Топ-100 Hobby, Sport, Music, Cinematography, Photography, Nature, Recreation, Game, Transport, Film .. Info | About | What's This? | google-wiki.info

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Hobby

A hobby is a regular activity done for pleasure, usually in their free time, not professionally and not for the money. Hobby-collecting themed items and objects, engaging in creative and artistic pursuits, playing sports, or doing other activities. Participation in the hobby promotes the acquisition of important skills and knowledge in this area. The list of changes Hobbies with new interests and the development of fashion, making it a diverse and lengthy. A hobby, generally follow the trends in society, for example, in the collection of the brand was popular in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as the mail system was a primary means of communication, whereas video games are more popular today the following technological achievements. Promotion of the products and technologies of the XIX century, provided workers with more availability in spare time to engage in Hobbies. Because of the effort people invest in the hobby has increased with time. Hobbyists can be identified by three categories: leisure which is something worthy, short-lived, pleasurable activity requiring little or no training, serious organizations, which is the systematic pursuit of an Amateur, hobbyist or volunteer that is significant, useful, and brings in a sense of accomplishment, and finally, project organizations, which is often a short-term one-time project which is useful.

                                               

Sport

Sport includes all forms of physical activity, low or games which, through casual or organized participation, at least in part to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills for the implementation with the participants, and in some cases, entertainment for the audience. Hundreds of sports exist, from those between one contestant, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants, either in a team or competing as individuals. In some sports, such as racing, many participants can compete, simultaneously or sequentially, with one winner, in others, the encounter between the two sides, each trying to outdo the other. Some sports allow you to "bind" or "tie", in which there is one winner, others provide draw methods to ensure one winner and one loser. A number of contests can be arranged in the tournament to produce a champion. Many sports leagues make annual champion, arranging games in the regular sports season, and in some cases-offs. Sport is generally recognized as a system of activities based in physical athleticism and physical dexterity with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic games recognize only sports meeting this definition, and other organisations such as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without physical element from the category Sports. However, a number of competitive, but not physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports. The international Olympic Committee through ARISF recognises, like chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and SportAccord, the international sports Federation Association, recognizes five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, draughts checkers, go and Xiangqi, and limits the amount of mind games which can be admitted as sports. Sports usually governed set rules or customs which serve to ensure fair competition and allow consistent decisions of the winner. Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing the first line. It can also be determined by judges who are scoring elements of the sporting activity, including objective and subjective measures such as technical performance and artistry. Reports of performance are often kept, and for popular sports, this information may be widely announced or published in sports news. Sport is also an important source of entertainment for non-participants, spectator sport drawing large crowds at sporting venues, while also reaching wider audiences through broadcasting. Sports betting are in some cases strictly regulated, and in some cases occupies a Central place in the sport. According to A. T. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth in 2013 to 620 billion dollars. The worlds most affordable and practice the sport of running, while football is the most popular sport.

                                               

Music

Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch, rhythm, dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture. Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping, there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική. See glossary of musical terminology. In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music, the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, and the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound." The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of music vary according to culture and social context. Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethovens Grosse Fuge string quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ranges from strictly organized composition–this as Classical music symphonies from the 1700s and 1800s, through to spontaneously played (through to played spontaneously) improvisational music such as jazz, and avant-garde styles of chance-based modern music from the 20th and 21st centuries. Music can be divided into genres e.g., country music and genres can be further divided into subgenres e.g., country blues and pop country are two of the many country subgenres (the many subgenres of country), although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are often subtle, sometimes open to personal interpretation, and occasionally controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between some early 1980s hard rock and heavy metal. Within the arts, music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art or as an auditory art. Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance heard live as part of a dramatic work a music theater show or Opera, or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show. In many cultures, music is an important part of peoples way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies e.g., graduation and marriage, social activities e.g., dancing and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an amateur funk band or singing in a community choir. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer. The music industry includes the individuals who create new songs and musical pieces such as songwriters and composers, individuals who perform music, individuals who record music producers and sound engineers, individuals who organize concert tours, and individuals who sell recordings, sheet music, and scores to customers.

                                               

Cinematography

Cinema is the art of moving-image photo-and filming, either in electronic form using the image sensor, or chemically by using a photosensitive material such as film. Cinematographers use lenses to focus the light reflected from objects into a real image, which is transmitted to the image sensor and the photosensitive material within the camera. These risks are created sequentially and stored for later processing and viewing, like a movie. Capture images with an electronic image sensor generates electric charge of each pixel in the image is automatically processed and stored in a video file for subsequent processing or display. Images shot with the result of the photographic emulsion in a series of invisible latent images on the film, which is chemically "developed" into a visible image. The image on the film is projected on a viewing of the film. Cinematography finds usage in many fields of science and business and also for entertainment purposes and mass communication.

                                               

Photography

Photography is the art and practice of creating durable images recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by using a photosensitive material such as photographic film. It is used in many fields of science, industry and business, as well as more direct uses for art, film and video production, leisure, hobby and mass communications. Typically, a lens is used to focus the light reflected or emitted from objects into a real image on the light-sensitive surface inside a camera during exposure. With the help of electronic image sensor, this produces an electric charge of each pixel, which are processed automatically and stored in a digital image file for subsequent display or processing. The result with photographic emulsion invisible latent image which later chemically "developed" into a visible image, either negative or positive depending purpose photographic material and processing method. Negative image on film is traditionally used to photographically create a positive image on paper, known as print, or with a photographic enlarger or contact printing.

                                               

Nature

Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe. "Nature" refers to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in General. The study of nature is great, if not the only part of science. Although man is part of nature, human activities often understood as a separate category from other natural phenomena. The word nature is derived from the Latin word Natura, or "essential qualities, innate disposition", and in ancient times, literally meant "birth". In ancient philosophy, nature is mainly used as the Latin translation of the Greek word physis φύσις, which originally is due to characteristics that plants, animals and other features of the world develop of their own accord. The concept of nature as a whole, the physical Universe, is one of several expansions of the original notion, it began with certain core applications of the word φύσις by pre-Socratic philosophers, although the word had a dynamic measurement, particularly for Heraclitus, and gradually spread since then. During the advent of modern scientific method in the last few centuries, nature has been a passive reality, organized and driven by the divine laws. With the beginning of the industrial revolution, nature increasingly came to be regarded as part of reality devoid of intentional intervention: he was, therefore, considered sacred, some of the traditions of Rousseau, American transcendentalism, or just the decency of divine Providence and human history, Hegel, Marx. However, vetlitskaja vision of the nature, closer to the presocratic one, reborn at the same time, especially after Charles Darwin. In various uses of the word today, nature often refers to Geology and wildlife. Nature may refer to the area of General plant life and animals, and in some cases to the processes associated with inanimate objects - so that particular types of things exist and change on their own, such as weather and Geology of Earth. This often means "natural environment" or wilderness wild animals, rocks, forest and in General those things that have not been significantly modified by human intervention, or despite human intervention. For example, industrial objects and human interaction generally are not considered part of nature unless qualified as for example "human nature" or "all nature". This more traditional concept of natural things which can still be found today implies a distinction between natural and artificial, with artificial to understand as what was given in Genesis of human consciousness or the human mind. Depending on the particular context, the term "natural" might also be distinguished from the unnatural or supernatural.

                                               

Recreation

The rest is one of the types of activities leisure time spare time. "We need to do something for recreation" is an essential element of human biology and psychology. Leisure activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement or pleasure and are considered to be "fun".

                                               

Game

The game is structured form of playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for remuneration, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work or art. The game is sometimes played purely for entertainment, sometimes for achievement or reward as well. They can be played alone, in team or online by Amateurs or professionals. Players may have audience non-players, for example, when people are entertained by watching a chess championship. On the other hand, players in a game may constitute their own audience as they take their turn to play. Often, part of the fun for kids is to decide who is part of their audience, and who the player is. Key components of the game, goals, rules, challenges, interaction. Games generally involve mental or physical stimulation, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of exercise, or otherwise perform an educational, simulational or psychological role. Certified in 2600 BC, games are universal part of human experience and present in all cultures. The Royal game of UR, Senet, and Mancala are some of the oldest known games.

                                               

Transport

Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one place to another. In other words, the actions of transport is defined as a specific movement of the body or a thing from point a to point B. the modes of transport include air, land, water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations. Transport enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilization. Transport infrastructure consists of fixed installations including roads, Railways, Airways, waterways, canals and pipelines and terminals like airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, freight terminals, refueling depots including fuelling docks and fuel stations and seaports. The terminals may be used both for exchange of passengers and cargo, and maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, helicopters, watercraft, spacecraft and aircraft. Operations deal with the way vehicles are operated, and the procedures established for this purpose, including financing, legal technicalities and rules. In transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be public or private, depending on the country and mode. Passenger transport may be public, where operators provide scheduled flights or private. Freight steel containerization, although bulk transport. used for large volumes of durable goods. Transport plays an important role in ensuring economic growth and globalization, but most types cause air pollution and use large amounts of land. While this is largely subsidized by governments, good planning of transport is very important to the traffic flow and restrain urban growth.

                                               

Film

A film also called a movie or the movie or the seventh art, visual art is used to simulate the experience, to share ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty or atmosphere by means of recorded or programmed moving images along with other sensory stimulations. The word movie ", abbreviated as VGIK, is often used to refer to cinema and the film industry and the art form that is the result. Moving images in the movies are created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera by photographing drawings or layouts using traditional animation techniques with CGI and computer animation or a combination of some or all of these techniques and other visual effects. Traditionally, movies were recorded on celluloid film using a photochemical process, and then shown through the projector, the film on the big screen. Modern films often fully digital through the entire process of production, distribution and exhibition, while movies recorded in photochemical form traditionally included an optical soundtrack similar. Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. They reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them. The film is considered an important art form, a source of popular entertainment and a powerful tool for training - or brainwashing citizens. The visual basis of film gives it a universal power of communication. Some movies have become popular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialogue into other languages. The individual images that make up the film called the shots. In the projection of the traditional celluloid films, a rotating shutter causes intervals of darkness as each frame in turn is moved into position to be projected, but the viewer does not notice the interruptions because of an effect known as persistence of vision, whereby the eye retains image for fraction of a second after the source disappears. Motion perception is partly due to a psychological effect called Phi phenomenon. The name "film" comes from the fact that photographic film also called film historically, as a means for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for an individual motion picture, including picture show, moving image, film and movie. The most common term in the United States is movie, while in Europe film is preferred. General conditions for the field in General include the big screen, the silver screen, movies, movie, the last one is widely used as a comprehensive term in scholarly texts and critical essays. In the early years, the word sheet was sometimes used instead of screen.

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