Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 173

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 173

                                               

Republican Party of Turkmenistan

The Republican Party of Turkmenistan is one of several dissident political parties that have been outlawed within Turkmenistan. Leaders of the exile-based RPT include Nurmuhammet Hanamow who went into exile in 2002 and Annadurdy Hajyyew, whose si ...

                                               

Republican Party of Ukraine

The Republican Party of Ukraine is a political party in Ukraine registered in March 2005. At the legislative elections of 26 March 2006, the party was part of the Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak". The party did not participate in the 2007 election.

                                               

Hungarian Workers' Party

The Hungarian Workers Party is a communist party in Hungary led by Gyula Thurmer. Established after the fall of the communist Hungarian Peoples Republic, the party has yet to win a seat in the Hungarian parliament. Until May 2009 it was a member ...

                                               

Independent Labour Party

The Independent Labour Party was a British political party of the left, established in 1893, when the Liberals appeared reluctant to endorse working-class candidates, representing the interests of the majority. A sitting independent MP and promin ...

                                               

German Workers' Party

The German Workers Party was a short-lived political party established in Weimar Germany after World War I. It was the precursor of the Nazi Party, which was officially known as the National Socialist German Workers Party. The DAP only lasted fro ...

                                               

Polish United Workers' Party

The Polish United Workers Party was the Communist party which governed the Polish Peoples Republic as a one-party state from 1948 to 1989. Ideologically it was based on the theories of Marxism-Leninism. It also controlled the armed forces, the Po ...

                                               

Labour Party (Norway)

The Labour Party, formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing Red-Green Coalition from 2005–13, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, served as Prime Minister of No ...

                                               

Workers' Party of Hungary 2006

The Workers Party of Hungary 2006 is a political party in Hungary. It was created in mid-November 2005 from the internal opposition of the Hungarian Workers Party. Its leader is Janos Fratanolo. Its request to become a member of the Party of the ...

                                               

Kurdistan Workers' Party

The Kurdistan Workers Party or PKK is a Kurdish militant and political organization based in the Kurdish regions of Turkey and Iraq. Since 1984 the PKK has been involved in an armed conflict with the Turkish state, with the initial aim of achievi ...

                                               

Workers Party of Turkey

Workers Party of Turkey was a Turkish political party, founded the 13 February 1961. It became the first socialist party in Turkey to win representation in the national parliament. It was banned twice and eventually merged with the Communist Part ...

                                               

Workers' Party of Finland

Workers Party of Finland is a left-wing political party in Finland. The STP was founded in 2006 as a successor to the Alternative League. In the 2007 parliamentary election the party obtained 1.764 votes. The party was removed from the party regi ...

                                               

Workers' Party of Ethiopia

The Workers Party of Ethiopia was a Marxist–Leninist communist party in Ethiopia from 1984 to 1991. The Workers Party of Ethiopia was founded in 1984 by the Derg, the ruling provisional government of Ethiopia, as the vanguard party for a planned ...

                                               

Brazilian Labour Party (current)

The Brazilian Labour Party is a political party in Brazil founded in 1981 by Ivete Vargas, niece of President Getulio Vargas. It claims the legacy of the historical PTB, although many historians reject this because the early version of PTB was a ...

                                               

Independent Workers' Party

The Independent Workers Party is a French far-left political party founded in June 2008 after the dissolution of its predecessor, the Workers Party. It claims 10.071 members. Amongst its four General Secretaries are former presidential candidates ...

                                               

Polish Workers' Party

The Polish Workers Party was a communist party in Poland from 1942 to 1948. It was founded as a reconstitution of the Communist Party of Poland and merged with the Polish Socialist Party in 1948 to form the Polish United Workers Party. From the e ...

                                               

Workers' Party (Turkey)

The Workers Party was a political party founded in 1992 and led by Doğu Perinçek. IP has its roots in the Revolutionary Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey, the Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey and the Socialist Party which was banned by the ...

                                               

Workers' Party (Czech Republic)

Workers Party was a Czech far-right, extremist and neo-nazi party in the Czech Republic. The party was founded by Tomas Vandas. In 2010 the party was banned, making it the first instance of banning a party for its ideology in the modern history o ...

                                               

Workers' Party of Ireland

The Workers Party is a Marxist–Leninist political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. It arose as the original Sinn Fein organisation founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, but took its current form in 1970 following a ...

                                               

Workers Party of Scotland

The Workers Party of Scotland or Workers Party of Scotland was a small anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist political party formed in 1966 and based in Scotland.

                                               

POUM

The Workers Party of Marxist Unification was a Spanish communist political party formed during the Second Republic and mainly active around the Spanish Civil War. It was formed by the fusion of the Trotskyist Communist Left of Spain and the Worke ...

                                               

Workers Revolutionary Party (Namibia)

The Workers Revolutionary Party is a communist party in Namibia led by Attie Beukes and Harry Boesak. The party was founded by Attie Beukes in May 1989 as the Workers Revolutionary Party. It joined the United Democratic Front UDF alliance for par ...

                                               

Revolutionary Workers' Party (Bolivia)

The Revolutionary Workers Party is a Trotskyist political party in Bolivia. At its height in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the POR was one of the few Trotskyist parties in history to gain a mass working-class following.

                                               

Revolutionary Workers' Party (Russia)

The Revolutionary Workers Party) was a Russian Trotskyist organisation established in 1999. From 2002 to 2011 there were two active organisations called the Revolutionary Workers Party. In April 2011, activists from one of the two, centred in Per ...

                                               

Free German Workers' Party

The Free German Workers Party was a neo-Nazi political party in Germany. It was outlawed by the Constitutional Court in 1995.

                                               

Revolutionary Workers Party

There are several groups named Revolutionary Workers Party: Revolutionary Workers Party Philippines Revolutionary Workers Party Russia Revolutionary Workers Party Spain Revolutionary Workers Party India Revolutionary Workers Party Chile Revolutio ...

                                               

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party

The Brazilian Labour Renewal Party is a conservative Brazilian political party. It was founded in 1994 and its electoral number is 28. According to the partys official website, PRTBs main ideology is "to establish an economic system based on part ...

                                               

Nepal Workers Peasants Party

The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party or Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 23 January 1975 by Narayan Man Bijukchhe. The party enjoys most of its support from Bhaktapur.

                                               

Labour Cause's Party

Labour Causes Party is a political party in Brazil. Its origins can be traced back to 1978. On that year, several Trotskyist activists who were not satisfied with the socialist international united under the name Tendência Trotskista do Brasil. H ...

                                               

Workers' Party (Tunisia)

The Workers Party, is a Marxist-Leninist political party in Tunisia. Legalized only in 2011, it participates in the Popular Front coalition, which is represented in the Assembly of the Representatives of the People. The partys long-term leader is ...

                                               

Workers' and Peasants' Party (Liechtenstein)

The Workers and Peasants Party was an agrarian political party in Liechtenstein. It contested the February 1953 elections, but received just 198 votes and failed to win a seat. The party did not contest the June 1953 elections, and has not contes ...

                                               

Revolutionary Workers' and Peasants' Party of Turkey

Revolutionary Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey was a Maoist communist party in Turkey. TIIKP was founded in 1969 by the Proleter Devrimci Aydınlık group that had broken away from DEV-GENÇ. The chairman of TIIKP was Doğu Perinçek. TIIKP was an ...

                                               

Intonarumori

Intonarumori are a group of experimental musical instruments invented and built by the Italian futurist Luigi Russolo between roughly 1910 and 1930. There were 27 varieties of intonarumori in total with different names.

                                               

Reformed Political Party

The Reformed Political Party is an orthodox Calvinist political party in the Netherlands. The term Reformed is not a reference to political reform but is a synonym for Calvinism - a major branch of Protestantism. The SGP is the oldest political p ...

                                               

Romanian Popular Party

Romanian Popular Party, previously known as Liberal Reformist Party is a political party from Moldova. The party supportes the Unification of Romania and Moldova. On 27 August 2019, the party changed its name from Liberal Reformist Party to Roman ...

                                               

Estonian Reform Party

The Estonian Reform Party is a liberal political party in Estonia. The party is led by Kaja Kallas and has 34 members in the 101-member Riigikogu, making it the largest party in the legislature. The party was founded by then-President of the Bank ...

                                               

Rikken Kaishintō

The Rikken Kaishintō was a political party in Empire of Japan. It was also known as simply the Kaishintō. The Kaishintō was founded by Ōkuma Shigenobu on 16 April 1882, with the assistance of Yano Ryūsuke, Inukai Tsuyoshi and Ozaki Yukio. It rece ...

                                               

Reform Party

American Reform Party, factional offshoot from the Reform Party of the United States, which only endorsed other party candidates Toleration Party American Toleration and Reform Party, founded in Connecticut in the 1810s Reform Party of Minnesota, ...

                                               

Reform Party (Latvia)

The Reform Party, until April 2012 known as Zatlers Reform Party, was a centre-right political party in Latvia founded by former President Valdis Zatlers on 23 July 2011. It won 22 seats in the Saeima in the 2011 election.

                                               

Reform Party (Mandatory Palestine)

The Reform Party was established by Husayn al-Khalidi in Palestine on 23 June 1935. At the time of the partys formation, al-Khalidi was mayor of Jerusalem. It did not have a large following outside Jerusalem but its views were widely published in ...

                                               

Viet Tan

The Reform Revolutionary Party of Vietnam or the Viet Tan is a network of members inside Vietnam and around the world, that aims to establish democracy and reform Vietnam through peaceful and political means. The organization was founded on Septe ...

                                               

Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way

Latvias First Party/Latvian Way was a political party in Latvia created from the merger of the Christian-democratic Latvias First Party, the liberal Latvian Way and the regionalist We for our District and Vidzeme Union in 2007. These parties had ...

                                               

Progressive Reform Party (Suriname)

The Progressive Reform Party, formerly known as the "Verenigde Hindoestaanse Partij", is a political party in Suriname. At the last legislative elections 25 May 2010, the party was part of the Nieuw Front political combination that won 31.6% of t ...

                                               

Left Party

There are several socialist political parties with the name Left Party: The Left Party.PDS, in German: Die Linkspartei.PDS Estonian United Left Party in Estonian: Eestimaa Uhendatud Vasakpartei, formed in 2008 Left Party Sweden, in Swedish: Vanst ...

                                               

The Left (Germany)

The Left, also commonly referred to as the Left Party), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany. It is considered to be left-wing populist by some researchers. The party was founded in 2007 as the result of the merger of the Party of ...

                                               

Left Party (Sweden)

The Left Party is a socialist political party in Sweden. The party originated as a split from the Swedish Social Democratic Party in 1917, as the Swedish Social Democratic Left Party, and became the Communist Party of Sweden in 1921. In 1967, the ...

                                               

Estonian Left Party

In June 1988 Communist Party of Estonia EKP, i.e. the Estonian branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, chief Karl Vaino was replaced by the reform-minded Soviet Ambassador to Nicaragua Vaino Valjas, the former ideological secretary of ...

                                               

Radical Party of the Left

The Radical Party of the Left is a social-liberal political party in France. A party in the Radical tradition, since 1972 the PRG was a close ally of the major party of the centre-left in France, the Socialist Party. After the 2017 presidential a ...

                                               

Left Party (France)

The Left Party is a French democratic socialist political party founded on 1 February 2009. Launched by parliamentarians Jean-Luc Melenchon and Marc Dolez on 12 November 2008, after their departure from the Socialist Party 8 Following the Congres ...

                                               

Estonian United Left Party

The Estonian United Left Party is a political party in Estonia. It has socialist characteristics, and also seeks to represent the Russian minority in Estonia. It is a member of the Party of the European Left.

                                               

Angelique (instrument)

The angelique is a plucked string instrument of the lute family of the baroque era. It combines features of the lute, the harp, and the theorbo. It shares the form of its pear shaped body as well as its vibrating string length of 54 to 70 cm with ...

                                               

English guitar

The English guitar or guittar, is a stringed instrument –a type of cittern, which was popular in many places in Europe from around 1750–1850. It is unknown when the identifier English became connected to the instrument at the time of its introduc ...

                                               

Justice and Development Party

Justice and Development Party may refer to several political parties, the best-known ones being: Justice and Development Party Turkey Justice and Development Party Morocco Justice and Development Party may also refer to: Justice and Development P ...

                                               

Party of Law and Justice

Party of Law and Justice, previously named Party of the Socio-Economic Justice of Moldova is a Christian-democrat political party from Moldova, led by Nicolae Alexei. At the last legislative elections, 6 March 2005, the party won 1.7% of the popu ...

                                               

Prosperous Justice Party

The Prosperous Justice Party, frequently abbreviated to PKS, is an Islam-based political party in Indonesia. PKS is a metamorphosis from the Justice Party Indonesian: Partai Keadilan, PK established in 1998. The party was originally influenced by ...

                                               

China Zhi Gong Party

The China Zhi Gong Party is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the Peoples Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are represented in the Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Confere ...

                                               

People's Justice Party (Malaysia)

The Peoples Justice Party is a reformist, multiracial political party in Malaysia, formed in 2003 by a merger of the National Justice Party and the older Malaysian Peoples Party. The party was led by Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and increased its par ...

                                               

Freedom and Justice Party (Egypt)

The Freedom and Justice Party is an Egyptian Islamist political party. The ex-president of the party, Mohamed Morsi, won the 2012 presidential election, and in the 2011 parliamentary election it won more seats than any other party. It is nominall ...

                                               

Justice Party (South Korea)

The Justice Party is a political party in South Korea. It was founded on 21 October 2012 when it split from the Unified Progressive Party.

                                               

Justice Party (Turkey)

The Justice Party was a Turkish political party prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. A descendant of the Democrat Party, the AP was dominated by Suleyman Demirel, who served six times as prime minister, and was in office at the time of the military ...

                                               

Justice and Development Party (Morocco)

The Justice and Development Party, JDP is the party that has led the executive branch of the government of Morocco since 29 November 2011. The JDP advocates Islamism and Islamic democracy.

                                               

Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

The Justice and Development Party, abbreviated officially AK Parti in Turkish as an acronym, is a conservative and Islamist political party in Turkey. Developed from the conservative tradition of Turkeys Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, the ...

                                               

Party for Justice, Integration and Unity

The Party for Justice, Integration and Unity is a nationalist political party in Albania whose primary aim is the promotion of national issues. The partys goals and objectives are to express the struggle of the ethnic Albanians, who after world a ...

                                               

Justice Party (Ukraine)

The Justice Party) is a left-wing political party in Ukraine. The party merged into the new party United Left and Peasants in December 2011. Justice Party leader Stanislav Nikolaenko became the first party leader of United Left and Peasants. Unit ...

                                               

Constitutionalist Liberal Party

The Constitutionalist Liberal Party is an opposition political party in Nicaragua. At the Nicaraguan general election of 5 November 2006, the party won 25 of 92 seats in the National Assembly. However, the party suffered a devastating loss in the ...

                                               

Constitution Party (United States)

The Constitution Party, previously known as the U.S. Taxpayers Party, is a national political party in the United States. The idea that the principles and intents of the U.S. Constitution remain relevant in human relations was the origin of its f ...

                                               

Constitution Party (Estonia)

The Constitution Party, known until 11 February 2006 as the Estonian United Peoples Party, was a political party in Estonia, mainly supported by the Russian minority. The party held 6 seats in the Riigikogu from 1999 to 2003. At the legislative e ...

                                               

Banjo

The banjo is a four, five, or six stringed instrument with a thin membrane, stretched over a frame or cavity to form a resonator. The membrane is typically circular, and usually made of plastic, or occasionally animal skin. Early forms of the ins ...

                                               

Rikken Teiseitō

The Rikken Teiseitō was a short-lived conservative political party in the Meiji period Empire of Japan. It was also known as simply the Teiseitō. The Teiseitō was founded in March 1882, by the editor of the Tokyo Nichi Shimbun, Fukuchi Genichirō, ...

                                               

Constitutional Union Party (United States)

The Constitutional Union Party was a United States third party active during the 1860 elections. It consisted of conservative former Whigs, largely from the Southern United States, who wanted to avoid secession over the slavery issue and refused ...

                                               

National Party

National Party of Australia Bangladesh Jatiya Party Ershad a.k.a. National Party Ershad Bangladesh Nationalist Party New Zealand National Party Frisian National Party, in the Netherlands National Party Pakistan Pakistan Kuomintang or Chinese Nati ...

                                               

National Party (South Africa)

The National Party, also known as the Nationalist Party, was a political party in South Africa founded in 1914 and disbanded in 1997. The party was originally an Afrikaner ethnic nationalist party that promoted Afrikaner interests in South Africa ...

                                               

National Party of Australia

The National Party of Australia, also known as The Nationals or The Nats, is an Australian political party. Traditionally representing graziers, farmers, and rural voters generally, it began as the Australian Country Party in 1920 at a federal le ...

                                               

Indonesian National Party

The Indonesian National Party is the name used by several nationalist political parties in Indonesia from 1927 until the 2000s. The first PNI was established by future President Sukarno. After independence, the new PNI supplied a number of prime ...

                                               

New Zealand National Party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand ...

                                               

National Fascist Party

The National Fascist Party was an Italian political party, created by Benito Mussolini as the political expression of Italian Fascism. The party ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 when Fascists took power with the March on Rome until the fall o ...

                                               

Transnational Radical Party

The Transnational Radical Party, whose official name is Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty, is a political association of citizens, members of parliament and members of government of various national and political backgrounds ...

                                               

Scottish National Party

The Scottish National Party is a Scottish nationalist, social-democratic political party in Scotland. The SNP supports and campaigns for Scottish independence within the European Union. It is the third-largest political party by membership in the ...

                                               

African National Party

The African National Party was a political party in Chad. PNA was founded on January 30, 1960, through the merger of remnants of four parties based in the Muslim-dominated northern Chad; African Socialist Movement, Chadian Social Action, Independ ...

                                               

British National Party

The British National Party is a far-right, fascist political party in the United Kingdom. It is headquartered in Wigton, Cumbria, and its current leader is Adam Walker. A minor party, it has no elected representatives at any level of UK governmen ...

                                               

First Peoples National Party of Canada

The First Peoples National Party of Canada was a registered federal political party in Canada. It intends to advance the lives of the Aboriginal peoples in Canada getting involved in the federal electoral process, engage the public on Indigenous ...

                                               

National Coalition Party (El Salvador)

The National Coalition Party is a nationalist political party in El Salvador. Until 2011 it was known as the National Conciliation Party. It was the most powerful political party in the country during the 1960s and 1970s, and was closely associat ...

                                               

National United Party (Vanuatu)

The Vanuatu National United Party is a political party in Vanuatu. It was founded by Vanuatus independence leader Walter Lini when he broke away from the Vanuaaku Pati. It is a social democratic party which traditionally received most of its supp ...

                                               

National United Party (Armenia)

The National United Party was an Armenian underground political party in the Soviet Union. It operated from 1966 until 1987, when it was renamed Union for National Self-Determination, which became the first democratic party in the USSR.

                                               

National Party (Uruguay)

It was formed on 10 August 1836. Together with the liberal Colorado Party, it is one of the two traditional groupings dating back to the nineteenth century. Manuel Oribe was its founder. In the civil war of 1864–65 it was ousted by the Colorados ...

                                               

National Party (Czech Republic)

The National Party was a far-right nationalist political party in the Czech Republic. Petra Edelmannova was the last leader of the party.

                                               

Awami National Party

The Awami National Party is a secular and leftist Pashtun nationalist political party in Pakistan. The party was founded by Abdul Wali Khan in 1986 and its current president is Asfandyar Wali Khan, grandson of Bacha Khan, with Mian Iftikhar Hussa ...

                                               

Bhutan National Party

The Bhutan National Party is a former Bhutanese political party formed to contest the Himalayan nations 2008 general election. The party was an alliance of former civil servants, defense officials and businessmen. As an Asia Sentinel journalist n ...

                                               

Viet Nam Quốc Dan Dảng

The Viet Nam Quốc Dan Dảng or the Nationalist Party of Vietnam, abbreviated VNQDD or Viet Quốc, was a nationalist and moderate socialist political party that sought independence from French colonial rule in Vietnam during the early 20th century. ...

                                               

National Party of Honduras

The National Party of Honduras is a political party in Honduras founded on February 27, 1902, by Manuel Bonilla Chirinos. Historically it has been one of the two most influential parties in the country. The partys platform is based on Christian h ...

                                               

National Party of Suriname

The National Party of Suriname is a political party in Suriname, founded in 1946, and since June 2012 led by Gregory Rusland. For a long time it was the largest ruling party in the country, and it has been in government for over 40 years. Of the ...

                                               

National Umma Party

The National Umma Party is a moderate Islamic centrist political party in Sudan. It is formally led by Sadiq al-Mahdi, who served twice as Prime Minister of Sudan, and was removed both times by military coups. As of 2019, Major General Fadlallah ...

                                               

National Progressive Party (Finland)

The National Progressive Party was a liberal political party in Finland from 1918 to 1951. The party was founded 8 December 1918, after the Finnish Civil War, by the republican majority of the Young Finnish Party and the republican minority of th ...

                                               

National Progressive Party (Kiribati)

The National Progressive Party is a political party in Kiribati without parliamentary representation. Its leader Harry Tong joined the Maneaban Te Mauri before the 2003 elections.

                                               

New National Party (Grenada)

The New National Party is a conservative political party in Grenada. It is led by the current Prime Minister, Keith Mitchell. The party was founded in August 1984 through the merger of the Grenada National Party, led by Herbert Blaize, the Nation ...

                                               

New National Party (South Africa)

The New National Party was a South African political party formed in 1997 as the successor to the National Party, which ruled the country from 1948 to 1994. The name change was an attempt to distance itself from its apartheid past, and reinvent i ...

                                               

United National Federal Party

United National Federal Party was a political party in Zimbabwe, formed in November 1978 by Chief Kayisa Ndiweni, who had been a leading figure in the Zimbabwe United Peoples Organisation. UNFP contested the 1979 election and won 9 seats, mostly ...

                                               

Slovak National Party

The Slovak National Party is a nationalist political party in Slovakia. The party characterizes itself as a nationalist party based on both social and the European Christian values. Since 1990 SNS has won seats in every Slovak parliament but two ...

                                               

Slovak National Party (historical)

The Slovak National Party was a Slovak conservative and nationalist political party in the Kingdom of Hungary and then in Czechoslovakia from 1871 to 1938. The post-Velvet Revolution party with the same name sees the historical one as its ideolog ...

                                               

Slovenian National Party

The Slovenian National Party is a nationalist political party in Slovenia led by Zmago Jelincic Plemeniti. The party is known for its Euroscepticism and opposes Slovenias membership in NATO. It also opposes what it considers historical revisionis ...

                                               

Independence Party

Independence Party of Minnesota Alaskan Independence Party United Independent Party, Massachusetts Independence Party of New York

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