                               

Device driver

In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer. A driver provides a software interface to hardware devices, enabling operating systems and other computer pr ...

                                               

Lake

A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, and therefore are distinct from lagoons, a ...

                                               

Pond

A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial, that is smaller than a lake. It may arise naturally in floodplains as part of a river system, or be a somewhat isolated depression. It may contain shallow water with aquatic plant ...

                                               

River

A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of water. Small ...

                                               

Gill (ravine)

A gill or ghyll is a ravine or narrow valley in the North of England and other parts of the United Kingdom. The word originates from the Old Norse gil. Examples include Dufton Ghyll Wood, Dungeon Ghyll, Trollers Gill and Trow Ghyll. As a related ...

                                               

Hydrosphere

The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet earth, minor planet or natural satellite. Although Earths hydrosphere has been around for longer than 4 billion years, it continues to change in shap ...

                                               

Terrain

Terrain or relief involves the vertical and horizontal dimensions of land surface. The term bathymetry is used to describe underwater relief, while hypsometry studies terrain relative to sea level. The Latin word terra means "earth." In physical ...

                                               

List of highest mountains on Earth

There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7.200 metres above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian and Eurasian continental plates. Only those summits are included that, ...

                                               

Summit

A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak, and zenith are synonymous. The term top mountain top is generally used only for a mountain peak that ...

                                               

Slope

In mathematics, the slope or gradient of a line is a number that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line. Slope is often denoted by the letter m ; there is no clear answer to the question why the letter m is used for slope, but ...

                                               

Scarp

Escarpment, a steep slope or long rock that occurs from erosion or faulting and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations Cliff, a significant vertical, or near vertical, rock exposure Fault scarp, the topographic expression of ...

                                               

Coyote Buttes

Coyote Buttes is a section of the Paria Canyon-Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness managed by the Bureau of Land Management, spanning extreme south-central Utah and north-central Arizona, south of US 89 halfway between Kanab, Utah and Page, Arizona. It i ...

                                               

Mountain pass

A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge. Since many of the worlds mountain ranges have presented formidable barriers to travel, passes have played a key role in trade, war, and both human and animal migration ...

                                               

Charlotte Pass, New South Wales

Charlotte Pass, elevation 1.837 metres, is a location, snow resort and village in the Snowy Mountains of New South Wales, Australia. The pass is located in the Kosciuszko National Park where the Kosciuszko Road crosses Kangaroo Ridge. Charlotte P ...

                                               

Valley

A valley is a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. In geology, a valley or dale is a depression that is longer than it is wide. The terms U-shaped and V-shaped are descriptive terms of geography to charac ...

                                               

Glacier

A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight. A glacier forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses indu ...

                                               

Moraine

A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth, through geomorphological processes. Moraines are formed from debris previously carried along by ...

                                               

Water

Water is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earths hydrosphere and the fluids of most living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it ...

                                               

Voda

Voda is "water" in several Slavic languages. Often used in East European geographical names: Dobra Voda disambiguation Bela Voda cf. other uses in other languages Voda may also refer to: Voda, Kansas "Voda" song, song by Ana Soklic representing S ...

                                               

Water (classical element)

Water is one of the elements in ancient Greek philosophy, in the Asian Indian system Panchamahabhuta, and in the Chinese cosmological and physiological system Wu Xing. In contemporary esoteric traditions, it is commonly associated with the qualit ...

                                               

Adriatic Sea

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula. The Adriatic is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto to the northwest and the Po Valley. The countries ...

                                               

Sea of Azov

The Sea of Azov is a sea in Eastern Europe connected to the Black Sea by the narrow Strait of Kerch, and is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea. The sea is bounded in the northwest by Ukraine, in the southeast by Russia. T ...

                                               

Sea of Åland

The Sea of Åland is a waterway in the southern Gulf of Bothnia, between the Åland islands and Sweden. It connects the Bothnian Sea with the Baltic Sea proper. The seas are often choppy here. The narrowest part is named South Kvarken. The trench r ...

                                               

Andaman Sea

The Andaman Sea is a marginal sea of northeastern Indian Ocean bounded by the coastlines of Myanmar and Thailand along the Gulf of Martaban and west side of the Malay Peninsula, and separated from the Bay of Bengal to its west by the Andaman Isla ...

                                               

Arabian Sea

The Arabian Sea is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, on the southeast by the Laccadive Sea, on the southwest by the Somal ...

                                               

Aral Sea

The Aral Sea was an endorheic lake lying between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to over 1.100 islands that had dotted its waters; in the Turkic languages and Mongolic languages aral means "is ...

                                               

Arafura Sea

The International Hydrographic Organization IHO defines the Arafura Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago. The IHO defines its limits as follows: On the North. The Southeastern limit of the Ceram Sea. On the East. The Sout ...

                                               

Argentine Sea

The Argentine Sea is the name given to the sea within the continental shelf off the Argentine mainland. It lacks international recognition but is symbolically important to Argentina for consolidating the countrys national unity behind the concept ...

                                               

Archipelago Sea

The Archipelago Sea is a part of the Baltic Sea between the Gulf of Bothnia, the Gulf of Finland and the Sea of Åland, within Finnish territorial waters. By some definitions it contains the largest archipelago in the world by the number of island ...

                                               

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the worlds oceanic divisions, covering 70.560.000 km 2 or 19.8% of the water on the Earths surface. It is bounded by Asia to the north, Africa to the west, and Australia to the east. To the south it is bou ...

                                               

Balearic Sea

The Balearic Sea is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands. It is not to be confused with the Alboran Sea or the Iberian shelf waters. The Ebro River flows into this small sea.

                                               

Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden, northeast Germany, Poland, Russia and the North and Central European Plain. The sea stretches from 53°N to 66°N latitud ...

                                               

Barents Sea

The Barents Sea is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia and divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters. Known among Russians in the Middle Ages as the Murman Sea, the current name ...

                                               

White Sea

The White Sea is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. The whole of the White Sea is under ...

                                               

Bering Sea

The Bering Sea is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. It forms, along with the Bering Strait, the divide between the two largest landmasses on Earth: Eurasia and The Americas. It comprises a deep water basin, which then rises through a narrow sl ...

                                               

South Aral Sea

The South Aral Sea was a lake in the basin of the former Aral Sea which formed in 1987 when that body divided in two, due to diversion of river inflow for agriculture. In 2003, the South Aral Sea itself split into eastern and western basins, the ...

                                               

Wadden Sea

The Wadden Sea zeː" ; German: Wattenmeer ; Low German: Wattensee or Waddenzee ; Danish: Vadehavet ; West Frisian: Waadsee ; North Frisian: di Heef) is an intertidal zone in the southeastern part of the North Sea. It lies between the coast of nort ...

                                               

Ionian Sea

The Ionian Sea is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea. It is connected to the Adriatic Sea to the north, and is bounded by Southern Italy, including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento peninsula to the west, southern Albania to the north, and ...

                                               

Irish Sea

The Irish Sea separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St Georges Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the North Channel, also known as the Straits of Mo ...

                                               

Caribbean Sea

The Caribbean Sea is an American Mediterranean Sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It is bounded by Mexico and Central America to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba, to ...

                                               

Kara Sea

The Kara Sea is part of the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia. It is separated from the Barents Sea to the west by the Kara Strait and Novaya Zemlya, and from the Laptev Sea to the east by the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. It is named after the Kara ...

                                               

Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is the worlds largest inland body of water, variously classed as the worlds largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It is an endorheic basin located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the ...

                                               

Celtic Sea

The Celtic Sea is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the south coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint Georges Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wa ...

                                               

Coral Sea

The Coral Sea is a marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion. The Coral Sea extends 2.000 kilometres down the Australian northeast coast. The sea was the location for ...

                                               

Red Sea

The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and th ...

                                               

Sea of Crete

The Sea of Crete or Cretan Sea, is a sea, part of the Aegean Sea, located in its Southern extremity. The sea stretches to the North of the island of Crete, East of the islands of Kythera and Antikythera, South of the Cyclades, and West of the Dod ...

                                               

Laccadive Sea

The Laccadive Sea or Lakshamandeep Sea is a body of water bordering India, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. It is located to the southwest of Karnataka, to the west of Kerala and to the south of Tamil Nadu. This warm sea has a stable water temperatur ...

                                               

Levantine Sea

The Levantine Sea is bordered by Turkey in the north, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and the Gaza Strip in the east, Egypt in the south, and the Aegean Sea in the northwest. The western border to the open Mediterranean there also called Libyan Sea is def ...

                                               

Libyan Sea

The Libyan Sea is the portion of the Mediterranean Sea north of the African coast of ancient Libya, i.e. Cyrenaica, and Marmarica. This designation was used by ancient Geographers describing the southern Mediterranean, but the term is also used b ...

                                               

Ligurian Sea

The Ligurian Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Italian Riviera and the island of Corsica. The sea is theorized to be named after the ancient Ligures people.

                                               

Littorina Sea

Littorina Sea is a geological brackish water stage of the Baltic Sea, which existed around 7500–4000 BP and followed the Mastogloia Sea, transitional stage of the Ancylus Lake. The Littorina Sea is named after common periwinkle, then a prevailing ...

                                               

Mediterranean sea (oceanography)

A mediterranean sea is, in oceanography, a mostly enclosed sea that has limited exchange of water with outer oceans and with water circulation dominated by salinity and temperature differences rather than winds. The eponymous Mediterranean Sea, f ...

                                               

Seto Inland Sea

The Seto Inland Sea, also known as Setouchi or often shortened to Inland Sea, is the body of water separating Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū, three of the five main islands of Japan. The region that includes the Seto Inland Sea and the coastal areas ...

                                               

Maloe More

Maloe More is a strait in Lake Baikal, Russia. It separates the largest island of the lake, Olkhon Island, from the western shore of Baikal. The length of the strait is about 70 km and width 5 – 16 km. The maximum depth is 210 m in the northern p ...

                                               

North Aral Sea

The North Aral Sea is the portion of the former Aral Sea that is fed by the Syr Darya River. It split from the South Aral Sea in 1987-1988 as water levels dropped due to river diversion for agriculture. The poorly built Dike Kokaral intended to c ...

                                               

Sea of Marmara

The Sea of Marmara, also known as the Sea of Marmora or the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey, that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus sep ...

                                               

Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. Its surface and shores are 430.5 metres 1.412 ft below sea level, ...

                                               

Bismarck Sea

The Bismarck Sea lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean within the nation of Papua New Guinea. It is located northeast of the island of New Guinea and south of the Bismarck Archipelago. It has coastlines in districts of the Islands Region, Momase ...

                                               

Norwegian Sea

The Norwegian Sea is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean, northwest of Norway between the North Sea and the Greenland Sea, adjoining the Barents Sea to the northeast. In the southwest, it is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a submarine ridge r ...

                                               

List of seas

A marginal sea is a division of an ocean, partially enclosed by islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas, adjacent to or widely open to the open ocean at the surface, and/or bounded by submarine ridges on the sea floor. Sea has several definitions Oc ...

                                               

Sargasso Sea

The Sargasso Sea is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean bounded by four currents forming an ocean gyre. Unlike all other regions called seas, it has no land boundaries. It is distinguished from other parts of the Atlantic Ocean by its characteri ...

                                               

Tasman Sea

The Tasman Sea is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand. It measures about 2.000 km across and about 2.800 km from north to south. The sea was named after the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, wh ...

                                               

Timor Sea

The Timor Sea is a relatively shallow sea bounded to the north by the island of Timor, to the east by the Arafura Sea, to the south by Australia. The sea contains a number of reefs, uninhabited islands and significant hydrocarbon reserves. Intern ...

                                               

Turgai Sea

The Turgai Sea or Turgai Strait, also known as the West Siberian Sea, was a large shallow body of salt water of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras. It extended north of the present-day Caspian Sea to the "paleo-Arctic" region, and was in existence fr ...

                                               

Shantar Sea

The Shantar Sea is a small coastal sea in the northwestern Sea of Okhotsk. It is bounded to the north by Bolshoy Shantar Island, to the east by Malyy Shantar Island, and to the south by Tugur Bay.

                                               

Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas. The sea has an area of some 215.000 square kilometres. In the north, the Aegean is connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black Se ...

                                               

South China Sea

The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around 3.500.000 square kilometres. The sea carries tremendous strategic importance; on ...

                                               

Java Sea

The Java Sea is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf. It lies between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east. Karimata Strait to its northwest links it to the South C ...

                                               

Sea of Japan

The Sea of Japan is the marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula and Russia. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Japan, Korea and Russia. Like the Mediterranean ...

                                               

East China Sea

The East China Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean, located directly east of East China, covering an area of roughly 1.249.000 square kilometers. Its northern extension between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula is the Yellow ...

                                               

East Siberian Sea

The East Siberian Sea is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. It is located between the Arctic Cape to the north, the coast of Siberia to the south, the New Siberian Islands to the west and Cape Billings, close to Chukotka, and Wrangel Island to t ...

                                               

Sea of the Hebrides

The Sea of the Hebrides is a portion of the North Atlantic Ocean, located off the coast of western Scotland, separating the mainland and the northern Inner Hebrides islands - including Skye and the Small Isles - from the southern Outer Hebrides i ...

                                               

Greenland Sea

The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south. The Greenland Sea is often defined as pa ...

                                               

Yellow Sea

The Yellow Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean located between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula, and can be considered the northwestern part of the East China Sea. It is one of four seas named after common colour terms, and ...

                                               

Western Interior Seaway

The Western Interior Seaway was a large inland sea that existed during the mid- to late Cretaceous period as well as the very early Paleogene, splitting the legs the continent of North America into two landmasses, Laramidia to the west and Appala ...

                                               

Yoldia Sea

Yoldia Sea is a name given by geologists to a variable brackish-water stage in the Baltic Sea basin that prevailed after the Baltic ice lake was drained to sea level during the Weichsel glaciation. Dates for the Yoldia sea are obtained mainly by ...

                                               

Icarian Sea

The Icarian Sea is a subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea that lies between the Cyclades and Asia Minor. It is described as the part of the Aegean Sea to the south of Chios, to the east of the Eastern Cyclades and west of Anatolia. It contains th ...

                                               

Molucca Sea

The Molucca Sea is located in the western Pacific Ocean, around the vicinity of Indonesia, specifically bordered by the Indonesian Islands of Celebes to the west, Halmahera to the east, and the Sula Islands to the south. The Molucca Sea has a tot ...

                                               

Myrtoan Sea

The Myrtoan Sea, also written as the Mirtoan Sea, is a subdivision of the Mediterranean Sea that lies between the Cyclades and Peloponnese. It is described as the part of the Aegean Sea south of Euboea, Attica, and Argolis. Some of the water mass ...

                                               

International waters

The terms international waters or trans-boundary waters apply where any of the following types of bodies of water transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, ...

                                               

Sea of Okhotsk

The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of ...

                                               

Pannonian Sea

The Pannonian Sea was a shallow ancient sea, where the Pannonian Basin in Central Europe is now. The Pannonian Sea existed during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, when a 3–4 km depth of marine sediments were deposited in the Pannonian Basin.

                                               

Pechora Sea

Pechora Sea, is a sea at the northwest of Russia, the southeastern part of the Barents Sea. The western border of the sea is off Kolguyev Island, while the eastern border is the western coasts of Vaygach Island and the Yugorsky Peninsula, and the ...

                                               

Black Sea

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni. T ...

                                               

Black Sea undersea river

The Black Sea undersea river is a current of particularly saline water flowing through the Bosphorus Strait and along the seabed of the Black Sea. The discovery of the river, announced on 1 August 2010, was made by scientists at the University of ...

                                               

Philippine Sea

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of 5 million square kilometres. The Philippine Sea Plate forms the floor of the sea, which forms a portion of the western North Pacific ...

                                               

Chukchi Sea

Chukchi Sea, sometimes referred to as the Chuuk Sea, Chukotsk Sea or the Sea of Chukotsk, is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. It is bounded on the west by the Long Strait, off Wrangel Island, and in the east by Point Barrow, Alaska, beyond whi ...

                                               

World Ocean

The World Ocean or Global Ocean is the interconnected system of Earths oceanic waters, and comprises the bulk of the hydrosphere, covering 361.132.000 square kilometres or 139.434.000 square miles of Earths surface, with a total volume of roughly ...

                                               

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the worlds oceans, with an area of about 106.460.000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of Earths surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" ...

                                               

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earths oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the ...

                                               

Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean, comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, generally taken to be south of 60° S latitude and encircling Antarctica. As such, it is regarded as the second-small ...

                                               

Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the worlds five major oceans. It is also known as the coldest of all the oceans. The International Hydrographic Organization recognizes it as an ocean, although some oceanographers call it the Ar ...

                                               

Ocean

An ocean is a body of water that composes much of a planets hydrosphere. On Earth, an ocean is one of the major conventional divisions of the World Ocean. These are, in descending order by area, the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic ...

                                               

Ninety Mile Beach, New Zealand

Ninety Mile Beach is on the western coast of the far north of the North Island of New Zealand. The beach is actually 88 kilometres long. Its southern end is close to the headland of Reef Point, to the west of Ahipara Bay, near Kaitaia. From there ...

                                               

Amager Strandpark

Amager Strandpark is a seaside public park in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located on the island of Amager and includes an artificial island and offers a total of 4.6 km of beaches. From the beach, the Middelgrunden wind farm can be seen on the hor ...

                                               

Nude beach

A nude beach, sometimes called a clothing-optional or free beach, is a beach where users are at liberty to be nude. Nude beaches usually have mixed bathing. Such beaches are usually on public lands, and any member of the public is allowed to use ...

                                               

Glass Beach (Fort Bragg, California)

Glass Beach is a beach adjacent to MacKerricher State Park near Fort Bragg, California, that is abundant in sea glass created from years of dumping garbage into an area of coastline near the northern part of the town.

                                               

AIDAcara

AIDAcara was built for Deutsche Seetouristik/Arkona Reisen as a Clubschiff Club Ship, and was launched in 1996 under the name AIDA. When P&O Cruises purchased a controlling stake in Arkona Reisen in 1999, they transferred the ship, and it bec ...

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