Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 177

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 177

                                               

Patriotic Party (Guatemala)

The Patriotic Party was a conservative political party in Guatemala. It was founded on 24 February 2001 by retired Army General Otto Perez Molina. Strongly compromised by corruption cases, the party fell from 36% support in 2011 to 4% in 2015. It ...

                                               

Patriotic Party of Pridnestrovie

The founding congress of the PPP was held on 4 August 2006, the most notable attendees of which were the Union of Defenders of Pridnestrovie, the Union of Afghan War Veterans and the Womens League of Pridnestrovie, who all merged into one politic ...

                                               

Tibetan horn

The Tibetan horn is a long trumpet or horn used in Tibetan Buddhist and Mongolian buddhist ceremonies. It is the most widely used instrument in Tibetan Buddhist culture. It is often played in pairs or multiples, and the sound is compared to the s ...

                                               

Wagner tuba

The Wagner tuba is an infrequently-used brass instrument that combines tonal elements of both the French horn and the trombone. Wagner tubas are also referred to as Wagner horns or Bayreuth tubas in English and as Bayreuth-Tuben or simply Tuben i ...

                                               

Virginals

The virginals is a keyboard instrument of the harpsichord family. It was popular in Europe during the late Renaissance and early baroque periods.

                                               

Ruling party

The ruling party or governing party or political party in a democratic parliamentary system is the current political party or coalition of the majority in parliament, that administers the affairs of state. In many other democratic republic countr ...

                                               

Çeng

Not to be confused with CEng the post-nominal for Chartered Engineer or the company CENG Constellation Energy Nuclear Group. The çeng is a Turkish harp. It was a popular Ottoman instrument until the last quarter of the 17th century. The ancestor ...

                                               

Bass guitar

The bass guitar, electric bass is the lowest pitched member of the guitar family. It is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and typic ...

                                               

Synthesizer

A synthesizer is an electronic musical instrument that generates audio signals. Synthesizers generate audio through methods including subtractive synthesis, additive synthesis, and frequency modulation synthesis. These sounds may be shaped and mo ...

                                               

Electric piano

An electric piano is an electric musical instrument which produces sounds when a performer presses the keys of the piano-style musical keyboard. Pressing keys causes mechanical hammers to strike metal strings, metal reeds or wire tines, leading t ...

                                               

List of political parties in Åland

Åland has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which a party often has no chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

                                               

List of political parties in Brazil

Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers Party, the Brazilian Democratic Movement, the Social Liberal Party and the Democrats together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputi ...

                                               

European political party

A European political party is a type of political party organisation operating transnationally in Europe and in the institutions of the European Union. They are regulated and funded by the European Union and are usually made up of national partie ...

                                               

List of political parties in Israel

Israels political system, based on proportional representation, allows for a multi-party system with numerous parties represented in the 120-seat Knesset. A typical Knesset includes many factions represented. This is because of the low election t ...

                                               

List of political parties in Italy

Political parties in Italy are numerous and since World War II no party has ever gained enough support to govern alone. Parties thus form political alliances and coalition governments. In the 2018 general election three groupings obtained most of ...

                                               

List of political parties in Kazakhstan

This article lists political parties in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is a dominant-party state with Nur-Otan in power. Although other parties are nominally legal, they do not have any realistic chance of winning.

                                               

List of political parties in Canada

In contrast with the political party systems of many nations, Canadian parties at the federal level are often only loosely connected with parties at the provincial level, despite having similar names. One exception is the New Democratic Party, wh ...

                                               

List of political parties in South Korea

This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system, characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

                                               

List of political parties in North Macedonia

Macedonian and multiethnic: Dignity Dostoinstvo/Достоинство Democratic Union Demokratski sojuz/Демократски Сојуз Democratic Renewal of Macedonia Demokratska obnova na Makedonija/Демократска обнова на Македонија Internal Macedonian Revolutionary O ...

                                               

List of political parties in Finland

This article is a list of political parties in Finland, which includes Finlands national-level political parties and excludes local and provincial parties. A party is defined as a political association whose existence is recorded in the Ministry ...

                                               

General line of the party

In the terminology of communism, the general line of the party or simply the general line refers to the directives of the governing bodies of a party which define the partys politics. The term was in common use by the Communist Party of the Sovie ...

                                               

Gold party

A gold party is similar to a Tupperware party in that a small group gathers at a hosts home to sell their gold jewelry to a gold buyer. They were popular as people looked for ways to raise money during the Obama Recession. The buyer, generally, w ...

                                               

History of the Communist Party of China

After the conclusion of World War II, the civil war resumed between the Kuomintang and the Communists. Despite initial gains by the KMT, they were eventually defeated and forced to flee to off-shore islands, most notably Taiwan. In the war, the U ...

                                               

The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto, originally the Manifesto of the Communist Party, is an 1848 political document by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Commissioned by the Communist League and originally published in London just as the Rev ...

                                               

Republican National Committee

The Republican National Committee is a U.S. political committee that leads the Republican Party of the United States. It is responsible for developing and promoting the Republican political platform, as well as coordinating fundraising and electi ...

                                               

12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam

The 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam was elected at the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam in January 2016. The 12th Central Committee elected the 12th Politburo and the 12th Secretariat.

                                               

List of political parties in Austria

This article lists political parties in Austria. Austria has a multi-party system. Of the over 1100 registered political parties, only few are known to the larger public. Since the 1980s, four parties have consistently received enough votes to ge ...

                                               

List of political parties in Azerbaijan

This article lists political parties in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is a one party dominant state. Opposition parties against the New Azerbaijan Party are functioning, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power. As of 2018, 55 p ...

                                               

List of political parties in Albania

Albania has a multi-party system with two major political parties and a third party that is electorally successful. According to official data from the Central Election Commission, there were a total of 124 political parties listed in the party r ...

                                               

List of political parties in Andorra

Andorra has a multi-party system. The party system in Andorra has changed dramatically since the adoption of the new Constitution in 1993. Prior to that, there was no national circumscription in the elections and political parties were essentiall ...

                                               

List of political parties in Armenia

This article lists political parties in Armenia. Armenia has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, who mostly work with each other to form coalition governments, with some parties having a history of changing in and out of governm ...

                                               

Political parties in Belgium

Belgium is a federal state with a multi-party political system, with numerous parties who factually have no chance of gaining power alone, and therefore must work with each other to form coalition governments. Almost all Belgian political parties ...

                                               

List of political parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. Every ethnic community has its own domina ...

                                               

List of political parties in Bhutan

In Bhutan, political parties need to be registered with Election Commission to contest National Assembly elections. Political parties can only contest National Assembly elections, since being an independent is a requirement for contesting Nationa ...

                                               

List of political parties in Germany

This is a list of political parties in Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany has a plural multi-party system. The largest by members and parliament seats are the Christian Democratic Union CDU, with its sister party, the Christian Social Union ...

                                               

List of political parties in Greece

Prior to the 2012 elections the characteristic Greek political system was a two-party system. The historically dominant parties have been New Democracy and the Panhellenic Socialist Movement. Under the electoral system a party needs to surpass a ...

                                               

List of political parties in Georgia

National Democratic Party Erovnul Demokratiuli Partia Communist Party of Georgia Sakartvelos Komunisturi Partia 1992–present New Political Center - Girchi Akhali Politikuri Tsentri - Girchi Christian Democratic Movement Kristian-Demokratiuli Modz ...

                                               

List of political parties in Iraq

The following is a list of political parties in Iraq. Iraq is a multi-party state. Political parties are commonly grouped by ideology/ethnic affiliation and by the group with which they were listed on the ballot of the 2005 Iraqi National Assembl ...

                                               

List of political parties in Cambodia

This article lists political parties in Cambodia. Cambodia is a one party dominant state with the Cambodian Peoples Party in power. Other parties are allowed as stated in the constitution, like any other Democracy in the world.

                                               

List of political parties in Catalonia

                                               

List of political parties in Kyrgyzstan

Political parties in Kyrgyzstan now have greater political power and freedom to campaign than at any previous time in the history of the nation. During the Akayev administrations rule, opposition parties were allowed, but were widely considered t ...

                                               

List of political parties in Latvia

This is a list of political parties in Latvia. Latvia has a multi-party system, where no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

                                               

List of political parties in Lebanon

Lebanon has numerous political parties, usually with sectarian character. Since 2005, and after the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, the political scene has become very polarized, with most major political parties and movement ...

                                               

List of political parties in Lithuania

This article lists political parties in Lithuania. Lithuania has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition govern ...

                                               

List of political parties in the Maldives

Political parties in the Maldives were legalized when the Maldivian parliament voted unanimously for the creation of a multi-party system on June 2, 2005. This came after decades of authoritarian rule. Prior to this ruling, political parties had ...

                                               

List of political parties in the Netherlands

This article lists political parties in the Netherlands, which has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which any one party has little chance of gaining power alone, and parties often work with each other to form coalition gov ...

                                               

List of political parties in Peru

This article lists political parties in Peru. Peru has a multi-party system with several political parties competing in legislative elections according to a party-list proportional representation system. As a consequence it is rare for any single ...

                                               

List of political parties in Puerto Rico

This article lists political parties in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico has a hybrid first past the post electoral system, in which a voter can vote by party, by candidate or both. To qualify as an official political party and thus be able to appear on ...

                                               

List of political parties in San Marino

San Marino has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

                                               

List of political parties in Serbia

This is a list of political parties in Serbia. Serbia has a multi-party system with numerous parties, in which no party often has a chance of gaining power alone. Parties must cooperate to form coalition governments.

                                               

List of political parties in Slovakia

This article lists political parties in Slovakia. Slovakia has a democratic multi-party system with numerous political parties, established after the fall of communism in 1989 and shaped into the present form with Slovakias independence in 1993. ...

                                               

List of political parties in Sudan

Sudan has several political parties which have very little political power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no chance of gaining influence.

                                               

List of political parties in Suriname

This article lists political parties in Suriname. Suriname has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

                                               

List of political parties in Tajikistan

This article lists political parties in Tajikistan. Tajikistan is a one party dominant state with the Peoples Democratic Party of Tajikistan in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.

                                               

List of political parties in Thailand

Pracharaj Party Royal People Party Puea Pandin Party New Politics Party New Aspiration Party, majority merged with the Thai Rak Thai Party in 2001, minority continued Social Action Party

                                               

List of political parties in Tunisia

This article lists political parties in Tunisia. Tunisia was a dominant-party state of the Constitutional Democratic Rally before the Tunisian revolution. In the aftermath of the revolution the RCD was dissolved by the new state authorities and o ...

                                               

List of political parties in Turkey

Turkey is a presidential democracy with a multi-party system. Major parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general election and/or represented in parliament. Minor parties are defined as po ...

                                               

List of political parties in France

France has a multi-party political system: one in which the number of competing political parties is sufficiently large as to make it almost inevitable that in order to participate in the exercise of power any single party must be prepared to neg ...

                                               

List of political parties in the Czech Republic

This is a list of political parties in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has a multi-party system. Due to the electoral system used, a limited number of parties are successful in each parliamentary election.

                                               

List of political parties in Chile

Liberal Party Partido Liberal existed 1849–1966 Regionalist Action Party of Chile Partido de Accion Regionalista de Chile Popular Unitary Action Movement Movimiento de Accion Popular Unitario or MAPU existed legally 1969– Socialist Democratic Par ...

                                               

List of political parties in Sweden

This article lists political parties in Sweden. Sweden has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

                                               

The Founding of a Party

The Founding of a Party, alternatively titled in English Beginning of the Great Revival for its international release, is a Chinese film released in 2011 to mark the 90th anniversary of the Communist Party of China. The film is directed by Huang ...

                                               

Ulster Unionist Party

The Ulster Unionist Party is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland. Having gathered support in Northern Ireland during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, the party governed Northern Ireland between 1921 and 1972. It was s ...

                                               

Pirate Party UK

The Pirate Party UK is a political party in the United Kingdom. The Pirate Partys core policies are to bring about reform to copyright and patent laws, support privacy, reduce surveillance from government and businesses, and support freedom of sp ...

                                               

Caps (party)

The Caps were a political faction during the Age of Liberty in Sweden. The primary rivals of the Caps were known as the Hats. The Hats are actually responsible for the Caps name, as it comes from a contraction of Night-cap, a name used to suggest ...

                                               

Centre Party

Centre Party Iceland Centre Party Nauru Centre Party Germany Centre Party Turkey Centre Alliance Center Party Iraq Centre Party Sweden Centre Party Faroe Islands Centre Party Norway Lithuanian Centre Party Estonian Centre Party Åland Centre Centr ...

                                               

Czech Pirate Party

The Czech Pirate Party or Pirates is a liberal political party in the Czech Republic, founded in 2009. Following the 2017 legislative election, it is the third largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, with 22 out of 200 seats. The parliamentary ...

                                               

Scania Party

Skånepartiet is a separatist, right-wing populist, anti-immigration political party in the Swedish province of Scania, established in 1979. The founder and leader of the party is Carl P. Herslow. The original aims of the party were abolition of t ...

                                               

Centre Party (Sweden)

The Centre Party is a liberal and Nordic agrarian political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has increasingly shifted its focus towards free market economics, environmental protection, gender equality a ...

                                               

Pirate Party (Sweden)

The Pirate Party is a political party in Sweden founded in 2006. Its sudden popularity has given rise to parties with the same name and similar goals in Europe and worldwide, forming the International Pirate Party movement. The Pirate Party was i ...

                                               

Humanist Party (Chile)

The Humanist Party is a progressive left-wing political party in Chile, founded in 1984. In December 1990, Laura Rodriguez became the first elected representative of any Humanist Party in the world after winning a seat as part of the Concertacion ...

                                               

Sudeten German Party

The Sudeten German Party was created by Konrad Henlein under the name Sudetendeutsche Heimatfront on 1 October 1933, some months after the First Czechoslovak Republic had outlawed the German National Socialist Workers Party. In April 1935, the pa ...

                                               

Liberal-Environmental Party

Liberal Environmental Party is a green-liberal political party in the Czech Republic. It was established by Martin Bursik as a split from Green Party. The party is pro-European and supports Vaclav Havels legacy.

                                               

Koruna Česka (party)

Czech Crown, KČ) is a Czech monarchist political party that strives for the restoration of Czech monarchy with House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The party was founded in 1990 and current leader is Radim Spacek. In the 2017 Czech legislative election Ko ...

                                               

Armagnac (party)

The Armagnac faction was prominent in French politics and warfare during the Hundred Years War. It was allied with the supporters of Charles, Duke of Orleans against John the Fearless after Charles father Louis of Orleans was killed on a Paris st ...

                                               

Occitan Party

The Occitan Party is a regionalist political party in France. Its aims include greater autonomy for the Occitania region of southern France. The Occitan Party was formed in Toulouse in 1987 through the union of different Occitanist movements, of ...

                                               

Malcontents (France)

The Malcontents were a faction of gentlemen in the Fifth French War of Religion. It opposed the policy of Henry of Valois, duc dAnjou, who had become king under the name Henry III, and allied itself to the Huguenots. The leader was the Kings brot ...

                                               

Mouvement Franciste

The Francist Movement was a French Fascist and Antisemitic league created by Marcel Bucard in September 1933; it edited the newspaper Le Francisme. Mouvement Franciste reached of membership of 10.000, and was financed by Italian dictator Benito M ...

                                               

Virtue Party

Virtue Party was an Islamist political party established in 17 December 1997 in Turkey. It was found unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court and then banned on 22 June 2001 for violating the secularist articles of the Constitution. After the ...

                                               

Centre Party (Turkey)

The Centre Party is a political party in Turkey formed on 2 June 2014 by Abdurrahim Karslı. The party was the result of the politicisation of the Peoples Voice Movement, with attempts to create a political party beginning in 2011. The party is cl ...

                                               

Ennahda Movement

The Ennahda Movement, also known as Renaissance Party or simply Ennahda, is a self-defined "Muslim democratic" political party in Tunisia. Founded as "The Movement of Islamic Tendency" in 1981, Ennahda was inspired by the Abul Ala Maududi, and Eg ...

                                               

Future Forward Party

The Future Forward Party was a political party in Thailand founded in March 2018 by Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, former vice president of Thai Summit Group, and Piyabutr Saengkanokkul, a legal scholar. It was founded on a progressive platform t ...

                                               

New Force Party

The New Force Party is a political party in Thailand. It was founded in 1974, following the successful democratic uprising of October 1973. The New Force Party was one of the more successful left-wing parties during the relatively progressive and ...

                                               

Thai Citizen Party

The Thai Citizen Party or Prachakorn Thai Party is a political party in Thailand. It was founded in 1979 and has never been officially dissolved, but lost any political significance in 2001 when it was abandoned by its long-term leader Samak Sund ...

                                               

Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan

The Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan is a banned Islamist political party in Tajikistan. Until 2015, it was the only legal Islamist party in Central Asia.

                                               

Most–Hid

Most–Hid is an inter-ethnic political party in Slovakia. Its programme calls for greater cooperation between the countrys Hungarian minority and ethnic Slovak majority. It was one of four parties in the government coalition, but lost all its seat ...

                                               

Sammarinese Fascist Party

The Sammarinese Fascist Party or PFS was a fascist political party that ruled San Marino from 1923 to 1943. It was founded and led by Giuliano Gozi, a Sammarinese World War I veteran who volunteered in the Royal Italian Army, on 10 August 1922, a ...

                                               

Renewal (Transnistria)

The Republican Party Obnovlenie is a political party in the unrecognized state of Transnistria. It has been the parliamentary majority in the Supreme Council since 2005. The partys Russian-origin name, Obnovlenie, can interchangeably be translate ...

                                               

Anti-Revolutionary Party

The Anti-Revolutionary Party was a Protestant conservative and Christian democratic political party in the Netherlands. The party was founded in 1879 by Abraham Kuyper, a neo-Calvinist theologian and minister. In 1980 the party merged with the Ca ...

                                               

Party for the Animals

The Party for the Animals is a political party in the Netherlands. Among its main goals are animal rights and animal welfare, though it claims not to be a single-issue party. As of 2011, the party considered itself a testimonial party, one which ...

                                               

People's Action Party

The Peoples Action Party is a major centre-right political party in Singapore and is one of the two contemporary political parties represented in Parliament, along with its main opposition, the Workers Party. The governing party since 1959, it wa ...

                                               

Syriac Union Party (Syria)

Syriac Union Party in Syria is a secular Assyrian/Syriac political party in Syria that represents the interests of Syrian-Assyrians and their communities in Syria and is committed to the Dawronoye modernization ideology. Established on 1 October ...

                                               

Daugavpils City Party

The Daugavpils City Party was a regionalist political party located in Daugavpils, Latvia. It was formed in 2000 and was led by Daugavpils Mayor Vitālijs Azarevics. In 2005 the party entered the electoral alliance Harmony Centre. Harmony Centre w ...

                                               

Latvia's First Party

The Latvias First Party was a socially conservative, Christian-democratic right-wing political party in Latvia. It merged with Latvian Way to form Latvias First Party/Latvian Way in 2007. It was founded on 25 May 2002, led by Ēriks Jēkabsons and ...

                                               

Ata-Zhurt

Ata-Zhurt, sometimes Ata-Jurt, or Fatherland, was a political party in Kyrgyzstan. Its political base was in the south of the country, but the party was headquartered in the capital Bishkek. The party was led by Kamchybek Tashiyev, and supported ...

                                               

Candlelight Party

The Candlelight Party is a liberal party in Cambodia. The party was a member of the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats, Liberal International, and the Alliance of Democrats. The Candlelight Party, founded in 1995 as the Khmer Nation Party an ...

                                               

Khmer Anti-Poverty Party

The Khmer Anti-Poverty Party believes in defending Cambodias "territorial integrity" and opposes "any foreign tyrant leader". The party aims to prevent poverty and to create new ministries for the disabled and for job seekers. In the 2008 nationa ...

                                               

Norodom Ranariddh Party

The Norodom Ranariddh Party is a Cambodian political party created by Prince Norodom Ranariddh, who has left the Royalist FUNCINPEC party of which he was previously leader/chairman. A congress of people chose to change the name of their political ...

                                               

Islamic Dawa Party

The Islamic Dawa Party, also known as the Islamic Call Party, is a political party in Iraq. Dawa and the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council are two of the main parties in the religious-Shiite United Iraqi Alliance, which won a plurality of seats in bo ...

                                               

Iraqi Islamic Party

The Iraqi Islamic Party is the largest Sunni Islamist political party in Iraq as well as the most prominent member of the Iraqi Accord Front political coalition. It was part of the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and is part of the c ...

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