Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 182

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 182

                                               

Visa policy of Saudi Arabia

Visitors to Saudi Arabia must obtain a visa unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries. Some visitors can obtain a visa on arrival or online, while others need to apply to one of the Saudi diplomatic missions in advance. All visitors ...

                                               

Visa policy of Ukraine

Visitors to Ukraine must obtain a visa from one of the Ukrainian diplomatic missions or online unless they come from one of the visa exempt countries.

                                               

Visa policy of Japan

Visitors to Japan must obtain a visa from one of the Japanese diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the countries of the visa regime-release. The Japanese government currently allows citizens of 68 countries / territories to travel to ...

                                               

Visa policy of Azerbaijan

Visitors to Azerbaijan must obtain a visa from one of the Azerbaijani diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa-free countries eligible for visa on arrival or countries eligible for e-visa. Visitors must have a passport valid for ...

                                               

Visa policy of Thailand

Visitors to Thailand must obtain a visa from one of the Thai diplomatic missions unless they come from the extension of the visa of the country or countries whose citizens are eligible to obtain visas on arrival. Currently, Thailand offers visa-f ...

                                               

Arctic policy of the European Union

The EU has three objectives in its Arctic policy: International cooperation. (Международное сотрудничество) Protection and preservation of the Arctic region in unison with its population. Promote sustainable use of resources. Three countries in t ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Iceland

Arctic policy of Iceland refers to the foreign policy of Iceland in relation to the Arctic region. Iceland is a member of the Arctic Council. Iceland did not agree that the Arctic five have to answer separately, as they did on the Arctic conferen ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Canada

Arctic policy of Canada includes both the foreign policy of Canada in the Arctic and Canadas domestic policy towards its Arctic territories. This includes the transfer of authority in the territories. Politics Canadas Arctic includes plans and co ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Norway

Arctic policy of Norway foreign relations with other Arctic countries, and Norway government policy on issues arising within the geographical boundaries of "the Arctic" or related to the Arctic and its people. Since Norway is the Arctic power, Ar ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Russia

Arctic policy of Russia domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation concerning the Russian region of the Arctic. The Russian Arctic region is defined in the "Russian Arctic policy", like all the Russian possessions located North of the ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Finland

Arctic policy Finlands international relations with other Arctic countries, Finland and public policy on issues arising within the geographical boundaries of "the Arctic" or related to the Arctic and its peoples. As Finland is itself an Arctic na ...

                                               

Arctic policy of Sweden

Arctic policy of Sweden the Swedish foreign relations with other Arctic countries, and Swedish public policy on issues arising within the geographical boundaries of "the Arctic" or related to the Arctic and its peoples. As Sweden is itself an Arc ...

                                               

Arctic policy of South Korea

Arctic policy of South Korea South Koreas foreign relations with Arctic countries, and his views and actions on issues arising within the geographical boundaries of "the Arctic" or relevant to the Arctic and its peoples.

                                               

Public policy

Public policy is the process by which governments translate their political vision into programmes and actions to achieve results - the desired changes in the real world. The real world is constantly changing and this has resulted in a movement t ...

                                               

Group Policy

Group policy is a feature of Microsoft Windows NT-family of operating systems that controls the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts. Group policy provides centralized management and configuration of operating systems, appli ...

                                               

Public housing

Public housing is form of housing tenure in which the property usually is owned by the state authority which may be Central or local. Social housing or rental housing which may be owned and operated by government, nonprofit organizations, or a co ...

                                               

Macroprudential regulation

Macroprudential regulation is an approach to financial regulation aimed to mitigate risks to the financial system as a whole. After the end of the 2000 years of the financial crisis, there is a growing consensus among policymakers and economic re ...

                                               

Human resource policies

Human resources are continuing guidelines on the approach the organization intends to adopt in managing its people. They represent specific recommendations for HR managers on various issues relating to the employment and intentions of the organiz ...

                                               

Realpolitik

Real politics is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations taking into account the circumstances and factors, rather than explicit ideological and ethical background. In this respect, it shares aspects of its philosophical approach ...

                                               

Regional policy

Regional policy aimed at improving economic conditions in the regions, relative weakness, either in the country or supranational grouping such as the European Union. His main tool is public investment.

                                               

Politics of Alberta

Politics of Alberta focused on a provincial government resembling that in other canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of the province is Edmonton, where the provincial legislative building i ...

                                               

Politics of Argentina

The policies of Argentina will be held in the framework of what the Constitution defines as Federal President representative Democratic Republic where the President of Argentina is both head of state and head of government. The legislative power ...

                                               

Politics of Bhutan

The government of Bhutan has been a constitutional monarchy since 18 July 2008. The king of Bhutan is head of state. Executive power is exercised by the Lhengye Zhungtshog, or Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister. Legislative power ...

                                               

Politics of North Korea

Politics of North Korea takes place in the framework of the official state philosophy, Juche, is a concept created by Hwang Chang of jopa and later attributed to Kim Il sung. Juche theory is the belief that through independence and a strong indep ...

                                               

Politics of Canada

Canadas policy in the framework of parliamentary democracy and a Federal system of parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions. Canada is a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is head of state. In practice the Executive br ...

                                               

Politics of Quebec

Politics of Quebec focused on a provincial government resembling that in other canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of québec is québec city, where the Vice-Governor, Prime Minister, Parlia ...

                                               

Politics of Mexico

The policy of Mexico will be held in the framework of a Federal presidential representative Democratic Republic whose government is based on a system of Congress, whereby the President of Mexico is both head of state and head of government and a ...

                                               

Politics of New Brunswick

New Brunswick has, as the legislative Council was abolished by the act approved April 16, 1891, a unicameral Parliament called the Legislative Assembly of new Brunswick with 49 seats. The legislature, functions of the Westminster system of govern ...

                                               

Politics of Ontario

The province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral Parliament, the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The political party that received the largest number of seats in the legi ...

                                               

Politics of Kosovo

Politics of Kosovo takes place in a multi-party parliamentary representative Democratic Republic, whereby the President is head of state and Prime Minister head of government. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, the latest in 2019. ...

                                               

Politics of Saskatchewan

Politics of Saskatchewan are part of the Canadian Federal political system along with the other canadian provinces. Saskatchewan acts the Governor-General, who is the representative of the Supreme power in Saskatchewan, the Prime Minister, Scott ...

                                               

Environmental policy

Environmental policy is an obligation of the organization or of the government, laws, regulations and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues. These issues generally include air pollution and water quality, waste management, ecosy ...

                                               

Pricing strategies

The company can use different pricing strategies when selling a product or service. The price can be set to maximize profitability for every sold unit of goods or of the market as a whole. It can be used to defend an existing market from new play ...

                                               

Language policy

Language policy is an interdisciplinary scientific field. Some scholars, such as Joshua A. Fishman and Ofelia Garcia to consider it in the framework of sociolinguistics. On the other hand, other scholars such as Bernard Spolsky, Robert B. Kaplan ...

                                               

Language policy in Latvia

Articles 4 and 114 of Constitution of Latvia form the basis of the language policy in Latvia, declaring Latvian the official state language and affirming the rights of ethnic minorities to preserve and develop their languages. The Livonian langua ...

                                               

Language policy in France

France has one official language, French. The French government does not regulate the choice of language in publications by individuals but the use of French is compulsory by law in commercial and communication in the workplace. In addition to ma ...

                                               

Fiscal policy

In Economics and political science, Fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection and spending to influence the economy. The use of public revenue and expenditure to influence the macroeconomic variables was the result of the great De ...

                                               

Budgetary policy

Fiscal policy-the government attempts to run a budget in equilibrium or in surplus. The aim is to reduce the public debt. It is not the same as fiscal policy, which concerns the fiscal stimulus, the redistribution of taxes and the generosity of p ...

                                               

Finance system in Azerbaijan

The financial system in Azerbaijan consists of state policy and mechanisms for borrowing and lending and the transfer of assets. The system consists of banks, insurance companies, other financial institutions, pension systems, financial markets a ...

                                               

Politics of the European Union

Policy of the European Union are different from other organisations and States due to the unique nature of the European Union. EU is similar to a Confederation, where many policy areas are federalised into common institutions capable of making la ...

                                               

Agricultural policy

Agricultural policy describes a number of laws relating to domestic agriculture and imports of foreign agricultural products. Governments usually implement agricultural policies with the aim of achieving a specific outcome in the domestic agricul ...

                                               

Dividend policy

Dividend policy tied to financial policies regarding the payment of cash dividends in the present or paying an increased dividend at a later stage. Whether to issue dividends and in what amount, is determined mainly on the basis of profits of the ...

                                               

Politics (disambiguation)

Politics is the process observed in all human interactions of group, which groups make decisions, including acting on behalf of specific issues or causes. Policy may also refer to:

                                               

Policy

Policy is a deliberate system of principles for decision making and achieving rational results. A policy is a statement of intent, and is implemented as a procedure or Protocol. Policies usually taken by the management body in the organization. P ...

                                               

European Neighbourhood Policy

The European neighbourhood policy is a foreign relations instrument of the European Union, which seeks to tie those countries to the East and South of the European territory of the EU. These countries, primarily developing countries, include thos ...

                                               

Common Agricultural Policy

Common agricultural policy the agricultural policy of the European Union. It implements system of agricultural subsidies and other programmes. It was introduced in 1962 and has undergone several changes since then, to cut costs and to consider th ...

                                               

Regional policy of the European Union

Regional policy of the European Union, also known as Cohesion policy is a policy with the stated aim of improving the economic well being of regions in the EU and to reduce regional disparities. More than a third of the EU budget devoted to this ...

                                               

Critical accounting policy

In public corporate Finance, a critical accounting policy is the policy of the company or industry, which is considered particularly high subjective element, and which has a significant impact on the financial statements of the organization. This ...

                                               

Trump tariffs

Smokin tariffs are a number of tariffs imposed by the United States during the presidency of Donald trump as part of his "America first" economic policy to reduce trade deficit of the US, shifting Us trade policy multilateral free trade agreement ...

                                               

Trade policy of South Korea

Trade policy of South Korea. In 1945 Korea was liberated from the Japanese Empire at the end of the Second world war. Devastating drought in 1958 forced Korea to import large volumes of food grains. In 1950 the Korean war broke out, which destroy ...

                                               

Politics of British Columbia

Politics of British Columbia involves not only the governance of British Columbia, Canada, and various political groups, which are held or claimed for the legislature, but a series of experiments and attempts at political and electoral reforms.

                                               

Politics of Prince Edward Island

Politics of Prince Edward Island focused on a provincial government resembling that in other canadian provinces. The capital of the province of Prince Edward Island is Charlottetown, where the Governor and Prime Minister live, and provincial legi ...

                                               

Politics of Transnistria

Politics of Transnistria, a de facto independent state-de jure part of the Republic of Moldova in Eastern Europe, takes place in the framework of a semi-presidential Republic in which the President of Transnistria is head of state and Prime Minis ...

                                               

Politics of Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is a parliamentary democracy. The legislature consists of the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia and fifty-one members, representing their constituencies in the house of new build in Scotland. As Canadas head of state, Queen Elizabeth ...

                                               

Politics of Manitoba

Manitoba is controlled by the unicameral Legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, similar to other canadian provinces and territories. The Executive power is formed by the majority party, the party leader is Prime Minister of Manitoba, ...

                                               

Foreign relations of San Marino

San Marino is an independent and sovereign member of the international community. It maintains an extensive diplomatic network in connection with its diminutive size and active foreign policy and international presence.

                                               

Common Foreign and Security Policy

The common foreign and security policy is the organised, agreed foreign policy European Union security and defence diplomacy and actions. CFSP deals only with a certain part of EU external relations, which domains include mainly trade and commerc ...

                                               

Evidence-based policy

Evidence-based policy is a term often used in different areas of public policy to address the situation, when political decisions are dictated by a strict set of objective evidence. Underlying many calls for evidence-based policy often concern ab ...

                                               

Open Door Policy

Open door policy is a term in foreign Affairs initially used to refer to the policy of the United States, founded in the late 19th century and early 20th century, which will provide a system of trade in China open to all countries equally. It was ...

                                               

Good Neighbor policy

Good neighbor policy-the foreign policy of the administration of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt towards Latin America. Although the policy of the Roosevelt administration, the US President Woodrow Wilson used this term, but subsequently went t ...

                                               

Politics of Armenia

Politics of Armenia takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative Democratic Republic of Armenia according to which Armenias President is head of state and the Prime Minister, head of government and a multiparty system. Executive ...

                                               

Politics of Zimbabwe

Politics of Zimbabwe takes place in the framework of a full presidential Republic where the President is head of state and government as organized by the 2013 Constitution. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vest ...

                                               

Politics of Lesotho

Politics of Lesotho takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Lesotho is the head of government and a multiparty system. Executive power is exercised by the go ...

                                               

Politics of Mongolia

Politics of Mongolia takes place in framework of presidential representative Democratic Republic and a multiparty system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and Par ...

                                               

Politics of Myanmar

Myanmar is a unitary parliamentary Republic in accordance with its Constitution of 2008. Economist intelligence unit rating of Myanmar is "an authoritarian regime" in 2018. Military from Burma holds a large amount of power in the government, desp ...

                                               

Politics of Pakistan

Politics of Pakistan takes place within the framework established by the Constitution. The country is a Federal parliamentary Republic, in which provincial governments enjoy a high degree of autonomy and remaining powers. The Executive power is v ...

                                               

Politics of Serbia

The politics of Serbia function within the framework of parliamentary democracy. The Prime Minister heads the government, and the President is head of state. Serbia is a parliamentary Republic consisting of three branches of government: Executive ...

                                               

Politics of South Sudan

Politics of South Sudan concern the system of government in the Republic of South Sudan, a country in East Africa, and the people, organizations and events happening in it.

                                               

One-China policy

The one China policy is the policy, claiming that there is only one sovereign state called China, in contrast to the idea that there are two States, China and Republic of China, whose official titles include "China". Many States have a policy of ...

                                               

Zero interest-rate policy

A zero interest rate policy is a macroeconomic concept describing conditions with a very low nominal interest rates, for example, in modern Japan, and from December 2008 to December 2015 in the United States. ZIRP is considered an unconventional ...

                                               

Sole Survivor Policy

The sole survivor policy or DoD Directive 1315.15 "a special group policies for survivorship" describes a set of rules in the US army, designed to protect family members from the draft or from combat duty if they have already lost family members ...

                                               

Three Alls Policy

Three Alls policy was a Japanese policy of "scorched earth" was adopted in China during world war II, the three "alls" being "kill all, burn all, loot all". This policy was developed in retaliation against the Chinese Communist-Led hundred regime ...

                                               

Politics and the English Language

"Politics and the English language" an essay by George Orwell, who criticized "ugly and inaccurate" written English of his time and examines the connection between political orthodoxies and humiliation language. The essay focuses on political lan ...

                                               

Racial policy of Nazi Germany

Racial policy of Nazi Germany was a set of rules and laws passed in Nazi Germany based on a specific racist doctrine asserting the superiority of the Aryan race, which claimed scientific legitimacy. This combined with a eugenics programme that ai ...

                                               

Chinese economic reform

The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms the term "socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "socialist market economy" in China, which reformists within the Communist party of China headed by Deng Xiaoping - began ...

                                               

Self-Strengthening Movement

Movement of the self also known as Westernization or Western movement of cases S. 1861 – 1895, was a period of institutional reforms initiated in China during the Qing dynasty after the military disasters of the Opium wars. The British and French ...

                                               

Common Security and Defence Policy

The common security policy and defence the European unions actions in the field of defence and crisis management, as well as a major component of the EU common foreign and security policy. Apbo includes military or civilian mission deployed to pr ...

                                               

Drug policy of the Netherlands

While the recreational use, possession and trade in drugs is described by the law of opium are technically illegal under the laws of the Netherlands, the official policy since the late 20th century, was openly tolerate all recreational use, but t ...

                                               

Politics (Aristotle)

Politics is a work of political philosophy by Aristotle in the 4th century BC Greek philosopher. At the end of the Nicomachean ethics declared that the inquiry into ethics necessarily follows into politics, and two works are often an integral par ...

                                               

Security policy

Security policy is a definition of what it means to be secure for a system, organization or other legal entity. For organizations, it addresses the constraints on behavior of its members, as well as constraints imposed on adversaries by using mec ...

                                               

Politics of memory

Politics of memory is the organization of collective memory of political agents, political means, which is remembered and recorded, or discarded. In the end, the politics of memory can determine how history is written and passed. Memories is infl ...

                                               

Password policy

Password policy is a set of rules designed to enhance computer security by encouraging users to use strong passwords and use them properly. Password policy is often part of organizations official regulations and may be taught within the classroom ...

                                               

Sōshi-kaimei

Sōshi-kaimei was a policy of pressure on the Koreans under Japanese occupation to accept Japanese names. It consisted of two parts. Order No. 19, issued in 1939, required sōshi, literally "creation name"). Decree No. 20, issued in 1940, permitted ...

                                               

Dog-whistle politics

Dog-whistle politics political messaging using coded language that seems to mean for the population of the General public, and at the same time have additional, different or more specific resonance for a targeted subgroup. The analogy to a dog wh ...

                                               

Appeasement

Peace in the international context of diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive energy in order to avoid conflict. The term is most often applied to the foreign policy of the British government Prime Ministers ...

                                               

Statism in Shōwa Japan

Showa statism was a political syncretism of Japanese extreme right-wing political ideologies, for the period from the Meiji Restoration. This is sometimes also referred to as Showa nationalism or Japanese fascism. This statist movement dominated ...

                                               

Fraction

In common usage a fraction in any part of the unit, for example: Part mathematics, one or more equal parts of something, e.g. three out of four equal quarters, written as 3 / 4. Algebraic a specified division in which the divisor, or both dividen ...

                                               

Red Army Faction

The red Army faction, also known as the Baader–Meinhof and Baader–Meinhof gang was West German far-left militant organization, founded in 1970. Key early indicators of Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin, Horst Mahler and Ulrike Meinhof, among others. ...

                                               

Fraction of Upholders of the Proclamation

The fraction of supporters of the proclamation was a parliamentary group in the Indonesian representative of the Council of Nations, established after the parliamentary elections of 1955. The group included ten members of Parliament. The group wa ...

                                               

Military

The military is heavily armed, well organized force in the first place intended for warfare, also known collectively as the armed forces. It is usually officially permitted and supported by a sovereign state, with its members to identify their in ...

                                               

United States Army

The US army is a branch of the land service of the military actions of the Armed forces of the United States. It is one of eight U.S. troops, and intended as the United States army in the US Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of t ...

                                               

Aztec warfare

Aztec war concerns the aspects associated with the militaristic conventions, forces, weaponry and strategic expansions conducted late Postclassic Aztec civilizations of Mesoamerica, including particularly the military history of the Aztec Triple ...

                                               

Army of Islam (Gaza Strip)

The army of Islam, officially the Army of Islam group in Jerusalem, a Salafist militant jihadist organization in the Gaza strip. It was founded by the Doghmush clan in 2006 and is based in the area Tzabra in the Central Gaza strip. The group was ...

                                               

Army National Guard

Army National guard, in conjunction with the air National guard, the organized police force and Federal military reserve of the U.S. air force. They are simultaneously part of two different organizations, the army National guard of the several St ...

                                               

Weapon

Arms, hands for weapons or any implement or device that can be used with intent to cause damage or harm. Weapons are used to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of activities such as hunting, crime, law enforcement, self defense, and war. I ...

                                               

Weapon of mass destruction

Weapons of mass destruction is a nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, or any other weapon that can kill and bring significant harm to many people or cause great damage to human-made structures, natural structures, or the biosphere. Scope ...

                                               

Brazil and weapons of mass destruction

In the 1970s and 80s, during the military regime in Brazil had a secret program to create nuclear weapons. The program was dismantled in 1990, five years after the military regime ended, and Brazil is free of weapons of mass destruction. Brazil i ...

                                               

Israel and weapons of mass destruction

Israel is widely believed to possess weapons of mass destruction, and should be one of the four countries with nuclear weapons is not recognized as States possessing nuclear weapons under the Treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. Off ...

                                               

China and weapons of mass destruction

Peoples Republic of China has developed and possessed weapons of mass destruction, including chemical and nuclear weapons. The first nuclear weapon test was held in China in 1964 and its first hydrogen bomb test occurred in 1967. Testing continue ...

                                               

Russia and weapons of mass destruction

According to the Federation of American scientists, an organization that assesses the stockpile of nuclear weapons, starting in 2018, Russia has about 6.500 nuclear warheads". In addition to nuclear weapons, Russia declared an Arsenal 39.967 tonn ...

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