Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 125

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 125

                                               

1842 in rail transport

December - William Maxwell succeeds James Bowen as president of the Erie Railroad.

                                               

1843 in rail transport

John Cooke, future founder of Cooke Locomotive Works, is promoted to superintendent at American steam locomotive manufacturing company Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works.

                                               

1844 in rail transport

Egide Walschaerts of the Belgian State Railways originates Walschaerts valve gear for steam locomotives.

                                               

1845 in rail transport

William Swinburne, shop foreman for Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor, leaves Rogers to form his own locomotive manufacturing company, Swinburne, Smith and Company. Walter McQueen becomes chief mechanical engineer for the Hudson River Railroad.

                                               

1846 in rail transport

December 17 – The Lancaster and Carlisle Railway is opened throughout to Carlisle.

                                               

1847 in rail transport

John Urpeth Rastrick retires from Foster, Rastrick and Company, the English firm that built the first steam locomotives for the Delaware and Hudson Railroad.

                                               

1848 in rail transport

Tredegar Iron Works Richmond, Virginia manager Joseph R. Anderson becomes the owner of the company.

                                               

1849 in rail transport

The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates the North Carolina Railroad to complete a rail line from Goldsboro through Raleigh and Salisbury to Charlotte. Train ferry PS Leviathan, designed by Thomas Grainger for the Edinburgh, Perth and Dun ...

                                               

1850 in rail transport

Construction begins on the first transcontinental railroad to be completed, the Panama Railway. The Richmond and Danville Railroad begins operation in Virginia.

                                               

1851 in rail transport

The oldest line to become a part of the Southern Pacific Railroad system, the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway begins construction between Houston, Texas, and Alleyton, Texas. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad changes its name to the Mohaw ...

                                               

1852 in rail transport

The first 2-6-0 steam locomotives are built. Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland builds first locomotive at its Inchicore Works, Dublin. John Edgar Thomson becomes president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. John Cooke steps down from the s ...

                                               

1853 in rail transport

American steam locomotive builder Manchester Locomotive Works opens. The Monon Railroad opens its 300-mile 480 km route between Chicago, Illinois, and Louisville, Kentucky

                                               

1854 in rail transport

Henry Farnam becomes president of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. Aretas Blood purchases the steam locomotive manufacturing business of Amoskeag Locomotive Works and folds it into Manchester Locomotive Works. Opening of first secti ...

                                               

1855 in rail transport

The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad in North Carolina is reorganized as the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad.

                                               

1856 in rail transport

December 1 – Opening of first steam-operated passenger railways in Sweden, from Gothenburg to Jonsered 15 km or 9.3 mi and Malmo to Lund 17 km or 11 mi.

                                               

1857 in rail transport

Locomotion No. 1 is placed on display in Darlington, England, the first historic steam locomotive to be publicly preserved. Aretas Blood succeeds O. W. Bayley as superintendent of American steam locomotive builder Manchester Locomotive Works. Gin ...

                                               

1858 in rail transport

John W. Garrett becomes president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

                                               

1859 in rail transport

Compañia de los Caminos de Hierro del Norte de España of Spain introduces its standard 0-6-0 goods locomotives, almost all of which will be in service for more than a century.

                                               

1860 in rail transport

Kingston Locomotive Works, predecessor of the Canadian Locomotive Company, declares bankruptcy. The first 2-6-0s with leading trucks are built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Louisville and Nashville Railroad.

                                               

1861 in rail transport

Jean-Jacques Meyer patents the Meyer locomotive. Budapest-Deli Railway Terminal opens to serve the line to Fiume. Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company in Berwick, Pennsylvania, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, begins manufact ...

                                               

1862 in rail transport

Bergisch-Markische Eisenbahn opens Essen Hauptbahnhof station. Patna–Digha Ghat line opens in British India. Cornelius Vanderbilt acquires the New York and Harlem Railroad.

                                               

1863 in rail transport

Henry Farnam retires from the presidency of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. Jackson and Sharp Company, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in Wilmington, Delaware.

                                               

1864 in rail transport

Cornelius Vanderbilt acquires the Hudson River Railroad. Murray, Dougal and Company, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in Milton, Pennsylvania.

                                               

1865 in rail transport

A group of businessmen in San Francisco, led by Timothy Guy Phelps, found the Southern Pacific Railroad to build a rail connection between San Francisco and San Diego. Erastus Corning resigns from his executive post for the New York Central Railr ...

                                               

1866 in rail transport

The Richmond and Danville Railroad acquires the Piedmont Railroad. The John Bull, eventually to become the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world, is retired from active service on the Camden and Amboy Railroad. Construction on the Kansas ...

                                               

1867 in rail transport

Construction on the Union Pacific Railroad reaches Cheyenne, Wyoming. Cornelius Vanderbilt acquires control of the New York Central railroad. The Lehigh Valley Railroad places the first 2-10-0 steam locomotives in the world into use. An early for ...

                                               

1868 in rail transport

First Meyer locomotive to the patent of Jean-Jacques Meyer, LAvenir, is built by Cail in France. Leland Stanford succeeds Timothy Guy Phelps as President of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. Calcutta & ...

                                               

1869 in rail transport

William Henry Vanderbilt, son of Cornelius Vanderbilt, is promoted to Vice President of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad. The first railroad built in New Jersey, the Camden and Amboy Railroad, is merged into the United New Jersey Ra ...

                                               

1870 in rail transport

Northwestern Pacific Railroad predecessor San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad begins service between San Francisco Bay and Santa Rosa, California. The Southern Pacific Railroad and Central Pacific Railroad operations are merged under the Sou ...

                                               

1871 in rail transport

The owners of the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad and the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad begin using the name Atlantic Coast Line in advertising to describe the two railroads. Ensign Manufacturing Company, later to become part of American Car ...

                                               

1872 in rail transport

The Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad leases North Carolinas Wilmington and Weldon Railroad. Strasburg, Colorado – joining of rail over river completes transcontinental railway. Transcaucasian Railway from Poti on the Black Sea to Tbilisi ...

                                               

1873 in rail transport

St. Charles Car Company, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in St. Charles, Missouri. Under the direction of Cornelius Vanderbilt, the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad tracks reach Chicago, Illinois. Matthew Ba ...

                                               

1874 in rail transport

The Wm. Mason, an 0-6-6 Mason Bogie by William Mason locomotive builder, is the first locomotive with Walschaerts valve gear built in the United States. Dr. Livingston Stone of the U.S. Fish Commission which later becomes the United States Fish a ...

                                               

1875 in rail transport

First Caspar Lumber Company steam locomotive begins operation on what will become the Caspar, South Fork and Eastern Railroad The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad purchases the line between Topeka and Kansas City, Kansas. Russian engineer a ...

                                               

1876 in rail transport

The first regularly operated compound locomotives, a series of small 2-cylinder compound 0-4-2 tanks, are built to the design of Anatole Mallet by Schneider of Le Creusot for the Bayonne–Biarritz Railway, France. The Atjeh Staats Spoorwegen, a na ...

                                               

1877 in rail transport

William Henry Vanderbilt, son of Cornelius Vanderbilt, is promoted to President of the New York Central system. Second railway in Estonia connecting Tapa on the Tallinn–Saint Petersburg line with Tartu, the biggest city in Southern Estonia at thi ...

                                               

1878 in rail transport

The Richmond and Danville Railroad acquires the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad. The Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad, lessee of the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, declares bankruptcy. The Canadian Engine and Machinery Company ...

                                               

1879 in rail transport

Southern Pacific Railroad engineers experiment with the first oil-fired steam locomotives.

                                               

1880 in rail transport

February 12 – The Tawas and Bay County Railroad in Michigan purchases the Lake Huron and Southwestern Railway. February 18 – Adna Anderson succeeds William Milnor Roberts as Engineer-in-Chief of Northern Pacific Railway. February 9 – The Atchison ...

                                               

1881 in rail transport

The first standard gauge railroad in China is opened from Tangshan to Xugezhuang 10 km 6.2 mi) for coal traffic. The French Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interoceanique purchases a controlling interest in the Panama Railway Company. E.W. Clark & ...

                                               

1882 in rail transport

Spring – The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, later to become part of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, building westward from Albuquerque, New Mexico, reaches Canyon Diablo, Arizona. Minerva Car Works, later to become part of American Ca ...

                                               

1883 in rail transport

Franklin B. Gowen retires from the presidency of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The National Railway Appliance Exhibition is held in Chicago, Illinois. William Henry Vanderbilt resigns from the presidency of the New York Central system an ...

                                               

1884 in rail transport

Charles Francis Adams, Jr. becomes president of the Union Pacific Railroad. Summer - The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, later to become part of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, completes its connection between Needles and Mojave, Califo ...

                                               

1885 in rail transport

The New Zealand Government Railways become the first major railway to place a 2-6-2 steam locomotive into service, having ordered ten V class from Nasmyth, Wilson and Company of Manchester, England. Cornelius Vanderbilt II is promoted to presiden ...

                                               

1886 in rail transport

Grande Ceinture line around Paris completed. The first refrigerator cars on the Southern Pacific Railroad enter operation. The Southern Pacific Railroad wins the landmark Supreme Court case Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad which es ...

                                               

1887 in rail transport

Stuyvesant Fish becomes president of the Illinois Central. Rebuilding of Gare Saint-Lazare terminus of the Chemins de fer de lOuest in Paris is completed. Colorado Midland completes construction of the Hagerman Tunnel. Tapa–Tartu railway in Eston ...

                                               

1888 in rail transport

First section of metre gauge Brunig railway line in Switzerland opened by Jura–Bern–Lucerne Railway from Brienz over the Brunig Pass to Alpnachstad using the Riggenbach rack system. Spring – The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway begins throug ...

                                               

1889 in rail transport

First section of Luanda Railway opens in Portuguese Angola. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway takes delivery of first four Class B locomotives from Sharp Stewart and Company of Glasgow: the design will remain in service into the 21st century. Riga–Psk ...

                                               

1890 in rail transport

Klien-Lindner axle patented. Hugh J. Chisholm forms the Portland and Rumford Falls Railway to link Androscoggin River papermills to the Maine Central Railroad. Leland Stanford begins his term as Chairman of the Executive Committee for Southern Pa ...

                                               

1891 in rail transport

Canadian Pacific Railway launches its trans-Pacific shipping route between Vancouver, British Columbia and Hong Kong. Geared steam locomotive designs in the United States: Charles L. Heisler builds a working prototype of what is to become the Hei ...

                                               

1892 in rail transport

Ramses Station, Cairo, Egypt. The Richmond and Danville Railroad enters receivership. Construction of first petrol-engined locomotive, designed by Gottlieb Daimler and built in Esslingen, Germany. Michigan-Peninsular Car Company, later to become ...

                                               

1893 in rail transport

Jewett Car Company is founded in Jewett, Ohio; it will become a major supplier of interurban cars and trolleys. Eugene V. Debs organizes the first industrial union in the United States, the American Railway Union ARU. Jacob S. Rogers, son of comp ...

                                               

1894 in rail transport

Stearns Manufacturing Company of Erie, Pennsylvania, starts manufacturing Heisler locomotives. Construction of first oil-engined locomotive, an experimental unit designed by William Dent Priestman and built by his company, Priestman Brothers of H ...

                                               

1895 in rail transport

Turkmenbashi railway station opens in Krasnovodsk, Turkmenistan. The Pasadena and Pacific Railroad begins construction on an interurban line between Pasadena and Santa Monica, California. The Pasadena and Los Angeles Electric Railway, the first i ...

                                               

1896 in rail transport

Atlas Car and Manufacturing Company of Cleveland, Ohio, begins building steam locomotives. The Loup Creek & Deepwater Railway predecessor of the Deepwater Railway is formed. Beyer, Peacock and Company of Manchester, England, deliver the first fiv ...

                                               

1897 in rail transport

Narrow gauge Ferrocarril Cazadero la Torre y Tepetongo begins passenger service to Nado, Estado de Mexico. First successful class of 2-8-2 steam locomotives built by Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia for the 3 ft 6 in 1.067 mm gauge Nippon ...

                                               

1898 in rail transport

Sunset magazine is founded as a promotional tool of the Southern Pacific Railroad. The Loup Creek & Deepwater railway is officially renamed Deepwater Railway

                                               

1899 in rail transport

Southern Car and Foundry, later to become part of American Car and Foundry, is founded in Memphis, Tennessee. Niagara, St. Catharines and Toronto Railway is formed in Ontario, Canada, by reorganization of the St. Catharines and Niagara Central Ra ...

                                               

1900 in rail transport

The Boston and Albany Railroad becomes a subsidiary railroad of the New York Central. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway gains control of Colorado Midland and begins operating it as a subsidiary railroad. The Pittsburgh, Shenango and Lake Erie ...

                                               

1901 in rail transport

E. H. Harriman succeeds Charles Melville Hays as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. The Lake Shore Electric Railway is formed through the merger of the Lorain and Cleveland Railway, Sandusk ...

                                               

1902 in rail transport

The Alaska Central Railroad an early predecessor of the Alaska Railroad begins construction northward from Seward, Alaska. The Atlantic Coast Line acquires the Plant System Railroads and gains control of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. Serio ...

                                               

1903 in rail transport

The British Engineering Standards Committee draws up specifications for eight standard steam locomotive designs for the broad gauge Indian Railways. The Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton Railway opens as the first railroad to have a guarded third rail. E ...

                                               

1904 in rail transport

The Tidewater Railway is chartered in Virginia. 2 ft 600 mm gauge Hornos Railroad Ferrocarril de Hornos begins service for Coahuilas Hacienda de Hornos. First Mallet locomotive built in the United States, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Class O 0-6-6 ...

                                               

1905 in rail transport

Indian Railways Board set up. ALCO purchases rival steam locomotive manufacturer Rogers Locomotive Works. American Car and Foundry acquires Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company. Construction begins on the Tidewater Railway in ...

                                               

1906 in rail transport

The Green Bay and Western acquires a majority interest in the Ahnapee and Western Railway. Samuel Spencer is succeeded by William Finley as president of the Southern Railway. Prussian S 6 Class 4-4-0 steam locomotives introduced; 584 are eventual ...

                                               

1907 in rail transport

Government of India purchases most major railway companies and leases them back to private operators. Pennsylvania Railroad builds its third experimental electric locomotive, number 10003, the forerunner of the PRR DD1 class of locomotives. The D ...

                                               

1908 in rail transport

The Soo Line acquires a majority interest in the Wisconsin Central Railway. Prussian P 8 Class 4-6-0 steam locomotives introduced; around 3.700 are eventually built to this design.

                                               

1909 in rail transport

The Nickel Plate Road begins a massive grade separation project in Cleveland, Ohio, to eliminate street grade crossings on the railroads mainline in the city. Opening of the Jingzhang railway connecting Beijing with Zhangjiakou, first section of ...

                                               

1910 in rail transport

First section of Moçamedes Railway opens in Portuguese Angola. Finnish Railways opens Lanskaya Station in Saint Peterburg, Russia after restructuring by the architect Bruno Granholm. Carillon and Grenville Railway closes, the last broad 5 6" gaug ...

                                               

1911 in rail transport

Penn Station in Baltimore, Maryland opens. Chesapeake and Ohio Railway introduces the first 4-8-2 steam locomotives in the United States built by the American Locomotive Company onto its Mountain section. Rhaetian Railway Ge 2/2 electric locomoti ...

                                               

1912 in rail transport

First Э 0-10-0 steam locomotive introduced in Russia. This will become the worlds largest class with around 14.000 built. Portland Company completes the last freight car commercially manufactured for Maine narrow gauge railroads. Berne gauge Euro ...

                                               

1913 in rail transport

William Finley is succeeded by Fairfax Harrison as president of the Southern Railway. The Supreme Court of the United States orders the Union Pacific Railroad to sell all of its stock in the Southern Pacific Railroad. First examples of Class 140 ...

                                               

1914 in rail transport

Baldwin Locomotive Works build the first 2-8-8-8-2 triplex locomotive, Matt H. Shay, for the Erie Railroad. The railhead of the Central Line Mittellandbahn across German East Africa from the coast reaches Kigoma on the shore of Lake Tanganyika. T ...

                                               

1915 in rail transport

First Russian locomotive class Ye 2-10-0s built in North America. By the end of World War II, more than three thousand will have been built to the same basic design.

                                               

1916 in rail transport

Underground Electric Railways Company of London, operator of the London Underground, adopts Johnston typeface as part of its corporate identity. The Pennsylvania Railroads first I1s 2-10-0 "Decapod" locomotive is completed and first A5s 0-4-0 and ...

                                               

1917 in rail transport

The Tanana Valley Railroad in Fairbanks, Alaska a predecessor of the Alaska Railroad enters receivership. Estacion Constitucion in Buenos Aires, Argentina, opens. Russias Railway Worker Day national holiday, established in 1886, is abolished unde ...

                                               

1918 in rail transport

Julius Kruttschnitt succeeds William Sproule as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. Sir Edward Wentworth Beatty succeeds Thomas George Shaughnessy as president of Canadian Pacific Railway. T ...

                                               

1919 in rail transport

The Federal Trade Commission orders Armour & Co. to sell its produce-hauling subsidiary, Fruit Growers Express FGE, for antitrust reasons. Ralph Budd becomes president of the Great Northern Railway and becomes the youngest 40 president of any Ame ...

                                               

1920 in rail transport

William Sproule succeeds Julius Kruttschnitt as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. This is Sproules second term as president. Government of India accepts recommendation of Sir William Acwor ...

                                               

1921 in rail transport

Spring – Founding of Railway & Locomotive Historical Society in the U.S. Standard Oil begins shipments of gasoline from Casper, Wyoming, by tank car on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad to Baton Rouge, Louisiana; in Baton Rouge, the fue ...

                                               

1922 in rail transport

The New York Central acquires the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad the Big Four Railroad. Sir Henry Thornton succeeds David Blyth Hanna as president of Canadian National Railway. George Hughes succeeds H. P. M. Beames as Chie ...

                                               

1923 in rail transport

U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission allows Southern Pacific Railroads control of the Central Pacific Railroad to continue, ruling that it is in the publics interest. The Gold Coast Government Railways Accra–Kumasi direct line is completed. Munisi ...

                                               

1924 in rail transport

The London and North Eastern Railway in Britain officially names its Flying Scotsman express train, although the 10.00 a.m. service from London Kings Cross to Edinburgh Waverley over the East Coast Main Line has previously been known by this titl ...

                                               

1925 in rail transport

William W. Atterbury becomes president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Henry deForest succeeds Julius Kruttschnitt as Chairman of the Executive Committee for the Southern Pacific Company, the parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. America ...

                                               

1926 in rail transport

American Car and Foundry acquires J. G. Brill and Company. Atlantic Coast Line Railroad gains control of the Atlanta, Birmingham and Coast Railroad.

                                               

1927 in rail transport

Rail transport in Cameroon extended to Yaounde. First Dutch National Railway Museum established. American Car and Foundry acquires Shippers Car Line. Narrow gauge Sandy River and Rangeley Lakes Railroad ends train service to the Rangeley Lakes Ho ...

                                               

1928 in rail transport

Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft Class ET 165 "Stadtbahn" electric multiple units for Berlin S-Bahn introduced; the class will remain in commuter service into the 1990s. Hale Holden succeeds Henry deForest as Chairman of the Executive Committee f ...

                                               

1929 in rail transport

Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway in Argentina takes delivery for suburban service of three diesel locomotives built by Armstrong Whitworth in conjunction with Sulzer Brothers, the first passenger diesels built in the UK London & North Eastern ...

                                               

1930 in rail transport

General American Transportation Corporation assumes ownership of Swift Refrigerator Line.

                                               

1931 in rail transport

Ernest Lemon succeeds Sir Henry Fowler as Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. A wide gauge railway line connecting Estonian towns Tartu and Pechory is opened. Thereby Estonian seaports are now directly connected ...

                                               

1932 in rail transport

First Franco-Crosti boilered locomotive built, Belgian State Railways No 2096, an 0-6-2+2-4-2-4-2+2-6-0 articulated. The Lake Shore Electric Railway in Ohio declares bankruptcy. Hale Holden steps down as Chairman of the Executive Committee for th ...

                                               

1933 in rail transport

The Cache-Two Rivers trestle on the Ottawa, Arnprior & Parry Sound Railway is severely damaged by flood waters. Repairs proved too costly and it was closed effectively cutting the railway into two pieces. This event would lead to its demise in 1959.

                                               

1934 in rail transport

The first 2-6-6-4 steam locomotives in the world are delivered to the Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railroad. ALCO renames the Brooks Works plant, formerly Brooks Locomotive Works, in Dunkirk, New York, to ALCO Thermal Products Division. Congo–Oce ...

                                               

1935 in rail transport

The Milwaukee Road enters bankruptcy. The Goodyear-Zeppelin Company completes construction on the Comet streamlined passenger trainset for the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. The National Model Railroad Association is founded in the Un ...

                                               

1936 in rail transport

Illinois Centrals Illinois Central 121 trainset is built by Pullman-Standard. Southern Railway Great Britain signs exclusive 10-year contract with English Electric for the supply of traction equipment for its electric multiple units. This will be ...

                                               

1937 in rail transport

Fairfax Harrison is succeeded by Earnest E. Norris as president of the Southern Railway. Union Pacific Railroad changes the consist on the City of Los Angeles passenger train to use one of only two EMC E2 locomotives built. Raymond Loewy establis ...

                                               

1938 in rail transport

Overhead wire on the Pennsylvania Railroads mainline from New York City reaches Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The first passenger car equipped with fluorescent lights is operated on the New York Central Railroad. Pennsylvania Railroads Broadway Limit ...

                                               

1939 in rail transport

The General Pershing Zephyr debuts on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad between Kansas City and St. Louis, Missouri. Trans-Iranian Railway completed, joining the capital Tehran to the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea 1394 km 865 miles). ...

                                               

1940 in rail transport

December 15 – The IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway is completed and opened throughout. December 17 – The Florida East Coast Railway introduces the Dixie Flagler passenger train between Chicago, Illinois and Miami, Florida, replac ...

                                               

1941 in rail transport

The Heisler Locomotive Works produces the last Heisler locomotive. Armand Mercier succeeds Angus Daniel McDonald as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad. The Hollywood, a lounge car built for ...

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