Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 140

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 140

                                               

Samsung NX20

The Samsung NX20 is a digital compact camera produced and marketed by Samsung since April 2012 as a successor to the Samsung NX11. It is a 20.3 Megapixel mirrorless interchangeable lens camera using the Samsung NX-mount. The NX20 is comparable in ...

                                               

Sony α6500

The Sony α6500 is a compact digital camera announced on 6 October 2016 shortly after photokina 2016. The α6500 features a 24 megapixel Exmor RS sensor with 425 phase detection autofocus points. The camera is powered by Sonys Bionz X image process ...

                                               

Sony NEX-6

The Sony NEX-6 is a digital camera announced 12 September 2012. It is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera or MILC, and this has a smaller body form factor than a traditional DSLR, whilst retaining the sensor size and features of an APS-C-siz ...

                                               

Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1

The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX1 is a premium fixed-lens compact camera made by Sony as part of its Cyber-shot line of digital cameras. The DSC-RX1 is notable for being the worlds first fixed-lens, full-frame digital compact camera, and as of its anno ...

                                               

Canon EOS

Canon EOS is an autofocus single-lens reflex camera and mirrorless camera series produced by Canon Inc. Introduced in 1987 with the Canon EOS 650, all EOS cameras used 35 mm film until October 1996 when the EOS IX was released using the new and s ...

                                               

Nikon 1 V1

The Nikon V1 is a Nikon 1 series high-speed mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera launched by Nikon on 21 September 2011. The successor is the Nikon 1 V2 announced on October 24, 2012. The CMOS sensor from Aptina is used, it has 10.1 MP, CX form ...

                                               

Olympus OM system

The Olympus OM System was a line of 35mm single-lens reflex cameras, lenses and accessories sold by Olympus between 1972 and 2002. The system was introduced by Olympus in 1972, more than a decade after Nikon, Canon, and other manufacturers had es ...

                                               

Olympus OM-D E-M5

The Olympus OM-D E-M5, announced in February 2012, is a Micro Four Thirds compact mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. In style and name it references the Olympus OM series of film SLR cameras, but it is not an SLR camera. The successor is the ...

                                               

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ30

Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ30 is a bridge digital camera by Panasonic. It is the successor of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ20. The highest-resolution pictures it records is 8 megapixels. The camera has a 12× optical zoom Leica lens and OIS optical image ...

                                               

Pentax 645D

The Pentax 645D is a medium format digital SLR camera announced by Pentax on March 10, 2010. Unlike other medium-format DSLRs, which accept digital camera backs of different resolutions or even manufacturers, the 645D has a fixed-back design simi ...

                                               

Phase One (company)

Phase One is a Danish company specializing in high-end digital photography equipment and software. They manufacture open platform based medium format camera systems and solutions. Their own RAW processing software, Capture One, supports many DSLR ...

                                               

View-Master Personal Stereo Camera

The View-Master Personal Stereo Camera was a 35mm film camera designed to take 3D stereo photos for viewing in a View-Master. First released in 1952, the camera took 69 pairs of photos on a 36-exposure roll 35mm film, taking one set while the fil ...

                                               

Hasselblad

Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden. The company originally became known for its classic analog medium format cameras that used a waist lev ...

                                               

Canon EF-S lens mount

The Canon EF-S lens mount is a derivative of the EF lens mount created for a subset of Canon digital single-lens reflex cameras with APS-C sized image sensors. It was released in 2003. Cameras with the EF-S mount are backward compatible with the ...

                                               

Point-and-shoot camera

A point-and-shoot camera, also known as a compact camera and sometimes abbreviated to P&S, is a still camera designed primarily for simple operation. Most use focus free lenses or autofocus for focusing, automatic systems for setting the expo ...

                                               

Digital camera back

A digital camera back is a device that attaches to the back of a camera in place of the traditional negative film holder and contains an electronic image sensor. This lets cameras that were designed to use film take digital photographs. These cam ...

                                               

Body worn video

Body worn video, also known as body cameras and body-worn cameras, or wearable cameras is a wearable audio, video, or photographic recording system. Body worn video has a range of uses and designs, of which the best-known use is as a part of poli ...

                                               

Smena (camera)

Smena is a series of low-cost 35 mm film cameras manufactured in the Soviet Union by the LOMO factory from 1953 to 1991. They were designed to be inexpensive and accessible to the public, made of bakelite or black plastic for the later models. Th ...

                                               

Zorki

Zorki is the name of a series of 35mm rangefinder cameras manufactured in the Soviet Union between 1948 and 1978. The Zorki was a product of the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Factory KMZ, which also produced the Zenit single lens reflex camera SLR. The ...

                                               

FED (camera)

The FED is a Soviet rangefinder camera, mass-produced from 1934 until around 1996, and also the name of the factory that made it. The factory emerged from the small workshops of the Childrens labour commune named after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhins ...

                                               

Sokol (camera)

Sokol means "falcon" in Russian, hence the name was probably intended to bring associations with the "eye of a falcon" - the saying for excellent vision.

                                               

Horizon (camera)

The Horizon is a mechanical swing-lens panoramic camera. It is manufactured by Krasnogorsky Mechanicheskiy Zavod in Krasnogorsk, Russia, better-known for their range of Zenit cameras. The main characteristic of this camera is its rotating lens th ...

                                               

Mode dial

A mode dial or camera dial is a dial used on digital cameras to change the cameras mode. Most digital cameras, including dSLR and SLR-like cameras, support modes, selectable either by a dial or from a menu. On point-and-shoot cameras which suppor ...

                                               

Start (Soviet camera)

Start was a 35 mm single lens reflex Soviet camera produced by Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk during the years of 1958–1964. The camera was inspired by Exakta camera. Start had Bayonet-mount lenses with Exakta-style shutter release arm, KMZ He ...

                                               

Diana (camera)

The Diana camera is a plastic-bodied toy camera using 120 rollfilm and 35 mm film. The camera has a simple plastic meniscus lens. Originally marketed as an inexpensive novelty gift item, the Diana has been used to specifically take soft focus, im ...

                                               

Robot (camera)

Robot is a German imaging company known originally for clockwork cameras, later producing surveillance and bank security cameras. Originally created in 1934 as a brand of Otto Berning and Co., it became part of the Jenoptik group of optical compa ...

                                               

Through-the-lens metering

In photography, through-the-lens metering refers to a feature of cameras whereby the intensity of light reflected from the scene is measured through the lens; as opposed to using a separate metering window or external hand-held light meter. In so ...

                                               

Automatic exposure control

Automatic Exposure Control is an X-ray exposure termination device. A medical radiography x-ray exposure is always initiated by a human operator but an AEC detector system may be used to terminate the exposure when a predetermined amount of radia ...

                                               

Autofocus

An autofocus optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor to focus on an automatically or manually selected point or area. An electronic rangefinder has a display instead of the motor; the adjustment of the optical system has to be ...

                                               

Shutter speed

In photography, shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time when the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light, also when a cameras shutter is open when taking a photograph. The amount of light that reaches the film or ...

                                               

Angle of view

In photography, angle of view describes the angular extent of a given scene that is imaged by a camera. It is used interchangeably with the more general term field of view. It is important to distinguish the angle of view from the angle of covera ...

                                               

Extension tube

An extension tube - also called extension ring - is used with interchangeable lenses to increase magnification. This is most often used in macro photography.

                                               

Fixed-focus lens

A photographic lens for which the focus is not adjustable is called a fixed-focus lens or sometimes focus-free. The focus is set at the time of lens design, and remains fixed. It is usually set to the hyperfocal distance, so that the depth of fie ...

                                               

Focusing screen

A focusing screen is a flat translucent material, either a ground glass or Fresnel lens, found in a system camera that allows the user of the camera to preview the framed image in a viewfinder. Often, focusing screens are available in variants wi ...

                                               

Light meter

A light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light. In photography, a light meter is often used to determine the proper exposure for a photograph. Typically a light meter will include either digital or analog electronic circuit, which ...

                                               

Exposure compensation

Exposure compensation is a technique for adjusting the exposure indicated by a photographic exposure meter, in consideration of factors that may cause the indicated exposure to result in a less-than-optimal image. Factors considered may include u ...

                                               

Canon Inc.

Canon Inc. is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, professional displays, TV broadcasting and film equipment, projectors, photocopiers, photolitograph ...

                                               

Canon Cinema EOS

The Canon Cinema EOS autofocus digital photographic and cinematographic SLR and mirrorless interchangeable lens camera system was introduced in late 2011 with the Canon EOS C300 and followed by the Canon EOS C500 and Canon EOS 1D C in early 2012.

                                               

Canon Digital IXUS

The Digital IXUS is a series of digital cameras released by Canon. It is a line of ultracompact cameras, originally based on the design of Canons IXUS/IXY/ELPH line of APS cameras.

                                               

Canon EF 100–400mm lens

The EF 100–400 mm f /4.5–5.6L IS USM is a professional EF mount telephoto zoom lens manufactured by Canon Inc. The first version of this lens was announced in September 1998, and an updated version was announced in November 2014. It is a high per ...

                                               

Canon EF 100mm lens

The Canon EF 100 mm lenses are used for Canon DSLR cameras. There are four different types of EF 100 mm lens for Canon. Certain lenses are best for macro photos, whereas other lenses are good for taking pictures of subjects from a distance.

                                               

Canon EF 1200mm lens

The EF 1200mm f /5.6L USM is a super-telephoto prime lens that was made by Canon Inc. It uses an EF mount, and is compatible with the Canon EOS camera range. It has a focal length of 1200 mm and so on a digital body with a sensor size of 22.5 mm ...

                                               

Canon EF 24–105mm lens

The EF 24–105mm f/4L IS USM is an EF mount wide-to-telephoto zoom lens. It was introduced by Canon in 2005 to complement the well-regarded 17–40mm f/4L USM and 70–200mm f/4L USM. The EF 24–105mm f/4L IS USM lens is often compared to the other L s ...

                                               

Canon EF 28–105mm lens

The Canon EF 28–105 mm f /4–5.6 is an inexpensive zoom lens often included as a kit lens with Canon 35 mm single-lens reflex cameras. 28–105 mm is a standard wide to telephoto zoom range. The Canon EF 28–105 mm f /3.5–4.5 USM is a higher quality ...

                                               

Canon EF 28–90mm lens

The Canon EF 28–90 mm is a lens included as a kit lens with Canon EOS film cameras. The maximum aperture is f /4 at 28mm, reducing to f /5.6 at 90mm. When focused at 90mm this will create background blur for portrait photography. It is a very lig ...

                                               

Canon EF 35–80mm lens

The EF 35-80mm f /4-5.6 USM lens is a family of EF mount wide-to-normal zoom lenses manufactured and sold by Canon. There were five versions made. One contained a peizoelectric motor, three contained a micro motor, and one contained a USM motor.

                                               

Canon EF 50mm lens

The EF 50mm lenses are a group of normal prime lenses made by Canon that share the same focal length. These lenses are based on the classic double-Gauss lens, with the f/1.8 being a standard six-element double-Gauss with an air gap and powers bet ...

                                               

Canon EF 500mm lens

The EF 500mm lenses are a group of super-telephoto prime lenses made by Canon that share the same focal length. These lenses have an EF type mount, and fit the Canon EOS line of digital single lens reflex cameras. When used on a camera with a fie ...

                                               

Canon EF 600mm lens

The Canon EF 600mm is a super-telephoto lens made by Canon Inc. The lens has an EF mount to work with the EOS line of cameras. f /4L USM lens was released in November 1988 923.000 yen. f /4L IS II USM lens was announced in February 2011 US$12.999 ...

                                               

Canon EF 70–200mm lens

The EF 70–200mm lenses are a group of telephoto zoom full-frame lens made by Canon. The lenses have an EF mount to work with the EOS line of cameras. The lens comes in seven different versions, all of which have fixed maximum aperture at all foca ...

                                               

Canon EF 800mm lens

The Canon EF 800 mm f /5.6L IS USM lens is a super-telephoto lens by Canon Inc., released at a manufacturers suggested retail price of US.999.00 and now selling at an MSRP of.999.00.

                                               

Canon EF-M lens mount

The Canon EF-M lens mount, introduced in 2012, is a derivative of the Canon EF lens mount designed for use with the Canon EOS M mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera. The EF-M lens mount is one of Canons two new systems for mirrorless cameras, t ...

                                               

Canon EF-S 15–85mm lens

The Canon EF-S 15–85mm f/3.5–5.6 IS USM is a standard zoom lens for Canon digital single-lens reflex cameras with an EF-S lens mount. The field of view has a 35 mm equivalent focal length of 24–136mm. The EF-S mount was specifically designed for ...

                                               

Canon EF-S 18–135mm lens

The Canon EF-S 18–135mm lens is a standard to short telephoto telezoom for Canon digital single-lens reflex cameras with an EF-S lens mount. The field of view has a 35 mm equivalent focal length of 29–216mm. With its 7.5× zoom range, it is placed ...

                                               

Canon EF-S 18–55mm lens

The Canon EF-S 18–55mm lens f /3.5–5.6 is a Canon-produced wide-angle to mid telephoto zoom lens for digital single-lens reflex cameras with an EF-S lens mount. The field of view has a 35 mm equivalent focal length of 28.8–88mm, and it is a stand ...

                                               

Canon EOS 5D Mark II

The Canon EOS 5D Mark II is a 21.1 effective megapixel full-frame CMOS digital single-lens reflex camera made by Canon, the first Canon EOS camera to have video recording capabilities. It succeeds the EOS 5D and was announced on 17 September 2008 ...

                                               

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

The Canon EOS 5D Mark IV is a professional-grade 30.1-megapixel full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera made by Canon. Succeeding the EOS 5D Mark III, it was announced on 25 August 2016. The Mark IV went on sale in September 2016 with a reta ...

                                               

Canon EOS 5DS

The Canon EOS 5DS and EOS 5DS R are two closely related digital SLR cameras announced by Canon on February 6, 2015. Both are professional full-frame cameras with 50.6-megapixel sensors, the highest of any full-frame camera at the time of announce ...

                                               

Canon EOS 6D Mark II

The Canon EOS 6D Mark II is a full-frame digital single-lens reflex camera announced by Canon on June 29, 2017. Impressions from the Canon press event were mixed, with many saying the camera is "a sizeable upgrade, but feels dated". Critics point ...

                                               

Canon EOS-1

The EOS-1 is a 35mm single lens reflex camera body produced by Canon. It was announced by Canon in 1989, and was the professional model in the range. The camera also had a successor, the Canon EOS-1N, in 1994. The original EOS-1 was launched in 1 ...

                                               

Canon Extender EF

The Canon Extender EF lenses are a group of teleconverter lenses made by Canon. These lenses are used between any compatible EF type lens and any of the Canon EOS line of cameras. When used with a compatible lens, they will multiply the focal len ...

                                               

Canon FD lens mount

The Canon FD lens mount is a physical standard for connecting a photographic lens to a 35mm single-lens reflex camera body. The standard was developed by Canon of Japan and was introduced in March 1971 with the Canon F-1 camera. It served as the ...

                                               

Canon FL lens mount

Canon FL refers to a lens mount standard for 35mm single-lens reflex cameras from Canon. It was introduced in April 1964 with the Canon FX camera, replacing the previous Canon R lens mount. The FL mount was in turn replaced in 1971 by the Canon F ...

                                               

Canon ELPH (series)

The Canon ELPH series includes several popular compact point and shoot cameras built between 1996 and 2002.

                                               

Canon PowerShot

The PowerShot products is a line of consumer and prosumer grade digital cameras, launched by Canon in 1996. The PowerShot line has been successful for Canon, and is one of the best-selling digital camera lines worldwide. Free software from the Ca ...

                                               

Canon PowerShot A

The Canon PowerShot A is a now discontinued series of digital cameras released by Canon. The A-series started as a budget line of cameras, although over time its feature set varied from low-end point-and-shoot cameras to high-end prosumer cameras ...

                                               

Canon PowerShot G

The Canon PowerShot G is a series of digital cameras introduced by Canon in its PowerShot line in 2000. The G series cameras are Canons flagship compact models aimed at photography enthusiasts desiring more flexibility than a point-and-shoot with ...

                                               

Canon R lens mount

The Canon R lens mount is a physical standard for connecting a camera lens to a 35mm single-lens reflex camera body. It was introduced in March 1959 along with the Canon Canonflex. The R mount was used on Canons first single lens reflex SLR camer ...

                                               

Canon RF mount

The Canon RF lens mount is an interchangeable-lens mount developed by Canon for its full-frame mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras, and featured first by the EOS R, followed by the EOS RP. The RF mount was announced in September 2018. The RF ...

                                               

Canon T series

Canon’s T series is Canon’s final series of manual focus 35 mm single lens reflex cameras. The first camera, the T50, was introduced in March 1983 while the final camera, the T60, was released in April 1990. All have a Canon FD lens mount compati ...

                                               

Canon T90

The Canon T90, introduced in 1986, was the top of the line in Canons T series of 35 mm Single-lens reflex cameras. It is the last professional-level manual-focus camera from Canon, and the last professional camera to use the Canon FD lens mount. ...

                                               

Canon TS-E 17mm lens

The Canon TS-E 17 mm f /4L is a tilt-shift, ultra-wide-angle prime lens that provides the equivalent of the corresponding view camera front movements on Canon EOS camera bodies. Unlike most other EF-mount lenses, it does not provide autofocus.

                                               

Canon TS-E 24mm lens

The Canon TS-E 24 mm f /3.5L II is a tilt-shift, wide-angle prime lens that provides the equivalent of the corresponding view camera front movements on Canon EOS camera bodies. Though it uses Canons EF lens mount, it does not provide autofocus.

                                               

Focal length

The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light; it is the inverse of the systems optical power. A positive focal length indicates that a system converges light, while a negative focal len ...

                                               

Photographic lens design

The design of photographic lenses for use in still or cine cameras is intended to produce a lens that yields the most acceptable rendition of the subject being photographed within a range of constraints that include cost, weight and materials. Fo ...

                                               

Metering mode

In photography, the metering mode refers to the way in which a camera determines exposure. Cameras generally allow the user to select between spot, center-weighted average, or multi-zone metering modes. The different metering modes allow the user ...

                                               

Angenieux retrofocus

The Angenieux retrofocus photographic lens is a wide-angle lens design that uses an inverted telephoto configuration. The popularity of this lens design made the name retrofocus synonymous with this type of lens. The Angenieux retrofocus for stil ...

                                               

Camera

A camera is an optical instrument used to record images. At their most basic, cameras are sealed boxes with a small hole that let light in to capture an image on a light-sensitive surface. Cameras have various mechanisms to control how the light ...

                                               

Teleconverter

A teleconverter is a secondary lens mounted between a camera and a photographic lens which enlarges the central part of an image obtained by the objective lens. A 2× teleconverter for a 35 mm camera would enlarge the central 12×18 mm part of an i ...

                                               

Camera angle

The camera angle marks the specific location at which the movie camera or video camera is placed to take a shot. A scene may be shot from several camera angles simultaneously. This will give a different experience and sometimes emotion. The diffe ...

                                               

Viewfinder

In photography, a viewfinder is what the photographer looks through to compose, and, in many cases, to focus the picture. Most viewfinders are separate, and suffer parallax, while the single-lens reflex camera lets the viewfinder use the main opt ...

                                               

Kinetoscope

The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. The Kinetoscope was designed for films to be viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole viewer window at the top of the device. The Kinetoscope was not a movie projector, bu ...

                                               

Color temperature

Not to be confused with warm and cool colors. The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source. Color temperature is a characteristic ...

                                               

Jupiter (lens)

The Jupiter series of lenses are Russian camera lenses made by KMZ during the Soviet era. They were made to fit various cameras of the time, including the Leica and the early Zeiss Contax rangefinder cameras. They are copied from Zeiss prewar des ...

                                               

Macro photography

Macro photography, is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects and living organisms like insects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size. By the original definition, a macro photograph is ...

                                               

Raw image format

A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, a motion picture film scanner, or other image scanner. Raw files are named so because they are not yet processed and therefore are not rea ...

                                               

Arsenal Factory

Arsenal State Enterprise of Special Instrumentation, also known as the Arsenal Factory, is one of the oldest and most famous factories in Kyiv.

                                               

Vivitar

Vivitar Corporation was a manufacturer, distributor, and marketer of photographic and optical equipment originally based in Santa Monica, California. Since 2008, the Vivitar name serves as Sakar Internationals house brand for digital imaging, opt ...

                                               

Depth of field

For many cameras, depth of field is the distance between the nearest and the farthest objects that are in acceptably sharp focus in an image. The depth of field can be calculated based on focal length, distance to subject, the acceptable circle o ...

                                               

Angular rate sensor

Angular rate sensors are devices that directly measure angular rate, without integration in conditioning electronics. Gyroscopes also measure angular rate. Generally gyroscopes are able to measure a constant rotation rate, while rate sensors also ...

                                               

Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on th ...

                                               

Exposure (photography)

In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area reaching a photographic film or electronic image sensor, as determined by shutter speed, lens aperture, and scene luminance. Exposure is measured in lux seconds, and can be computed fr ...

                                               

Color printing

Color printing or colour printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color. Any natural scene or color photograph can be optically and physiologically dissected into three primary colors, red, green and blue, roughly equal amounts of whic ...

                                               

Leica III

The Leica III is a rangefinder camera introduced by Leica in 1933, and produced in parallel with the Leica II series. Several models were produced over the years, with significant improvements. The Leica III uses a coupled rangefinder distinct fr ...

                                               

Leica M1

The Leica M1 is a 35 mm camera by Leica Camera AG, introduced in 1959. The M1 has a parallax-corrected viewfinder with frames for 35 and 50mm permanently displayed. 9431 were made. The M1, which followed the original M3 and later M2, was the lowe ...

                                               

Leica M2

The Leica M2 is a 35 mm rangefinder camera by Ernst Leitz GmbH of Wetzlar, Germany, introduced in 1957. Around 82.000 M2s were produced between 1957 and 1968. Around 1500 M2s were produced by Ernst Leitz Canada, but most of these are not marked a ...

                                               

Leica M7

The Leica M7 is a 35 mm rangefinder camera introduced by Leica AG in 2002 as a direct successor to the M6. The electronic Leica M7 is a departure from previous mechanical designs for the M series.

                                               

Leica M8

The Leica M8 is the first digital camera in the rangefinder M series introduced by Leica Camera AG on 14 September 2006. It uses an APS-H 10.3-megapixel Kodak KAF-10500 CCD image sensor. As of 15 November 2014, the most recent firmware version is ...

                                               

Leica Standard

The Leica Standard, Model E was the fourth version of the original 35 mm Leica camera to be launched from Ernst Leitz in Wetzlar, Germany. The concept was conceived by their employee Oskar Barnack in 1913. Production of the camera began in 1925 b ...

                                               

Leicaflex / SL / SL2

The Leicaflex was the first series of 35 mm format Single-lens reflex cameras manufactured by Leitz Camera. The Leicaflexes were fully mechanical cameras marketed between 1964 and 1976, in response to the rapid increase in popularity and usabilit ...

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