Топ-100 ★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 100

★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 100

                                               

January 21

1919 – the revolutionary Irish Parliament was founded, and proclaimed the independence of the Irish Republic. One of the first projects of the Irish war of independence was going on. 1854 – in the sinking of RMS Tayleur at Lambay island on her ma ...

                                               

January 22

1973 – the crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the final mission landing on the moon. 1906 – the SS Valencia route aground on rocks on Vancouver island, British Columbia, killing more than 130. 1863 – the January uprisin ...

                                               

January 25

1554 – Sao Paulo, Brazil, was founded by Jesuit priests. 2006 – Mexican professional wrestler Juana Barraza is arrested in connection with the serial murders of at least ten elderly women. 1961 – 101 Dalmatians premiere of Walt Disney. 2019 – min ...

                                               

January 27

1996 – In a military coup Colonel Ibrahim bare Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected President of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane. 2011 – Arab spring: the Yemeni revolution begins as over 16.000 protestors demonstrate in Sanaa. 1996 – Germa ...

                                               

January 30

1607 – about 200 square miles 51.800 ha along the shores of the Bristol channel and the estuary of the river Severn in England destroyed by massive flooding, resulting in about 2.000 deaths. 1945 – world war II: RAID at Cabanatuan: one hundred tw ...

                                               

January 10

1962 – Apollo program: NASA announces plans to create a C-5 carrier rocket, which became known as the rocket Saturn V the moon, which launched every Apollo mission to the moon. 2015 – traffic accident between an oil tanker truck and a passenger b ...

                                               

January 11

1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion. 1654 – the war of Arauco: Spanish army defeated the local Mapuche-Huilliches, as he tries to cross the river Bueno in the South of Chile. 1759 – first American insurance company life of the ...

                                               

January 12

2006 – a stampede during the stoning the Devil ritual on the last day during the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims. 2012 – violent protests take place in Bucharest, Romania, as the two-day demonstrations continued aga ...

                                               

January 13

1964 – anti-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in 100 deaths. 1964 – in Manchester, new Hampshire, fourteen-year-old Pamela Mason is murdered. Edward Coolidge is tried and convicted of the offence but the sentence was postponed for a l ...

                                               

January 14

January 14-the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 351 days until the end of the year. In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, so January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New years day ...

                                               

January 16

2006 – Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as the new President of Liberias. It becomes authoritative, the first woman elected head of state. 1605 – the first edition of El ingenioso Hidalgo don Quixote de La Mancha book one of "don Quixote" by Mig ...

                                               

January 17

1948 – agreement, Renville between the Netherlands and Indonesia will be ratified. 1961 – former Prime Minister of the Congo Patrice Lumumba was murdered in circumstances suggesting the support and complicity of the governments of Belgium and the ...

                                               

January 18

1958 – Willie OREE, the first black canadian National hockey League player, made his debut in the NHL with the Boston Bruins. 1960 – the flight of capital airlines 20 accidents on a farm in Charles city County, Virginia, killing all 50 people abo ...

                                               

January 19

1953 – almost 72% of all televisions in the U.S. tuned into I love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth. 1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Faust: the first part of the tragedy receives its premiere performance. 1795 – the Batavian Republic proclaimed in ...

                                               

January 2

1791 – big bottom massacre in the Ohio country, North America, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian war. 2004 – Stardust successfully flies past comet wild 2, collecting samples that are returned to Earth. 1818 – the British institution ...

                                               

January 20

20 January-20-th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 345 days left until the end of the year 346 in leap years. In ancient astrology it is a day between Capricorn and Aquarius.

                                               

January 23

1368 – in a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends the throne of China as the Hongwu, the beginning of the reign of the Ming dynasty of China that would last for three centuries. 1556 – deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake, ...

                                               

January 24

1933 – the 20th amendment to the US Constitution is ratified, changing the beginning and end of term for all elected Federal offices. 1943 – World war II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill conclude a conference in Casablanca. 2011 – at ...

                                               

January 26

1986 – the government of Uganda Tito Okello will be overthrown by the National resistance Army led by Yoweri Museveni. 2001 – an earthquake of 7.7 m W dangle Gujarat Western India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X extreme, leaving 13.805–20. ...

                                               

January 28

1980 – Admiral blackthorn collides with the tanker Capricorn, leaving Tampa, FL and overturned, killing 23 coast guard crew. 1871 – Franco-Prussian war: the siege of Paris ends with defeat of France and the armistice. 1896 – Walter Arnold of East ...

                                               

January 29

1918 – the Ukrainian–Soviet war: an armed uprising organized by the Bolsheviks in anticipation of the advancing red Army begins at the Kiev Arsenal, which will be put down in six days. 2009 – Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich was removed from ...

                                               

January 3

January 3-the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 362 days until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point in the year when the Earth is closer to the Sun, occurs around this date.

                                               

January 31

2001 – In the Netherlands, a Scottish court finds Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their participation in the bombing of pan Am flight 103, over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988. 1996 – explosives-filled truck rams ...

                                               

January 4

1853 – after he was kidnapped and sold into slavery in the American South, Solomon Northup comes to his freedom, his memoir twelve years a slave later became a national bestseller. 2018 – Hennenman–Hermanus train accident: passenger train operate ...

                                               

January 5

1675 – Battle of Colmar: the French army beats Brandenburg. 2005 – Eris, the most massive and second largest known dwarf planet in the Solar system, was discovered by a team of Michael E. brown, Chad Trujillo and David L. Rabinowitz using images ...

                                               

January 6

1839 – the night of the big wind, the most damaging storm in 300 years sweeps across Ireland, damaging or destroying more than 20% of houses in Dublin. 2005 – American civil rights movement: Edgar ray Killen is accused in the 1964 murders of Chan ...

                                               

January 7

1940 – Winter war: the 9th Finnish division to stop and destroy the numerically superior Soviet forces on the Raate-Suomussalmi road. 1984 – Brunei becomes the sixth member of the Association of Southeast Asia ASEAN. 1999 – trial chamber in the c ...

                                               

January 8

2016 – Joaquin Guzman, considered the worlds most powerful drug dealer, recaptured after escaping from prison in Mexico. 1961 – In France a referendum supports a policy of Charles de Gaulle in Algeria. 1811 – unsuccessful slave revolt was led by ...

                                               

January 9

1941 – World war II: First flight of the Avro Lancaster. 1894 – New England telephone and Telegraph installation, the first battery telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts. 2005 – Mahmoud Abbas wins the election to succeed Yasser Arafat ...

                                               

Event (philosophy)

Jaegwon Kim theorized that events are structured. They consist of three things: He objects the basic generic events may be best picked against a scientific theory, whether the theory is a theory about the behavior of middle sized objects, or very ...

                                               

9/11 conspiracy theories

There are many conspiracy theories attribute the planning and execution of the September 11 attacks against the United States by parties other than or in addition to, al-Qaeda, including to the development of technology among senior government of ...

                                               

The Barricades

The barricades were a series of confrontations between the Republic of Latvia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in January 1991 which took place mainly in Riga. The events are named for popular effort of building and protecting barricad ...

                                               

Cinematography

Cinema is the art of moving-image photo-and filming, either in electronic form using the image sensor, or chemically by using a photosensitive material such as film. Cinematographers use lenses to focus the light reflected from objects into a rea ...

                                               

Cinema

The film industry, the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking. Film or video of a series of still images that create the illusion of moving images. Filmmaking the process of making the film. Photography, cinematography, science, ...

                                               

Cinema of Australia

Film Australia had its beginnings with the 1906 production story Kelly gang, earliest feature film ever made. Since then, the Australian crews have made a lot of movies, some of which have received international recognition. Many actors and filmm ...

                                               

Cinema of Austria

Cinema of Austria refers to the film industry based in Austria. Austria takes an active film industry since the beginning of the 20th century, when it was the Austro-Hungarian Empire and which continues to this day. Producer Sasha Kolowrat-Krakow ...

                                               

Cinema of Asia

Asian cinema refers to the film industry and films produced on the Asian continent, and is also sometimes known as Eastern cinema. More often, however, it is most often used to refer to the cinema of Eastern, southeastern and southern Asia. West ...

                                               

Cinema of Albania

Cinema of Albania refers to the film industry based in Albania is the art of cinema and films made in the country or the Albanian cinema abroad. Albania has an active film industry since 1897 and started a large operation in 1940, after the groun ...

                                               

Cinema of Algeria

During the French colonization, movies were mostly propaganda instrument for the French colonial state. Although filmed in Algeria and viewed by the local population, the vast majority of "Algerian" cinema in this era was created by Europeans. Th ...

                                               

Cinema of Argentina

Cinema of Argentina refers to the film industry in Argentina. The Argentine cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made in the country Argentina or by Argentine filmmakers abroad. The Argentine film industry has historically been on ...

                                               

Cinema of Armenia

The cinema of Armenia was born 16 April 1923 when the Armenian state Committee on cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian movie, Armenian subject called "Armenian cinema" was produced in 1912 in Cairo to Armenian-Egyptian ...

                                               

Cinema of Africa

African cinema is film production in Africa. It goes back to the early 20th century, when film was a major cinematic technology in use. In the colonial era, African life was shown only in white, colonial, Western filmmakers, who portrayed blacks ...

                                               

Cinema of Bahrain

The cinema of Bahrain is small, it is not enough support from the government and the private sector. There are a lot of short films of individual Directors, and about five feature films in Bahrains history. There are several theatres in Bahrain, ...

                                               

Cinema of Belarus

Cinema of Belarus began on December 17, 1924, with the creation by decree of what later became the Belarusfilm Studio. The Studio moved to Minsk in 1939. Film production was interrupted by World War II and resumed in 1946, when the Studio took it ...

                                               

Cinema of Belgium

Cinema of Belgium refers to the film industry based in Belgium. Belgium is essentially a bilingual country divided into the Flemish North and Francophone South. There is also a small community of German language in the border area with Germany. B ...

                                               

Cinema of Bulgaria

The cinema of Bulgaria refers to the film industry in Bulgaria. The beginning of Bulgarian cinema was in January 1915, with the premiere of the first Bulgarian feature film Bulgaran-gallant.

                                               

List of Bosnia and Herzegovina films

Because Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of Yugoslavia before gaining independence in 1992, all movies produced were of Yugoslav films. After the war, Bosnian cinema has become the most awarded in the region. Some of the internationally renowned a ...

                                               

Cinema of Brazil

Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century, but it took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment. The film industry of Brazil has gone through periods of UPS and downs, a reflection of its dependence on st ...

                                               

Cinema of Burkina Faso

Cinema of Burkina Faso is one of the most important in Africa, whose history spans several decades and includes the production of many award-winning films.

                                               

Cinema of Bhutan

Movie Bhutan is a small but growing industry, starting in the mid 1990-ies. He supported government officials and various companies. Industry Bhutans film is highly influenced by neighboring Indias bollywood, and the majority of Bhutanese films, ...

                                               

Cinema of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has a significant film industry for over a century. While film production reached an all-time high in 1936, the "Golden age" British cinema is usually thought to have occurred in the 1940s, the years during which the Directors ...

                                               

Cinema of Hungary

Hungary has had a notable cinema industry from the beginning of the 20th century, including Hungarians who affected the world of cinema, both inside and outside the countrys borders. The former can be characterised by Directors Istvan Szabo, Bela ...

                                               

Cinema of Vietnam

Cinema of Vietnam originates in the 1920s and largely formed as a result of the wars that were fought in the country from the 1940s up to 1970-ies. Better known Vietnamese language films include Cyclo, the scent of green papaya and vertical ray o ...

                                               

Cinema of Germany

The film industry in Germany can be traced back to the late 19th century. German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions in film, broadcasting and television technology. Babelsberg became a household word synonymous with the be ...

                                               

Cinema of Hong Kong

Cinema Hong Kong is one three major threads in history Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China and Taiwan. As a former British colony, Hong Kong had a greater degree of political and economic freedom than mainland China and Taiwan, ...

                                               

Cinema of Greece

Cinema of Greece has a long and rich history. Though hampered at times in war or political instability, the Greek film industry dominates the domestic market and has experienced international success. Characteristics of Greek cinema include a dyn ...

                                               

Cinema of Georgia

Cinema of Georgia has been noted for its cinematography in Europe. Italian film Director Federico Fellini, was an admirer of the Georgian film: "Georgian film is a completely unique phenomenon, vivid, philosophically inspiring, very wise, childli ...

                                               

Cinema of Denmark

Denmark has been producing films since 1897 and since the 1980s years has maintained a steady stream of product due largely to funding state support of the Danish film Institute. Historically, Danish films have been noted for their realism, relig ...

                                               

Cinema of Europe

Cinema of Europe refers to the film industry and films produced on the European continent. Europeans were the pioneers of the film industry, with several innovative engineers and artists making an impact, especially at the end of the 19th century ...

                                               

Cinema of Egypt

The cinema of Egypt refers to the flourishing film industry in Cairo. Since 1976, in the capital held the annual Cairo international film festival, which was accredited by the International Federation of associations of film producers. There is a ...

                                               

Cinema of West Bengal

Cinema of West Bengal, also known as Tollywood, Bengali refers to the Indian film industry based in Tollygunge Kolkata region, West Bengal, India. The origin of the nickname Tollywood, is composed of two words Tollygunge and Hollywood, dates back ...

                                               

Cinema of Israel

Cinema of Israel refers to movie production in Israel since its founding in 1948. Most Israeli films are produced in Hebrew. Israel has been nominated for more Academy awards for Best foreign language film than any other country in the middle East.

                                               

Cinema of India

Cinema India consists films produced in the country of India. Cinemas are very popular in India, as many as 1.600 films produced every year in different languages. Indian cinema produces more movies watched by more people than any other country i ...

                                               

Cinema of Indonesia

Cinema of Indonesia has a long history Dating back to 1900. Until the 1920-ies, cinema in Indonesia refers only to the Europeans, with the tacit documentaries and feature films imported from France and America. Documentaries about nature and life ...

                                               

Cinema of Jordan

Jordan is a country with strong political support and a variety of locations that were used by filmmakers from around the world. Movies that were shot in Jordan include Indiana Jones and the last crusade, which was filmed in Petra in 1988. "Lawre ...

                                               

Cinema of Iraq

Cinema of Iraq went through a downturn under Saddam Hussein. The development of cinema and movie-going in Iraq reflects the drastic historical shifts that Iraq has experienced in the 20th century. The war in Iraq that began in 2003, has influence ...

                                               

Cinema of Iran

Cinema of Iran also known as Persia cinema refers to the cinema and film industries in Iran which produce a variety of commercial films annually. Iranian art films have garnered international fame and is now available worldwide. Iranian films, as ...

                                               

Cinema of Ireland

The Irish film industry has already increased somewhat in recent years, partly due to the strengthening of the sector by Bord Scannan hEireann and at the imposition of heavy taxes. According to the Irish audiovisual content production sector anal ...

                                               

Cinema of Iceland

Iceland has a notable cinema film industry, with many Icelandic actors going to receive international attention. The most famous film, and the only one to be nominated for the Academy award and the European film Academy, born natturunnar, Directo ...

                                               

Cinema of Spain

The art of cinema in Spain or by Spanish filmmakers abroad is called in Spanish cinema. In recent years Spanish cinema has achieved high marks of recognition. In the long history of Spanish cinema, the great filmmaker Luis buñuel was the first to ...

                                               

Cinema of Italy

The cinema of Italy comprises the films made within Italy or by Italian Directors. The first Italian Director Vittorio Calcina is considered, the associate of the lumière brothers who shot Pope Leo XIII in 1896. From the very beginning, the Itali ...

                                               

Cinema of Yemen

The cinema of Yemen is very small, there being only two Yemeni films of 2008. Released in 2005, a New Day in Old Sanaa deals with a young man struggling between whether to go ahead with a traditional marriage or go with the woman he loves. In Aug ...

                                               

Cinema of North Korea

Cinema of North Korea began with the division of Korea and has been sustained since the ruling Kim dynasty. Kim Il-sung and his successor Kim Jong-Il were both film fans and wanted to produce propaganda films based on the Juche ideology. All film ...

                                               

Cinema of Kazakhstan

Cinema of Kazakhstan refers to the film industry in Kazakhstan. Cinema in Kazakhstan can be traced back to the early 20th century. Today, Kazakhstan produces about fifteen feature films per year.

                                               

Cinema of Canada

The cinema of Canada or canadian cinema refers to the film industry in Canada. Canada is home to several studios and film centers, mainly located in three major cities: Toronto, Ontario, Montreal, Quebec, Vancouver, British Columbia. Industry and ...

                                               

Catalan cinema

The term Catalan cinema covers film projects produced and acted preferably people from Catalonia. In Spain, it is part of Spanish cinema, and includes films in Catalan and Spanish. The Catalan Academy of cinema was created to recognize and suppor ...

                                               

Cinema of Kyrgyzstan

In 1998, Beshkempir, Aktan Abdykalykov, received the award for best Grand Prix film at the 1st International film festival "Eurasia" in Almaty, Kazakhstan. In 2005 at the 2nd international film festival "Eurasia", Saratan, Ernest Abdyzhapparov, w ...

                                               

Cinema of China

Movie mainland China is one of three distinct historical threads Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and Taiwan. The cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, Dingjun Mountain, was made in 1905. ...

                                               

Cinema of Korea

The term "cinema of Korea" encompasses the motion picture industries of North and South Korea. As with all aspects of Korean life during the past century, the film industry has often been dominated by political events since the end of the Joseon ...

                                               

Cinema of Kuwait

Cinema Kuwait is dependent on imports of films from foreign countries and shows them in the Kuwaiti theater. American imperialism is a serious problem in the formation of Arab cinema in General and film in particular with Kuwait. This act has cau ...

                                               

Cinema of Latvia

Cinema of Latvia dates back to 1910 when the first short films were made. The first cinematic screening in Riga took place on may 28, 1896. By 1914 all major cities in Latvia had cinemas where newsreels, documentaries and mostly foreign short fil ...

                                               

Cinema of Lebanon

Cinema of Lebanon, according to film critic and historian, Roy Armes, this is the only cinema in the Arabic-speaking region, except Egypt, which can be equated to the national cinema. Movie in Lebanon exists since 1920-ies, and the country has pr ...

                                               

Cinema of Lithuania

After Lithuania regained independence on 11 March 1990, instead, there was public funding for film production has dramatically decreased and small studios. In the era of about 10 documentaries and 2 feature films were made per year. The most nota ...

                                               

Cinema of Luxembourg

The Luxembourg film industry is quite small, but this is not surprising, given that the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with a population of 576.000 people. However, many films have been made in the country, as a native filmmakers and by people from ot ...

                                               

Cinema of Mexico

The history of Mexican cinema goes to the end of the 19th century and early 20th century, when several enthusiasts of the new medium documented historical events – particularly the Mexican revolution – and produced some movies that have just rece ...

                                               

Cinema of Moldova

The cinema of Moldova developed in the early 1960-ies in the Soviet period, experiencing a flowering of about a decade and a half. Stagnation followed, and after the Moldavian SSR became independent in 1991, the industry almost completely disappe ...

                                               

Cinema of Nepal

Nepali movie, also known as Kollywood, has a very long history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of the country. It is often called "Nepali Chalchitra". This includes films in various languages of Nepal, especially in N ...

                                               

Cinema of Nigeria

The cinema of Nigeria, often referred to informally as Nollywood, is composed of films made in Nigeria, its history dates back to as early as the late 19th century and during the colonial era in the early 20th century. History of the origin and d ...

                                               

Cinema of the Netherlands

Cinema of the Netherlands refers to the film industry based in the Netherlands. Because the Dutch film industry is relatively small, and little or no international market for Dutch films, almost all films rely on state funding. This financing can ...

                                               

Cinema of Norway

Norway has had a notable cinema industry for some time. The first film of domestic production in Norway was short on the fishermen of the Faroe Islands Fiskerlivets, Dating from 1907. The first feature was released in 1911, produced Halfman Nobel ...

                                               

Cinema of the United Arab Emirates

Cinema of the United Arab Emirates started with a number of feature films, which were broadcast on national television since the late 1980-ies. In 2002, Emirates competition film was formed, which influenced a whole generation of Emirati filmmake ...

                                               

Cinema of Pakistan

Cinema of Pakistan and Pakistani cinema refers to the film industry in Pakistan. Pakistan is home to several studios and film centers, mainly in the two largest cities Karachi and Lahore. Pakistani cinema plays an important role in Pakistani cult ...

                                               

Cinema of Poland

History of cinema in Poland is almost as long as the history of cinema, and it has always been recognised, even though Polish movies tend to be smaller than commercially available films of several other European Nations. After the Second world wa ...

                                               

Cinema of Cyprus

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, George Filis produced and directed Gregoris Afxentiou, ETSI Prodothike Im From, and the Mega document. In 1994, the production of the Cypriot film received a boost with the establishment of the Advisory Committe ...

                                               

Cinema of South Korea

Movie South Korea refers to the film industry of South Korea from 1945 to the present. South Korean films have been largely influenced by these events and forces, and the time of the Japanese occupation of Korea, the Korean war, government censor ...

                                               

Cinema of Russia

The cinema of Russia began in the Russian Empire, widely developed in the Soviet Union and in the first years after its collapse, the Russian film industry would remain a recognized. In the 21st century, Russian cinema has become popular internat ...

                                               

Cinema of the Russian Empire

Cinema of the Russian Empire roughly covers the period 1907 - 1920, during which was created a reliable infrastructure. Because of 2.700 films created in Russia until 1920, about 300 remain to this day.

                                               

Cinema of Romania

Cinema of Romania is the art of the motion picture in the country of Romania and the Romanian filmmakers abroad. It was home to many world famous films and Directors. How many worlds of early cinema, the ravages of time have left their mark on th ...

                                               

Cinema of the Soviet Union

Cinema of the Soviet Union includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although they were all regulated by the Central government in Moscow. The m ...

                                               

Cinema of the United States

Cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a big impact on the film industry since the beginning of the 20th century. The dominant style of American cinema is a classical Hollywood film, which is being devel ...

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