Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 124

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 124

                                               

Rail transport in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Railway operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina are successors of the Yugoslav Railways within the country boundaries following independence from Yugoslavia in March 1992.

                                               

Botswana Railways

BR was created in 1987 when the government of Botswana bought out the Botswana-based sections of the National Railways of Zimbabwe NRZ. NRZ had been initially operating the rail system after Botswana had gained independence. Management of the BR ...

                                               

Rail transport in Burkina Faso

There are 622 kilometres of 1.000 mm gauge railway in Burkina Faso which run from Kaya to the border with Cote dIvoire. As of June 2014 Sitarail operates a passenger train three times a week along the route from Ouagadougou to Abidjan. Journey ti ...

                                               

East Siberian Railway

The East Siberian Railway is a railway in Russia, which runs across Irkutsk Oblast, Chita Oblast, Buryatia, and Yakutia. The railway administration is located in Irkutsk. The East Siberian Railway borders with the Krasnoyarsk Railway, Trans-Baika ...

                                               

Rail transport in Bhutan

There is no rail transport in Bhutan. However, Bhutan and India have signed a memorandum of understanding to connect Bhutan with the Indian Railways network. On January 25, 2005, the King of Bhutan and Indian Prime Minister agreed to carry out a ...

                                               

Rail transport in Vatican City

The Vatican Railway was opened in 1934 to serve Vatican City and its only station, Vatican City. The main rail tracks are standard gauge and 300 metres long, with two freight sidings, making it the shortest national railway system in the world. A ...

                                               

Trans-Gabon Railway

The Trans-Gabon Railway is the only railway in Gabon. It runs 670 km east from Owendo port station in Libreville to Franceville via numerous stations, the main ones being Ndjole, Lope, Booue, Lastoursville and Moanda.

                                               

History of rail transport in Haiti

"Rail transport in Haiti" redirects here. This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series There are currently no functioning railways in Haiti and has never had any rail connections with the neighbouring Dominican Republic ...

                                               

Railways in Guyana

There were three major bridges on the line, all constructed of iron, across the Mahaica, Mahaicony and Abary Rivers. Stations included:

                                               

Rail transport in Ghana

The railway system in Ghana has historically been confined to the plains south of the barrier range of mountains north of the city of Kumasi. However, the 1.067 mm narrow gauge railway, totalling 935 kilometres, is undergoing major rehabilitation ...

                                               

Rail transport in Germany

As of 2015, Germany had a railway network of 33.331 km of which 19.983 km were electrified and 18.201 km were double track. Germany is a member of the International Union of Railways. The UIC Country Code for Germany is 80. Germany was ranked fou ...

                                               

Rail transport in Hong Kong

Hong Kongs rail network mainly comprises public transport trains operated by the MTR Corporation Limited. The MTRC operates the metro network of Hong Kong and the commuter rail network connecting the northeastern and northwestern New Territories ...

                                               

Rail transport in Greece

Rail transport in Greece has a history which began in 1869, with the completion of the then Athens & Piraeus Railway, with parts of it also becoming the second-oldest underground metro system in the world. The running of the Greek railways is spl ...

                                               

Rail transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Rail transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is provided by the National Railway Company of the Congo, the ONATRA and the Office of the Uele Railways. The national system is mostly operated by the Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer du ...

                                               

Rail transport in Djibouti

Rail transport in Djibouti is administered through the Ethio-Djibouti Standard Gauge Rail Transport Share Company, a bi-national company between Ethiopia and Djibouti to manage the only railway in Djibouti, the electrified standard gauge internat ...

                                               

Rail transport in Europe

Rail transport in Europe is characterised by its diversity, both technical and infrastructural. Rail networks in Western and Central Europe are often well maintained and well developed, whilst Eastern, Northern and Southern Europe often have less ...

                                               

Rail transport in Zambia

Rail transport in Zambia is primarily provided by two systems: Zambia Railways Limited sub-systems: Cape to Cairo Railway and Sena railway TAZARA Railway Zambia Railways operates a number of rail lines, including the Mulobezi Railway; as of the e ...

                                               

Rail transport in India

Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India. All main-line rail operations in India are handled by Indian Railways IR, a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways. As of March 2017, the rail network comprises 121.407 km 7 ...

                                               

Rail transport in Italy

The Italian railway system is one of the most important parts of the infrastructure of Italy, with a total length of 24.227 km of which active lines are 16.723 km. The network has recently grown with the construction of the new high-speed rail ne ...

                                               

Kazakhstan Temir Zholy

Kazakhstan Temir Zholy), also National Company Kazakhstan Temir Zholy, is the national railway company of Kazakhstan.

                                               

Rail transport in Cameroon

There are plans for an iron ore railway, which however might be isolated from existing railways. The distance from the mine to the nearest likely port is about 500 km. A connection to the nearest Camrail line at Mbalmayo on the Nyong River would ...

                                               

Rail transport in Kenya

Rail transport in Kenya consists of a metre-gauge network that is in poor condition and a new standard gauge railway. Both railways connect Kenyas main port city of Mombasa to the interior, running through the national capital of Nairobi. The met ...

                                               

Kyrgyz Railways

Kyrgyz Railway operates about 320 km of single track lines with a total track length of 428 km. After the Soviet Union broke up, Kyrgyz Railways obtained 2.500 freight cars, 450 passenger cars and 50 locomotives from the Soviet railways. However, ...

                                               

Rail transportation in Kosovo

The Railways of Kosovo in station territories take place from 333.9 km up to 105.7 km, whereas the industrial lines involve 103.4 km. The Railways of Kosovo are a property of the public sector where the state has access to ruling all administrati ...

                                               

Rail transport in Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast has 660 kilometres of railway. The track gauge is 1.000 mm. The railway was built during the French colonial period, and links the port city of Abidjan with Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso.

                                               

Rail transport in Latvia

Rail transport in Latvia is done on 1.520 mm Russian gauge. The main railway company is the state-owned Latvijas dzelzceļs, with its subsidiary Pasazieru vilciens providing passenger services. Historically Latvia had lot of different rail gauges, ...

                                               

Rail transport in Lesotho

The nation of Lesotho has a single railway station, located in the capital city Maseru. It is the terminus of the Maseru branch line, which connects to the railway network of South Africa.

                                               

Rail transport in Libya

There have been no operational railways in Libya since 1965, but various lines existed in the past. An extensive system is now being developed and under construction.

                                               

Rail transport in Liechtenstein

Liechtensteins one railway line is operated by Austrian Federal Railways. As such, it represents an exception to the more usual Liechtenstein practice of co-operating closely with Switzerland, as in the case of the principalitys use of the Swiss ...

                                               

Rail transport in Malawi

Malawi Railways is the national rail network in Malawi, run by a government corporation until privatisation in 1999. As of 1 December 1999 the Central East African Railways, a consortium led by Railroad Development Corporation, won the right to o ...

                                               

Rail transport in Mali

Mali has only one railway, the Dakar-Niger Railway, which includes 729 kilometers in Mali and runs from the port of Koulikoro via Bamako to the border with Senegal and continues on to Dakar. The track gauge is 1.000 mm. As of 2013 passenger servi ...

                                               

Rail transport in Morocco

On 26 November 2018 was launched the first high-speed rail line linking Casablanca and Tangier. It is called Al-Boraq البُراق‎ in reference to the mythical creature that transported the Islamic prophets. This 323-kilometer-long 201 mi high-speed ...

                                               

Rail transport in Monaco

The Principality of Monaco has currently a single railway station, Monaco-Monte Carlo, part of the Marseille–Ventimiglia railway line. The station was originally opened in 1867, but extensively rebuilt in 1999. The length of railway within the Pr ...

                                               

Rail transport in Mongolia

Rail transport in Mongolia is an important means of travel in the landlocked country of Mongolia, which has relatively few paved roads. According to official statistics, rail transport carried 93% of Mongolian freight and 43% of passenger turnove ...

                                               

Rail transport in Nigeria

Railways in Nigeria are operated by the Nigerian Railway Corporation. Nigerias rail system consists of 3.505 km of 3 ft 6 in gauge lines and 507 km of standard gauge lines. Efforts are underway to develop the Cape gauge network as well as constru ...

                                               

Rail transport in the Netherlands

Rail transport in the Netherlands uses a dense railway network which connects nearly all major towns and cities. There are as many train stations as there are municipalities in the Netherlands. The network totals 3.223 route km on 6.830 kilometre ...

                                               

Rail transport in Nicaragua

As of 2012, there is no rail transport in Nicaragua. All traffic has been suspended since September 2001, ending several decades of a steady decline. In the past, there were 3 ft 6 in gauge railroads on the Pacific coast, connecting major cities. ...

                                               

Rail transport in Norway

The Norwegian railway system comprises 4.087 km of 1.435 mm track of which 2.622 km is electrified and 242 km double track. There are 696 tunnels and 2.760 bridges. The Norwegian Railway Directorate manages the railway network in Norway on behalf ...

                                               

Rail transport in Paraguay

The Rail system in Paraguay consisted primarily of a 376 km main line of standard gauge between Asuncion and Encarnacion. The infrastructure was administered by Ferrocarriles del Paraguay S.A., corporation established in 2002.

                                               

Transport in the Republic of the Congo

Transport in the Republic of the Congo includes land, air and water transportation. The countrys rail system was built by forced laborers during the 1930s and largely remains in operation. There are also over 1.000 km of paved roads and two major ...

                                               

Serbian Railways

Serbian Railways is a Serbian engineering and technical consulting company based in Belgrade, Serbia. It is an affiliated member of the International Union of Railways. In 2015, the Government of Serbia established three new companies which took ...

                                               

Rail transport in Slovakia

Rail transport in Slovakia began on 21 September 1840, with the opening of the first horse-powered line from Bratislava to Svaty Jur. The first steam-powered line, from Bratislava to Vienna, opened on 20 August 1848. The modern Zeleznice Slovensk ...

                                               

Rail transport in Sudan

Sudan has 4.725 kilometers of narrow-gauge, single-track railroads that serve the northern and central portions of the country. The main line runs from Wadi Halfa on the Egyptian border to Khartoum and southwest to El-Obeid via Sannar and Kosti, ...

                                               

Rail transport in Tajikistan

Rail transport in Tajikistan is limited, as the railroad system totals only 680 kilometres of non-electrified, single-track railway, all of it 1.520 mm broad gauge. The system connects the main urban centers of western Tajikistan with points in n ...

                                               

Railways in Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan has 4.980 kilometres of railways. The railway operator is the state owned company Turkmendemiryollary. The company belongs to the Ministry of Railways of Turkmenistan.

                                               

Rail transport in Turkey

Turkey has a well-developed, state-owned railway system built to standard gauge) which falls under the remit of the Ministry of Transport and Communication. The primary rail carrier is the Turkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları which is responsi ...

                                               

Rail transport in Finland

The Finnish railway network consists of a total of 5.919 km of railways built with 1.524 mm Russian gauge track. Passenger trains are operated by the state-owned VR. They serve all the major cities and many rural areas, though railway connections ...

                                               

Rail transport in Montenegro

Rail transport in Montenegro is operated by four separate companies, which independently handle railway infrastructure, passenger transport, cargo transport and maintenance of the rolling stock. The four companies were a part of public company Ra ...

                                               

Rail transport in Sweden

Rail transport in Sweden uses a network of 13.000 km of track, the 22nd largest in the world. Construction of the first railway line in Sweden began in 1855. The major operator of passenger trains is the state-owned SJ AB. In 1988, prompted by SJ ...

                                               

Eritrean Railway

The Eritrean Railway is the only railway system in Eritrea. It was constructed between 1887 and 1932 during the Italian Eritrea colony and connected the port of Massawa with Asmara and Bishia near the Sudan border. The line was destroyed by warfa ...

                                               

Rail transport in Ethiopia

Rail transport in Ethiopia is done within the National Railway Network of Ethiopia, which currently consists of three electrified standard gauge railway lines: the Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway, the Awash–Weldiya Railway and the Weldiya–Mekelle Ra ...

                                               

Rail transport in South Africa

Rail transport in South Africa is an important element of the countrys transport infrastructure. All major cities are connected by rail, and South Africas railway system is the most highly developed in Africa. The South African rail industry is p ...

                                               

Rail transport in South Sudan

Rail transport in South Sudan does not have an extensive rail system and current rail infrastructure, which was constructed between 1959–1962, and what has been left over from the previous Sudan government is in a serious state of disrepair. It c ...

                                               

Rail transport in Japan

Rail transport in Japan is a major means of passenger transport, especially for mass and high-speed travel between major cities and for commuter transport in urban areas. It is used relatively little for freight transport, accounting for just 0.8 ...

                                               

Rail transport in France

Rail transport in France is marked by a clear predominance of passenger traffic, driven in particular by high-speed rail. The SNCF, the national state-owned railway company, operates most of the passenger and freight services on the national netw ...

                                               

Rail transport in Madagascar

Rail transport in Madagascar is primarily operated by Madarail, The northern railway TCE, Tananarive–Cote Est is currently concessioned to Madarail. The southern line, Fianarantsoa-Cote-Est railway FCE, is a parastatal line.

                                               

Rail transport in Ireland

Rail transport in Ireland is provided by Iarnrod Eireann in the Republic of Ireland and by Northern Ireland Railways in Northern Ireland. Most routes in the Republic radiate from Dublin. Northern Ireland has suburban routes from Belfast and two m ...

                                               

Donetsk Railway Transport Institute

The Donetsk Railway Transport Institute DRTI is an educational institute in Donetsk, Ukraine, that trains professionals to work in different departments of the railway. The Institute trains more than 3.000 full-time and part-time students.

                                               

Dnipro National University of Rail Transport

Dnipro National University of Railway Transport named after academician V. Lazaryan is a higher educational institution of the 4th level of state accreditation in Ukraine. It was founded in 1930 as the Institute of Railway Transport Engineers.

                                               

Museum of Sverdlovsk Railway

The Museum of Sverdlovsk Railway is a railway museum in Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia, which opened in the 1970s. It consists of the Old Yekaterinburg Station building at the city center and a display area 6.000 m² at the Yekaterinburg ...

                                               

History of rail transport

The history of rail transport began in 6th century BC in Ancient Greece. It can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of track material and motive power used.

                                               

History of rail transport in France

This article is part of the History of rail transport series The history of rail transport in France dates from the first French railway in 1823 to present-day enterprises such as the AGV.

                                               

History of rail transport in Great Britain

This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series. The railway system of Great Britain started with the building of local isolated wooden wagonways starting in the 1560s. A patchwork of local rail links operated by small pri ...

                                               

History of rail transport in Great Britain 1923–1947

This article is part of a series on the History of rail transport in Great Britain The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1923–1947 covers the period when the British railway system was run by the Big Four group of companies – the London, ...

                                               

History of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994

This article is part of a series on the History of rail transport in Great Britain The history of rail transport in Great Britain 1948–1994 covers the period when the British railway system was nationalised under the name of British Rail, until i ...

                                               

History of rail transport in Great Britain to 1830

The history of rail transport in Great Britain to 1830 covers the period up to the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the worlds first intercity passenger railway operated solely by steam locomotives. The earliest form of railways, ...

                                               

History of rail transport in Turkey

The history of rail transport in Turkey began with the start of the placement in 1856 of a 130 kilometres railway line between Izmir and Aydın. The first finished Ottoman railway line was a 66 kilometres line between Kostence and Boğazkoy built i ...

                                               

Museum of the Moscow Railway (Moscow Rizhsky station)

The Museum of the Moscow Railway at Rizhsky station in Moscow is an open-air exhibition of rolling stock near the Moscow Rizhsky railway station in Moscow.

                                               

1803 in rail transport

July 26 - The Surrey Iron Railway formally opens throughout, first public railway in England.

                                               

1804 in rail transport

June 29 - British Parliamentary approval for the Oystermouth Railway in South Wales is granted, and the first tracks are laid.

                                               

1805 in rail transport

George S. Griggs, pioneering master mechanic in American steam locomotive manufacturing d. 1870. William Swinburne, American locomotive designer and builder d. 1883.

                                               

1806 in rail transport

December 19 – Benjamin Henry Latrobe, II, designer of Baltimore and Ohio Railroads Thomas Viaduct still in use today, is born d. 1878.

                                               

1807 in rail transport

March 25 – The first railway passenger service begins, on the Oystermouth Railway in South Wales. The cars are drawn by horses.

                                               

1808 in rail transport

July 8 through September 18 – Richard Trevithicks steam locomotive Catch Me Who Can is demonstrated in London.

                                               

1809 in rail transport

May – Completion of main construction railway at site of Bell Rock Lighthouse off the coast of Scotland.

                                               

1810 in rail transport

The Leiper Railroad connecting Crum Creek to Ridley Creek, Pennsylvania opens.

                                               

1811 in rail transport

Robert B. Dockray, civil engineer on the London and Birmingham Railway in England d. 1871.

                                               

1812 in rail transport

August 12 – The Middleton Railway, serving coal pits at Leeds in England, becomes the first to use steam locomotives successfully in regular service. The first locomotive, Salamanca, is also the first to use two cylinders and has a rack railway m ...

                                               

1813 in rail transport

Wilson Eddy, American steam locomotive manufacturer d. 1898.

                                               

1814 in rail transport

Andrew Barclay, Scottish steam locomotive builder d. 1900.

                                               

1816 in rail transport

October 8 – Aretas Blood, American steam locomotive manufacturer, owner of Manchester Locomotive Works d. 1897.

                                               

1823 in rail transport

June 23 – Robert Stephenson, his father George Stephenson, Edward Pease and Michael Longridge form Robert Stephenson and Company in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, to build steam locomotives.

                                               

1824 in rail transport

December 31 - George Stephenson, his son Robert Stephenson, Edward Pease and Michael Longridge form George Stephenson and Company, a railway construction consultancy.

                                               

1825 in rail transport

Matthias W. Baldwin opens his first machine shop in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. John Stevens demonstrates a steam rack railway at his home in Hoboken, New Jersey.

                                               

1826 in rail transport

October 7 - The first train operates over the Granite Railway in Massachusetts. October 1 - Opening of the Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway in Scotland.

                                               

1827 in rail transport

John B. Jervis becomes the chief engineer for the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, the forerunner of the Delaware and Hudson Railroad. Claudius Crozet completes surveying a route for the first railroad to be built in Virginia, the Chesterfield ...

                                               

1828 in rail transport

The Hudson and Berkshire Railroad is chartered to build a railroad between Chatham, New York, and Hudson, New York.

                                               

1829 in rail transport

The Leiper Railroad, connecting Crum Creek to Ridley Creek, Pennsylvania closes to be replaced by the Leiper Canal.

                                               

1830 in rail transport

The Boston and Maine Railroad is formed to build a railroad between Boston, Massachusetts, and Portland, Maine.

                                               

1831 in rail transport

John B. Jervis becomes the chief engineer for the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, a predecessor of the New York Central. The first railroad built in Virginia, the Chesterfield Railroad, begins operations. First rail carriage of United States mail, by ...

                                               

1832 in rail transport

The Jefferson Works in Paterson, New Jersey, is reorganized as Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor later to become Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works. Ross Winans patents the 8-wheel railroad car, but the patent is soon disputed by the Baltimore and O ...

                                               

1833 in rail transport

The Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway operates a wagon ferry on the Forth and Clyde Canal in Scotland. Paterson and Hudson River Railroad is chartered. Construction is completed on the Camden and Amboy Railroad in New Jersey. Tredegar Iron Works ...

                                               

1834 in rail transport

The Castleton and West Stockbridge Railroad is chartered to build a railroad between Albany, New York, and the Massachusetts state line. The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is chartered in Wilmington, North Carolina, and begins construction.

                                               

1835 in rail transport

The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad in North Carolina is chartered. The Boston and Maine Railroad is formed to build a railroad between Boston, Massachusetts, and Portland, Maine. The first steam locomotive assembled by Rogers Locomotive and Mach ...

                                               

1836 in rail transport

The Bangor and Piscataquis Canal and Railroad Company operates the first steam railroad in Maine with two 2-2-0 locomotives manufactured in England.

                                               

1837 in rail transport

Rogers, Ketchum and Grosvenor receives the companys first order for new steam locomotives; the order for two locomotives is placed by the Mad River and Lake Erie Railroad and is intended to be the beginning of the railroads locomotive fleet. Scot ...

                                               

1838 in rail transport

The first "bed-carriage" sleeping car passenger cars are introduced on the London and Birmingham Railway and the Grand Junction Railway in England.

                                               

1839 in rail transport

October – Eleazer Lord succeeds James G. King for a second term as president of the Erie Railroad. October 3 – The first railway line in Italy, 7 km between Naples and Portici, opens. October 19 – George Bradshaw publishes the worlds first collec ...

                                               

1840 in rail transport

Mordecai W. Jackson and George Mack partner to create a farm implement manufacturing company that will eventually become Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company, one of the constituent companies of American Car and Foundry Company. By July – Aug ...

                                               

1841 in rail transport

Joseph R. Anderson becomes manager of the American steam locomotive manufacturing firm Tredegar Iron Works. Draughtsman William Howe and pattern-maker William Williams of Robert Stephenson and Company in Newcastle upon Tyne originate Stephenson v ...

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